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ENGINEERING UNITS CONVERTOR - READ ME

Overview
This spreadsheet provides conversions for commonly used engineering units.
The data table and lookup formulae are the same as used in all my engineering spreadsheet tools

Liability
No warrantees are made with respect to the accuracy or applicability of the calculations in this spreadshee
The onous is on the user to verfiy that any results obtained are correct and appropriate for the work being

Copyright
This spreadsheet is the intellectual property of the author, Andrew Hooks.
You are free to use it and distribute it however, you may not make it available for download from any webs
without prior written consent and you must not remove or obscure any notices regarding authorship. (Basi
don't steal or take credit for my work). Thanks.

Contact
email: feedback@firstprincipleseng.net
for other tools visit: www.firstprincipleseng.net
ering spreadsheet tools

e calculations in this spreadsheet.


d appropriate for the work being carrying out.

ble for download from any website


ces regarding authorship. (Basically
UNIT CONVERSION

Input 2000 bbl/MMscf 11241.34 m3/Mm3


Output 2000 bbl/MMscf 2000 bbl/MMscf

Unit Type Input unit

Output unit
Selection
Selected Type ID 4
Selected Type Lookup Ref unitCGR
Two param equation? 0

Input unit ID 9
Input unit ID (min applied) 2

Output unit ID 6
Output unit ID (min applied) 2

Long Nam Lookup Name


AcceleratiounitAcceleration
Area - larg unitAreaLarge
Area - smalunitAreaSmall
CGR unitCGR
Density unitDensity
Energy unitEnergy
Energy rat unitEnergyRate
Force unitForce
GLR unitGLR
GOR unitGOR
Heat capacunitHeatCapacity
Heating va unitHeatingValMass
Heating va unitHeatingValVol
Heat transf unitHeatTransfCoeff
Length unitLength
LGR unitLGR
Mass unitMass
Mass rate unitMassRate
Power unitPower
Pressure unitPressure
Pressure deunitPressureDelta
Specific he unitSpecHeatCap
Surface te unitSurfTension
TemperaturunitTemperature
Thermal con unitThermalConductivity
Time - larg unitTimeLarge
Time - smalunitTimeSmall
Velocity unitVelocity
Viscosity - unitViscosityDyn
Viscosity - unitViscosityKin
Volume rat unitVolRate
Volume rateunitVolRateAct
Volume rateunitVolRateLiq
Volume unitVolume
CONSTANTS & UNIT LOOKUP TABLES

DETAILS
Andrew Hooks www.firstprincipleseng.net
11/15/2007
Version 1

PREFIXES
Metric
Prefix long form value
m milli 0.001
c centi 0.01
k thousand 1000
M million/mega 1E+06
B billion 1E+09
T tera 1E+12
P peta 1E+15

Imperial
Prefix long form value
M thousand 1000
MM million 1E+06

BASIC CONSTANTS

Gas constant, R 8.31451 kPa.m3/(kmol.K)


Grav. accel. 9.80665 m/s2
MW (air) 28.964 kg/kmol

Standard T, P 15oC, 1atm 2


Std Pressure 101.325 kPa
Std Temperature 288.15 K
Molar Volume 23.645 m3/kgmol

Common definitions for Standard T, P

Temp Abs Pres Molar Vol


K kPa m3/kgmol
0oC, 1atm 273.15 101.325 22.414 (273.15K = 0'C
15oC, 1atm 288.15 101.325 23.645 (288.15K = 15'C
60oF, 1atm 288.71 101.325 23.691 (288.71K = 60'F
0oC, 100kPa 273.15 100 22.711
15oC, 100kPa 288.15 100 23.958
60oF, 14.73psia 288.71 101.560 23.636 (100.232kPa =

UNITS
Example
Click the unit cell then select required unit from the dropdown list
that appears

Length 10 in
0.254 m
0.000 mile

Temperature 15 'C
288.15 K
15 'C

Length
Base conversions
inches/foot 12 in/ft
feet/metre 3.281 ft/m
feet/mile 5280 ft/mi

