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GSM-R – railway communication

solutions from the market leader


Nokia GSM-R:
The fast track to railway excellence
Communication and control are vital to Unflagging commitment to GSM-R Shaping the future with standards
Nokia designs, builds and maintains Nokia is a leader in mobile comms
railway operators. Conveying information end-to-end solutions that and a charter member of GSM/
on the go, across network boundaries encompass the latest technology GSM-R standardization bodies
developed by experts in railway that drive railway standards such
and international borders and at high communication and GSM-R as ETSI and EIRENE. We support
speeds is key to maximizing operating terminals. The combination of important railway associations, UIC
expertise in mobile communications and European Union Agency for
efficiency. and railway engineering enables Railways, in defining standards for
us to provide the best tailored next generation railway networks.
solutions, making us the first-choice
supplier of voice and data networks. Nokia helps shape GSM-R
strategies, standards, and
Nokia, the world market leader in interoperability principles. To this
GSM-R, offers premium solutions end, we joined forces with leading
comprising telecommunication suppliers in the Railway
consultancy as well as train control Operational Communication
and value-added services such Industry Group and represent this
as automatic ticketing, cargo group in the several bodies at a
tracking, and passenger information European level.
systems. They cover GSM-R
networks’ lifecycle from design,
implementation, and operation to
long-term maintenance.

2 GSM-R – railway communication solutions from the market leader


GSM-R infrastructure (radio/core/data portfolio)

Evolution to GPRS and LTE MoU Steering Committee) makes


GSM-R, based on mature recommendations for GSM-R GSM-R infrastructure
standards, is still evolving with and ETCS implementation across (radio/core/data portfolio) Core
IN
hardware being modernized Europe. As a Railway Operational
accordingly. IP transport, included Communications Industry Group
in R4 core networks, is now also (ROC-IG) delegate to the European
BSC
available in mobile backhaul that Union Agency for Railways, we
BTS BTS BTS
connects base stations. drive GSM-R standardization, and
Cab radio Dispatcher
are regular members of both the equipment
Our GSM-R system integrates ERTMS Control-Command and
GPRS and EDGE and is therefore Signaling Working Party (CCS WP) Handheld, shunting terminals

ready for evolution towards packet and the Control Group (CG). The Approved end-to-end solution for 20 countries
data in railway networks. Nokia International Union of Railways (UIC)
expects the next generation forms various GSM-R expert groups
1 © 2016 Nokia Confidential

railway telecommunication system tasked to propose modifications, and integrating GSM-R solution and a wealth of features. Satisfying
to be based on LTE technology, amendments, and improvements components. Now all GSM-R demanding railway reliability
the dominant mobile broadband to the GSM-R specification and interfaces are standardized, requirements, they deliver geo-
communication technology not interoperability tests. Additionally operators have access to an open, redundancy for the whole portfolio
only for the public market, but also we lead all relevant railway interoperable and international for disaster-proof operation even
for mission-critical public safety standardization in 3GPP and system that brings considerable in the event of fire, flooding or
communications with its similarities ETSI (TC RT). savings. earthquake.
to railway communications.
Our engagement in standardized Top reliability for mission-critical
Trendsetter in standardization interfaces is in response to the communications
The ERTMS stakeholder platform needs of railway operators that Our mobile core is one of the
under the control of the European operate across borders and most reliable on the market. Nokia
Union Agency for Railways (which who wish to be able to deal with GSM-R core network components
replaces the former ERTMS different vendors for buying deliver dependability, scalability

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GSM-R infrastructure contracts

Nokia was first in the lab with GSM-R Sweden, Trafikverket Italy, Rete Ferroviaria Italiana and
Sweden’s national railway Banverket SIRTI Highspeed
technology, and with commercial projects commissioned a GSM-R network Italy’s national railway operator
in 20 countries to credit, we are also first in 1998, with the world’s first awarded a contract in 2002 for a full
commercial deployment following turnkey GSM-R system. High-speed
in the field. Covering tens of thousands in 2000. Today a nationwide voice lines are now running from Rome to
of track kilometers, countless tunnels and data system is up and running, Naples, Turin to Milan and Milan to
and cross-border tests with Nordic Bologna.
and untold trains, Nokia GSM-R serves countries have met success.
railways in Europe, the Middle East, Switzerland, SBB
Netherlands, Pro Rail SBB opted for a nationwide GSM-R
Australia and Asia. Several tracks are equipped project covering main lines in 2002,
with ETCS, such as the 200 km implemented in five phases over the
high speed line. The project, ensuing years. The first lines are up
encompassing switching centers, IN and running with full ETC operation.
systems, GPRS radio base stations, In 2016, the Gotthard Base Tunnel
VMS and SMS, was completed in opened, with Nokia playing a
2004. pivotal role by deploying the entire
communications network for
Spain, ADIF mission-critical operational and
ADIF used Nokia for its first GSM-R passenger services.
implementation, consisting of a
redundant Core Network and the Belgium, Infrabel/SNCB
Madrid-Barcelona High Speed In 2003, Infrabel/SNCB chose
Line in 2000. Subsequently, Nokia Nokia as the turnkey supplier for
extended its solutions to major a nationwide GSM-R system. The
cities, as well as the suburban rail contract encompasses all GSM-R
networks of Madrid and Barcelona. network elements and professional

