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KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA
ROYAL COMMISSION FOR JUBAIL & YANBU
ROYAL COMMISSION IN JUBAIL
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CONTRACT NO. 097-C78

P8tC OF DISTRICT COOLI NG PLANT IN COM MUNITY AREA

) SECTION 09960-1

PROJECT SPEC IFIC SPECIFICATION FOR

HIGH PERFO RMANCE COATINGS

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E A r-2016 IFB Submission
Rev. Date Revision s
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In tJ.Scd:Hion with l
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KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA
ROYAL COMMISSION FOR JUBAIL &YANBU
ROYAL COMMISSION IN JUBAIL

CONTRACT No. 097-C78

SPECIFICATION

FOR

HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

SECTION 09960-1
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\ REVISION.E

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SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

TABLE OF CO NT ENTS

Item No Title Page No

PART 1 GENERAL .................................................... .. ..................................................... 1

1.01 DESCRIPTION OF WORK .................................................................................. 1

1.02 SECTION INCLUDES ........................... ............................................................... 2

1.03 RELATED SECTIONS ................................................................................ ......... 2

1.04 REFERENCES .................................................................................................. .. 3

1.05 DEFINITIONS .................................................................................................... 11

1.06 SUBMITTALS .................................................................................................... 13

1.07 QUALITY CONTROL ......................................................................................... 15

1.08 HEALTH AND SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS ...................................... .. .. ......... 17

1.09 DESIGN CRITERIA ................................................................................ .. ......... 18

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1.10 JOB CONDITIONS .................................... .. ...................................................... 18 l
1.11 DELIVERY, HANDLING AND STORAGE ......................................................... 20
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PART2 PROD UCTS ....................................................................................................... 22

2.01 GENERAL ............................................................................................ .. .. .......... 22 l


2.02 ACCEPTABLE MANUFACTURERS .. ................. ......................................... ..... 24

2.03 COLORS AND FINISHES ................................................................................. 24


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2.04 COATING SYSTEMS/SELECTION GUIDE ................. ........................... .......... 25
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PART 3 EXECUTION ...................................................................................................... 31

3.01 GENERAL .. ....... ................................................................................................. 31


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3.02 BANDS, LETTERING SCHEDULE AND COLOR FOR EXTERIOR
COATING ................................................. .. ....................................................... 31

3.03 SURFACE PREPARAT ION .. ............................................................................. 32

3.04 APPLICATION OF COATINGS ......................................................................... 36


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3.05 FIELD QUALITY CONTROL. ................................................................... ...... .... 41
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Rev.E Contract No. 097-C78
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SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

I TABLE OF CONTENTS (Contd.}

Item No Page No
[ 3.06 REMEDIAL INORI< ............................................................................................ 43

3.07 PROTECTION ................................................................................................... 44


I 3.08 CLEAN-UP ........ ................................................................................................. 44

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Rev.E ii Contract No. 097-C78


SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

PART 1 -GENERAL
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1.01 DESCRIPTION OF WORK

A. The extent of painting and coating work is shown on the Contract Drawings and
Schedules, and as herein specified.

B. This Specification covers the total removal of existing paint and coating, surface
preparation, supply and application of materials, and inspection requirements for
painting and/or coating the interior and exterior surfaces of steel and concrete
structures, tanks, pipes etc. for high-performance coating.

C. Painting and Coating Work Included

1. Surface preparation of new work, including priming and coats of paint specified
in addition to shop priming required under other Sections of the specifications.

2. Surface preparation of existing work, including priming and coats of paint


specified in this Section.

3. Field painting and coating of all bare and covered tanks, pipes etc. including
color coding specified under the applicable Division 15 Sections and of
hangers, exposed steel and iron work, and primed metal surfaces of
equipment installed under the mechanical and electrical work, except as
otherwise indicated.

4. Where unfinished items or surfaces are not specifically mentioned, these shall
be painted the same as adjacent similar materials or areas.
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5. In general, the surfaces to be field coated shall consist of, but not be limited to l
exterior steel and iron surfaces.

6. Shop Primed Work {


a) Final field painting or touch-up of manufacturer's shop prim ed or shop
painted work shall not be done until operational testing has been
completed and certified. l
D. Painting and Coating Work not Included

1. The following categories of work do not require painting or coating and are not .
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included as part of the field-applied finish work, or included in other Sections of
these Specifications:

a) Shop Priming
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1) Unless otherwise specified, shop priming of new ferrous metal
items are included under the various sections for structural steel,
miscellaneous metal, hollow metal work, and similar items.

b) Pre-Finished Items
1) Unless otherwise indicated, do not include painting when factory-
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) finish or installer-finishing is specified for such new items as:
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Rev.E 09960-1-1 Contract No. 097-C78
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SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

(a) Stainless steel, aluminum, copper, lead, chromed steel,


brass or bronze, and other finish metal items.
(b) Architectural aluminum.
(c) Insulated surfaces.
(d) Surfaces of steel members with concrete cast against them
or steel members which will be fully embedded in concrete.

c) Concealed Surfaces
1) Unless otherwise indicated, painting is not required on wall or
ceiling surfaces in concealed areas and generally inaccessible
areas, such as foundation spaces, furred areas, spaces above
suspended ceilings, utility tunnels, pipe spaces, duct shafts, and
II elevator hoist ways, as applicable to this Project. Painting of
piping, equipment, and other such items within these areas is
required.

d) Operating Parts and Labels


1) Moving parts of operating units, mechanical and electrical parts,
such as valve and damper operators, linkages, sensing devices,
motors and fan shafts will not require finish painting unless
otherwise indicated.
2) Do not paint over any code-required labels, such as Underwriters'
rl Laboratories and Factory Mutual, or any equipment identification,
performance rating, name, or nomenclature plates where such
) painting shall obscure legibility of such labels.
SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

E. Section 01650 Product Delivery Requirements


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F. Section 01660 Product Storage and Handling Requirements

G. Section 03310 Structural Concrete

H. Section 05120 Structural Steel

I. Section 07925 Joint Sealants

J. Section 09910 Paints

K. Section 09970 Coatings for Steel


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L. Section 09980 Coatings for Concrete and Masonry
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1.04 REFERENCES

A. The referred codes and standards are intended to provide an acceptable level of
quality for materials and products . In case of conflict between these stand ards and
the text of this Specification, the Specific ation text shall govern.

B. The latest revision of the referred codes and standards shall be used wherever
applicable. In case of conflict, the Contractor shall propose equipment conforming to
one group of codes and standards.

) c. RCBC Royal Comm ission Building Codes

D. AC I American Concrete Institute

1. ACI308 Standard Practice for Curing Concrete

2. ACI503R Use of Epoxy Compounds with Concrete

E. ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials

1. ASTM A780 Standard Practice for Repair of Damaged and


Uncoated Areas of Hot-Dip Galvanized Coatings

2. ASTM C672M Standard Test Method for Scaling Resistance of


Concrete Surfaces Exposed to Deicing Chemicals

3. ASTM C81 1 Standard Practice for Surface Preparation of


Concrete for Application of Chemical-Resistant Resin
Monolithic Surfacings

4. ASTM 011 7 Standard Guide for Sampling, Test Methods, and


Specifications for Electrical Insulating Oils of
Petroleum Origin
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5. ASTM 0512 Standard Test Methods for Chloride lon in Water
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Rev.E 09960-1-3 Contract No. 097-C78
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SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS
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7.
ASTM 0516

ASTM 0522
Standard Test Method for Sulfate lcin in 'IVater

Standard Test Methods for Mandrel Bend Test of


[' Attached Organic Coatings

8. ASTM 0570 Standard Test Method for Water Absorption of


Plastics

I 9. ASTM 0609 Standard Practice for Preparation of Cold-Rolled


Steel Panels for Testing Paint, Varnish, Conversion
Coatings, and Related Coating Products
r 10. ASTM 0740 Standard Specification for Methyl Ethyl Ketone

11. ASTM 0823 Standard Practices for Producing Films of Uniform


Thickness of Paint, Varnish, and Related Products
on Test Panels

12. ASTM 01002 Standard Test Method for Apparent Shear Strength
of Single-Lap-Joint Adhesively Bonded Metal
Specimens by Tension Loading (Metal-to-Metal)

r 13. ASTM 01005 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Dry-Film

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14. ASTM 01044
Thickness of Organic Coatings Using Micrometers

Standard Test Method for Resistance of Transparent


Plastics to Surface Abrasion

15. ASTM 01186 Standard Test Methods for Nondestructive


Measurement of Dry Film Thickness of Nonmagnetic
Coatings Applied to a Ferrous Base

c 16.

17.
ASTM 01193

ASTM 01248
Standard ·Specification for Reagent Water

Standard Specification for Polyethylene Plastics

I 18. ASTM 01400


Extrusion Materials for Wire and Cable

Standard Test Method for Nondestructive


Measurement of Dry Film Thickness of
Nonconductive Coatings Applied to a Nonferrous
Metal Base

19. ASTM 01475 Standard Test Methods for Density of Liquid


Coatings, Inks and Related Products

20. ASTM 01535 Standard Practice for Specifying Color by the

t Munsell System

2·1. ASTM 01653 Standard Test Methods for Water Vapor


Transmission of Organic Coating Films
r 22. ASTM 01730 Standard Practices for Preparation of Aluminum and
Aluminum-Alloy Surfaces for Painting

Rev.E 09960-1-4 Contract No. 097-C78


SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

23. ASTM D1763 Standard Specification for Epoxy Resins

24. ASTM D2092 Standard Guide for Preparation of Zinc-Coated


(Galvanized) Steel Surfaces for Painting

25. ASTM D2240 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property -


Durometer Hardness

26 . ASTM D2370 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of


Organic Coatings

27. ASTM D2583 Standard Test Method for Indentation Hardness of


Rigid Plastics by Means of a Barcol lmpressor

28. ASTM D2794 Standard Test Method for Resistance of Organic


Coatings to the Effects of Rapid Deformation
(Impact)
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29. ASTM D3278 Standard Test Methods for Flash Point of Liquids by
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Small Scale Closed-Cup Apparatus

30. ASTM D4060 Standard Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of


Organic Coatings by the Taber Abraser

31 . ASTM D4138 Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Dry Film


Thickness of Protective Coating Systems by
Destructive Means
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32. ASTM D4212 Standard Test Method for Viscosity by Dip-Type
Viscosity Cups

33. ASTM D4227 Standard Practice for Qualification of Coating


Applicators for Application of Coatings to Concrete
Surfaces

34. ASTM D4258 Standard Practice for Surface Cleaning Concrete for
Coating

35. ASTM D4259 Standard Practice for Abrading Concrete

36. ASTM D4260 Standard Practice for Acid Etching Concrete

37. ASTM D4261 Standard Practice for Surface Cleaning Concrete


Unit Masonry for Coating

38. ASTM D4262 Standard Test Method for pH of Chemically Cleaned


or Etched Concrete Surfaces

39. ASTM D4263 Standard Test Method for Indicating Moisture in


Concrete by the Plastic Sheet Method
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40. ASTM D4285 Standard Test Method for Indicating Oil or Water in
Compressed Air