Lookup table
Unit SI unit
mm = 0.001 m
cm = 0.01 m
m = 1 m
km = 1000 m
in = 0.0254 m
ft = 0.3048 m
mile = 1609.3 m

Area_small
Lookup table
Unit SI unit
mm2 = 0.000001 m2
in2 = 0.000645 m2
m2 = 1 m2
ft2 = 0.0929 m2

Area_large
Base conversions
hectare/km2 100 hct/km2 1 hectare is 100m x 100m
ft2/acre 43559.66 ft2/acre

Lookup table
Unit Metric Unit
km2 = 1 km2
mi2 = 0.6214 km2
hectare = 0.01 km2
acre = 0.0040468 km2

Volume
Base conversions
barrels/cubic meter 6.283 bbl/m3
in3/US gallon 231 in3/gallon
Litres/Imperial(UK) gallon 4.54609 L/gallon(UK)

Lookup table
Unit SI unit
mL = 0.000001 m3
cm3 = 0.000001 m3
L = 0.001 m3
m3 = 1 m3
in3 = 1.639E-05 m3
ft3 = 0.0283 m3 (35.31 ft3/m3)
bbl = 0.1592 m3
gallon (US) = 0.00379 m3 (264.2 gallon/m3)
gallon (UK) = 0.00455 m3 (220 gallon/m3)

Mass
Base conversions
pounds/kilogram 2.20462 lbl/kg
pound/ton (short) 2000 lbl/tn
pound/ton (long) 2240 lbl/ton

Lookup table
Unit SI unit
mg = 0.000001 kg
g = 0.001 kg
kg = 1 kg
tonne (metric) = 1000 kg
lbl = 0.454 kg
ton (short) = 907.2 kg
ton (long) = 1016.0 kg

Force
Base conversions
Force = mass * acceleration
Dyn 1.00E-05 N

Lookup table
Unit SI unit
N = 1 N
mN = 0.001 N
kg(f) = 9.80665 N 1kg * gravitational acceleration
lbl(f) = 4.44823 N
Dyn = 0.00001 N

Pressure
Base conversions
Pressure is force per unit area
Pa = N/m2 = kg.(m/s2)/m2 = kg/(m.s2)
kPa/Atmosphere 101.325 kPa(A)/atm(A) Atmospheric pressure at sealevel in
kPa/bar 100 kPa/bar
bara/Atmosphere 1.01325 bara/atm The atmospheric pressure in bar at
barg/Atmosphere 0 barg/atm
psia/Atmosphere 14.696 psia/atm(A) The atmospheric pressure in psi at
psi/bar 14.504 psi/bar

Lookup table
!!! Order is important - multiply first then add the constant !!!

Unit Multiplier Constant SI unit


Pa(A) 0.001 0 kPa(A)
kPa(A) 1 0 kPa(A)
kPa(G) 1 101.325 kPa(A)
X barg = X barg + atm P = Y bara;
MPa(A) 1000 0 kPa(A)
1 bar = 100kPa --> X barg = [100
MPa(G) 1000 101.325 kPa(A) X bara = (X - 1.013)barg * 100kPa/
bara 100 0 kPa(A)
barg 100 101.325 kPa(A) Converting to psia first would give
psia 6.895 0 kPa(A) [X psig + (14.5*1.013=14.7)] psia *
psig 6.895 101.325 kPa(A) or
atm(A) 101.325 0 kPa(A) X psig * (100/14.5=6.895) kPa(G) +
atm(G) 101.325 101.325 kPa(A)
kg/cm2(A) 98.0665 0 kPa(A) [kg/cm2 * (100cm/m)

Pressure difference
Lookup table
Unit SI unit
Pa = 0.001 kPa
kPa = 1 kPa
mbar = 0.100 kPa
bar = 100 kPa
psi = 14.504 kPa
atm = 101.325 kPa
kg/cm2 = 98.0665 kPa
mH2O = 9.80665 kPa

Temperature
Base conversions
Constant
Deg Celcius / Kelvin 273.15 oC/K
Fahrenheit 459.67 Rankine
Rankine/Kelvin 1.8 0 R/K

Lookup table
!!! Order is important - multiply first then add the constant !!!

