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1. Answer: D.

Watson and Crick


2. Answer: A. Glucose
3. Answer: B. Two sperms fertilize one ovum
4. Answer: B. Karl Landsteiner
5. Answer: A. Pituitary
6. Answer: B. Bile Pigments
7. Answer: C. Colour blind sons and carrier daughters
8. Answer: D. Adrenaline
9. Answer: C. Mitochondrion
10. Answer: A. 2

Mushroom is a _______.

fungus

fern

Mushroom is a fungus. Fungi are usually white-colored and hairy. They grow on dead
matter. Mushroom is a non-flowering plant. Non-flowering plants do not produce
flowers.
2. Cycas is a _______ plant.

closed-seeded

naked-seeded

Cycas is a naked-seeded plant (gymnosperm). The seeds of a gymnosperm are naked


(exposed).
3. _______ is a closed-seeded flowering plant.

Fir

Pine

Spruce

Oak

Oak is a closed-seeded flowering plant (angiosperm). The seeds of an angiosperm are


enclosed in a fruit covering.
4. Mushroom is a _______ plant.
flowering

non-flowering

Mushroom is a non-flowering plant. Non-flowering plants do not produce flowers.


5. Bacteria have leaves, stems, and roots.

True

False

Bacteria do not have leaves, stems, or roots. Bacteria are present in air, water, food,
and soil. They are non-flowering plants. Non-flowering plants do not produce flowers.
6. Moss and riccia are green, flowering plants.

True

False

Moss and riccia are green, non-flowering plants. Non-flowering plants do not produce
flowers. Moss and riccia are observed on wet ground and wet walls.
7. _______ is a flowering plant.

Guava

Mushroom

Guava is a flowering plant. Flowering plants produce flowers.

Which of the following is the longest stage of mitosis?

Metaphase

Anaphase

Prophase

Telophase

The prophase is the longest stage of mitosis.


2. Equatorial plate of the mitotic spindle is formed during the _______.

early prophase
metaphase

anaphase

late prophase

During the metaphase, the spindle apparatus becomes well-defined and the
chromosomes get arranged at the equatorial plate.
3. During which stage of mitosis do chromatids separate to form two sets of
daughter chromosomes?

Interphase

Prophase

Anaphase

Telophase

During the anaphase, the chromosomes divide at the centromere and start moving
towards opposite poles.
4. During which stage of mitosis do nucleoli reappear?

Telophase

Late Prophase

Early Prophase

Anaphase

During the telophase, the nuclear membrane appears around the two groups of
chromosomes. Thus, two well-defined nucleoli are formed.
5. During which stage of mitosis does longitudinal splitting of the chromosomes
occur?

Prophase

Telophase

Anaphase

Metaphase

During the anaphase, longitudinal splitting of the chromosomes occurs.


6. The interphase and mitosis together constitute the cell cycle.
True

False

The interphase and mitosis together constitute the cell cycle.


7. The nuclear membrane is formed around the newly-formed sets of daughter
chromosomes during the telophase.

True

False

During the telophase, the nuclear membrane appears around the two groups of
chromosomes. Thus, two well-defined nuclei are formed. This is followed by the division
of the cytoplasm by a constriction ring at the equator (in the animal cell) or by the
formation of a cell plate (in the plant cell).

The resting stage of the cell is known as the _______.

interphase

telophase

anaphase

prophase

The period between two cell divisions, i.e., the resting stage of the cell, is known as the
interphase.
2. Which stage of mitosis is depicted in the diagram below?

Prophase

Anaphase
Metaphase

Telophase

During the telophase, nuclear membrane appears around the two groups of
chromosomes . Thus, two well-defined nuclei are formed. This is followed by the
division of the cytoplasm by a constriction ring at the equator (in the animal cell) or by
the formation of a cell plate (in the plant cell).
3. During which stage of mitosis do nucleoli reappear?

Early Prophase

Anaphase

Telophase

Late Prophase

During the telophase, the nuclear membrane appears around the two groups of
chromosomes. Thus, two well-defined nucleoli are formed.
4. Which stage of mitosis is depicted in the diagram below?

Prophase

Telophase

Anaphase

Metaphase

During the anaphase, the chromosomes divide at the centromere and start moving
towards opposite poles. Finally, they are arranged at the opposite poles of the spindle.
5. The interphase and mitosis together constitute the cell cycle.

True
False

The interphase and mitosis together constitute the cell cycle.


6. Mitotic cell division is initiated in the _______.

mitotic spindle

nucleus

centromere

centriole

Prophase is the first phase of mitosis. It begins with the division of the centriole.
7. The nuclear membrane is formed around the newly-formed sets of daughter
chromosomes during the telophase.