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Rev.E 09960-1-5 Contract No. 097-C78
SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

41. ASTM 0 4414 Standard Practice for Measurement of Wet Film


Thickness by Notch Gages

42. ASTM 0 4417 Standard Test Methods for Field Measurement of


Surface Profile of Blast Cleaned Steel

43. ASTM 04541 Standard Test Method for Pull-Off Strength of


Coatings Using Portable Adhesion Testers

44. ASTM 04708 Standard Practice for Preparation of Uniform Free


Films of Organic Coatings

45. ASTM 04752 Standard Test Method for Measuring MEl<


Resistance of Ethyl Silicate (Inorganic) Zinc-Rich
Primers by Solvent Rub

46. ASTM 04787 Standard Practice for Continuity Verification of Liquid


or Sheet Linings Applied to Concrete Substrates

47. ASTM 05064 Standard Practice for Conducting a Patch Test to


Assess Coating Compatibility

48. ASTM 051 37 Standard Specification for Hexyl Acetate

49. ASTM 05402 Standard Practice for Assessing the Solvent


Resistance of Organic Coatings Using Solvent Rubs

) 50. ASTM 06132 Standard Test Method for Nondestructive


Measurement of Dry Film Thickness of Applied
Organic Coatings over Concrete Using an Ultrasonic
Gage

l 51. ASTM 06237 Standard · Guide for Painting ·Inspectors (Concrete


and Masonry Substrates)

l 52. ASTM E104 Standard Practice for Maintaining Constant Relative


Humidity by Means of Aqueous Solutions

53. ASTM E337 Standard Test Method for Measuring Humidity with a
[ Psychrometer (The Measurement of Wet- and Dry-
Bulb Temperatures)

54. ASTM G8 Standard Test Methods for Cathodic Disbanding of


( Pipeline Coatings

55. ASTM G11 Standard Test Method for Effects of Outdoor

l 56. ASTM G1 4
Weathering on Pipeline Coatings

Standard Test Method for Impact Resistance of


Pipeline Coatings (Falling VI/eight Test)
l' 57. ASTM G19 Standard Test Method for Disbanding Characteristics
of Pipeline Coatings by Direct Soil Burial

Rev.E 09960-1-6 Contract No. 097-C78


SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS
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F. ANSI American National Standards Institute


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1. ANSI A21 .52 Ductile Iron Pipe, Centrifugally Cast, Gas

G. AWWA American Water Works Association l


1. AWWAD102 Coating Steel Water-Storage Tanks

H. BSI British Standards Institution l


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1. BS 3900: PART F17 Methods of Test for Paints - Determination of Wet-
Scrub Resistance and Cleanability of Coatings

2. BS 3900-H1 Methods of Test for Paints - Evaluation of

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Degradation of Coatings - Designation of Quantity
and Size of Defects and of Intensity of Changes -
General Principles and Designation System

3. BS 3900-H4 Methods of Test for Paints - Evaluation of


Degradation of Coatings - Designation of Quantity
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and Size of Defects and of Intensity of Changes -

4. BS 3900-HS
Assessment of Degree of Cracking

Methods of Test for Paints - Evaluation of


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Degradation of Coatings - Designation of Quantity
and Size of Defects and of Intensity of Changes -
Assessment of Degree of Flaking

5. BS 1062-1 Paints and Varnishes - Coating Materials and


Coating Systems for Exterior Masonry and Concrete
- Part 1: Classification
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6. BS 1062-3 Paints and Varnishes - Coating Materials and r.
Coating Systems for Exterior Masonry and Concrete
- Determination and Classification of Liquid-Water
Transm ission Rate (Permeability)

7. BS 1062-6 Paints and Varnishes - Coating Materials and


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Coating Systems for Exterior Masonry and Concrete
- Part 6: Determination of Carbon Dioxide
Permeability

8. BS 1062-7 Paints and Varnishes - Coating Materials and


Coating Systems for Exterior Masonry and Concrete
-Part 7: Determination of Crack Bridging Properties J

9. BS 1062-11 Paints and Varnishes - Coating Materials and


Coating Systems for Exterior Masonry and Concrete [
-Part 11: Methods of Conditioning Before Testing

10. BS 5493 Protective Coating of Iron and Steel Structures


Against Corrosion l
11. BS 7079-A1 Preparation of Steel Substrates Before Application of
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Rev.E 09960-1-7 Contract No. 097-C78
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SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

Paints and Related Products - Visual Assessment of


Surface Cleanliness - Part 1: Specification for Rust
Grades and Preparations Grades of Uncoated Steel
Substrates and of Steel Substrates after Overall
Removal of Previous Coatings

I. International Protective Coating Standards

I J. ISO International Organization for Standardization

1. ISO 1461 Metallic Coatings - Hot Dip Galvanized Coatings on


r Fabricated Ferrous Products - Requirements

2. ISO 2063 Metallic and other Inorganic Coatings - Thermal


Spraying -Zinc, Aluminum and their Alloys

3. ISO 2409 Paints and Varnishes - Cross-Cut Test

4. ISO 2808 Paints and Varnishes - Determination of Film


Thickness

5. ISO 8501 -1 Preparation of Steel Substrates before Application of


Paints and Related Products - Visual Assessment of
Surface Cleanliness - Part 1: Rust Grades and
Preparation Grades of Uncoated Steel Substrates
and of Steel Substrates after Overall Removal of
Previous Coatings
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6. ISO 8501-2 Preparation of Steel Substrates before Application of
Paints and Related Products - Visual Assessment of
Surface Cleanliness - Part 2: Preparation Grades of
Previously Coated Steel Substrates after Localized
Removal of Previous 8oatings ·

7. ISO 8502-3 Preparation of Steel Substrates before Application of


Paints and Related Products - Tests for the
Assessment of Surface Cleanliness - Part 3:
Assessment of Dust on Steel Surfaces Prepared for
Painting (Pressure-Sensitive Tape Method)

l 8. ISO 8502-6 Preparation of Steel Substrates before Application of


Paints and Related Products - Tests for the
Assessment of Surface Cleanliness - Part 6:
I Extraction of Soluble Contaminants for Analysis -
The Bresle Method

9. ISO 8502-9 Preparation of Steel Substrates before Application of


r Paints and Related Products - Group B: Methods for
the Assessment of Surface Cleanliness - Part 89:
Field Method for the Conductometric Determination

l 10. ISO 8503-1


of Water-Soluble Salts

Preparation of Steel Surfaces before Application of


Paints and Related Products - Surface Roughness

Rev.E 09960-1-8 Contract No. 097-C78


SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

Characteristics of Blast Cleaned Steel Substrates -


Specification for Surface Profile Comparators for the
Assessment of Abrasive Blast-Cleaned Products

11. ISO 8503-2 Preparation of Steel Substrates before Application of


Paints and Related Products - Method for the
Grading of Surface Profile of Abrasively Blast
Cleaned Steel using a Comparator

12. ISO 12944-1 General Introduction

13. ISO 12944-2 Classification of Environments I'


14. ISO 12944-3 Design Considerations

15. ISO 12944-4 Types of Surface and Surface Preparation 1


16. ISO 12944-5 Protective Paint Systems

17. ISO 12944-6 Laboratory Performance Test Methods


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18. ISO 12944-7 Execution and Supervision of Paint Work I.
19. ISO 12944-8 Development of Specifications for New Work and
Maintenance

20. ISO 20567-1


) Paints and Varnishes - Determination of Stone Chip
Resistance of Coatings - Part 1: Multi Impact Test

21. ISO 20567-2 Paints and Varnishes - Determination of Stone Chip


Resistance of Coatings- Part 2: Single Impact Test

NACE National Association of Corrosion Engineers

1. NACE RP0172 Surface Preparation of Steel and other Hard


Materials by Water Blasting Prior to Coating or
Recoating

2. NACE RP0184 Repair of Lining Systems

3. NACE RP0188 Discontinuity (Holiday) Testing of New Protective


Coatings on Conductive Substrates

4. NACE RP0287 Field Measurement of Surface Profile of Abrasive


Blast Cleaned Steel Surfaces Using a Replica Tape

5. NACE RP0288 Inspection of Linings on Steel and Concrete

6. NACE RP0591 Coatings for Concrete Surfaces in Non-Immersion


and Atmospheric Service

7. NACE RP0892 Coatings and Linings over Concrete for Chemical


Immersion and Containment Service

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Rev.E 09960-1-9 Contract No. 097-C78
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SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

L. SIS Swedish Standard Institution

1. SIS 055900 Surface Pictorial Preparations Standard for Painting


Steel Surfaces

M. SSPC The Society for Protective Coatings

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2.
SSPC-SP1

SSPC-SP2
(Surface Preparation Standards)- Solvent Cleaning

(Surface Preparations Standards) - Hand Tool


Cleaning
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3. SSPC-SP3 (Surface Preparation Standards) - Power Tool
Cleaning

r 4. SSPC-SP5 (Surface Preparation Standards) -White Metal Blast


Cleaning

f 5. SSPC-SP6 (Surface Preparation Standards) - Commercial Blast


Cleaning

6. SSPC-SP7 (Surface Preparation Standards) - Brush-Off Blast


J Cleaning

7. SSPC-SP8 (Surface Preparation Standards)- Pickling


l ) 8. SSPC-SP11 (Surface Preparation Standards) - Power Tool
Cleaning to Bare Metal

I 9. SSPC-SP12 (Surface Preparation Standards) Surface


Preparation and Cleaning of Metals by Waterjetting
Prior to Recoating
I 10. SSPC-SP13 (Surface Preparation Standards) Surface
Preparation of Concrete

11. SSPC-SP14 (Surface Preparation Standards) - Industrial Blast


Cleaning

1 12. SSPC-SP15 (Surface Preparation Standards)


Grade Pov:er Tool Cleaning
- Commercial

I 13. SSPC-PA1 (Paint Application Standards) - Shop, Field and


Maintenance Painting of Steel

14. SSPC-PA2 (Paint Application Standards) - Measurement of Dry

I 15. SSPC-PA Guide 3


Coating Thickness with Magnetic Gages

(Paint Application Standards) - A Guide to Safety in


Paint Application
t 16. SSPC-PA6 (Paint Application Standards) Fiberglass-
Reinforced Plastic (FRP) Linings Applied to
Bottoms of Carbon Steel Aboveground Storage

Rev.E 09960-1-10 Contract No. 097-C78


SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

Tanks

17. SSPC- PA7 (Paint Application Standards) - Applying Thin Film


Coatings to Concrete

1.05 DEFINITIONS

A. acrylic: A synthetic resin used in high-performance water-based coatings. A coating r


in which the binder contains acrylic resins.

