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1.

People attend school for many different reasons (for example, expanded knowledge, societal awareness, and
enhanced interpersonal relationships). Why do you think people decide to go to school? Use specific reasons and
examples to support your answer.

School is a social institute that is created for purpose to educate people. People always tried to gain knowledge,
because knowledge is the way to success. However, there are other reasons why people attend school and I write
about it.
First of all, knowledge is the main reason why people go to school. We use knowledge everywhere. Acquired
knowledge are used not only at job. We also take advantages of knowledge to open the mind. As well, knowledge
and skills are useful to solve life problems.
In addition to this, people socialize and prepare to life at the school. Many children have first social interactions
with other people besides our family at school. Here people make friends, they develop interpersonal relationship
and moreover they find their first love. Only at school people understand how to behave in society and how to
follow the rules. Many people faced first hardships at school that prepared scholars to adult life.
Finally, I think that going to school is privilege. Almost all people can’t choose go to school or miss it. There is a
taboo in society that people have to go to the school if they don’t visit it society would consider them less
respectable, less intelligent or that they are extra people.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why people go to school. They do it to acquire knowledge, to get
base skills, adjust to life and finally, because they are forced to go there.

Total words: 255


2. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Coaches are the best teachers. Use specific reasons and
examples to support your answer.

We always meet such words as teacher, mentor, guide, trainer and coach. All of them have in common that they
facilitate us. Some people think that there is no difference between trainer and coach. However, it has, they have
different primary functions and roles. Nevertheless, I consider that coaches are the best teacher. Now, I’ll explain
why.
Teacher is a person who teaches something to a group of people. The examples of such group we can meet
everywhere at school, university, job, etc. Teacher is also responsible for managing the discipline and supporting
the organization within a group. He is interested in pupil’s digestibility of the material, its understanding and his
concernment to subject.
A coach is a person who enlarges the skills of pupil that he actually has in the certain field. A coach offers advices
to pupil on the basis of his strength, knowledge and skills. Coach often acts as a psychologist and he investigates
the strengths and weaknesses of student. He tries to empower his student as much as he can. Coaches are useful
everywhere, not only in sport as many people think.
Coach is the best educator because he studies student individually. Coach is the best motivator, because he
teaches us to be aspiring to victory, to be strong, hardworking, responsible and goal-seeking. We usually lead to
advices of coaches more than teacher’s. Teacher only give and explain the information not more.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why coaches are the best teachers. They act as physiologist,
motivator and skills’ improver.

Total words: 259


3. Nowadays, with the invention of the microwave and with the popularity of fast food restaurants, food has
become easier to prepare than ever. Do you think microwave ovens and fast food restaurants are beneficial to
society? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

Progress doesn’t stop and we can’t break it. Modern technology simplifies conditions of life. In the past people
couldn’t imagine even the half things that we own today. We did a huge jump in all spheres of modern life
especially food industry. Thanks to invention of the microwave and other equipments that helps us to prepare
food as fast as we can, on account of this I think that these inventions are beneficial to society.
Most of us use microwaves, because first of all it is the fastest way to prepare food. This advantage can help you
not only when you’re hungry, but also when somebody suddenly comes to you and you don’t have ready food. The
second reason is that in spite of that microwave use radioactive waves to prepare food, the prepared food is not
harmful to your health, because all dangerous microbes are perished.
Fast food restaurant is the type of restaurant when you find table, order and get meal by yourself. Every day they
become more and more popular by some reasons as the food is cheaper than in usual restaurant, you don’t need
to look forward to waiter and meal and the last reason is you shouldn’t pay tip.
Different activists are against new innovations such as microwaves or fast food restaurants because they think that
people get lazier and passive due to comfort. According to their opinion, if there a disaster or collapse, people
wouldn’t be able to prepare food by themselves.
Summarazing my writing, I think that I could explain why microwave and fast food restaurants are useful to
people.

Total words: 267

4. It has been said, "Not all learning takes place in the classroom." Compare and contrast knowledge gained from
personal experience with knowledge gained from classroom instruction. In your opinion, which source is more
important? Why?

People always strieves for knowledge because knowledge is necessary to people to survive. All basic knowledge
people get at school, college or university. But there are people who are not satisfied with information that they
get at educational institutions. I think that it is important to learn new things outside of classroom.
First of all, I think that not all knowledge that is gained in the classroom would be useful in future life. For example,
I study on the course of business administration and i’m interested in everything that is connected to business,
finance and management. But we also study political science, history, culturology, that are not important to me
and they take much more time to learn than the main subjects.
In addition to this, when you apply to job, in some cases employer will not look only to your knowledge that you
got at school or university, but he will be interested in your additional skills. From one point of view, it is not fair,
that employer which hires people without job experience require additional knowledge. But they explain it that
inteligent person will know not only things that he learnt in classroom.
Finally, there are some people who studies for a specific speciality, but they want to learn related specialities. For
example, as I said before I study on the course of business, but It doesn’t stop me to learn programming and
design, because I wish to be a multi-profile specialist.
There are a variety of source for learning. Majority of my friends go to different courses or read special books, but I
use video tutorials that I download from internet.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why not all learning takes place in the classroom and why
people should study not only in the classroom.

Total words: 302


5. Your government has announced that it wishes to build a military base near your community. Discuss the
advantages and disadvantages of this new influence on your community. Do you support or oppose the military
base?

All countries should have own defense system. Despite the fact that in the end of 20th century and in the beginning
of 21th century war the number of wars has decreased. Unfortunately, wars still occur. Because of this, countries
continue to buy military equipment and build military bases. I think that there are more disadvantages than
advantages.
First of all, military bases are potential goal of hostile forces. If war begins the military objects would be attacked
first and if they are located near communities, people would be in big danger. I think that military bases should be
located in strategic places near borders, near main road crossing spots, but not near cities or where people live.
Second reason is that military bases are often noisy and sometimes dirty places. Constant roar of engines, constant
shouts and pollution of the air are only few reasons. Different toxic chemical gases are diffuses near some military
bases which sometimes results in death of inhabitants of community.
However, despite the fact, that there are disadvantages of placing bases near human settlements, we also should
speak about advantages. Sometimes people from local community can get a job in a military base. The additional
advantage is that in places where military bases are located has less criminal level than in the other areas. That’s
because military bases create psychological effect on criminals.
Nevertheless there are disadvantages and advantages of military bases, I think that military bases should not be
settled near people’ communities. They should be located in more important and away from the people places.

Total words: 261

6. If you could change one important thing about your country, what would you change? Use reasons and specific
examples to support your answer.

There is no ideal place to live. Each country and place has own advantages and disadvantages. I live in Azerbaijan
and I have lived here all my life. I love my country but I have to acknowledge that we have a lot of problems. If I
could change I would change and improve a lot of things especially healthcare, education, business sphere and
ecology in my country.
Healthcare suffers from lack of modern medical equipment and professional staff. It is associated with little
funding of hospitals and other medical institutions. In spite of that our government increased salaries of medical
institutions, bought new equipments and repaired many hospitals last years, It is still not enough.
Education is inadequate, because of the big level of corruption and teaching of old outdated information. Many
people in our country don’t normally study in universities, because they think that our education doesn’t give skills
that would be useful in job. Besides this in some faculties taught information hasn’t changed since the Soviet
Union.
Business sphere is one of the most developed sphere in Azerbaijan. However, It suffers from wrong government
regulation of economy. Constant testing and high taxes actually destroy small and medium business. In addition to
this, some business firms conceal their income from tax inspectors.
Finally, ecology is not so actual problem as it was 20 years ago. However, Azerbaijan is considered one of the high
polluted countries in the world. It is mainly connected to wrong oil extraction and old factories that are not
appropriate to modern standards.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I explained what I would do if I could change our country.
8. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The invention of the Internet has had negative effects
on your civilization. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

Internet was elaborated in the beginning of 90th and it grew and developed with an enormous rate. Now about the
third part of our planet use it today. Almost all world economic and politic system on the world highly depends on
internet. However, many experts say that internet brought some negative effects on our civilization, but I don’t
agree with this statement and I explain why.

First of all, the biggest advantage of the internet is a big source of information. For example, I often get different
tasks at university. Mostly the goal of task is to make presentation on economic topic. Internet plays a big role in
my presentations, I actually don’t know how to make it without using of internet, because almost all information,
examples, pictures and even video I get from internet.

Second advantage is software which is located in internet. We can write documents, make calculations, draw
graphs and even edit pictures through internet. The benefit of online learning is still considered one of the main
achievement of internet. For example, we are able to learn playing guitar, study lessons or improve own skills
through internet.

Finally, one of the main advantage is communication. As I said before, there is an opinion that internet destroys
our communication in real life, It is actually not true. Internet unites people and removes the borders between
countries and cultures. People which live in different parts of the world can contact without problems.

Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why Internet gives more advantages than negative effects.

Total words: 260


You stayed at a hotel last week. After you got home you realized that you had left your watch behind.
Write a letter to the hotel manager, and explain what happened. Describe the watch, and ask them to
help you find it.

Good afternoon! I am the client of your hotel. I am satisfied with your apartments and service. In future,
I hope that I would visit your hotel again. However, you have comprehended that I appealed to you not
only to express advantages of your hotel. Unfortunately, I have lost my watch and I think that I have left
it in my room. Here are details of my watch.
My watch is covered with gold. It’s thin and has round shape. On the back side of clock face it is
written:”Sincerely from best friends”. Additionally, all numbers on the watch are roman. I think that I
forgot it in the room where I have stayed. May be I lost them in the hall of your hotel where I have
waited for a taxi.
This watch is a significant to me because it is a gift that was bought by my best friend. I hope that you’ll
find it.

Look forward to the answer.

Sincerely, Farid.

You’re going to spend your vacation in a city in a foreign country. You have never been there before.
Your cousin has a friend who lives there. Write a letter to the friend. In your letter:
- Introduce yourself
- say why you are making this trip
- ask some questions about the city

Hello, I am Farid. My cousin is your friend, you probably know him. I am citizen of Azerbaijan Republic
and I adore to travel. I am actually going to visit a Kiev. I have been in many beatiful countries and It’s
pity that I wasn’t in such beatiful countries as your.
I want to visit your country, because your country is a rich with attractions and sightseeings. I have
heard that there are a lot of majestic and grand buildings as the church of St. Sophia Cathedral and the
church of Kyiv Pechersk Lavra.
Of course, I have some questions about Ukraine. Are prices of public transportation high enough ? Are
caffes and restorant expensive ? Where can I find gifts and souveniers ? What generally tourist do
purchase in your country ? Which places should I compulsory visit ?
I trust that you are able to answer to all my questions prorerly. I also hope that I didn’t make a
discomfort to you.

Look forward to the answer.

Sincerely, Farid.
The table below shows the sales at a small restaurant in a downtown business district.

As we can see the table exhibits the sales at a small restaurant. We should overlook that this restaurant
is located in a downtown business district, because it affects the restaurant sales. Table shows sales in
Lunch and Dinner during the week. Let’s describe the activity separately on Lunch and Dinner.
At first, let’s look at Lunch. Restaurant gets the profit from Lunch generally on Wednesday. It’s actually
because Wednesday is the pick of business activity and people are hardly engaged in job, they eat too
much because they want to work effectively for the whole day.
At last, let’s look at Dinner. Restaurant realize the profit from Dinner generally on Friday. The minimum
is on Sunday. I think it is because people are more relaxed on Friday and that’s why they feed a lot that
day. Otherwise on Sunday only few people work, because of it the profit is less.
In conclusion, I think that I effectively described the table that shows the sales.