True

False

During the telophase, the nuclear membrane appears around the two groups of
chromosomes. Thus, two well-defined nuclei are formed. This is followed by the division
of the cytoplasm by a constriction ring at the equator (in the animal cell) or by the
formation of a cell plate (in the plant cell).

During which stage of mitosis is the nuclear membrane broken into


fragments?

Late Prophase

Metaphase

Early Prophase

Anaphase

During the early prophase, the nuclear membrane is broken into fragments.
2. The number of chromosomes in a human cell is _______.

23
46

There are 23 pairs of chromosomes in each human cell.


3. Equatorial plate of the mitotic spindle is formed during the _______.

metaphase

late prophase

early prophase

anaphase

During the metaphase, the spindle apparatus becomes well-defined and the
chromosomes get arranged at the equatorial plate.
4. During mitosis, loosely arranged strands of chromosomes become coiled, shortened
and distinct during the metaphase.

True

False

Loosely arranged strands of chromosomes become coiled, shortened and distinct


during the prophase.
5. Which stage of mitosis is depicted in the diagram below?

Prophase

Telophase

Anaphase

Metaphase

During the anaphase, the chromosomes divide at the centromere and start moving
towards opposite poles. Finally, they are arranged at the opposite poles of the spindle.
6. Mitotic cell division is initiated in the _______.

mitotic spindle

centromere

nucleus

centriole

Prophase is the first phase of mitosis. It begins with the division of the centriole.
7. The resting stage of the cell is known as the _______.

anaphase

telophase

interphase

prophase

The period between two cell divisions, i.e., the resting stage of the cell, is known as the
interphase.

F
A paramecium is a multicellular organsim T or F

T
Cells are highly organiszed, tiny structures T or F

T
All living things are able to reproduce T or F

T
The passing of traits from parents to offspring is called
heredity T or F

T
Homeostasis is the maintenance of constant internal
conditions in spite of changes in the enviroment T or F
F
Genetic engineers are trying to create crops that are less
resistance to insects and microorganisms T or F

F
Cystic Fibrosis is a growth disorder of cells that occurs when
cells divide uncontrollably within the body. T or F

F
A scientist who preforms an experiment has no idea what the
outcome of the experiment is going to be. T or F

F
The control and experimental groups are designed to be
identical T or F

T
A theory is a hypothesis that has been proven true. T or F

F
An element is made up of more than one kind of atom. T or F

T
An atom that gains or loses one more electrons is called an
ion. T or F

T
A covalent bonds forms between two atoms that share
electrons to form a molecule. T or F

T
Adhesion is an attraction between different substances T or F

T
The ability of water to retain heat helps maintain
homeostasis. T or F
T
Organic compounds contain carbon atoms that are convantly
bonded to other elements, typically hydrogen, oxygen, and
other carbon atoms. T or F

F
A nucleotide has four main parts. T or F

T
DNA stores heredity information that can be used to make
proteins. T or F

T
When cells break down, the energy from the food is
temporarily stored at ATP. T or F

T
The amount of energy needed to cause a chemical reaction to
start is called activation energy. T or F

T
Without enzymes, chemical reactions neccessary for life
would not occur at a rate to sustain life. T or F

T
Chemical reactions that occur in cells are called biological
reactions. T or F

T
Scientists always take measurements using the International
System of Measurements (SI). T or F

F
Resolution is a microscope's power to increase an objects
apparent size. T or F
T
The scanning tunneling microscope can be used to view
living organisms. T or F

T
As a cell get larger, it's surface area-to-volume ratio
decreases. T or F

T
Organelles enable eukaryotic cells to carry out specialized
functions. T or F

F
The cells of animal are prokaryotic. T or F

F
All living things that are not bacteria are eukaryotes.

F
Cells surface marker proteins face the inside of the cell. T or
F

T
A phospholipids is a lipid made of a phosphate group and
two fatty acids. T or F

T
Receptor proteins bind to signal molecules outside the cell. T
or F

T
DNA stores information that directs the activities of a cell. T
or F

T
Lysomes contain digestive enzymes that break down
proteins, nucleic acids, lipids, and carbohydrates. T or F

F
Ribosomes are the sites of ATP production. T or F

F
The only difference between a plant cell and an animal cell is
that plant cells have chloroplast. T or F

F
During diffusion, molecules diffuse from a region where their
concentration is low to a regoin where their concentration is
higher, until the particles are evenly dispersed. T or F

F
A cell placed in a strong salt solution would probably burst
because of osmosis. T or F

T
Water will diffuse out of a cell when the cell is placed in a
hypertonic solution. T or F

F
To pass through the cell membrane, water requires carrier
proteins. T or F

F
Diffusion through ion channels is a form of active transport.
T or F

T
In active transport, energy is required to move a substance
across a cell membrane. T or F

T
The sodium potassium pump requires energy to move ions
across the cell membrane. T or F

T
Exocytosis helps the cell rid itself of wastes.

