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 Home / Control Systems / Instrumentation Earthing

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Instrumentation Earthing
 S Bharadwaj Reddy  2 Comments

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Why Earthing ?
Earthing Grounding

Earthing is the process of creating an alternative path for the ow of fault/excessive currents safely into the ground in the Grounding System
presence of minimal resistance or impedance.
Earthing Lightning Protection

The primary purpose of earthing is to reduce the risk of serious


Control Electrical Instrumentation
electric shock from current leaking into uninsulated metal parts of an
appliance, power tool, or other electrical devices. In a properly earthed
system, such leaking/fault current is carried away harmlessly while Categories
tripping the fuse. Earthing also provides protection from large
electrical disturbances like lightning strikes and power surges. It also
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aids in the dissipation of hazardous static electrical charges.

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Although most electrical systems have fuses or circuit breakers for protection against a fault current, the human body may be
fatally electrocuted by a current of less than one ampere which is well below the point at which a fuse or breaker will operate.
Earthing helps minimize such hazards from occurring.

Instrument earthing system shall consist of the following earth type:

Electrical earthing (also called dirty earthing or Protective Earthing (PE))


Instrument earthing (also called Reference Earth (RE))
Intrinsically safe earthing

 
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1. Electrical earthing is used to protect the power system, electrical equipment, and personnel from electric shock.
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How to do an electrical earthing?

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Armor of eld instrument cable shall be terminated at cable gland.
Armor of single and multi core cable going to junction box shall be terminated at cable gland. If the junction box made from
metal, then it only needs to connect the earth stud bolt to the nearest steel structure. If the junction box made from non metal,
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the earth stud bolt will be located at the metal gland plates which have direct contact with the cable gland.
Armor of single and multi core cable going inside or outside marshalling and system cabinet shall be terminated and connected
muhammad khan
to a bus bar inside the cabinet. Each bus bar inside the cabinet will be connected to a grounding dispatcher by 35 mmsq cable please guide me about dcs cards...
(usually green – yellow stripped). This grounding dispatcher will collect all connection from individual bus bar and then connect
Farooq
it to aANIMATION
ALL general electrical
BASICSearth
 loop (to structure steel)
MEASUREMENT by a 70SYSTEMS
CONTROL mmsq cable.
 QIn&general used, the earth
A  ELECTRONICS  bus bar is made
ELECTRICAL  from
TOOLS MORE 
What is mttf and mtbf... 
copper and has 1 ½” width and ¼” height. Ritu
Good nformation in this sight...
2. Instrument earth Kalyani bahubali
Very good knowledge........
The general principle of instrument earth is all individual shields (screen) and overall shield (screen) of single or multi pair cable shahzad ali
shall be isolated from electrical earthing and terminated at di erent bus bar. This instrument earth usually also called reference Good...
earth since it serve the reference point of the instrument loop (ground of internal electric circuit inside the instrument). KR
Individual shield (drain wire) of single pair cable shall be terminated at earth or ground terminal block inside the instrument I don't think the diagram makes sense.
enclosure. When assuming burnout...
Individual shield from analog single pair cable going inside the junction box shall be terminated to terminal block. Individual kalidhrashanee
shield from digital single pair cable going inside the junction box shall be terminated to terminal block and jump out each other fantastic explanation. simple and great.
then connect it to bus bar. even non instrument...
Individual shield from multi pair cable going inside the junction box shall be also terminated to terminal block match with the
individual shield from single pair cable.
Overall shield from multi paire analog cable going inside the junction box shall be terminated to terminal block or bus bar
(overall shield at analog cable doesn’t have a pair with the shield from single pair cable). Overall shield from multi pair digital
cable going inside the junction box shall be terminated to bus bar.
All individual and overall shields (screen) from multi pair cable shall be terminated into respective instrument earth bus bar at
marshalling cabinet.
Instrument bus bar will be connected to grounding dispatcher by 25 mmsq green-yellow stripped cable. From grounding
dispatcher, it will be connected to main instrument earth loop by 70 mmsq green-yellow stripped cable.

3. Intrinsically Safe earthing

Isolation and termination of IS eld cable shields (screen) at eld devices, junction boxes and marshalling cabinets shall be done
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in the same manner as for instrument earth explained above. However the overall shield (screen) of multi pair cable for IS
signals goes to marshalling cabinet shall be terminated individually and connected to its IS bus bar. The individual shield
(screen) of this cable will be terminated directly to a galvanic isolator and then connected to the respective IS bus bar.

The following maximum resistance limits shall be achieved after the instrument earthing system installed. This resistance is
minimized as much as possible so the un-normal current can be safely grounded at steel structure.

Between instrument earth bus bars and grounding dispatcher not greater than 0.5 ohm. Inst Tools IOS App
Between electrical equipment frame and nearest local stud earth on structural steel not greater than 1 ohm.
Between intrinsically safe installation and grounding dispatcher not greater than 0.5 ohm.

Also Read: Di erence between DCS & PLC Systems

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