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МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ

РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ
Федеральное агентство по образованию
Государственное образовательное учреждение высшего
профессионального образования
ТАГАНРОГСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ
РАДИОТЕХНИЧЕСКИЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ

ПРИОРИТЕТНЫЙ НАЦИОНАЛЬНЫЙ ПРОЕКТ «ОБРАЗОВАНИЕ»


(2006-2007 г.г.)
Инновационная образовательная программа
«Инновационный механизм развития взаимодействия
таганрогского государственного радиотехнического университета и бизнеса»
кафедра иностранных языков

Guided Grammar
Учебно-методическое пособие
по формированию компетенции в грамматике
(английский язык)

Таганрог 2006
УДК Англ
Составители: О.Г. Мельник О.С. Тарасенко,
Л.В. Буренко, Л.К. Сальная

Guided Grammar: Учебно-методическое пособие. – Таганрог: Изд-во ТРТУ, 2006.


– 184 с.
Под общей редакцией Г. А. Краснощековой
Пособие является приложением к учебнику Headway Pre-Intermediate и
предназначено для самостоятельной подготовки студентов базового уровня, а
также для использования на занятиях. Левый разворот книги содержит правила на
русском языке, так как студентам со слабой подготовкой трудно воспринимать
теоретический материал на иностранном языке. Правый разворот содержит
упражнения.
Цель учебно–методического пособия – формирование и совершенствование
грамматической компетенции студентов базового уровня неязыкового вуза.

Рецензенты:
И. И. Данилова, канд. пед. наук, доцент кафедры лингвистического
образования ТРТУ.
Г.С. Плотникова, канд. филол. наук, доцент кафедры иностранных языков ТГПИ.
Предисловие
Настоящее издание является грамматическим приложением к учебному
пособию “Headway” (Pre – Intermediate) для студентов неязыковых вузов базового
уровня и предназначено как для аудиторных занятий, так и для самостоятельной
работы студентов.
Одной из самых актуальных проблем современной методики обучения
иностранным языкам является ориентация всего учебного процесса на активную
самостоятельную работу студентов, создание условий для их самовыражения и
саморазвития.
Самостоятельная работа является неотъемлемым, обязательным звеном
процесса обучения, предусматривающим прежде всего индивидуальную работу
студентов под руководством преподавателя.
Данное пособие состоит из четырнадцати уроков (грамматическая тема
каждого урока соответствует грамматической теме пособия Headway Pre –
Intermediate), четырёх разделов Stop and check, в которых даны упражнения,
обобщающие материал нескольких предыдущих уроков. В заключительной части
пособия находятся ключи к упражнениям, таблица неправильных глаголов,
список глаголов с предлогами и некоторые таблицы в качестве вспомогательного
материала. Разделы Stop and Check также снабжены ключами. Предложенная
авторами структура пособия: теоретический материал в виде правил–инструкций
и таблиц находится на левой странице, а на правой странице представлены
упражнения для закрепления, призвана помочь студентам усвоить и
активизировать необходимый грамматический материал. Теоретические сведения,
а также задания к упражнениям даны на русском языке. Комплекс заданий,
направленных на усвоение необходимых грамматических явлений, содержит как
подстановочные упражнения, так и упражнения, предполагающие объединение,
реконструкцию слов и фраз и многое другое и призван активизировать
мыслительную деятельность обучающихся.
По мнению авторов, это пособие может быть особенно полезным
студентам с низким уровнем обученности, которые сталкиваются с трудностями
при изучении грамматики на английском языке.
Авторы надеются, что данное пособие будет полезным и эффективным
помощником в работе как преподавателей, так и студентов.
Contents
Introduction………………………………………………………………3
Unit 1 Word order……………………………………………………...5
Questions……………………………………...........................................9
Unit 2 Present Tenses…………………………………………………15
Unit 3 Past Tenses…………………………………………….…........16
Unit 4 Quantity. ………………………………………………………22
Articles………………………………………....................................... .24
Unit 5 Verb+to/ Verb+ing. ……………………………………………28
Future forms…………………………………………………………….32
Unit 6 Degrees of comparison…………………………………………34
Unit 7 Present Perfect and Past Simple………………………………..38
Unit 8 Modal Verbs……………………………………………………42
Unit 9 Time and Conditional Clauses………………………………….44
Unit10 Infinitives…...………………………………………………….46
Unit11 Passives……...………………………………………………... 48
Unit 12 Second Conditional...………………………………………… 52
Unit 13 Present Perfect Continuous...………………………………… 54
Unit 14 Past Perfect. Reported Speech...……………………………... 56
Answer Keys………………………………............................................. 61
Stop and Check 1……………………………………………………….. 73
Stop and Check 2………………………………………………………...75
Stop and Check 3………………………………………………………...77
Stop and Check 4………………………………………………………...80
Answer Keys…….……………………………………………………….83
Appendix 1. Irregular verbs…………..………………………………….88
Appendix 2. Word+Preposition………………………………………….90
Appendix 3 Tables……………………………………………………….92
Additional exercises………………………..………………………......101
Key………………………...……………………………………………154
Unit 1. Word order. Questions
Повествовательные предложения содержат сообщения о
событиях, фактах, действиях, чувствах и т. п. Повествовательное
предложение может быть утвердительным или отрицательным. В
английском языке существует твёрдый порядок слов, т. е. каждый член
предложения имеет своё определённое место в предложении. Для
английского повествовательного предложения обычен следующий
порядок слов (прямой порядок слов):
подлежащее сказуемое дополнение обстоятельство
The man sent a telegram yesterday.
Человек послал телеграмму вчера.
Дополнение обычно всегда стоит после сказуемого. Определение может
стоять перед любым членом предложения, выраженным существительным.
опреде подле сказуемое определение дополнение обстоятельство
-ление -жащее
The old man sent a long telegram yesterday.
Пожило человек отправил длинную телеграмму вчера.
й
Когда в предложении несколько обстоятельств, то они располагаются в
следующем порядке: обстоятельство образа действия, обстоятельство места,
обстоятельство времени.
подлежащее сказуемое дополнение обстоятельства
образа места времени
действия
I met him by chance in the shop yesterday.
Я встретил его случайно в магазине вчера.
Обстоятельство времени иногда может стоять в начале
предложения: On Monday I’m going to Paris.
Некоторые обстоятельства времени (напр. always, never, also, often)
стоят вместе с глаголом в середине предложения: Tom always goes to
work by car.
Если глагол выражен одним словом (goes, feel, cooked) обстоятельство
времени стоит перед глаголом: Lucy hardly ever watches television and
rarely reads newspapers. Jim never phones me. I always have to phone him.
Однако обстоятельства времени стоят после am/is/are/was/were.
E.g. Why are you always late? You are never on time.
Если сказуемое состоит из двух или более слов, то обстоятельства
времени стоят после первого глагола: I can never remember his name.
Ann doesn’t usually smoke.
1.1. Составьте предложения, поставив данные слова в правильном
порядке.
E.g. Madrid George from comes – George comes from Madrid.
1. from John New York is.
2. in works my brother bank a.
3. Rostov year we last lived in.
4. I weekend at usually swimming the go.
5. we restaurant a Sunday on go to usually.
6. French Martin learning at is moment the.
7. very everybody the much party enjoyed.
8. after Sarah a gave the me lift party.
9. fell so were we we tired all asleep.
10. at of please your the write page name top the.

1.2. Перепишите предложения, вставляя слова, данные в скобках.


E.g. Ann doesn’t drink tea. (often) – Ann doesn’t often drinks tea.
1. I don’t have to work on Sundays. (usually)
2. Do you watch television in the evenings? (always)
3. Martin is learning French. He is learning Italian. (also)
4. That hotel is very expensive. (probably)
5. I can remember his name. (never)
6. Steve gets angry and shouts. (hardly ever/ rarely)
7. We meet on Sundays. (sometimes)
8. If you see her (ever), say a big hello to her.
9. You should come to the lecture on time. (always)
10. I am sorry, but they have left. (already)

1.3. Исправьте порядок слов в данных ниже предложениях.


1. Often he is angry with his naughty children.
2. The unemployed gathered yesterday in the Central Square.
3. This love story romantically started in America long ago.
4. I know a little Spanish also.
5. Everybody very much enjoyed the party.
6. I met on my way home a friend of mine.
7. Usually she doesn’t wear jeans.
8. She gave a present me on my birthday.
Вопросительные предложения
Обратный порядок слов (инверсия) – это такой порядок слов,
при котором сказуемое или его часть стоит перед подлежащим и
употребляется при построении вопросительного предложения. В
английском языке есть 4 типа вопросительных предложений:
1) общие вопросы; 2) специальные вопросы; 3) альтернативные
вопросы; 4) разделительные вопросы.
Общий вопрос относится ко всему предложению и предполагает
ответ Yes или No.
Схема вопроса:
Вспомогательный глагол + Подлежащее + Смысловой глагол: Does
he smoke? - Yes, he does/No, he doesn’t.
Специальный вопрос начинается с вопросительного слова what,
when, where, which, how, who, when, why, whose (см. Приложения: таб.
1)
Схема вопроса:
Вопросительное слово + Вспомогательный глагол + Подлежащее +
Смысловой глагол: Why are you laughing?
Слова what, which , whose могут употребляться с существительными: What sort of
music do you like? Which coat is yours? Whose book is this?
Слово Which обычно употребляется когда выбор ограничен: Which newspaper do
you read?
Слово How может употребляться с прилагательными и наречиями: How big is his
new car? How many brothers have you got?
Альтернативный вопрос предполагает выбор между двумя
возможностями, он состоит как бы из двух общих вопросов,
соединенных союзом or: Is it a book or is it a notebook?
Можно упростить вопрос, сократив его вторую часть: Is it a book or a
notebook?
Разделительный вопрос задается тогда, когда мы хотим
получить подтверждение слушающего.
Схема предложения:
Предложение + Краткий вопрос общего типа.
В кратком вопросе повторяется вспомогательный, модальный или
связочный глагол предложения: He is reading, isn’t he?
Если глагол в предложении стоит в утвердительной форме, в кратком
вопросе глагол стоит в отрицательной форме, если глагол в
предложении стоит в отрицательной форме, то глагол в кратком вопросе
стоит в утвердительной форме: He is there, isn’t he? He isn’t there, is he?
1.4. Завершите вопросы, вставляя вопросительные слова
what/which/who.
E.g. What is that man's name?
1. … way shall we go? This way or the other way?
2. You can have tea or coffee. ... do you want?
3. “I can't find my umbrella.” “… colour is it?”
4. … is your favourite sport?
5. This is a very nice house … room is yours?
6. … is more expensive, meat or fish?
7. … is older, Ann or George?
8. … is your telephone number?
9. … kind of TV programmes do you like watching?
10. “She's got three cars.” “... car does she use most?”
11. “… nationality are you?” “I'm Brazilian.”
1.5. Задайте вопросы с вопросительными словами What /How .
E.g. Are his eyes blue? Green? Brown? - What color are his eyes?
1. Did you get up at 7 o'clock? 7.30? 815?
2. Are you 20 years old? 21? 22?
3. Is the door red? Blue? Yellow?
4. Are these shoes size 37? 38? 39?
5. Is it 1000 miles from Paris to Moscow? 1500? 2000?
6. Is your room very big? Quite big? Not very big?
7. Do you like classical music? Rock? Folk music?
8. Can you run one kilometer? Five? Ten?
9. Is it Monday? Tuesday? Wednesday?
10. Is this box one kilogram? One and a half? Two?
11.Do you like horror films? Science fiction films? Thrillers? Comedies?
1.6. Составьте разделительные вопросы.
E.g. You usually start your work at nine o’clock, don’t you?
1. You usually start your work at nine o’clock, a. is it?
2. Nick can’t speak any foreign languages, b. will he?
3. He’s got a camera, c. aren’t there?
4. They never argue with me, d. can he?
5. Sue’s lazy, e. hasn’t he?
6. Helen didn’t come to the party, f. had he?
7. You can always trust me, g. do they?
8. Tom won’t mind if I use his phone, h. did she?
9. There are a lot of people here, i. don’t you?
10. This isn’t very interesting, j. can’t you?
11. He’d never met her before, k. were you?
12. You weren’t listening, l. isn’t she?
Unit 2. Present Tenses
Present Simple
Present Simple (настоящее простое время) используется для
выражения:
1. привычки
E.g. I get up at 7 o’clock.
2. общеизвестного факта
E.g. Vegetarians don’t it meat.
3. факта, верного в течение долгого времени
E.g. She works in a bank.
Формы настоящего простого времени.
Утвердительная Вопросительная форма Отрицательная форма
форма
I I I
You ask every day Do you ask every day? You do not ask every day
We we We (don’t)
They they They
He he He
She asks every day Does she ask every day? She does not ask every day
It it It (doesn’t)
Утвердительная форма образуется с помощью инфинитива без
частицы to для всех лиц и чисел, кроме третьего лица единственного
числа: I live near hear.
Вопросительная форма образуется при помощи вспомогательного
глагола do: Where do I live?
Отрицательная форма образуется при помощи вспомогательного
глагола do и отрицательной частицы not: I don’t live near here.
В третьем лице единственного числа к инфинитиву и к
вспомогательному глаголу добавляется окончание - s (-es): He speaks.
Does he speak? He doesn’t speak.
Окончание читается как [s] после глухих согласных: works, asks
как [z] после звонких согласных и гласных: sounds, reads, tries
как [iz] – после s, ss, sh, ch, tch, x: dresses, watches.
Возможные указатели времени –– обстоятельства времени,
такие как: always, usually, often, seldom, sometimes, every day и т.д.
Систему времен английского глагола можно найти в Приложении3. Таб.2
2.1. Закончите предложения, вставляя один из данных в таблице
глаголов.
cause(s) last(s) close(s) drink(s) live(s) leave(s) open(s) cure(s) speak(s)
take(s) place bring(s)
1) Ann ... German very well. 2) I never ... coffee. 3) The swimming pool … at 9
o'clock and … at 18.30 every day. 4) Bad driving … many accidents. 5) My
parents … in a very small flat. 6) The Olympic Games … every four years.7)
My father and I … home at eight o’clock. 8) Time …all things. 9) Each season
of the year … three months and … changes in the year.
2.2. Раскройте скобки, употребив глаголы в настоящем простом
времени.
1. Jane ... (not/drink) tea very often.
2. What time … (the banks/close) in Britain?
3. “Where … (Martin/come) from?” “He's Scottish.”
4. “What … (you/do)?” “I'm an electrical engineer.”
5. It … (take) me an hour to get to work. How long … (it/take) you?
6. I … (play) the piano but I … (not/play) very well.
7. I don't understand this sentence. What … (this word/mean)?
8. The next bus … (leave) at exactly two o’clock.
9. … (you/ever/sleep) past noon?
2.3. Используйте данные в таблице глаголы, чтобы завершить
предложения. Иногда необходимо использовать отрицательную
форму.
believe eat flow go grow make rise tell translate
1) The sun ... round the earth. 2) Rice ... in Britain. 3) The sun … in the
east. 4) Bees … honey. 5) Vegetarians… meat. 6) An atheist … in God. 7) An
interpreter … from one language into another. 8) A liar is someone who … the
truth. 9) The River Amazon … into the Atlantic Ocean.
2.4. Задайте Лизе вопросы. Обратите внимание на образец.
E.g. You know that Liz plays tennis. You want to know how often. Ask her. –– How often
do you play tennis?
1. You know that Liz reads newspaper. You want to know which one.
2. Perhaps Liz's sister plays tennis too. You want to know. Ask Liz.
3. You know that Liz gets up early. You want to know what time.
4. You know that Liz's brother works. You want to know what he does.
5. You know that Liz goes to the cinema a lot. You want to know how often.
Ask her.
6. You don't know where Liz's mother lives. Ask Liz.
7. Perhaps Liz studies languages. You want to know. Ask her.
Present Continuous
Present Continuous (настоящее продолженное время) используется для
выражения:
1. действия, происходящего в данный момент: They are playing football
in the garden.
2. действия, происходящего в настоящее время, но, возможно не в
момент разговора: She’s studying maths at university.
3. мероприятия, запланированного на будущее: I’m meeting Miss Bond at
ten o’clock tomorrow.
Формы настоящего продолженного времени.
Утвердительная форма Вопросительная форма Отрицательная форма
I am reading now Am I reading now? I am not reading now
He he He
She is reading now Is she reading now? She is not reading now
It it It (isn’t)
You you You
We are reading now Are we reading now? We are not reading now
They they They (aren’t)
Утвердительная форма образуется при помощи вспомогательного
глагола to be в настоящем времени и причастия первого (Participle I)
основного глагола: I am speaking. You are speaking. He is speaking.
При образовании вопросительной формы вспомогательный
глагол ставится перед подлежащим: Is he speaking?
При образовании отрицательной формы между вспомогательным и
основным глаголом ставится отрицание not: He is not (isn’t) speaking.
Правописание окончания:
1) Большинство глаголов добавляют окончание непосредственно к
основе: reading, standing.
2) Если глагол оканчивается на - е, то эта буква отбрасывается при
добавлении окончания: coming.
3) Если глагол состоит из одного закрытого слога с краткой гласной и
заканчивающегося на согласную, то конечный согласный при
добавлении окончания удваивается: planning, spinning.
4) В односложных словах с гласным i в корне, i меняется на y: die -
dying, lie - lying.
Возможные указатели времени –– обстоятельства времени, такие как:
now, at present, at the moment и т.д.
(см. Приложение3. Таб.2)
2.5. Используйте глаголы, данные в таблице, в правильной форме,
чтобы закончить предложения.
come get happen look make start stay try work
1) “You ... hard today.” “Yes, I have a lot to do.” 2) I … for Christine. Do
you know where she is? 3) It … dark. Shall I turn on the light?
4) They haven't got anywhere to live at the moment. They … with friends
until they find somewhere.5) “Are you ready, Ann?” “Yes, I …”
6) Have you got an umbrella? It … to rain. 7) You …a lot of noise. Could
you be quieter? I … to concentrate. 8) Why are all these people here?
What …?
2. 6. Раскройте скобки, употребив глаголы в правильной форме.
1. “... this week?” “No, he's on holiday.” (Colin/work)
2. Why … at me like that? What's the matter? (you/look)
3. “Jenny is a student at university.” “Is she? What ...?” (she/study)
4. … to the radio or can I turn it off? (anybody/listen)
5. How is your English? … better? (it/get)
6. Do you know that man? Why … at you? (he/smile)
2. 7. Употребите глаголы в правильной форме. Иногда необходима
отрицательная форма (I'm not doing etc.).
1. I'm tired. I ... (go) to bed now. Goodnight!
2. We can go out now. It ... (rain) any more.
3. “How is your new job?” “Not so good at the moment. I … (enjoy) it
very much.”
4. Catherine phoned me last night. She's on holiday in France. She …
(have) a great time and doesn't want to come back.
5. I want to lose weight, so this week I … (eat) lunch.
6. Angela has just started evening classes. She … (learn) German.
7. I think Paul and Ann have had an argument. They … (speak) to each
other.
2.8. Закончите предложения, употребив глаголы, данные в
таблице в настоящем продолженном времени. Необязательно
использовать все глаголы и, напротив, один и тот же глагол
можно использовать несколько раз.
get change rise fall increase
1) The population of the world ... very fast. 2) Ken is still ill but he …
better slowly. 3) The world … . Things never stay the same. 4) The cost of
living … . Every year things are more expensive. 5) The economic
situation is already very bad and it … worse.
Present Simple and Present Continuous
1. Present Simple передает постоянные действия, а Present
Continuous временные:
E.g. Do you wear a uniform at work?
Why are you wearing that funny hat?
E.g. I live in London.
I am staying with my friends until I find a flat.
2. Present Simple говорит о том, что происходит вообще, а
Present Continuous передает ситуации, происходящие в данный
момент:
E.g. Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.
The water is boiling. Can you turn it off?
What do you do? (What’s your job?)
What are you doing? (at the moment)
3. Present Continuous используется только с глаголами,
обозначающими действие. Есть ряд глаголов, которые действия не
обозначают:

like love hate want need prefer


know be
realize suppose mean understand
believe recognize remember belong
contain consist depend seem

Present Continuous также обычно не употребляется с глаголами,


обозначающими чувства:
see hear smell taste feel
Два глагола нужно запомнить особенно:
Think употребляется в Continuous если он обозначает
размышления: What are you thinking about?
и не употребляется, если имеется в виду мнение человека: What do you
think of that man?
Have не употребляется в Continuous, если он используется в
своем основном значении «иметь, обладать»: We have a lovely house.
Have может употребляться в Continuous в составе устойчивых
выражений, таких как have dinner, have a shower, и т.д.: We are having a
great time. We are having dinner.
2.9. Раскройте скобки, поставив глаголы в правильную форму
(настоящее простое или настоящее продолженное), а наречия на
правильное место в предложении.
1. I … (not/like) getting up in the morning. 2. My brother and I … (get) up
quite early to come to school on time. 3. Our father … (sometimes/drive) us,
but on other days we … (get) the school by bus. 4. We almost ... (never/get)
to the bus stop on time and the bus … (always/wait) when we turn the
corner. 5. The bus driver … (tell) us to hurry up and we … (jump on) the bus.
6. We … (not/go) to school next Monday because it's a holiday. 7. Instead all
the people from my class … (meet) in the mountains for a picnic. 8. I …
(make) a chocolate cake, my friend Joanna … (bring) a salad and the
others ... (bring) meat, bread and soft drinks. 9. Joanna … (ring) me up
every evening and asks, “What we … (have) to do for homework?” 10.
She … (not/listen) when the teacher … (give) us our homework. 11. When
Joanna ... (ring) me up, she … (always/say) “What you … (do)?” 12. And
I … (answer) “I … (talk) to you, silly!”
2.10. Раскройте скобки, поставив глаголы в правильную форму
(настоящее простое или настоящее продолженное).
1. Vegetarians are people who (don't eat / are not eating) meat.
2. Some people still think the sun (goes / is going) round the earth.
3. What (happens / is happening) in golf if you lose the ball?
4. Look! (She wears / She's wearing) the same shoes as me.
5. “What (are you looking / do you look) at?” “A strange bird.”
6. We (usually stay / 're usually staying) with Peggy when we go to Chicago.
7. What (do you do / are you doing) with my coat?
8. Nobody (gets / is getting) up early for fun.
2.11. Сопоставьте вопросы и ответы.
1. What do you do? a. Actually, that's the radio.
2. What are you doing? b. French - she's from Belgium.
3. Where do you work? c. I want to get this car started.
4. Where are you working? d. I'm an architect.
5. Does your son play the violin? e. I'm in Cardiff this week.
6. Is your son playing the violin? f. In a big insurance company.
7. What language does she speak? g. It sounds like Russian.
8. What language is she speaking? h. Me - can I have some more?
9. Who's drinking champagne? i. Me. When I can afford it.
10. Who drinks champagne? j. No. The piano.
Unit 3. Past Tenses
Past Simple
Past Simple (прошедшее простое время) используется для обозначения:
1. действия в прошлом:
The police stopped me on my way home last night.
2. последовательных действий в прошлом:
He came home and switched on TV.
3. повторяющихся действий в прошлом: He went out every day.
Формы простого прошедшего времени:
I, You,
Утвердительная форма He, She, It visited/went yesterday
+ We, They
I, you
Вопросительная формa Did he, she, it visit/go yesterday ?
? we, they
I, You
Отрицательная форма He, She ,It did not visit/go yesterday
- We, They (didn’t)

Past Simple образуется при помощи окончания, которое добавляется к


основе правильных глаголов, и второй формы неправильных глаголов.
Отрицательная и вопросительная формы образуются при помощи
вспомогательного глагола did и начальной формы основного глагола.
Будьте внимательны!
1. Когда сказуемое выражено прошедшей формой глагола to be –
was/were, то этот глагол самостоятельно образует вопросительные и
отрицательные формы предложения:
+ I was tired because I worked much.
? Why were you tired?
- He wasn’t there last week.
2. Когда сказуемое выражено глаголом do, вопросительные и
отрицательные предложения образуются по общим правилам: What did
you do at the weekend? They didn’t do any exercises yesterday.
Возможные указатели времени –– обстоятельства времени, такие как:
yesterday, last week, 2 years ago, in 1973 и т.д.
3.1. Дополните предложения одним из данных в таблице глаголов.
buy catch cost drink fall hurt sell spend teach throw win write
E.g. Mozart wrote more than 600 pieces of music.
1. “How did you learn to drive?” “My father … me.” 2. We couldn't
afford to keep our car, so we … it. 3. I was very thirsty. I … the water very
quickly. 4. Paul and I played tennis yesterday. He's much better than me,
so he … easily. 5. Don … down the stairs this morning and … his leg. 6.
Jim … the ball to Sue, who … it. 7. Ann … a lot of money yesterday. She
… a dress which … £100.
3.2. Один из ваших друзей вернулся из отпуска. Расспросите его об
этом подробнее. Свои вопросы запишите.
E.g. (where/go?) –– Where did you go?
1. (go alone?) 5. (how/travel?)
2. (food/good?) 6. (the weather/fine?)
3. (how long/stay there?) 7. (what/do in the evenings?)
4. (stay / at a hotel?) 8. (meet anybody interesting?)
3.3. Раскройте скобки, поставив глагол в правильную форму,
отрицательную или утвердительную.
E.g. It was warm, so I took off my coat. (take)The film wasn't very good. I didn’t
enjoy it very much. (enjoy)
1. I knew Sarah was very busy, so I… her. (disturb) 2. I was very tired,
so I … to bed early. (go) 3. The bed was very uncomfortable. I… very
well. (sleep) 4. Sue wasn't hungry, so she … anything. (eat). 5. We went to
Kate's house but she … at home. (be). 6. It was a funny situation but
nobody … . (laugh). 7. The window was open and a bird … into the room.
(fly). 8. The hotel wasn't very expensive. It … very much. (cost)
9. I was in a hurry, so I … time to phone you. (have). 10. It was hard
work to carry the bags. They … very heavy. (be).
3.4. Раскройте скобки, поставив глагол в правильном времени
(Present Simple, Present Continuous, Past Simple).
1. I (be) in a hurry now. My friends (wait) for me. 2. You (be) at the theatre
yesterday. You (like) the opera? –– Oh yes, I (enjoy) it greatly. 3. What you
(do) in your spare time? Have you got any hobbies? 4. Mary usually
(phone) me on Sundays but she (not/phone) last Sunday. 5. What (be) the
matter with her? She (be) so excited. –– I (not/know). 6. What’s the noise?
What (happen)? 7. It (be) usually dry here at this time of the year. It
(not/rain) much. 8. When I first (tell) Tom the news, he (not/believe) me.
He thought it (be) a joke.
Past Continuous
Past Continuous (прошедшее продолженное время) используется
для выражения:
1. действия, происходившего в определенный момент в прошлом,
который обозначен либо обстоятельством времени, либо другим
действием в прошлом. При этом ни начало, ни конец действия не
известны:
What were you doing at ten o’clock yesterday? I was writing a letter when you came.
2. длительного действия, протекавшего в определенный период
времени в прошлом (from six to seven, the whole day yesterday и т.д.): It
was raining the whole day yesterday.
3. одновременных действий, протекавших в прошлом в один и тот же
момент: The children were playing in the garden while their mother was
cooking dinner.
Формы прошедшего продолженного времени:
I
Утвердительная форма He, She, It was reading when he came

+ You
We were reading when he came
They
I
Вопросительная форма Was he, she, it reading when he came ?
you
? Were we reading when he came ?
they
I (wasn’t)
Отрицательная форма He, She, It was not reading when he came
You
- We were reading when he came
They (weren’t)
Past Continuous образуется при помощи вспомогательного
глагола was/were и причастия настоящего времени (Participle I)
основного глагола. В вопросительных предложениях вспомогательный
глагол ставится перед подлежащим. В отрицательных предложениях
перед основным глаголом ставится частица not.
Возможные указатели времени –– at 7 o’clock, at that moment, then и
т.д. Придаточные предложения с Past Continuous обычно вводятся
союзом while ( в то время как), а так же when (когда).
3.5. Анна и Питер вчера сдавали экзамен. Анна сдала успешно, а
Питер – нет. Что же делал Питер вчера, пока (while) Анна
готовилась к экзамену? Составьте предложения в Past Continuous.
E.g. Ann/ work/ in the library/ Pete/ listen/ to/ the records –– While Ann was working
at the library, Pete was listening to the records.
1. Ann/ revise for an exam/ Pete/ walk along the streets.
2. She/ read a textbook/ Pete/play/ computer games.
3. Ann/ learn the terms/ Pete and his friends/ play football.
4. Ann/ gather information for a report/ Pete and his girl friend/ sit in a café.
5. She/ do sums/ he/ sleep.
3.6. Мистер Браун вернулся вчера рано. Составьте предложения в
Past Continuous о том, что делала его семья в тот момент, когда он
вернулся.
When father came home yesterday…
E.g. Robert/not sit at home/take the dog for a walk. –– Robert wasn’t sitting at home.
He was taking the dog for a walk.
1. Jane/ not watch a film on TV/ clear up the mess.
2. The twins/ not listen to music/ do the washing up.
3. His wife/ not cook a meal/ read magazines.
4. Granny/ not talk to her friend/ have a shower.
5. Amy/ not put on make-up/ try on a new dress.
3.7. Закончите предложения в Past Continuous.
1. Tom burnt his hand while he …
2. The doorbell rang while I…
3. We saw an accident while we …
4. Mary fell asleep while she …
5. The television was on but nobody …
3.8. Задайте вопросы к подчеркнутым словам.
E.g. Mr. Smith is speaking on the phone in his office now. –– Where is Mr. Smith
speaking on the phone now?
1. Everyone was having a good time when suddenly forty uninvited guests
arrived.
2. These paintings belong to somebody.
3. She is writing an essay at the moment.
4. We have our English classes three times a week.
5. I went to the shop to buy some coffee.
6. Yuet Tung came to the USA from Hong Kong.
7. She likes cooking.
8. James can speak four languages.
Past Simple and Past Continuous
1. Past Simple описывает факты: Mozart was an Austrian composer.
2. Past Continuous описывает действие в развитии, которое может быть
прервано: I was walking home when I met Dave.
3. Past Continuous описывает сцену, а Past Simple действие: When I
woke up in the morning the sun was shining, the birds were singing.
4. Past Continuous спрашивает о том. что было раньше, а Past Simple о
том, что произошло после: I was walking home when I saw Dave. So I
stopped and we had a chat.
5. Past Simple описывает постоянные ситуации, а Past Continuous
временные: My head was aching, so I went home. When I was a child I
played the violin.
Формы прошедшего простого и
прошедшего продолженного времени:

Past Simple Past Continuous


формаОтрицательная формаВопросительная Утвердительная форма

I I
You He
He She was reading when he came
She visited/went yesterday It
It You
We We were reading when he came
They They

I I
you he
he Was she reading when he came?
Did she visit/go yesterday? it
it you
we Were we reading when he came?
they they

I I
You He
He She was not reading when he came
She did not visit/go yesterday It (wasn’t)
It (didn’t) We
We You were not reading when I came
They They (weren’t)
3.9. Раскройте скобки, поставив глаголы в правильную форму (Past
Simple, Past Continuous).
Last night a friend of mine … (1.celebrate) his birthday. When I … (2.
arrive), I … (3. see) that his flat … (4. be) full of guests. I … (5. enter) the
sitting room. Some boys and girls … (6. dance). Several guests … (7. sing)
a merry song and the host … (8. play) the piano. A group of girls … (9.
listen) to music and other people … (10. watch) television. The guests …
(11. enjoy) the feast when I left. I had a very good time last night.
3.10. Раскройте скобки, поставив глаголы в правильную форму (Past
Simple, Past Continuous).
1. … you … (go) shopping last Saturday? –– Yes, I … and I (buy) all the
things you told me to buy. 2. Jane … (do) shopping while I … (do) the room.
3. … you … (play) football yesterday? –– No, we … not. It … (rain). 4. We
… (play) football when a thunderstorm … (begin).
5. When I … (take) the dog out yesterday evening, I … (meet) an old friend
of mine. He … (hurry) to his sports club.
6. When … your brother (come) home last Thursday? –– He … (not come)
on Thursday. He … (stay) in the country.
7. When my brother … (come) home at 7 o’clock last Thursday he … (fall)
down and (break) his leg.
8. … you (visit) your grandma last week? –– No, I … not. I … (prepare)for
my exam.
9. We … (stay) with our grandma when her American guests (arrive).
3.11. Раскройте скобки, поставив глаголы в правильную форму (Past
Simple, Past Continuous).
E.g. Jane was waiting (wait) for me when I arrived (arrive).
1. “What … (you/do) this time yesterday?” “I was asleep.”
2. “… (you/go) out last night?” “No, I was too tired.”
3. “Was Carol at the party last night?” “Yes, she … (wear) a really nice
dress.”
4. How fast … (you/drive) when the accident … (happen)?
5. John … (take) a photograph of me while I … (not/look).
6. We were in a very difficult position. We … (not/know) what to do.
7. I haven’t seen Alan for ages. When I last … (see) him, he … (try) to
find a job in London.
8. I ... (walk) along the street when suddenly I … (hear) footsteps behind
me. Somebody … (follow) me. I was frightened and I … (start) to run.
9. When I was young, I ... (want) to be a bus driver.
Unit 4. Quantity
Выражения количества
Much and many
Much (много) употребляется с неисчисляемыми существительными в
вопросительных и отрицательных предложениях: How much money have
you got? There isn’t much milk left.
Many (много) употребляется с исчисляемыми существительными в
вопросительных и отрицательных предложениях: How many people were
at the party? I didn’t take many photos on holiday.
A Lot/ lots of
A Lot/ lots of (много) употребляется как с неисчисляемыми, так и с
исчисляемыми существительными в повествовательных предложениях:
There’s a lot of bread on the table.