B. adhesion: The ability of dry paint to attach to and remain fixed on the surface without J
blistering, flaking, cracking or being removed by tape.

C. air cure: One method by which liquid coatings cure to a dry film . Oxygen from the air
enters the film and cross-links the resin molecules. Also called "Air Dry" and
"Oxidizing."
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D. alkyd: Synthetic resin modified with oil. Coating that contains alkyd resins in the
f
binder.

E. amide: A functional group which can act as an epoxy resin curing agent.
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F.. butadiene: A gas which is chemically combined with styrene to create a resin used
in latex binders, styrene-butadiene.

G. catalyst: Substance whose presence increases the rate of a chemical reaction, e.g.,
) acid catalyst added to an epoxy resin system to accelerate drying time.

H. chroma: A measurement of color. The degree of saturation of a hue. A color at its


full intensity has maximum chroma.

I. coat: A continuous layer of metal material or a continuous film of paint, resulting from
a single application. I
J. corrosion inhibitive: A type of metal paint or primer that prevents rust by preventing
moisture from reaching the metal. Zinc phosphate, barium metaborate and strontium {
chromate (all pigments) are common ingredients in corrosion-inhibitive coatings.
These pigments absorb any moisture that enters the paint film.

K. OFT: Dry Film Thickness. t


L. durability: The expected life of a protective paint system to the first major
maintenance painting.
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M. emulsion paint: Coating in which resins are suspended in water, then flow together
with the aid of an emulsifier. Example: latex paint.
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N. enamel: Broad classification of paints that dry to a hard, usually glossy fini sh. Most
equipment-coating enamels require baking. Enamels for walls do not.

0. epoxy: Extremely tough durable synthetic resin used in some coatings. Epoxy
coatings are extremely tough, durable and highly resistant to chem icals, abrasion,
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moisture and alcohol.
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Rev.E 09960-1 -11 Contract No. 097-C78
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SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PE RFORMANCE COATINGS

P. film thickness: Depth or thickness of the dry coating in millimeters.

Q. galvanizing: Process in which a thin coating of zinc is applied to iron or steel to


prevent rust.
I R. lining: A Protective coating on the inner surface of a tank or similar.

S. material safety data sheet (MSDS): Information sheet that lists any hazardous
r substance that comprises 1% or more of the product's total volume. Also lists
procedures to follow in the event of fire, explosion, leak or exposure to hazardous
substance by inhalation, ingestion, or contact with skin or eyes. Coating
manufactures are required to provide retailers with an MSDS for every product they
r sell to the retailer. Sales clerks should make MSDSs available to retail customers.

T. mineral spirits: Paint thinner. Solvent distilled from petroleum.


r U. paint: A pigmented coating material, in liquid or in paste or powder form, which,
when applied to a substrate, form s an opaque film having protective, decorative or
other specific properties. "Paint" as used herein means all coating systems which
f include primers, emulsions, enamels, stains, sealers, fillers, and other applied
coating materials whether used as prime, intermediate, or finish coats.

f V. primer: First complete coat of paint of a painting system applied to a surface. Such
paints are designed to provide adequate adhesion to new surfaces or are formulated
to meet the special requirements of the surfaces.

W. protective coating system: The sum total of the coats of metal materials and/or
) paints or related products which are to be applied or which have been applied to a
substrate to provide corrosion protection.

X. protective paint system: The total sum of the coats of paints or related products
which are to be applied or which have been applied to a substrate to provide
corrosion protection. ·

Y. resin: Synthetic or natural material used as the binder in coatings. Can be


translucent or transparent, solid or semi-solid. Examples: acrylic, alkyd, copal ester,
l epoxy, polyurethane, polyvinyl chloride, silicone.

Z. solids: The part of the coating that remains on a surface after the vehicle has
evaporated. The dried paint film . Also called Nonvolatile.
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AA. solvent: Any liquid which can dissolve a resin. Generally refers to the liquid portion
of paints and coatings that evaporates as the coating dries.
f BB. spontaneous combustion: Oils used in many paints can generate heat as they
react with air. A fire can occur when materials soaked with these oils are improperly

I handled or disposed of. Follow all label instructions to avoid the risk of spontaneous
combustion.

CC. substrate: The surface to which the coating material is applied or is to be applied.
f DO. urethane: An important resin in the coatings industry. A true urethane coating is a
two-component product that cures when an isocyanate (the catalyst) prompts a
chemical reaction that unites the components.

Rev.E 09960-1-12 Contract No. 097-C78


SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS I.
EE. vehicle: Portion of a coating that includes all liquids and the binder. The vehicle and
the pigment are the two basic components of paint.

FF. volatile organic compound (VOC) : Organic chemicals and petrochemicals that emit
vapors while evaporating. VOC generally refers to the solvent portion of the paint
which, when it evaporates, results in the formation of paint film on the substrate to
I
which it was applied.

GG. volume sol ids: Solid ingredients as a percentage of total ingredients. The volume of f
pigment plus binder divided by the total volume, expressed in percent. High-volume
solids mean a thicker dry film with improved durability.
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HH. WFT: Wet Film Thickness.

1.06 SUBMITTALS I
A. The Contractor shall submit to the Royal Commission, under the prOVISions of
SECTION 01330, the following items for review and approval before commencing
Work:

1. Manufacturer's technical information including paint label analysis and


application instructions for each material proposed for use. I
2. In addition to the requirements for submitting color samples, the Contractor
shall, prior to proceeding with paint and/or coating application, provide mock-
ups or field samples, of each substrate to be painted and/or coated. The mock-
) ups or field samples shall be painted and/or coated to demonstrate method of
application, finish texture, color, smoothness, general appearance of the
coaling and quality of workmanship. The size and location of the mock-ups or
field samples shall be determined by the Royal Commission.

3. In case of maintenance coatings, a condition survey report shall be prepared


by Contractor based on findings from field inspections. The report shall
describe in detail condition of structures to be coated and shall include the
procedures for execution of the work.

4. Specifications for each material and cross-reference to the specific paint and
finish system and application. Identify by manufacturer's catalog number and
general classification.

5. The type and characteristics of the specific materials and items proposed to be
used for the work and the sources or facilities for the supply and/or production
of such materials and items.

6. The document submittal for each type of coating system material which shall
include the manufacturer's complete product specification,
technical/performance data and preparation and installation instructions and
recommendations.

7. A manufacturer's Certificate of Compliance on the suitability of each type of


coating material proposed with specific references to the climatic and
environmental conditions under consideration.
l
)
I
Rev.E 09960-1-13 Contract No. 097-C78
r
SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

8. An outline of procedures proposed for execution of the work, and of testing not
covered by Standards and Codes specified herein.

9. The number, type and capacity of all equipment intended for carrying out the
I work and associated testing.

10. Product Data

I a) The following information on composition of organic coatings shall be


submitted:
1) Surface preparation to achieve a surface and profile depth
f suitable for coating.
2) Name and manufacture of proposed coating to be used .
3) Composition of coating material. Contents of organic binder, filler
and solvent.
4) Type, grade and class of epoxy in accordance with ASTM 01763.
5) Results of mechanical, physical and chemical tests according to
the following general list:
(a) Im pact, ASTM G14 or 02794.
(b) Abrasion resistance with CS 17 Wheel of 1 kg v1eight,
5000 cycles, ASTM 01044.
{' (c) Adhesion shear, ASTM 01002.

) (d) Hardness Shore D, ASTM 02240.


(e) Hardness Barco!, ASTM 02583.
{
(f) Elongation, ASTM 0522.
(g) Salt spray for 2000 hours, ASTM 011!.
(h) Weatherometer.for 5000 hours, ASTM G11 and/or G23.
(i) Resistance to different chemicals.
U) Resistance to microbiological degradation.
(k) Temperature resistance in dry and wet conditions.
(I) Water absorbance, ASTM 0570.
(m) Water vapor permeability, ASTM 01653.
(n) Permeability of oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide and

t (o)
hydrogen sulfide.
Cathodic disbanding, ASTM G8 or G19.
6) Method for application of coating.
{ 7) Method for field repair of coating.
8) Precautions for shipping, handling and storage.

l 11. On 300 x 300 mm hardboard, provide samples of each color and material, with
texture to simulate actual conditions. Resubmit each sample as requested until
acceptable sheen, color, and texture is achieved .
{

Rev.E 09960-1-14 Contract No. 097-C78


SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

) 12. On actual surfaces to be painted, duplicate paint finishes of the accepted


samples, on at least 12 m2 of surface as directed. Provide full-coat finish mock-
up samples having required sheen, color, and texture as approved. Simulate
finished lighting conditions for review of in-place work. Sample mock-ups shall
serve as standard for finish work throughout the Project.

13. An area of the Project will be selected by the Royal Commission to represent
typical job surfaces and conditions. Paint and finish the area in accordance
with the schedule and as specified. After finishes are accepted, the area will be
used for comparison in evaluation of other painting and finishing of other
related areas.

14. A complete schedule of materials including substitutes. This schedule, in


triplicate, shall list materials by manufacturer, brand name, and type for each
surface to be finished.

15. Three copies of Suppliers factory Quality Control Program containing details of
suppliers program for testing, monitoring and reporting to the Royal )
Commission, for review on the quality of materials being supplied for use in the
work.

16. Three copies of the Contractors on-site Quality Control Program outlining the
procedures proposed to be used for the execution and testing of the work as
I
required by the Specifications.

B. The Contractor shall submit to the Royal Commission by completion of work:

) 1. Detailed coating schedules describing as-built systems applied to each facility.


This schedule shall include surface dryness, surface roughness, methods used
for cleaning contam inants and surface preparation. It shall also include
information such as batch numbers of all components of the coating system.
l
1.07 QUALITY CONTROL [
A. The Contractor shall be responsible for the quality of Work and shall develop and
propose programs and methods of construction and testing to achieve the specified
quality to the approval of the Royal Commission in accordance with
SECTION 01450.

B. The Contractor shall develop, as part of his Quality Control Program coating
operation inspection forms as needed to record the relevant inspection and testing
l
data.

C. The Royal Commission or their authorized representative shall be provided with a


1
detailed schedule and shall be notified 24 hours in advance of all required hold and
witness points requiring inspection prior to the scheduled time for coating activities.
Failure to provide the required notification may result in the requirement for re- f
inspection or rework.

D. Hold points for inspection shall occur after the following operations, and at any other
points requested by the Royal Commission: t
1. Initial surface condition prior to start of work.
I
Rev.E 09960-1-15 Contract No. 097-C78
[
SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS
f
) 2. After surface preparation .
f
3. Stripe coating of difficult areas.