4 GSM-R – railway communication solutions from the market leader


services. In 2012, it was agreed to an additional contract for the and Communication Corporation
extend the network with Flexi Base Ghaziabad- Mughalsarai section of awarded Nokia a deal to provide the
Stations. North Central Railways was awarded GSM-R network for a high-speed line
to Nokia. connecting Wuhan and Guangzhou.
Finland, LiVi
In 2003, Likennevirasto In 2012 Indian Railways selected Nokia’s first project was the line
commissioned Nokia to set up Nokia to equip the Kolkata metro from Jinan to Qingdao in 2004, with
a countrywide GSM-R network line GSM-R infrastructure. others including the Beijing-Tianjin
including line communication, high-speed line, the Wuhan-
shunting and maintenance. The roll- In 2016 Nokia signed a contract Guangzhou line and the JingHu line
out was completed in December with Alstom Systems India Pvt Ltd from Beijing to Shanghai.
2011. for the Eastern Dedicated Freight
Corridor (EDFC) covering 343 km Saudi Arabia, Saudi Railway
Norway, Jernbaneverket from Bhaupur to Khurja. Saudi Railway Organization
The Norwegian rail administration contracted the Dammam to Riyadh
Jernbaneverket opted for Nokia Germany, Deutsche Bahn line in 2005. The first GSM-R/ETCS
to roll out a national GSM-R In 2008, DB AG awarded Nokia project in the Middle East, this
system comprising more than 650 a contract to extend its GSM-R milestone in modern train control
tunnels. The contract covers all communication system including was jointly achieved by Nokia and
GSM-R network elements, CAB delivery, installation and integration Siemens Transportation.
radios for locomotives, and all civil of a GSM-R radio solution. In 2015
engineering works. DB Netz AG awarded Nokia an Saudi Arabia, North-South
8-year deal to modernize its GSM-R Mineral Line
India, NFR, ECR, NCR, NR network in southern Germany. In 2009, the North-South Railway
India’s Ministry of Railways kicked GSM-R contract was awarded which
off the first of several projects to China, Ministry of Railways covers an area linking northern
equip large parts of the rail network In 2007, the Chinese Ministry of Saudi Arabia with the Gulf Coast
with GSM-R infrastructure. In 2010 Railways and China Railway Signaling and Riyadh.

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6 GSM-R – railway communication solutions from the market leader
Greece, ERGOSE SA Australia, PTV Victoria Poland, PKP Polskie Linie Kolojewe
ERGOSE SA set out to build a The Department of Transport PKP is modernizing its high speed
GSM-R network on the main Victoria picked Nokia to upgrade routes E-65 linking Warsaw with
north-to-south line in 2006. Nokia its analog railway communications the northern Baltic port of Gdynia
supplied the full turnkey GSM-R and roll out Australia’s first digital and E-20. For E-65 Nokia will
solution, including base stations, GSM-R system. provide GSM-R radio network
core network, IN, GPRS and railway equipment, including base stations,
tunnel communication solution and Denmark, Banedanmark base station controller and the
services, as well as a three-year In June 2010 Banedanmark, transmission backbone, as well
network operation contract. selected Nokia to implement a as the dispatchers and hand-held
country wide GSM-R network under terminals.
Turkey, TCDD a turnkey agreement.
TCDD opted for the full GSM-R As a separate project, Nokia will also
solution, including base stations, The GSM-R network went live in help extend ETCS Level 2 system
a core network, IN, and advanced January 2013, meeting the original based on GSM-R radio over a link
tunnel communication solution and time schedule. between E-65 and Gdansk Airport.
services from Nokia. Completed As for E-20, Nokia will provide
in 2008, this joint project with Romania (CFR) GSM-R radio equipment including
Siemens covers the high-speed line The project pilots the European Rail 49 base stations, a base station
between Ankara and Eskisehir. Traffic Management System (ERTMS) controller.
on the Buftea – Periş – Crivina –
Tunisia, SNCFT Brazi line. Nokia is providing two
In 2008, the Tunisian Railway SNCFT core and Intelligent Networks, ten
chose Nokia to deploy a nationwide BTSs, two BSCs and appropriate
GSM-R network, with the first transport, services for network
stretch running from Tunis to Sfax. integration, a three year care phase
and delivery.