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Goods can tell you a lot about a country. Use
specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

World changes too quickly, all of us are observers of these changes. Nobody could forecast that in our
country shopping and entertainment centers would have colossal success and recognazible brands
played a big role here. Multinational corporations operate in most states in the world. Of course, most
of these brands were originated in developed countries. Herewith, each brand has characteristic of the
state in which it was created. That’s why I agree that Goods can tell you a lot about a country.
First of all, manufacturer in each country has own characteristics of the production. For example, most
German producers try to make their products beautiful, stylish, expensive and sometimes difficult to
use. However, in China in contrary Fabricator generally produce cheap, easy to use and poor-quality
products.
At second, most countries have specialization in some areas or one area. As instance, Germany produce
many beautiful and well-known brands. Nevertheless, most people recognize it for cars. Everybody
associate Germany with such respectful brands as BMW, Mercedes and Opel. In addition example, in
our country many people love Bulgarian cheese and spices and Ukraine for juice and meat.
Finally, some products literally tell information about country. Azerbaijani government has spent a lot of
money to advertise own country. As a result, you can watch advertising about our country in such
famous channels as Euronews, CNN and sometimes BBC. This advertisement exhibits most beautiful
sightseeing in Azerbaijan as temple of fire worshipers, the Maiden Tower, a fortress of Gulistan and etc.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why goods can tell a lot about a country.
If you could travel back in time to meet a famous person from history, what person would you like to
meet? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.

There are many personalities which left a big impact on a history of the world. Few people have made
human beings much more comfortable than it was before. Bill Gaits, Steve Jobs, Nicola Tesla, Tomas
Edison are examples of such people. We’re users of products that were created by these people.
However, history remembers people who are not only made a positive influence to humanity, but also
who committed the greatest crime against the people. If I could travel back in time, I would like to meet
Hitler. My choice is strange enough, but I’m interested in how such person reached such heights. If I had
a chance, I would like to talk to him.
At first, I would like to ask Hitler why he became so aggressive. I’m interested in why he started the war
against the world and why he wanted to vanish several nationalities. Some researchers say because he
had horrible childhood, the other that he had some mental illnesses. However, I don’t think that any of
these versions is actual, because nobody wants to look at the dark pages of history from the objective
point of view.
Additionally, I would like to ask him additional questions. About 2-3 months ago one of my friends
showed me pictures that Hitler drew when he was a child. I was impressed, because pictures were good
enough. Why did he stop painting? Why did he take part in the First World War? Why did he get
involved in politics then?
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could expain why I would like to meet Hitler, if I could travel back in
time.
If you could ask a famous person one question, what would you ask? Why? Use specific reasons and
details to support your answer.

I’m interested in life of many celebrities, because from the one point of view that’s fascinating and from
the other point of views it’s instructive. If we learn actions and mistakes of the other person, you can
evade their mistakes in your life. If I could have an opportunity to meet with a famous person, I would
ask him one question:”How did you gain the success?” I know that this question is banal, but I have
reasons why I would give this question.
First of all, that’s captivating to know how they gained the success. What did they lose to achieve
success ? As an instance, I know that the famous actress Milla Jovovich many times tried to get one of
the main role in the movie which name is “The fifth element”. She over and over again displayed her
actress talent, but director didn’t like her because he thought that her perfomance was vaporous.
Suddenly she began to show her abilities acrobatics and unusual ability to behave. She finally got her
“main” role in her life. However, it was worth the enormous labor.
In addition to this, I’m interested in motives that moved them forward. Not all people did it because
they wanted to be famous from the childhood. Some people did it, because they wanted to have
revenge to people that they hated. They hated most people and by gaining success, they believed that
they’re better than most people.
Finally, I want to be famous and successful too. That’s why I would like to know ways to gain the
success. So I should know the life of celebrities to understand how they got money, power and fame.
Summarizing my essay, I think that you have understood why I would ask the question:” How did you
gain the success?”. I’ll do it because I’m interested in methods and motives of gaining success.

Many students have to live with roommates while going to school or university. What are some of the
important qualities of a good roommate? Use specific reasons and examples to explain why these
qualities are important.

I have never lived in campuses or with unknown people. That’s why It’s hard to me to imagine what it
would be if I live with roommates. However, next year I plan to study abroad and I still don’t know how I
can come to an understanding with roommate and there are some characteristics how ideal student is
seemed to me.
First of all, I don’t want haggling roommate. I always see in movies, that there are a lot of harmful and
evil students and roommates. It would be hell for me, if I return from the university without mood and
power and my roommate would suddenly shout at me for no reason.
In addition to this, I would like to see my roommate from my motherland. I know that it’s impossible to
live in one room with representative of your nationality, but I still wish about it. Because I don’t want to
forget my native language and my country when I’m in foreign country.
At last, I want that my roommate wouldn’t be thief. When I’m abroad, I always take with myself a lot of
expensive inventory and much money, I can’t imagine if somebody steals my belongings. I know that in
each universities there are systems and rules that protects property of students, but I am also informed
that thieves are too smart and they can easily hide stolen goods.
Summarazing my essay, I think that I could explain which characteristics should roommate have. He
mustn’t be conflict person and thief and I wish he would be from Azerbaijan.
People have different ways of escaping the stress and difficulties of modern life. Some read; some
exercise; others work in their gardens. What do you think are the best ways of reducing stress? Use
specific details and examples in your answer.

In 21th century, people have everything which facilitate human life. People have mobile phones and
social networks to communicate each other, people have methods for quick cooking and most people
are engaged in work that does not require a powerful physical power. Despite the huge progress, people
still face with stress and not everybody can escape them or get rid of stress. However, I know some
ways to reduce the stress.
One of the way is to watch good movie. It can be the usual blockbuster, which bring a little fun and lift
the mood a little bit. However, I prefer serious drama that can make a powerful impression on a
watcher. After watching such powerful movie, person can rethink his life and may change everything in
his life especially ideology.
I also think that one of the best ways is to understand why you live on this planet. To remember good
times which you have spent with your best friends, parents or relatives. After thinking about it, person
try to restore these times, to call to dear friends or to do activity that brings pleasure to person.
However, I think the most effective way to escape the stress is to remember the hardest time in the life.
For example, when I remember the time when I prepared to the university, I thank god that those awful
times have passed or I recall the time when I was near to death and I again thank god that I stayed alive
after it.
In conclusion, I think that my methods to escape or cure stress are effective. In short, these methods are
watching a good film, remembering the hard time or time when you were happy.
1. People attend school for many different reasons (for example, expanded knowledge, societal awareness, and
enhanced interpersonal relationships). Why do you think people decide to go to school? Use specific reasons and
examples to support your answer.

School is a social institute that is created for purpose to educate people. People always tried to gain knowledge,
because knowledge is the way to success. However, there are other reasons why people attend school and I write
about it.
First of all, knowledge is the main reason why people go to school. We use knowledge everywhere. Acquired
knowledge are used not only at job. We also take advantages of knowledge to open the mind. As well, knowledge
and skills are useful to solve life problems.
In addition to this, people socialize and prepare to life at the school. Many children have first social interactions
with other people besides our family at school. Here people make friends, they develop interpersonal relationship
and moreover they find their first love. Only at school people understand how to behave in society and how to
follow the rules. Many people faced first hardships at school that prepared scholars to adult life.
Finally, I think that going to school is privilege. Almost all people can’t choose go to school or miss it. There is a
taboo in society that people have to go to the school if they don’t visit it society would consider them less
respectable, less intelligent or that they are extra people.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why people go to school. They do it to acquire knowledge, to get
base skills, adjust to life and finally, because they are forced to go there.

Total words: 255


2. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Coaches are the best teachers. Use specific reasons and
examples to support your answer.

We always meet such words as teacher, mentor, guide, trainer and coach. All of them have in common that they
facilitate us. Some people think that there is no difference between trainer and coach. However, it has, they have
different primary functions and roles. Nevertheless, I consider that coaches are the best teacher. Now, I’ll explain
why.
Teacher is a person who teaches something to a group of people. The examples of such group we can meet
everywhere at school, university, job, etc. Teacher is also responsible for managing the discipline and supporting
the organization within a group. He is interested in pupil’s digestibility of the material, its understanding and his
concernment to subject.
A coach is a person who enlarges the skills of pupil that he actually has in the certain field. A coach offers advices
to pupil on the basis of his strength, knowledge and skills. Coach often acts as a psychologist and he investigates
the strengths and weaknesses of student. He tries to empower his student as much as he can. Coaches are useful
everywhere, not only in sport as many people think.
Coach is the best educator because he studies student individually. Coach is the best motivator, because he
teaches us to be aspiring to victory, to be strong, hardworking, responsible and goal-seeking. We usually lead to
advices of coaches more than teacher’s. Teacher only give and explain the information not more.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why coaches are the best teachers. They act as physiologist,
motivator and skills’ improver.

Total words: 259


3. Nowadays, with the invention of the microwave and with the popularity of fast food restaurants, food has
become easier to prepare than ever. Do you think microwave ovens and fast food restaurants are beneficial to
society? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

Progress doesn’t stop and we can’t break it. Modern technology simplifies conditions of life. In the past people
couldn’t imagine even the half things that we own today. We did a huge jump in all spheres of modern life
especially food industry. Thanks to invention of the microwave and other equipments that helps us to prepare
food as fast as we can, on account of this I think that these inventions are beneficial to society.
Most of us use microwaves, because first of all it is the fastest way to prepare food. This advantage can help you
not only when you’re hungry, but also when somebody suddenly comes to you and you don’t have ready food. The
second reason is that in spite of that microwave use radioactive waves to prepare food, the prepared food is not
harmful to your health, because all dangerous microbes are perished.
Fast food restaurant is the type of restaurant when you find table, order and get meal by yourself. Every day they
become more and more popular by some reasons as the food is cheaper than in usual restaurant, you don’t need
to look forward to waiter and meal and the last reason is you shouldn’t pay tip.
Different activists are against new innovations such as microwaves or fast food restaurants because they think that
people get lazier and passive due to comfort. According to their opinion, if there a disaster or collapse, people
wouldn’t be able to prepare food by themselves.
Summarazing my writing, I think that I could explain why microwave and fast food restaurants are useful to
people.

Total words: 267

4. It has been said, "Not all learning takes place in the classroom." Compare and contrast knowledge gained from
personal experience with knowledge gained from classroom instruction. In your opinion, which source is more
important? Why?

People always strieves for knowledge because knowledge is necessary to people to survive. All basic knowledge
people get at school, college or university. But there are people who are not satisfied with information that they
get at educational institutions. I think that it is important to learn new things outside of classroom.
First of all, I think that not all knowledge that is gained in the classroom would be useful in future life. For example,
I study on the course of business administration and i’m interested in everything that is connected to business,
finance and management. But we also study political science, history, culturology, that are not important to me
and they take much more time to learn than the main subjects.
In addition to this, when you apply to job, in some cases employer will not look only to your knowledge that you
got at school or university, but he will be interested in your additional skills. From one point of view, it is not fair,
that employer which hires people without job experience require additional knowledge. But they explain it that
inteligent person will know not only things that he learnt in classroom.
Finally, there are some people who studies for a specific speciality, but they want to learn related specialities. For
example, as I said before I study on the course of business, but It doesn’t stop me to learn programming and
design, because I wish to be a multi-profile specialist.
There are a variety of source for learning. Majority of my friends go to different courses or read special books, but I
use video tutorials that I download from internet.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why not all learning takes place in the classroom and why
people should study not only in the classroom.