4. Application of each coat of the coating system.

5. Completion of the full system prior to putting back into service, i.e. final
inspection.

E. The Contractor shall maintain a qualified supervisor on site during all coating
application operations in accordance with SECTION 01450.

F. The Contractor shall conduct the following test to ensure conformance with the
requirements of this Specification:

l 1. Surface profile.

2. Surface chloride content.


f 3. Measurement of WFT and OFT.

4. Adhesion of coating.

5. Moisture content in concrete.

6. Holiday detection as agreed with the Royal Commission.


) G. Source Quality Control

1. Pipes, fittings, valves and other equipment of iron or steel shall be tested at the
place of manufacture in accordance with the relevant standard specifications
unless otherwise stated.
I H. Paint Compatibility

1. Provide finish coats which are compatible with the prime paints used.
f
a) Review other Sections of these Specifications in which prime paints are
to be provided to ensure compatibility with the total coating system on

l b)
the various substrates.

Provide barrier coats over incompatible primers or remove and re-prime


as required.

c) Notify the Royal Commission in writing of any anticipated problems


using the coating systems specified on substrates pre-primed.

I 2. For repainting of existing painted surfaces, provide surface preparation and


new primers and/or undercoats which will ensure the compatibility, adhesion,

j and coverage of specified finish paints as a total system.

a) Verify existing paint coating materials by site examination and testing, if


required. Notify the Royal Commission for direction as to obtaining

Rev.E 09960-1 -16 Contract No. 097 -C78


SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

access and samples.

b) Commencement of painting shall be considered acceptance of the


suitability of existing substrates.

3. Prior to beginning any painting work, review applicable painting systems with
qualified representatives of the selected finish paint manufacturer.

4. Painting Steel and Concrete

a) Comply with SSPC specifications as referenced in par. 1 .04.

1.08 HEALTH AND SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS


I
A. All works undertaken in relation to this Specification are to be completed in full
accordance with the respective health and safety requirements established by the
l
following:

1. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia


1

2.
a) Legislation, Regulation, Standards and Codes.

Royal Commission Regulations


l
a) Standar~s, Contractual Conditions, and Health and Safety Systems.
r
) 3. Contractor

a) Health and Safety Standards and Systems as accepted by the Royal


Commission.
l
B. In the ·absence of any of the above, 'best accepted industry practice shall be
employed throughout.

C. Sufficient mechanical forced ventilation shall be provided for the duration of blasting,
coating and curing operations inside tanks or other confined areas. [
D. Proper lighting, vvithout creating shadows or glare, shall be provided during coating
application. The lighting fixtures shall be explosion proof, safety type system.

E. Positive pressure helmets and goggles shall be worn by workmen during blasting
operation inside tanks or other confined areas.

F. Spraying equipment shall be grounded and all precautions shall be taken to prevent
buildup of static electricity.

G. All sources of ignition and persons smoking shall be kept at least 50 m away during
mixing, coating and curing operations.
t
H. When blasting in confined areas or inside tanks, all blasting nozzles shall be
equipped with "dead man" or remote controls for automatic shutoff.
l

Rev.E 09960-1-17 Contract No. 097-C78


SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

I 1.09 DESIGN CRITERIA

A. The paint and coating systems shall be suitable for the intended service conditions
and environments. Special importance is given to its durability under exposure to oil,
r gasoline, diesel, chemicals, acids, waste water, potable water, sun, abrasive sand
and dust storms, and high humidity seacoast air.

B. The Contractor shall be aware of the above mentioned requirements and assure that
all materials, preparation and methods of application shall ensure full performance of
all coating systems. Full performance shall mean to provide full protection to the

I material coated and maintain an acceptable appearance for a period of 10 years with
no abrasions, which occurs as a result of operations. Failure of coating system due to
preparation, application, materials, natural or service environment shall not be
considered full performance.
r C. The Contractor shall provide a 10 years guarantee for the coatings applied under the
work of this Contract. During this period, the Contractor shall repair or replace, as
directed by the Royal Commission, all coatings which fail to perform as specified.
[ Failure shall include any lessening of protection to the material coated, degradation
of integrity of the coating material or deterioration of surface condition beyond normal
wear and weathering due to any cause other than damage to the coating during
normal operations, such as nicks or abrasion ..

1.10 JOB CONDITIONS

) A. General

{ 1. The Contractor shall not apply exterior paint or coating during sand storms,
rain, or fog.

l 2. The Contractor shall not apply P?tint or coati[lg when ·the relative humidity
exceeds 85%, or to damp or wet surfaces, unless permitted by the paint
manufacturer's printed instructions.
'
l 3. The Contractor shall not apply any coating when the substrate surface
temperature is below 3'c above the dew point (condensation level).

B. The Contractor shall not apply coating when the surfaces to be painted and the
L surrounding air conditions are outside the limits following below:

1. Zinc Ethyl Silicate

f a) Surface and Air Temperature


1) Below 1oac and above 32°C, unless otherwise permitted by the
paint manufacturer's printed instructions.
l
b) Relative Air Humidity
1) Below 50% and above 90%, unless otherwise permitted by the
t paint manufacturer's printed instructions.

Rev.E 09960-1-1 8 Contract No. 097-C78


SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

2. Other Coatings

a) Surface and Air Temperature


1) Below 1 oocand above 32°C, unless otherwise permitted by the
paint manufacturer's printed instructions.

b) Relative Air Humidity


1) Above 85%, unless otherwise permitted by the paint
manufacturer's printed instructions.

C. Paint may be applied during inclement weather if the areas and surfaces to be j
painted are enclosed and heated or air conditioned within the temperature and
relative air humidity lim its specified.

D. The Contractor shall measure moisture content of surfaces using an electronic


moisture meter.
I
E. The Contractor shall not apply finishes unless the moisture content of surfaces is
below the following maximum:

1. Plaster: 5%.

2. Concrete and Concrete Blocks: 5%.


l
F. Thermally Sprayed Metallic Coatings {
) 1. The materials and conditions for metal spraying shall be in accordance with

G.
ISO 2063.

The Contractor shall read and follow carefully the label instructions on each container
l
in regards to minimum and maximum allowable surface temperature for each specific
product prior to application. 1I
H. Provide adequate and continuOLJS ventilation during interior applications . Interior
enclosures such as tanks shall be properly vented to ensure forced ventilation until
protective coatings have reached total cure. l
I. High intensity flood or spot lights are required for visibility. All lighting equipment shall
be low voltage and explosion-proof.

J. All personnel entering tanks after abrasive blasting shall wear rubber soled shoes
with clean disposable shoe covers sweat bands and lint-free gloves.
J
1<. If required, stand-by equipment shall be at the jobsite to avoid any shutdowns or
delays in production.

L. When coating existing tanks and/or when work location is in restricted areas, the
schedule of work shall be coordinated with the 0 & M Contractor and the Royal
l
Commission to obtain access to the work areas.

M. The manufacturers' instructions shall be followed with regard to minimum and


l
maximum allowable surface temperature for each specific product.
)
1
Rev.E 09960-1-19 Contract No. 097-C78
l
SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

1. Adequate and continuous ventilation shall be provided during application of


coatings . The tanks shall be properly vented until coatings have reached total
cure. Unless otherwise directed, at least 7 days curing under ventilation shall
be provided.

2. Adequate lighting at work areas shall be provided during coating application.

1.11 DELIVERY. HANDLING AND STORAGE

I A. The Contractor shall deliver, handle and store equipment and material units in
accordance with SECTIONS 01650 and 01660, as well as the following
requirements:

I 1.

2.
Name or title of material.

Manufacturer's stock number and date of manufacture.

l 3. Manufacturer's name.

4. Manufacturing standard.

5. Contents by volume for major pigment and vehicle constituents.

6. Thinning instructions.

) 7. Application instructions.

{ 8. Color name and number.

9. Product data sheets.

I 10. Quality control certificates.

B. Store materials and equipment in a designated storage space on the site. l<eep

l storage space neat, clean, and accessible at all times. Protect floors from paint
spillage. Comply with fire safety requirements for flammable materials.

C. Provide adequate, enclosed and well ventilated storage facilities separate from

l storage of other building materials. Store paint material at a minimum ambient


temperature of rc.

D. Containers of paint or components shall not be opened except for immediate use.
1 Materials older than the manufacturers recommended shelf life shall not be used and
shall be removed from the site.

t E. All necessary precautions to prevent fire hazards and spontaneous combustions


have to be taken.

l F. At the end of daily work, all containers in use shall be closed tightly and removed
from site.

(
Rev.E 09960-1-20 Contract No. 097-C?B
SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

G. The Contractor shall not dispose solid and liquid wastes from its work down to any
) sanitary fitting, sink and drains. All waste materials shall be removed from the site in
airtight containers and disposed as directed by the Royal Commission.

r
)

l
l
l
t

l
1
Rev.E 09960-1-21 Contract No. 097-C78
SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

PART 2- PRODUCTS

2.01 GENERAL

A. All goods and products covered by these Specifications shall be procured, when
available, from an in-Kingdom manufacturer. Procurement of all goods and products
manufactured out-of-Kingdom must be approved by the Royal Commission.

B. Proprietary names used to designate colors or materials are not intended to imply
that products of the named manufacturers are required to the exclusion of equivalent
products of other Saudi Arabian manufacturers.

C. Coatings shall be premixed and formul ated, except for the 2-component on-site
catalyzed coatings. Pigments shall be capable of being readily and uniformly
dispersed to provide a homogenous mixture for the selected method of application,
i.e. brush, roller, conventional air assisted spray or airless spray methods, as
recommended in the manufacturer's application data sheets. Coatings shall not be
thinned except as indicated in the manufacturer's product data sheets and then only
using the manufacturers recommended thinner.

D. Provide only absolutely pure linseed oil, turpentine, shellac, and other like material
that are of the highest quality with identifying labels intact and seals unbroken.

E. Use only primers and under coaters that are suitable for each surface to be covered
and that are compatible with the finish coat required.
(
) F. If ferrous metals are shop primed, the Contractor shall make every effort to determine
the type of primer used. If this is not possible or the primer is not compatible with the
{ proposed finish coat, a barrier coat as recommended by the coating manufacturer
may be required prior to application of finish coat.

G. If nothing else is mentioned in this Section, penetrants shall have 10 mm minimum


r penetration capability and 95% minimum water repeiling rating. They shall also be
highly resistant to chloride ion penetration and shall show a minimum of 90%
reduction on chloride ions at depth of 25 mm as compared to untreated concrete.

l H. Abrasive Blasting Media

1. If nothing else is mentioned in this Section:

a) The Contractor shall propose the abrasive blasting media to be


employed for approval by the Royal Commission. Only clean, sharp and

l angular grit from an approved source shall be used for abrasive blast
cleaning. The grit shall be free from excessive fines and shall not
contain more than 50 ppm of chlorides, sulfates or other water-soluble
salts. The grit may be steel grit, chilled iron grit, aluminum oxide grit,
silica or crushed garnet grit. Other abrasive blasting media and methods
of surface preparation may be proposed by the Contractor for approval
by the Royal Commission.

b) The use of sand for surface preparation is not permissible unless the
sandblasting takes place in a totally enclosed area equipped with
particulate emission control measures.