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The leading GSM-R solution

The Nokia GSM-R solution comprises Geographic redundant R4 core the operator, in combination with
Nokia geographic redundant sophisticated pooling and load
various state-of-the-art elements that platforms include redundant sharing, a disaster tolerant system.
are utilized both here and in many hardware, functional units, data Resilience mechanisms like MSS
storage and software. Different pooling, MGW cluster with virtual
other Nokia communications solutions core network elements are based MGW concept and multihoming
worldwide. These elements are flexible on the same common COTS for BSC and SIGTRAN connections,
hardware platform like ATCA, HP or ensure there is no single point of
and interconnect with one another for others. failure in the R4 system.
maximum flexibility with reliability and
The Nokia GSM-R Core is fully GPRS network
availability. Interworking with other based on the most modern open The GPRS network, allowing the
vendors is proven in interoperability test core (MSS-server, MGW, GGSN, subscriber to access packet data
campaigns. SGSN) and virtualized platforms. services, employs two nodes,
This allows the implementation of the Gateway GPRS Support Node
multiple nodes on multi-purpose (GGSN) and the Serving GPRS
hardware. Support Node (SGSN). These
enhance the network to fulfil ETCS
Open Mobile softswitching for level 2 requirements. The Nokia
railways with zero outage GGSN is a highly intelligent node
Nokia MSC/VLR is delivered as providing enhanced functionality
R4 Architecture compliant MSS such as QoS control at application
and MGW. This allows railways to level.
use IP technologies and offers

8 GSM-R – railway communication solutions from the market leader


Intelligent Network and NT HLR/ Location Dependent Addressing
Site 1 Site 2
One NDS (eLDA) calls with exact train
NetAct
TM
NetActTM
The Intelligent Network (IN) also position, on-board functional
known as Railway@vantage calling and more. NT HLR NT HLR
provides an EIRENE (European and IN and IN
Integrated radio Enhanced Network) SIM Profile Management can be
IP backbone
standard compliant feature set for optionally integrated.
GSM-R networks: GPRS GPRS
• EIRENE numbering support, i.e. NT HLR (OneNDS) and IN
Follow Me Functional Node (FFN) system are built on server blade
functionality enabling functional architecture, making maximum
MSS & MSS &
numbering and administration via use of virtualization.
MGW MGW
USSD
• Basic Location Dependent Nokia is using its globally
Addressing (LDA) successful geo-redundant
• Additional administration and subscriber database OneNDS. 1
authorization functions (such as This can be distributed via two or MSS
Access Matrix) more geographical locations in
combination with the HLR front
Railway@vantage also provides end to deliver an HLR with no GGSN
many smart optional features to single point of failure.
support the operational needs of
railway operators. These include MGW
an Acknowledgment Center (ACKC)
integrated in the IN, a direct
n
interface to railway positioning
SGSN
elements allowing enhanced

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Radio equipment. This caters for most (QoS). The backhaul is a converged
The Base Station Controller (Flexi railway tunnels (about 80 percent), IP/MPLS and optical networking
BSC) and the Transcoder and reducing complexity and OPEX infrastructure for GSM-R and other
Rate Adaption Unit (TRAU) are considerably while increasing applications. It provides IP/MPLS
implemented on one platform. network quality. VPN services, flexible deployment
Railways can choose delivery as topology support, and multi-
separate elements or combined Two Flexi Base Station types are fault resiliency. Its many security
in one node. For interconnection, available for railways - 2G Flexi features such as encryption and
copper or fiber may be used, with EDGE Base Station and the latest firewalls ensure protection for both
the choice of SDH, PDH and IP. This Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station. the network infrastructure and
supports full IP connectivity for application traffic.
Flexi Base Stations, making the The Nokia Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Network Management
solution both cost-effective and Station supports flexible migration The Nokia NetAct® platform uses Microwave transmission
future-proof. needs from GSM-R to Future all element managers and features The Nokia 9500 Microwave Packet
Railway Mobile Communication umbrella management that includes Radio (MPR) product portfolio
Nokia Flexi Base Station’s modular System (FRMCS) with the same enhanced performance monitoring offers a wide range of deployment
design makes site acquisition and hardware for GSM-R and LTE. and disaster management. solutions, including full outdoor
installation easier, speeds up the With the Flexi Multiradio 10 Base configuration for easy installation.
roll out of network coverage in a Station, railway operators can Fixed backhaul
new area and enables existing site benefit from RF resource sharing Nokia offers a suite of IP/MPLS and
space to be re-used. between both radio access optical transport products with
technologies. In addition, the base high reliability, robust security, and
The unit can even be distributed station offers flexible distributed deterministic quality of service
over multiple sites to meet Remote Radio Head (RRH)
coverage needs. For example, the deployments to optimize network
Nokia Tunnel Solution provides planning, improve handover
coverage for short and medium performance and for installation
length tunnels with no additional in tunnels.