Total words: 302


5. Your government has announced that it wishes to build a military base near your community. Discuss the
advantages and disadvantages of this new influence on your community. Do you support or oppose the military
base?

All countries should have own defense system. Despite the fact that in the end of 20th century and in the beginning
of 21th century war the number of wars has decreased. Unfortunately, wars still occur. Because of this, countries
continue to buy military equipment and build military bases. I think that there are more disadvantages than
advantages.
First of all, military bases are potential goal of hostile forces. If war begins the military objects would be attacked
first and if they are located near communities, people would be in big danger. I think that military bases should be
located in strategic places near borders, near main road crossing spots, but not near cities or where people live.
Second reason is that military bases are often noisy and sometimes dirty places. Constant roar of engines, constant
shouts and pollution of the air are only few reasons. Different toxic chemical gases are diffuses near some military
bases which sometimes results in death of inhabitants of community.
However, despite the fact, that there are disadvantages of placing bases near human settlements, we also should
speak about advantages. Sometimes people from local community can get a job in a military base. The additional
advantage is that in places where military bases are located has less criminal level than in the other areas. That’s
because military bases create psychological effect on criminals.
Nevertheless there are disadvantages and advantages of military bases, I think that military bases should not be
settled near people’ communities. They should be located in more important and away from the people places.

Total words: 261

6. If you could change one important thing about your country, what would you change? Use reasons and specific
examples to support your answer.

There is no ideal place to live. Each country and place has own advantages and disadvantages. I live in Azerbaijan
and I have lived here all my life. I love my country but I have to acknowledge that we have a lot of problems. If I
could change I would change and improve a lot of things especially healthcare, education, business sphere and
ecology in my country.
Healthcare suffers from lack of modern medical equipment and professional staff. It is associated with little
funding of hospitals and other medical institutions. In spite of that our government increased salaries of medical
institutions, bought new equipments and repaired many hospitals last years, It is still not enough.
Education is inadequate, because of the big level of corruption and teaching of old outdated information. Many
people in our country don’t normally study in universities, because they think that our education doesn’t give skills
that would be useful in job. Besides this in some faculties taught information hasn’t changed since the Soviet
Union.
Business sphere is one of the most developed sphere in Azerbaijan. However, It suffers from wrong government
regulation of economy. Constant testing and high taxes actually destroy small and medium business. In addition to
this, some business firms conceal their income from tax inspectors.
Finally, ecology is not so actual problem as it was 20 years ago. However, Azerbaijan is considered one of the high
polluted countries in the world. It is mainly connected to wrong oil extraction and old factories that are not
appropriate to modern standards.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I explained what I would do if I could change our country.
8. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The invention of the Internet has had negative effects
on your civilization. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

Internet was elaborated in the beginning of 90th and it grew and developed with an enormous rate. Now about the
third part of our planet use it today. Almost all world economic and politic system on the world highly depends on
internet. However, many experts say that internet brought some negative effects on our civilization, but I don’t
agree with this statement and I explain why.

First of all, the biggest advantage of the internet is a big source of information. For example, I often get different
tasks at university. Mostly the goal of task is to make presentation on economic topic. Internet plays a big role in
my presentations, I actually don’t know how to make it without using of internet, because almost all information,
examples, pictures and even video I get from internet.

Second advantage is software which is located in internet. We can write documents, make calculations, draw
graphs and even edit pictures through internet. The benefit of online learning is still considered one of the main
achievement of internet. For example, we are able to learn playing guitar, study lessons or improve own skills
through internet.

Finally, one of the main advantage is communication. As I said before, there is an opinion that internet destroys
our communication in real life, It is actually not true. Internet unites people and removes the borders between
countries and cultures. People which live in different parts of the world can contact without problems.

Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why Internet gives more advantages than negative effects.

Total words: 260


You stayed at a hotel last week. After you got home you realized that you had left your watch behind.
Write a letter to the hotel manager, and explain what happened. Describe the watch, and ask them to
help you find it.

Good afternoon! I am the client of your hotel. I am satisfied with your apartments and service. In future,
I hope that I would visit your hotel again. However, you have comprehended that I appealed to you not
only to express advantages of your hotel. Unfortunately, I have lost my watch and I think that I have left
it in my room. Here are details of my watch.
My watch is covered with gold. It’s thin and has round shape. On the back side of clock face it is
written:”Sincerely from best friends”. Additionally, all numbers on the watch are roman. I think that I
forgot it in the room where I have stayed. May be I lost them in the hall of your hotel where I have
waited for a taxi.
This watch is a significant to me because it is a gift that was bought by my best friend. I hope that you’ll
find it.

Look forward to the answer.

Sincerely, Farid.

You’re going to spend your vacation in a city in a foreign country. You have never been there before.
Your cousin has a friend who lives there. Write a letter to the friend. In your letter:
- Introduce yourself
- say why you are making this trip
- ask some questions about the city

Hello, I am Farid. My cousin is your friend, you probably know him. I am citizen of Azerbaijan Republic
and I adore to travel. I am actually going to visit a Kiev. I have been in many beatiful countries and It’s
pity that I wasn’t in such beatiful countries as your.
I want to visit your country, because your country is a rich with attractions and sightseeings. I have
heard that there are a lot of majestic and grand buildings as the church of St. Sophia Cathedral and the
church of Kyiv Pechersk Lavra.
Of course, I have some questions about Ukraine. Are prices of public transportation high enough ? Are
caffes and restorant expensive ? Where can I find gifts and souveniers ? What generally tourist do
purchase in your country ? Which places should I compulsory visit ?
I trust that you are able to answer to all my questions prorerly. I also hope that I didn’t make a
discomfort to you.

Look forward to the answer.

Sincerely, Farid.
The table below shows the sales at a small restaurant in a downtown business district.

As we can see the table exhibits the sales at a small restaurant. We should overlook that this restaurant
is located in a downtown business district, because it affects the restaurant sales. Table shows sales in
Lunch and Dinner during the week. Let’s describe the activity separately on Lunch and Dinner.
At first, let’s look at Lunch. Restaurant gets the profit from Lunch generally on Wednesday. It’s actually
because Wednesday is the pick of business activity and people are hardly engaged in job, they eat too
much because they want to work effectively for the whole day.
At last, let’s look at Dinner. Restaurant realize the profit from Dinner generally on Friday. The minimum
is on Sunday. I think it is because people are more relaxed on Friday and that’s why they feed a lot that
day. Otherwise on Sunday only few people work, because of it the profit is less.
In conclusion, I think that I effectively described the table that shows the sales.

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Goods can tell you a lot about a country. Use
specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

World changes too quickly, all of us are observers of these changes. Nobody could forecast that in our
country shopping and entertainment centers would have colossal success and recognazible brands
played a big role here. Multinational corporations operate in most states in the world. Of course, most
of these brands were originated in developed countries. Herewith, each brand has characteristic of the
state in which it was created. That’s why I agree that Goods can tell you a lot about a country.
First of all, manufacturer in each country has own characteristics of the production. For example, most
German producers try to make their products beautiful, stylish, expensive and sometimes difficult to
use. However, in China in contrary Fabricator generally produce cheap, easy to use and poor-quality
products.
At second, most countries have specialization in some areas or one area. As instance, Germany produce
many beautiful and well-known brands. Nevertheless, most people recognize it for cars. Everybody
associate Germany with such respectful brands as BMW, Mercedes and Opel. In addition example, in
our country many people love Bulgarian cheese and spices and Ukraine for juice and meat.
Finally, some products literally tell information about country. Azerbaijani government has spent a lot of
money to advertise own country. As a result, you can watch advertising about our country in such
famous channels as Euronews, CNN and sometimes BBC. This advertisement exhibits most beautiful
sightseeing in Azerbaijan as temple of fire worshipers, the Maiden Tower, a fortress of Gulistan and etc.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why goods can tell a lot about a country.
If you could travel back in time to meet a famous person from history, what person would you like to
meet? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.

There are many personalities which left a big impact on a history of the world. Few people have made
human beings much more comfortable than it was before. Bill Gaits, Steve Jobs, Nicola Tesla, Tomas
Edison are examples of such people. We’re users of products that were created by these people.
However, history remembers people who are not only made a positive influence to humanity, but also
who committed the greatest crime against the people. If I could travel back in time, I would like to meet
Hitler. My choice is strange enough, but I’m interested in how such person reached such heights. If I had
a chance, I would like to talk to him.
At first, I would like to ask Hitler why he became so aggressive. I’m interested in why he started the war
against the world and why he wanted to vanish several nationalities. Some researchers say because he
had horrible childhood, the other that he had some mental illnesses. However, I don’t think that any of
these versions is actual, because nobody wants to look at the dark pages of history from the objective
point of view.
Additionally, I would like to ask him additional questions. About 2-3 months ago one of my friends
showed me pictures that Hitler drew when he was a child. I was impressed, because pictures were good
enough. Why did he stop painting? Why did he take part in the First World War? Why did he get
involved in politics then?
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could expain why I would like to meet Hitler, if I could travel back in
time.
If you could ask a famous person one question, what would you ask? Why? Use specific reasons and
details to support your answer.

I’m interested in life of many celebrities, because from the one point of view that’s fascinating and from
the other point of views it’s instructive. If we learn actions and mistakes of the other person, you can
evade their mistakes in your life. If I could have an opportunity to meet with a famous person, I would
ask him one question:”How did you gain the success?” I know that this question is banal, but I have
reasons why I would give this question.
First of all, that’s captivating to know how they gained the success. What did they lose to achieve
success ? As an instance, I know that the famous actress Milla Jovovich many times tried to get one of
the main role in the movie which name is “The fifth element”. She over and over again displayed her
actress talent, but director didn’t like her because he thought that her perfomance was vaporous.
Suddenly she began to show her abilities acrobatics and unusual ability to behave. She finally got her
“main” role in her life. However, it was worth the enormous labor.
In addition to this, I’m interested in motives that moved them forward. Not all people did it because
they wanted to be famous from the childhood. Some people did it, because they wanted to have
revenge to people that they hated. They hated most people and by gaining success, they believed that
they’re better than most people.
Finally, I want to be famous and successful too. That’s why I would like to know ways to gain the
success. So I should know the life of celebrities to understand how they got money, power and fame.
Summarizing my essay, I think that you have understood why I would ask the question:” How did you
gain the success?”. I’ll do it because I’m interested in methods and motives of gaining success.

Many students have to live with roommates while going to school or university. What are some of the
important qualities of a good roommate? Use specific reasons and examples to explain why these
qualities are important.

I have never lived in campuses or with unknown people. That’s why It’s hard to me to imagine what it
would be if I live with roommates. However, next year I plan to study abroad and I still don’t know how I
can come to an understanding with roommate and there are some characteristics how ideal student is
seemed to me.
First of all, I don’t want haggling roommate. I always see in movies, that there are a lot of harmful and
evil students and roommates. It would be hell for me, if I return from the university without mood and
power and my roommate would suddenly shout at me for no reason.
In addition to this, I would like to see my roommate from my motherland. I know that it’s impossible to
live in one room with representative of your nationality, but I still wish about it. Because I don’t want to
forget my native language and my country when I’m in foreign country.
At last, I want that my roommate wouldn’t be thief. When I’m abroad, I always take with myself a lot of
expensive inventory and much money, I can’t imagine if somebody steals my belongings. I know that in
each universities there are systems and rules that protects property of students, but I am also informed
that thieves are too smart and they can easily hide stolen goods.
Summarazing my essay, I think that I could explain which characteristics should roommate have. He
mustn’t be conflict person and thief and I wish he would be from Azerbaijan.
People have different ways of escaping the stress and difficulties of modern life. Some read; some
exercise; others work in their gardens. What do you think are the best ways of reducing stress? Use
specific details and examples in your answer.

