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A natural disaster is a terrible accident, e.g. a E.

Only firemen can control fires in crowded cities


great flood , a big fire, or an earthquake. It usually causes The following text is for questions 4 to 7.
great suffering and loss of a large sum of money. The Tsunami
causalities are injured or died. Some people are homeless Tsunami occurs when major fault under the ocean
and need medical care floor suddenly slips(4). The displaced rock pushes water
Floods occur when the water of rivers, lakes, or above it like a giant paddle, producing powerful water
stream overflow their banks and pour out into the waves at the ocean surface. The ocean waves spread out
surrounding land. Floods are caused by many different from the vicinity of the earthquake source and move
things. Often heavy rainstorms that last for a brief time across the ocean until they reach the coastline, where
can cause a flood. But not all heavy storms are followed their height increases as they reach the continental shelf,
by flooding. If the surrounding land is fl at and can absorb the part of the earth crust that slopes, or rises, from the
the water, no flooding will occur. If, however, the land is ocean floor up to the land.
hard and rocky, heavy rain cannot be absorbed. Where A tsunami washes ashore with oftendisastrous
the banks are low, a river may overflow and flood effects such as severe flooding, loss of lives due to
adjacent lowland (1). drowning and damage to property(5).
In many parts of the world floods are caused by A tsunami is a very large sea wave that is
tropical storms called hurricanes or typhoons. They bring generated by a disturbance along the ocean floor. This
destructive winds of high speed, torrents of rain, and disturbance can be an earthquake, a landslide, or a
flooding. When a flood occurs, the destruction to the volcanic eruption. A tsunami is undetectable far out in the
surrounding land can be severe(2). Whole villages and ocean, but once it reaches shallow water, this fast
towns are sometimes swept away by water pouring traveling wave grows very large.
swiftly over the land. Railroad tracks and buckles are 4. Tsunami happens because ....
uprooted from their beds. Highways are washed away. A. The displaced rock pushes water above it
When a building caught fire, the firemen pitched B. A major fault under the ocean floor slips suddenly
in to help battle the blaze. Before the pumps were C. The ocean waves spread out from the vicinity of the
invented, people formed bucket brigades to fight fires(3). source
Standing side by side, they formed a human chain from D. The waves moves across the ocean until they reach
the fire to nearby well or river. They passed buckets of the beach
water from hand to hand to be poured on the flames. E. A tsunami is undetectable far out in the ocean
The damage of fire did depend a great deal on 5. What are the impacts of tsunami?
where it happened. In the country or a small village, only a A. The part of the Earth’s crust that slopes, or rises,
single house might burn down. But in crowded cities, fire from the ocean floor down to the land
often destroyed whole blocks and neighborhoods before B. A tsunami washes ashore with often disastrous
being controlled. effects such as flooding and loss of lives
1. What can possibly prevent rivers and lakes from C. A tsunami is a very large sea wave which is not
overflowing? generated by a disturbance a long the ocean floor
A. An absorbent bed D. A high bank D. A tsunami is detectable far out in the ocean
B. A rocky surrounding E. A high road E. Once tsunami reaches shallow water, the wave never
C. A low land grows very large
2. We know from the text that .... 6. We understand from the text that tsunami ....
A. River can sweep heavy flood A. Causes the movement of earth
B. People can make money from flood B. Forms a new shape of coastline
C. The destruction by flood is always less severe C. Makes unfortunate event
D. Water flood is absorbed by land directly D. Rises a new coastal land
E. Typhoons caused heavy flood E. Displaces rocks to land
3. We know from the text that .... 7. “... producing powerful water waves at the ocean
A. The pump is the only tool used by fire fighters now surface.” The synonym of the underlined word is....
B. The pump helps people to fight fires more efficiently A. Fast D. Strong
C. Fires in big cities are always very big B. Deep E. Weak
D. People no longer use buckets to control fire C. Quick
The following text is for questions 8 to 11. The following text is for question 12 to 14.