Some and any


(некоторое количество)
some any
1. в утвердительных предложениях:1. в утвердительных предложениях в
E.g. I’d like some sugar. значении «любой, не важно какой»:
E.g. You may take any book you like.
2. в вопросительных предложениях, 2. в вопросительных и
если они выражают просьбу или отрицательных предложениях:
предложение: E.g. Is there any sugar in this tea?
E.g. Can I have some cake? I didn’t buy any apples.
Would you like some tea?

A few and a little


A few (несколько, достаточно) употребляется с исчисляемыми
существительными: There are a few oranges left.
A little (немного, достаточно) употребляется с неисчисляемыми
существительными: Can you give me a little help?
(см.Приложение3.Таб.3)
4.1. Вставьте much, many, few or little.
1. He isn't very popular. He has ... friends.
2. Ann is very busy these days. She has … free time.
3. Did you take … photographs when you were on holiday?
4. I'm not very busy today. I haven't got … to do.
5. The museum was very crowded. There were too … people.
6. Most of the town is modern. There are … old buildings.
7. The weather has been very dry recently. We've had … rain.
4.2. Вставьте little / a little / few / a few.
1. We must be quick. We have ... little ... time.
2. Listen carefully. I'm going to give you … advice.
3. Do you mind if I ask you … questions?
4. This town is not a very interesting place to visit, so … tourists come here.
5. I don't think Jill would be a good teacher. She's got … patience.
6. 'Would you like … milk in your coffee?' 'Yes, please '
7. This is a very boring place to live. There's … to do.
8. 'Have you ever been to Paris?' 'Yes, I've been there … times.'
4.3. Дополните предложения some or any.
1. We didn't buy ... flowers.
2. This evening I'm going out with … friends of mine.
3. 'Have you seen ... good films recently?' 'No, I haven't been to the cinema
for ages.'4. I didn't have … money, so I had to borrow …
5. Can I have … milk in my coffee, please?
6. I was too tired to do … work.
7. You can cash these traveller's cheques at ... bank.
8. Can you give me ... information about places of interest in the town?
9. With the special tourist train ticket, you can travel on … train you like.
10. If there are … words you don't understand, use a dictionary.
4.4. Complete the sentences with some- or any- + -body/-thing/-where.
1. I was too surprised to say ... .
2. There's … at the door. Can you go and see who it is?
3. Does … mind if I open the window?
4. I wasn't feeling hungry, so I didn't eat … .
5. You must be hungry. Would you like … to eat?
6. Quick, let's go! There's … coming and I don't want … to see us.
7. Sally was upset about … and refused to talk to … .
8. This machine is very easy to use. … can learn to use it in a short time.
9. There was hardly … on the beach. It was almost deserted.
10. 'Do you live … near Jim?' 'No, he lives in another part of town.'
Articles Артикли
Артикль – это часть речи, которая уточняет значение существительного, но
собственного значения не имеет и на русский язык не переводится. Существует
три артикля: определенный, неопределенный и нулевой.

Неопределенный артикль имеет форму a перед существительными,


начинающимися с согласной: a plate, и форму an перед существительными,
начинающимися с гласной: an apple. Неопределенный артикль употребляется
только с исчисляемыми существительными в единственном числе. Он
представляет предмет как один из класса ему подобных: This is a pen.
Неопределенный артикль употребляется если предмет упоминается в разговоре
или повествовании впервые с существительными, не имеющими определения,
или имеющими определения описательного характера: Yesterday I met a beautiful
girl in the club.
Неопределенный артикль используется:
1. С названиями профессий: I am a student.
2. С выражениями количества: a few, a little, a dozen, a pair, a lot of.
3. В восклицательных предложениях с исчисляемыми существительными: What a
lovely day! What a shame!

Определенный артикль произносится как [ði:] перед словом, начинающимся с


гласной, и как [ðe] перед словом, начинающимся с согласной. Определенный
артикль употребляется перед любым нарицательным существительным в
единственном или множественном числе, если оно уже известно слушающему:
She has a house. The house is nice.
Определенный артикль используется:
1. Если предмет единственный в своём роде: The sun, the moon, the Queen, the
President.
2. Перед прилагательными в превосходной степени и количественными
числительными: He is the richest man in the world. She lives on the third floor.

Нулевой артикль употребляется перед неисчисляемыми существительными,


обозначающими вещество или абстрактное понятие: There is milk in the cup. She
looked at her child with kindness and love.
Нулевой артикль используется:
1. Перед исчисляемыми существительными во множественном числе, о которых
слушателю неизвестно: There were boys and girls in the classroom.
2. В восклицательных предложениях с неисчисляемыми существительными:
What nasty weather!
3. Для обозначения времени принятия пищи: I always have coffee for breakfast.
4. Способ передвижения: by car, by bus, on foot.
5. В ряде устойчивых сочетаний:
at home, in/to bed, at/to work, at/to school, at/to university, in/to hospital, at peace, at
war, at table, by chance, by heart, by mistake, by means of, on time
4.5. Закончите предложения, вставляя артикли a, an, the где
необходимо.
1. Could you turn on __ television, please?
2. It's __ best film I have seen for ages.
3. Could I borrow __ piece of paper to make notes on?
4. Is that __new carpet you were telling me about?
5. We're going to __ Kenya at Christmas.
6. Would you like to see __ photos I took on holiday?
7. They tell me that __ honesty is the best policy.
8. She said that __ carrots were her favourite vegetable.
9. Sometimes I wish __ telephone had never been invented.
10. Look at __ sea. Isn't it beautiful?
4.6. Закончите предложения, вставляя артикли a, an, the где
необходимо.
1. __ tennis is my favourite sport. I play once or twice __ week if I can, but
I’m not __ very good player.
2. I won’t be home for __ dinner this evening. I’m meeting some friends
after __ work and we’re going to __ cinema.
3. There was __ accident as I was going __ home last night.
4. A: What’s __ name of __ hotel where you’re staying? B: __ Imperial. It’s
in __ Queen Street in __ city centre. It’s near __ station.
5. I’ve two brothers. __ older one is training to be __ pilot with __ British
Airways. __ younger one is still at __ school. When he leaves __ school, he
hopes to go to __ university to study __ Law.
4.7. Найдите шесть ошибок употребления артиклей (a/an or the) и
исправьте их.
1. Sun rises in the east and sets in the west.
2. That's the car I mentioned before.
3. Put those plates in a washing-up bowl, will you.
4. He's most arrogant man I have ever met.
5. I'd like a glass of wine and a few olives, please.
6. The weather has been marvelous recently.
7. Money has been the cause of a lot of our problems.
8. Australia was everything I imagined it would be.
9. Would you mind if I took car to work today?
10. We're thinking of going to cinema tonight.
11. Are you going to take dog for a walk?
12. Let's go for a drive in country.
С именами собственными может употребляться либо нулевой, либо
определенный артикль в зависимости от значения существительного.
определенный артикль нулевой артикль
1. Названия океанов, морей, С названиями заливов: Hudson
озер, рек, проливов и кораблей: Bay.
the Pacific Ocean, the Baltic Sea, Со словом «озеро» Lake Ontario
The English Channel, the Volga,
the Ontario, the Titanic.
2. Названия горных цепей, С названиями островов, горных
групп островов, пустынь: вершин: Cuba, Elbrus.
The Urals, the British Isles, the
Sahara.
3. Названия городских С названиями аэропортов,
учреждений (театров, музеев, вокзалов, улиц, парков,
гостиниц, банков): площадей: Oxford Street, Central
the Hermitage, the Savoy, the Park, Trafalgar Square, London
Bolshoi Theatre. Airport, Victoria Station.
4. Названия государственных С названиями авиалиний,
учреждений и организаций: компаний:
the Supreme Court Fiat Sony Kodak British Airways
IBM
5. Названия англоязычных Названия англоязычных
газет: журналов:
the Times I bought Cosmopolitan yesterday.
6. С составными названиями С названиями городов,
стран и географическими континентов, стран, штатов,
названиями во множественном регионов: Paris, Australia,
числе: the United states of France, Texas, Tuscany.
America, the Philippines,
7. В словосочетаниях с Словосочетания с названием
предлогом of: города:
the University of London. London University London Zoo
8. C именами людей во С именами людей, титулами,
множественном числе: the рангами, словами,
Johnsons. обозначающими семейные
отношения и общественное
положение: John. Doctor Brown,
Miss Smith, Aunt Polly, Captain
White, professor Higgins.
4.8. Вставьте определенный артикль (the)где необходимо.
1. I was ill, so I went to see … doctor. 2. ... President is the most powerful
person in … United States. 3. … President Kennedy was assassinated in
1963. 4. Do you know … Wilsons? They're a very nice couple. 5. Do you
know Professor … Brown's phone number?
4.9. В некоторых предложениях ошибочно пропущен определенный
артикль (the). Исправьте предложение, если это необходимо, если
предложение правильное, напишите right.
1 Everest was first climbed in 1953. 2. Milan is in north of Italy. 3. Africa is
much larger than Europe. 4. Last year 1 visited Mexico and United States.
5. South of England is warmer than north. 6. Portugal is in western Europe.
7. France and Britain are separated by Channel. 8. Jim has travelled a lot in
Middle East. 9. Chicago is on Lake Michigan. 10. The highest mountain in
Africa is Kilimanjaro (5,895 metres)…
4.10. Проверьте, хорошо ли вы знаете географию.
1.Where is Argentina?...2. Which is the longest river in Africa?. 3. Which
country is Stockholm the capital? 4. Which country is Washington the
capital? 5. What is the name of the mountain range in the west of North
America? 6. What is the name of the sea between Africa and Europe?. 7.
Which is the smallest continent in the world? 8. What is the name of the
ocean between America and Asia?.9. What is the name of the ocean between
Africa and Australia? 10. Which river flows through London?
4.11. Выберите правильную форму.
1. Have you ever been to British Museum / the British Museum, (the...
is correct)
2. Hyde Park / The Hyde Park is a very large park in central London.
3. Another park in central London is St James's Park / the St James's
Park.
4. Grand Hotel / The Grand Hotel is in Baker Street / the Baker Street.
5. We flew to New York from Gatwick Airport / the Gatwick Airport
near London.
6. Frank is a student at Liverpool University / the Liverpool University.
7. If you're looking for a good clothes shop, 1 would recommend
Harrison's / the Harrison's.
8. If you're looking for a good pub, I would recommend Ship Inn / the
Ship Inn.
9. Statue of Liberty / The Statue of Liberty is at the entrance to New
York harbour / the New York harbour.
10 . You should go to Science Museum / the Science Museum. It's very
interesting.
Unit 5. Verb+to/ Verb+ing
I Что такое Verb Patterns?
Речь идет о связях сказуемого в предложении. Как в русском, так
и в английском предложении в качестве прямого дополнения после
сказуемого обычно выступает имя существительное или местоимение.
E.g. I saw her yesterday. – Я видел её вчера.
Эту же функцию в русском предложении может выполнять инфинитив
(начальная форма глагола).
Напр.: Она попросила перезвонить позже.
В английском языке большинство глаголов тоже требуют после себя
инфинитива в качестве прямого дополнения. Следует отметить, что в
английском языке инфинитив, как правило, употребляется с частицей
to: E.g. I want to buy a new car.
She promised to come in time.
Конструкция verb + to…(infinitive) встречается в том случае,
когда глагол, выполняющий функцию прямого дополнения, стоит после
следующих глаголов:
choose promise help want
decide manage hope agree
forget need try refuse
E.g. I agreed to lend him money.
We decided not to go out because of the weather.
Инфинитив также употребляется после выражений be going и be able:
E.g. He is going to be a doctor.
Без частицы to инфинитив употребляется:
- после модальных глаголов can/could, may/might, must, should;
- после вспомогательных глаголов will/would, do/don’t, does/doesn’t:
E.g. She can dance well.
Однако есть ряд глаголов, после которых в качестве прямого
дополнения употребляется –ing –форма:
like enjoy stop
dislike hate mind
love finish suggest
E.g. Would you mind closing the window?
После глаголов begin start continue может употребляться как
герундий, так и инфинитив, напр.:
Ann began to sing her favourite song.
Ann began singing in her early years.
5.1. Заполните пропуски инфинитивом данных ниже глаголов с
частичкой to или без.
be open leave eat hear buy have help take get see go
1. “What time do you want … the house?” “At about 8.”
2. I’ve saved enough money. Now I can … that house.
3. I’m too tired to walk home. I’ll … a taxi.
4. It was a nice day, so we decided … for a walk.
5. I wonder where Sue is. She promised not … late.
6. Could you …the door, please?
7. There was a lot of traffic, but we managed … to the airport in time.
8. I’m not good at writing an essay, so she agreed … me with it.
9. I was feeling ill yesterday. I couldn’t … anything.
10. They insisted that we should … dinner with them.
11. I hope … from you soon. Best wishes, Peter.
12. He is very busy, so I don’t think he will be able … us next week.

5.2. Раскройте скобки и поставьте глаголы в правильную форму.


1. I enjoy … (visit) other countries.
2. What have you decided … (do)?
3. I’m trying …(work). Please stop … (talk).
4. Have you finished … (clean) the kitchen?
5. The weather was nice, so I suggested … (have) a walk.
6. I’m tired. I want … (go) to bed immediately.
7. Don’t forget … (send) me a postcard when you’re on holiday.
8. Do you really enjoy … (read) books?
9. I don’t mind … (travel) by train but I hate … (fly).
10. We invited Jane to the party but she didn’t want … (come).
11. Chris loves … (act). He hopes … (be) famous one day.
12. You must stop … (work) long hours. It’s bad for you.
13. They were very angry and refused … (speak) to me.
14. Why did you start … (cry)?
15. Will you … (buy) some more vegetables?
16. I can’t … (see) you on Saturday. I promised … (take) my children to the
circus.
17. I began … (learn) English when I was seven.
II Некоторые случаи употребления –ing –формы.
Только –ing –форма употребляется после:
1) составных глаголов, таких как: go on, keep on, give up, put off, etc.,
E.g. We can’t go on living like this! – Мы не можем продолжать жить
так!
2) любого глагола, имеющего после себя предлог: depend on, look
forward to, think of, etc.,
E.g. We all looked forward to going to the South. – Мы все с нетерпением
ждали поездки на юг.
3) прилагательных с фиксированным предлогом: be afraid of, be fond of,
be interested in, be worth of, feel like, etc.,
E.g. I am afraid of speaking to him. – Я боюсь разговаривать с ним.
4) после предлогов after, before, besides, on, without, instead of,
E.g. Besides learning French Ann is fond of ancient literature. – Помимо
изучения французского языка, Анна увлекается античной литературой.

III Like doing / would like to do.


Like doing и love doing указывает на то, что мы любим делать вообще.
E.g. I love dancing. – Я люблю танцевать.
Jack likes fishing.- Джек любит рыбачить.

Would like to do/ would love to do указывает на то, что мы


предпочитаем делать в данный момент или в какой-либо конкретный
момент.
E.g. I’d love to have my own business. – Я бы хотел иметь своё
собственное дело.
I’d like all the people in the world to be happy. – Я бы хотел, чтобы все
люди в мире были счастливы.

IV Go swimming/go fishing
Конструкция go –ing употребляется для выражения различных видов
деятельности (особенно видов спорта): go swimming, go sailing, go
skiing, go jogging, go shopping, go sightseeing, etc.,
E.g. I’d like to go skiing. – Я бы хотел покататься на лыжах.
When did you last go shopping? – Когда ты последний раз делала
покупки?
5.3. Закончите предложения так, чтобы они были синонимичны
данным в скобках.
E.g. (Why is it useful to have a car?) What are the advantages of having a
car?
1. (Helen has a good memory for names.) Helen is good at _____
2. (We didn’t eat at home. We went to a restaurant instead.) Instead of ____
3. (Tom thinks that working is better than doing nothing.) Tom prefers
working to ____
4. (They got married. They didn’t tell any of their friends.) They got married
without _____
5. (Our team played well but we lost the game.) Our team lost the game in
spite of ____
6. (Carol wants to leave school soon.) Carol is looking forward to ____
7. (Do you want to play tennis tomorrow?) How about ____?
8. (I phoned Sarah. Then I went out.) I phoned Sarah before ____
9. (I had the same job for ten years and I felt I needed a change.) I felt I
needed a change after ____

5.4. Закончите предложения одним из данных ниже глаголов в


правильной форме.
escape go interrupt solve cause see spend come help
E.g. Do you feel like going out this evening?
1. It took us a long time but we finally succeeded in ____ the problem.
2. Where are you thinking of ____ your holiday this year?
3. Forgive me for ____ you but may I ask you something?
4. The driver of the other car accused me of ____ the accident.
5. The guards weren’t able to prevent the prisoner from ____.
6. I wanted to cook the meal myself but Dave insisted on ____ me.
7. Mrs. Bond thanked Sue for ____ to see her.
8. The film isn’t very interesting. It’s not worth ____ it.

5.5. Поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках в правильную форму (to…


или -ing).
1. I like your house. Do you like ____ (live) here?
2. What would you like ____(do) this evening?
3. I’d love ____ (help) you but it’s impossible.
4. I travel a lot. I love ____ (travel).
5. My brother is a teacher but he doesn’t like ___ (teach) very much.
6. This ring is very beautiful. I’d hate ____ (lose) it.
Future forms
Способы выражения будущего времени
Future Simple образуется при помощи вспомогательного
модального глагола will для всех лиц и чисел и инфинитива основного
глагола без частицы to. В вопросах вспомогательный глагол ставится
перед подлежащим. Отрицательная форма образуется при помощи
частицы not, в разговорной речи употребляется сокращенная форма
won’t.
Примечание: считается невежливым на просьбы отвечать I won’t. В
этом случае говорят I’m afraid I can’t.
I
Утвердительная You
форма He (She, It) will read tomorrow
We
+ They
I
Вопросительная you
форма he (she, it)
Will we read tomorrow?
? they
Отрицательная I
форма You
He (She, It) will not read tomorrow
- We (won’t)
They
Future Simple употребляется :
1. Для выражения будущего решения или намерения принятого в
момент разговора: I’ll give you my phone number.
2. Для выражения предложения, просьбы, обещания: I’ll give you a lift.
3. После глаголов, выражающих мнение человека:
think, expect, wonder, to be sure: I wonder what will happen?
Оборот going to образуется при помощи вспомогательного глагола to
be+going+to+инфинитива основного глагола. В вопросительных
предложениях вспомогательный глагол ставится перед подлежащим.
Оборот используется для выражения будущих решений, намерений или
планов, принятых до разговора: She’s going to have a birthday party.

Примечание: Present Continuous также может быть использован в этом случае,


особенно с глаголами go и come: She’s coming on Friday.
2. Когда, исходя из ситуации, мы можем предположить или предсказать то, что
произойдет в будущем: Look at these clouds! It’s going to rain.
5.6. Закончите предложения одним из данных ниже словосочета ний.
Поставьте глаголы в правильную форму.
go skiing go shopping go swimming go sailing go riding go
sightseeing
E.g. Barry lives by the sea and he’s got a boat, so he often goes sailing.
1. There’s plenty of snow in the mountains so we’ll be able to ____ .
2. It was a very hot day, so we ____in the river.
3. Margaret has two horses. She often ____ .
4. The shops are shut now. It’s too late to ____.
5. If you are interested in historical places we can ____ .

5.7. Закончите предложения, используя will ('11) или going to.


1. A: Why are you turning on the television? B: ___ the news. (I/watch)
1. A: Oh, I've just realized. I haven't got any money. B: Haven't you?
Well, don't worry. ____you some. (I/lend)
3. A: I've got a headache. B: Have you? Wait there and ____ an aspirin for
you. (I/get)
4. A: Why are you filling that bucket with water? B: ____ the car. (I/wash)
5. A: I've decided to repaint this room. B: Oh, have you? What colour
____ it? (you/paint)
6. A: Where are you going? Are you going shopping? B: Yes, ____
something for dinner. (I/buy)
7. A: I don't know how to use this camera. B: It's quite easy ____ you.
(I/show)
8. A: What would you like to eat? B: _____ a sandwich, please. (I/have)
9. A: Did you post that letter for me? B: Oh, I'm sorry. I completely
forgot. ____ it now. (I/do)
10. A: The ceiling in this room doesn't look very safe, does it?
B: No, it looks as if ____ down. (it/fall)
11. A: Has George decided what to do when he leaves school?
B: Oh, yes. Everything is planned. ____ a holiday for a few weeks and
then ____ a computer programming course. (he/have, he/do)
Unit 6. Comparison
Степени сравнения прилагательных
Прилагательные имеют три степени сравнения: положительную,
сравнительную и превосходную.
1. Прилагательные, состоящие из одного слога, образуют степени
сравнения суффиксальным способом, сравнительная степень
образуется при помощи суффикса –er , а превосходная – при помощи
суффикса –est и определенного артикля: cold – colder – the coldest.
2. Прилагательные, состоящие из двух и более слогов, образуют
степени сравнения при помощи слов more и the most:
interesting – more interesting – the most interesting.
3. Двусложные прилагательные, имеющие окончания -y, -er, -ow, -le,
тоже присоединяют суффиксы:
easy – easier – the easiest; clever – cleverer – the cleverest
narrow – narrower – the narrowest; simple – simpler – the simplest.
Положитель Сравнительн. Превосходн.
н. (comparative) (superlative)
(positive)
A - -er -est
Односложн. low lower lowest
прилагат. nice nicer nicest
hot hotter hottest
Двусложн.
прилагат. на:1) -y pretty prettier prettiest
2) -ow narrow narrower narrowest
3) -le simple simpler simplest
4) -er clever cleverer cleverest
B - more … most …
Многослож. useful more useful most useful
прилагат. terrible more terrible most terrible
Исключения good better best
bad worse worst
little less least
much/many more most
Правила правописания:
1. -y меняется на i после согласной и не меняется после гласной::
wealthy – wealthier – wealthiest.
2. -e опускается: large –larger – largest.
3. Согласная удваивается в односложных прилагательных после
краткого гласного: big – bigger – the biggest.
6.1. Закончите предложения сравнительной степенью
противоположного по значению прилагательного.
E.g. It’s too noisy here. Can we go somewhere quieter?
1. This coffee is very weak. I like it a bit ____
2. The hotel was surprisingly big. I expected it to be ____.
3. The hotel was surprisingly cheap. I expected it to be ____.
4. The weather is too cold in this country. I’d like to live somewhere ____.
5. My job is a bit boring sometimes. I’d like to do something ____.
6. I was surprised how easy it was to use the computer. I thought it would be __.
7. Don’t worry. The situation isn’t so bad. It could be ____.
8. You were a bit depressed yesterday but you look ____ today.
9. I was surprised we got here so quickly. I expected the journey to take ____.
6.2. Закончите предложения сравнительной степенью одного из
прилагательных, данных в таблице.
big crowded early easy high important interested peaceful reliable
thin serious simple
E.g. I felt tired last night, so I went to bed earlier than usual.
1. I’d like to have a ____ car. The one I have got keeps breaking down.
2. Unfortunately her illness was ____ than we thought at first.
3. You look ____. Have you lost weight?
4. I want a ____flat. We don’t have enough space here.
5. He doesn’t study very hard. He’s ____ in having a good time.
6. Health and happiness are ____ money.
7. The instructions were very complicated. They could have been ____.
8. There were a lot of people in the bus. It was ____ usual.
9. I like living in the countryside. It’s ____ than living in a town.
10. You’ll find your way around the town ____ if you have a good map.
11. In some parts of the country, prices are ____ than in others.
6.3. Дополните предложения сравнительной или превосходной
степенью прилагательных, данных в скобках.
1. The United States is very large but Canada is ____ . (large)
2. What’s ____ river in the world? (long)
3. He was a bit depressed yesterday but he looks ____ today. (happy)
4. It was an awful day ____ of my life. (bad)
5. What is ____ sport in your country? (popular)
6. Everest is ____ mountain in the world. It is ____ than other mountains. (high).
7. We had a great holiday. It was one of the ____ holidays we’ve ever had.
(enjoyable) 8. I prefer this chair to the other one. It’s ____. (comfortable)
9. What’s ____ way of getting from here to the station? (quick)
4. Прилагательные old и far образуют степени сравнения двумя
способами.
old – older – the oldest (старый и старший, о возрасте):
E.g. He is older than his brother.
old – elder – the eldest
E.g. My elder brother is a doctor.
Оба варианта elder или older возможны когда речь идет о членах одной
семьи. Однако, нельзя сказать “somebody is elder…”
E.g. My brother is older than me.

far – farther – the farthest (о расстоянии):


E.g. His house is farther from school than mine.
far - further – the furthest ( в значении «дальнейший»): further education
– дальнейшее образование; further improvement – дальнейшее
улучшение, etc.:
E.g. Further in his speech the President mentioned some economical
questions.

5.Следующие вспомогательные слова могут участвовать в сравнении:


than (чем) в сравнительной степени:
E.g. He is younger than Tom.
much в сравнительной степени в значении гораздо, намного:
E.g. She’s much nicer than her sister.
as…as (такой … как) для сравнения равных объектов:
E.g. Jim is as tall as Peter.
not as/ so…as (не такой …как) для сравнения неравных объектов:
E.g. He is not as tall as his father.
4. Конструкция чем …тем… может быть переведена на английский
язык прилагательным в сравнительной степени сравнения, перед
которым стоит определённый артикль.
E.g. The more expensive the hotel is, the better the service is. – Чем
дороже гостиница, тем лучше сервис.
The more I thought about the plan, the less I liked it.- Чем больше я думал
о плане, тем меньше он мне нравился.
6.4. Сделайте каждую пару предложений синонимичными, вставив в
каждое второе предложение пропущенное слово.
1. My father is the hardest-working person I know. No one I know works as
… as my father.
2. I've never met such an intelligent person. She is ... person I've ever met.
3. We don't have as much money as they do. They have … money than we
do.
4. Simon is much older than I am. I am as … as Simon.
5. I can't play tennis as well as she can. She plays tennis … I can.
6.5. Закончите предложения, выбрав правильный вариант. (Иногда
оба варианта возможны).
1. Tom looks older / elder than he really is.
2. My older /elder brother is a pilot.
3. I’m surprised Diane is only 25. I thought she was older /elder.
4. Ann’s younger sister is still at school. Her older /elder sister is a nurse.
5. Martin is older /elder than his brother.
6.6. Перефразируйте предложения, используя конструкцию as …as…
E.g. I’m quite tall but you are taller. I’m not as tall as you.
1. My salary is high but yours is higher. My salary isn’t …
2. You know a bit about cars but I know more. You don’t …
3. It’s still cold but it was colder yesterday. It isn’t …
4. I still feel a bit tired but I felt a lot more tired yesterday. I don’t …
5. They’ve live here for quite a long time but we’ve lived here longer. They
haven’t …
6.7. Закончите предложения с помощью than …или as….
E.g. I can’t reach as high as you. You are taller than me.
1. He doesn’t know much. You know more … .
2. I don’t work particularly hard. Most people work as hard … .
3. We were very surprised. Nobody was more surprised … .
4. She’s not a very good player. I’m a better player … .
5. They’ve been very lucky. I wish we were as lucky … .
6.8. Закончите предложения словами в скобках в правильной форме.
Обратите внимание на образец.
E.g. I like warm weather. The warmer the weather, the better I feel. (feel).
1. I didn’t really like him when we first met. But the more I got to know him,
… . ( much / like) 2. If you’re in business, you want to make a profit. The
more goods you sell, … . (high / profit) 3. It’s hard to concentrate when
you’re tired. The more tired you are, … (hard) 4. He had to wait long. The
longer he waited, … . (impatient / become)
Unit 7. Present Perfect and Past Simple
Present Perfect (настоящее завершенное) образуется при помощи
вспомогательного глагола to have и прошедшего причастия (Participle II)
основного глагола. В вопросительной форме вспомогательный глагол
ставится перед подлежащим. В отрицательной форме частица not
ставится после вспомогательного глагола.
I (We) , You have just seen/visited
Утвердительная They
форма He (She) has just seen/visited
+ It
Вопросительная I (We)
форма Have You, They just seen/visited ?
? Has he,she, it just seen/visited ?
Отрицательная I ,We, You have not just seen/visited
форма They (haven’t)
- He (She) has not just seen/visited
It (hasn’t)
Present Perfect употребляется:
1. для выражения действия в прошлом с результатом в
настоящем: Where is your key? – I’ve lost it. (сейчас у меня его нет).
2. для сообщения о недавнем происшествии: Oh, I’ve cut my finger.
Следующие наречия часто сопровождают такое употребление:
just – только что: I’ve just had lunch.
already – уже (употребляется только в повествовательных
предложениях, обычно ставится между вспомогательным и смысловым
глаголами): I’ve already posted the letter.
yet – еще, уже (употребляется в вопросительных и отрицательных
предложениях): I haven’t seen him yet. Have you had dinner yet?
3. Когда мы говорим о периоде времени, продолжающемся от прошлого
до настоящего, обычно имеется в виду жизненный опыт человека:
Have you ever been to China?
Следующие наречия часто сопровождают такое употребление:
ever, never, recently, lately, so far, for two years, since breakfast.
4. Когда период времени еще не закончился к моменту говорения:
I’ve had four cups of coffee today.
Примечание: обратите внимание на разницу между выражениями have been и
have gone: Jim has gone to Spain.(он сейчас там)
Jim has been to Spain. (побывал и вернулся).
7.1. Вы пишите письмо своему другу. Используя время Present Perfect,
сообщите о том, что произошло с вами и с другими людьми.
Dear Chris,
Lots of things have happened since I last wrote to you.
1. I / buy / a new car ... .
2. My father / start / a new job … .
2. I/give up/smoking … .
3. Charles and Sarah/go/to Brazil … .
4. Suzanne / have / a baby … .
7.2. Напишите о том, что произошло, поставив глаголы, данные в
таблице, в Present Perfect.
arrive break go up grow improve lose
1. Mike is looking for his key. He can't find it. He … .
2. Margaret can't walk and her leg is in plaster. She … .
3. Maria's English wasn't very good. Now it is much better. Her English ...
4. Tim didn't have a beard last month. Now he has a beard. He … .
5. This morning I was expecting a letter. Now I have it . It … .
6. Last week the bus fare was 80 pence. Now it is 90.The bus fare … .
7.3. Составьте предложения со словами just, already или yet.
Обратите внимание на образец.
E.g. After lunch you go to see a friend at her house. She says “Would you like
something to eat?” You say “No, thank you. I’ve just had lunch.“ (have
lunch)
1. Joe goes out. Five minutes later, the phone rings and the caller says
‘Can I speak to Joe?” You say: “I'm afraid … “ (go out)
2. You are eating in a restaurant. The waiter thinks you have finished and
starts to take your plate away. You say: “Wait a minute! …” (not/finish)
3. You are going to a restaurant this evening. You phone to reserve a table.
Later your friend says “Shall I phone to reserve a table?'” You say: “No, I ...”
(do). You know that a friend of yours is looking for a job. Perhaps she has
been successful. Ask her. You say: … ? (find)
4. Ann went to the bank, but a few minutes ago she returned. Somebody
asks “Is Ann still at the bank?' You say: No, … (come back)
7.4. Закончите предложения словами been или gone.
1. Jim is on holiday. He's ...... to Italy.
2. Hello! I've just.........to the shops. I've bought lots of things.
3. Alice isn't here at the moment. She's to the shop to get a newspaper.
4. Tom has.............out. He'll be back in about an hour.
5. “Are you going to the bank?” “No, I've already … to the bank.”
Present Perfect and Past Simple
Past Simple Preset Perfect
формаОтрицательная формаВопросительная Утвердительная форма

I I, You
You We, They have just visited/seen
He, She, It visited/went yester He
We,They day She have just visited/seen
It

I, you I, you
he Have we just visited/seen?
Did she visit/go yesterday? they
it he
we,they Has she just visited/seen?
it

I, You I, We have not just visited/seen


He You, They (haven’t)
She did not visit/go yesterday He, She has not just visited/seen
It (didn’t) It (hasn’t)
We, They