Rev. E 09960-1-22 Contract No. 097 -C78


SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

-, I. Use products of the same manufacturer for succeeding coats with the possible
J
exception of the following:

1. Where shop primed materials are to be finish painted or prime coat materials
are by a different manufacturer than finish coat materials, confirm compatibility
of the primers with the manufacturer of the finish coat paints.

2. Where existing previously painted surfaces are to be finish painted, confirm


compatibility of existing painted surfaces with the manufacturer of the
succeeding new paints.

J. Provide paints of durable and cleanable quality. Use paint materials which will
withstand normal washing as required removing pencil marks, ink, ordinary soiling,
and related conditions without showing discoloration, loss of gloss, staining, or o ther
damage.

K. Organic Coatings

1. The type and quality of the coating must be chosen •.vith regard to the
corrosive properties of the media to be transported or stored, and to the
extreme climatic conditions . The coating shall have a high abrasion resistance,

2.
excellent adhes ion and a low water and gas permeability.

The materials used for the coating must be free from low temperature volatile
t
solvents or other constituents which can cause evaporation and peeling during

)
storage. I
3. The organic coatings used for internal and external insulation shall have a

4.
softening point (by the ring and ball method) higher than 11 o•c.

The coating shall have a dry film thickness of not less than specified.
l
5. Primer materials shall be rust inhibitive and flllly compatible with finish coat
materials.
l
6. Shop applied finish coatings on steel shall consist of zinc galvanize, alkyd
enamel or epoxy paint systems .

7. Paint applied over primed or previously painted surfaces shall cause no


wrinkling, lifting or damage to under laying paint.

8. Epoxy system coatings shall be applied without primer unless indicated


otherwise in this Section.

9. The materials used for the coating of (steel) pipes used for transporting of
t
drinking water or equipment located in drinking water must be sufficiently free
from low temperature volatile solvents or other constituents which can cause
evaporation and peeling during storage or can cause taste or odor in the
{
drinking water.

10. Unless stated otherwise in this Section, on Contract Drawings or Technical


Specifications, minimum total paint film thickness including prime coat (if any),
intermediate coats, and finish coat shall be no less than:

Rev.E 09960-1-23 Contract No. 097-C78


SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

) a) Alkyd Enamel: 125 micron.

b) Coal Tar Epoxy: 500 micron.

c) Epoxy Enamel: 500 micron.

d) Polyurethane: 500 micron.

e) Organic Coatings: 300 micron.

f) Zinc Layer Thickness


1) Hot Dip Galvanized Steel: 80 micron.
2) Bolts and Nuts: 80 micron.
3) Metallic fittings and valves for
underground piping including
connecting parts, bolts and nuts: 120 micron.

11. The coatings shall be free from voids, missed spots and pinholes.

12. The type and quality of the coating must be chosen with regard to the
corrosive properties of the fluid to be transported and/or stored, and to the
extreme climatic conditions. In view of the presence of abrasive particles and
conditions producing high water velocities, varying media pressures and the

l )
prevailing wind and sand conditions, the coating shall have a high abrasion
resistance, excellent adhesion and a low water and gas permeability.

l 2.02 ACCEPTABLE MANUFACTURERS

A. All coating materials (paints) shall be furnished by a manufacturer, regularly engaged


in the manufacture of coatings for industrial applica.tion. All coatings shall be per
1. manufacturer.s designated product line.

2.03 COLORS AND FINISHES


1
A. Prior to beginning the \vork, the Contractor shall submit to the Royal Commission for
approval sample color chips and a Color Schedule for all surfaces to be painted and
L finished. Colors may not necessarily be the manufacturers' standard colors. Special
colors shall be provided as required.

B. Use representative colors when preparing samples for the Royal Commission's
review. Final acceptance of colors will be from sample mock-ups applied on the job.

C. Color Pigments
f 1." Pure, non-fading types to suit the substrates and service indicated. Lead
content in pigment, if any, shall not exceed more than 0.5% lead, based on the

l total non-volatile, dry-film, of the paint by weight. This limitation shall extend to
all interior surfaces and those exterior surfaces, such as stairs, decks,
porches, railing, windows, and doors which are readily accessible to children
under 7 years of age.

Rev.E 09960-1-24 Contract No. 097-C78


SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

""'\ 2) Irrigation Water Tanks


I
(a) The finish coat to be applied to the tank exterior steel
surfaces shall be celtic green. Bands and lettering shall be
white and as specified in par. 3.02.

6. Potable, Irrigation, Reclaimed and Sewage Water Tanks of Concrete (New and
Existing)

a) General
1) The coating materials vary for internal and external surfaces.
Where the surface preparation requires blasting, the Contractor
shall propose the blast media to be employed for approval by the
l
Royal Commission.

b) Surface Filler I
1) The surface filler shall be epoxy mortar compatible with the
coating system.

c) Internal Surfaces
1) Primer
(a) Two-component, solvent free, amine cured epoxy sealing

) 2)
primer, to be thinned on site as recommended by the
manufacturer.
Intermediate and Top Coats
,-
(a) Two-component, solvent fee, amine cured epoxy; 2-coats
of minimum thickness 200 micron per coat, for a total
average DFT of 400 m icron.
[
d) External Surfaces
1) Primer l
(a) Two-component, solvent free, polyamide cured epoxy
sealing primer, to be thinned on site as recommended by
the manufacturer.
2) Intermediate Coat
(a) Two-component, solvent free, polyamide cured epoxy;
1-coat of minimum 200 micron total OFT.
1
3) TopCoat
(a) Two-component, recoatable acrylic polyurethane; 1-coat of
minimum 75 micron DFT.

e) Color
1) Potable Water Tanks
L
(a) The finish coat to be applied to the tank exterior concrete
surfaces shall be light blue. Bands and lettering shall be
dark blue and as specified in par. 3.02.
l
)
L
Rev.E 09960-1 -27 Contract No. 097-C78
l
SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

2) Irrigation Water Tanks


(a) The finish coat to be applied to the tank exterior concrete
surfaces shall be celtic green. Bands and lettering shall be
white and as specified in par. 3.02.

7. Internal of Waste Water Handling Chambers

a) Concrete Flow Dividing Chambers and 'vVet Wells in Saniiary Waste


Water
1) Primer
(a) Two-component, solvent free, amine cured epoxy sealing
primer, to be thinned on site as recommended by the
manufacturer.
2) Intermediate Coat
(a) Fiber glass reinforced epoxy lining system comprising two-
components, solvent free, amine cured epoxy; 2-coats shall
be applied to fully embed a 300 g/m 2 open wave fiberglass
mat and a 30 g/m2 tissue mat on top. Chopped fiberglass of
equivalent weight per square meter may be used instead of
the open wave mat as an alternative.
3) Top Coat
(a) Two-component, solvent free, amine cured epoxy; 1-coat of
minimum 250 microns OFT.
) 4) The average total OFT of the lining system shall be 1500 microns.

8. Marine Structures

a) Steel
1) Surface Preparation: SSPC-SP1 0 ,;Near White Metal."
2) Primer
(a) Two-component, high build, zinc phosphate amine cured
epoxy, to be applied as recommended by the coating
manufacturer.
3) Intermediate and Top Coats
1 (a) Two-component, high build, free, amine cured coal tar
epoxy; 2-coats. of minimum thickness 200 micron per coat,
for an average total of 400 micron OFT.
I
b) Concrete
1) Primer
(a) Two-component, solvent free, amine cured epoxy sealing
primer, to be thinned on site as recommended by the
{ 2)
manufacturer.
Intermediate and Top Coats
(a) Two-component, solvent free, amine cured coal tar epoxy;

Rev.E 09960-1-28 Contract No. 097-C78


SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

2-coats of minimum thickness 200 micron per coat, for an


average total of 400 micron OFT.

9. Miscellaneous Surfaces in Interior or Exterior Industrial Exposure

a) Steel (Piping, stairs, platforms, structural steel, etc. shall be galvanized


using the hot dip process unless indicated otherwise).
1) Galvanized Steel
(a) Surface Preparation and Primer
(i) Etch primer containing phosphoric acid, to be applied
as recommended by the coating manufacturer. 1
2) Non-Galvanized Steel or Galvanized Steel with Extensive
Corrosion
(a) Surface Preparation and Primer
l
(i) SSPC-SP1 0 "Near White Metal," and 2-component
high build, zinc phosphate polyamide cured epoxy;
1-coat of minimum 125 micron OFT.
l
(b) Intermediate Coat
(i) Two-component high build, polyamide cured epoxy; [
1-coat of minimum 200 micron total OFT.
(c) Top Coat
(i) Two-component high gloss, recoatable acrylic t
polyurethane; 1-coat of minimum 75 micron OFT.

b) Concrete
1) Primer
l
(a) Two-component solvent free, amine. cured epoxy sealing f
primer, to be thinned on site as recommended by the l
manufacturer.
2) Intermediate Coat
(a) Two-component, high build, polyamide cured epoxy; 1-coat
of minimum 200 micron total OFT.
3) Top Coat
(a) Two-component high gloss, recoatable Acrylic
l
polyurethane; 1-coat of minimum 75 microns OFT.

l
c) Concrete and Plaster: Acid resistant Epoxy Paint System For Walls

1. 1st Coat a transparent two-pack epoxy sealer/primer with volume


I.
solids 40, to be applied at 40 microns OFT exhibiting
excellent penetration properties to ensure good adhesion
between the topcoats and most masonry surfaces. l
)

Rev.E 09960-1-29 Contract No. 097-C78


SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

2. 2nd Coat a two-pack epoxy floor coating with volume solids 50, to
be applied at 50 microns OFT offering good chemical
resistance, durability and available in a variety of colors, can be
used for vertical surfaces as well.

3. 3'd Coat Same as Second Coat

4. Filler To repair cracks and achieve smooth finish a 2 pack epoxy


filler can be used.

d) Concrete flo ors not exposed to UV rays (Chemical Storage Area)

51
1. 1 Coat Transparent two-pack epoxy primer with 98% volume
I solids, exhibiting excellent penetration properties to ensure good
adhesion between the coats to be applied at 1 00 microns OFT.

2. 2"d Coat a high performance, self-smoothing, solvent free,


r seamless epoxy coating with 98% volume solids to be applied at
OFT 200 microns to offer excellent chemical, abrasion and impact
resistance.