In 21th century, people have everything which facilitate human life. People have mobile phones and
social networks to communicate each other, people have methods for quick cooking and most people
are engaged in work that does not require a powerful physical power. Despite the huge progress, people
still face with stress and not everybody can escape them or get rid of stress. However, I know some
ways to reduce the stress.
One of the way is to watch good movie. It can be the usual blockbuster, which bring a little fun and lift
the mood a little bit. However, I prefer serious drama that can make a powerful impression on a
watcher. After watching such powerful movie, person can rethink his life and may change everything in
his life especially ideology.
I also think that one of the best ways is to understand why you live on this planet. To remember good
times which you have spent with your best friends, parents or relatives. After thinking about it, person
try to restore these times, to call to dear friends or to do activity that brings pleasure to person.
However, I think the most effective way to escape the stress is to remember the hardest time in the life.
For example, when I remember the time when I prepared to the university, I thank god that those awful
times have passed or I recall the time when I was near to death and I again thank god that I stayed alive
after it.
In conclusion, I think that my methods to escape or cure stress are effective. In short, these methods are
watching a good film, remembering the hard time or time when you were happy.
101. Some people think that governments should spend as much money as possible on developing or
buying computer technology. Other people disagree and think that this money should be spent on more
basic needs. Which one of these opinions do you agree with? Use specific reasons and details to support
your answer.

As we can see many countries spend their efforts on development of computer technology. If several
decades ago USSR and USA fought for the conquest of space, now states fight for success in mastering of
Information Technologies. However, despite that many countries made a big steps in it, many people in
that countries

102. Some people like doing work by hand. Others prefer using machines. Which do you prefer? Use
specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

103. Schools should ask students to evaluate their teachers. Do you agree or disagree? Use specific
reasons and examples to support your answer.

104. In your opinion, what is the most important characteristic (for example, honesty, intelligence, a
sense of humor) that a person can have to be successful in life? Use specific reasons and examples from
your experience to explain your answer. When you write your answer, you are not limited to the
examples listed in the question.
Many people have a close relationship with their pets. These people treat their birds, cats, or other
animals as members of their family. In your opinion, are such relationships good? Why or why not? Use
specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

12000 years ago it took a place an important event in the history of mankind. People began to
domesticate animals. People used animals everywhere in wars, households or even as a method of
communication. Now every third family has domestic animal. However, I don’t have an animal and I
don’t intend to get it, but I think that relationships with animals are good and I’ll explain why.
First of all, animals relieve stress. This surprising property of animals was discovered at the beginning of
20th century as I know by general scientists. They found that people who have cats or dogs are more
relaxed, patient and less quarrelsome than most people. Many people like stroking a cat because it
exalts the mood.
In addition to this, you can good spend your time with animals. Especially small children like playing with
cats or dogs. I still remember when I was small I tried to catch a cat in the yard or I throw a ball to dog
and then he brought it to me again.
Finally, animals are usefor for society. For example, dogs. Dogs are used in police, at the border, at
airports, in military forces and etc. Such popularity of dogs are explained as they have sensitive sense of
smell, they can detect a bomb, drugs and other products at long range. Also we shouldn’t forget that
animals give us food, clothes and sometimes even their blood can cure people from dangerous decease.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why I think that animals are useful to society and why
we should treat them as members of family.

Films can tell us a lot about the country where they were made. What have you learned about a country
from watching its movies? Use specific examples and details to support your response.

I watched a lot of movie during my life. These movies were horrors, comedy, catastrophic, even art-
house and etc. When I start watching movies, I never draw attention to the country or people who
made this movie, I look only at the quality of script and perfomance of actors. Neverthless, sometimes I
learn a lot of details about the state due to movies.
First of all, I learn about the culture of the country. After watching of some movie about the foreign
state, I get stereotypical knowledge about that country. For example, after watching Indian movies, I
think that Indian people like dancing and singing more than other nations or after watching American
movies, it seems to me that youth is interested in such sports as baseball and american football.
In addition to this, I learn about history of the country by movies. Movies about such people as
Napoleon, Hitler, Chingizhan describe not only their life, but also about atmosphere of the countries
where they were born.
Finally, from movies I learn about code of conduct in some country. Of course, it’s the fact that women
in arabian countries must wear a veil, but movies can tell you additional facts about a state, of course if
it’s not a fantastic movie. For example, I found that in China, it is normal to burp when you’re eating. It
means that you liked the food or in Mexico people shouldn’t buy a white or yellow flower to person, in
Mexico it’s a symbol of death.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why movies can tell a lot about the country.
Every generation of people is different in important ways. How is your generation different from your
parents' generation? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your answer.

Disputes about generation gap will go on forever. Because not all parents can fully understand their
children. Each generation differs from previous one and here are some diffrences.
First of all, each generation has own outlook on life. For example, in USSR most people were optimistic,
they believed in a bright communistic future. Now people are more pesimistic and realistic, because
after collapsing of a Soviet Union, youth sees unemployment, total injustice and corruption.
One of the most important difference is preferences in books, movies and music. For example, about 30-
40 years ago people generally prefered to read classics of russian literature, it could be Pushkin,
Dostoevski, Tolstoy and etc. However, now young generation read less than previous generations, but if
they read something, these books are Harry Potter, Twilight or Hunger games. Another example is
music, about 20-30 years it was popular to listen to Beatles, Elvis and other popular singers. Now in
trend are club and pop music.
Finally, ambitions is one of the main difference. During the existence of USSR, many people wished to be
astronaut, because they were inspired by Yuri Gagarin. However, youth understood that it’s hard to be
an astronaut and they didn’t think a lot about working. They knew that after graduading of the
university, goverment will suply them with job. Now the situation is the opposite. Students tries to find a
job during the time when they study at university, because unemployment is high and only lucky people
can get a high-payed job.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I explained what are differences between generations.

Imagine that you are preparing for a trip. You plan to be away from your home for a year. In addition to
clothing and personal care items, you can take one additional thing. What would you take and why? Use
specific reasons and details to support your choice.

I often go abroad or to regions of my country, however the maximum duration of time when I am not at
home is about 10 days. Neverthless, I plan to study in Europe next year. I will spend for about one year
studying there. By the way, the thing that I for sure will take is notebook and I’ll explain why.
First of all, notebook is a good source of entartainment. If you are bored, you can engage in a lot of
entartaining activities. Such as playing computer games, watching movies, reading and sometimes even
drawing. For example, when I go to the trip to nature, sometimes I turn on notebook and watch at old
soviet movies.
In addition to this, by using a notebook you can communicate. It is a good way to keep in touch with
friends anywhere in the world. I consider that the best software to communicate is a Skype. Skype
allows you not only to text to anybody, but also call and chat with interlocutor by web-camera and
microphone.
Finally, for me computer is the best way for studying. I love studying every day and everywhere.
Computer teached me a lot of things such as video-editing, draw and programming. As I mentioned
before in this essay, if I am away from my home for a year, I would it only for a reason to study at
foreign university. Computer would be helpful to me in preparing assignments, presentations and
exams.
In conclusion, I think that I have explained why I would take a notebook in a long trip.
Would you prefer to live in a traditional house or in a modern apartment building? Use specific reasons
and details to support your choice.

Whole life I have been living in a modern apartment building. I live in the center of the city and I actually
don’t intend to move from here to . Especially I don’t plan to live in a traditional house for some
reasons.
First of all, modern apartment building has all the comforts of modern civilization. These are gas,
electricity and water supplyment. In our state most(about 90 %) traditional houses are located in rural
areas. Unfortunately, in our country if a person who lives in a traditional house has these public utilities
that person is considered as incredibly lucky. Our government makes a lot of efforts to provide all
people with these utilities. However, this problem is still urgent particularly in remote places.
In addition to this, modern flats are mostly connected to Internet or there isn’t any problem to attach
the house to World Wide Web. I can’t live without Internet for some causes. That’s the main source of
communication and entertainment. Of course, we shouldn’t forget it as useful equipment for getting
essential information.
Finally, I have got used to live in a modern placement. I can’t imagine myself living in a small house or in
the village. I used to live in bustling city with all the amenities. For me living in a traditional house is too
monotonous and oppressive.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why I prefer to live in a modern apartment building
more than to live in a traditional house. The main reasons are high level of a comfort, availability of
internet and it is my habit to live in a modern flat.

Some people prefer to spend their free time outdoors. Other people prefer to spend their leisure time
indoors. Would you prefer to be outside or would you prefer to be inside for your leisure activities? Use
specific reasons and examples to explain your choice.

I am obliged to acknowledge that I infrequently leave my home. I am a homebody. Nevertheless, it


doesn’t mean that I like to sit at home, on the contrary I love be outdoors, but the problem is that only
few my friends like walking. I can say that they’re more homebodies than me. If I could I would prefer
spend more free time outdoors than indoors and I’ll explain why.
First of all, there is a fresh air outside. I know that many people would say that in city air is harmful and
toxic. I admit this fact, that's why I try to visit the places with a lot of trees. I’m lucky in this case,
because my house is surrounded by parks. At times I with my father stroll there, because we both
realize that it’s more harmful to be at home too much.
In addition to this, if I am outdoors, I try to use this time walking with my friends. As I said many times, If
I have time, I use it to go from one side of a city to another side. I know some of you will say that I am
crazy, because our city is not small and the time that we spend to cross our path takes about 6 hours as
minimum. But I love doing it and after each trip new people join us.
Finally, when I leave house, sometimes I play different games. I generally play them in yard or special
courts. Most preferable games are football or basketball. However, every year I play such games less
and less. I regret about it, because I love playing such games. My friends with whom I played these
games now are engaged in less useful activities as drinking alcohol or spending all time at cafes or
restaurants.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why spending time outdoors is better than spending
time indoors.
Your school has received a gift of money. What do you think is the best way for your school to spend
this money? Use specific reasons and details to support your choice.

If our school won or received a big amount of money, I think they should spend this money on building
the swimming pool. My choice is explained because I have been going to swimming for about 7 years. I
consider that swimming is one of the best activities that I have ever engaged in. Now I’ll explain my
option.
First of all, swimming is useful for health. In childhood I was a weak boy and I had a lot of problems
concerning my health, especially my main problem was flabby body. When most of my friends were
sportsmen, I was opposite to them. However, after swimming my body became more slim and strong.
Even people who know me not enough observed it.
In addition to this, swimming can be used as a challenging sport. When I studied at school, I saw that
children like competitive games as basketball, football or competing in speed or endurance. Swimming is
good in competing in speed or endurance, when I went to swimming we had such events, it was more
attractive than simple moving from one side of pool to the other.
Finally, swimming pool can be used for playing different games. For example, when I went to swimming
pool we loved playing water polo. The concept of this game is like a football which takes place on a
water surface. The goal of this game is getting a high score by getting the ball into the gate of enemy.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why school should spend money on building of the
swimming pool.

The government has announced that it plans to build a new university. Some people think that your
community would be a good place to locate the university. Compare the advantages and disadvantages
of establishing a new university in your community. Use specific details in your discussion.