Present Perfect на русский язык переводится глаголом


совершенного вида прошедшего времени. Но и Past Simple, прошедшее
неопределенное время, в иных случаях переводится точно также.
Возникает вопрос: когда употреблять прошедшее неопределенное, а
когда Present Perfect?
Past Simple называет действие, произошедшее в определенный
момент в прошлом: He got married when he was 22 (in 1979).
Обозначает действие, которое завершилось и произошел разрыв с
настоящим: I lived in Paris for a year. (больше я там не живу). Ian
Fleming wrote 14 novels. (он уже умер и больше не пишет).
Используется с вопросами When? What time?
Present Perfect обозначает действие, произошедшее в
неопределенный момент в прошлом: She’s been to China.
Действие, продолжающееся по настоящий момент: She’s lived in London
for 20 years (и до сих пор там живет). She's written 20 novels (и еще будет
писать).
Употребление Present Perfect часто сопровождается следующими
выражениями:
for twenty years.
I have been worked here since 1995. / since I left school.
I have never been to America. Have you ever been to America?
Используется с вопросом How long?
7.5. Составьте предложения в Present Perfect или Past simple,
используя слова в скобках.
E.g. (it/not/ rain/ this week) – It hasn’t rained this week.
1. (the weather/ be/ cold/ recently) 2. (it/ cold/ last week)
3. (I/ not/ read/ a newspaper yesterday) 4. (I/ not/ read/ a newspaper today).
5. (Ann/ earn/ a lot of money/ this year) 6. (she/ not/ earn/ so much/ last
year). 7. (you/ have/ a holiday recently?)
7.6. Раскройте скобки, поставив глаголы, данные в скобках в
правильное время, Present Perfect или Past Simple.
E.g. I don’t know where Amy is. Have you seen (you/see) her?
1. When I … (get) home last night, I … (be) very tired and I …(go) straight
to bed. 2. Your car looks very clean. … (you/ wash) it? 3. George … (not/
be) very well last week. 4. Mr Clark … (work) in a bank for 15 years. Then
he gave it up. 5. Molly lives in Dublin. She … (live) there all her life. 6. “…
(you/ go) to the cinema last night?” “Yes, but it … (be) a mistake. The film
… (be) awful. 7. My grandfather … (die) 30 years ago. I … (never/ meet)
him. 8. I don’t know Carol’s husband. I … (never/ meet/ him).
9. A: Is your father at home? B: No, I’m afraid he … (go) out.
A: When exactly … (he/ go) out? B: About ten minutes ago.
10. A: Where do you live? B: In Boston.
A: How long … (you/ live) there? B: Five years.
A: Where … (you/ live) before that? B: In Chicago.
A: And how long … (you/ live) in Chicago? B: Two years.
7.7. Выберите правильную временную форму.
E.g. Everything is going well. We didn’t have / haven’t had any problems so far.
1. Margaret didn’t go / hasn’t gone to work yesterday. She wasn’t feeling
well. 2. Look! That man over there wears / is wearing the same sweater as
you. 3. Your son is much taller than when I last saw him. He grew / has
grown a lot. 4. I still don’t know what to do. I didn’t decide / haven’t decided
yet. 5. I wonder why Jim is / is being so nice to me today. He isn’t usually
like that. 6. Jane had a book open in front of her but she didn’t read / wasn’t
reading it. 7. I wasn’t very busy. I didn’t have / wasn’t having much to do. 8.
Tim wasn’t happy in his new job at first but he begins / is beginning to enjoy
it now. 9. After leaving school, Jack found / has found it difficult to get a
new job. 10. When Sue heard the news, she wasn’t / hasn’t been very
pleased. 11. Where are you coming / do you come from? Are you American?
12. “Ann has gone out.” “Oh, has she? What time did she go / has she
gone?”
Unit 8. Modal verbs
Модальные глаголы используются для того, чтобы показать
отношение говорящего к действию или состоянию, выраженному
инфинитивом. Эта группа имеет ряд отличий от остальных глаголов:
- модальные глаголы не имеют неличных форм;
- не образуют аналитические временные формы;
- не имеют окончание –s в 3-ем лице ед. числа;
- присоединяют инфинитив без частицы to;
- образуют отрицательную и вопросительную формы без
вспомогательных глаголов;
- имеют сокращенную отрицательную форму.
- большинство модальных глаголов относятся к настоящему или
будущему, только can имеет форму прошедшего времени.
Should выражает:
1. Совет или пожелание, чтобы лицо-подлежащее предложения
выполнило действие, обозначенное инфинитивом: You should be more
polite to him.
Shouldn’t выражает совет так не поступать: You shouldn’t go there.
2. Предположение что действие происходит; ожидание, что действие
совершится в будущем: The shop should be open now. He should come any
minute.
Must выражает:
1. Острую необходимость того, что лицо-подлежащее предложения
должно, обязано совершить действие, выраженное инфинитивом.
Обычно эта необходимость исходит от самого человека, «изнутри»: I
must hurry.
Осторожно! В сочетании со 2-м лицом такое предложение будет
звучать как приказ: You must help me. Лучше сказать: Could you help me?
Однако, you must может выражать настоятельную рекомендацию: You
must see the Monet exhibition. It’s wonderful.
Mustn’t означает запрет: You mustn’t do it.
2. Уверенность в том, что действие происходит или должно
произойти: It must be cold outdoors.
Have to выражает сильную необходимость «извне» - по закону,
правилу или чьему-то приказу: I have to come to university at 8.30. You
have to have a driving license if you want to drive a car.
Don’t have to выражает отсутствие такой необходимости (не нужно, не
обязательно): You don’t have to do the washing-up. I’ve got a dishwasher.
8.1. Исправьте ошибки.
1. I don't can sing. 2. I would like to can travel more. 3. He should to work
harder. 4. Could you telling me the time? 5. I must work last Saturday and
Sunday.
8.2. Закончите предложения модальными глаголами must или have to
(в правильной форме). В некоторых предложениях оба модальных
глагола возможны.
E.g. It’s later than I thought. I must/have to go now.
1. Jack left before the end of the meeting. He ... go home early. 2. In
Britain many children ...wear uniform when they go to school. 3. When you
come to London again, you ... come and see us. 4. Last night Don became ill
suddenly. We … call a doctor. 5. You really … work harder if you want to pass
the examination. 6. I'm afraid I can't come tomorrow. I … work late. 7. I'm
sorry I couldn't come yesterday. I … work late. 8. Paul doesn't like his new
job. Sometimes he … work at weekends. 9. Caroline may … go away next
week. 10. We couldn't repair the car ourselves. We … take it to a garage. 11.
Julia wears glasses. She … wear glasses since she was very young.
8.3. Закончите предложения с помощью don't / doesn't / didn't have to и
одним из глаголов, данных в таблице.
do get up go go pay shave wait work
E.g. I'm not working tomorrow, so I don't have to get up early.
1. The car park is free – you … to park your car there.
2. I went to the bank this morning. There was no queue, so I … .
3. Sally is extremely rich. She … .
4. We've got plenty of time. We … yet.
5. Jack has got a beard, so he … .
6. I'm not particularly busy. I've got a few things to do but I … them now.
7. A man was slightly injured in the accident but he … to hospital.
8.4. Закончите предложения с помощью mustn't, don't/doesn't have to.
1. I don't want anyone to know. You ... tell anyone.
2. He ... wear a suit to work but he usually does.
3. I can stay in bed tomorrow morning because I … go to work.
4. Whatever you do, you … touch that switch. It's very dangerous.
5. There's a lift in the building, so we … сlimb the stairs.
6. You … forget what I told you. It's very important.
7. Sue … get up early. She gets up early because she wants to.
8. Don't make so much noise. We … wake the baby.
9. I … eat too much. I'm supposed to be on a diet.
10. You … be a good player to enjoy a game of tennis.
Unit 9. First Conditional
Сложноподчиненные предложения
с придаточными времени и условия.
Придаточные предложения времени отвечают на вопросы when?
когда?, since when? с каких пор?, how long? как долго?. Они
соединяются с главным предложением союзами when (когда) , as soon
as (как только), while (в то время как), after (после того как), before (до
того как), till (пока) , until (до тех пор пока не):
E.g. When the cat is away, the mice will play.
В придаточных предложениях времени глагол в будущем времени
не употребляется: Future Simple заменяется на Present Simple:
E.g. As soon as I come back, I’ll call you.

Условные предложения
Условное придаточное предложение является частью
сложноподчиненного предложения, где главное выражает следствие
условия, заключенного в придаточном. Условные предложения могут
выражать реальное и нереальное условие, а главное предложение,
соответственно, может выражать реальное и нереальное следствие.
Придаточные предложения условия соединяются с главным
предложением союзами if (если), in case (в случае), unless (если …не) и
некоторыми другими.
E.g. He won’t go there unless he is invited.
Сложноподчиненные предложения первого типа (реальное условие)
выражают вероятный и возможный результат в будущем:
E.g. You'll get wet if you don’t take an umbrella.
В условных предложениях первого типа в главном предложении
используется Future Simple (простое будущее время) со
вспомогательным глаголом will, а в придаточном предложении
используется Present Simple (простое настоящее время). Если
придаточное стоит в начале предложения, то после него ставится
запятая. Если главное стоит в начале предложения, то запятая после
него не ставится:
E.g. If I work hard, I’ll pass my exam.
I’ll pass my exam if I work hard.
9.1. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple или
Future Simple. Все предложения относятся к будущему.
E.g. Don’t go away until mother comes back. (come)
1. Give her the note as soon as she … (come). 2. I won’t speak to Mary if I
… her today (see). 3. Peter … (introduce) us to his friend as soon as we meet
them. 4. We’ll take some urgent steps before the situation … (become)
hopeless. 5. I …(ask) him about it when I see him. 6. She’ll come to the
party if she … time (have). 7. He … (go) fishing tomorrow if the weather …
fine (be). 8. Ted’s father … (not lend) him any money until he … (learn) not
to waste it. 9. She … (return) the book to you when she … (read) it. 10. If he
… (not come) we … (start) without him. 11. If she … (not be) well, we …
(not go) swimming. 12. If you … (miss) the 10.30 train, there is another at
10.35. 13. Come on! Hurry up! Ann … (be) annoyed if we … (be) late. 14.
… (I / see) you before you …(start)? 15. … (you / be) lonely without me
while I … (be) away?
9.2. Составьте предложения, используя приведенные фразы.
E.g. If you don’t take a taxi, you’ll miss the train.
1. get up very early a. not be able to buy a car
2. eat the whole cake b. we / go swimming
3. take this medicine c. see the sunrise
4. doesn’t save his money d. his father / get furious
5. forgets his promises e. have problems with the police
6. don’t work hard now f. work in the City
7. drinks any more bear g. not pass your exam in a week
8. moves to London h. not catch a cold
9. not rain today i. definitely fall ill
9.3. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple, Present
Continuous или Future Simple.
1. It … (be) cold in autumn. It often … (rain). A cold wind often … (blow).
2. The weather … (be) fine today. It … (be) warm, the sun … (shine)
brightly. A soft wind … (blow). Small white clouds … (sail) in the sky. 3.
Don’t go out: it … (rain) heavily. 4. Take your raincoat with you. I’m afraid
it … (rain) in the evening and you … (get) wet through if … (not put on)
your raincoat. 5. Every spring birds … (come) to our garden and … (sing) in
the trees. 6. Listen! Somebody … (sing) in the next room. … (you/hear) her?
7. It … (usually/ not snow) at this time of the year. 8. What … (be) the
weather like now? … (it/snow)? – No, it … . 9. … (we/go) out of town to ski
on Sunday? – Yes, we … if it … (snow) this week and if there … (be) a lot
of snow everywhere.
Unit 10. Verb Patterns 2
Оборот used to произносится как [ju:stə] и используется для
выражения привычки, существовавшей в прошлом: He used to play
football every Saturday, but now he doesn’t. А также для выражения
состояния в прошлом: They used to be happy together, but now they fight
all the time.
Used to не изменяется по лицам и числам.
I
He used to smoke
We didn’t use to like cooking
They
Вопросительные предложения образуются, как и у обычных
глаголов, при помощи вспомогательного did: What did you use to do?
Этот же вспомогательный глагол используется в кратких ответах: Did
you use to smoke a lot? – Yes, I did./ No, I didn’t.
Примечание:
1. Оборот обычно не используется в вопросительной форме. Вопрос
чаще задают в Past Simple, а отвечают, используя оборот used to.
2. С оборотом часто используется слово never.
3. Не путайте с глаголом use [ju:z]: I use a knife to cut an apple.
4. Для оборота used to нет соответствий в настоящем времени.
5. Для действий, произошедших только однократно в прошлом,
используется Past Simple: Last night I drank champagne.
Функции инфинитива
1. Инфинитив может использоваться в предложении в качестве
обстоятельства цели (отвечает на вопрос Why? Зачем? Для чего?): I am
learning English to get a good job.
2. Инфинитив используется в качестве подлежащего после некото рых
прилагательных:
I’m pleased to see you
surprised
It’s hard to learn Chinese
important
3. Инфинитив в качестве дополнения используется после
вопросительных слов: Can you tell me how to get to the station? I don’t
know who to speak to. Show me what to do.
4. Инфинитив в качестве определения используется после
неопределенных местоимений: I have nothing to give you. Have you got
anything else to say? There was nobody there to show him how to do it.
(см.Приложение3.Таб.4,5)
10.1. Дополните предложения, используя оборот used to... +
подходящий глагол.
E.g. Tom gave up smoking last year. He used to smoke 40 cigarettes a day.
1. Liz..........................… a motorbike, but last year she sold it and bought
a car. 2. We came to live in Manchester a few years ago. We … in
Nottingham. 3. I rarely eat ice cream now but I … it when I was a child. 4.
Jim ... my best friend but we aren't friends any longer. 5. It only takes me
about 40 minutes to get to work since the new road was opened. It ... more
than an hour. 6. There … a hotel opposite the station but it closed a long time
ago. When you lived in London, … to the theatre very often?
10.2. Переделайте предложения по образцу.
E.g. It's difficult to understand him. – He is difficult to understand.
1. It's quite easy to use this machine. – This machine is … .
2. It was very difficult to open the window. – The window … .
3. It's impossible to translate some words. – Some words … .
4. It's not safe to stand on that chair. – That chair … .
5. It's expensive to maintain a car. – A … .
10.3. Дополните предложения, используя прилагательное в скобках.
E.g. I couldn't answer the question, (difficult) It was a difficult question to
answer.
1. Everybody makes that mistake, (easy). It's an … .
2. I like living in this place, (nice). It's a … .
3. We enjoyed watching the game, (good). It was … .
10.4. Дополните предложения приведенными словами.
sorry/hear glad/hear delighted/get surprised/see
E.g. We were delighted to get your letter last week.
1. Thank you for your letter. I … that you're well.
2. We … Pauline at the party. We didn't expect her to come.
3. I … that your mother isn't well. I hope she gets well soon.
10.5. Дополните предложения подходящим по смыслу глаголом.
E.g. The President has a team of bodyguards to protect him.
1. I didn't have enough time … the newspaper today. 2. I came home by taxi.
I didn't have the energy … . 3. “Would you like something …?” “Yes,
please. A cup of coffee.” 4. We need a bag … these things in. 5. There will
be a meeting next week … the problem. 6. I wish we had enough money …
a new car. 7. I saw Helen at the party but we didn't have a chance … to each
other. 8. I need some new clothes. I haven't got anything nice … . 9. They've
just passed their exams. They're having a party … .
Unit 11. Passives
Страдательный залог
Образуется при помощи вспомогательного глагола to be в
соответствующем лице и числе и прошедшего причастия (третьей
формы) основного глагола. (см.Приложение3.Таб.9)
Правила использования времен в страдательном залоге такие же, как и
для действительного залога.
Глагол в действительном залоге сообщает то, что делает подлежащее.
Глагол в страдательном залоге сообщает о том, что происходит с
подлежащим.
Страдательный залог используется тогда, когда деятель неизвестен или
не важен: The soup was finished in silence.
Когда деятель все же называется, существительное вводится при
помощи предлога by: This house was built by my grandfather.
Для того, чтобы перевести предложение из действительного залога в
страдательный, мы меняем местами подлежащее и дополнение, а также
форму глагола: Shakespeare wrote Hamlet. - Hamlet was written by
Shakespeare.
Если в предложении имеется два дополнения – человек и предмет, то
при переводе в страдательный залог именно человек, а не предмет
становится подлежащим: She gave me a book for my birthday. - I was
given a book for my birthday.
В английском языке страдательный залог употребляется гораздо чаще,
чем в русском, так как эту форму образуют все переходные глаголы. В
русском же языке перевести в страдательный залог можно только
предложения с прямым дополнением. Например, эти предложения
нельзя перевести на русский буквально: Peter was looked at. He was
shown the way.
На русский язык английские предложения в страдательном залоге
можно перевести при помощи:
1) неопределенно-личных предложений: Дома строят из камня.
2) глаголов с частицей – ся: Дома строятся.
3) быть + краткая форма страдательного причастия: Дом был построен.
11.1. Дополните предложения недостающей формой глагола в
действительном или страдательном залоге.
Active Passive
Ex.: Doctors have given new hearts Seven people have been given new
to seven people. hearts.
1. Today America’s tobacco Today over $4.2 billion ____ by
industry makes over $4.2 billion a America’s tobacco industry.
year.
2. Where __ they __ good wines? Where are good wines produced?
3. The Swedes invented chewing Chewing gum ___ by the Swedes.
gum.
4. What____ they ____ these shoes What were these shoes made of?
of?
5. Have we eaten all the ____ all the sandwiches ____ ?
sandwiches?
6. He ________ her purse from the Her purse hasn’t been stolen from
bag. the bag.
7. We won’t listen to his speech. His speech _____________ .
8. They _________ at the little boy. The little boy will be laughed at.
9. The teacher should explain Difficult rules ____________.
difficult rules.
10. ____we ____ or ____ this door Should this door be pulled or pushed
to open it? to open it?
11.2. Поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках в правильную форму
действительного или страдательного залога.
E.g. My car was stolen (steal) last night.
Joseph Ford, the politician who (a)_______(kidnap) last week as he was
driving to his office, (b)_______(release) unharmed. He (c)______
(examine) by a doctor last night, and (d)_______(say) to be in good health.
Mr Ford (e) ______ (find) walking along a small country lane early
yesterday evening. A farmer (f)_______(see) him, recognized who it was,
and (g)_______(contact) the police. When his wife (h)_______ (tell) the
news, she said, 'I am delighted and relieved that my husband (i)
______(find).' Acting on information received, the police made several
arrests, and a man (j) _______(question) in connection with the kidnapping.
11.3. Дополните предложения одним из данных в таблице глаголов в
правильной форме.
cause damage hold include invite make overtake show translate
write
E.g. Many accidents are caused by dangerous driving.
1. Cheese … from milk. 2. The roof of the building ... in a storm a few days
ago. 3. There's no need to leave a tip. Service … in the bill. 4. You … to the
wedding. Why didn't you go? 5. A cinema is a place where films … . 6. In the
United States, elections for President … every four years. 7. Originally the
book … in Spanish and a few years ago it … into English. 8. We were driving
along quite fast but we … by lots of other cars.
11.4. Составьте вопросы в страдательном залоге. Некоторые из них
относятся к настоящему времени, а некоторые – к прошедшему.
1. when /invent / the telephone? 4. when / discover / Australia?
2. how / make / glass? 5. what / use for / silver?
3. when / invent / television?
11.5. Поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках в Present Simple или Past
Simple, действительного или страдательного залога.
1. It's a big factory. Five hundred people ... (employ) there.
2. Water … (cover) most of the Earth's surface.
3. Most of the Earth's surface … (cover) by water.
4. The park gates … (lock) at 6.30 p.m. every evening.
5. The letter … (post) a week ago and it….(arrive) yesterday.
6. The boat … (sink) quickly but fortunately everybody … (rescue).
7. Ron's parents … (die) when he was very young. He and his sister … (bring)
up by their grandparents.
8. I was born in London but I … (grow) up in the north of England.
9. While I was on holiday, my camera … (steal) from my hotel room.
10. While I was on holiday, my camera … (disappear) from my hotel
room.
11.6. Передайте следующие предложения в страдательном залоге.
E.g. The farmer is building a new barn. – A new barn is being built by the
farmer.
1. Someone is helping her with the housework. 2. You must put out your
cigarettes. 3. My friend sent me an invitation. 4. They speak Italian in Italy. 5.
They didn’t choose him as the best actor of the year. 6. You can improve your
health with more exercise. 7. The secretary has given Mrs Jones some letters. 8.
Where will they build a new library? 9. Why did they laugh at him? 10. If they
send for you do not refuse to come. 11. Nobody accused him of stealing the
money.
11.7. Передайте следующие предложения в действительном залоге.
Введите любые подходящие подлежащие, где необходимо.
E.g. The doctor was sent for. – They sent for the doctor.
1. Coca Cola is still made in Dallas, Texas. 2. Who are these notes written by? 3.
Walkman cassette players were developed by the Japanese. 4. The business was
bought by a man called Asa Candler. 5. Twenty Concords have been made at a
cost of $55 million. 6. No Beetles have been made in Europe since 1974. 7.
Many people will be given new hearts. 8. Can this rule be explained again? 9.
Were they shocked by Miss de Beaumont’s generosity? 10. Smoking shouldn’t
be allowed in hospitals. 11. He has been brought up to be polite.
11.8. Составьте вопросы к выделенным словам в страдательном залоге.
E.g. Columbus discovered America. – Who was America discovered by?
1. We keep money in a safe. 2. They speak English all over the world. 3. They
have taken his aunt to hospital. 4. The boys damaged the television. 5. Da Vinci
painted the Mona Lisa. 6. He invited thirty people to his party. 7. They grow
bananas in Africa. 8. They will advertise the product on television. 9. You
should water this plant daily. 10. They laughed at him because he was
scruffy. 11. The students are writing a test now.
11.9. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в правильной форме
действительного или страдательного залога.
1. The new theatre … (open) in that city last month.
2. Three people … (kill) in the car accident yesterday.
3. A cure for cancer …(not / find) yet.
4. The article … (translate) into Russian now, it …(publish) as soon as they…
(return) it.
5. Our office … (decorate) for the celebration and looks cheerful.
6. Sometimes mistakes … (make). It is inevitable.
7. If you … (offer) a cheap camera, don’t buy it, it … (not / work).
8. Ann … (attack) last night when she … (walk) home.
9. British coins … (make) in the Royal Mint.
10. Under safety regulations women … (not / allow) to work underground.
11. The movie … (show) already four times in the cinema.
12. “Is your car still for sale?” “ No, I … (sell) it”.
13. “Is the house at the end of the street still for sale?” “No, it … (sell)”.
14. It’s a serious problem. I don’t know how it … (can / solve).
15. A new bridge … (build) across the river. Work started last year and the
bridge … (open) next year.
Unit 12. Second Conditional
Условные предложения
Условное придаточное предложение является частью
сложноподчиненного предложения, где главное выражает следствие
условия, заключенного в придаточном. Условные предложения могут
выражать реальное и нереальное условие, а главное предложение,
соответственно, может выражать реальное и нереальное следствие.
Придаточные предложения условия соединяются с главным
предложением союзами if (если), in case (в случае), unless (если …не) и
некоторыми другими: He won’t go there unless he is invited. He wouldn’t
cough if he didn’t smoke.
Условные предложения первого типа.
If the weather is fine tomorrow, we will go swimming.
Сложноподчиненные предложения первого типа (реальное условие)
выражают вероятный и возможный результат в будущем: You'll get wet if
you don’t take an umbrella.
В условных предложениях первого типа в главном предложении
используется Future Simple (простое будущее время) со
вспомогательным глаголом will, а в придаточном предложении
используется Present Simple (простое настоящее время). Если
придаточное стоит в начале предложения, то после него ставится
запятая. Если главное стоит в начале предложения, то запятая после
него не ставится: If I work hard, I’ll pass my exam. I’ll pass my exam if I
work hard.
Условные предложения второго типа.
If I were you, I wouldn’t be so rude.
Условные предложения второго типа выражают маловероятное или
нереальное условие в настоящем или будущем: If I were prime Minister,
I’d increase taxes for rich people.
Условные предложения второго типа образуются при помощи
использования простого прошедшего времени (Past Simple) в
придаточной части и вспомогательного глагола would в главной части
предложения: If I had more money, I would built a house.
Вместо глагола was в придаточном предложении обычно используется
were: If I were you, I’d go to bed.
Правила пунктуации такие же, как и для условных предложений
первого типа.
12.1. Поставьте глагол в правильную форму.
E.g. They would be rather offended if I didn’t go to see them. (not/go)
If you took more exercise, you would feel better. (feel)
1. If I was offered the job, I think I … it. (take) 2. I'm sure Amy will
lend you the money. I'd be very surprised if she … (refuse) 3. If I sold my
car, I … much money for it. (not/get) 4. A lot of people would be out of
work if the factory … (close down). 5. What would happen if I … that
button? (press) 6. Liz gave me this ring. She … very upset if I lost it.
(be) 7. Mark and Carol are expecting us. They would be disappointed if
we … (not/ come) 8. Would Tim mind if I … his bicycle without asking
him? (borrow) 9. If he … in here with a gun, I'd be scared. (walk) 10.
I'm sure Sue … if you explained the situation to her. (understand)
12.2. Используйте информацию в скобках, чтобы задать своему
другу вопрос What would you do if...?
E.g. (Maybe one day your friend will win a lot of money.)
What would you do if you won a lot of money?
1. (Your friend's car has never been stolen but perhaps one day it will
be.) 2. (Perhaps one day your friend will lose his/her passport.) 3. (There
has never been a fire in the building.) 4. (Perhaps he/she will be late for
his/her wedding ceremony.) 5. (Perhaps one day he /she will be invited
to a TV program.)
12.3. Ответьте на вопросы, следуя образцу.
E.g. A: Shall we catch the 10.30 train? B: No. (arrive / too early) ...
If we caught the 10.30 train, we’d arrive too early.
1. A: Is Ken going to take the exam?
B: No. (fail) If he ...
2. A: Why don't we stay at a hotel?
B: No. (cost too much money) If …
3. A: Is Sally going to apply for the job?
B: No. (not / get it) If ...
4. A: Let's tell them the truth.
B: No. (not / believe us) If …
5. A: Why don't we invite Bill to the party?
B: No. (have to invite his friends too) If …
12.4. Дополните предложения.
1. If you took more exercise, ... 4.Would you go to the party if …
2. If I didn't go to work 5. If you bought some new
tomorrow, … clothes, …
3. I'd feel very angry if …
Unit 13. Present Perfect Continuous
Образуется при помощи глагола to be в форме
Present Perfect и Participle I основного глагола: have
been doing.
Утвердительная I (We/You/They) have been reading since morning
форма
He (She/It) has been reading since morning
+
Вопросительная Have I (We/You/They) been reading since morning?
форма
Has he(she) been reading since morning?
?
Отрицательная I (We/You/They) have not been reading since morning
форма
He (She/It) has not been reading since morning
-
1. Обозначает действие, начавшееся в прошлом, продолжавшееся по
настоящий момент и все еще идущего. Обычно сопровождается
предлогами: since, обозначающим отправную точку: I have been
learning English since last summer и for, обозначающим период времени:
I have been teaching for 10 years. В этом случае глагол в Present Perfect
Continuous переводится на русский язык настоящим временем.
2. Обозначает действие в развитии, которое недавно или только что
закончилось: The ground is wet. It has been raining. В этом случае глагол
в Present Perfect Continuous переводится на русский язык глаголом в
прошедшем времени несовершенного вида.
Present Perfect Simple and Continuous
1. Мы часто используем длительное время c вопросом How long?: How
long have you been learning English?
Простое время часто используется с вопросами How much? How
many?: How many pages have you read?
2. Используя длительное время, мы интересуемся самой
деятельностью: My hands are very dirty. I’ve been repairing the car.
Используя простое время, мы интересуемся результатом: The car is OK
again now. I’ve repaired it.
3. C глаголами live and work можно употреблять любое время: Tom has
lived in London for a long time. Tom has been living in London for a long
time.
4. Помните, что ряд глаголов не употребляется в длительных временах!
like love hate want need prefer know realize suppose mean
understand believe recognize be remember belong contain consist
depend seem find see hear smell taste feel have
(принадлежность)
13.1. К каждой ситуации напишите по два предложения (Present
Perfect Simple / Present Perfect Continuous) .
E.g. Tom started reading a book two hours ago. He is still reading it and now
he is on page 53. (read / for two hours) ...(read / 53 pages so far) ...
Tom has been reading for two hours. Tom has read 53 pages so far.
1. Linda is from Australia. She is traveling round Europe at the moment. She
began her tour three months ago. (travel / for three months) … (visit / six
countries so far) … 2. Jimmy is a tennis player. He began playing tennis when
he was ten years old. This year he is the national champion again - for the
fourth time. (win / the national championship four times) … (play / tennis
since he was ten) … . 3. When they left college, Mary and Sue started making
films together. They still make films. (make / ten films since they left college)
… (make / films since they left college)
13. 2 . Для каждой ситуации задайте вопросы, используя слова в
скобках (Present Perfect Simple / Present Perfect Continuous) .
E.g. You have a friend who is learning Arabic. You ask: (how long/ learn /
Arabic?).... How long have you been learning Arabic?
1. You have just arrived to meet a friend. She is waiting for you. You ask:
(how long/wait?)
2. You see somebody fishing by the river. You ask: (how many fish / catch?)
3. Some friends of yours are having a party next week. You ask: (how many
people / invite?)
4. A friend of yours is a teacher. You ask: (how long/ teach?)
5. You meet somebody who is a writer. You ask: (how many books / write?)
(how long / write / books?)
6. A friend of yours is saving money to go on holiday. You ask: (how long/
save?) (how much money / save?)
13.3. Поставьте глагол в подходящее время (Present Perfect Simple /
Present Perfect Continuous).
1. Where have you been? … (you/play) tennis? 2. Look! Somebody …
(break) that window. 3. You look tired. … (you/work) hard? 4. “…
(you/ever/work) in a factory?” “No, never.” 5. “Jane is away on holiday.”
“Oh, is she? Where … (she/go)?” 6. My brother is an actor. He … (appear) in
several films.
7. “Sorry I'm late.” “That's all right. I … (not/wait) long.” 8. “Is it still
raining?” “No, it … (stop).” 9. I … (lose) my address book. … (you/see) it
anywhere? 10. I … (read) the book you lent me but I … (not/finish) it yet. 11.
I … (read) the book you lent me, so you can have it back now.
Unit 14. Past Perfect
Прошедшее завершенное
Образуется при помощи вспомогательного глагола had и основного
глагола в форме прошедшего причастия. В вопросительной форме
вспомогательный глагол ставится перед подлежащим. В отрицательной
форме частица not ставится после вспомогательного глагола.

Утвердительная I (You/ We/They)


форма had visited/seen by 5 o’clock yesterday
+ He (She/It)
Вопросительна I (you/we/they)
я Had she (he/it) visited/seen by 5 o’clock yesterday?
формa
?
Отрицательная I (You/ We/They)
форма had not visited/seen by 5 o’clock yesterday
- He (She/It)

Past Perfect (прошедшее завершенное) употребляется:


1. Для выражения прошедшего действия, которое уже совершилось до
определенного момента в прошлом. Этот момент может быть указан
обстоятельством времени: by 5 o’clock к 5 часам, by that time к тому
времени, by the end of the year к концу года и др., а также перед
предлогом before и после предлога after: She had left by the 1st of
June. After she had cried, she felt easier. He was nervous because he had
never flown before.
2. Для выражения прошедшего действия, которое уже завершилось до
другого, более позднего прошедшего действия, выраженного глаголом в
Past Simple: When Sarah arrived at the party, Paul had already gone home.

Примечание:
Глаголы движения и чувственного восприятия обычно не
употребляются в Past Perfect: When he heard the song, he recognized it at
once.
When he came home, he found his mother in an evening dress.
14.1. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple или Past
Perfect.
1. By two o'clock the teacher (to examine) all the students. 2. On my way to
school I (to remember) that I (to leave) my report at home. 3. All my friends
(to be) glad to hear that I (to pass) all the examinations successfully. 4. Poor
Oliver (to lie) unconscious on the spot where Sikes (to leave) him. 5. He (to
open) his eyes, (to look) around and (to try) to remember what (to happen) to
him. 6. All the passengers (to see) at once that the old man (to travel) a great
deal in his life. 7. By the time we (to come) to see him, he (to return) home.
8. During the holidays my friend (to visit) the village where he (to live) in
his childhood. 9. When they (to enter) the hall, the performance already (to
begin). 10. When I came home, my mother (to tell) me that she (to receive) a
letter from grandfather.
14.2.Поставьте глаголы. выделенные курсивом в нужное прошедшее
время Past Simple, Past Perfect или Past Continuous .
I travel all over the country in my job and whenever I take the train to
Scotland, I remember the story about the man whose wife (1) have just a
baby. He work (2) in London at the time but he live (3) in Newcastle, which
is in the north-east of England, not far from the Scottish border. As soon as
he hear (4) the news, he rush (5) to King's Cross Station. He bought his
ticket and then, just before he jump (6) on the first train north, he ring (7) his
wife to say he would soon be with her. He be (8) so excited at the news that
he tell (9) the woman who sit (10) in the same compartment. She ask (11)
him if he lived in Edinburgh, as that was where the train go (12), and was
surprised to hear that he lived in Newcastle. 'But this train doesn't stop at
Newcastle,' she rеply (13). 'It goes straight to Edinburgh.' When the man
hear (14) this, he run (15) to the front of the train to speak to the driver.
After telling him his story, he beg (16) him to stop the train at Newcastle. He
even offer (17) him money, but the driver still refuse (18). However, he
agree (19) to slow the train down to 15 m.p.h. so that the man could jump
off. An hour later, as the train approach (20) Newcastle Station, the ticket-
collector hold (21) the man out of the window and he begin (22) running in
mid-air. When they reach (23) the station, the ticket-collector gently drop
(24) the man onto the platform and he run (25) very fast along it. The guard,
at the back of the train, see (26) a man running along the platform. He put
out (27) his hand and pull (28) the man onto the train. 'Lucky I see (29) you,'
say (30) the guard. 'You almost miss (31) the train.'
Reported Speech
Косвенная речь
При переводе прямой речи в косвенную в английском языке
необходимо соблюдать следующие правила:
1. меняются по смыслу личные, указательные и притяжательные
местоимения: She said: “I don’t know where my key is” – She said she didn’t
know where her key was.
2. применяется правило согласования времен, то есть все времена
«сдвигаются» на один план назад:
Present Simple – Past Simple: writes - wrote
Present Continuous – Past Continuous: is writing - was writing
Present Perfect – Past Perfect: has written – had written
Past simple – Past Perfect: wrote - had written
will – would: will write – would write; can – could
3. изменяются обстоятельства времени:
Direct Speech Indirect Speech Direct Speech Indirect Speech
today that day here there
yesterday the day before now then
tomorrow the next day last year the year before
…ago …before next … the following …
this that

4. Утвердительные предложения при переводе в косвенную речь вводятся


словами said/told + that + замена времени + местоимение по смыслу +
наречие: She said:” I saw this film” – She said that she had seen that film.
5. Специальные вопросы вводятся словом asked + прямой порядок слов:
She asked: “When do you go there?” – She asked when I went there.
6. Общие вопросы вводятся словом asked + if +прямой порядок слов: She
asked: “Have you seen this film?” – She asked if I had seen that film.
7. глагол, стоящий в повелительном наклонении в прямой речи,
переводится в косвенную речь с помощью инфинитива:
She asked: “Open the door” – She asked to open the door.
She said: “ Don’t open the door, please” – She asked not to open the door.
Не путайте глаголы say and tell!
Tell употребляется, если указан адресат сообщения (кому?):
E.g. He told me that he loved Mary.
Say непосредственно передает сообщение (что?):
E.g. She said that they were happy together.
14.3. Прочтите диалог между доктором и молодой пациенткой и
дополните историю болезни, написанную доктором.