3. 3'd Coat Same as Second Coat.

10. Storage Places for Foodstuff

a) High Solid Epoxy, in 2 to 3 Layers: 300 to 400 micron.


jl OR

b) Epoxy Resin 100% Volume Solids,


in 2 to 3 Layers: 400 to 500 micron.
1 OR

c) Elastomer Polyurethane, in 2 to 3 Layers: 1500 to 2000 micron.

11. Chemical Tanks

1 a) Phenol Modified Epoxy, in 2 to 3 Layers: 300 to 400 micron.

OR

l b) Ceramic Epoxy, in 1 to 2 Layers: 1000 to 2000 micron


(Not for concrete constant
immersed in fluid).
f OR

c) Glass Flake modified Vinyl Esther


l Resin, in 2 to 6 Layers: 1500 to 5500 micron.

Rev.E 09960-1-30 Contract No. 097-C78


SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

PART 3- EXECUTION
)
3.01 GENERAL

A. This Section covers the shop priming and painting of steel and concrete structures
including surface preparation, materials, workmanship, protection of surface, and
other appurtenant work. The Contractor shall furnish all materials, tools, equipment
and labor and do all painting work specified herein.

B. Unless otherwise stated, all cast iron, ductile iron and steel surfaces shall be
protected by suitable paint or coatings applied in the shop. Surfaces to be field
painted after equipment installation shall be shop painted with 1 or more coats of a
I
primer which will be adequately protect the equipment until finish coats are applied.
Electric motors, pumps, speed reducers, starters, and other self-contained or {
enclosed components shall be shop finished with a high grade, oil resistant enamel.

C. Steel equipment not in contact with the media such as framework, pipe supports,
hangers, support structures for equipment, anchor bolts for machines, loose flanges J
for piping, bolts, nuts etc., shall be hot dip galvanized before delivery to the site.

D. Machined, polished, and non-ferrous surfaces which are not normally painted by the (
supplier shall be coated with rust preventive compound.

F.. Except as otherwise required or directed, the following surfaces are to be left
unpainted:

1. Exposed surfaces of aluminum .

2. Polished or finished stainless steel.


l
3. Nickel or chromium.

4.
0

Galvanized surfaces, except piping and conduit.


0

r
5. Rubber and plastics, including fiberglass reinforced plastics.

3.02 BANDS . LETTERING SCHEDULE AND COLOR FOR EXTERIOR COATING

A. If nothing else specified in this Specification, tanks shall be banded and labeled in
Arabic and in English to meet the following criteria:

1. Distance from Top of Tank: 500 mm.

2. Width of Band, Top Band: 500 mm.

3. Width of Band, Bottom Band: 330 mm. l


4. Spacing between Bands: 160 mm.

5. Size of Letters, Arabic: 500 mm . l


) 6. Size of Letters, English: 330 mm.

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SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

B. Leliering shall be located at breaks in the banding at 4 places, equally spaced


around tank and 10 m in total length for all 4 places for each of Arabic and English.

C. At Contractors request, a sample detail of the bands and lettering schedule will be
furnished by the Royal Commission.

D. Potable Water Tanks

1. The color of the finish coat to be applied to the tank exterior steel or concrete
surfaces shall be light blue. The color of the bands and lettering shall be dark
blue.

E. Irrigation Water Tanks

1. The color of the finish coat to be applied to the tank exterior steel or concrete
surfaces shall be "Celtic green." The color of bands and lettering shall be
white.

3.03 SURFACE PREPARATION

A. General

1. All surfaces shall be dry when coated and cleaned from dirt, dust. sand, mud,
oil, grease, rust, mill scale, and other substances that may interfere with proper
{ adhesion of coating. However, in case of difficult areas where proper surface
preparation cannot be achieved, the Contractor shall use special primers with
) rust inhibitors or use rust conversion primers as approved by the Royal
Commission. Primers applied over such areas shall be very highly viscous and
1 highly penetrating.

2. If removal of existing coating is required, the surfaces shall first receive

l. pressure water blasting for cleaning, and then· the coating shall be removed
using methods approved by the Royal Commission. If removal of existing lining
is performed on isolated small areas, vacuum waste equipment shall be used
without causing damage to surrounding coating.

3. When top coating existing coated areas, the new coating materials shall be
compatible with the original coating system. Surface preparation of sound
existing coating, which will be top coated, shall be carried out as approved by
the coating material's manufacturer and the Royal Commission. Any
requirements for cleaning by pressure washing or abrading by sweep blasting
shall be carried out at pressure that will not damage the existing coating.
{
4. The compressed air supply shall be free of moisture, oil and other
contaminants. Blotter tests shall be performed in accordance with
{ ASTM 04285 at the start and every 4 hours of operations. The Contractor
shall provide traps, separators and dehumidifiers and other equipment as
required to maintain the required air quality.

5. Blast air pressure shall be 580 to 690 kPa at the nozzle. Nozzles shall be
10 mm venture carbide. The pressure shall be verified regularly with
hypodermic needle air pressure gage.
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Rev.E 09960-1-32 Contract No. 097-C78
SECTION 09960-1
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-,
) 6. Abrasive blasting shall not be performed when the temperature of air or
surface to be coated is below 5°C, when the relative humidity exceeds 80% or
when the surface temperatures is less than 3oc above the dew point.

7. The Contractor shall indicate the surface profile achieved on steel surfaces.
Surface profile may be assessed using replica tape.

8. After blasting and/or grinding just prior to application of coatings, all debris and
dust remaining on the cleaned surface and adjoining surface shall be removed
by suction cleaner methods to leave a clean surface.

9. Emulsion cleaning or water blasting may be used to remove chalky, friable


portions of existing coating systems, grease, dirt, deleterious chemicals, and
other contaminants. Cleaning solutions shall be of the type that will not cause
damage to coating or substrate.

10. The use of solvent-type cleaner shall not be permitted. If oil, grease etc., has
contaminated a surface, it shall be removed by use of an approved emulsion
cleaner, flushing with clean (potable grade) water and complete drying before
blast-cleaning .
I
11 . In repairing isolated damaged coating, feathering shall be performed at
repaired areas so that there is a fairly smooth transition from the repair area to r
the sound coating. Recommendation given in NACE RP0184 shall be followed
for feathering repair areas.

12. At all times after cleaning, the Contractor shall protect both cleaned and
painted surfaces from contamination and damage from any cause whatsoever,
including contact between the surface and human skin, clothing or other fabric
or sweat drops or other substances.

13. In repairing isolated damaged coating, the same original. number of coats and {
coat thickness shall be applied during the repair procedure. In small repair
areas, application of coating by brush is permissible; however, large isolated
areas shall be coated by spraying, except the primer shall be applied by brush.
The coating shall be applied from the substrate out over the feathered edge of
the coating and on to a lightly abraded area beyond the feathered edge.

14. Painters and their assistants and inspectors who necessarily have to walk on
or traverse cleaned floor surfaces shall wear soft soled footwear, and all such
traffic shall be kept to a minimum.

15. Blast cleaning or other surface preparation shall not be performed at the same
time as painting or whenever flammable vapor from paint solvents may be
present in the atmosphere.
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16. If not specified, all surface defects such as blemish, cracks, etc., shall be filled
with an approved filler material. The method of application shall be as
approved by the manufacturer.
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B. Ferrous Metal (Steel) Surfaces
l
1. All steel surfaces shall be prepared for coating by being thoroughly cleaned by
blasting as specified in this Specification. The surface profile after blast
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Rev.E 09960-1-33 Contract No. 097-C78
SECTION 09960-1
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cleaning shall be in the range 35 to 75 micron. Other surface preparation may


be proposed by Contractor for approval by the Royal Commission.

2. The primer shall be applied within 4 hours of blast cleaning and before any
surface deterioration occurs.

3. Shop primed and galvanized surfaces shall be cleaned of oil, grease and other

I contaminants by cleaning agent, rinsed and allowed to dry before further


surface preparation or coating operations.

4. Surface of welds shall be ground smooth as necessary to remove all slag and
I weld spatter. Sharp points and edges shall be rounded to radius of 3 mm or
greater before coating. The use of chipping tools which produce cuts, burrs, or
excessive roughness is not acceptable. Paint made brittle by heat of welding,
or which has been otherwise damaged, shall be removed and the edges of
f undamaged paint feather-edged so that patches will not be noticeable when
the painting has been completed. Before any field painting is done, all field
welded seams and joints, together with all surface of plates and structural
members not previously painted and surfaces from which damaged paint has
been removed, shall be prepared for painting by blasting. All lapped joints shall
be sealed internally to eliminate crevices.

5. Maintenance of pinpoint rusting of coatings shall be carried out by removing


the coating over the pinpoint rusting areas. Other surface preparation and
coating requirements shall be as specified in this Specification.

r 6. Grinding shall also be used to smooth off all sharp edges and rough welding
) seams and to remove spatters on welded details.

l 7. Surface cleaning after possible grinding and degreasing prior to hot dip
galvanizing shall be made by pickling and washing in water.

l C. Galvanized Metals (Steel)

1. New Galvanized Metals (Steel)

a) Clean unpainted galvanized metal surfaces of all oil, grease, and other
contaminants in accordance with the applicable requirements of SSPC-
SP1 "Solvent Cleaning" and pretreatment in accordance with SSPC-PT2
"Cold Phosphate Surface Treatment," prime with Polyamide epoxy
primer and Polyurethane topcoat finish paint with UV protection coating
system.

l 2. Corroded Galvanized Metals (Steel)

a) Clean and prime existing painted galvanized metal surfaces in


accordance with the requirements of SSPC-SP1 "Solvent Cleaning"
r followed by preparation of any abraded or corroded areas methods
complying with SSPC-SP2 "Hand Tool Cleaning" or SSPC-SP3 "Power
Tool Cleaning" and primer as herein before specified.
{
3. Repair of Existing Galvanized Metals (Steel)

a) Clean unpainted galvanized metal surfaces of all oil, grease, and other
l

t Rev.E 09960-1-34 Contract No. 097-C78


SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

contaminants in accordance with the applicable requ irements of SSPC-


SP1 "Solvent Cleaning" and pretreat in accordance with SSPC-PT2
"Cold Phosphate Surface Treatment," prime with a zinc dust, zinc oxide,
or alkyd paint.

4. Prior to application of subsequent coats, thoroughly clean all surfaces to


ensure the removal of any grease, soil , dust, or foreign matter. Take particular
care to prevent the contamination of cleaned surfaces with salt, acids, alkali or
other corrosive chemicals before prime coating and between subsequent coats
of paint.

5. Application of new paint on existing paint on Galvanized Metals (Steel). Clean


and prime existing painted galvanized metal surfaces in accordance with the
requirements of SSPC-SP1 "Solvent Cleaning" followed by preparation of any
abraded or corroded areas by methods complying with SSPC-SP2 "Hand Tool
Cleaning" and primer as herein before specified.

