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# MATHEMATICS CHALLENGE FOR YOUNG

AUSTRALIANS
INTERMEDIATE: YEARS 9 and 10
WARM UP PROBLEM 01: SOLUTIONS

Love Potion

## 1. Represent quantities diagrammatically as if they are un-

mixed:

Honey 50 mL Honey
Extra Indian Ink

## Indian Ink Indian Ink

160 mL

Turpentine Turpentine
140 mL

## Required Mix Mix with extra

Indian Ink
Fig. 1 Fig. 2
MCYA Intermediate 1 Solution Page 2

Honey Honey

## Indian Ink Honey poured back

Indian Ink in to make 50 mL
as in Fig 1.
160 mL

## Turpentine Turpentine Turpentine poured

back in to make
140 mL as in Fig 1

Fig. 3 Fig. 4
Pour out proportional
amounts (allowing
for mixing) so that
160 mL of Indian Ink
remains

## From Fig. 4, the honey and turpentine mix poured back

in is in the ratio 210:140 or 3:2.

## 2. If 70 mL of the initial mixture goes down the sink,

then 70 mL is replaced, being a honey and turpentine
mixture in the ratio 3:2. So 35 (70) = 42 mL is honey and
the remaining 28 mL is turpentine. It follows that 28
mL of turpentine was wasted initially and the remain-
ing 42 mL that went down the sink was a mixture of
Indian ink and honey.
Refer to Figs. 3 and 4 from 1. again.
After Griselda has poured some of the mixture down the
sink, let x mL be the amount of honey remaining, y mL
be the amount of honey wasted and z mL be the amount
of Indian ink wasted.
MCYA Intermediate 1 Solution Page 3
From above, we have y + z = 42. Also, x + y + z is
equal to the amount of honey present after replacement,
so x + y + z = 50. Thus x = 8.
Quantities were poured out proportionally when the po-
tion was mixed. So we have:
z 160 160
= = = 20,
y x 8
so z = 20y.
Also, y + z = 42 so z = 42 − y. Thus, 42 − y = 20y,
giving 21y = 42 and so y = 2.
Then z = 40.
Thus, 2 mL of honey, 40 mL of Indian ink and 28 mL of
turpentine were wasted.

2005
c Australian Mathematics Trust