61
Doctor: Well, what seems to be the to upset you? A problem at school or
trouble? perhaps at home?
Laura: I feel fine, but my parents Laura: It's not really a problem.
are worried about me. They think But there's a new student at school
I'm acting strangely. and ... well, doctor, he's the most
Doctor: Are you sleeping well at wonderful person I've ever met. He's
night? kind, intelligent and so good-
Laura: I sleep well, but I wake up looking. I can't think about anything
very early. else. His name's Steve and he's got a
Doctor: And what about meals? Are motorcycle ...
you eating normally? Doctor: Well, young lady, I don't
Laura: No. I haven't eaten a full think there's really very much the
meal for a week. I never feel hungry. matter with you.
Doctor: And has anything happened

Case notes
The patient said she (1)………, but that her parents (2)………. She said they (3)
………. When I asked about her sleeping patterns, she said she (4)………, but
(5)………. Her eating patterns are also irregular. She said (6)……… a full
meal for a week and that she never (7)………. When I asked if something was
worrying her, she said there (8)……… at school. My diagnosis is that the
patient is in love.

14.4. Прочтите отрывок из письма Лауры к её подруге Сьюзен и


закончите диалог.
I couldn’t believe it. He came up to me as I was getting on the school bus. He
asked me if I was doing anything next weekend. I said I had to go out to lunch
with my parents on Sunday, but that apart from that I didn’t have any special
plans. Then he asked if I’d seen the new Harrison Ford film. I said I hadn’t, but
that my brother had told me that he had really enjoyed it. He asked if I wanted to
go and see it with him on Saturday night. And I said that sounded great. He
asked what time I wanted to go to the movie and I said I thought 6.00 session
was usually less crowded, so he suggested we meet at the cinema at about 5.45
and that we could have a pizza afterwards. I haven’t decided what to wear yet,
but Nicky says I can borrow her new top.
STEVE: Hi, how are you? STEVE: Yes, everyone says it's
LAURA: Oh, hi. Fine. brilliant. Would you like to go and see
STEVE: Listen. I was wondering ... it on Saturday night?
Are you doing anything next LAURA: That (5) … .
weekend? STEVE: What time do you want to
LAURA: Well (1) … but apart from go? At six or at eight?
that (2) … . LAURA: (6) … the six o'clock session
STEVE: Have you seen the new (7) … .
Harrison Ford film? STEVE: OK. Shall we meet at the
LAURA: NO, (3) …, but my brother cinema at about 5.45? Perhaps we
(4) … ............................... could go for a pizza after the film.

14.5. Лаура пришла домой поздно после встречи со Стивом и её мама


рассердилась. Прочтите их разговор и дополните запись в дневнике
Лауры.
Mother: What's his name?
Laura: Steve.
Mother: Steve what? What's his surname?
Laura: I don't know.
Mother: Well how did you get to know him?
Laura: He goes to school.
Mother: What year is he in at school?
Laura: Err... I'm not sure. He's a bit older than me.
Mother: How much older is he?
Laura: A couple of years. I think he's about sixteen or seventeen.
Mother: I see. So he's a lot older than you. And where did you go?
Laura: I told you. We went to see a movie.
Mother: What time did the movie finish?
Laura: At about eight o'clock.
Mother: And what did you do after that?
Laura: We went to have a pizza.
Mother: How long were you in the restaurant? It doesn't take four hours to eat
a pizza!
Laura: It took quite a long time to get home.
Mother: And how did you get home?
Laura: On Steve's motorcycle, but it broke down on the way.
Mother: On Steve's motorcycle! Listen my girl - that's the last time you go out
with this Steve. Just think yourself lucky your father hasn't heard about this!

63
Dear Diary!
Mum is really angry with me. She says I’m not allowed to go out with Steve
ever again and all because I got home a bit late. The next morning she
wouldn’t stop asking me questions. Honestly it was just like a police
interrogation! She asked me what (1)……… , and how (2)………. When I said
he went to school, she wanted to know (3)………. I didn’t want her to find out
that he’s eighteen, so I just said he was a bit older. But she wasn’t happy with
that, she wanted to know (4)………. And then we started on what happened
that night. She questioned me about where (5)………, what time (6)……… and
what (7)……… after the movie. When I said we went to have a pizza, she asked
(8)………. And of course she wanted to know how (9)………. When I told her
Steve had a motorcycle, she nearly had a fit.

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KEY TO EXERCISES
1.1
1. John is from New York.
2. My brother works in a bank.
3. We lived in Rostov last year.
4. I usually go swimming at the weekend.
5. We all go to a restaurant on Sunday.
6. Martin is learning French at the moment.
7. Everybody loved little Amy very much.
8. Sarah gave me a lift after the party.
9. We were tired so we fell asleep.
10. Please, write your name at the top of the page.
1.2
1. I don’t usually have to work on Sundays.
2. You always watch television in the evening.
3. He is also learning Italian.
4. That hotel is probably very expensive.
5. I can never remember his name.
6. Steve hardly ever gets angry and rarely shouts.
7. We sometimes meet on Sundays.
8. If you ever see her, say a big hello to her.
9. You should always come to the lecture on time.
10. I am sorry, but they have already left.
1.3
1. He is often angry with his naughty children.
2. The unemployed gathered in Central Square yesterday.
3. This love story started romantically in America long ago.
4. I also know a little Spanish.
5. Everybody enjoyed the party very much.
6. I met a friend of mine on my way home.
7. She doesn’t usually wear jeans.
8. She gave me a present on my birthday.
1.4
1.Which 2.Which 3.What 4.What 5.Which 6.Which 7.Who 8.What 9.What
10.Which 11.What
1.5
1. What time did you get up?
2. How old are you?
3. What color is the door?
4. What size are these shoes?
5. How far is it from Paris to Moscow?/ How many miles is it from Paris to Moscow?
6. How big is your room?
7. What kind of music do you like?/ What sort of music do you like?
8. How far can you run? / How many kilometers can you run?
9. What day is it today?
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10. How heavy is this box?
11. What kind of films do you like? / What sort of films do you like?
1.6
2.d 3.e 4.g 5.l 6.h 7.j 8.b 9.c 10.a 11.f 12.k

2.1
1.speaks 2.drink 3.opens, closes 4.causes 5.live 6.take place 7.leave 8.cures
9.lasts, brings
2.2
1. doesn’t drink 6. play, don’t play
2. do the banks close 7. does the word mean
3. does Martin come 8. leaves
4. do you do 9. do you ever sleep
5. takes, does it take
2.3
1. doesn’t go 2. doesn’t grow 3. rises 4. make 5. don’t eat
6. doesn’t believe 7. translates 8. doesn’t tell 9. flows
2.4
1. Which newspaper do you read?
2. Does your sister play tennis?
3. What time do you get up?
4. What does your brother do?
5. How often do you go to the cinema?
6. Where does your mother live?
7. Do you study any foreign languages?
2.5
1. are working 2. am looking 3. is getting 4. are staying
5. am coming 6. is starting 7. are making 8. is happening
2.6
1. Is Colin working 2. are you looking 3. is she studying
4. Is anybody listening 5. Is it getting 6. is he smiling
2.7
1. I’m going 2. isn’t raining 3. ‘m not enjoying 4. is having
5. ‘m not eating 6. ‘s learning 7. aren’t speaking
2.8
1. is rising 2. is getting 3. is changing 4. is rising; is increasing 5. is getting
2.9
1. don’t like 2. get 3. sometimes drives; get 4. never get; always waits 5. tells; jump
on 6. aren’t going 7. are meeting
8. am making; is bringing; are bringing 9. rings, do we have
10. doesn’t listen, gives 11. rings; always says; are you doing
12. answer; ‘m talking
2.10
1. don’t eat 2. goes 3. happens 4. she’s wearing 5. are you looking 6. usually stay
7. are you doing 8. gets
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2.11
1. d 2.c 3.f 4.e 5.j 6.a 7.b 8.g 9.h 10.i

3.1
1. thought 2. sold 3. drank 4. won 5. tell 6.threw; caught
7. spent; bought, cost
3.2
1. Did you go alone? 2. Was the food good? 3. How long did you stay there? 4. Did
you stay at a hotel? 5. How did you travel? 6. Was the weather fine? 7. What did you
do in the evening? 8. Did you meet anybody interesting?
3.3
1. didn’t disturb 2. went 3. didn’t sleep 4. didn’t eat 5. wasn’t
6. laughed 7. flew 8. didn’t cost 9. didn’t have 10. were
3.4
1. am; are waiting 2. were; did you like; enjoyed 3. do you do
4. phones; didn’t phone 5. is; is; don’t know 6. is happening
7. is; doesn’t rain 8. told; didn’t believe; thought; was
3.5
1. While Ann was revising for her exam, Pete was walking along the street.
2. While she was reading a textbook, Pete was playing computer games.
3. While Ann was learning terms, Pete and his friends were playing football.
4. While Ann was gathering information for her report, he and his girlfriend were sitting in
a café.
5. While she was doing sums, he was sleeping.

3.6
1. Jane wasn’t watching a film on TV. She was clearing up the mess.
2. The twins were not listening to music. They were doing the washing up.
3. His wife wasn’t cooking a meal. She was reading magazines.
4. Granny wasn’t talking to her friend. She was having a shower.
5. Amy wasn’t putting make up. She was trying on a new dress.
3.8
1. When was everyone having a good time?
2. Who do these paintings belong to?
3. What is she writing at the moment?
4. How often do we have English classes?
5. Why did you go to the shop?
6. Where did Yet Tung come from?

4.1
2 little 3.many 4.much 5 many 6. few 7. little
4.2
2 . a little 3. a few 4. few 5. little 6 A little 7. little 8. a few
4.3
2 some 3. any 4. any ... some 5. some 6. any 7. any 8. some 9. any 10. any (some is also
67
possible)
4.4
2. somebody/someone 3. anybody/anyone 4. anything 5. something 6.
somebody/someone ... anybody/anyone 7. something ... anybody/anyone 8.
Anybody/Anyone 9. anybody/anyone 10. anywhere
4.5
1. the 2. the 3. a 4. the 5. - 6. the 7. - 8. - 9. the 10. the
4.6
1. Tennis … twice a week … a very good player
2. for dinner …after work … to the cinema
3. an accident …going home
4. the name of the hotel … The Imperial in Queen Street in the city centre …near the
station
5. an economist … in the investment department … of Lloyds Bank …for an American
bank in the United States
4.7 10. right
1. The sun 4.10
3. in the washing-up bowl… 1. In South America
4. the most arrogant 2. The Nile
9. the car… 3. Sweden
10. the cinema 4. The United States
12. in the country 5. The Rockies
6. The Mediterranean
4.8 7. Australia
1. the 8. The Pacific
2. The ... the 9. The Indian Ocean
3. – 10. The Thames
4. the 4.11
5. - 2. Hyde Park
4.9 3. St James’s Park
1. right 4. The Grand Hotel … Baker Street
2. the north 5. Garwick Airport
3. right 6. Liverpool University
4. the United States 7. Harrison’s
5. The south ... the north 8. The Ship Inn
6. right 9. The Statue of Liberty…New York
7. the Channel Harbour
8. the Middle East 10. The Science Museum
9. right

5.1
1. to leave 2. buy 3. take 4. to go 5. to be 6. open 7. to get
8. to help 9. eat 10. have 11. to hear 12. to see
5.2
1. visiting 2. to do 3. to work; talking 4. cleaning 5. having 6. to go 7. to send 8.
68
reading 9. traveling; flying 10. to come 11. acting; to be 12. working 13. to speak
14. crying / to cry 15. buy 16. see 17. learning
5. 3
1. remembering names 6. leaving school soon
2. eating at home, we went to a restaurant 7. playing tennis tomorrow
3. doing nothing 8. going out
4. telling any of their friends 9. having the same job for ten years
5. playing well
5.4
1. solving 2. spending 3. interrupting 4. causing 5. escaping 6. helping
7. coming
5.5
1. living 2. to do 3. to help 4. traveling 5. teaching 6. to lose
5.6
1. go skiing 2. went swimming 3. goes riding 4. go shopping 5. go sightseeing
5.7
1. I’m going to watch 2. I’ll lend 3. I’ll get 4. I’m going to wash
5. are you going to paint 6. I’m going to buy 7.I’ll show 8. I’ll have
9. I’ll do 10. it is going to fall 11.He is going to have/ he’s going to do

6.1
1. stronger 2. smaller 3. more expensive 4. hotter 5.more interesting
6. more difficult 7. better 8. happier 9. longer
6.2
1. more reliable 2. more serious 3. thinner 4. bigger 5. more interested
6. more important 7. simpler 8. more crowded 9. more peaceful 10. easier 11. higher
than
6.3
1. larger 2. the longest 3. happier 4. the worst 5. the most popular
6. the highest …higher 7. most enjoyable 8. more comfortable 9. the quickest
6.4
1. as hard as my father 4. I am not as old as
2. the most intelligent person 5. better than I can
3. a lot more money
6.5
1. older 2. older /elder 3. older 4. older / elder 5. older
6.6
1. as high as yours.
2. You don’t know as much about cars as me. or … as I do.
3. It isn’t as cold today as it was yesterday.
4. I don’t feel as tired as I felt yesterday.
5. They haven’t lived here as long as us. or …as we have.
6.7 3. than us / than we were
1. than him / than he does 4. than her / than she is
2. as me / as I do 5. as them / as they have been
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6.8 3. … the harder it is to concentrate
1. … the more I liked him 5. … the more impatient she became
2. …the higher your profit (will be)

7.1
1. I’ve bought a new car.
2. My father has started a new job.
3. I have given up smoking.
4. Charles and Sarah have gone to Brazil.
5. Suzanne has had a baby.
7.2
1. He has lost his key. 4. He has grown a beard.
2. She has broken her leg. 5. The letter(It) has arrived.
3. Her English has improved. 6. The bus fare has gone up.
7.3
1. … he has just gone out.
2. I haven’t finished yet.
3. I have already done it.
4. Have you found a job yet?
5. … she has just come back.
7.4
1. gone 2. been 3. gone 4. gone 5. been
7.5
1. The weather has been cold recently.
2. It was cold last week.
3. I didn’t read a newspaper yesterday.
4. I haven’t read a newspaper today.
5. Ann has earned a lot of money this year.
6. She didn’t earn so much last year.
7. Have you had a holiday recently?
7.6 7. died … never met
1. got …was …went 8. have never met him
2. Have you washed it? 9. I’m afraid he has gone out. When
3. wasn’t exactly did he go out?
4. worked 10. How long have you lived there?
5. has lived Where did you live before that? And how
6. Did you go … was … was long did you live in Chicago?
7.7
1. didn’t go 5. is 9. found
2. is wearing 6. wasn’t reading 10. wasn’t
3. has grown 7. didn’t have 11. do you come
4. haven’t decided 8. is beginning 12. did she go

70
8.1
1. I can sing.
2. I would like to travel more.
3. He should work harder.
4. Could you tell me the time.
5. I had to work last Saturday and Sunday.
8.2
1. had to 2. have to 3. must/have to 4. had to 5. must/have to 6. have to
7. had to 8. has to 9. have to 10. had to 11. has had to
8.3
1. don’t have to pay 2. didn’t have to wait 3. doesn’t have to work 4. don’t have to go
5. doesn’t have to shave 6. don’t have to do 7. didn’t have to go
8.4
1. mustn’t 2. doesn’t have to 3. don’t have to 4. mustn’t 5. don’t have to
6. mustn’t 7. doesn’t have to 8. mustn’t 9. mustn’t 10. don’t have to

9.1
1. comes 6. has 11. isn’t; won’t go
2. see 7. will go; is 12. miss
3. will introduce 8. won’t lend; learns 13. will be; are
4. becomes 9. will return; reads 14. Will I see; start
5. will ask 10. doesn’t come; will start 15. Will you be; am
9.2
1. If you (I, we, they) get up very early, (c) you (I, we, they) will see the sunrise.
2. If you (I, we, they) eat the whole cake, (i) you (I, we, they) will definitely fall ill.
3. If you (I, we, they)take this medicine, (h) you (I, we, they) won’t catch a cold.
4. If he doesn’t save his money, (a) he won’t be able to buy a car.
5. If he forgets his promises, (d) his father will be furious.
6. If you don’t work hard now, (g) you won’t pass your exam in a week.
7. If he (she) drinks any more beer, (e) he (she) will have problems with the police.
8. If he (she) moves to London, (f) he (she) will work in the City.
9. If it doesn’t rain today, (b) we will go swimming.
9.3
1. is; rains; blows 6. is singing; Do you hear…
2. is; is; is shining; is blowing; are sailing 7. doesn’t usually snow
3. is raining 8. is; Is it snowing; isn’t
4. will rain; will get; don’t put on 9. Are we going; are; snows; is
5. come; sing

10.1 6. used to be
1. used to have/ used to ride 7. did you use to go
2. used to live 10.2
3. used to like/ used to love/ used to eat 1. This machine is quite easy to use.
4. used to be 2. The window was very difficult to open.
5. used to take 3. Some words are impossible to translate.
71
4. The chair isn’t safe to stand on. 10.5
5. A car is expensive to maintain. 1. to read
10.3 2. to walk
1. It’s an easy mistake to make. 3. to drink
2. It’s a nice place to live in. 4. to put/to carry
3. It was a good game to watch. 5. to discuss/to consider/to talk about
10.4 6. to buy/to get
1. am/was glad to hear 7. to talk/to speak
2. were surprised to see 8. to wear/to put on
3. am/was sorry to hear 9. to celebrate

11.1
1. are made 2. do … produce 3. was invented 4. did … make 5. Have …been eaten 6.
hasn’t stolen 7. won’t be listened to 8. will laugh 9. should be explained 10. Should …
pull…push
11.2
a. was kidnapped f. saw
b. is released g. contacted
c. was examined h. was told
d. was said i. has been found
e. was found j. was questioned
11.3
1. is made 5. are shown
2. was damaged 6. are held
3. is included 7. was written; was translated
4. were invited 8. were overtaken

11.4
1. When was the telephone invented? 4. When was Australia discovered?
2. How is glass made? 5. What is silver used for?
3. When was television invented?

11.5
1. are employed 6. sank; was rescued
2. covers 7. died; were brought up
3. is covered 8. grew
4. are locked 9. was stolen
5. was posted; arrived 10. disappeared
11.6
1. She is being helped with the housework.
2. Your cigarettes must be extinguished.
3. I was sent an invitation by my friend.
4. Italian is spoken in Italy.
72
5. He wasn’t chosen as the best actor of the year.
6. Your health can be improved with more exercises.
7. Mrs Jones has been given some letters by the secretary.
8. Where will a new library be built?
9. Why was he laughed at?
10. If you are sent for do not refuse to come.
11. He wasn’t accused of stealing the money.
11.7
1. They still make Coca Cola in Dallas, Texas.
2. Who writes these notes?
3. The Japanese developed walkman cassette players.
4. A man called Asa Candler bought the business.
5. They have made twenty Concords at a cost of $55 million.
6. They have made no Beetles in Europe since 1974 / They haven’t made any Beatles in Europe
since 1974.
7. Doctors will give new hearts to many people.
8. Can you explain this rule again?
9. Did Miss de Beaumont’s generosity shock them?
10. They shouldn’t allow smoking in hospitals.
11. Parents have brought him up to be polite.
11.8
1. Where is the money kept?
2. What language is spoken all over the world?
3. Who has been taken to hospital?
4. What was damaged by the boys?
5. Who was the Mona Lisa painted by?
6. How many people were invited to his party?
7. Where are bananas grown?
8. Where will the product be advertised?
9. How often should this plant be watered?
10. Why was he laughed at?
11. What is being written now?
11.9
1. was opened 2. were killed 3. has not been found 4. is being translated / will be published /
return 5. has been decorated 6. are made 7. are offered / will not work
8. was attacked / was walking 9. are made 10. are not allowed 11. has already been showed
12. have sold 13. has been sold 14. can be solved 15. is being built / will be opened

12.1
1. would take 6. would be
2. refused 7. didn’t come
3. wouldn’t get 8. borrowed
4. closed down 9. walked
5. pressed 10. would understand

73
12.2
1. What would you do if your car was/were stolen?
2. What would you do if you lost your passport?
3. What would you do if there was/were a fire in the building?
4. What would you do if you were late for your wedding ceremony?
5. What would do if you were invited to a TV program?
12.3
1. If he took examination, he would fail.
2. If we stayed at a hotel, it would cost too much money.
3. If he applied for the job, she wouldn’t get it.
4. If we told them the truth, they wouldn’t believe us.
5. If we invited Bill to the party, we would have to invite his friends too.

13.1
1. Linda has been travelling for three months.
She has visited six countries so far.
2. Jimmy has won the national championship four times.
He has been playing since he was ten.
3. Mary and Sue have made ten films since they left college.
They have been making films since they left college.
13.2
1. How long have you been waiting?
2. How many fish have you caught?
3. How many people have you invited?
4. How long have you been teaching?
5. How many books have you written? How long have you been writing books?
6. How long have you been saving? How much money have you saved?
13.3
1. Have you been playing 6. has appeared
2. has broken 7. have not been waiting
3. Have you been working 8. has stopped
4. Have you ever worked 9. have lost; Have you seen
5. has she gone 10. have been reading; have not finished
11. have read
14.1
1. had examined 6. saw, had traveled
2. remembered, had left 7. came, had returned
3. were, had passed 8. visited, had lived
4. lied, had left 9. entered, had begun
5. opened, looked, tried, had happened 10. told, had received
14.2
1. had had 5. rushed 9. told
2. was working 6. jumped 10. was sitting
3. lived 7. had rung 11. asked
4. heard 8. was 12. was going
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13. replied 20. was approaching 27. put out
14. heard 21. held 28. pulled
15. ran 22. began 29. had seen
16. begged 23. reached 30. said
17. offered 24. dropped 31. had missed
18. refused 25. was running
19. agreed 26. saw

14.3
1. felt fine 5. she woke up very early
2. were worried about her 6. hadn’t eaten
3. thought she was acting strangely 7. felt
4. slept well 8. was a new student
14.4 4. told me that he really enjoyed it
1. I have to go out to lunch with my 5. sound great
parents on Sunday 6. I think
2. I don’t have any special plans 7. is usually less crowded
3. I haven’t

14.5
1. his name was
2. old he was
3. what year he was in at school
4. how much older he was
5. we had gone
6. the movie had finished
7. we had done
8. how long we had been in the restaurant
9. I had got home

75
Stop and Check 1
Units 1-4
Порядок слов в утвердительном предложении.
I. Составьте предложения, поставив слова в правильном порядке.
1. plays\ piano\ she\ the\ nicely
2. small\ Ann\ a\brown\ has\ table\ got
3. gave\ he\ me\ ring\ gold\ a
4. I \ at\ every\ six\ o’clock\ day\ swimming\ go
5. by taxi\ to work\ usually\ comes\ he
6. room\ Mary\ a\ is\ now\ cleaning
7. playing\ the\ in\ children\ at\ moment\ are\ garden\ the
8. When\ home\ came\ I\ children\ TV\ watching\ the\were.

16
Вопросы.
II. Задайте вопросы к выделенным словам. Например:
They went to Italy last year.
Where did they go last year?
1. It costs ten pounds.
2. Mrs Brown wants to see Sally.
3. We are going to leave at 6 p.m.
4. They are Mr. Smith’s children.
5. Margaret was in Australia last year.
6. Janet and Paul live in the centre of London.
7. When I came home my son was watching TV.
8. Our teacher studied at Cambridge.

16
Времена.
III. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильную форму.
Sally(1) ... (live) in Madrid. She (2) … (move) there when she was 25 years
old. After she(3) … (leave) university in 1988 she decided to leave England
and go to work abroad. One day while she (4) … ( read) a newspaper, she saw
a job advertised for a teacher in Madrid. She decided to get a job. At the
moment she (5) … (work) at a primary school. She (6) … (teach) a lot of
students. Today Sally (7) … (teach) her favourite class. She always(8) … (enjoy) her
lessons.
16

76
Have\ have got.
IV. Ответьте на вопросы о семье и о себе. Дайте краткие ответы.
Например: Do you have a camera? Yes, I do.
1. Does your sister\ brother have a CD player?
2. Has your father got a car?
3. Do you have a good English accent?
4. Have your grandparents got a garden?
V. Напишите 3 формы неправильных глаголов.
Например: be- was\were-been.
1 heard
2 leave
3 caught
4 bring
5 bought
6 broke
7 feel
8 fallen
9 begun
10 put

10
Предлоги.
VI. Закончите предложения, вставив предлог, где необходимо.
1. My parents like listening … the Beatles.
2. What are you looking … ? I lost my key.
3. I am waiting … a postwoman.
4. Are you good … tennis?
5. My children are afraid … dogs.
6. What are you doing … this Sunday?
7. My sister is coming … 19 December.
8. Are you going to the disco … Saturday?
8
Артикли.
VII. Вставьте артикли, где необходимо.
(1)… Australia is (2)… very interesting country. (3)… Australians are very
friendly people. Some of (4)… strangest animals in (5)… world live there. In
(6)… great Victorian Desert you can find (7)… kangaroos and (8)… Koala
bears. (9)… most famous city in Australia is (10)… Sydney.
20
Выражение количества.

77
VIII. В каждом предложении ошибка. Найдите и исправьте её.
1. I never eat many bread with soup.
2. Sorry. We have got a little potatoes in our fridge.
3. Pete does not have many money.
4. There is not much biscuits in the box.
5. I did not buy some coffee, because I thought we had some.
6. Would you like any tea in your coffee.
7. Bob always likes any sugar.
8. Close your eyes I have got anything for you.
9. Anybody left a book in the classroom yesterday.
10. John lives anywhere near London.
20
Stop and Check 2
Units 5 - 8

Глагольные структуры (образцы).


I. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильную форму: инфинитив
(to+глагол- to go) или герундий (глагол + ing – going).
I have a penfriend in Canada. I really like (1)… (meet) new people so I started
(2)… (write) letters four yeas ago. At the moment I am trying (3)… (organize)
a trip to Canada. I want (4)… (meet) my friend, Alan. I hope(5)… (go)
sightseeing and I am looking forward to (6)… (stay) with Alan and his family.

12
II.Поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильную форму и ответьте на
вопросы о себе.
1. When are you going (1)… (buy) a computer?
2. What do you like (2) … (watch) on TV in the evening?
3. What would you like (3) … (drink), coffee or tea?
4. When did you begin (4)… (learn) English?
5. When did you stop (5) … (smoke)?
6. When are you thinking of (6)… (move) to London?
12
Будущее время.
III. Вставьте will или be going to.
I (1)… to spend my holiday in Crete because there is a lot to see. My best
friend (2)… come with me and I think my cousin (3)… come too if I ask her.
We (4)… stay in Hania for two weeks. Then we (5)… go somewhere else. I
hope we (6)… find a hotel easily. We (7)… swim every day so I (8)… take a

78
lot of suntan oil with me. I think we (9)… need it. I am sure it (10)… be the
best holiday in my life.
20
Степени сравнения прилагательных.
IV. а) Напишите сравнительную и превосходную степень
прилагательных.
1. safe
2. funny
3. wet
4. expensive
5. bad
b)Выберите правильную форму степени прилагательных.
1. Bob is …good/ better/ the best student in our group.
2. Their house is… the biggest /bigger/ big than ours.
3. The older she gets, … beautiful/ the most beautiful/ the more beautiful
she becomes.
4. Paul is as … taller/ the taller /tall as James.
5. A diamond ring is ... expensive /more expensive/ the most expensive of
all.
5
Времена.
V. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в Present Perfect или Past Simple.
My best friend is Alison. We (1) ... (know) each other since we (2) …
(be) five years old. We (3) … (always help) each other, but we (4) …
(also enjoy) good times together and we (5) ... (spend) many hours laughing
together. We (6) … (live) next door to each other before Alison (7) ... (move) to
London. I (8) … (visit) her many times since then. She (9) … (just buy) a
new house but I (10) … (not see) it yet.
20
VI. Закончите диалог, поставьте глаголы в скобках в Present Perfect
или Past Simple.
John: I do not know where to go on holiday this year. Have you got any ideas?
Mary: (1) ... ( you\ ever \ be) to Spain? I (2) ... (go) to Madrid and Barcelona
last year and I really (3) … (enjoy) myself.
John: I (4) ... (spend) two years in Spain. But I (5) … (never/visit) South
America.
10

79
Модальные глаголы.
VII. Вставьте should ( совет) или have to ( должен, обязан).
1.Your hair is too long. I think you … get it cut.
2. I am going to bed. I … be up early tomorrow.
3. I … tell my parents where I am, then they do not worry.
4. I like your boyfriend. You … invite him round.
5. If you need some help with your homework you ... go to the library.
6. You … visit San Francisco because it is the most beautiful city in America.
7. You … get a work permit if you want to work in America.
8. When you go to America you … hire a car because it is the easiest way to
travel.

Stop and Check 3


Units 9-12
Сложноподчинённые предложения.
Придаточные предложения времени (…when, as soon as) и условные
предложения (…if) I группы.
I. Закончите предложения, поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильную
форму: Present Simple или Future Simple.
1. If the dog … (keep) barking, the neighbors … (complain).
2. The boss … (be angry), if you … (arrive) late for work again.
3. If you …(study) hard, you …(pass) your exams.
4. If the weather … (be) bad on Saturday, we … (stay) at home.
5. When the TV program …(end), Pete … (do) his homework.
6. As soon as I …(earn) a lot of money, I…(buy) a new car.
7. When we … (receive) a telegram from him we … (not worry).
8. While Ann … (be) in Paris she ... (visit) her friends.
16
II. Составьте предложения, соотнесите строчку в колонке А со
строчкой в колонке B.

1. If there are no buses a. we`ll make a snowman


2. If you go on diet b. you`ll understand everything
3. If it snows c. she`ll have to take a taxi
4. If you listen carefully d. you`ll lose weight

80
Условные предложения II группы (Second Conditionals).

III. Закончите предложения, поставьте глаголы в скобках в


правильную форму: Past Simple(were, lived) или Future-in- the Past
(would go).
1. If she … (study) more, she ... (be) a better student.
2. If I … (live) in France, I … (speak) French well.
3. I … (buy) that bag, if it … (be) cheaper.
4. If I … (be) you I … (go) to bed earlier.
5. If I … (be) taller I … (join) the basketball team.
10
IV. Перепишите следующие предложения, используя Second
Conditional.
Например: I`m not rich. I do not live in a big house.
If I were rich, I would live in a big house.
1. I do not have enough money. I do not buy a new car.
2. Ann does not tell Sam the truth. He is not angry with her.
3. I do not have a plane. I do not travel all over the world.
4. Tom spends a lot of money. He is poor.
5. My uncle smokes so much. He is ill.
10
Глагольные структуры (Verb Patterns).

V. Закончите предложения, поставьте глаголы в скобках в


правильную форму: инфинитив (to go) или герундий (going).
1. I enjoy … (visit) places I have never been to before.
2. If you do not stop … (smoke), you`ll make yourself ill.
3. I`d like … (go) to India next year.
4. We hoped … (finish) the project by the end of the month.
5. My parents made me … (study) hard during my exams.
6. Let`s go…(swim) this Sunday.
7. The dentist told me … (be) careful when I brush my teeth.
14
VI. Выберите правильную форму глагола.
1. My mum always makes me to go / going/ go to the dentist.
2. Alison wants go/ going/ to go to Paris.
3. Albert likes to watch/ watching/ watch TV before going to bed.
4. My parents do not let me to come/ coming/come home late.
5. Tom used ride/ riding/ to ride a bicycle when he was a boy.
81
5
Страдательный залог (Passive Voice).

VII.Поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильную форму.


1. The beautiful house … (build) by an Italian architect 5 year ago.
2. The doctor … (just examine) Pavel.
3. Alpha Romeo cars … (make) in Italy.
4. A swimming pool … (build) in our town next year.
5. The letter … (type) at the moment.
6. My sister … (work) as a teacher for 25 years.

12
VIII. Выберите правильную форму глагола (Active or Passive Voice).
1. James Cameron was directed / directed Titanic.
2. The announcement will make / will be made tomorrow.
3. Marie Curie discovered / was discovered radium.
4. The picture has just been stolen / stole from Art Gallery.
5. France and Britain developed / was developed Concorde, the world`s fastest
plane, in 1960.