T
Receptor proteins may cause the formation of of a second
messenger molecule inside a cell. T or F

T
All organsims require energy to carry out life process. T or F

F
Heterotrophic organisms use light energy to make organic
compounds. T or F

T
Autotrophs make their own organic molecules by using
energy form inorganic materials or sunlight. T or F.

T
ATP is the portable form of "energy currency" inside cells. T
or F

T
Photosynthesis is a process that takes place in autotrophs. T
or F

F
When light hits a plant, all wave lengths of light are absorbed
by the chlorophyll. T or F

T
During photosynthesis, when electrons are transferred from
one molecule to another, they are usually carried by
hydrogen ions and NADP+. T or F

F
The "light reactions" of photosynthesis can occur only under
light conditions, and the "dark reactions" can only occur
during the dark hours. T or F

F
The most common method of carbon dioxide fixation is the
electron transport train. T or F

F
Carbon dioxide production by yeast, which is used in the
rising of bread and the carbonation of drinks, take place
under aerobic conditions. T or F

F
Binary fission is a form of sexual reproduction in bacteria. T
or F

T
Genes on a chromosomes are the units of inheritance. T or F

F
Each human somatic cell contains two copies of each
chromosome for a total of 23 homologous chromosomes. T
or f

F
Gametes are diploid so that when fertilization occurs, the
resulting zygote will have the characteristic number of
chromosomes for that species. T or F

T
Down Syndrome occurs as a result of nondisjunction of
chromosomes 21 during cell division. T or F

F
A karyotype is a type of gene. T or F

T
After mitosis and cytokinesis, each new cell has a complete
set of the parent cells' chromosomes. T or F

F
Trisomy is the addition or removal of a single nitrogen-
containing base. T or F

T
Spindles move chromosomes during cell division. T or F

T
During telophase, a nuclear envelope usually surrounds each
new set of chromosomes. T or F

F
While paired together during the second division of meiosis,
two chromosomes may exchange segments of DNA. T or F

T
At the conclusion of crossing-over, genetic recombination
has occurred. T or F

F
Gametogenesis occurs only in males. T or F

F
Meiosis in female animals results in the same number of ova
as sperm that were produced be meiosis in males. T or F
F
The two cells produced during the first cytokinesis in female
animals are approximately equal in size and contain the
same amount of cytoplasm. T or F

T
Some organism look exactly like their parents. T or F

F
In asexual reproduction, two parents each pass copies of all
their cells to their offspring. T or F

F
In budding, new individuals develop from fragments of the
original individual. T or F

T
In most animals, including humans, meiosis produces sperm
and egg cells. T or F

T
Unlike a gamete, a spore gives rise to a multicellular
individual w/out joining w/another. T or F

T
Meiosis produces four nuclei that have different
chromosomes numbers from the parent cell. T or F

F
Random fertilization refers to the fact that gametes are
produced independently. T or F

T
Oogenesis occurs in females reproductive organs. T or F

T
Amoebas reproduce by fission. T or F

T
Genetic diversity is the raw material for evolution. T or F

T
Roses are example of plants that have a life cycle called
alternation of generations. T or F

F
Moss plants have haploid life cycles. T or F

T
Mendel discovered predictable patterns in the inheritance
traits. T or F

F
Garden peas are difficult to grow because the mature slowly.
T or F

F
When Mendel cross-pollinated two varieties from the P
generation that exhibited contrasting traits, he called
offspring the second filial or F2 generation. T or F

T
A dominant allele masks the effect of a reccessive allele. T or
F

F
Heterozygous individuals have two of the same alleles for a
particular gene. T or F

F
A Punnett square represents the phenotype of an organism. T
or F
T
Probability is the likelihood that a certain event will occur. T
or F

F
The expression of sex-linked genes is controlled by
hormones. T or F

T
An autosomal trait will occur with frequency in both males
and females. T or F

T
If the offspring of a test cross all have the dominant trait,
then the genotype of the individual being tested is
homozygous. T or F

F
Individuals must exhibit a trait in order for it to appear in
their offspring. T or F

T
In codominance, two dominant alleles are expressed at the
same time. T or F

F
All genes only have two alleles. T or F

T
The only way a mutation in a reccessive gene can show up in
a child born to two normal parents is for both parents to be
heterozygous. T or F

F
Hemophilia is caused by a mutated allele that produces a
defective form of the protein hemoglobin. T or F

T
Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder caused by a defective
chloride-ion transport protein. T or F

T
Genetic counselors often help people with a family history of
genetic disorders.

T
Mendel's initial experiments were monohybrid crosses. T or F