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Entrepreneur - a person who organizes and operates a business or businesses, taking on greater than

normal financial risks in order to do so.


Enterprise - is another word for a for-profit business or company, but it is most often associated with
entrepreneurial ventures.
Entrepreneurship - is both the study of how new businesses are created as well as the actual process of
starting a new business – the term is used interchangeably. An entrepreneur is someone who has an
idea and who works to create a product or service that people will buy, by building an organization to
support those sales.
Entrepreneurial Competency - can be defined as underlying characteristics such as generic and specific
knowledge, motives, traits, self-images, social roles, and skills which result in venture birth, survival,
and/or growth
PEC’s / Personal Entrepreneurial Competencies
Use of Influence Strategies

 The art of planning and establishing influence among the customers or the public.
Self-Confidence

 A person who has confidence in himself or herself and in his or her own abilities.
Persuasion
 The act or process or an instance of persuading.
Assertiveness

 Confident in style or behavior


Problem Solving
 To engage in the actions or thoughts necessary to discover solutions to problems".
Information Seeking
 Information seeking is the process or activity of attempting to obtain information in both human
and technological contexts.
Systematic Planning
 Systematic planning is a planning process that is based on the scientific method and includes
concepts such as objectivity of approach and acceptability of results.
Sees and acts on opportunities
 Opportunity an occasion or situation which makes it possible to do something that you want to
do or have to do, or the possibility of doing something.
Concern for High Quality of Work
 Refers to the favorable or unfavorable of a job environment for the people working in an
organization.
Commitment to Work Contract
 An entrepreneur always delivers his promise promptly and he values his reputation.
Persistence

 The fact of continuing in an opinion or course of action in spite of difficulty of the opposition.
Efficiency Orientation

 A successful entrepreneur always finds ways to do things faster or with fewer resources or at a
lower cost.
Initiative
 The power or opportunity to act or take charge before others do.
 An act or strategy intended to resolve a difficulty or improve a situation; a fresh approach to
something.
Competency assessment and its process
- It is based on actual skills and knowledge that a person can demonstrate in the workplace or
other contexts.
Core competencies - are the resources and/or strategic advantages of a business, including the
combination of pooled knowledge and technical capacities, that allow it to be competitive in the
marketplace. They are what the company does best and consist of the combined activities, operations,
and resources that distinguish the company from competitors.
Role-Specific Competencies
Networking

 Plans and implements additions, deletions and major modifications to the supporting
infrastructure company-wide in co-ordination with corporate leadership.
 Oversees the implementation of network security at the corporate level.
 Anticipates future network needs, identifies proactive solutions to satisfy needs.
Telephony
 Oversees the planning and management of the company's telephone system and manages
company-wide upgrade efforts.
Help Desk Administration
 Oversees the management of corporate help desk activities and resolves escalated issues if
necessary.
Asset Management
 Helps establish and build relationships with vendors in conjunction with corporate leadership.
 Oversees all IT-related purchasing and budget usage; works with Accounting to develop
budgets.
 Holds responsibility for capacity planning and scheduling vendor negotiations related to IT.
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Morality – is the belief that some behaviour is right and acceptable and that other behaviour is wrong.
Foundations of Morality

1) Care/Harm - related to our long evolution as mammals with attachment systems and an ability to feel
(and dislike) the pain of others. This foundation underlies virtues of kindness, gentleness, and
nurturance.

2) Fairness/Cheating - related to the evolutionary process of reciprocal altruism. This foundation


generates ideas of justice, rights, and autonomy.

3) Loyalty/Betrayal - related to our long history as tribal creatures able to form shifting coalitions. This
foundation underlies virtues of patriotism and self-sacrifice for the group. It is active anytime people feel
that it’s “one for all, and all for one.”

4) Authority/Subversion - shaped by our long primate history of hierarchical social interactions. This
foundation underlies virtues of leadership and followership, including deference to legitimate authority
and respect for traditions.

5) Sanctity/Degradation - shaped by the psychology of disgust and contamination. This foundation


underlies religious notions of striving to live in an elevated, less carnal, more noble way. It underlies the
widespread idea that the body is a temple which can be desecrated by immoral activities and
contaminants (an idea not unique to religious traditions).

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Culture - refers to the non-physical ideas that individuals have about their culture, including values,
belief systems, rules, norms, morals, language, organizations, and institutions.

Society - is a group of individuals involved in persistent social interaction, or a large social group sharing
the same geographical or social territory, typically subject to the same political authority and dominant
cultural expectations.

Semi-formal Politics - is politics in government associations such as neighborhood associations, or


student governments where student government political party politics is often important.

Informal Politics - is understood as forming alliances, exercising power and protecting and advancing
particular ideas or goals.

Anthropology - is the study of humans and human behaviour and societies in the past and present.

Political science - is a social science which deals with systems of governance, and the analysis of
political activities, political thoughts and political behavior. It deals extensively with the theory and
practice of politics which is commonly thought of as determining of the distribution of power and
resources.
Nationality - is a legal relationship between an individual person and a state.
Ethnicity - is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common
ancestry, language, history, society, culture or nation.
Gender - is the range of characteristics pertaining to, and difference
between, masculinity and femininity.
Socio-economic status - is an economic and sociological combined total measure of a person's work
experience and of an individual's or family's economic and social position in relation to others, based on
income, education, and occupation.
Norm - a standard or pattern, especially of social behavior, that is typical or expected of a group.
Values - it may be described as treating actions themselves as abstract objects, putting value to then.
Social imaginary is the set of values, institutions, laws, and symbols common to a particular social group.
Status - the position of an individual in relation to another or others, especially in regard to social or
professional standing.
Role - is a set of connected behaviors, rights, obligations, beliefs, and norms as conceptualized by people
in a social situation.
Religion - may be defined as a cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, world views, texts,
sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, or organizations, that relates humanity to supernatural,
transcendental, or spiritual elements
Deviance - describes an action or behavior that violates social norms, including a formally enacted rule
(e.g., crime), as well as informal violations of social norms.
Kinship - is the web of social relationships that form an important part of the lives of all humans in all
societies, although its exact meanings even within this discipline are often debated.
Mitigation - means reducing risk of loss from the occurrence of any undesirable event.
Animism - is the religious belief that objects, places and creatures all possess a distinct spiritual
essence.
Paganism - has been broadly defined as anyone involved in any religious act, practice, or ceremony
which is not Christian.
Nation - is a stable community of people, formed on the basis of a common language, territory,
economic life, ethnicity or psychological make-up manifested in a common culture