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SCIENCE VOCABULARY

Physical Science the branches of Science including Physics, Chemistry, Astronomy and Geometry i.e. the study
Physical Science
the branches of Science including Physics, Chemistry, Astronomy
and Geometry i.e. the study of nature, energy and non-living matter
Physics
the science of matter and energy and the interaction between the
two
Biology
the science of life and of living organisms, including their structure,
function, growth, origin, evolution, and distribution
Botany
the science and study of plants
Zoology
the study of animals and animal life
Ecology
the science of the relationships between organisms and their
environments
Genetics
the branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in plants
and animals

THE ENVIRONMENT

Oxygen

the gas that we need to inhale in order to survive

Carbon dioxide

plants absorb this gas from the atmosphere, and people exhale it when breathing

Ozone

a poisonous gas found high in the earth’s atmosphere. This layer protects the earth from the sun’s radiation.

Greenhouse effect

the natural process by which the atmosphere traps some of the Sun's energy, warming the Earth enough to support life

smog

a mixture of fog, smoke and chemical fumes

Global warming

the observed and projected increases in the average temperature of Earth's atmosphere and oceans

fossil fuel

petroleum, coal, or natural gas, derived from living matter of a previous geologic time and used for fuel

non-renewable

an energy source, such as oil or natural gas, or a natural resource, that is not replaceable after it has been used

SCIENCE VOCABULARY

PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY

gravity

the natural force of attraction exerted by the earth

friction

the rubbing of one object or surface against another

resistance

a

force that tends to oppose or slow down motion

acceleration

increasing speed

force

a

push or a pull

tension

the act of stretching

compression

the act of pressing together

equation

statement showing the equality of two mathematical expressions, or a representation of a chemical reaction

a

catalyst

substance that causes or accelerates a chemical reaction without itself being affected

a

acid

something that has a pH below 7.0

alkaline

something that has a pH above 7.0

pH

the symbol relating to hydrogen ion (H+) concentration. Below 7.0 is acidic and above 7.0 is alkaline.

SCIENCE VOCABULARY

BIOLOGY

condensation

the process when something changes from a gas to a solid

dehydration

the process of removing water

DNA

a

nucleic acid which contains genetic information about the human body

cell

the smallest structural unit of an organism that is capable of independent

functioning

genes

the basic biological units of heredity

clone

a

cell or organism that is a genetically identical copy

parasite

plant or an animal organism that lives in or on another and takes its nourishment from that other organism

a

ANIMALS

vertebrate

an animal with a backbone or spinal column

invertebrate

an animal without a backbone or spinal column

mammal

warm-blooded vertebrate animals, which have hair on their skin and milk producing glands in the female, like humans

a

amphibian

cold-blooded smooth skinned vertebrate, that is capable of living in land and on water, like a frog

a

arachnid

an animal with 4 pairs of legs, and a body divided into 2 segments, like spiders and scorpions

reptile

a cold-blooded egg-laying vertebrate, like a snake and crocodile

insect

a bug, like a fly, bee or ant

carnivore

an animal that mainly eats meat

herbivore

an animal that mainly eats plants

omnivore

an animal that eats meat and plants

predator

an animal that attacks and kills other animals for food