Unit Multiplier Constant SI unit


'C 1 273.15 K
K 1 0 K
'F 0.556 255 K
R 0.556 0 K
Time_small
Lookup table
Unit SI unit
ms = 0.001 s
s = 1 s
min = 60 s
hour = 3600 s
day = 86400 s

Time_large
Lookup table
Unit "SI Unit"
hour = 0.0417 day
day = 1 day
month = 30.4 day
year = 365.25 day

Volume rate - Gas (standard conditions)


Lookup table
Select standard T, P from the in-cell drop down list

Unit Std T, P Multiplier "SI Unit"


sm3/s 15oC, 1atm 1 sm3/s
Nm3/h 0oC, 100kPa 0.000267 sm3/s
Mm3/d 15oC, 1atm 11.574 sm3/s
Mscf/d 60oF, 1atm 0.000328 sm3/s
MMscf/d 60oF, 1atm 0.328 sm3/s
Bscf/y 60oF, 1atm 0.900 sm3/s
kgmol/h 0.00657 sm3/s
lbmol/h 0.00298 sm3/s

Volume rate - Gas (actual conditions)


Lookup table
Unit "SI Unit"
am3/s = 1 am3/s
am3/h = 0.000278 am3/s
Mm /d
3
= 11.574 am3/s
Mcf/d = 0.000328 am3/s
MMcf/d = 0.328 am3/s

Volume rate - Liquid


Lookup table
Unit "SI Unit"
L/s = 1000 m3/s
L/min = 16.67 m3/s
L/h = 0.278 m3/s
L/d = 0.01157 m3/s
m3/s = 1 m3/s
m3/h = 0.002738 m3/s
m3/d = 1.15741E-05 m3/s
bbl/d = 1.842E-06 m3/s
k.bbl/d = 0.001842125 m3/s
gph (US) = 1.0515E-06 m3/s gallons/hour
gpd (US) = 4.38126E-08 m3/s
gph (UK) = 1.2628E-06 m3/s
gpd (UK) = 5.26168E-08 m3/s

Liquid - Gas Ratio


Lookup table
Unit "SI unit"
m3/Mm3 = 1 m3/Mm3
bbl/MMscf = 5.6207 m3/Mm3

Gas - Liquid Ratio


Lookup table
Unit "SI unit"
m3/m3 = 1 m3/m3
scf/bbl = 0.178 m3/m3

Mass rate
Lookup table
Unit SI unit
kg/s = 1 kg/s
kg/h = 0.000278 kg/s
t/d = 0.011574 kg/s
t/y = 3.17E-05 kg/s
lbl/s = 0.454 kg/s
lbl/h = 5.25E-06 kg/s

Velocity
Lookup table
Unit SI unit
m/s = 1 m/s
km/h = 0.278 m/s
ft/s = 0.3048 m/s
mi/h = 0.4470 m/s

Acceleration
Lookup table
Unit SI unit
mm/s2 = 0.001 m/s2
m/s2 = 1 m/s2
km/s2 = 1000 m/s2
in/s2 = 0.025 m/s2
ft/s2 = 0.305 m/s2
mi/(h.s) = 0.447 m/s2
mi/s2 = 1609 m/s2

Density
Lookup table
Unit SI unit
g/cm3 = 1.00E-09 kg/m3
kg/m3 = 1 kg/m3
lbl/ft3 = 16.018 kg/m3

Energy
Base conversions
Joules/(kgm2/s2) 1 J/(kgm2/s2)
Joules/Calorie 4.1868 J/Cal
Joules/BTU 1055.056 J/BTU

Lookup table
Unit SI unit
J = 0.001 kJ
kJ = 1 kJ
Cal = 0.0041868 kJ
kCal = 4.1868 kJ
BTU = 1.055056 kJ

Energy rate
Lookup table
Unit "SI unit"
TJ/d = 1 TJ/d
PJ/y = 1000 TJ/d

Power
Base conversions
(BTU/h) / kW 3412.1 (BTU/h)/kW

Lookup table
Unit SI unit
W = 0.001 kW
kW = 1 kW
MW = 1000 kW
Hp = 0.746 kW
BTU/h = 0.00029 kW