All human beings eat food and make use of the A flood is an overflow of an expanse of water that
chemical energy in it, so do all other animals. Perhaps you submerges land. In the sense of “ flowing water”, the
wonder where all that chemical energy comes from. Why world may also be applied to inflow of the tide. Flooding
doesn’t the food all get used up? may result from the volume of water within a body of
The answer is that new food is being grown as fast water, such as a river or lake , which overflows or break
as old food is used to. It is the green plants that form the levees, with the result that some of the water escapes its
new food. Animals either eat the plants or eat other unusual boundaries.
animals that have eaten plants. While the size of a lake or other body of water will
The green substance of plants is chlorophyll. vary with seasonal changes in precipitation and show
Chlorophyll can absorb sunlight. When it does so, it melt, it is not a significant flood unless such escapes of
changes the energy of the sun into chemical energy(9). water endanger land areas used by man like a village, city
The chemical energy present in sunlit chlorophyll is used or other inhabited area.
to combine dioxide in the air with water from the soil. Floods can also occur in rivers, when flow exceeds
Starch and other complicated compounds are formed. the capacity of the river channel, particularly at bends or
These are high in chemical energy obtained from the meanders. Flood often cause damage to homes and
sunlit chlorophyll. businesses if they are placed in natural flood plains of
They make up the food on which mankind and all rivers. While flood damage van be virtually eliminated by
other animals live. In the process of forming this food, moving away from and other bodies of water, since time
some oxygen atoms are left over. These are given off into out of mind, people have lived and worked by the water
the air by the plants. The whole process is called to seek the sustenance and capitalize on the gains of
photosynthesis. cheap and easy travel and commerce by being near water.
Thus, plants use sunlight to from food and oxygen That humans continue to inhabit areas threatened by
to from carbon dioxide and water again. Plants change the flood damage is evidence that the perceived value of
sun’s energy into chemical energy. And animals change living near the water exceeds the cost of repeated
the animal energy into kinetic and heat energy. periodic flooding.
8. The text is about .... 12. What is the main idea of the third paragraph?
A. The process of changing chemical energy A. People do not live by the river for some reasons
B. The formation of carbon dioxide B. Floods can be found at every bend and meander of a
C. The green substance of plants river
D. The process of photosynthesis C. It is wise for people to leave the flood areas for the
E. The use of chemical energy safety reason
9. What will happen when the chlorophyll absorbs D. Floods happen when rivers fl ow over their capacity
sunlight? It will .... of waterway
A. Change heat into kinetic energy E. People prefer abandon the areas near the river
B. Form complicated compound because of the threat of floods
C. Make use of heat energy 13. “……..,it is not significant flood unless such escapes of
D. Change kinetic energy into chemical energy water endanger land areas used by man…..” (paragraph 2)
E. Change the sun’s energy into chemical energy The underline word is closest in meaning to….
10. From the text we know that .... A. Ordinary C. Sufficient E. Expensive
A. Plant need to heat energy to live B. Intensive D. Important
B. All human beings need chemical energy A tsunami is a series of ocean waves that sends
C. Plants absorb sunlight to produce kinetic energy surges of water, sometimes reaching heights of over 100
D. Chlorophyll is the most important thing in feet (30.5 meters), onto land. These walls of water can
photosynthesis cause widespread destruction when they crash ashore.
E. Sun’s energy cannot be formed into kinetic energy These awe-inspiring waves are typically caused by
11. The green substance of plants is chlorophyll. The large, undersea earthquakes at tectonic plate boundaries.
underlined word in the above is closest in meaning to ... When the ocean floor at a plate boundary rises or falls
A. Core C. Stuff E. Material suddenly, it displaces the water above it and launches the
B. Body D. Essence rolling waves that will become a tsunami.
Most tsunami, about 80 percent, happen within D. They have a vacuum effect
the Pacific Ocean's "Ring of Fire," a geologically active E. They occur suddenly
area where tectonic shifts make volcanoes and 17. "Some tsunami do not appear on shore as massive
earthquakes common. breaking waves but instead resemble a quickly surging
Tsunamis may also be caused by underwater tide that inundates coastal areas." (Paragraph 8) The
landslides or volcanic eruptions. They may even be underlined word is closest in meaning to ...
launched, as they frequently were in Earth's ancient past, A. Floods D. Attacks
by the impact of a large meteorite plunging into an ocean. B. Covers E. Submerges
Tsunamis race across the sea at up to 500 miles C. Fills
(805 kilometers) an hour — about as fast as a jet airplane. 18. Somebody cleans the room every day.
At that pace they can cross the entire expanse of the Passive voice is:
Pacific Ocean in less than a day. And their long (A) The room was clean by somebody every day.
wavelengths mean they lose very little energy along the (B) The room is cleaned by somebody every day.
way. (C) The room is clean by somebody every day.
A tsunami's trough, the low point beneath the (D) Somebody is cleaned the room every day.
wave's crest, often reaches shore first. When it does, it 19.Sam has taken an English course.
produces a vacuum effect that sucks coastal water Passive voice is:
seaward and exposes harbor and sea floors. This (A) Sam has been taken an English course.
retreating of sea water is an important warning sign of a (B) An English course taken by Sam.
tsunami, because the wave's crest and its enormous (C) An English course has been taken by Sam.
volume of water typically hit shore five minutes or so (D) English courses have taken by Sam.
later. Recognizing this phenomenon can save lives. 20.The students are using the computers now.