There are some prestigious high schools that are located in the center of our city. All of them are placed
among residential zone. From the one point of view the advantages of it that it is easier for students to
reach universities and there’re a lot of places to entertain and relax for students. However, there are
apparent disadvantages for local community and I’ll exhibit them.
First of all, universities are always noisy places. That’s because these places are always crowded by
students. May be it’s easy to get accustomed to the noise that comes from the university, but when
there is a concert, party or graduation ceremony, it is almost impossible to evade the noise from it.
Additionally, places where are located universities can’t avoid the problem of traffic jam. In our city,
universities are located at the intersection of transport routes. By this reason, at 8.30 am(when lessons
at university starts) public transportation are filled with students. Unfortunately in our state, problem is
compounded by the fact that most students have own car and universities don’t owe enough parking
space.
Finally, such places are over-polluted. I study in Azerbaijan State Oil Academy, of course our university is
placed in the center of our city and sometimes when it is too hot in room, we open a window, but air
sometimes is so polluted, that we close it or have to tolerate it.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why government shouldn’t build a new university
near the community. Because noise from university can disturb community, they create problems with
traffic and finally, it’s harmful to students, because such places are always polluted.

11. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Universities should give the same amount of money to their
students' sports activities as they give to their university libraries. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.
People enter the universities because they want to get skills for specialty that they have chosen. However, university is also a
chance to find new friends and relationships. Of course, some famous universities supply students not only with new
knowledge and skills, additionally they give a chance to do sports. Some people think that sport distract students from studying.
However, I think that University should support sport activities in universities.

First of all, I don’t agree to the opinion that sport distracts students from studying, because everything can distract student
from studying. It fully depends on a student; there always were hard-working and lazy students. If they don’t want to study
they always would find a reason why they don’t prepare their lessons well.

In addition to this, sport as a different physical training positively affects people. They become healthier and self-disciplined. It
affects good to studies because if person has a good health, he can come to lessons and take exams without fear that he will be
ill. However, we shouldn’t forget that excessive activity of sport can impair the health and it can cause serious diseases.

Finally, sportsmen always had the respect from people. Scientists recently have found that students which are engaged in
psychical activities less have depression than students who are not. Sport increase people’ self-evaluation and they become
more self-confident that positively affects to the studies.

Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why I think that universities must give the same amount of money to their
students' sports activities as they give to their university libraries.

Total words: 264

10."When people succeed in life, it is because of hard work. Being lucky has nothing to do with success in life." Do you agree
or disagree with the quotation above? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your position.

When I studied the lesson of ethics in university, there was written that there are two types of people. First group of people
think that everything in their life depends on luckiness. The second type of people thinks that everything depends on their
actions. I think that I belong to the second type of people, because I think that all happiness’s and misfortunes of our life
depend on us.

People who say that everything depends on luckiness deceive themselves. They don’t want to see that somebody works all
day to achieve a success, because they really understand that they’re not as industrious as other people. Because of this they
say that fate is favorably disposed to somebody or that God favors them. However, they don’t think that it is written in Bible
and Koran that God helps people who are anxious for success and do everything to achieve it.

Almost all famous people became popular and wealthy because of hard work. Even people who think that Hollywood actors
and famous singers got easy fame are wrong. If we look at biographies of such people we would see that most of them were
born in dysfunctional and poor families. This explains why they reached heights, this is because all of them didn’t want to
live in poor conditions and they did everything to get rid of it. For example, famous rapper Marshall Mathers (the real name
of Eminem) was born in poor family without father, he devoted all his life to music and now he is even more popular than
even Michael Jackson.

Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why I think that everything depends on us.
9. Some students prefer to attend a small university. Others prefer to attend a big university. Discuss the
advantages of each. Then indicate which type of university you prefer? Use specific reasons and details to support
your answer.

After we finish the school, we must choose a university in which we will study for 4 years. Small and big
universities have advantages and disadvantages. However, I think that small universities are better than bigger
one.

First of all, small universities have less diversity in professions. They’re mainly specialized on some profession. I can
give an own example. I study in Azerbaijan State Oil Academy, It mainly specialized on mechanics, oil producing,
chemistry and other technical subjects, but I study on economics and I observe disadvantages of it. There are a lot
of materials about technical subjects than economics in libraries. Even in first course, I felt a lack of knowledge
because of lack of relevant materials.

In addition to this, there is a better mutual understanding between teacher and students in small universities.
Because of less scale and more intimate atmosphere, students interact more active and with more interest.
Students in big universities do not receive appropriate attention, because there are so many of them and
professors don’t have enough time for all of them.

However, we need to notice disadvantages of small universities. The main one that in huge universities tutors are
more professional than in small one. Additional to this, huge universities can supply students with a good
computers and necessary equipments. The last reason one that diploma of such universities have more power
than the smaller ones. But I still think that advantages of small universities are persuasive than the bigger ones.

Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why small universities better than big universities.

7. How does advertising influence people's behavior? Use reasons and specific examples to support your answer.

Advertising has become the part of our existence. We can meet advertising everywhere. TV, Internet, different
posters, banners is small part of the global PR net. Of course, it influenced the life of people greatly. Majority uses
products that are good boosted. I think that advertising had a lot of effects on humanity.

First of all, majority buys products that are wide advertized. For example, most of my group mates use brand
phones as blackberry or iphone. My friends generally buy HP notebooks and girls that I know buy clothes in Mango
and Zara. Because of powerful advertising, respectable persons or bosses usually buy Mercedes. People trust more
to brands than to the products that people never have heard about.

In addition to this, some people copy behavior from advertising, because they think that people who plays in
advertising do everything right. Moreover, many of children repeat different slogans of advertisement which they
see on TV or posters. Additional examples when housewives see on TV that women in various advertising use
different methods to wash something, housewives also begin to repeat such actions.

However, advertising sometimes makes a negative impact on society. Because of some aggressive and powerful
advertising people buy merchandise that are useless for them. We can often meet tricks in advertising. For
example, when someone advertises cleaner, he shows that when he uses it everything became perfect clean. But
when customers buy it, they see that in practice, cleaner is not so ideal as in advertising.

Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain how advertising influence on society.
12. Many people visit museums when they travel to new places. Why do you think people visit museums? Use
specific reasons and examples to support your answer

Travelling becomes more and more popular each year. In some countries as Turkey tourism influences a lot on a
budget of the country. People visit countries for different reasons. Mainly they go sightseeing, visit museums and
sometimes only have rest. Tourists visit museums for many reasons and I’ll speak about some of them.

First of all, they do it, because museum is the place, where tourists begin to learn about culture of the country. A
museum is a excellent place to commence a cultural research. There are various types of museums such as history
museums, art museums or special museums dedicated to famous person.
In addition to his, museum can speak a lot about history of the country. It can show how people lived and how
people thought in different times.

However, we should notice that nowadays people try to visit not only simple museums, but also interactive
museums. There are a lot of such museums in developed states. For example, Disney world museum is one of
them. This museum shows the story of Disney Company which presented a lot of memorable cartoons.

Uncommonness of this museum is that computers that can answer to all questions about companies, TV that
shows the best cartoons of the company, animated models of famous Disney characters and so on.
Finally, people are interested in unspecialized museums. As an example I can enumerate museums of beer,
museums of computer graphics and finally museums of computer games. My wish is to visit museum of computer
games in London, because I love computer games.

Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why people go to museums.

13. Some people prefer to eat at food stands or restaurants. Other people prefer to prepare and eat food at home.
Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

Food plays an important role in our life. The main functions of food are to supply energy to our body and
supplying growth and repair to our organism. Moreover it is also a source of satisfaction. If people want to eat they
would go to restaurant or cafe or they would prepare food at home. I generally prefer to eat at home for some
reasons.

First of all, I think that home food is more tasteful than food in restaurants. I like the way how my mother prepares
food. The food which is prepared by my mother prefers not only my family, but also people who visit our house. I
love that my mother can prepare not only our national cuisine, European and Russian she can cook as well.
In addition to this, a lot of people love home food, because they have got used to it. They didn’t get accustomed to
food in restaurants and food stands. They go to such places only when there are celebrations or holidays.

However, I prefer home food, because I think that it is healthy. I always hear on TV, that food from popular fast-
food is spoiled and radioactive. Even in some countries, some fast-food companies are prohibited, because they
use food additives.

Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why I prefer food prepared at home more than restaurant’s and
fast-food’s food. Because, home food is more tasteful and healthier than at food stands and people have got used
to it.
14. Some people believe that university students should be required to attend classes. Others believe that going to
classes should be optional for students. Which point of view do you agree with? Use specific reasons and details to
explain your answer.

People enter the university to get skills and knowledge to their future job. They get information by different ways.
Some of them attend classes, but the other sit at home and learn their materials. They attend university only to
take an exam. I think that students should attend university, because it is the best way to learn subjects.

First of all, you get knowledge orally and in writing much better than at home. Scientists have proved that It is
more effective to acquire knowledge orally by someone, than when they read. In addition to this, if there is an
interaction between student and teacher at the lesson, student understands the subject more effective.

Additionally, if you don’t understand something, you can ask your teacher about the problem. But when you don’t
attend university, you don’t have a chance to ask something. The sequence of this problem that if you don’t
understand something in the beginning, there would be a less chance that you would understand something in
following parts. It becomes the reason that some students who didn’t attend lessons failed the exam.

The main disadvantage of studying at home is that in most situations student learn the material 3-4 days before
the exam. The disadvantage of this learning that after exams, student doesn’t remember anything of this subject. If
a student learns subject within the study, he memorizes subject and pass exams with less problems.

Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why I think that attending university is better than learning at
home.
15. Neighbors are the people who live near us. In your opinion, what are the qualities of a good neighbor? Use
specific details and examples in your answer.

I have lived in different parts of our city. In such parts I always knew half of my neighbors. Unfortunately, I didn’t
meet only good neighbors. There were a lot of neighbors who disturbed us or sometime did mischief to us. After
these cases, I know what a good neighbor is.

First of all, good neighbor doesn’t make discomfort to you or other neighbors. Unfortunately, I have some
neighbors who sometimes disturb us. There is one person who lives on the first floor; he always troubles us,
because he has problems with gas and water supplying. Moreover he accuses us because he thinks that we spoilt
his roof by water from our tank. However, we aren’t guilty of his problems and we proved it.

In addition to this, if you need an immediate help, but none of your relative is at home, you can ask your neighbor
for help. I remember many situations when neighbors helped me and I try to help them if they’re in need of it.
Once I had problem with my computer and the situation was catastrophic, because I had presentation next day. I
required a computer to finish the presentation. To solve this problem I came to my neighbor’s house and
completed it.

Finally, if your neighbor is good, there is a high probability that you would be friends. It is greatest luckiness to be
friends with your neighbor. You can frequently visit each other and enjoy together. My friend lives on the second
floor and we often entertain together. For example, we always visit each other and when there is a my birthday or
him, we invite each other.

Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain what good neighbor is. He doesn’t propose his neighbors, he can
help you in necessary situation and finally he can become your friend.

17. Some people think that they can learn better by themselves than with a teacher. Others think that it is always
better to have a teacher. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons to develop your essay.

In current time, knowledge plays a big role in our life. There are different methods to gain knowledge and skills.
Some people prefer to learn by themselves. The other prefers to learn something with teacher. I prefer to study
with teacher and I have some reasons to do it.

First of all, information that is told by someone is remembered better than by only reading, Scientists have proved
that It is more effective to acquire knowledge orally by someone, than when they read. In addition to this, if there
is an interaction between student and teacher at the lesson, student understands the subject more effective.