5
IX. Перепишите следующий отрывок в страдательном залоге.
1. Some people saw a UFO in the sky above London last night.
2. They reported it to the police.
3. The army sent a helicopter to look at it more closely.
4. The UFO shot the helicopter down and killed the pilots in it.
5. The people have already given photographs.
6. The experts are looking at the photographs now.

12
Might = will + perhaps.
X. Напишите предложения с might вместо will + perhaps.
Например: Perhaps it will rain tomorrow. It might rain tomorrow.
1. Perhaps we`ll go to Italy next year.
2. Perhaps Ann and Pete will buy a new computer soon.
3. Put the car keys somewhere safe. Perhaps you`ll lose them.
4. Do not buy this book. Perhaps your son won`t like it.
5. Don`t wait for me. Perhaps I`ll be late.
10
82
Stop and Check 4
Units 13-14

Present Perfect или Present Perfect Continuous.


I. Выберите правильный вариант.
1. Sorry. I`ve broken/ `ve been breaking your glasses.
2. I`m so hot because I`ve run/ `ve been running.
3. Ann is so tired because she has been shopping/ has shopped all day.
4. I have been reading/ have read 2 books this week.
5. I have known/ have been knowing Tom for 10 years.
6. Somebody has been stealing/ has stolen my wallet.
7. Tom is ill. He hasn`t been/ hasn`t been being to school since Tuesday.
8. Oh, no! I`ve been losing/ have lost my car keys.
9. I have written/ have been writing 3 letters today.
10. My uncle has had/ has been having Toyota for 2 years.
10
II. Закончите вопросы, поставив глаголы в скобках в Present Perfect
Simple or Continuous.
1. You can speak Chinese. How long … (learn) it?
2. Sorry. I’m late. How long … (wait) for me?
3. I heard you’ve had a new car. How long … (have) it?
4. The streets are wet. How long … (rain)?
5. You are so tired. How long … (work) in the garden?
10
III. Закончите предложения, поставьте глаголы в скобках в
правильную форму: Present Simple, Past Simple or Present Perfect.
Monica Cox. Tennis Player.
Monica 1) ... (be) a tennis player. She 2) … (win) many competitions in
her life. Monica 3) ... (start) playing tennis with her father when she was 3
years old. Two years ago she 4) … (go) to America to a famous tennis school in
California. Monica and her father 5) … (travel) to many countries. Last month
they 6) … (go) to a tennis competition to Australia. Monica 7) … (play) very
well, but she 8) … (not win). She 9) … (not play) at Wimbledon
Championship yet, but she 10) … (hope) to do so one day.
20
Косвенная речь. Reported Speech.
VI. Поставьте данные предложения в косвенную речь.
1. ”Have you seen this film?” Jane asked Helen.
83
2. Tom asked, “Where is Jill going?”
3. Sally said, “ I will buy a new skirt”.
4. Tom said, “Jerry has been my best friend since my childhood”.
5. The teacher said to us, “Be quiet”.
6. “Do not worry if I am late”, Jeff said.
7. ”I am going away tomorrow, mother”, he said.
8. He said to her, “ Do you like pizza?”
9. ”Where is the nearest bus stop”, asked the old man.
10. ”I have been to London twice”, said Roger.
20
Прошедшее совершённое(предпрошедшее)
Past Perfect
V. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильной форме: Past Perfect или
Past Simple.
1. Ann … (cook) lunch before the children came home.
2. Tom had driven for an hour when he … (reach) the village.
3. When we got to the theatre the play … (already, start).
4. My mother … (clean) the room by 3 o’clock.
5. I was hungry because I … (not have) any breakfast.
6. When Tom … (phone), Ann had left.
7. When mother arrived home her children … (fight).
8. John had eaten all the cakes by the time the other children … (come).
9. Helen … (learn) French before she became a teacher.
10. Laura … (type) 5 letters by 11 o’clock.
20
Past Simple or Past Perfect.
VI. Закончите рассказ, вставив нужную по смыслу форму глагола.
After Jim and Terry 1) … (finish) their breakfast, they 2) ... (take) their
bags and 3)… (go) to the river to fish. They 4) … (go) there before and 5) …
(catch) some big fish.
By 5 o’clock they 6) … (not catch) any fish, so they decided to go home.
When they 7) … (come) home, they 8) … (tell) their mother that they 9) …
(catch) the biggest fish, but it 10) … (run away).

20

84
Stop and Check (Keys). Ответы к заданиям.

Stop and Check 1 (units 1-4).

I.1. She plays the piano nicely.


2. Ann has got a small brown table.
3. He gave me a gold ring.
4. Every day at six o’clock I go swimming.
5. He usually comes to work by taxi.
6. Mary is cleaning a room now.
7. The children are playing in the garden at the moment.
8. When I came home the children were watching TV.

II.1.How much does it cost?


2. Who wants to see Sally?
3. When are we going to leave?
4. Whose children are they?
5. Where was Margaret last year?
6. Where do Janet and Paul live?
7. Who was watching TV when I came home?
8. Where did our teacher study?

III.1. lives 2. moved 3. left 4. was reading


5. is working 6. is teaching 7. is teaching 8. enjoys.

IV. 1. Yes, she/ he does./ No, she/ he doesn’t.


2. Yes, he has./ No, he hasn’t
3. Yes, I do./ No, I don’t.
4. Yes, they have./No. they haven’t.
V.
1. hear heard heard
2. leave left left
3. catch caught caught
4. bring brought brought
5. buy bought bought
6. break broke broken
7. feel felt felt
8. fall fell fallen
9. begin began begun
10. put put put

VI. 1) to, 2) for, 3) for, 4) at, 5) of, 6) -, 7) on, 8) on.

VII. 1) -, 2) a, 3) -, 4) the, 5) the, 6) the, 7) -, 8) -, 9)the, 10) -.

85
VIII. 1) much, 2) a few, 3) much (так как отрицательное предложение), 4) many, 5) any,
6) some, 7) some, 8) something, 9) somebody/someone, 10) somewhere.

Stop and Check 2. (Units 5-8).

I. 1) meeting 2) writing/to write 3) to organize 4) to meet 5) to go 6) staying.


II.1) to buy 2) watching 3) to drink 4) learning/to learn 5) smoking 6) moving.
III.1) am going to 2) will 3) will 4) are going 5) will 6) will 7) are going to 8) am
going to 9) will 10) will.

IV. a)
1. safe-safer-the safest;
2. funny-funnier-the funniest;
3. wet-wetter-the wettest;
4. expensive-more expensive-the most expensive;
5. bad-worse-the worst.
b) 1) the best 2) bigger 3) more beautiful 4) tall 5) the most expensive.

V.1) have known 2) were 3) helped 4) enjoyed 5) spent 6) lived 7) moved 8) have
visited 9) has just bought 10) haven’t seen.

VI.1) Have you ever been in Spain?


2) Went… 3) enjoyed 4) spent 5) have never visited.

VII.1) should 2) have to 3) have to 4) should 5) should 6) should 7) have to 8)


should.

Stop and Check 3.


(Units 9-12)

I. 1) Keeps, will complain. 2) will be angry, arrive 3) study, will pass 4) is, will stay 5)
ends, will do 6) earn, will buy 7) receive, won’t worry 8) is, will visit.

II. 1c; 2d; 3a;4b.

III. 1) studied, would be 2) lived, would speak 3) would buy, were 4) were, would go
5) were, would join.

IV. 1) If I had a lot of money, I’d buy a new car.


2) If Ann told Ann the truth she wouldn’t be angry with her.
3) If I had a plain, I’d travel all over the world.
4) If Tom didn’t spend a lot of money he wouldn’t be poor.
5) If my uncle didn’t smoke so much, he wouldn’t be ill.

86
V. 1) visiting 2) smoking 3) to go 4) to finish 5) study 6) to swim 7) to be.

VI. 1) go 2) to go 3) watching 4) come 5) to ride.

VII. 1) was built 2) has just examined 3) are made 4) will be built 5) is being typed
6) has worked.

VIII. 1) directed 2) will be made 3) discovered 4) has just been stolen 5) developed.

IX. 1) was seen 2) was reported 3) was sent 4) was shot, were killed 5) have been
given. 6) are being looked.

X. 1) We might go… 2) Ann and Pete might buy… 3) You might lose…
4) Your son might not like … 5) I might be…

Stop and Check 4.


(Units 13-14)

I. 1) I’ve broken 2) I’ve been running 3) she has been shopping 4) have read 5) have
known 6) has stolen 7) hasn’t been 8) I’ve lost 9) I’ve written 10) has had.

II.
1) Have you been learning. 3) Have you had it.
2) Have you been waiting/have you 4) Has it been raining/has it rained.
waited. 5) Have you been working.

III. 1) is 2) has won 3) started 4) went 5) have traveled 6) went


7) played 8) didn’t win 9) hasn’t played 10) hopes.

IV. 1) Jane asked Helen if she had seen that film.


2) Tom asked where Jill was going.
3) Sally said (that) she would buy a new skirt.
4) Tom said (that) Jerry had been his best friend since his childhood.
5) The teacher asked us to be quiet.
6) Jeff asked not to worry if he was late.
7) He told his mother that he was going away the next day.
8) He asked her if she liked pizza.
9) An old man asked where the nearest bus stop was.
10) Roger said (that) he had been to London twice.

V. 1) had cooked 2) reached 3) had started 4) had cleaned 5) hadn’t had 6) phoned
7) arrived 8) had fought 9) had learnt 10) had typed;

VI. 1) had finished 2) took 3) went 4) went 5) caught 6) hadn’t caught 7) came
8) told 9) had caught 10) had run away.
87
Appendix 1
Irregular verbs
Base form Past Simple Past Translation
Participle
be was/were been быть, являться
become became become становиться
begin began begun начинать
blow blew blown дуть
break broke broken ломать
bring brought brought приносить
build built built строить
burn burnt burnt жечь
buy bought bought покупать
can could been able мочь, уметь
catch caught caught ловить, поймать
choose chose chosen выбирать
come came come приходить
cost cost cost стоить
cut cut cut резать
do did done делать
draw drew drawn рисовать
dream dreamt dreamt мечтать, спать
drink drank drunk пить
drive drove driven водить машину
eat ate eaten есть, кушать
fall fell fallen падать
feel felt felt чувствовать
find found found находить
fly flew flown летать
forget forgot forgotten забывать
get got got получать, становиться
give gave given давать
go went gone идти
grow grew grown расти, вырастить
have had had иметь
hear heard heard слышать
hit hit hit ударять
hold held held держать, проводить
hurt hurt hurt ранить, повредить
keep kept kept держать, хранить
know knew known знать
lead led led вести
learn learnt learnt учить, изучать
leave left left оставлять, покидать

88
lend lent lent давать взаймы
lose lost lost терять
make made made делать
mean meant meant значить, означать
meet met met встречать
must had to had to должен
pay paid paid платить
put put put класть, положить
read read read читать
ring rang rung звонить
rise rose risen вставать, подниматься
run ran run бежать
say said said говорить
see saw seen видеть
sell sold sold продавать
send sent sent посылать, отправлять
show showed shown показывать
shut shut shut закрывать
sing sang sung петь
sink sank sunk тонуть, погружаться
sit sat sat сидеть
sleep slept slept спать
speak spoke spoken говорить
spend spent spent тратить, проводить
stand stood stood стоять
steal stole stolen красть, воровать
swim swam swum плавать
take took taken брать, взять
teach taught taught учить, преподавать
tear tore torn рвать
tell told told говорить, рассказывать
think thought thought думать, полагать
throw threw thrown бросать
understand understood understood понимать
wake woke woken просыпаться
wear wore worn одевать, носить
win won won побеждать, выигрывать
write wrote written писать

89
Appendix 2
Word + preposition
(break sth) by accident (to)-go out with sb = be boyfriend and
according to (the weather forecast) girlfriend (to be) good at sth
an advertisement for sth (to be) on holiday
afraid of (dogs) (to be) at home (But (to) go home)
at the age of (six) (to be) impressed by sb/sth
(I don't) agree with (you). (to be) interested in sb/sth
(to) apply for (a job) (to have) an interview for a job
(to) argue with sb about sth (to) invite sb to (a party) or for (dinner)
(to) arrive at (the station) = at a place (to) laugh at sb/sth
(to) arrive in (England) = in a country (to) listen to sb/sth
(to) ask for sth (to) look after (sb who is ill)
(to be) aware of (a problem) (to) look at (a picture)
(to) believe in (God) (to) look for (sth you have lost)
(to) belong to sb (to) look forward to (a holiday)
(to be) bored with sb/sth (to be) in love with sb
(go) by bus, train, car (We've got lamb) for (lunch/dinner).
in the (19th) century (to be) married to sb (The room's) in a
(Have you got) change for (a pound)? mess.
(I'm) in charge. in the north/south
on the coast (to) operate on sb
(I) come from (Scotland). (This machine's) out of order.
Compared with (other schools, this one is (to) pay (£500) for (a car)
cheap). (to) point (a gun) at sb/sth
(to) complain about (the food) in (good) (to) rely on sb/sth as a result
condition (to) sell sth for (£300)
(to) deal with (a problem) (to) share sth with sb
(She has a) degree in (English literature). (Your shirt is) similar to (mine).
(to) depend on (the weather) (to) speak to sb about sth
(to) develop into (a big business) (to) spend money on (clothes)
(to) die of (a heart attack) (to) steal sth from sb
(to be) different from/to sb/sth a story about sb/sth
(Your country is) different from/to (mine). (to be) on strike for (more money)
in the distance (to) suffer from sth
(to) dream about sb/sth (to) talk to sb about sth
(to be) fed up with sb/sth on television
(to) fight against sb/sth (to) think about (What are you thinking
(to) find out about sb/sth on a flight to about?)
(London) (to) think of (What do you think of Van
(to live) on the (third) floor Gogh?)
(to) forget about sb/sth (to) throw (tomatoes) at sb a ticket for (a
(to be) full of (energy) concert)
(to) get on (well) with sb (to be) tired of sb/sth

90
(to get) in touch with sb
(to) wait for sb/sth
on the way (to school)
(to) work as (a teacher)
(to) work for (an organization)
(to) worry about sb/sth
to write (a letter) to sb

91
Prepositions of time
in in the morning/afternoon/evening; in January, etc.; in summer, etc.;
in 1985; in the 1920s; in two weeks; in two week’s time; in your
free time
at at six o’clock, etc.; at night; at midnight; at Christmas/Easter; at the
weekend; at the moment
on on Saturday, etc.; on Monday morning, etc.; on 18 January, etc.
for for six days, etc.; for a long time; for a while; for ages.
since since 18 July, etc; since Monday; since I was eight; since I arrived.
during during the film/lesson/war/holidays/winter, etc.
while while I was on holiday/ we were watching the film/ he was coming
to school, etc.
Appendix 3

Таблицы

Таблица 1. Вопросительные слова.

When ? Когда ?
What? Что ? Какой ?
What colour ? Какого цвета ?
Where ? Где ? Куда ?
Who? Кто ?
Whom ? Кого ? Кому?
Whose ? Чей ?
Which ? Который ?
Why ? Почему ?
How ? Как ?
How many ? Сколько ? (с исчисляемыми сущ –
ми)
How much ? Сколько ? (с неисчисляемыми сущ –
ми)
How long ? Как долго?

93
Таблица 2. Видовременные формы английского глагола в
активном залоге.
Present Past Future
Every day, usually, Yesterday, last time, last Tomorrow, next time,
every year, seldom … year, a week ago, next year, in a week…
when…
Simple

I I I
You play You We
We write We played You will (‘ll) play
They They wrote They will (‘ll) write
He plays He He
She writes She She
Do I I I
you you we
we play? Did we play? Will you play?
they write? they write? they write?
Does he he he
she she she
I I I
You do not play You We
We (don’t) write We did not play You will not play
They They (didn’t) write They (won’t) write
He He
He does not play She She
She (doesn’t) write

At the moment, now At that time, yesterday, Tomorrow, at this time,


at 5 o’clock, when he this time, next Monday
came
Progressive (be + ing – form)

I am I I
You playing He was We be
We are writing She playing playing
They We writing He will (‘ll)
He is You were She be
She They writing
You
They

Am I I I
you Was he we be playing?
playing she playing? Will he
94
Are we ? we writing? she be writing?
they writing Were you you
Is he ? they they
she
I am not I
He was not I
You She (wasn’t) We
We are not playing playing He will not be
They (aren’t) writing You writing playing
We were not She (won’t) be writing
He is not They (weren’t) You
She (isn’t) They

Today, already, yet, By 5 o’clock, by the By this time, next


this week (month, end of…, when he came Monday, as soon as, he
year), never, recently, came
since…
Prefect (have + V3)

I I I
You have played You played We have played
We written We had written You will
They They He have written
He has He She
She She They
I I I
Have we we we played?
you played? Had you played? Will you have
they written? they written they written?
Has he he ? he
she she she
I I I
You have not You We have played
We (haven’t) We had not played You will not
They played They(hadn’t) written He (won’t)
written He She have played
He has not She They
She (hasn’t)
Present Past Future

95
Present Past
Since then, for an hour, already, Since the time when, before…
for a long time… How long...?
Since when…?
Perfect Progressive (have been + ing – from)

I I
You have You
We We had been playing/ writing
They been playing They
been writing He
He has She
She
I I
we you
Have you Had we been playing/ writing?
they been playing? they
been writing? he
Has he she
she
I I
You You
We have not We had not been playing
They (haven’t) been playing They (hadn’t) been writing
been writing He
He has not She
She (hasn’t)

Таблица 3. Местоимения some, any и их производные.

+ - ?
some not any any
(некоторый, несколько)
somebody/someone not anybody/anyone anybody/anyone
(кто-то) nobody/no one
something not anything anything
(что-то) nothing
somewhere not anywhere anywhere
nowhere

96
Таблица 4. Verb Patterns(1).

Verb + -ing Verb +Infinitive Verb + -ing/


to V V Verb +Infin.
like want can begin
dislike decide could start
love swimming forget to phone may come continue
hate cooking promise to come might open
enjoy need must
finish help should
stop hope will
mind try would
suggest agree do/don’t
refuse does/doesn’t
would like
would love

Таблица 5. Verb Patterns(2)

Verb +ing Verb + infinitive


1) после составных глаголов, таких 1) в качестве обстоятельства цели
как: go on, keep on, give up, put off, (отвечает на вопрос Why? Зачем?
etc.: Go on reading. He gave up Для чего?): I am learning English to
smoking. get a good job.

2) посkе любого глагола, имеющего 2) в качестве подлежащего после


предлог: depend on, look forward to, некоторых прилагательных:
think of, etc.: I’m looking forward to It’s nice to see you. That book was
hearing from you. difficult to read.
3)после прилагательных с 3) в качестве дополнения после
фиксированным предлогом: be afraid вопросительных слов: Can you tell
of, be fond of, be interested in, be worth me how to get to the station?
of, feel like, etc.: This film is worth I don’t know who to speak to.
seeing.
4) после предлогов after, before, 4) в качестве определения после
besides, on, without, instead of, etc.: неопределенных местоимений: I
Before going abroad Nick visited his have nothing to give you.
mother. Have you got anything else to say?

97
Таблица 6. Степени сравнения прилагательных.

Положительн. Сравнительн. Превосходн.


(positive) (comparative) (superlative)
A - -er -est
Односложн. low lower lowest
прилагат. nice nicer nicest
hot hotter hottest
Двусложн.
прилагат.
на: 1) -y pretty prettier prettiest
2) -ow narrow narrower narrowest
3) -le simple simpler simplest
4) -er clever cleverer cleverest
B - more … most …
Многослож. useful more useful most useful
прилагат. terrible more terrible most terrible
Исключения good better best
bad worse worst
little less least
much/many more most

Таблица 7. Модальные глаголы и их эквиваленты.

Модальные Эквиваленты Present Simple Past Simple Future


глаголы и модальных Simple
их значение глаголов
can be able to can could ___
могу, умею мочь, быть в
состоянии am was shall
is able to able to be able to
are were will
must have to must ___ ___
должен, be to
обязан, приходится, have (has) to had to shall (will)
нужно, должен have to
необходимо am (is, are) to was (were) to ___
may be allowed to may might ___
могу, иметь
имею разрешение am was shall (will)
разрешение is allowed allowed to be allowed
to were to
are

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Таблица 8. Функции модальных глаголов.

Функции Модальные Примеры


глаголы
Ability can Can you swim? No, I can’t. I can run
(способность, (в настоящем или fast though. – Умеешь ты плавать?
умение) будущем) Нет, не умею. Однако я умею
could быстро бегать.
was/were able to
(повторяющиеся She could/was able to dance for
действия в hours when she was young. – Она
прошлом) могла танцевать часами в
was/were able to молодости.
(удалось) He was able to win the race. – Он
couldn’t смог выиграть гонки.
wasn’t/weren’t able I couldn’t/wasn’t able to find my key.
to - Я не смог найти свои ключи.
(повторяющиеся He couldn’t/wasn’t able to ski when
или одиночные he was young. – Он не умел
действия в кататься на лыжах в молодости.
прошлом)
Possibility/ may (возможно) He may be before noon. – Он
probability возможно вернётся до обеда.
(вероятность) might ( возможно) There might be some cheese in the
fridge. – В холодильнике возможно
could (возможно) есть сыр.
He could still be at home. – Он
must (вероятно; возможно ещё дома.
должно быть) They look alike. They must be twins. –
can’t Они очень похожи. Должно быть они
(Это невозможно; близнецы.
Я так не думаю) You have been sleeping all day. You
can he be? (Разве can’t be tired. – Ты весь день спал. Ты
это возможно?) не можешь быть уставшей.
Can he still be at work? – Разве он
может быть ещё на работе?
Permission can Can I borrow your pen? – Можно
(разрешение) (неофициальное мне взять твою ручку?
обращение) Could I borrow your car? –
could (более Разрешите мне взять вашу
вежливое машину?
обращение) May I use your phone? – Разрешите
may (официальное воспользоваться вашим
обращение) телефоном?
might (ещё более Might I see your driving license,
99
официально) please? – Вы позволите взглянуть
на Ваши водительские права?

Requests, can (просьба) Can you help me tidy my room? – Ты


offers, мог бы мне помочь убрать мою
suggestions Could (вежливая комнату?
(просьбы, просьба; Could I have a little more cake? –
предложения) предложение) Можно мне ещё немного торта?
Would you like Would you like some more lemonade?
(вежливое – Хотите ещё лимонада?
предложение) Shall I post this letter for you? –
Shall I/we Хотите я отправлю Ваше письмо?
(предложение) Shall we buy him a present? – Может
быть мы купим ему подарок?
I’ll make you some coffee if you want. –
will (предложение, Я сделаю тебе кофе, если ты хочешь.
просьба) Will you do me a favour? – Вы не
окажете мне любезность?
Advice should You should go to the dentist. – Тебе
(совет) следует пойти к стоматологу.
had better You’d better see your dentist. – Тебе
следует пойти к стоматологу.
Obligation, must (должен, We must follow the school rules. – Мы
necessity обязан) должны следовать школьным
(обязанность, правилам.
необходимост I must see a doctor. – Мне нужно к
ь) have to (должен, врачу.
вынужден) I have to do my homework every day. –
Мне приходится делать домашнее
I’ve got to задание каждый день.
(необходимо) I’ve got to leave early today. – Мне
нужно уйти рано сегодня.
Absence of mustn’t (запрет) You mustn’t park here. – Здесь нельзя
necessity/ парковаться. (Это запрещено)
prohibition can’t (запрет) You can’t enter the club without a card.
(отсутствие – Вы не можете войти в этот клуб
необходимост без карточки.(Не разрешается)
и, запрет) don’t need/have to You don’t need/have to do it now. You
(нет can do it later. – Тебе не нужно
необходимости в делать это сейчас. Ты можешь
настоящем/ сделать это позже.
будущем) He didn’t need|have to go to work
didn’t need/have to yesterday because it was Sunday/ – Ему
(не было не нужно было идти вчера на

100
необходимости в работу, так как было воскресенье.
прошлом)

Таблица 9. Видовременные формы английского глагола в пассивном залоге.

Passive
Simple Progressive Perfect Perfect
Progressive
Present

sometimes, now, still, at the already, ever, just,

Perfectупотребляются формыPerfect ProgressiveВместо отсутствующих форм


every day, often, moment never, yet
always, etc. am have
am is being asked been asked
is asked are has
are
Past

yesterday, two when he came, at by the time,


years ago, in that moment, already, etc.
1995, etc. etc.
was have
asked was been asked
were being asked has
were
Future

tomorrow вместо by the time in the


отсутствующей future
формы
will be asked Future will have been
Progressive asked
употребляется
Future Simple
нитивИнфи-

be V3 be being V3 have been V3

101
Additional exerceises

Unit 1
I. Постройте общие вопросы.
1. They are studying German.
2. He speaks English well.
3. She is 16.
4. We are good students
5. You like coffee.
6. He can swim.
7. You will like it.
8. She is reading an interesting book.
II. Постройте специальные вопросы, используя предложенные
вопросительные слова.
1. He is a student. (What)
2. We are going to Italy. (Where)
3. This is my book. (Whose)
4. I like comfortable furniture. (What kind of).
5. I go to Moscow twice a year. (How often)
6. He gets to the university by train. (How)
7. We are studying to get good education. (Why)
8. He is leaving tomorrow. (When)
III. Постройте вопросы из предложенных слов.
1. it, time, what, is
2. car, you, like, do, which
3. is, how, it, much
4. speaking, is, who
5. brother, is, How, your, old
6. students, are, many, in, how, there, the class
7. unwell, why, she, is
8. does, how, you, it, long, take, to, the university, to, get.
IV. Постройте вопросы к следующим предложениям.
1. Lisa is so lazy.
2. You are still working.
3. Sarah doesn’t speak French.
4. He got up at 7.
5. Jim has gone to Spain.
6. Your parents have not come yet.
102
7. They enjoyed the film.
8. It was hard work.
V. Исправьте ошибки в следующих вопросах.
1. The film is exciting, doesn’t it?
2. Where this vase was made?
3. Who did broke the window?
4. What car is yours? – The white one.
5. When was you graduate from the university?
6. What you are looking for?
7. Do Mary lives in Kent?
8. You haven’t written the report, haven’t you?

Unit 2 A.
I. Образуйте отрицательные и вопросительные формы
следующих предложений.
Например: He works hard. He doesn’t work hard. Does he work hard?
1. My sister gets up at 7 o’clock
1. They speak English well.
2. In the evening we gather in the living-room.
3. Usually I drink coffee.
4. You read newspapers in the evening
5. My uncle writes books.
6. We bake cakes at week-ends
7. Babies always sleep after dinner.
II. Раскройте скобки. Напишите предложения, употребив
необходимую форму Present Simple.
1. I (read) books in the evening.
2. I (not read) books in the morning.
3. He (help) his mother every day.
4. We (not go) to the country in winter.
5. You (play) chess well?
6. She (speak) English fluently?
7. My mother (work) at school. She (not want) to change her occupation.
8. When you (get) up? – Usually I (get) up at 7 and my brother (not get)
up until 8.

103
III. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple или в
Present Continuous.
1. Coffee (not grow) in France.
2. I (come) from Russia. Where you (come) from?
3. How often she (go) to the swimming – pool? – Twice a week.
4. What you (write)? – Be quiet! I (write) a report.
5. We (not have) an English lesson now. We (have) it on Thursday.
6. What newspaper you (read)? – It (be) an English newspaper.
7. You (want) to read it? – Yes. But I (not know) English well enough.
8. Andrew (get) up early as he (live) far from the university. He (get)
there by bus. He (not like) it and now he (think) of moving.
IV. Образуйте отрицательные и вопросительные формы
следующих предложений.
1. She is having breakfast.
2. She is drinking tea.
3. He is cutting bread and sausage.
4. They are making sandwiches.
5. We are studying German.
6. You are working over the report.
7. I am cooking dinner.
8. It is getting dark.
V. Раскройте скобки. Напишите предложения, употребив
необходимую форму Present Continuous.
1. I (not drink) coffee now. I (write) an English exercise.
2. Look! The baby (sleep).
3. Your friend (do) his homework now?
4. My father (not sleep) now, he (work) in the garden.
5. What your sister (do) now? – She (watch) TV.
6. Where you (go)? – I (meet) my friends.
7. The children (eat) soup now.
8. I (look) for Bill. – He (have) dinner.
9. Look! Kate (dance). She (smile) and (wave) her hand at us.
10. She (not eat) sweets now. – She (try) to get thinner? – Yes, she …
11. I (study) well to get a red diploma.
12. Where are the children? – They (play) in the yard.
13. Listen! Who (play) the piano in the next room?
14. What you (do)? – We (listen) to music.
15. John (pack) his things. Where he (go)? – He (go) to Liverpool.
16. Look at the sky: the clouds (move) slowly, the sun (appear) from

104
behind the clouds, it (get) warmer.
VI. Исправьте ошибки. Все предложения в Present Continuous.
1. He going to see his friends.
2. What she is doing?
3. We not cooking now.
4. I is writing a letter to my aunt.
5. What is she write? – She is write an article.
6. Ten students is sitting in the class.
7. Where they are going?
8. Are you leaving tomorrow?

Unit 2 B
I. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple или в
Present Continuous.
1. What (happen)? You (not seem) very happy – I (write) an essay. I
(think) over the plan.
2. Try this pizza! – Oh, it (smell) fine and it (taste) fine. You (cook)
well!
3. She (have) a nice room in the hotel. – She (have) a bath? – No,
she (have) a shower, but she (like) it.
4. Your family (leave) Taganrog in summer? – Yes, we always (go)
to the country. We all (like) the countryside. Mother (stay) with us to the
end of August, but father (return) much earlier.
5. You (see) the man in blue shirt? You (recognize) him?
6. I (not understand) this word. What it (mean)?
7. What you (do)? – I (want) to cook something for dinner – You
(not eat) out today? – No, we (stay) at home.
8. Stop crying. I (hate) complaints.
II. Перепишите предложения. Исправьте ошибки.
1. In summer John not goes to the swimming – pool
2. Would you like a cigarette? – No, thanks. I am not smoking.
3. Usually I work till 4, but this week I work till 5. I am wanting to
earn some extra money.
4. Do he likes it? – Yes, he do.
5. My mother is a nurse. She work in the hospital. But she doesn’t
work now. She is on holiday.
6. Do you listen to me?! – I am hearing you, don’t shout.
7. They speaks English well.
8. What language are you speaking well?

105
III. Напишите, что из перечисленного ниже есть у Вас или
Ваших друзей.
Например: I don’t have a CD player. My friend has got a CD player.
a) bike
b) walkman
c) parrot
d) leather jacket
IV. Раскройте скобки. Напишите следующие предложения в
Present Continuous.
1. How is your granny? – She (get) better.
2. I (read) a very interesting book at the moment.
3. Look! The sun (rise).
4. You (go) to bed? – Goodnight, then.
5. Paul (work) this week? – No, he (not work).
6. We (enjoy) this party. It’s great!
7. My grandfather is retired. He (not work) now.
8. Excuse me. Anybody (sit) here?
V. Определите, правильно ли построены следующие
предложения. Если предложения неверны, предложите
правильный вариант.
1. Are you recognizing me?
2. I don’t want coffee. I am liking tea these days.
3. What does this word mean?
4. Are you having pets?
5. She’s having bad memory. She doesn’t even remember her phone
number!
5. Are you listening to me? – I am not hearing anything.
6. Who is this umbrella belonging to? – I have no idea.
7. He never eats porridge. He doesn’t like it.
VI. Постройте вопросы к выделенной части каждого
предложения.
1. She comes from Egypt.
2. They like playing football at the weekend.
3. I like classic music.
4. He smokes 10 cigarettes a day.
5. Sandra is reading.
6. My mother is a teacher.

Unit 2 C

106
I. Choose the correct form of the verb.
1. Is Susan working / Does Susan work this week? -No, she's on holiday.
2. How often are you looking / do you look up the words in the
dictionary?
3. How are you feeling / do you feel now? Better than before?
4. When I am coming / come home my parents are having / have dinner.
5. What are you doing / do you do? – I am writing / write a composition.
6. What are you doing / do you do? – I am a student.
7. Peter and Ann are coming / come to see us today.
8. Where are you going/do you go?
II. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form.
1. Don't take an umbrella. It (not rain) any more.
2. I (not go) out this evening.
3. What are you busy with? - I (work over) the report in philosophy.
Why you (not use) the references? -I (look up) in them.
4. What time you (leave) tomorrow?
5. What you (do)? – I (meet) my friends at the station.
6. Jan (not play) football on Saturday. He's hurt his leg.
7. Why you (learn) English? -I need it for my job.

Unit 2 D
I. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form, Present Simple or
Present Continuous.
1. You (be) so friendly usually but today you (be) rude.
2. What time you (leave) tomorrow? – We (leave) at 10.30.
3. What time the train (leave) tomorrow? – It (leave) at 10.30.
4. What you (do) tomorrow morning? – I (see) my bank manager.
5. You always (play) computer games. You should do it less.
6. Alex (get) married next month.
7. What time the film (start)?
8. What’s happened with Tom? – He (be) so nervous these days.
II. Compose the sentences using linking words (and, so, but, because,
however, although).
1. I (go) to the country. I (not like) it.
2. She never (eat) pasta. She (prefer) Chinese food.
3. She (be) tired. She (go) home.
4. I (study) at the university. I (not work) full-time.
5. I (enjoy) study. I (not like) some teachers.
III. Insert the appropriate question word.