A tsunami is usually composed of a series waves, Passive voice is:
called a wave train, so its destructive force may be (A) The computers are being used by the students
compounded as successive waves reach shore. People now.
experiencing a tsunami should remember that the danger (B) The computers are used by them now.
may not have passed with the first wave and should await (C) The computers were used by them now.
official word that it is safe to return to vulnerable (D) The computers is being used by them now.
locations. 21. My father fixed the car yesterday.
Some tsunamis do not appear on shore as massive Passive voice is:
breaking waves but instead resemble a quickly surging (A) My father was fixed the car yesterday.
tide that inundates coastal areas. (B) My father was being fixed the car yesterday.
14. Why did the author write the report? (C) The car was fix by my father yesterday.
A. To raise people' awareness about tsunami. (D) The car was fixed by my father yesterday.
B. To warn people about an upcoming tsunami. 22.The editor edits the article.
C. To inform people about past tsunamis. The passive form of the above sentence is "The
D. To inform people about the different types of article ..... by the editor
tsunami. A. edits D. is being edited
E. To warn people about the dangers of tsunami. B. edited E. is edited
15. Tsunamis are usually the result of ... C. be editing
A. The sudden rise or fall of ocean floors 23. They are building a new ring road round the city.
B. Pacific Oceans "Ring of Fire" The passive form of the above sentence is "A new
C. The awe-inspiring waves ring road ......"
D. Volcanoes A. is built D. was building
E. Landslides B. builds E. is being built
16. From the text, we know that Tsunami can be very C. be building
destructive because ... 24. 'Last night a thief broke into my brother's house'
A. They come after earthquakes 'Really? What ......from the house?
B. They are caused by volcanic eruptions A. the took C. was being taken
C. They are tall, fast, forceful and repetitive B. was to take D. was taking E. was taken
Down In the Valley a.1st verse d.4th verse
(Folk song from America) b.2nd verse e.5th verse
Down in the valley, the valley so low c.3rd verse
Hang your head over, hear the wind blow 29.Which verse is talking about the writer’s demand
Hear the wind blow, dear, hear the wind blow; to write him a letter ?
Hang your head over, hear the wind blow. a.1st verse d.5th verse
nd
b.2 verse e.6th verse
If you don't love me, love whom you please, c.4rd verse
Throw your arms round me, give my heart ease, 30.“Roses love sunshine, violets love dew” (9th line).
Give my heart ease, dear, give my heart ease, What is the synonym of the bolded word ?
Throw your arms round me, give my heart ease a.Haze d.Liquid
b.Rain e.Vapor
Roses love sunshine, violets love dew, c.Water
Angels in Heaven know I love you, 31.“Write me a letter, send it by mail“ (the last verse)
Know I love you, dear, know I love you, What does the bolded word refer to?
Angels in Heaven know I love you. a.The letter d.The song
b.The castle e.The Roses
If you don't love me, love whom you please, c.Brimingham Jail
Throw your arms round me, give my heart ease, 32.From the lyric of the song, where would be the
Give my heart ease, dear, give my heart ease, writer song in ? The writer song would be in ....
Throw your arms round me, give my heart ease a.a castle d.a village
b.a jail (Brimingham Jail) e.a house
Build me a castle, forty feet high; c.a valley
So I can see her as she rides by, 33.What is the 3rdverse of song mostly talking
As she rides by,dear, as she rides by, about?
So I can see her as she rides by. a.about the condition and the situation arround
the valley
Write me a letter, send it by mail; b.about someone that was falling in love
Send it in care of the Birmingham jail, c.a request to make a castle
Birmingham jail, dear, Birmingham jail, d.about the writer’s demand to send him a letter
Send it in care of the Birmingham jail. e.about the Brimingham jail

The Questions of Text


25.“Down in the valley, the valley so low”
The bolded words are similar with ....
a. hill d.canyon
b. dale e.cave
c. mountain
26.“Give my heart ease, dear, give my heart ease”
(7th line)
The bolded words can be replaced with , EXCEPT
a. relieve d.simplify
b. lighten e.alleviate
c. burden
27.What is the 2nd verse mostly talking about ?
a. about the condition and the situation arround
the valley
b. about the writer’s demand to send him a letter
c. about the Brimingham jail
d. about someone that was falling in love
e. a request to make a castle
28.Which verse is talking about the situation and
condition in the valley ?