In addition to this, it can be interesting when teacher teach you. He can give additional examples. Sometimes he
can give interesting facts about subjects. For example, if the subject that you learn is boring enough, teacher can
make lesson more attractive if he will use different pictures, videos or presentations.

Finally, if you don’t understand something teacher can explain you. For example, you study alone without a
teacher; you read the book of your subject. Suddenly, you see that you don’t understand some part of the subject.
You read book deeper and more carefully, but you still don’t understand it. If you studied with a teacher you would
ask him what does something mean, but without teacher you don’t have such chance.

In conclusion, I think that I could explain why studying with teacher is better than studying alone. You get
information better, you can ask questions and finally it is more attractive.
18. What are some important qualities of a good supervisor (boss)? Use specific details and examples to explain
why these qualities are important

Boss is the man who leads the company and represents the image of the company. Many people think that the
work of boss is easy enough. They really think that their job is to sit at office and scold at employees. There is a
piece of true in this statement, because many bosses don’t display themselves from the good side. I have own
representation about how boss should be.

First of all, he must be responsible. He has to come in time and earlier than his employees. He also should do his
job as much as his employees. He should do everything in such way that employees wouldn’t hate him, but on
contrary they’ll try to look like him.

In addition to this, boss should be fair. He mustn’t put himself higher than his employees. If there is a problem in
the company, boss must understand this problem and try to solve it. He doesn’t have to shout at everyone and use
obscene speech at the moment. Moreover he must not support fawning.

Finally, boss never should be rough. Some people think that bosses must frighten his employees and be cruel to
them. However, almost all psychologists consider that this behavior is the main fail of the companies.
Furthermore, such wrong behavior leads to the big problems and sometimes collapses the company. For example,
employee sees that there is a problem in sales or somebody cheats, but he don’t say it to boss, because he is afraid
that he will be punished or fired

In conclusion, I want to add that bosses shouldn’t be severe, but it is necessary to them to be impartial and
resolute.
16. It has recently been announced that a new restaurant may be built in your neighborhood. Do you support or
oppose this plan? Why? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

First of all, the main reason why I support it that it is near my home. For example, I returned from university and I
found that there wasn’t any food at home. In this situation I would go to restaurant for meal.

In addition to this, if restaurant is near, you’re aware of all the discounts and programs that this restaurant makes.

Finally,
20. Should governments spend more money on improving roads and highways, or should governments spend
more money on improving public transportation (buses, trains, subways)? Why? Use specific reasons and details to
develop your essay.

Some countries spend money on improving highways and roads, other work on upgrading public transportation
such as buses and subways. Moreover, some governments operate on both. However, I think that it is necessary to
governments to construct and repair roads.

First of all, most dangerous accidents take place on bad roads. Especially on less used roads, there are a lot of
dents, holes and broken parts of asphalt. Even though many drivers can evade dangerous situations and bad places
on roads, it becomes very dangerous and risky to drive at night. Repairing roads and highways means not only
rebuilding of pavement, but also setting new light signals and informative signs.

Secondly, highways play a big role in economy of the country. It specially concerns countries which borders in
many countries. States with bad roads seriously suffer because bad roads hinder the trade. From the history we
can learn that most powerful and rich empires controlled main trade routes and they were interested in constant
improving of roads.

Finally, nowadays people don’t much relay on public transportation. Many people prefer to drive cars instead of
using buses or subways. I think they’re more interested in repairing roads which they use than in transport that
they don’t utilize. Furthermore, from year to year it becomes popular to use bicycles and motorcycles.

Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why governments should spend more money on improving
roads and highways than on rebuilding of public transportation. It’s because bad roads are more dangerous to
people, they play a big role in the economy of country and the last one that public transportation isn’t so actual
now.

21. It is better for children to grow up in the countryside than in a big city. Do you agree or disagree? Use specific
reasons and examples to develop your essay.

Children are our future and we should make efforts to upbringing them. We must think about what our children
eat and dress. Moreover, we shouldn’t forget that it is also important in which environment our children are
brought up. Some people think that children who are brought up in the countryside are healthier, adaptable and
they don’t have allergies. However, I think that children should grow up in cities.

First of all, education in cities is much better than in countryside. Most famous and prestige school and universities
are located in the centre of the city or within it. Moreover, teachers and professors are more skilled and versatile.
Additionally, the equipments and computers are modern in such educational institutions.

In addition to this, the city offers great opportunities. It is obvious that it is much easier to find a job in city than in
countryside. Furthermore, there is a big chance to achieve a good career. Almost all brand companies are placed in
the city.

Finally, I think that city offers great opportunity to have fun. The list of entertainments is numerous in the city.
Cafes, cinemas, park amusements, clubs, theaters are only few of them. Only due to this fact I have never liked to
visit rural areas. I always considered them boring.

Summarizing my essay, I think that I could display my point of view to this. I think that it is better for children grow
in cities, because they can get good education, they have good prospects in future and they can entertain well.
23. We all work or will work in our jobs with many different kinds of people. In your opinion, what are
some important characteristics of a co-worker (someone you work closely with)? Use reasons and
specific examples to explain why these characteristics are important.

The job occupies an important place in our life, so people with whom we work play a big role not only in
a job, but in our life. There are a lot of cases when people found friends or love in their workplaces. Co-
worker are people with whom we closely contact and perform work. There are some characteristics that
I think co-worker should have.

First of all, co-worker must be responsible. I think that it is the main characteristic of good co-worker
because output of job generally depends on it. If he is lazy and doesn’t work properly, it can turn to
work collapse. He never should be late to work and he must do his job in time.

In addition to this, It is necessary to co-worker to be friendly. Many people agree that success at work is
a success in relationships. If people correctly understand and sense each other, they do job much faster
and effective. For example, if one of them didn’t do something in time because of valid reason, his co-
worker would appreciate him and he wouldn’t scold at him.

Finally, ideally co-worker should to be fair. Workers mustn’t lie each other, because it may lead to
misunderstanding and calamity. He shouldn’t be afraid to say something to co-worker, if he does
something wrong. For example, the report says that the income of the company has fell, co-worker
understands that it is basically his fail because he didn’t cope with his work in time. In order to avoid
condemnation, he blames other workers for this problem.

Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain how co-worker should to be. He must be accountable,
outgoing and honest.

24. In some countries, teenagers have jobs while they are still students. Do you think this is a good idea?
Support your opinion by using specific reasons and details.

Nowadays, it is hard to find a student on the 3rd or 4th grade that doesn’t work. Many of them even
stopped learning their university’s lessons to spend more time on job. They do it because they say that
university doesn’t give enough knowledge and information in area which they study. I think that it’s
good that students work and I’ll explain why.

First of all, student becomes independent. He is able to fully control all his life. For example, he disposes
of his time and energy, he can choose where and when to work. He has more time to explore their
profession.

In addition to this, there are fewer burdens to his parents. Parents stop paying money for the needs of
their child. They shouldn’t to pay for food, clothes and many other needs of his child. Parents can spend
more time and power on their own needs.

Finally, student operates money the way that he wants. Now he is presented a wide choice of how to
dispose his money. However, for the first time it will be hard to students, because they will spend
money generally on useless things. They will waste money on entertainments more than on food or
clothes. Because of this, there is a high probability that they will eat low-quality food.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why I think that working student is a good occurrence,
because they’re self-supporting, they don’t encumber their parents and finally they conduct finances by
themselves.

25. A person you know is planning to move to your town or city. What do you think this person would
like and dislike about living in your town or city? Why? Use specific reasons and details to develop your
essay.

This essay describes the real situation in my life. My friend who lived in Ukraine intended to move to
Azerbaijan. Before moving to Azerbaijan, he asked me many questions about my country, I answered to
them with a great pleasure. At last he came here and he doesn’t regret about coming here. Now I want
to write about advantages and disadvantages of living here.

First of all, He said that he liked Baku, because he considers Baku as a beautiful and interesting city. He
often goes to different parks and watch at different sightseeing, even he did it for about 5-6 times at
least. He also adores walking in the city at night. He does it, because he said that the Dnepropetrovsk
city where he lived was boring enough.

In addition to this, He found many new friends and relations here. Here he found more friends than in
the Ukraine. Sometimes we assemble and go to Park Bulvar, walk in the Torgovaya street and go to
different cafes.

Finally, he said that Baku is the city of big opportunities. Now Baku is required for skilled workers and an
experienced and intelligent man can realize himself here. It’s not problem to create own business or
migrate existing business here.

However, He listed disadvantages of living here. At first, he noticed transport overcrowding and
constant traffic jams. Secondly, frequent repair of roads and houses. Additionally, prices in our city are
higher than in Ukraine.

In conclusion, despite the shortcomings my friend pleased with this city. He has been living here for one
year and he could adapt here. He has a lot of friends, good job and preferred atmosphere.
Some people believe that the Earth is being harmed (damaged) by human activity. Others feel that
human activity makes the Earth a better place to live. What is your opinion? Use specific reasons and
examples to support your answer.

Scientists say that people inhabit our planet for a long time and they had a major impact on the planet.
Unfortunately, most of these impacts are not productive. Despite the fact that people try to alter the
situation and protect nature, some things we can't recover. I think that the Earth is damaged by human
activity and I’ll explain why.
First of all, many species of animals and plants were vanished by human factor. For example, mammoths
were killed by prehistoric people. As evidence of that people destroyed mammoths we can see in
present. American Indians eliminated a big population of bisons. In the beginning of 19th century there
were about 1-2 million bisons, now there are only 10-20 thousands.
In addition to this, because of technological progress ozone holes appeared on the surface of Earth’s
atmosphere. They appeared because people use a big amount of frione (which is used in producing of
fridges and conditioners). Frione destroys the ozone which protects our planet from radioactive impact
of Sun.
Finally, air pollution is also one of the most negative impact to nature. Furthermore, air pollution spoils
not only nature, but also human’s health. Because of air pollution, places where forests, jungles were
and savannah became deserts. Some scientists still consider that Sahara became a desert not only
because of climate, people also played a role in it.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why I think that Earth is damaged by human activity.
The disappearing of animals and plants, air pollution and injure of ozone holes are the main one.

Some people spend their entire lives in one place. Others move a number of times throughout their lives,
looking for a better job, house, community, or even climate. Which do you prefer: staying in one place or
moving in search of another place? Use reasons and specific examples to support your opinion.

Many people live in one place entire their life, only few people move a number of times, because
moving takes a lot of power and efforts. Moreover, it can cause stress and strain due to It’s not easy to
get used to new school, job or new people. I have been living in one place for 12 years and I’m satisfied
with living here and I’ll explain why.
First of all, you know where places that you need are. For example, if you live in one place for a long
time, you are aware of where are grocery store, clothing store, and a shop of mobile phones or
computer store.
In addition to this, you know all your neighbors. Generally, people who live together in one location
after certain amount of time know each other. If a person is lucky, he would have good neighbors. Good
neighbors can easily become your friend.
Finally, if there is a critic situation, your neighbors can help you, because they know you. For example,
about 2-3 months ago I was given a task to make a presentation at university. I almost finished it when
my computer suddenly ceased to function. Unfortunately, I didn’t have enough time to fix my computer
and I couldn’t move presentation to another day. I elected to go to my neighbor to finish my
presentation; he with pleasure provided an opportunity to use his computer. I made presentation and
told it at university next day.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why staying in one place than permanent moving to
new place. The reasons are you know all necessary spots, you are aware of neighbors that can help you
in force majeure situations.