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-Hello! a)_____are you getting on?
-Fine, thanks. b)_____is that girl?
-It's Tom's cousin, Mary. c)_____are you asking? Have you met her?
-I saw her at the conference last week d)____does she come from?
- From Spain.
-e)_____does she do?
-She is a student. But she is going to leave.
-f) ____?
-She wants to work in a charity organization.
-g)_____organization? The Red Cross or the Salvation Army?
-I don't know.
-h) ____ ?
-For about a year.
- i)_____is she going to get there?
-She's got an invitation.
-j)_____is she leaving?
- In a month.
IV. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form, Present Simple or
Present Continuous.
1. It (smell) awful. I (not want) to try it.
2. You (look) so sad today. What you (think) about?
3. He (be) so nice today.
4. He never (think) about other people.
5. How you (feel) now?
6. The phone always (ring), while we (have) dinner.
7. What time Cathy (arrive) tomorrow? – At 10.30. I (meet) her at the
station.
8. What you (do) on Tuesday morning? – I (see) my dentist.
V. Translate into English.
1. Она сегодня такая нервная. Это на неё не похоже.
2. Во вторник я играю в волейбол, в среду еду к тете, в четверг
пытаюсь подготовиться к экзамену.
3. Твой английский становиться все лучше.
4. Тебе нравится эта пьеса? – Да, я смотрю её с удовольствием.
5. Я хочу похудеть, и поэтому всю неделю не ужинаю.
6. Том такой странный. Он постоянно смеется.
7. Что ты ищешь? Ты всегда теряешь кошелек!

Unit 3A

108
I. Просмотрите таблицу неправильных глаголов (Headway …),
выберите II форму следующих глаголов (некоторые глаголы
правильные).
say arrive live read go meet write invent put look
II. Перепишите предложения в Past Simple
Например: I go to the theater. - I went to the theater yesterday.
1. How do you get there? – I get there by train.
2. We go to the country every Sunday. We don’t go there by car we go
there on foot.
3. He helps his sister.
4. When we are in the forest we cook meals on a fire.
5. She meets her friends in the evening.
6. I don’t get up at 7.
7. We spend our holidays in the mountains.
8. They pass the exam.
III. Раскроите скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple
1. I (have) my English lesson yesterday.
2. You (ring) me up an hour ago? What you (want)? –I (want) to invite
you to the party.
3. Queen Elizabeth (be) born in 1926. She (become) Queen of England
in 1952.
4. Mother (cook) a very tasty dinner last Sunday.
5. We (not buy) a present for her yesterday.
IV. Перепишите предложения в Past Continuous.
Например: I am watching TV now – I was watching TV the whole
evening yesterday.
1. I am writing an English exercise.
2. My little sister is sleeping now.
3. My friends are not doing their homework at the moment.
4. They are playing volleyball.
5. What are you doing? – I am having lunch.
6. Why isn’t she eating? –She is keeping to a diet.
7. I am listening to music now.
8. We are working hard.
V. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple или Past
Continuous.
1. I (play) computer games yesterday.
2. I (play) computer games from 5 till 7 yesterday.
3. What Nick (do) when you came to his place?

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4. What he (do) yesterday? – He (read).
5. My brother (not play) tennis yesterday. He (play) tennis the whole day
last Sunday.
6. When he (come) to my place, I (cook) dinner, we (eat) it and (drink)
tea.
7. When we (be) in the country last summer, we (go) to the wood one
day.
8. When I (come) home, my sister (sleep).

Unit 3B
I. Pаскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple или Past
Continuous. Обратите внимание на сочетание Past
Simple(однократное действие)/Past Continuous (процесс) в
сложноподчиненных предложениях.
Например: When I saw her, she was speaking.
1. When Nick (come) home, his brother (play) with the toys.
2. When I (walk) along the street, I suddenly (meet) my old friend.
3. He (think) about his plan, when he (fall) asleep.
4. Yesterday at one o’clock I (have) lunch at the canteen.
5. My friends (come) up to me, when I (drink) coffee.
6. I (invite) them to the table and we (continue) lunch together.
7. You (be) busy, when I (go) out.
8. Why you (not tell) me? – I (not want) to disturb you.
II. Перепишите предложения, употребляя предлоги времени in,
at, on, где необходимо:
1. I began writing, my composition __ nine o’clock and finished
__midnight.
2. __ summer we go to the Black Sea, __winter we usually go to the
mountains.
3. My birthday is __ 6th of December .
4. __ last month we saw a very interesting play in the theatre.
5. We are going to Moscow __ Tuesday.
6. I never work ___ week-ends.
7. __ tonight these is a new film on TV.
8. __ Christmas day we usually give presents to each other.
III. Перепишите предложения. Вставьте while, during, for
Помните: while +придаточное предложение; During +
существительное; For + числительное.
! Исключения for ages, for a long time

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1. Hello! I haven’t seen you___ ages.
2. I have been studying here___ 3 mouths.
3. Don’t speak ___ the meal!
4. They had this of food ___ 7 days.
5. ___ my vacations I saw all my friends.
6. ___ I was writing, my little sister interrupted me several times.
7. ___ the rating week students try to get credits in all subjects.
8. I am keeping to a diet.
IV. Перепишите предложения, вставьте предлоги:
1. I don’t want to ask ___ anybody’s help
2. She is afraid ___ sharks.
3. All my friends are interested ___ computer.
4. Look! My bag is similar ___ yours!
5. He is very good ___ Maths and Physics.
6. She works___ a very big company.
7. Can I speak ___ Mary, please.
8. I can’t agree ___ you!

Unit 3 C
I. Choose the correct form of the verb.
E. g.: Yesterday we visited / visits / were visiting our relatives.
1. Yesterday at 5 o’clock we drunk/drank/were drinking coffee.
2. When you phoned/was phoning/were phoning, I
watched/watching/was watching a film.
3. Nick graduates/graduated/was graduating from the university in
1998.
4. While my mother cooked/cooking/was cooking, I did/doing/was doing
the washing up.
5. Sally wrote/writing/was writing a letter for an hour yesterday.
II. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form Past Simple or Past
Continuous.
1. Last week while I (drive) home I (see) two boys. They (look for)
something and (cry). I (stop) and (help) them to find the key they had
lost. They (be) happy and (thank) me.

Unit 3D
I. Close - text. Fill in the gaps, using prepositions where
necessary. Put the verbs in brackets using Past Simple or Past
Continuous.

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_____ last month I (buy) a wonderful plant. It (have) beautiful
leaves and very difficult name _____ I (carry) it to the bus stop, I (meet)
my friend. She (like) my new plant, too. I (get) on the bus and (hold) the
plant in the stretched arms_____ 20 minutes, because I (be) afraid to
damage it. I (wait) _____ the moment when I come home. When I
(come) home, I (see), that my husband and my daughter (sit) on the floor
and (discuss) something. When I (come) nearer I (see) a new ball.
_____ that evening the whole family (be) happy. I (water) my plant
regularly and it (grow) very well. But I (not see) how my daughter (play)
with the ball. I (think)____ she (not like) it. But then something strange
(happen). My plant (get) worse and worse. I (not understand) the reason.
I (try) to do my best and help. Nothing (change). I (look) _____ it closer
and (see) some scotch around its stem. The stem (be) broken. I (ask) my
family where they (play) football and (clear) out that_____
weekend_____ they (play), my daughter (kick) the ball and (get) into the
plant.
They (put) some scotch around it and ______ a week (look) the plant
and (hope) that it would grow. But it (not grow) and that (be) the end of
my wonderful plant. My family (try) to calm me. They (say) that they
(be) sorry about it, but my daughter (learn) how to kick the ball and I
should have been happy about it.

Unit 4A
I. Перепишите предложения, употребляя some или any.
1. There are ____ shops in the street.
2. Are there____ pictures in this book?
3. I have ____ flowers in the vase.
4. I see ____ children in the yard.
5. Are there____ new buildings in your street?
6. They didn’t bring ____ books from the library.
7. Have you got ____ time to spare?
8. I haven’t got ____ money to waste.
II. Перепишите предложения употребляя many, much, a lot of.
1. How ____ relatives have you got? – Oh, I have ____ relatives.
2. How ____ is it? – It doesn’t cost you ____ money. It’s free of charge.
3. She doesn’t have ____ mistakes in her test.

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4. There were ____ friends at the party yesterday, but I didn’t see____.
5. There was ____ soap in the box. Have we got ____ now?
6. How ____ sugar should I put? - 3 teaspoons. I like ____sugar in my
coffee.
7. She gave children ____ bread and butter, because they didn’t want
____ salad.
8. How ____ old houses are there in your street? – I live in the centre of
town, so there are ____ old houses.
III. Перепишите предложения употребляя артикли, где
необходимо.
1. There is ____ tree in ____ garden. ____tree is very old.
2. We wrote____ dictation. Dictation was long.
3. She is ____ doctor. Her children are ____students.
4. I’m going to ____market.
5. I’d like to swim in____ Baltic Sea.
6. How do you get there? - By____ train and my friends on ____foot.
7. I don’t like Coke. My friends drink it 5 times____day.

Unit 4B
I. Перепишите предложения, вставьте some, any, a lot of, much,
many, a few, a little
1. Please don’t put ____ pepper on the meat.
2. There were ____ plates on the table.
3. Did she write you ____ letters from the country? – Yes, she
wrote____
4. He got satisfactory mark. Only____ of his answers were correct.
5. I have ____ time, so I can’t go with you.
6. He had ____ English books at home so he had go to the library for
more books.
7. I don’t have ____ bags. Just ____ , perhaps one or two.
8. Do we have ____ chalk? – Yes, we have ____ chalk here.
II. Перепишите предложения, вставляя производные some и any.
1. Is ____ here?
2. Stop talking! I can’t hear____.
3. I put my dictionary ____ yesterday and now I can’t find it____.
4. ____ left a magazine in our classroom yesterday.
5. I didn’t see ____ in the street when I went out.
6. I don’t know ____ about it.
7. Is there ____you want to tell me?

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8. ____strange is going on. I can’t understand____.
III. Перепишите предложения вставляя артикли, где
необходимо.
“Is there ____post-office near ____ house you live in?”
“Yes, there is. Go to ____ corner of____ street along which ____
trains run. Then turn to ____left and walk down ____ street. Do not
cross ____ street. You will see, “Post-and- Telegraph Office”. “Thank
You very much. I must buy ____ stamps, send ____ telegram and ask
whether they receive____ parcels there. I want to send ____ parcel to
____ old friend. It will be her birthday in ____ couple of days. Perhaps
you can tell me where I can find ____ shop that one can buy as____
presents? “ “Yes, certainly. There’s ____very good shop not far from
here. I am sure you will find ____ nice present there.”

Unit 4C
I. Insert some, any or their derivatives.
1. Has _____ seen my bag? –It’s under the table.
2. I want to eat_____. I’m really very hungry.
3. I’ve made _____tea and _____toasts.
4. I’ll go and buy _____sugar, we don’t have _____ sugar. – Buy_____
cakes, too.
5. She didn’t tell _____about her plans. She disappeared_____.
6. _____ happened last night.
II. Fill in the gaps using a lot of, a few, a little, much and many.
1. Oh, we don’t need _____ minced beef for this pie, just _____.
2. I hate onion and don’t cut _____ of it.
3. But I like _____ pepper in any meat dish.
4. There are cafés in the centre of the town. –How _____?
5. Have you got _____ apples? –No, just _____
6. There is _____ luggage in the airport.
7. I don’t drink _____ milk.
III. Insert the articles where necessary.
1. Tom bought_____ car. _____car is rather old.
2. Did you find _____ sweater you were looking for?
3. _____ couple of days ago we went to ___café. _____café is
situated in _____centre of town.
4. Ken is _____ sailor. He spends most of his life at _____sea.
5. You should go to _____doctor. –You should go to _____ bed at
least.

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6. All tourists try to see _____St. Paul’s Cathedral and _____ Tower
of London.
7. _____ police have arrested _____most dangerous criminal of
_____world.
8. Do you like _____ chocolate? –No, _____ sweet is bad for me.

Unit 4 D
I. Insert the appropriate expressions of quantity or their derivatives.
1. She didn’t take ____ money with her.
2. There is ____ at the door!
3. Has ____ seen my bag?
4. Have you got ____ in your eye?
5. Can I have ____ sugar, please?
6. If ____ has ____ questions, I‘ll be pleased to answer them.
7. I’m sorry for ____ trouble I’ve caused.
8. You can catch ____bus. They all go to the centre.
1. I wants to leave early, they can.
2. Is ____ here to see you?
3. We didn’t spend ____ money.
4. We must be quick, we have ____time.
5. I have ____ time, so I can go with you.
6. She’s lucky. She has ____ problems.
7. Things are not going so well for her. She has ____ problems.
8. He goes out ____ He likes going out.
II. Insert articles where necessary.
1. My brother is in ____ army.
2. How much are those potatoes? - ₤ 1.20 ____Kilo
3. I had ____ sandwich and ____ cup of____ tea. ____sandwich was
nice, but ____ tea was terrible.
4. Have you got this T-shirt in size S?
5. Your bag is ____ same color as mine.
6. There are millions of stars in space.
7. London is ____ capital of ____ United Kingdom.
8. What would you like for ____lunch?
9. ____ Sun is ____ star.
10. Where is Tom? –He is in ____room 509.
11. She goes to ____ church every Sunday.
12. We went to ____ hospital to visit our friends.
13. I’d like to go to ____ sea in summer.

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14. All children go to ____school at ____ age of 6.
15. It can be dangerous to swim in ____ sea.
16. ____crime is ____ problem in ____ big cities.
17. Did you like ____apple pie we had yesterday?
18. ____vegetables are good for you.
19. ____ young need more help from ____ government.
20. ____ French are famous for their taste.
21. I can play ____ guitar. I’d like to have ____ guitar.
22. ____elephant is ____ biggest of all animals.
23. We called ____ doctor. We called____ Doctor Johnson as usually.
24. Sweden is in ____ northern Europe, Spain is in ____ south.
25. ____ Cambridge University is one of ____ oldest universities in
____ world.
26. ____ Sahara is ____ famous desert.
27. A lot of people are passengers of ____British Airways.
I don’t like ____ food in McDonalds.

Unit 5A
I. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в нужной форме.
1. I want (study) well and the university with red diploma.
2. I like (visit) places of interest, but I hate (lie) in the sun all the day
long.
3. Don’t forget (take) your books.
4. Stop (talk).
5. He enjoys (go) to parties, he likes (meet) people there.
6. She decided (look) for another job.
7. Did he agree (come)?
8. I like (try) exotic dish, so I’d like (eat) something extraordinary.
II. Раскройте скобки, употребляя will или going to.
1. Have we got any chalk? - I (bring) some.
2. I’m trying to save as much as possible. I (buy) a car.
3. We’re hired a tent and bought a lot of tins of food. We (climb) the
mountains.
4. Who wants to help me with the washing-up? – I (do) it.
5. My pen has broken. –I (give) mine.
6. The dish’s looking so strange - I (try)!
7. We (get married) in June.
8. He is looking for a house in the country. He (move).

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Unit 5 B
I. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в нужной форме
1. After graduation from the university, I’d like (move) to another city.
2. I hope (find) a well-paid job there.
3. I like (work) in office and (solve) different problems.
4. I agree (work) a lot.
5. But I hate (work under) tension.
6. I want (earn) enough money to buy a house.
7. I’d like (live) in the suburb.
8. I hope (make) it all true.
II. Раскройте скобки, употребляя will или going to.
1. Why have you bought such an amount of provision? –I (have) a
dinner party.
2. What you (cook)? - I (cook) pizza, a lot of salads and (bake) a cake.
3. I (come) and (help) you. When you (have) it? - I (have) it next Friday.
4. Who you (invite)? - All my friends (come).

Unit 5 C
I. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form.
1. I'd like (go out) tonight.
2. Do you want (play) tennis? – No, I enjoy (dance) now.
3. It was too late, so we decided (take) a taxi home.
4. Don't forget (buy) some sugar.
5. When I'm tired, I like (listen) to music.
6. I'm still listen for a job but I hope (find) something soon.
7. I wish what dog stopped (bark). It's driving me mad.
8. Please stop (ask) me questions!
9. The speaker continued (talk) for 2 hours.
II. Insert the appropriate construction will or going to.
1. What you (do) on holidays? - I (sleep) all the day long and (go out) all
night. - And if you don't pass the exams? - I (work) hard and (do) my
best to pass them.
2. Why you (go) to the country? - Oh, my parent (paint) the house, I
want to help them. - I (go) with you then.
3. Look at this journal! Isn't it fantastic! - You (buy) it? - No, I … .
VI. Translate into Russian.
1. I'd like to have both monolingual and bilingual dictionaries, because
I'm going to study English hard.
2. Some people think that being ambitious means being tough, hard

117
working and single.
3. I'll give you a lift to the station and pick you up on your way back.
4. I'm going to have a month off and enjoy doing nothing.
5. Single people join dating agencies to find a mate usually at the age
30 when they've reached the top.

Unit 5 D
I. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form.
1. Paul has given up (smoke).
2. I now regret (do) what I did.
3. John suggested (go) to the cinema.
4. She wouldn’t dare (tell) him.
5. I tried (pass) the driving test but failed (do) it for 1st time.
6. Children are always warned (not touch) the switches.
7. I wouldn’t recommend you (stay) at this hotel.
8. I don’t allow anybody (smoke) in the house.
9. It’s starting (rain).
10. He remembered (take) the wallet from the bag, but he didn’t’
remember (put) it into the pocket.
11. She remembered (switch) off the iron but forgot (switch) off the
stereo.
12. Can you help me (lay) down the table?
13. When I heard this story I couldn’t help (laugh).
14. I feel that I need (work) harder if I want (make) a career.
15. His coat is dirty. It needs (clean).
16. I don’t like my room. –Try (move) the furniture around.
II. Write the correct form of will or going to with the verbs in the
brackets.
John: Are you busy today, Pamela?
Pam: This afternoon I (get) my hair cut and (pack) my things.
John: When you (leave)?
Pam: I (fly) to Miami tomorrow. It (be) my first flight!
John: Oh! I’d like to go there!
Pam: I (send) you a card.
John: Thanks, Pam. How you (get) to the airport?
Pam: I don’t know yet. Perhaps I (get) a taxi.
John: Of course I (give) you a lift. See you tomorrow.
III. Translate into English.
1. Никто не хотел пробовать это блюдо.

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2. Он - очень амбициозный человек. Ему 35 и он владеет сетью
отелей.
3. Я не могу хорошо спланировать и организовать свою работу.

Test Unit 1-5 C


I.Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple или
Present Continuous.
1. Such a nuisance! Every time we (go) to the country, the sky (be)
grey, the sun (not shine), the weather (be awful).
2. Hi! What you (do)? – I (write) a report to the university
newspaper.
1. How often you (do) it? – I (do) it every month.
3. When she (come) home, her family (have) dinner.
4. When my father (come) home, my mother (make) supper.
5. I usually (meet) my friend, when he (run) in the morning.
6. When teacher (enter) the classroom, the students (stand) up.
7. When he (come)? – He (come) tomorrow.
II. Постройте вопросы и отрицательные предложения.
1. They have a problem.
1. I’ve got a car.
2. She has got a fan heater.
3. He has a café.
III. Образуйте II форму следующих глаголов.
Sell, laugh, teach, read, complain, decide.
IV. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple или Past
Continuous.
1. When we (play) tennis yesterday, it suddenly (start) raining.
2. The sun (go) down behind the hills when I (reach) a village which
(be) only a few miles from the sea.
3. We (walk) down the street to Mike’s place when we (see) him in the
window of a bus that (pass).
4. Where Kate (go) when you (meet) her yesterday? –She (go) to her
friend.
V. Перепишите предложения, употребляя предлоги времени, где
необходимо.
1. When are you leaving? – ____Monday.
2. What time? – ____ 10.30 ____ the morning I will phone you.
3. ____ Christmas all children wait for presents.
4. ____ week-ends people try to relax somewhere out-of-doors.

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VI. Перепишите предложения, употребляя выражения
количества.
1. I want____ sugar in my tea.
2. Do we have milk? –Yes, we have____.
3. There are____ parks in our town. It’s so green.
4. How____ salt do you need? -Just____.
VII. Перепишите предложения, употребляя артикли там где
необходимо.
1. I have ____ flat.
2. ____ flat is very comfortable.
3. It’s in ____ southern part of ____ town.
4. She is ____ housewife.
5. Can you turn off____ light, please?
VIII. Перепишите предложения, употребляя will или going to.
1. Why have you bought eggs and flow? –I ____ bake a cake.
2. I’ve forgotten my umbrella! Don’t worry, I ____ lend you mine.
3. Where ____ you ____ on holiday?
4. I ____ write to you.
IX. Переведите предложения.
1. I love Belgian chocolate. – I will bring you some.
2. I’m going home in two days.
3. The soup you cooked yesterday was very tasty.
4. I’d like a large, brown, sliced loaf, please.
5. Can I take this bag as hand luggage?

TEST Unit 1-5 D


I. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form. Fill the prepositions
and exp-ns of quantity there necessary.
There (be) ____ reasons to believe that this tourist season (be)
successful for Russia’s tourism industry.____ last summer we (sign)
____ contracts with ____ Europeans agencies. We (see) our
partners____ next week and (discuss) ____ details. ____last year more
than 4 million Russian tourists (go) abroad.____ this year it (be) at least
5 million.
Speaking about Russian tourism industry, the situation in Russia
(not scare) off foreigners any longer. St. Petersburg, Moscow, the Gold
Ring and North Caucasus (attract) ____ tourists. Foreigners (want) (see)
them. But they also would like (have) good service.
There (be) ____ obstacles for development of tourism industry.

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Foreigner mass media usually (give) a high profile of our tragedies. It
(put) off potential tourists. Two years ago we (attend) a tourism
exhibition when state Duma Deputy Galina Starovoitova (be)
assassinated. TV channels (report) on the tragic event every 15 minutes.
It (discourage) ____visitors to the Russian stand____ tour
operators (not honour) their obligations as the quality of services
provided, time-frame, or transport facilities. But we (try) to strip such
operators of licenses. We hope (improve) the situation. We (believe) that
people (enjoy) (go) to Russia.
II. Your friend is going to get married. You’ll be maid of honour. Ask
about the groom and the ceremony.
1. When /start/ going out?
2. Where/meet?
3. What/like most of all?
4. Meet his parents?
5. Like them?
6. How often/ keep in touch with the parents?
7. Where/ have a ceremony?
8. Where /go for honeymoon?
9. What kind of dress /have?
10. His age.
11. His occupation.
12. His present activity.
13. Where / live?
III. Fill in the articles where necessary.
1. What is ____ name of ____ hotel you’re staying in? -____ Imperial.
It’s in ____ Queen Street in ____ city centre. It’s near ____ station.
2. I have two brothers. ____older one is training to be ____ pilot.
____younger one is still at ____school.
IV. Translate into English.
1. Иногда я становлюсь ленивым.
2. Работа не привлекает меня.
3. Я звоню друзьям и приглашаю их куда-нибудь погулять.
4. Я хорошо знаю (в хороших отношениях) повара одного из
ресторанов.
5. Там я и устраиваю встречу.
6. Мы заказываем цыпленка, фруктовый салат и безалкогольные
напитки.
7. Обычно мы уходим из ресторана в 11.

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8. Но в прошлый раз мы ушли в полночь.
9. Мои друзья очень заботливые. Они никогда не оставляют меня
одного.
10. Мы проводим вместе много времени. Я хотел бы устраивать
вечеринки каждую неделю.

Unit 6 A
I. Построите вопросы с is, are, was, were, do, does и did.
1. What ____ your teacher like? – She is strict and intelligent.
2. What ____ your teachers at the school like? – They were kind and
helpful.
3. What ____ you like most of all? - I like chocolate.
4. What ____ you like when you were a child? - I liked cherries.
II. Образуйте степени сравнения прилагательных и наречий.
early, few, beautiful, big, pretty, crowded, little, nice.
III. Построите предложения c as…as и than.
Например:Your book/ thick/ mine. – Your book is as thick as mine. Your
book is thicker than mine.
1. Taganrog / big / Novocherkassk.
2. He / intelligent /his father.
3. I live / far from the city centre / you.
4. He has / high points / his friend.
IV. Посмотрите на картинку и опишите как попасть в
различные точки города:
1. From city hall to the tennis court.
1. Form Sax Brothers to the department store.
2. From the park to the cleaner’s.
3. From the police station to the drugstore.
4. From the bookstore to the library.

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Unit 6 B
I. Постройте вопросы.
1. What____ your uncle like? –He is very generous.
2. What____ he like? –He likes traveling.
3. What____ your nephew like? –He is a very talented young man.
4. What ____ he like? –He is fond of programming.
5. I’m looking for my book. –What ____ it like?
6. What ____ the weather like yesterday? –It was so slippery.
7. Did you enjoy the party? What ____it like?
8. What ____ you like most of all?
II. Образуйте степени сравнения следующих прилагательных.
1. mean 3. outgoing 5. rude 7. happy
2. powerful 4. slow 6. deep 8. peaceful
III. Раскройте скобки, употребляя прилагательные и наречия в
нужной степени сравнения.
1. Which is (large): The United States or Canada?
1. Moscow is (large) city in Russia.
2. I am not (tall) as Alex.
3. The island of Great Britain is (small) than Greenland.
4. What is the name of (high) mountain in Asia?
5. Ann is as (pretty) as Laura.
6. Paula is (pretty) than both Ann and Laura.
7. This is (beautiful) view I have even seen in my life.
IV. Вставьте предлоги along, to, out of, up, past, right, past, right.
The way from building A to hostel 4.
Go ____ the building, turn ____. Go ____ Chekhov Street ____

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building B and shops____ Nekrasovskiy side-street. Turn ____. Go ____
Nekrasovskiy side-street Nekrasovskiy the café “555”.

Unit 6 C
I. Put the adjectives in brackets in the proper, form. Use much, a lot, a
bit, a little where possible.
1. Can you drive (slowly)? You might be fined.
2. You look so exhausted. You should go to bed (early), eat (much) and
work (little). I'm sure you'd feel (well).
3. I like having rest in the country. It's (peaceful) place in the world. It's
(good) than going anywhere.
4. It was (exciting) and (pleasant) event in my life.
5. I think it's (good) way out of the situation.
II. Complete the sentences using as...as and than.
1. You are so stubborn. You are (stubborn) your brother.
2. The city centre is usually (crowded) today.
3. I am (good) singer (her).
4. The weather in Madrid is (hot) in Taganrog.
5. I live (far)-from the university (him).
III. What ... like? Complete the questions.
1. What (his girlfriend) like? - Oh, she's very intelligent and pretty.
2. What (she) like? - She is fond of coffee and chocolate.
3. What (your new house) like? - It's much bigger and more convenient.
4. What has he bought a new car? What (his old car) like? - Oh, it was
as old as him.
5. What (your parents) like? - They are nice and friendly.

Unit 6 D
I. Put the adjectives in brackets in the correct degree of comparison.
1. It’s too noisy here. Can we go somewhere (quiet)?
2. You live (far) from the station than I thought.
3. (Far) discussion is useless.
4. Let’s go by train. It’s much (cheap).
5. In June it’s becoming (hard) to study.
6. My sister is (old) than me.
7. My (old) sister is 25.
8. This problem is far (important) than any other.
II. Write the following sentences, using degree of comparative.
1. It is good to have as many friends as possible.

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2. When I’d thought over the plan I didn’t like it very much.
3. If we start discussing the problem, we’ll solve it soon.
4. What time shall we leave? –As soon as possible.
5. I’ve waited long enough. I’m not waiting now.
6. I didn’t spend as much money as you.
7. I earn 700$. Ann earns 800$.
8. My salary is 700$.Ann’s salary is 800$.

Unit 7A
I. Образуйте III форму (Past Participle) следующих глаголов.
Recognize, send, lose, catch, waste, begin, take, whisper, sell, train.
II. Измените время глагола на Present Perfect, употребляя just,
already или yet. Переведите оба предложения.I am eating my
breakfast.
1. He is putting the dishes on the table.
2. They are having tea.
3. She is taking dirty plates from the table.
4. The students are writing a test.
5. She is learning a poem.
6. He is telling them an interesting story.
7. We are opening a box of chocolates.
III. Постройте вопросительные и отрицательные
предложения, используя предложения упражнения I. (8
предложений).
IV. Перепишите предложения, употребляя for или since.
1. Hello! I haven’t seen you … ages.
2. She has studied English … 1995.
3. He hasn’t met his friends … his birthday.
4. She has worked here … 5 years.
5. I haven’t met him … 5 days.
6. We have studied here … September, 1.
7. They have been to London … 2years.
8. They have been to London …May, 14.
V. Перепишите предложения, употребляя Past Simple или
Present Perfect.
1. Last year he (go) to Spain.
2. Where is Tom? – He (go) to Spain.
3. I (see) Tom yesterday.
4. I (not see) him for ages.

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5. Last term we (read) an interesting story.
6. You ever (read) science fiction?
7. This writer is my brother. He (write) 4 books.
8. S. Mangham (write) a very popular short story called “The
Luncheon”.

Unit 7 B
I. Перепишите предложения, употребляя глаголы в Present Perfect.
1. He (not come) back yet.
2. I just (get) a letter from my parents.
3. You ever (be) to the Crimea?
4. Pease give me a pencil, I (lose) mine.
5. Where is Paula? – She (go) home.
6. They get only excellent marks. They (improve) their English.
7. You (read) all this books?
8. You (book) the tickets? – Yes, I … .
II. Перепишите предложения, употребляя for или since.
1. I’ve lived in this house …I was 6.
2. I haven’t met her … a long time.
3. She has been here … 10 o’clock.
4. They have worked here … 2 weeks.
III. Перепишите предложения, употребляя глаголы в Present
Perfect или Past Simple.
1. Last night I (feel) tired and (go) to bed very early.
2. The sun (not rise) yet.
3. We (not decide) what to do yet.
4. You (see) Jack today? – No, I … .
5. My brother (return) from the North.
6. He (go) there 2 years ago.
7. Why you (come)? What do you want?
8. When you (come)? – I (come) 10 minutes ago.
IV. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.
1. Did Mary tell you about her plans?
2. Have your friends arrived?
3. Do your parents understand you?
4. Was your sister having breakfast when you phoned her?
5. Are you waiting for holidays?
6. Is your friend a student?
7. Were you a naughty child?

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8. Did your parents use to spoil you?

Unit 7 C
I. Write Past tense forms and the past participles of the follow ing verbs.
Some of them are regular, and some are irregular.
1. fly 3. teach 5. peel 7. pack 9. chose
2. found 4. invite 6. break 8. lose 10. show

II. Put the verbs in brackets in Present Perfect.


1. Linda (lose) her passport again. It' s the second tome it (happen).
2. You're out of breath. You (run)?
3. It (not rain) this week.
4. Tom (not work) very hard this month.
5. You (hear) this song?
6. I never ( drive) a car.
7. Look! Somebody (break) my pencil.
8. Would you like a cup of coffee? - No, 1 just (drink) tea.
III. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form, Present Perfect or
Past Simple.
1. Jim is away on holiday. He (go) to Spain
2. They (go) out after lunch and they just (come) back.
3. John (live) in Scotland for 10 years. Then he (move) to England. He
(live) in London for 5 years.
4. Chinese (invent) printing.
5. They (have) a car when they were living in Oxford? - No, they (have)
a car since they (move) to London.
IV. Fill in the gaps using for or since.
1. I haven't seen Helen - Friday.
2. We have known each other we were children.
3. Hello! I haven't seen you _ages.
4. It has been raining - 2 hours.
5. I've been learning English - 6 years.
VI. Put one of the adverbs in the list into each gap.
Always, fortunately, even, exactly, still, of course, only, especially, at
last, at least, too, nearly.
1. I have____ loved music, ____, classic.
2. I was in such a hurry! I couldn't____ have breakfast. –__ You should
have had coffee, ____
3. What are you doing? – You've ____burnt my meal ! You don't____
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look at the frying-pan!
4. You should keep to a diet. Eat ____greenstuffs and fruits. Perhaps
then you'll get thinner, ____.
5. Are you going out tonight? – ____ I am!

Unit 7 D
I. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form Present Perfect or Past
Simple.
1. Bill is phoning his girlfriend again. That’s the third time he (phone)
this evening.
2. Look! Somebody (break) the glass. – It (be not) me. I (not do)it.
3. I (study) German at school but I (forget) most of it.
4. You (see) Ann recently? – I (see) her a minute ago.
5. Where’s my bag? – Perhaps somebody (take) it.
6. Oh, no! There’s nothing to eat. My brother (eat) everything, I (leave)
in the fridge.
7. I (be) alone here since she (leave).
8. I (read) this book now, so you can have it back.
II. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form. Write for or since in
the gaps.
In 1983 Tom (start) work as a doctor in Bristol Hospital, but in the
following year he (have) a serious car accident and finally (have to) give
up work as a doctor in 1985. Although he (move) to London … 2 years,
he (live) in Leeds … 1988. When he (go) to London in 1986 he (start)
writing and (write) books and articles ever …them. His first novel was
published in 1989. … then he (travel) in South America? And recently
his second novel (win) the Cooker Prize.
III. Translate into English.
1. Ты знаешь, что Том спас несколько человек, попавших в аварию,
и получил вознаграждение.
2. Я думаю, стыдно брать вознаграждение за это.
3. Я считаю, что благотворительные организации должны помогать
разным категориям людей.
4. В этом месяце плата за проезд повысилась.
5. Кто сломал гитару?

Unit 8 A
I. Перепишите предложения, вставляя should или have to в
нужной форме.