D. Concrete Surfaces

1. Coatings shall be applied to the concrete surfaces only after the concrete has
completely cured.

2. Surface Condition

a) Existing coatings shall be removed to the extent identified on Contract


Drawings by abrasive blast cleaning. When coating new concrete
surfaces, laitance and efflorescence shall be removed from concrete
f
surfaces by blast cleaning. Care shall be taken to ensure that
aggregates are not unduly exposed during the cleaning process.
Unsound concrete containing defects such a cracks, spalling and large
cavities shall be repaired prior to the application of primer sealer, using
l
concrete repair procedures approved by the Royal Commission. The
concrete surface shall be free from sharp protrusions which would
reduce coating thickness locally.

b) Minor surface defects in the concrete shall be repaired in accordance


with par. 3.03 0 .3 below before the application of the primer sealer. l
c) After all blast cleaning and repairs to unsound concrete have been
completed by approved procedures, the concrete surfaces shall be
swept to remove loose debris and dust particles. All concrete surfaces to
(
be coated shall be washed free of salt. Any oil/grease contamination
shall be removed using degreasing agents. Further contamination of
surfaces prior to the application of the primer sealer coat shall be
avoided.
l
d) Areas of concrete repairs must be dry. The primer sealer coat shall be
applied immediately after vacuum cleaning of the surfaces to remove
dust and debris and within 3 days of blast cleaning. Moisture levels of all
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concrete (existing and repaired) shall be less than 5% to a depth of
approximately 75 mm . The actual depth and the method of moisture
measurement shall be in accordance with the coating manufacturer
recommendations and shall be approved by the Royal Commission.
l
)
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Rev.E 09960-1-35 Contract No. 097-C78
{
(
SECTION 09960-1
I HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

3. Test Area
f
a) An acceptable in-situ concrete test area representative of the overall
tank surface condition shall first be prepared to establish the required
level and degree of surface preparation. A minimum of concrete surface
preparation acceptance level shall be established on colored
photographs of the test area after approval by the Royal Commission.

4. Surface Filling

a) Exposed holes, blemishes, and similar surface defects shall be filled


with an approved epoxy mortar. The method of application shall be as
recommended by the manufacturer.

E. All other Cementitious Materials

1. Prepare cementitious surfaces of cast concrete, glass fiber reinforced


concrete, concrete masonry, cement plaster, and cement-asbestos board to be
painted by removing all efflorescence, chalk, dust, dirt, grease, oils, loose or
excess mortar by roughening as required to remove glaze, or provide sufficient
bite on existing painted surfaces. Wash all cementitious surfaces with a diluted
acid solution of 10 parts water to 1 part muriatic (hydrochloric) acid. Wash
down acid etched surface to neutralize acid and let dry before applying paint.

2. If form oils or incompatible curing compounds are used, the surface shall
receive a sweep sandblast.
( ..
I
3. Determine the alkalinity and moisture content of the surfaces to be painted by
performing appropriate tests. If the surfaces are found to be sufficiently
alkaline to cause blistering and burning of the finish paint, correct this condition
before application of paint.

4. Do not paint over surfaces where· the moisture content" exceeds 5%, unless
1 otherwise permitted in the manufacturer's printed directions.

5. Cut out cracks, holes, indentations and other imperfections in cement plaster
{ surfaces to the extent necessary to provide a good bonding surface; fill with
patching plaster and sand smooth and flush with adjacent surfaces with fine
sandpaper.

f 3.04 APPLICATION OF COAT INGS

{ A. General

1. Coating materials shall not be applied when there is moisture, dirt or other
deleterious material on the surface, when dust is present which can
{ contaminate freshly applied material or when the surface temperature is not in
the range specified in this Section or as recommended by the manufacturer.
The application temperature shall be determined prior to beginning of coating
l operations and every 4 hours afterwards until the application is complete. See
also par. 1.10 in this Specification .

2. The Contractor shall clean surfaces to be painted before applying paint or


l
l Rev.E 09960-1-36 Contract No. 097-C78
SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

surface treatments, and remove oil and grease with clean cloths and cleaning
solvents, prior to mechanical cleaning. Cleaning solvents shall be of low
toxicity with a flashpoint in excess of 40°C. The cleaning and painting shall be
programmed so that dust and other contaminants from the cleaning process
will not fall on wet, newly painted surfaces.

3. Paint shall not be applied, except under shelter, during wet, damp, or foggy
weather or when windblown dust, dirt, debris or insects will collect on freshly
applied paint. See par. 1.10 in this Section for more details.

4. Apply paint and coatings with brush, roller, airless spray, or other acceptable
practice in accordance with the manufacturer's directions and at a uniform rate
that will produce the required DFT.

a) Use brushes best suited for the type of material being applied.

b) Use rollers of carpet, velvet back, or high pile sheep's wool as


recommended.

c) Sprayed paint shall be uniformly applied with airless suitable equipment.


l
Provide for periodic supervision by representatives of paint
manufacturers.
[
5. Apply materials with care, in strict conformance with the manufacturer's
recommendations and at a uniform rate that will produce the manufacturers
recommended WFT and DFT. WFT shall be checked periodically with a wet \
L
film gage. Coating shall show no runs, holidays, sag, crawls or other defects.
) Finish surface shall be uniform in sheen, color and texture.

6. Spread paints evenly and smoothly without runs, streaks, or other defects.
Make edges of paint adjoining other materials or colors sharp and clean,
l
without overlapping. Allow sufficient time between coats to ensure proper
drying. · [
7. Paint films showing sags, checks, blisters, teardrops or flat edges will not be
accepted . Paint containing any of these defects shall be entirely removed and
the surface repainted. t
8. Do not apply succeeding coats until the previous coat has completely dried.
Allow a minimum of 24 hours between applications on any surface unless
otherwise specified by the coating materials manufacturer.
{
9. Concrete Surfaces

a) If nothing else is mentioned in this Specification, coating shall only be


applied when the surface temperature is in the range recommended by
the manufacturer.

b) Before application of first coat, all concrete surfaces shall be thoroughly


examined to ensure that all voids and surface defects have been
repaired and filled with suitable filler.

Coating shall not be applied on surfaces, which is not fully cured and
l
c)
has not attained the specified strength.
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Rev.E 09960-1-37 Contract No. 097-C78
SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS
f

( ) d) If nothing else is mentioned in this Specification, the concrete surfaces


shall be dry and surface moisture content, measured with moisture
meter, or by plastic sheet method in accordance with ASTM 04263,
shall not exceed 5% on the top 3 mm of the concrete surface.
I e) The cured surfaces shall be visually examined for film defects. Runs,
sags, drips, blistering and any loss of adhesion shall be subject to repair
at Contractor's expense.
f
f) The finish coat shall be dense and of uniform texture and free from
sharp protuberances. Blemishes of any kind covering more than 5% of
l the coated area will result in the rejection of the whole area.

g) Any coat which is rejected after application or which has deteriorated to


such an extent that adhesion cannot be guaranteed for follow-on coat
shall be removed and the surfaces cleaned in accordance with
par. 3.03 0.2 above and recoated in accordance with the preceding
Specification.

B. Glass Fiber Reinforced Lining

1. The surfaces shall be blast cleaned with specified anchor profile and shall be
free of all dust, salts and other contaminants.

2. Unsound areas shall be repaired as conventional concrete surfaces.

3. Apply a coat of epoxy primer/sealer on the surfaces at a rate recommended by


) the manufacturer of paint.

4. Apply an intermediate coat of epoxy to the primed surface. Apply glass fiber
mat and work out all wrinkles, folds and entrapped air by means of ribbed
rollers to ensure full saturatio·n of the mat.

l 5. Abrade the entire surface lightly to remove protruding glass fibers and vacuum
clean the entire surface.

l 6. Apply one more intermediate coat of epoxy to the work surface. Apply glass
fiber tissue mat and embed in the epoxy by means of rollers.

[ 7. Apply a top coat of epoxy.

8. Where bottom floor is included in the lining system, the floor lining shall be
finished after the walls and other areas have been completed. The lining shall
extend to 300 mm above the top of the floor surface.

9. For application of lining on floor, blast to feather into the prelaminated wall
surface. The lamination of the floor shall follow the same application procedure
as specified above.

C. Steel Surfaces

1. The main primer coat shall be applied soon after the steel surfaces have been
blast cleaned. The primer or primary coat shall be applied within 4 hours after
blast cleaning. Care shall be taken to ensure that contamination does not
{

l Rev.E 09960-1 -38 Contract No. 097-C78


SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

spread to areas that have already been prepared.

2. For large surface areas, the sequence of blast cleaning shall be carried out in
stages so that the application of primer occurs within the 4 hours period.
[
3. The Contractor shall ensure that no condensation occurs on blasted steel or
between coats during painting operations.

4. Paint shall be worked into all crevices and corners. All areas such as corners,
edges, welds, small brackets, bolts, nuts and interstices shall receive an
additional stripe coat of the parent coating material to ensure that these areas
have at least the minimum specified film OFT and the continuity of the coating.

D. Tinting

1. The Contractor shall tint each undercoat a lighter shade to facilitate


identification of each coat where multiple coats of the same material will be
applied. The Contractor shall tint undercoats to match the color of the finish
coat, but shall provide sufficient differences in shade of undercoats to
distinguish each separate coat.

E. Alkyd Enamel
(
1. Alkyd enamel coatings shall be applied by brush or by a liquid spray method.

F. Zinc Coating
l
) 1. Steel shall be zinc coated by hot dip galvanizing.

G. Epoxy or Polyurethane Systems (


1. Coatings or epoxy, epoxy bitumen or polyurethane may be applied either by
liquid-spraying, electrostatic powder-spraying ·or by dipping the part to be
coated in a fluidized bed of coating powder.
r
H. Repairing Damaged Paint on Equipment

1. Painted surfaces of equipment which have become damaged prior to


l
acceptance by the Royal Commission shall be repainted with the same or
equivalent paint as that used in the original application.

2. The system of repairing proposed by the Contractor shall be approved by the


Royal Commission.

3. Repairing Damaged Coating on Concrete Tanks


l
a) The Contractor shall protect the newly applied coating from damage.
Where coating was damaged from his operations or from testing, repair r
procedures shall be as follows:
1) Areas of damaged coating shall be mechanically wire brushed to
bare concrete and edges of the sound undamaged coatfng
smoothed with sandpaper to a gentle bevel transition.
l
2) The exposed concrete shall be thoroughly cleaned of all salt or oil
l
Rev.E 09960-1-39 Contract No. 097-C78
SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

deposits and completely dried before recoating.