Is it better to enjoy your money when you earn it or is it better to save your money for some time in the
future? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

I am always surprised why most people especially in our country spend money that they earn on
different enjoyment activities. They spend all their money very fast and after this they complain that
they don’t have money. I think that it’s better to spend money for future than wasting them on
enjoyments and I’ll explain why I think so.

First of all, I think that on saved money you can buy more useful thing in future. It can be new TV-set,
computer or mobile phone by which you can get more pleasure and benefit than taking part in a one-
time entertainment. For example, I accumulate money to buy a car in future.

In addition to this, accumulated money can help you to survive in hard time or help in a critical situation.
As I said before I store money to purchase a car in future. However, I also save money for unexpected
cases. For example, one of my friends had a birthday, he reminded about his birthday before month of
it. Unfortunately, I forgot about it and It came to my mind only the day before birthday. Because of my
habit, I had money to buy a present for him.

Finally, accumulation of money increases self-confidence. I think that man who hoard money is more
self-confident because he is sure that if tommorow there is a necessity of money, he would be able to
use this money.

Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why saving money is much better than spending them
on leisure activities. If we save money, we are able to survive in hard time, they make us more confident
and we can spend them with more utility.

You have received a gift of money. The money is enough to buy either a piece of jewelry you like or
tickets to a concert you want to attend. Which would you buy? Use specific reasons and details to
support your answer.

If I have a choice to buy a piece of jewelry or to buy a ticket of a concert I of course will choose to buy a
piece of jewelry. I am not a fan of jewelry, but I think that it is more profitable to buy it and I’ll explain
why.
First of all, you can enjoy with jewelry for a long time, because a concert is a one-time entertainment. In
addition to this, I think that going to concert is useless, because all tapes of your favorite groups you can
look at Youtube.
Secondly, you can use jewelry as money. Jewelry always was worst high enough. Almost at all times
when there were disasters or wars, people got necessary commodities by selling their jewelry.
Thirdly, jewelry can be used as a present. Jewelry always was considered as a one of the best present. If
you grant jewelry to somebody, it means that you royally appreciate a relationship with that person.
Finally, jewelry can be used every day. If it is a ring, necklace, beads or chain you can wear it every day
or put it on when there is an important event or reception, but if you go to the concert, you would have
impressions only for few times.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why I think that it is better to buy a piece of jewelry
than tickets to concerts. You can get satisfaction from it for a long time, it serves as money, it can be
presented and at last it can be utilized each day.
Should people let their feelings guide them when they make important decisions?

Many people do different actions under the influence of emotions or feelings. I think that people
shouldn’t make important decisions which depend on people’s feelings; people must use intellect to
solve a problem or to take a required action.

Should we admire heroes but not celebrities?

I think that, there is too much attention to celebrities

Is it sometimes necessary to be impolite?


Can knowledge be a burden rather than a benefit?
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Attending a live performance (for example, a
play, concert, or sporting event) is more enjoyable than watching the same event on television. Use
specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

I don’t understand why many people enjoy attending live action more than watching the same thing at
home. I think that there are more advantages to sit at home and watch favorite thing on TV and now I’ll
explain why I assume so.
First of all, it may cost decent sum of money to visit a special event. For example, I still remember that
the minimal price for the ticket of 50 cent’s concert was 150 manat. I can conveniently listen to his
music at home or watch his live performance on YouTube. Another example is football match. The cost
of one ticket sometimes can rise to 2-3 thousand dollars.
In addition to this, for me it’s better to watch an event at home with my friends. It is more preferable
because we comfortably lie on the sofa, order pizza or other food that we may get and sometimes make
funny comments during watching. In short, we can’t repeat such actions during the event.
Finally, I can record a live performance at home and replay it again and again. For example, my friend
adores watching different football matches, particularly watching the final football matches of season.
He frequently records it on a tape and replays the best moments of games.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why I prefer to watch same thing TV more than
attending a live performance. It’s much cheaper to watch the same performance at home, it’s
comfortable and you create own conditions to watch it and at last you can record it and replay as many
times as you wish.

Choose one of the following transportation vehicles and explain why you think it has changed people's
lives: automobiles, bicycles, airplanes.

First prototype of automobile was produced by Henry Ford in the end of 19th century and it had a great
impact on the world. Now the types of automobile vary from passenger car to sports car. In last decade
flying car, amphibian car and cars running on hydrogen were also invented. However, they’re not so
popular now, because of dearness of it. I think that cars generally have altered human’s lives, because
majority can’t imagine their life without automobiles and I’ll explain why.
First of all, because of creating of the automobile other types of transportation were devised. Only few
people know that airplanes, helicopters and ships work on the engine that first was framed only for cars.
Engine of automobile requires little fuel and it’s easy to install in contrast to other types of engines.
In addition to this, cars are a comfortable vehicle. Usually car can load more than 4 persons. If we take
into consideration the ratio of price and quality, we’ll clarify that it’s the most convenient
transportation.
Finally, I think that the main advantage is the capacity to go to any place that you want. For example,
train or bus can’t carry you to accurate place that you need. Only by car you may get to place that you
require as close as it possible.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why automobiles made an important step in the
history of mankind. It influenced to other types of transportation, they made our life comfortable and
allowed to reach any places.

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Do you agree or disagree that progress is
always good? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

It's often associated that progress is always positive and developmental for society. However, in each
occurrence there are both sides of coin. Generally, I think that progress is more damageful for people
than wholesome and here are my arguments.
First of all, people become much lazier than before. Till the ending of the 19th century most people were
involved in hard work, now people are more passive and drone because they use different automatic
mechanisms which perform work instead of people. Even now we can observe that today scholars are
lazier and less educated than scholars in Soviet Union.
In addition to this, technological development goes on with destroying people. Nuclear weapon,
hydrogen bombs and chemical poisons kill numerous amounts of people which can lead to total
disappearing of people. Allergies and mass blinding of people are also connected to radiation which is
influenced by different modern devices. People mainly trust on technology than on themselves, they
think that robots never make faults. Because of this myth in 2008 during fire in the office about 20
people died. The reason of it was that computer blocked all doors in the office because of fire and
workers couldn’t run from apartment.
Finally, modern people haven’t got used to dangerous situations or calamities. Nowadays people are
addicted to mobile phones, computer, internet and etc. They don’t see their lives without these devices,
people are accustomed to convenience. If there is a war or nature disaster, these people would be
unprotected and they wouldn’t know what to do. People in ancient time were prepared for these
conditions, because they lived in severe times.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why progress sometimes is fatal. People become
passive, it can kill people and at last, they ceased to be adapted to calamities.

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? With the help of technology, students nowadays
can learn more information and learn it more quickly. Use specific reasons and examples to support your
answer.

Information Technology made a big influence on all spheres of our life. The largest contribution of IT is
soothing of our life. For example, by using mobile phones we can contact each other regardless of the
distance. Of course, it also made our education much easier. I agree that with the help of technology,
students nowadays can get more information and learn it faster and I’ll explain why.
First of all, Computer created a vast of methods to study. There are many software that educate
languages, design, programming and even account management. Additionally, there are reminders-
program which can remind you that you must learn, or repeat something. But I think the main
achievement is video conversations through computers. Your teacher can be found in the other part of
the world, however he trains you through internet.
In addition to this, modern technologies make your presentation more interesting and impressive. I am
majoring of economics at university and during the course of the study I have to make presentation and
assignments on different topics. Thanks to technologies because I add different pictures, sounds, music
and even video to my launch.
Finally, we shouldn’t neglect that IT presented the internet to the world. Internet is the main source of
information at the moment. Internet covers all types of information that you require. It’s indispensable
for me because information varies from basic principles of economics to weaknesses in the tax system.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why technology facilitates students to study a lot.
Technology is the origin of information and it assists in getting new skills.
What is a very important skill a person should learn in order to be successful in the world today? Choose
one skill and use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.

We keep hearing from various people that only strong people survive in this world. Majority including
me agrees with this statement. But what does strong man mean? Does it mean strong physically or
mentally? Mentally these strong people are successful in life. I think that such strong men really should
be industrious, intelligent and can be leader and I’ll explain why.
First of all, I think that industrious is one of the main characteristics of successful man. Of course, if man
is lazy and he does nothing to achieve a success or to occupy a significant place in the life, he wouldn’t
success in life. However, some people say that many people are hardworking, but they’re not successful
people, they work in one place and get the same salary whole life. That’s true because hardworking is
only one of the necessary characteristics.
In addition to this, to achieve a success person should be clever. It was written in one research, that
students who graduated from master degree get more salary than students who graduated bachelor
degree and high school. But there is another opinion, some people say that Steve Jobs and Bill Gates
who are richest people on the planet didn’t finish an university and that means that it’s not necessary to
be intelligent to be rich. People who consider so forget that these people were genius in the field that
they were engaged in and they ceased going to university, because it took their time to carry out their
genius plans for the future.
Finally, successful person is a leader. It doesn’t mean that he should lead a country or a small group of
people. At first, it means he can control himself. He is able to manage his feelings and behave right way.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain which skills person should have to be successful. He
should be sensible, assiduous and leader.

Why do you think some people are attracted to dangerous sports or other dangerous activities? Use
specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

I’m not hazardous and adventurous person. I don’t want to be involved in extreme activities, because I
prefer to guide a calm and moderate life. One of my friends is a fan of dangerous activities; he always
goes to various dangerous attractions or does extreme things in the yard. Occasionally because of his
activities he got to clinic several times, however he hasn’t ceased it. Despite that I still don’t totally
understand why people are attracted to dangerous activities; I’ll write own opinion why people do so.
First of all, dangerous involvement is attractive to many people. It was written in Bible that forbidden
fruit is sweet. People always were interested in activities that are perilous and unsafe. Although
sometimes these activities seem to be stupid for majority people, some of these dangerous activities
revealed the life of mankind. Conquest of the mountain peaks seems to many people perilous, but these
conquest gave us a lot of answers about Atmosphere. Conquest of the space is the same.
In addition to this, people who are engaged in dangerous activities get adrenaline. Adrenaline is a
substance which increases the reaction of organism, improves its performance and lifts the mood. For
example, one of my friends prefers to prepare to exam sitting in park at night. He says that because of
adrenaline he absorbs information much faster.
Finally, last researches showed that people who are attracted to dangerous sports have physical
deviation. Scientists found that extremals have weaker instinct of self-saving than majority people have.
Unfortunately, scientist also discovered that such people die more than other people because they put
themselves at greater risk.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why some people are engaged in risky activities.
Because these people are interested in it, they want to get adrenaline and they’re ill.
What are the important qualities of a good son or daughter? Have these qualities changed or remained
the same over time in your culture? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

Nowadays people devote much time to child-rearing. The world is a dangerous place to our children,
growing up child is a subject to bad influence. Parents are afraid that his child may be a drug-addicted,
an alcoholic or turn to criminal. Parents try to nurture a child's only good qualities and I’ll enumerate
these qualities.
First of all, child must be respectful to their parents. From the moment when child was born, parents
take care of him. Parents up bring their children, they feed them, and they provide clothes for them and
at last give base education. Only for this we should be grateful to our parents. After that we become
adult we must support our parents, help them in a hard moment and take care of them.
In addition to this, all parents want their children be intelligent. It doesn’t depend on family’s wealth,
education or social status, the goal of each family that in future their children will gain a success. As we
know only people who are diligent and industrious achieve a success, that’s why parents try to educate
children with these qualities.
Of course, all parents want to see their children self-dependent. Our parents prepare us to an adult life.
They sincerely want to see that their children occupy a good place in life, buy a real estate and finally
find a soul mate.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain which essential qualities of good son or daughter
should have. They must honor their parents, be sensible and independent.