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1. I think you … smoke less.
2. I … write this composition yesterday.
3. It is raining. You … take your umbrella.
4. We missed the bus and … take a taxi.
5. She is good at Maths. You …ask her about it.
6. On Sundays we … go to the university.
7. … you … go to the university on Sundays?
8. You’re being so pale today. You … have a rest.
II. Постройте вопросительные и отрицательные предложения:
1. She should learn these words.
2. He had to work hard last month.
3. He has to get a visa.
4. You should do it again.

Unit 8 B
I. Раскройте скобки, употребляя have to или should:
1. You (take) warm clothes. It’s rather cold there.
2. They (keep) all documents.
3. Her parents have gone to Spain, so she (cook) for herself.
4. You (see) this film.
5. Students (work) hard to get good education.
6. You (eat) fruits and vegetables.
7. She is seriously ill. She (take) medicine every 3 hours.
8. Last year he (work) a lot to by a car.
II. Постройте отрицательные и вопросительные предложения,
используя упражнение I.

Unit 8C
I. Write should or the correct form of have to in the gaps.
Example: A chef has to cook many kinds of food.
1. I _____ get up early tomorrow. I meet my brother.
2. You (not)_____tell her about it. It'll upset her.
3. I _____call my friend or she'll forget to bring my book.
4. I think you_____ rest a little.
5. He_____ keep his things in order.
6. You_____ not get upset about such little things.
7. Tim works too much. He_____ take it easy.
8. You_____ (not) come with me, if you don’t want to.
9. When you go abroad you_____ get a visa.

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10. When you're in America you_____ visit San Francisco, because
some people think it's the most beautiful city.
II. Translate these sentences.
1. My mother is a doctor, so she has to work with ill people.
2. I think you should do more exercises.
3. - Would you like to go for a walk? -I'm afraid, I can't.
4. In my family my sister has to do the washing up.
5. When Kimora began to work for Chanel, she had to learn French.

Unit 8D
I. Complete the sentences with should or have to in the correct form.
1. These people (not work) here now.
2. The party was great. You (come).
3. What I (do) to pass the exam?
4. You ever (go) to hospital?
5. We (not lose) the way. I remembered the place quite well.
6. She’s been studying so hard, I think she (pass).
7. Where’s John? He (arrive) by now.
8. How long you (wait) for bus?

Unit 9A
I. Перепишите предложения, употребляя глаголы в скобках в
нужной форме.
1. If I (go) to the supermarket, I will buy provision.
2. If I (not go) I will ask my neighbour to buy something for me.
3. If I (be) free, I’ll go out.
4. If the weather (not be) fine, we (not go) out.
5. If you (try) it, you (like) it.
6. If she (not work) hard, she (fail) the exam.
7. If they (go) out, they (take) me.
8. If my brother (phone), we (arrange) meeting.
II. Составьте предложения с союзами when, as soon as, if.
1. He is busy. I leave him alone.
2. You put on glasses. You see better.
3. He comes to the hotel. He sends a telegram.
4. My father returns. We discuss it.
5. You give me your address. I write you a letter.
6. He starts reading 5 pages a day. His vocabulary increase.
7. My friends go to the Black Sea. I go with them.

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8. I don’t like the dish. I don’t tell about it.

Unit 9 B.
I. Перепишите предложения, употребляя глаголы в скобках в
нужной форме.
1. If we (have) free time, we (go) for a walk.
2. If we (go) for a walk, she (go) with us.
3. If she (go) with us, she (not do) her homework.
4. If she (not do) her homework, she (have) problem at the lessons.
5. If she (have) problems at the lesson, she (try) to improve.
6. If she (try) to improve, she (study) a lot.
7. If she (study) a lot, she (stay) at home.
8. If she (stay) at home, we (come) to help her.
II. Составьте предложения с союзами when, as soon as, if.
1. I will work a lot. I will be tired.
2. I will be angry. Somebody will break vase.
3. She will not find the key. She will break the door.
4. He will finish school. He will enter the university.
5. He will enter the university. He will try to work hard.
6. He will work hard. He will get good notes.
7. He will get good notes. He will get a grant.
8. He will get a grant. He will not have money problem.

Unit 9C.
I. Put the verb in brackets in the correct form.
1. If I _____(pass) my driving test, I _____ (buy) a car.
2. You _____ (give) her the flowers, when you _____ (see) her?
3. Our children and grandchildren ____(suffer), if we _____(not look
after) our planet.
4. When she _____(read) my letters, she _____(understand) the
problem.
5. I _____(marry) you, as soon as we _____ (find) somewhere to live.
6. Where he _____(stay) when he _____(go) to New - York?
7. If we _____(get) the tickets, we _____(keep) two for you.
8. They _____(give) her the message as soon as she_____(arrive)
9. Your plants _____(not grow) well if you _____(not water) them.
10. You _____(learn) English more easily if _____(study)hard.
II. Fill in the gaps with make/do. Mind the form.
1. I _____ morning exercises every day.

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2. He always _____ mistakes in his speech.
3. _____ me a favour.
4. I have no time. Could you _____ my bed for me.
5. First we _____ the cake, then we _____ tea.
6. Look at the room. You _____ such a mess here.
7. You have to _____ your best to pass the exams.
8. Hush! Don' t_____ noise the baby is asleep.
9. Let's _____ business together, now when we have money.

Unit 9 D
I. Write 1st Conditionals and Time clauses
1. My last bus is at 9 p.m. Now it’s 8.40. I have to go.
2. Why aren’t you watching the cat? It is going to eat all the fish.
3. My visit to you depends on my being in town.
4. Leave half of your luggage. It’s too heavy to walk with it.
5. Is Ann going shopping? Could she buy some sugar?
6. Go home and phone your parents immediately.
7. I remember his appearance quite well. I’m sure not to miss him.
8. Your marks depend on your work.

Unit 10 A
I. Достройте группы предложений так, чтобы у каждого
предложения было 3 формы: утвердительная, отрицательная и
вопросительная. Например:
He used to smoke. – He didn’t use to smoke. Did he use to smoke?
1. I used to live alone.
2. My children didn’t use to watch TV a lot.
3. Did she use to eat a lot of sweets, when she was a child?
4. You didn’t use to like him.
II. Перепишите предложения, употребляя глаголы в скобках в
Past Simple или с used to.
1. Paula (spend) a lot of money on clothes. Now she is more careful
with her money.
2. Last year she (spend) 300$ on a T – shirt!
3. He (not eat) a lot. Now he is constantly eating.
4. He (eat) 2 pizzas yesterday!
5. I (watch) TV a lot. Now I don’t watch it at all.
6. Last week-end we (watch) a very interesting film.
7. She (have) very long hair. Now she has her hair cut.

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8. She (cut) her finger yesterday.
III. Выберите правильный вариант.
1. Don’t let your children eat / to eat so many sweets.
2. I told am not to shout / not shout.
3. She asked Peter to lend / lend her some money.
4. I told my friend to keep / keep to a diet.
5. My teacher always made me to do / do some extra work.
6. They never let me to talk / talk at the lessons.
7. They told me to study / study all the rules.
8. Some marks made me to cry / cry.

Unit 10 B
I. Постройте предложения, используя used to или Past Simple
1. We (come) to live in Washington two years ago. We (live) in New
York.
2. There (be) a hotel opposite the department store, but it (close) last
year.
3. She (play) the guitar, but (stop) playing in 1998.
4. I (not like) him, but last week (change) my mind.
II. Выберите правильную форму глагола.
1. I asked my friend to help / help / helping me with the washing-up.
2. I’d like to invite / invite / inviting you for dinner.
3. She enjoys to be / be / being alone.
4. It makes her to feel / feel / feeling calm.
5. We decided to go / go / going to the cinema.
6. Peter asked Pam to stop / stop / stopping crying.
7. He told her to concentrate / concentrate / concentrating.
8. But she continued to weep/weep/weeping and didn’t want to hear /
hear / hearing anything.
III. Ответьте на вопросы, употребляя известные вам
глагольные модели. Например:
Why have you bought milk and flour? – I’ve bought it to bake a cake.
1. What did you go shopping for?
2. What are you going to Moscow for?
3. Why should we hurry? (not be late)
4. Why aren’t you eating anything this week? (get thinner)
IV. Ответьте на вопросы, употребляя известные вам
глагольные модели. Например:
What is interesting for you to do? – It’s interesting for me to read

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books.
1. What is easy for you to do?
2. What is important for you to do?
3. What is difficult for you to do?
4. What is necessary for you to do?

Unit 10 C
I. Use the appropriate verb pattern and/or verb form.
1. I enjoy (listen) music.
2. There was a lot of traffic but we managed (get) to the airport in time.
3. I’ve never been to Iceland but I’d like (go).
4. Her parents wouldn’t let her (go out) alone.
5. Hot weather makes me (feel) tired.
6. She doesn’t like (do the ironing).
7. She told children (stop talking).
8. I was asked (be) careful.
9. Let him (do) what he ants.
10. His jokes always make me (laugh).
II. Complete the following sentences.
1. I / happy see you again.
2. Important / consult a dictionary.
3. Impossible / sleep in such noise.
III. Answer the questions using infinitives of purpose.
4. Why have you entered the university?
5. Why did you borrow 1000$?
IV. Choose the correct form of an adjective.
1. I was disappointing / disappointed with the film. I had expected it to
be better.
2. Are you interesting / interested in football?
3. The football match was quite exciting / excited. I enjoyed it.
4. I didn’t find the situation funny. I was not amusing / amused.
5. It was a really terrifying / terrified experience. Everybody was
shocking/ shocked.
6. Why do you always look so boring/ bored? Is your life really boring/
bored?
7. He’s one of the most boring/ bored people I’ve ever met. He never
says anything interested/ interested.
V. Adverbs. Complete the sentences using following adverbs.
Seriously, quickly, properly, patiently, suddenly

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1. _____ it started raining.
2. She fell _____ ill and was operated.
3. You should do it _____. Try to do it according to the rules.
4. She was explaining the situation_____ for the 3rd time.
5. Get out, _____!

Unit 10 D
I. Complete the dialogue with use, used to, use to
-Do you want a cup of tea, Jane?
-No, thanks. Can I have coffee?
-But you _____(not like) coffee. You _____(drink) tea.
-I’ve changed my life style. I _____(not put) salt in my food. I ______
(eat) a lot of cornflakes.
-No, I (not ______) this teapot. Take another one. I _____small one.
-You ______ (not collect) teapots.
-Yes, I ______ (hate) everything connected with kitchen

Progress test Unit 1-10


1. Постройте вопросы к выделенным частям предложений.
1) Peter has written a letter. (2 вопроса)
2) Mrs. Moore is talking to her guests in the sitting room (3 вопроса)
3) In the afternoon I went into town with my friend to buy food for the
party.(5 вопросов)
2. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в нужную форму.
1) Last week we (go) to the cafe
2) - You (read) my book?
- I (not read) your book yet.
- I (give) it back to you tomorrow.
3) When Ted (enter) the room, his family (have) dinner.
4) Ouch! I (cut) my finger.
5) - When you (buy) this car?
- We (buy) it 2 years ago.
6) He always (get) home by train, but now he (go) by car.
7) Tomorrow I (meet) my bank manager I (want) (start) business. I’d
like (run) a café. I like (cook) and hope (succeed).
8) - Where you (come) from?

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- I (come) from Russia and my husband (come) from the UK
3. Перепишите предложения, употребляя предлоги, там, где
это необходимо.
My birthday is _____1st of June. Last year I had great day. I got up
_____ 8 o’clock and went _____ the market. _____ the evening my
friends come _____ me. _____ midnight they went _____ home. I like
birthday’s _____ summer. But I prefer not to stay _____ home
4. Поставьте have to или should.
1) I think you _____ be careful.
2) He is a sportsman. He _____ be always fit.
3) You _____ put out the cigarette, when you enter the cinema.
4) You _____visit as many countries as possible. It’ so exciting! But you
_____ get visas first.
5. Перепишите предложения, употребляя необходимую
степень сравнения.
1) I will choose this sofa. It is (modern) and (big).
2) I think it’s as (big) as our old one.
3) With team is (good) “Real” or “Milan”? They are equal. “Portu” is
(strong) of them all. Surely it’s (good).
6. Перепишите предложения, употребляя необходимые
выражения количества.
1) How _____ is that bag?
2) We have _____ eggs _____ flour and _____ sugar. Let’s bake a cake.
3) But we don’t have _____ milk and _____ butter.
4) Could you lend me _____ money?
I don’t have _____, I’m afraid.
5) They are _____ cars in this street.
6) We have _____ photos in our album. It’s full of them.
7. Bставьте предлог.
1) She is interested ____ science fiction.
2) I can agree ____ you.
3) I’m afraid ____ spiders.
4) He never listens _____ me!
5) I’ve been waiting _____ you for 2 hours!
8. Поставьте глагол в нужной форме.
1) If you (eat) too much chocolate you (be) fat.
2) When I (come) home I (phone) you.
3) When he (see) me he (not recognize) me.
4) If you (not go) there, you (be) sorry about it.

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5) I’m sure if she (have) this look, she (lend) it.

Unit 11 A
I. Постройте отрицательные и вопросительные предложения.
1. English is spoken all over the world.
2. Letters are received every week.
3. I am asked to come later.
4. They are woken up by a loud noise.
5. He is often invited to the parties.
6. New houses are built in this town.
7. Coca Cola is sold in every shop.
8. Credit cards are accepted here.
II. Перепишите предложения задания I в Future Simple Passive и
Past Simple Passive.
III. Составьте предложения.
1. stolen, last, a, picture, year, was.
2. China, is, rice, in, down.
3. every, bread, eaten, is day.
4. is, by, me, done, the test, being.
5. in, time, be, the walk, will, done.
6. has, my, cut, cherry, tree, down, been.
7. now, our, being, is, pizza, made.
8. been, workers, many, have, how, fired.

Unit 11 B
I. Выберите правильный вариант предложения.
1. He always (laugh) at.
a) be laughed
b) is laughed
c) is being laughed
2. At the station we (meet) by our guide.
a) was meet
b) were been met
c) were met
3. A lot of modern equipment (design) by this scientist.
a) will design.
b) will be designed
c) will be design
4. All these articles (read).

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a) should be read
b) should read
c) should been read
5. This film (direct) by Tarantino.
a) directed
b) was been directed
c) was directed
6. The notice (not read).
a) can’t be read
b) can’t been read
c) can’t be readed
7. Two pictures (steal) from the British museum.
a) has been stolen
b) have be stolen
c) have been stolen
8. The students (examine) now.
a) are examined
b) is being examined
c) are being examined
II. Перепишите предложения в страдательном залоге.
1. We received this letter after his departure.
2. Have dogs ever attacked you?
3. Bees gather honey from flowers by bees.
4. The storm drove the ship against a rock.
5. Who discovered the circulation of blood?
6. They are selling delicious.
7. The old man showed us the way out of the forest.
8. We have been looking for you the whole morning.
9. We will insist on strict discipline.
10. You can easily remove the bandage.

Unit 11C
I. Match the beginning of the sentences in A and the ending B:
A B
1) Are the orders a) a lot of time may be wasted and very little
be achieved.
2) If we use the old method, b) was being discussed, so I sat down to listen.
3) Something important c) have been taken yet?
4) No decisions d) always fulfilled in time?

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5) This monument e) was erected three hundred years ago.

II. Change these sentences into the Passive Voice.


1. They play tennis all year round.
2. She has already washed the floor.
3. They are laughing at him.
4. They had repaired his car.
5. He is following us all the time.
6. His friends never forgave his betrayal.
7. The manager offered me several jobs.
8. They will promise you much.
9. He has booked the tickets.
10. He is giving a very interesting task.
11. His parents often send him letters.
12. They had painted the house.
13. John will have received the papers by tomorrow.
14. The waiter is serving us very fast.
15. They will give me holiday next mouth.
III. Choose the correct verb and put it in the right tense.
Offer, accept, invent, locate, make
1. _____ credit cards in your shop?
2. Nylon _____ in the 1930s by an American chemist, Julian Hill.
3. The first VW cars ____ in Germany just before the World War II.
4. She _____ a well- paid job. I think she’ll take it.
5. Our company _____ in Sweden.
IV. Put the verbs in the correct form.
1. Recently a new generation a cost of TV sets (to launch) in Japan.
2. Each Concord (to build) at 55.000.000 pounds.
3. In Japan marriages of young people (to arrange) by their parents.
4. We (to receive) a telephone call from them a few days ago.
5. Boss says I (to give) a pay-rise next month.
6. She (to inform) about the reason of the research as soon as it (to
finish).
7. I (send) them fax yesterday.
8. At present our company (to reorganize).
9. The mail (not to receive) yet.
10. I (to sell) my car last week.
V. Translate following sentences.
1. Who told you that agreement had already been signed?

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2. Visitors are received every day.
3. Has he been sent for yet? –Yes, he was called and told to come at 8
o’clock.
4. I haven’t been told about it yet.
5. The work had been finished by the evening.

Unit 11 D
I. Write following sentences in Passive. Give two possible variants.
1. Her parents send her letter every mouth.
2. Someone showed me their photo.
3. His friends have told him everything.
4. They should have told her the truth.
II. Write the sentences using necessary voice Active or Passive.
1. Microscopes (use) to examine very small organisms.
2. Water (shape) the whole surface of the Earth.
3. The first calculation machine (build) in 1642.
4. The car (arrive) suddenly nobody (see) it.
5. No one (hurt).
6. The match (cancel) because of the bad weather.
7. The computer (work) again anybody (repair) it? – It (not break), it
(switch off).

Unit 12A
I. Переведите следующие предложения на русский язык,
обращая внимание на тип придаточного предложения.
1. If I am late for the play, I will be very upset.
2. If I were the president, I would pay special attention to youth
problems.
3. If he doesn’t go shopping, we will have nothing to eat.
4. If I didn’t go shopping, we would eat out.
II. Выберите правильную форму глагола. (Second Conditional).
1. If I have / had an island, I will / would invite all my friends there
2. If I am / were a fairy I will / would make something magic for you.
3. If he live / lived in Brazil, he will / would be on the beach all the day.
4. If they don’t invite me, I will not / wouldn’t go there.
III. Составьте предложение.
1. be, he, late, might,
2. the match, might, Portu, win.
3. or, might, home, he, go, stay, his friends, at, to.

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4. dinner, or, cook, I , might, out , something, we, eat.

Unit 12 B
I. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в нужной форме.(Second
Conditional).
1. If I (have) more free time, I (go) to the swimming pool.
2. If he (want) to see us, he (come).
3. If he (not be) so stubborn, it (be) easier to work with him.
4. If we (go) to the Far East, we (admire) the nature of this region.
5. If she (eat) less, she (not be) so fat.
6. If she (keep) to a diet, she (look) wonderful.
7. If you (discuss) it first, you (not have) such problems now.
8. If I (be) you, I (work) harder.

Unit 12C
I. Write the correct form of the verbs. Use the past Simple or ‘d/would.
1. If we (have) _____ a different government, I’m sure they (find) _____
solution to our economic problems.
2. If there (be) _____ more policemen at football matches, there not (be)
_____ so much hooliganism.
3. If the drivers actually (follow) _____ the rules, there (be) _____ less
road accidents.
4. If more people (give up) smoking, our health services (save) _____ a
lot of money.
5. Burglars (find)_____it almost impossible to rob the houses if more
houses (have)_____the alarm.
6. Parents (understand) _____ teenagers better if they (try)_____ to
remember how they felt at that age.
7. If everyone (become) _____a vegetarian, then the whole population of
the world (have)_____ enough to eat.
8. If everyone (stop) _____ using cars and (walk) _____instead, there
(be) _____ less pollution and everyone (be)_____ healthier.
9. If you (offer)_____ him the job, he (accept)_____it.
10. If I (be)_____ you, I (try) _____harder.
11. If I (live)_____ in the country, I (have) _____ a dog.
12. If I (have) a lot of money, I (not work).
13. I (go) _____ to the party if I (not be) _____ so busy.
14. What you (do) if someone (give) _____ you a million pounds?
15. If I (be) _____ you, I (look) _____ for another job.

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II. Write the sentences in the Second Conditional.
1. He eats a lot of sweets. He's fat.
2. She smokes 40 cigarettes a day. She coughs a lot.
3. They don’t have a garden. They don’t grow vegetables.
4. I don’t have a boat. I won't sail around the world.
5. I can't swim well. I won't take part in the competition.
III. Write the correct form of the verbs. Choose will or would.
1. As soon as I hear the news, I (let) _____ you know.
2. If they keep playing as badly as this, they (lose) _____the match.
3. If I were you, I (not spend) _____so much time at home.
4. I (give) _____you a ring when I get home tonight.
5. Look out! If you stand near the edge you (fall) _____
6. You (feel) _____better if you didn't smoke.
7. Don't worry. I (wait) _____here for you until you come back.
8. If you don't stop making such a terrible noise, I (call) _____the police.
9. If more people used bicycles, there (not be) _____so much pollution.
10. If I lived in a house as big as yours, I (buy) _____more furniture.
IV. Multi-words verbs. Fill the gaps by multi-words. One example has
been given.
Take, get, turn(2), give, look, come, throw, fill, pick.

Off, away, in (2), around, on, out, up.


Example: I fell off the stairs.
1. _____and sit down.
2. You've missed a lot of lessons.
You'll have to _____them.
3. _____ _____your jacket. It's too hot here.
4. _____ _____of the window!
5. _____ _____ the lights! It's too dark here.
6. The books are too old. Let's_____ them _____.
7. They _____ _____with each other perfectly.
8._____the form please.
9. You look wonderful. _____ _____ I'll have a look at you.
10. I'm trying to _____smoking.

Test 12 D
I. Write the following sentences with if.
For example: I didn’t know Liz was ill, so I didn’t go to see her. - If I
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had known Liz was ill, I would have gone to see her.
1. I didn’t hear the children were fighting, so I didn’t stop them.
2. I didn’t talk to Marry, so I didn’t help her.
3. You didn’t take care, so you had problems.
4. You opened the cage and the parrot flew away.
5. She didn’t work much, so she didn’t earn money to buy car.
6. I had a lot of books on History, so I wrote my report at home.
7. I promised to take my daughter to the cinema, so I couldn't meet you
8. It was very important for me, so I tired to do my best.
II. Put one of the multi-word verbs in to each gap.
1. She never _____ the words in the dictionary.
2. _____ your hat, before you go into class.
3. _____ your coat. _____ I want to see if it suits you.
4. That’s it! I _____ this book for 2 days!
5. _____ the radio. I want to listen to music.
6. Who will _____ you, if you're unwell?
7. She _____ two nice children. They manage to _____ with each other.
I've never seen them quarreling.
8. He says he _____ Japanese quite quickly but I don’t believe him.
III. Correct the mistakes.
1. – I failed. – Unhappy luck.
2. Could you turn the radio, please down?
3. If I am you, I would change the job.
4. I would bought a better car, if I had more money.
5. If he would be my brother, I would get on with him.
IV. Write the sentences beginning with I wish.
For example: I don’t have a car. – I wish I had a car.
1. I want to stay at home. But I have to go.
2. What time is it? I don’t have a watch.
3. It’s cold. I hate such weather!
4. I can’t go to your party.
5. I want to have the key.
6. Oranges don’t grow here.
7. There is no cheese in the fridge.
8. Such a pity you’re not here.

Unit 13 A
I. Постройте предложения в Present Perfect Continuous.
1. looking, you, I, been, for, have, 2 hours.

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2. have, you, what, doing, been?
3. been, Linda, as a guide, has, for,3 months, working.
4. as a guide, how long, has working, Linda, been?
5. TV, all day, have, my children, watching.
6. you, here, been, how long, living, have?
7. shopping, we, all morning, going, have, been.
8. long, waiting, been, you, have?
II. Выберите правильную форму глагола (Present Perfect Simple /
Present Perfect Continuous).
1. Why are you so dirty? – I have been painted / have been painting the
bathroom.
2. Look at my bathroom! I have just painted / have just been painting it.
3. We have played / have been playing four games.
4. We have played / have been playing basketball all day.
5. I have studied / have been studying items of the exam.
6. I have studied / have been studying seven items.
7. My friends have planted / have been planting trees for already two
days.
8. They have already planted / have been planting thirty.

Test 13 B
I. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в нужном времени Present Perfect
Simple или Present Perfect Continuous.
1. I (cook) soup and pizza.
2. I (cook) for two hours.
3. How long she (study) German?
4. She (study) English and German. She speaks them fluently.
5. Ouch! I (break) the glass.
6. You (study) English long?
7. Stop it! You (talk) for an hour.
8. How long you (know) him?

Test 13 C
I. Put the verb in brackets into correct form Present Perfect Simple or
Present Perfect Continuous.
1. My hands are very dirty. I (repair) the car.
2. The car is OK now. I (repair) it.
3. Somebody (smoke) all my cigarettes, the packet is empty.
4. Mary is still writing letters. She (write) letters all day. She (write) 10

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letters today.
5. Where you (be)? I (look) for you for the last half hour.
6. How long you (know) each other? – We just (get) acquainted.
7. What you (do), since we last met?
II. Write whether the sentences given below right or wrong. Correct
the wrong sentences.
1. Bob is a friend of mine. I know him very well.
2. Bob is a friend of mine. I know him for a long time.
3. Sue and Alan are married since July.
4. The weather is awful. It's raining again.
5. The weather is awful. It's raining all day.
6. I like your house. How long are you living there?
7. Graham is working in a shop for the last few months.
8. I'm going to Paris tomorrow. I'm staying there until next Friday.
9. Do you still smoke? - No, I gave it up. I don't smoke for years.
10. That's a very old bicycle. How long do you have it?
III. Put the words in the correct order.
1. Is, 892891, John, this
2. To, I, Alice, could, please, speak
3. I, on, connect, hold, you, will
4. That, Alice, is?
5. Again, she, it's, afraid, me, I’m, out, is
6. I, can, a message, take?
IV. In each of the following sentences there is one mistake. Find it
and correct it. One sentence is correct.
1 I've been already written the essay.
2 Don't take this book. It's unuse.
3 He never write home, but often ring his parents
4 Could I speak with John, please?
5 His father has being gardening all week-end.
6 I wasn't agree with him
7 I used to smoke, but I gave in last year.
8 Where is Tom? - He's just left out of the office.
9 Don't forget to buy a bike for Harriet!
10Jim has left in love with Amanda!

Unit 14 A
I. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в Past Perfect.
1. She wanted to reserve a table but he (do) it.

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2. I wasn’t hungry. I (have) lunch.
3. Tom left very nervous. He never (drive) a van before.
4. When we came home children (make) a mess in their room.
5. When I come to Ann's place she (cook) diner.
6. It was so exciting. We never (fly) before.
7. I was so tired. I (have) a busy day.
8. I met Angela yesterday. She (return) from London.
II. Выберите правильную форму глагола.
1. George said if it is / was very difficult to play this role.
2. He said he studies / studied at Moscow University.
3. Ann said that she just had/had just had a telephone call.
4. Jack said that he will do / would do it for me.
5. Mike asked where are we going / we were going
6. She asked do I liked / if I liked her car.
7. He asked his brother what would he do / he would do.
8. He asked when did we move / we had moved to London.

Unit 14 B
I. Поставьте глаголы в скобках Past Simple или Past Perfect.
1. I (put) on coat (take) the umbrella and (go) out.
2. I (go) out and (remember) that I (forget) my umbrella.
3. When they (arrive) at the stadium the match already (begin).
4. When he (phone) Paula, she already (begin) packing.
5. When she (come) home her sister (do) the washing up.
6. He (arrive) at this town two days ago. He never (be) here before.
7. I (be) sure that I (write) the test well.
8. He (assure) us that he (recover).
II. Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.
1. Sally said: “I spend my winter holiday in the mountains.”
2. Carol said: “I’m going to the cinema.”
3. Marsha said: “I have just received a letter from my uncle.”
4. Denis said: “I will never forget you.”
5. He asked: “What are you waiting for?”
7. She asked: “Have you written the test?”
8. He asked: “Did she promise to help you?”

Unit 14 C
I. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct tense Past Simple or Past
Perfect.

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1. They (be) very angry when (realize) that their car (disappear).
2. Bill (enter) the café (sit) at the table and (order) a drink.
3. The day (not be) the luckiest day in his life. He (have) an argument
with his boss and his rival (go) to the business trip instead of him. He
(try) not to think about it, but in vain.
II. Write the following sentences in reported speech.
1. “You speak English well”, said my teacher.
2. “But you’ve made five grammar mistakes in your composition”, said
Mary.
3. She said: “You are always making mistakes in creative works.”
4. “I went to see my grandparents last week.” Said Liz
5. “When I get a job, I will rent a flat”, said Tom.
6. He asked Sarah: “Why have you bought namely these shoes?”
7. She asked me: “What will you do tomorrow if you are not busy in the
office.”
8. Sam asked Paula: “Are you doing anything tomorrow?”
III. Write the following sentences in direct speech.
1. The man said he had spent a month at the Black Sea coast last
summer.
2. I asked my friend if he had a headache.
3. I asked him when he had fallen ill.
4. I asked her how long she had been waiting for me.
5. He said he wouldn’t go with us.
6. She told that she was staying.
7. She asked me if I was listening to her.
8. He told me he was ill but he was getting better.
IV. Use take/bring or come/go in a suitable from.
1. Dear Alice! You must _____ and see us. _____ your children.
2. My friend is _____ to Madrid. When he _____ back, he _____ me
souvenirs.
V. Fill the gaps with a form of get and one of the words given below:
Lost late wet better married
1. Take the umbrella or you _____.
2. We _____ in August.
3. It is easy _____ in this forest.
4. How is your aunt? – She _____.
5. It _____. You should go home.
VI. Translate into Russian.
1. Here’s my number. Please get in touch if you have any problems with
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the dishwasher.
2. Celia Young finds romantic fiction easy to write.
3. Bye - bye! Thank you very much for having me.
4. He is so lucky he often wins a lot of money on the football pools.
5. It takes me forty minutes to get ready in the morning.

Unit 14 D
I. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form Past Simple, Past
Continuous or Past Perfect:
When I (get) home, Bill (lie) on the sofa. The television (be) on, but he
(not watch) it. He (fall) asleep. I (turn) the television off and (go) to the
kitchen. Though he (have) a busy day he (manage) to do a lot of things:
he (cook) supper, (do) the washing up, (iron) his shirts and (go)
shopping. I (feel) happy that I (choose) such a perfect husband.
II. Write the sentences using reported speech. Use say, reply, report,
ask.
George. I haven't seen you for ages. You look wonderful. What have you
been doing?
Linda. I got married 5 years ago. We have 2 children. So I am a
housewife.
George. Where is your husband from?
Linda He was born in Australia, but his parents moved to Lisbon and
they have been living there. We met in Lisbon when I was working as a
journalist and he was an editor. He is still working for this publishing
house but in its London office.
George Are you going to work again?
Linda Perhaps I will try my hand in a bookshop. I hope I will succeed in
this business
George I wish you good luck. I am sure we will meet one day
III. Come, go, take, bring. Fill in the gaps choosing the appropriate
verb in the correct form.
1 If you want _____to France don't forget _____all necessary
documents.
2 I hate when somebody _____ me carnations.
3_____to the Black Sea coast and _____your family. You need to relax.
IV. Fill in the gaps using word combinations with get.
1. How are you? –I am _____. Thanks.
2. The weather _____yesterday but today it is cold again.
3. I can't see the way out. We seem _____ this labyrinth.