3) A repair method shall be implemented as recommended by the
manufacturer.
4) Areas of coaling on which concrete or adherent type of matter has
fallen shall be cleaned, washed and, if needed, repaired to its
original condition.

I. Organic Coatings

1. The coating shall have a total dry film thickness of no less than 300 micron and
\ be applied at the place where the pipe material is manufactured either by
liquid-spraying, electrostatic powder-spraying · of by dipping the part to be
coated in a fluidi zed bed of coating powder.

r 2. The coating shall be applied in accordance with the manufacturer's


specification.

3. The coatings shall be free from flaws such as blisters, cracks, voids, missed
spots and pinholes, etc. All flaws shall be carefully repaired.

4. Parts which are to be installed above ground shall be given a white or light-
colored coating in order to keep down surface temperature on exposure to
sunlight.

J. Polythene Encasement
) 1. Straight DCI pipes shall be provided with a polythene encasement as an extra
corrosion protection. This shall be done by enclosing the pipe in loose
{ polythene tubes. The film thickness of the polythene tube shall be not less thC\n
250 micrometers. Both the polythene film and the raw materials used in its
manufacture shall fulfill the requirements stated in . ASTM 01248 and

1 ANSI A21.5.

2. The polythene encasement on straight DCI pipes shall be applied during the
course of pipe laying, in accordance with method A in ANSI A21.5, in order to
( prevent direct contact between the coated pipe and the surrounding water,
soil, backfill and bedding material. Overlaps shall be secured by the use of
adhesive tape or plastic strings.

f. 3. Rips, punctures or other damage to the polythene encasement shall be


repaired with adhesive tape or with short lengths of polyethylene tube cut
open, wrapped around the pipe and secured in place.

4. The polythene tubes during storage and transport, shall be protected from
direct sunlight.

K. Prior to Contract completion, the Contractor shall provide a detailed coating matrix
describing as-built coating systems applied to the facility. This matrix shall be all
inclusive. See par. 1.06 8 for more details.
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t Rev.E 09960-·1-40 Contract No. 097-C78


SECTION 09960-1
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3.05 FIELD QUALITY CONTROL

A. The Contractor shall be responsible for inspection and testing of the areas coated to
verify conformance with the requirements of this Specification.

B. All vessels and/or equipment shall be subjected to inspection by the Royal


Commission or its authorized representative during surface preparation, priming,
coating, testing, curing and repair work. Notice shall be given to the Royal
Commission or its authorized representative at least 24 hours in advance to witness
the testing and/or inspection at predetermined stages of work. These stages shall be
considered as "hold points" and work shall not proceed without compliance with the
test and inspection requirements.

C. The installed coating system shall present smooth workmanlike appearance and
shall be free of voids, blisters, pinholes, cracks, pits, bubbles, soft spots, disbanding,
open seams, lifted edges or any other defects that will impair its usage. Evidence of
poor workmanship shall be cause for rejection.

D. In addition to the requirements for inspection by the Contractor in compliance to


Quality Control, the following particular requirements shall be carried out by the
Contractor:
[
1. Checking (Blast) Cleaned Surfaces

a) Regular mill scale detection tests shall be carried out using the "Copper
Sulfate" method of test.
)
2. Checking WFT

a) Wet Film Thickness gages of an approved type shall · be provided for !


each painter to check the rate of paint application.

3. Checking OFT [
a) The thickness of the built-up dry film after each paint coat applied to
steel or other magnetic surfaces shall be measured systematically, with
an Elcometer dry thickness gage. t
b) The thickness of the built-up dry film after each paint coat applied to
non-magnetic surfaces shall be measured by a pit gage or micrometer.

c) The number and location of test areas for checking of OFT shall be
agreed upon and approved by the Royal Commission before work
commences. All tests shall be witnessed by the Royal Comm ission.
Local areas where continuity of coating surface had been disrupted by
l
testing shall be repaired.

4. Concrete Surfaces l
a) Adhesion testing using an Elcometer or an approved equal pull-off
adhesion tester. An acceptable sample shall retain a layer of concrete
paste.
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Rev.E 09960-1-41 Contract No. 097-C78
f
SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

b) The number and location of test areas for checking adhesion shall be
agreed upon and approved by the Royal Commission before work
commences. All tests shall be witnessed by the Royal Commission.
Local areas where continuity of coating surface had been disrupted by
testing shall be repaired.

5. Steel and Iron Surfaces

l a) The Contractor shall use a suitable Royal Commission approved


method of detecting pinholes in the coating system after trials on test
l. plates. The sweet voltage on high voltage spark testing equipment shall
not exceed half the voltage required to spark through the complete paint
system specified.

b) Coated areas shall be spark tested for "pinholes" leaks using a high
potential spark tester adjusted to 15,000 and 20,000 V or recommended
by the coating manufacturer.

6. Coated surfaces shall be inspected for blisters (trapped air), pulls or lifted
edges at seams and surface defects. Any dimensional tolerances required
should also be checked. All defects noted in the coating shall be repaired and
retested to the satisfaction of the Royal Commission or its authorized
representative.

7. The number of pinholes and surface im perfections repair shall be recorded for
each area or item.

) E. The Royal Commission may engage the services of his designated Independent
Testing Laboratory to sample any of the paint being used. Samples of materials
delivered to the· Project site will take, identified and sealed, and certified in the
presence of the Contractor.

F. The Royal Commission designated Independent Testing Laboratory will perform


1 appropriate tests for any or all of the following characteristics:

1. Abrasion resistance.
l 2. Apparent reflectivity.

3. Flexibility.
1
4. Washability.

l 5. Absorption.

6. Accelerated yellowness.

7. Recoating.

8. Skinning.

9. Color retention.

10. Alkali resistance.


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l Rev.E 09960-1-42 Contract No. 097-C78
SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

11. Quantitative material analysis.

G. If any of the test results show that the material being used does not comply with the
specified requirements, the Contractor shall be directed to stop the painting work and
remove non-complying paint; bear the financial costs associated with laboratory
testing; repaint the surfaces coated with the rejected paint; remove rejected paint
from previously painted surfaces if, upon repainting with the specified paint, the
coatings are non-compatible.

H. Certificates and tests performed throughout the coating operation and all inspection
service involved shall be submitted to the Royal Commission. Documentation shall
consist of, but not be limited to the following :

1. Material supply.

2. Surface inspection.

3. Surface preparation.

4. Coating procedure and application .

5. Inspection and testing of coated areas.

6. Location or identification of area coated or tested.

I. The above documentation shall be dated and signed by the Contractor and submitted
) to the Royal Commission.

J. Inspection, approval and acceptance by the Royal Commission or its authorized


representative will not relieve the Contractor of its obligation to meet requirements
and guarantees specified in par. 1.09 of this Section.
l
3.06 REMEDIAL WORK

A. All damaged coating and other defects shall be repaired to the entire satisfaciion of
the Royal Commission before application of the next coat or before acceptance of the
final coat.
l
B. Areas with inadequate coating thickness shall be thoroughly cleaned and abraded to
provide adequate key for the coating to be applied. Additional compatible coats shall
be applied until the specified film thickness is achieved. The additional coats shall
blend in with the final coat on adjoining areas.

C. Areas with pinholes and excessive holidays shall be blast cleaned to remove
l
defective coating completely and recoated. The recoated area shall carry over on to
the adjoining coating for not less than 50 mm all around and the edges shall be
feathered. [
D. The repair methods shall be as recommended by the coating manufacturer and
approved by the Royal Commission.
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Rev.E 09960-1 -43 Contract No. 097-C78
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SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

3.07 PROTECTION

A. Protect work of other trades, whether to be painted or not. against damage by the
painting and finishing work. Leave all such work undamaged. Correct damages by
cleaning, repairing or replacing, refinishing, or repainting, as necessary and as
acceptable to the Royal Commission.

B. Provide "Wet Paint" signs as required to protect newly painted finishes. Remove
temporary protective wrappings provided by others for protection of their work after
completion of painting operations.

C. Provide sufficient drop cloths, shields and protective equipment to prevent overspray
from surfaces not being painted .

D. Materials which may constitute a fire hazard shall be enclosed in metal containers
and removed from site daily.

E. Remove all electrical plates, surface hardware, fittings and fastenings, prior to paint
application. These items are to be carefully stored, cleaned and re-installed on
completion of work in each area. Do not use solvent that may remove permanent
lacquer finish to clean hardware. Items which are not practical to remove shall be
l taped over. Do not use any tape containing chlorides on stainless steel surfaces.

3.08 CLEAN-UP
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) A. During the progress of the work, remove from the site all discarded paint materials,
rubbish, cans, and rags at the end of each work day.

B. As work proceeds and upon completion of painting work, promptly remove and clean
paint-spattered surfaces. Remove spattered paint by proper methods of washing
and scrapping, using care not to scratch or otherwise <;lamage finished surfaces.

C. At the completion of work of other trades, touch-up and restore all damaged or
defaced painted surfaces.

l D. During progress of work keep premises free from any unnecessary accumulation of
tools, equipment, surplus materials and debris.

1 E. Upon completion of work, leave premises neat and clean, to t11e satisfaction of the
Royal Comm ission.

l F. Potable and Irrigation Water Tanks

1. After completing all works, including testing and painting, the interior of the
tank shall be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected.

2. The Contractor shall not start to clean and disinfect the tank until protective
coatings have fully cured, and in any event not until at least 1 week has
elapsed after completion of all interior coating.

3. Prior to starting any disinfection work, the Contractor shall submit to the Royal
Commission a detailed outline of the procedures proposed, the coordination

Rev.E 09960-1-44 Contract No. 097-C78


SECTION 09960-1
HIGH PERFORMANCE COATINGS

and sequence of operation, and the manner of filling and flushing the tank. All
procedures shall be approved by the Royal Commission.

4. The Contractor shall furnish all cleaning and disinfecting materials and all
equipment and labor necessary for the cleaning and disinfecting operations. All
water used in disinfecting the tank shall be disposed of in a manner acceptable
to the Royal Commission.

5. Water containing 50 mg/ L chlorine shall be placed in the tank to such a depth
that, when the tank is filled, the resultant chlorine content will be at least
2 mg/L, but not more than 3 mg/L.

6. Chlorine shall be added to the aisinfecting solution as hypochlorite. The


disinfecting solution shall be held in the tank for 5 hours before the tank is
filled. The full tank shall be allowed to stand for 24 hours, and if a chlorine
residual of at least 2 mg/L remains, the tank will be accepted as disinfected . If
the chlorine residual is less than 2 mg/L, additional hypochlorite shall be
added, the tank shall be allowed to stand for an additional 24 hours, and the
chlorine residual shall be rechecked.

7. After disinfection the tank access manholes shall be kept closed and personnel
access into the tank shall not be permitted without the express permission in
writing of the Royal Comm ission.

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Rev.E 09960-1-45 Contract No. 097-C78


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