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{{about|a particular make of USA naval breathing set|oxygen breathing sets in general|

rebreather}}

[[File:USN Oba.jpg|thumb|300px|right]]

An '''Oxygen Breathing Apparatus''' ('''OBA''') is a [[rebreather]]. It is used primarily in


[[firefighting]]. Its [[oxygen]] is generated by [[Chemical oxygen generator|chemicals]] contained
in the green canister, which is inserted at the base of the breathing device.

<ref>{{cite web

| title = About the Oxygen Breathing Apparatus (OBA)

| work = Naval Sea Systems Command

| publisher = US Navy

| url = http://www.dcfp.navy.mil/equip/oba.htm

| accessdate = 2007-01-06 }}</ref> The canister uses [[potassium superoxide]] as both a


CO<sub>2</sub> scrubber and an O<sub>2</sub> generator. A [[sodium chlorate]] candle in the
base generates additional oxygen when first beginning use as the canister has to achieve a high
internal temperature before it will start generating oxygen on its own. It is the circulation of
exhaled air through the canister that starts the chemical process, usually taking less than 5
minutes, the normal burn time of the "candle" and the mask will initially fill with a light,
harmless smoke. The extreme heat of the chemical reaction requires the use of thick leather
gloves for handling spent canisters. The bags along either side of the chest unit cool the air
mixture before inhalation and is a surprisingly effective system, with the air being quite cool
when entering the face mask. There is a 60-minute timer at the top of the chest unit which,
during the fighting of a casualty, is set for only 45 minutes. This would give the user a 15-minute
window to evacuate to a safe atmosphere. Though it looks bulky and unwieldy it is a light and
comfortable device to wear and does not much interfere with the user's freedom of movement.

<ref>{{cite web

| title = About the Oxygen Breathing Apparatus (OBA) Canister

| work = Naval Sea Systems Command

| publisher = US Navy

| url = http://www.dcfp.navy.mil/equip/obacanister.htm

| accessdate = 2007-04-06 }}</ref>


As of early 2001, the [[United States Navy|US Navy]] has been replacing the OBA for firefighting
with the [[Self-contained breathing apparatus|SCBA]]. The SCBA is more cost-effective than the
OBA, and also does not produce hazardous waste, a problem with the chemical oxygen
generation system.

<ref>{{cite web

|title = SCBA Case Study

|work = Naval Sea Systems Command

|publisher = US Navy

|url = http://www.dcfp.navy.mil/library/dcnews/SCBACaseStudy.htm

|accessdate = 2007-04-06

|deadurl = yes

|archiveurl =
https://web.archive.org/web/20070217223420/http://www.dcfp.navy.mil/library/dcnews/SCBA
CaseStudy.htm

|archivedate = 2007-02-17

|df =

}}</ref>

==References==

<references/>

{{Portal|United States Navy}}

{{clear}}

[[Category:Equipment of the United States Navy]]

[[Category:Rebreathers]]

[[Category:Industrial breathing sets]]


{{USN-stub}}

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