Heating value (volume basis)


Lookup table
Unit "SI unit"
MJ/m3 = 1 MJ/m3
MJ/kgmol = 0.042292 MJ/m3
MJ/scf = 35.315 MJ/m3
BTU/m3 = 0.001055 MJ/m3
BTU/scf = 0.037259 MJ/m3
BTU/lbmol = 0.000098 MJ/m3
kcal/lbmol = 0.000390 MJ/m3

Heating value (mass basis)


Lookup table
Unit "SI unit"
MJ/kg = 1 MJ/kg
BTU/kg = 0.00106 MJ/kg
BTU/lb = 0.00233 MJ/kg
kcal/lb = 0.00923 MJ/kg
kcal/kg = 0.00419 MJ/kg

Heat capacity
Lookup table
Unit "SI unit"
J/K = 1 J/K
BTU/'F = 1899 J/K
cal/'C = 4.187 J/K

Specific heat capacity


Lookup table
Unit "SI unit"
J/(kg.K) = 1 J/(kg.K)
J/(g.K) = 1000 J/(kg.K)
BTU/(lb'F) = 4187 J/(kg.K)
cal/(g'C) = 4187 J/(kg.K)

Thermal conductivity
Lookup table
Unit "SI unit"
W/(m.K) = 1 W/(m.K)
BTU/(h.ft'F) = 1.731 W/(m.K)
BTU.in/(h.ft2'F) = 0.144 W/(m.K)
cal/(sm'C) = 4.187 W/(m.K)

Heat transfer coefficient


Lookup table
Unit "SI unit"
W/(m2K) = 1 W/(m2K)
BTU/(h.ft2'F) = 5.678 W/(m2K)
cal/(s.cm2K) = 4.19E-04 W/(m2K)
kcal/(h.m2K) = 1.163 W/(m2K)

Dynamic (Absolute) Viscosity


Base conversions
Pa.s = 1 kg/m/s
Poise = 1 g/cm/s (Water has viscosity of ca. 1cP at 2

Lookup table
Unit "SI unit"
cP = 0.001 Pa.s
Poise = 0.1 Pa.s
Pa.s = 1 Pa.s

Kinematic Viscosity Kinematic viscosity = Dynamic visc


Base conversions
Stoke = 1 cm2/s

Lookup table
Unit "SI unit"
m2/s = 1 m2/s
St = 0.0001 m2/s
cSt = 0.000001 m2/s

Surface tension
Lookup table
Unit "SI unit"
T = 1 N/m
N/m = 1 N/m
mN/m = 0.001 N/m
lbl(f)/in = 175.13 N/m
dyn/cm = 0.001 N/m
73.15K = 0'C = 32'F; 101.325kPa = 1atm = 14.696psia)
88.15K = 15'C = 59'F)
88.71K = 60'F = 15.56'C)

00.232kPa = 14.73psia)
hectare is 100m x 100m
64.2 gallon/m3)
20 gallon/m3)

g * gravitational acceleration
mospheric pressure at sealevel in kPa

e atmospheric pressure in bar at sealevel is 1.01325 bar

e atmospheric pressure in psi at sealevel is 14.696 psi

barg = X barg + atm P = Y bara; eg. 1barg + 1.013 = 2.013bara


bar = 100kPa --> X barg = [100*(X barg + 1.013bar/atm)] kPa(A), or = [100*X + 101.325] kPa(A)
bara = (X - 1.013)barg * 100kPa/bar + 101.3kPa/atm = X*100kPa(A)

onverting to psia first would give the same result, ie.the following are equivalent:
psig + (14.5*1.013=14.7)] psia * (1kPa / 14.5psi) = kPa(A)

psig * (100/14.5=6.895) kPa(G) + 101.3 kPa/atm = kPa(A)

g/cm2 * (100cm/m)2] * (grav accel) = N/m2 = kg * (grav accel) /m2


ater has viscosity of ca. 1cP at 20'C (1.002))

nematic viscosity = Dynamic viscosity / Density for a Newtonian fluid