148
4. Sorry. I shouldn't have said this. I always _____ when somebody
interferes with my private life.
5. You should calm down. It_____to talk with you.
Progress Test 11-14
I. Составьте предложения в страдательном залоге.
1. in 1914, completed, the Panama Canal, was
2. has, the new, been, apparatus, installed
3. by, the telephone, who, invented, was?
4. is, the new school, near my house, begin, built
5. repaired, my car, will, tomorrow, be
6. is, this book, into 74 languages, translated
7. can, this T- shirt, easily, washed, be
8. often, with fruit, made, this pie, is
9. will, this work, completed, be, when?
10. the lawns, carefully, grown, for 50 years, been, have
II. Выберите правильную форму глагола.
1. Stop to cry / cry / crying!
2. I’d like to go / go / going there.
3. I don’t want to do / do / doing the shopping.
4. I like to walk / walk / walking home.
5. He has forgotten to lock / lock / locking the door.
6. I really enjoy to swim / swim / swimming.
7. Jim asked me to come / come / coming earlier.
8. I promised to do / do / doing it.
9. The doctor told him to take / take / taking the medicine.
10. When I entered the room they continued to talk / talk / talking.
III. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в нужную форму.
1. If you go to the concert, you (like) it.
2. If he (not be) so stubborn, he would have less problems.
3. When I (see) him I will not be so worried.
4. If I were you I (not try) this drink.
5. As soon as I arrive in Moscow I (phone) you.
6. You (succeed) in everything, if your work hard.
7. The pizza (be) more delicious if you (add) some mushrooms in it. But
it's tasty with shrimps too.
8. As soon as we (get) there, I (start) looking for a job.
IV. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в нужной форме.
This story (tell) to me by my friend. Her father (come) to Taganrog

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(study) in TSURE. He (have) a great desire to study but (not have) any
idea where he (stay). So he (spent) his first night at the railway station.
When he (sleep) on the bench of the station he (wake) up by the police.
He (try) (explain) everything to the policeman but (fail). He (lead) to the
police station. When they (arrive) at the station he (be) so upset. He
(realize) that he (forget) the time of his first exam. He (be) so desperate
that the police officer (let) him (go). Then all his misfortunes (be) over.
He (enter) the university, (graduate) from it with red diploma. He (work)
for 15 year in an office and (build) a house, (buy) a car and (plant) a
garden around it. Now he (want) (start) his business. Tomorrow he
(meet) his bank manager. He (succeed) in everything if he (try).
V. Перепишите предложения в косвенной речи.
1. Do you like Ben Brown’s novels?
2. I think they will spoil their children.
3. The play was so boring I fell asleep in the first act.
4. I have passed the exam well.
5. Now I am trying to find a job.
6. How many letters have you written?
7. Why didn’t you return home?
8. I can’t drive.
VI. Выберите правильную форму прилагательного.
1. I like diving. It's so exciting / excited.
2. You look embarrassing / embarrassed.
3. We were greatly surprising / surprised by that news.
4. The film we saw was frightening / frightened.
5. We all were frightening / frightened.
6. My last business trip was so tiring / tired.
7. Are you interesting / interested in Maths? – Not, it's not interesting /
interested for me.
8. It was the most surprising / surprised news of the week.
9. I don’t know what to do. I’m so boring / bored!
VII. Перепишите предложения вставив предлоги.
1. Her room is always ____ a mess.
2. He works ____VW.
3. Don’t worry ____ it.
4. She always laughs ____ me.
5. You skirt is similar ____mine.
VIII. Фразовые глаголы. Cоставьте сочетания глагол + предлог,
используя следующие синонимы и дефиниции в качестве

150
подсказок.
1. look … a. expect
2. turn … b. care
3. bring … c. educate, raise
4. look d. reduce the volume or strength of sound

5. get … e. be friendly

151
Key
Unit1.
I 6. How many students are there in the
1. Are they studying German? class?
2. Does he speak English well? 7. Why is she unwell?
3. Is she 16? 8. How long does it take you to get to
4 Are we good students? the university?
5. Do you like coffee? IV.
6. Can he swim? 1. What sort of person is Lisa? / What
7. Will you like it? is Lisa like?
8. Is she reading an interesting book? 1. Are you still working?
2. Does Sarah speak French?
II. 3. When did he get up?
1. What is he? 4. Where has Jim gone?
2. Where are we going? 5. Have your parents come?
3. Whose book is this? 6. Did they enjoy the film?
4. What kind of furniture do you 7. Was it a hard work?
like? V.
5. How often do you go to Moscow? 1. isn’t it?
6. How does she get to the university? 2. Where was this vase made?
7. Why are we studying? 3. Who broke
8. When is he leaving? 4. Which car
III. 5. When did you graduate
1. What time is it? 6. What are you looking for?
2. Which car do you like? 7. Does Mary live in Kent?
3. How much is it? 8. You haven’t written the report, have
4. Who is speaking? you?
5. How old is your brother?

Test 2 A.
I
1. doesn’t get up, does my sister get up
2. don’t speak , do they speak?
3. don’t gather, do we gather?
4. don’t drink, do I drink?
5. don’t read, do you read?
6. doesn’t write, does my uncle write?
7. don’t bake, do we bake?
8. don’t sleep, do babies sleep?
II. 5. do you play
1. read 6. does she speak
2. do not read 7. works, doesn’t want
3. helps 8. do you get up, get up, doesn’t get
4. don’t go. up.
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5. are not having, have
III. 6. are not reading, is
1. doesn’t grow 7. do you want, don’t know
2. come, do you come 8. gets up, lives, gets, doesn’t like, is
3. does she go thinking
4. are you writing, am writing

IV.
1. She is not having. Is she having?
2. She is not drinking Is she drinking?
3. He is not cutting Is he cutting?
4. They are not making Are they making?
5. We are not studying Are we studying?
6. You are not working Are you working?
7. I am not cooking Am I cooking?
8. It is not getting Is it getting?

V. VII. . is getting
1. am not drinking, am writing 2. am reading
2. is sleeping 3. is rising.
3. is your friend doing? 4. are you going
4. is not sleeping, is working 5. Is Paul working, he is not working.
5. What is your sister doing, is 6. are enjoying
watching 7. is not working
6. are you going, am meeting 8. is anybody sitting
7. are eating VIII.1. Do you recognize
8. am looking, is having 2. +, I like tea.
9. is dancing, is smiling, is waving 3. +
10. is not eating, is trying 4. Do you have
11. am studying 5. She has, +
12. are playing 6. +, I don’t hear.
13. is playing 7. Who does this umbrella belong to?
14. are you doing, are listening. +
15 is packing, is he going, he is going. 8. + , +
16. are moving, is appearing, is IX. 1. Where does she come from?
getting. 2. What do they like? When do they
VI. 1. He is going to see his friends. like?
2. What is she doing? 3. What kind of music do you like?
3. We are not cooking now. 4. How many cigarettes does he
4. I am writing a letter to my aunt. smoke a day?
5. What is she writing? – She is 5. Who is reading?
writing an article. 6. Whose mother is a teacher? What is
6. Ten students are sitting in the class. my mother?
7. Where are they going?
8. Are you leaving tomorrow?
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Test 2C

I. II.
1. is … working 1. isn’t raining
2. do you look up 2. am not going
3. are you feeling. 3. am working, aren’t … using, am
4. come, are having looking,
5. are you doing, am writing 4. are you leaving
6. do you do 5. are you doing, am meeting
7. are coming 6. is not playing
8. are you going. 7. are you learning

Test 2D

I.1. are, are being


2. are you leaving, am leaving
3. does the train leave, it leaves.
4. are you doing, am seeing
5. are playing
6. is getting
7. does the film start
8. is being
II. 1. I am going to the country, although I don’t like it but however, I don’t
like it
2. She never eats pasta, because she prefers Chinese food.
3. She is tired, so she is going home.
4. I am studying at the university, so I am not working full-time. I am not working
full – time, because I am studying at the university.
5. I enjoy study, but I don’t like some teachers. Although I don’t like some
teachers, I enjoy study.

III.
a) How
b) who IV
c) why .1. smells, don’t want
d) where 2. are looking (look), are you thinking
e) what 3. is being
f) why 4. thinks
g) which 5. are you feeling (do … feel)
h) how long 6. rings, are having
i) how 7. is Cathy arriving, am meeting
j) when 8. are you doing, am seeing

V. 1. She is being so nervous today. She isn’t usually like that.


154
2. I am playing volleyball on Tuesday, I am going to see my aunt on Wednesday, I
am trying to get ready for an exam on Thursday.
3. Your English is getting (even) better.
4. Do you like (Are you enjoying the play?) – Yes, I am watching it with pleasure
(I am enjoying it).
5. I want to get thinner, so I am not having supper this week.
6. Tom is so strange. He is always laughing.
7. What are you looking for?
8. You are always losing your wallet!
Unit 3a

I
1. said III
6. met 1. had
2. arrived 7. wrote 2. Did you ring, did you want,
3. lived8. invented wanted
4. read 9. put 3. Was, became
5. went 10. looked 4. cooked
II 5. didn’t buy
1. did you get – got
2. went, didn’t go, went IV. 1.was writing
3. helped 2. was sleeping
4. were, cooked 3. were not doing
5. met 4. were playing
6. didn’t get 5. were you doing, was having
7. spent 6. wasn’t eating, was keeping
8. passed 7. was listening

V. 1. played
2. was playing
3. was…doing
4. did he do, read
5. didn’t play, was playing
6. came, was cooking, ate, drank
7. were, went
8. came, was sleeping

Test 3 B
I.
1. came, was playing 5. came, was drinking
2. was walking, met 6. invented, continued
3. was thinking, fell 7. were, went
4. was having 8. didn’t you tell, didn’t want

155
II 4. for
5. during
1. at, at 6. while
2. in, in 7. during
3. on 8. for
4. –
5. on IV.
6. at
7. – 1. for
8. on 2. of
3. in
4. to
III 5. at
6. for
1. for 7. to
2. for 8. with
3. during

Test 3 C
1.
1. were drinking
2. phoned, was watching
3. graduated
4. was cooking, was doing
5. was writing

II. was driving, saw, were looking for, were crying, stopped, helped, were, thanked.

Test 3D
1- 17 were discussing 33 looked 49 hoped
2 bought 18 came 34 at 50 wasn’t
growing
3 had 19 saw 35 saw 51 was
4 while 20 - 36 was 52 tried
5 was carrying 21 was 37 asked 53 said
6 met 22 watered 38 were playing 54 were
7 liked 23 was growing 39 cleared 55 learnt
8 got 24 didn’t see 40 at
9 was holding 25 was playing 41 while
10 for 26 thought 42 were playing
11 was 27 didn’t like 43 kicked
12 was waiting 28 happened 44 got
13 for 29 was getting 45 put
14 came 30 didn’t understand 46 during
156
15 saw 31 was trying/tried 47 were looking
16 were sitting 32 changed 48 at

Test 5 A
I II
1. to study, to graduate 1. will
2. visiting, lying 2. am going to
3. to take 3. are going to
4. talking 4. will
5. going, meeting 5. will
6. to look 6. won’t try, will
7. to come, to take 7. are going to
8. trying, to eat 8. is going to

Test 5 B
I
II
1. to move 1. am going to
2. to fund 2. are you going to
3. working, solving 3. am going to
4. to work 4. will
5. working 5. are you going to
6. to earn 6. are you going to
7. to live 7. am going to
8. to make 8. am going to

Test 5C
I.
1. to go out 6. to find
2. to play, dancing 7. barking
3. to take 8. asking
4. to buy 9. talking / to talk
5. listening
II.

1. are going to, am going to, will work and do


2. are you going to, are going to paint, will go
3. will you buy, I won’t

VI.
1. Мне хотелось бы иметь и одноязычный и двуязычный словари,
потому что я собираюсь серьезно изучать английский язык. 2. Некоторые
157
люди думают, что быть амбициозным – значит быть жестким, много работать
и быть одиноким. 3. Я подвезу тебя до станции и заберу на обратном пути. 4.
Я собираюсь отдохнуть месяц и насладиться ничегонеделаньем. 5. Одинокие
люди обращаться в брачное агентство обычно в возрасте 30 лет, когда они
добились положения в обществе

Test 5D
I.
1. smoking 9. to rain
2. doing / having 10. talking, putting
done 11. to switch, to
3. going switch
4. to tell 12. to lay
5. to pass, to do 13. laughing
6. to not touch 14. to work, to make
7. staying 15. cleaning
8. to smoke 16. moving

II.
1. am going to get 6. will send
2. am going to pack 7. are you going to get
3. are you going to leave 8. will get
4. am going to fly 9. will give
5. will be
III. 1. Nobody wants to try this dish.
1. He is a very ambitions person. He is 35 and he owns a number of hotels.
2. I can’t plan and arrange my scientific research well.

Progress Test 1-5 C.

I.
1. go, is, isn’t shining, is
2. are …doing, am writing
3. do you do, do
4. comes, is having
5. comes, is making
6. meet, is running
7. enters, stand up
8. is…coming, is coming
II.
1. Do they have, they don’t have
2. Have you got, I haven’t got
3. Has she got, she hasn’t got
4. Does he have, he doesn’t have
158
III.
Sold, laughed, taught, read, complained, decided.
IV.
1. were playing, started
2. was going, reached, was
3. were walking, saw, was passing
4. was Kate going, met, was going

VII.
V. 1. a
1. on 2. the
2. at, in 3. -, the
3. at 4. a
4. at 5. the
VI. VIII.
1. some 1. am going
2. some 2. will
3. a lot of 3. are you going
4. much, a little 4. will

IX.
1. Я люблю бельгийский шоколад. – Я привезу тебе.
2. Я еду домой через два дня.
3. Суп, который ты приготовила вчера, был очень вкусным.
4. Мне, пожалуйста, большой батон темного тостерного хлеба.
5. Можно взять эту сумку в качестве ручной клади?

Progress Test 1-5 D

I.
Are, will be. -, signed, some. Are seeing, are going to discuss, some. -, went. -, will
be.
doesn’t scare. Attract, a lot of. Want to see. To have.
Are, some. Give. Puts. Attended, was. Reported.
Discourages, some, not to honour. Try. To improve. Believe, will enjoy going.
II.
When did you start going out?
Where did you meet?
What do you like most of all?
Have you already met his parents?
Did you like them?
How often do you keep in touch with the parents?
Where are you going to have a ceremony?
Where are you going for honeymoon?
What kind of dress are you going to have?
159
How old is he?
What does he do? / What is he?
What is he doing now?
Where does he live?

III.
1. the, the, the, -, the, the. 2. the, a, the, -.
IV.
1. Sometimes I am being lazy.
2. The work doesn’t attract me.
3. I phone my friends and invite them somewhere out.
4. I get on well with the chef of a restaurant.
5. I arrange the meeting there.
6. We order some chicken, fruit salad and soft drinks.
7. Usually we leave the restaurant at 11.
8. But last time we left at midnight.
9. My friends are very caring. They never leave me alone.
10. We spend a lot of time together. I’d like to give parties every week.

Test 6 A
I. II.
1. is 1. earlier earliest
2. were 2. fewer fewest
3. do 3. more beautiful most beautiful
4. did 4. bigger biggest
5. was 5. prettier prettiest
6. is 6. more crowed most crowded
7. do 7. less least
8. are 8. nicer nicest

III.
1. Taganrog is as big as Novocherkassk
2. Tagnrog is bigger then Novocherkassk
3. He is as intelligent as his father.
4. He is more intelligent than his father
5. I live as far from the city centre as you
6. I live farther from the city centre than you
7. He has as high points as his friend
8. He has higher points than his friend

IV.
Go along 4th street past the park and the library
Go along 6th street past the parking, cinemas 1,2, restaurant, cross Elm Street. Go
across 6th Street
160
Go up Elm Street past the post office across 6th Street turn left. Go past the drug-
stone and the bookstore
Go up Poplar Street, turn across 5th Street and 6th Street past the department store
Go across Elm Street, turn right, go past the high school. Turn left
Go alone 6th Street, past the restaurant, cinema 1, 2 and the parking
Go alone 5th Street past the high school
Go alone 6th Street across Elm Street, turn right, go down Elm Street past the post
office, turn left. Go along 5th Street past the high school, turn right

Test 6B
I. 8. more peaceful most peaceful
1. is 5. is
2. does 6. was III.
3. is 7. was 1.larger 5. the highest
4. does 8. did 2. the largest 6. pretty
II. 3. tall 7. prettier
1. meaner meanest 4. smaller 8. the most
2. more powerful most powerful beautiful
3. more outgoing most outgoing IV.
4. slower slowest 1. out of 4. past 7. up
5. ruder rudest 2. right 5. to 8. past
6. deeper deepest 3. along 6. right
7. happier happiest

Unit 6C
I.
1. (a bit) more slowly
2. earlier, more, less ,better
3. the most peaceful, better
4. the most exciting and pleasant
5. the best
II 5. as far from the university as him
1. are as stubborn farther than him
is more stubborn than III.
2. is as crowded as 1. is
is more crowded than 2.does
3. am as good singer as 3.is
am better singer than 4.was
4. is as hot as 5.are
is hotter than

161
Test 6 D
I. 5. harder and harder
1. more quiet/quieter 6. older
2. farther 7. elder
3. further 8. more important
4. cheaper
II.
1. The more friends you have, the better it is for you.
2. The more I thought over the plan, the less I liked it.
3. The sooner we start discussing the problem, the sooner we’ll solve it.
4. The sooner, the better.
5. I’m not waiting any longer.
6. You spent more money than me/I did.
7. Ann earns more than me/I do.
Ann’s salary is higher than mine.

Test 7 A.

I
1. recognized 6. Begun
2. sent 7. taken
3. lost 8. Whispered
4. caught 9. sold
5.wasted 10. trained
II.
1. I have already eaten my breakfast.
2. He has just put the dishes on the table.
3. They have just had tea.
4. She has just taken dirty plates from the table
5. The students have already written the test.
6. She has already learnt the poem.
7. He has just told them an interesting story.
8. We have just opened the box of chocolates.

III.
1. I haven’t eaten my breakfast yet.
2. Has he put the dishes?
3. Have they had tea yet?
4. She hasn’t taken dirty plates from the table yet.
5. Have the students written the test yet?
6. She hasn’t learnt the poem yet.
7. Has he told them an interesting story?
8. We haven’t opened the box of chocolates yet.

IV 1. for
162
2. since 1. Went.
3. since 2. has gone
4. for 3. saw
5. for 4. haven’t seen
6. since 5. read
7. for 6. have you read
8. since. 7. has written
V. 8. wrote.

Test 7 B

I. 3. since
1. has not come 4. for
2. have just got
3. have you ever been II. 1. felt, went
4. have lost 2. has not risen
5. Has gone 3. have not decided
6. Have improved 4. Have you seen, haven’t
7. Have you read 5. has returned
8. Have you booked. Have 6. went
II. 7. have … come
1. since 8. did … come , came
2. for
III. 1 Yes, she did / No, she didn’t
2. Yes, they have / No, they haven’t
3. Yes, they do / No, they don’t
4. Yes, she was / No, she wasn’t
5. Yes, I am / No, I am not
6. Yes, he is / No, he isn’t
7. Yes, I was / No, I wasn’t
8. Yes, they did / No, they didn’t

Unit 7 C

I. II.
1. flew flown 1. has lost, has happened
2. founded founded 2. have you run
3. taught taught 3. has not rained
4. invited invited 4. has not worked
5. peeled peeled 5. have you heard
6. broke broken 6. have driven
7. packed packed 7. has broken
8. lost lost 8. have drunk
9. chose chosen
10 showed shown
163
III. IV
1. has gone 1. since
2. went, have come 2. since
3. lived, moved, has lived 3. for
4. invented 4. for
5. Did…have, have had, moved 5. for
VI 1. always, especially
2. even, of course, at least
3. nearly, even
4. only, at least
5. of course

Test 7 D
I. 3. had to
1. has phoned 4. moved
2. has broken, was, didn’t do 5. for
3. studied, have forgotten 6. lived
4. Have you seen, saw 7. since
5. has taken 8 went
6. has eaten, left 9 started
7. have been, left 10 has written
8. have read 11 since
12 since
II. 1. started 13 has traveled
2. had 14 has won.

III. 1. Do you know, Tom has saved several people in the accident and has
got an award for it?
2. I think, it’s shame to take an award for it.
3. I think charity organizations should help different kinds of people.
4. Fare has increased this month.
5. Who has broken the guitar?

Test 8 a
I.
1. Should 5. should
2. had to 6. don’t have to
3. should 7. do you have to
4. had to 8. should
II. 1. She shouldn’t learn. Should she learn?
2. He didn’t have to work. Did he have to work?
3. He doesn’t have to get. Does he have to get?
4. You shouldn’t do. Should you do?

164
Test 8 B

1. should 1. You shouldn’t take


2. have to 2. They don’t have to keep
3. has to 3. She doesn’t have to cook
4. should 4. You shouldn’t see
5. have to 5. Do students have to work?
6. should 6. Do you have to eat?
7. has to 7. Does she have to take?
8. had to 8. Did he have to work?

Test 8 C

I.
1. have to 6. shouldn’t
2. shouldn’t 7. should
3. have to 8. don’t have to
4. should 9. have to
5. should 10. should

II.
1. Моя мать - доктор, она работает с больными людьми.
2. Думаю, тебе следует больше упражняться.
3. – Хочешь пойти прогуляться? – Боюсь, не могу.
4. В моей семье посуду должна мыть моя сестра.
5. Когда Кимора начала работать в Шанель, ей пришлось учить французский.

Test Unit 8 D
1. shouldn’t be working
2. should have come
3. do I have to do
4. have you ever had to go
5. shouldn’t have lost
6. should pass
7. should have arrived
8. did you have to wait.

Test 9 A
I. 5. try, will like
1. go 6. doesn’t work, will fail
2. don’t go 7. go, will take
3. am 8. phones, will arrange.
4. isn’t won’t go
II
1. If he is busy, I’ll leave him alone.
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2. If you put on glasses, you’ll see better.
3. When he comes to the hotel, he’ll send a telegram.
4. When my father returns, we’ll discuss it
5. If you give me your address, I’ll write you a letter.
6. When he starts reading 5 pages a day, his vocabulary will increase.
7. If my friends go to the Black Sea, I’ll go with them.
8. If I don’t like the dish, I won’t tell about it.

Test 9 B
I. 1. have, will go 5. has, will try
2. go, will go 6. tries, will study
3. goes, won’t do 7. studies, will stay
4. doesn’t do, will have 8. stays, will come

II. 1. If I work a lot. I will be tired


2. If somebody breaks vase, I will be angry.
3. If she doesn’t find the key, she will break the door.
4. When he finished school, he will enter the university.
5. When he enters the university, he will try to work hard.
6. If he works hard, he will get good notes.
7. If he gets good notes, he will get a grant.
8. If he gets a grant, he won’t have money problem.

Test 9 C
I. 1. pass, will buy 6. will stay, goes
2. will give, see 7. get. Will keep
3. will suffer, don’t look 8. will give, arrives
4. reads, will understand 9. won’t grow, don’t water.
5. will marry, find 10. will learn, study.
II.
1. do 6. have made
2. makes 7. do
3. do 8. make
4. make 9. do
5. will make, will make

Unit 9 D
1. If I don’t go, I will miss the bus.
2. If you don’t watch the cat, it will eat all the fish.
3. If I am in town, I will come to see you.
4. If you leave half of your luggage, it will be easier to walk.
5. If Ann goes shopping, she will buy some sugar for us.
6. As soon as I come home, I’ll phone my parents.
7. When I see him, I will recognize him.
8. If you work hard, you will get good marks.
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Unit 10 A.

I. 1. I didn’t use to live alone II. 1. used to spend


2. Did you use to live …? 2. spent
3. My children used to watch. 3. didn’t use to eat
4. Did your children use to watch? 4. Did he eat
5. She used to eat. 5. used to watch
6. She didn’t use to eat 6 watched
7. You used to like. 7 used to have
8. Did you use to like? 8 cut

III.
1. eat 5. do
2. not to shout 6. talk
3. to lend 7. to study
4. to keep 8. cry

Unit 10 B

I. 1 came, used to live


2. used to be, closed
3. used to play, stopped
4. didn’t use to like, changed

II.
1. to help 5. to go
2. to invite 6. to stop
3. being 7. to concentrate
4. feel 8. to weep/weeping, to hear

V.
1. I went shopping to buy some clothes.
2. I’m going to Moscow to visit art galleries
3. We should hurry not be late
4. I’m not eating anything this week to get thinner.

VI.
1. It’s easy to answer the question.
2. It is important to learn the rules.
3. It is difficult to talk to strange people.
4. It is necessary to train regularly.

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Unit 10 C
I.
1. listening 6. doing
2. to get 7. to stop
3. to go 8. to be
4. go out 9. do
5. feel 10. laugh

II.
1. I am happy to see you again.
2. It is important to consult a dictionary.
3. It is impossible to sleep in such noise.
4. I’ve entered the university to become a good specialist
5. I borrowed 1000$ to buy a car

III.
1. disappointed IV.
2. interested 1. suddenly
3. exciting 2. seriously
4. amused 3. properly
5. terrifying, shocked 4. patiently
6. bored, boring 5. quickly
7. boring, interesting

Unit 10 D

I. didn’t use to like, used to drink, didn’t use to put, used to eat, don’t use this
teapot, use, didn’t use to collect, used to hate

Test 1-10.
I.
1. Who has written a letter?
2. What has Peter written?
3. Who is talking to the guests in the sitting room?
4. Who is Mrs. Moore talking to?
5. Where is Mrs. Moore talking to her guests?
6. Who went into town?
7. When did I go into town?
8. Who did I go into town with?
9. Why did I go into town?
10. What did I want to buy?

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II.
1. went
2. have you read, haven’t read ,will give
3. entered, was having
4. have cut
5. did you buy, bought
6. gets, is going
7. am meeting, want, to start, to run, cooking, to succeed
8. do you come, come, comes

III.
1. on 6. to IV.
2. -- 7. at 1. should
3. at 8. --- 2. has to
4. to 9. in 3. should
5. in 10. at 4. should
5. have to

V.
1. more modern, bigger VII.
2. has to 1. in
3. should 2. of
4. the strongest, the best 3. with
4. to
5. for
VI.
1. much XI.
2. (a few) some, (a little) some 1. eat, will be
3. any/much 2. come, will phone
4. some any/much 3. sees, will not recognize
5. some/a lot of/a few 4. don’t go, will be
6. a lot of 5. has, will lend

Unit 12 A

I.
1. Если я опоздаю на спектакль, то очень расстроюсь.
2. Если бы я был президентом, то уделял бы больше внимания проблемам
молодежи.
3. Если он не пойдет в магазин, у нас нечего будет есть.
4. Если бы я не сходил в магазин, мы бы пошли в кафе.

II.
1. had, would invite.
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2. were, would make.
3. Lived, would lie.
4. Don’t invite, will not go, didn’t invite, wouldn’t go.

III.
1. He might be late.
2. Portu might win the match.
3. He might go to his friends or stay at home.
4. I might cook dinner or we might eat something out.

Unit 12 B.

I.
1. had, would go.
2. wanted, would come.
3. weren’t, would be.
4. went, would admire.
5. ate, wouldn’t be
6. kept, would look.
7. discussed, wouldn’t have
8. were, would work.

Test 12 C.

I.
1. had, would find be
2. were, wouldn’t be 9. offered, would accept
3. followed, would be 10. were, would try
4. gave up, would save 11. lived, would have
5. would find, had 12. had, wouldn’t work
6. would understand, tried 13. went, wouldn’t be
7. became, would have 14. would do, gave
8. stopped, walked, would be, would 15. were you, would look

II.
1. If he ate fewer sweets, he wouldn’t be so fat.
2. If she didn’t smoke 40 cigarettes a day, she wouldn’t cough.
3. If they had a garden, they would grow vegetables.
4. If I had a boat, I would sail around the world.
5. If I could swim well, I would take part in the competition.

III.
a. will let d. will give
b. will lose e. will fall
c. wouldn’t spend f. would feel
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g. will wait i. wouldn’t be
h. will call j. wouldn’t buy

IV.
1. Come in 6. throw away
2. pick up 7. get on
3. take off 8. fill in
4. look out 9. turn round
5. turn on 10. give up

V.

1. Look up 6. turn on
2. Take off 7. look after
3. Put on 8. has brought up
4. Turn round 9. get on
5. I’ve been looking 10. picked up

Test 12 D.
I.
1. If I had heard the children were fighting, I would have stopped them.
2. If I had talked to Mary, I would have helped her.
3. If you had taken care you wouldn’t have had problems.
4. If you hadn’t opened the cage, the parrot wouldn’t have flown away.
5. If she had worked a lot, she would have earned money to buy car.
6. If I hadn’t had many books on history at home, I would have written my report
at the library.
7. If I hadn’t promised to take my daughter to the cinema, I would have met you.
II.
1. Look up 6. turn on
2. Take off 7. look after
3. Put on 8. has brought up
4. Turn round 9. get on
5. I’ve been looking 10. picked up

III.
1. I wish I stayed at home.
2. I wish I had a watch.
3. I wish it were warm.
4. I wish I were at your party.
5. I wish I had the key.
6. I wish oranges grew here.
7. I wish there was cheese in the.
8. I wish you were here.
IV.
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1. bad luck
2. turn down the radio/turn the radio down
3. were
4. would buy
5. he were

Unit 13 A.
I.
1. I have been looking for you for 2 hours.
2. What have you been doing?
3. Linda has been working as a guide for two months.
4. How long has Linda been working as a guide?
5. My children have been watching TV all day.
6. How long have you been living here.
7. We have been going shopping all morning.
8. Have you been waiting long?

II.
1. have been painting.
2. have just painted.
3. have played
4. have been playing
5. have been studying
6. have studied
7. have been planting
8. have planted

Unit 13 B.
4. has studied
I. 5. have broken
1. have cooked 6. have you been studying
2. have been cooking 7. have been talking
3. has she been studying 8. have you known.

Unit 13C.
I.
1. I have been repairing
2. Have repaired
3. has smoked
4. has been writing, has written
5. have you been, have been looking
6. have you known, have got
7. have you been doing
172
II.
1. right
2. wrong. have known
3. wrong. Have been married
4. right
5. wrong. Has been raining
6. wrong. Have you been living
7. wrong. Has been working
8. right
9. wrong. Haven’t been smoking
10. wrong., have you had

III.
1. 892891. This is John
2. Could I speak to Alice, please?
3. Hold on. I will connect you
4. Is, that Alice?
5. It’s me again. I’m afraid she is out
6. Can I take a message?

IV. 6. didn’t agree


1. I’ve written 7. gave up last year
2. useless 8. left the office
3. writes, rings 9. correct
4. to John 10. fallen in love
5. has been

Unit 14 A.
I.
1. had done 5. had cooked
2. had had 6. had never flown
3. had never driven 7. had had
4. had made 8. had returned

II.
1. was 5. we were going
2. studied 6. if I liked
3. had just had 7. he would do
4. would do 8. we had moved

173
Unit 14 B.
I.
1. put, look, went
2. went, remembered, had forgotten
3. arrived, had begin
4. phoned, had gone
5. came, had done
6. arrived, had never been
7. was, had written
8. assured, had recovered, could

II.
1. Sally said she spent her winter holidays in the mountains.
2. Carol said she was going to the cinema.
3. Marsha said she had just received a letter from her uncle.
4. Denis said he would never forget me.
5. He asked what I was waiting for.
6. She asked when I would go to the cinema.
7. She asked if I had written the test.
8. He asked if she had promised to help me.

Unit 14 C.
I.
1. were, realized, had, disappeared
2. entered, sat, ordered, wasn’t, had had, had done, tired

II.
1. My teacher said that I spoke English well.
2. Marry said that I had made five grammar mistakes in my composition
3. She said I was always making mistakes in creative work.
4. Liz said she had gone to see her grandparents last week.
5. Tom said when he got a job, he would rent a flat.
6. She asked me what I would do tomorrow if I was not busy in the office.
7. He asked Sarah why she had bought namely those shoes.
8. Sam asked Paula if she was doing anything the next day.

III.
1. I spent a month at the Black Sea coast last summer.
2. Do you have a headache?
3. When did you fall ill?
4. How long have you been waiting for me?
5. I will not go with you.
6. I am staying with my sister until I find a flat.
7. Are you listening to me?
8. I am ill but I am getting better
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IV. 1. will get wet
1. come, bring 2. got married
2. going, comes, will bring 3. to get lost
4. is getting late
V.

VI.
1. Это мой номер, пожалуйста, позвоните мне, если будут проблемы с
посудомоечной машиной
2. С. Янг считает, что романтические произведения писать легко
3. Пока! Большое спасибо, что приняли меня.
4. Он такой везучий. Он часто выигрывает большие суммы на футбольном
тотализаторе.
5. Утром я трачу 40 минут, чтоб собраться.

Test 14 D.
I.
got, was lying, was, wasn’t watching, had fallen, turned, went, had had, had
managed, cooked, did, ironing, went, felt, had chosen
II.
He hadn’t seen her for ages she looked wonderful. What she had been doing.
She had got married 5 years ago they had two children. She was a
housewife.
Where her husband was from he has been born in Australia, his parents had
moved to Lisbon had they had been living there .They had met in Lisbon when she
had been working as a journalist and he had been an editor. He was still working
for this publishing house if she was going to work again.
Perhaps she would try her hand in a bookshop. She hoped she would
succeed. He wished her good luck. He was sure they would meet one day.

III. 1. getting better


1. to go, to take 2. got warm
2. brings 3. to get lost
3. Go, take 4. get angry, is getting
IV. difficult
4. The new school is being built near
Progress test 11-14 my house.
5. My car will be repaired tomorrow.
1. The Panama Canal was completed 6. This book is translated into 74
in 1914. languages.
2. The new apparatus has been 7. This T-shirt can be easily washed.
installed. 8. This pie is often made with fruit.
3. Who was the telephone invented 9. When will this work be completed?
by? 10. The lawns have been carefully
175
grown for 50 years. 15. was 31. will
II. succeed
1. crying 6. swimming 16. realized 32. tries
2. to go 7. to come V.
3. to do 8. to do 1. He asked if I liked Ben Brown’s
4. walking 9. to take novels.
5. to lock 10. to 2. He said he thought they would
talk/talking spoil their children.
III. 3. He said the play had been so
1. will like 5. will boring; he had fallen asleep in the first
phone act.
2. weren’t 6.will 4. He said he had passed the exams
succeed well.
3. see 7. 5. He said he was frying to find a job.
would be, added 6. He asked how many letters I had
4. wouldn’t try 8. get written.
will start 7. He asked why I hadn’t returned.
IV. 8. He said he couldn’t drive.VI.
1. was told 17. had 1. exciting 5. frightened
forgotten 2. embarrassed6. frightening
2. came 18. was 3. surprised 7. interested
3. to study 19. let interesting
4. had 20. go 4. frightening 8. surprising
5. didn’t have 21. were VII. 1. in
6. would stay 22. entered 2. for
7. spent 23. graduated 3. about
8. was sleeping 24. has been 4. at
working 5. to
9. was woken up 25. has built VIII. 1. look forward
10. fried 26. has bought 1. turn down
11. to explained 27. has planted 2. bring up
12. failed 28. wants 3. look after
13. was led 29. to start get on well
14. arrived 30. is meeting

176
Ольга Геннадьевна Мельник
Ольга Сергеевна Тарасенко,
Людмила Васильевна Буренко,
Лейла Клементьевна Сальная

Guided Grammar
УЧЕБНО-МЕТОДИЧЕСКАЯ РАЗРАБОТКА
По формированию иноязычной профессиональной компетенции
Студентов базового курса

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Издательство Таганрогского Государственного Радиотехнического Университета
г.Таганрог, пер.Некрасовский, 44
Типография Таганрогского Государственного Радиотехнического Университета
г.Таганрог, ул.Энгельса, 1