10 GSM-R – railway communication solutions from the market leader


Value-added • Broadcast point in BSS/Transcoder in MGW
services • Up to 20 dispatcher/group call
• 1 CHM and 1.5 CHM even in the same network
• Application data (for shunting)
• Enhanced railway emergency call

EIRENE • Functional and location-dependent addressing


functionality • High-priority call confirmations
• High-speed: 500 km/h

GSM enhancements • Voice group call service


for railways (by ETSI) • Voice broadcast service
• Enhanced multi-level precedence and pre-emption

ETSI GSM functionality • All functionalities can be used with GSM-R

Nokia GSM-R: Value added services on top of a fully standard compliant solution.

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Bringing unity with ERTMS Acknowledgement Center, allowing eventually be deployed across
Now that GSM-R has been selected fault analysis after the incident. entire continents. Its total
as the data carrier for the ETCS Cab Radios from partner companies interoperability and compatibility
signaling system standard, it is an play a vital role within the GSM-R will vastly improve the safety and
integral component of the ERTMS system. These incorporate all the speed of all railway operational
(European Rail Traffic Management EIRENE standards, ensuring safe, services. And train drivers will
System, comprising both GSM-R easy and efficient operation in any be able to communicate freely
and ETCS). The benefits are rail network equipped with GSM-R. throughout their journeys,
considerable, for example, a With the introduction of ETCS over regardless of the country they
continuous flow of information IP (GPRS) GSM-R is able to provide happen to be in.
can now be provided to on-board efficient capacity for mission-critical
computers for calculating speed data transmission.
and braking profiles.
Safety features
Communication between drivers GSM-R improves the security,
and other parties is handled reliability and safety of rail services.
by staff operating from control For instance, it significantly
centers, using a Dispatcher Terminal enhances communication with
that makes the most of GSM-R’s trains passing through tunnels,
advantages. In the event of an affording far greater safety in
emergency, calls are recorded by an case of emergencies. GSM-R will

12 GSM-R – railway communication solutions from the market leader


The Nokia performance promise and more promising business IN Intelligent Networks
Nokia GSM-R solutions help railway opportunities that come courtesy LTE Long Term Evolution Coms
companies provide better, safer of open standards. GSM-R has standard
service at lower operational cost. never sounded better. MORANE Mobile Railway radio
We are a partner with a genuine Network for Europe
interest in making railways more Abbreviations OPEX Operational Expenditure
attractive, efficient, and profitable.
ASCI Advanced Speech Call Items ROC IG Railway Operational
We have the skills and portfolio to BSC Base Station Controller Communication Industry Group
deliver the full end-to-end package BTS Base Transceiver Station SMS Short Message Service
to your doorstep, and the financial CIU Central Integration Unit UIC International Railway Union
strength to invest heavily in R&D. EDGE Enhanced Data rates for GSM VBS Voice Broadcast Service
Evolution VGCS Voice Group Call
What’s more, we have the consulting EIRENE European Integrated Railway COTS Commercial Off The Shelf
expertise and insight required radio Enhanced Network ATCA® Advanced
to create smart business models eMLPP Enhanced Multi-Level Telecommunications Computing
that smooth the way to success. Precedence and Preemption Architecture (or AdvancedTCA®)
And we have the communications EUAR European Union Agency for PBX Private Branch Exchange
technology, turnkey experience, Railways RBC Radio Block center
logistical reach and railway ERTMS European Rail Traffic
engineering know-how to deliver. Management System
ETCS European Train Control
Start with the solution you need System
now. As demand grows, you can ETSI European Telecommunications
easily satisfy your organization’s Standards Institute
need for communication power by GPRS General Packet Radio Service
growing the solution as you go. And GSM Global System for Mobile
benefit from the lower cost, higher communications
safety, greater freedom of choice, GSM-R GSM for Railways

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