Some people prefer to work for a large company. Others prefer to work for a small company. Which
would you prefer? Use specific reasons and details to support your choice.

Most successful and prominent companies are often large companies. However, many forget that most
these companies began from small companies and despite the widespread belief working in diminutive
firm has some advantages. I think that working in little company is better than doing the same thing in
wide company and I'll explain why.
First of all, there is a friendly atmosphere in small companies. In small companies people know each
other because they interact during the job time. In big companies it is less feasible to provide a friendly
atmosphere by the reason that there is a great amount of people and it would take a bulky number of
times to get acquainted with every employee.
In addition to this, it is less risky to work in little firm. As it was said in many economical researches
these firms run less risky operations and experiments due to this there is a less probability to them to
become bankrupt than giant companies. They can cease their activity only because of major economic
crisis. Large companies lose billions because of many experiments and improper marketing actions. It
follows that small companies have less debt and loans to banks.
Finally, in small companies the work process between departments goes faster. Large companies use
expensive, not mobile and still not effective computer software for exchanging information. In
comparison to big companies in small companies information flow occurs rapid and to direct
destination.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why it is better to work for small companies than in
large companies. They provide friendly atmosphere, it is less risky and finally it functions effectively.

Some people like to travel with a companion. Other people prefer to travel alone. Which do you prefer?
Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.

I can identify myself as a traveler with a considerable experience. I’m 19 years old and I have been in 12
countries. I enjoy travelling very much, however I have never been fully satisfied with these journeys. In
spite of that I was satisfied by visiting famous sightseeing, meeting national traditions and trialing
national cousins, I sometimes felt missing something and sadness. It’s because, from my first trip I have
a dream to travel with friends. I consider that having a trip with friends is more preferable than alone
and I’ll explain why I think so.
First of all, if an unpleasant situation happens you wouldn’t be alone to solve it. Life displays that it is
hard to solve displeasing case when you are single. Imagine that you walk in the city that you have come
and suddenly you have forgotten the path to hotel. If you are alone the situation is complex, but if you
have friend who knows the way to hotel and you’ll be saved.
In addition to this, I think that it is funnier and more attractive to travel with friends. I remember that
some years ago there was one TV show on Russian channel. It was called “Strange travelling”. The plot
of each series was the same. There were 2 guys that travelled around the world. They visited various
famous sightseeing and spoke funny stories about each trip. They also pronounced funny commentaries
about some event or customs in places where they were.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why it is better to travel with a companion or friends
than do the same alone, because it is safer and that’s more attractive.

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Face-to-face communication is better than other
types of communication, such as letters, E-mail, or telephone calls. Use specific reasons and details to
support your answer.

In the century of High technologies people less and less communicate in real life, because there are new
invented methods to communicate through various social networks, e-mail or finally telephone calls. It
has own advantages to speak through Internet. For example, if you friend or relative live in the in other
parts of the world, you can speak to him without any problems. However, I prefer face-to-face
communication and I’ll explain why.
First of all, when you communicate to somebody, you can understand his feelings. Of course, when you
speak to somebody through internet, you aren’t able to comprehend his intentions and feelings. He can
easily hide his feelings from other people. For example, person can write positive statuses on facebook,
but in fact he is sad. In real life, because of my respectable skills in intercourse it is not obstacle for me
to see if man is lying or speak truth.
In addition to this, face-to-face communication allows you to create a full conception of person. For
example, in internet people can describe themselves as ideal persons, but in real life they don’t know
basic principles of etiquette or rules of society behavior.
Finally, I have got used to face-to-face communication. Every day I speak to a lot of people through
social networks or messengers, but I don’t get any pleasure from it. I get much more satisfaction from
gathering with my friend and spend time in some places. It doesn’t depend on what the place is. It can
be a cinema, café, bowling or the other, the main to me is to gather.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why face-to-face communication is better than
distant communication. Because it creates a full picture of interlocutor and it displays all feelings.

Some movies are serious, designed to make the audience think. Other movies are designed primarily to
amuse and entertain. Which type of movie do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support
your answer.

Many people consider movie as a kind of modern art. Movie noticeably influenced the life of people. It is
perceived as a source of entertainment. Furthermore, even movie with a great sense and the idea is
considered as an entertaining. Unfortunately, most modern films are created only to amuse, but not to
think. I prefer movies that are serious and created for the purpose to think and I’ll explain why.
First of all, these films force person to think. For example such movies as the Shawshank Redemption,
Forest Gump or Green Mile made a huge impression on me. After watching them, it takes me some time
to think about my life, about all wrong and right actions that I’ve made in my life.
In addition to this, after watching these movies person draw a conclusion. At times, it can make so
vigorous effect on a person, that he heals a new life. Some people start to appreciate his life, friends and
other people. Such movies take out of depression and fulfill human life with enthusiasm.
Finally, person memorizes these movies for a long time. It is in contrary to entertainment movies,
because after watching them person forgets them in short. Furthermore, after watching serious movies,
you can see them again and usually they have the same effect that you experienced when you watched
it for the first time.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why serious movie that are designed to make the
audience to think is more preferable than entertainment movies. These movies make us think, we
summarize a conclusion and at last memorize them.

Some people believe that success in life comes from taking risks or chances. Others believe that success
results from careful planning. In your opinion, what does success come from? Use specific reasons and
examples to support your answer.

There is a popular phrase in Russia:”Nothing ventured, nothing gained”. I consider that this phrase is
wrong and because of such beliefs, people lose their money. Unfortunately, some people desire a big
quantity of “easy” money. By this reason, these people risk without logic. They play in lottery, invest
money in dubious activity or begin to create business without a business plan. In the end, only lack of
hazardous people win in it. However, I don’t consider that risk is a bad thing, because in everything that
we do has a portion of risk. I think that it’s better to have a careful plan, but with a little portion of risk
and I’ll explain why.
First of all, plan properly allocates your time and effort. Plan gives you a chance to know what to do and
gives the sequence of your actions. For example, for each activity I have a plan, even before getting out
of bed I schedule what I would do this day.
In addition to this, plan beforehand detects errors and miscalculations in your activity. For instance,
before making a presentation to my lessons in university, I make a plan and look at where the lack of
information is and where I should add extra data.
Finally, after making a plan you comprehend do you need to do something or not. It detects is it real to
success from your activity or you should totally change your strategy. About 3-4 years ago I had a choice
to engage in programming, web-design or video-design. I made a plan and I have understood that video-
design is the best one. After three years I have realized that my selection was right.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why careful planning is better than taking risks. By
making a plan you schedule every action in right way, find miscalculation and decide what to do.

What do you want most in a friend someone who is intelligent, or someone who has a sense of humor, or
someone who is reliable? Which one of these characteristics is most important to you? Use reasons and
specific examples to explain your choice.

Nowadays people have become more communicative than before. It’s generally connected with mass
using of different social networks, messengers and e-mails. Due to this, many people began to find new
friends and make relationships through internet. However, most of these relationships are not solid and
long. As 1000 years ago it’s still hard to find a good friend with good characteristics. I think the main
characteristic of friendship is reliability and I’ll explain why.
First of all, he will help you when you’re in trouble. In all proverbs in the world it is said that each is
know in the lurch. For example, once when I was at university it was given a task to write a final report
about accounting in small firms. The day before passing it I almost finished my work, when my computer
suddenly stopped working. I was in a panic and I didn’t know what to do. At last, I called to my friend
and told him about my problem and I added that his computer was required to finish my work. He
without problems let me do my work at his computer and next day I got excellent mark on my issue.
In addition to this, you can share your problem or secret with him and he wouldn’t tell it to somebody.
Now most people try not to share their secrets because they don’t believe that people are reliable.
However, if I have some problems, I appeal to some my friends, because they often give useful advice.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why I want that to be my friend reliable. At first he
can support you and keep your secrets.

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Most experiences in our lives that seemed
difficult at the time become valuable lessons for the future. Use reasons and specific examples to support
our answer.

As life shows most successful people faced a lot of problems and troubles in their lives, because of these
troubles they became more self-confident and stronger. These people even are pleased when they
collide with a hard situation. As they explain they extract benefits and lessons from these situations. I
think that person should experience difficulties in life and I explain why.
First of all, if person face the problem now, in future he will less have difficulties with this case. For
example, when I studied at school, I have passed exams in 5,6,9,10,11 classes. Each subsequent exam I
passed exam better than previous now. I also found that scholars who didn’t pass exams in 5-10 classes
faced a big troubles in passing school exams, because they didn’t get used to pass an exam.
In addition to this, people learn from faults and problems. Especially I during my short life impacted with
a variety of problems. But I thank god for these difficulties, because if I didn’t face them earlier it would
be a disaster in future. Furthermore, I think that it’s better to learn on a problems of the other people,
due to this because doing some activity I look through some literature and tips how to avoid hardships.
Finally, it tempers the character. For example, I still remember when I first met the problem; I was in
panic and scared. But now I have fun when I see a problem. Difficulty is not shock for me, it became a
commonplace.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why I agree that most experiments in our lives that
seemed difficult at the time became essential lessons for the future. People who meet difficulties are
stronger, they are not afraid to meet a hardship and they have got used to them.

Others prefer to work for an employer. Would you rather be self-employed, work for someone else, or
own a business? Use specific reasons to explain your choice.

It has become popular especially in Western countries to be self-employed or own a business. People in
our country do not want to lag behind the west and also try to construct own business. However, many
of them failed, because they want “easy” money and don’t think before making a business. I think that
it’s better for majority to work for someone else or within the firm, neither be self-employed and I’ll
explain why.
First of all, if you work for someone else, you’ll have a stable income and wage. Many people in the
world are engaged in freelance, it’s good from one side that you’re self-employed. The concept of
freelance is simple; you get orders such as to make a logo, advertising, or even software program and
get money from making these orders. The main disadvantage of it that one month you can get a lot of
orders, but next month you even are not able to get one.
In addition to this, there is a less risk if you work for someone else. As I have written in previous
paragraph, one month you can get a good profit, but next month you will be near to bankrupt. It’s very
risky to work such way. One of my friends worked in freelance for about 5-6 months and one day, there
were too many freelancers like him and he couldn’t withstand it. He had to find a stable work, because
he didn’t want to starve to death.
Finally, job in big companies can provide an employee with a variety of bonuses. For example, the head
of company can give additional bonuses and an increase in wages for people who work laboriously.
Furthermore, big corporations provide workers a good pension.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why it’s better to work within a company or for
someone else than to have own business and be self-employed. Work in a firm provides you with stable
income, less risk and additional profit.

Should a city try to preserve its old, historic buildings or destroy them and replace them with modern
buildings? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

When I read people’ opinions about destroying old buildings in our city, I see that most people don’t like
modern buildings. I agree with them that some destroyed buildings are our cultural heritage. However, I
think that most of demolished buildings spoiled the view of the city and they are no historic buildings
they don’t have any value, but I also agree that some modern and high skyscrapers in our city don’t fit
the architecture of the city. Generally I support building modern buildings and I’ll explain why.
First of all, modern buildings are ecologically clean. They don’t pollute the environment and they are not
a threat to the ecosphere. For example, some scientists don’t comprehend why Baku is a hot and dry
city, regardless that our city is located on the shore of the sea. Last researches revealed that buildings
which were built during the existence of Soviet Union contribute to the increase in temperature in the
city. Modern skyscrapers on the contrary cool temperature.
In addition to this, modern buildings are more reliable than the old one. Modern buildings are built
using new technologies which don’t repeat mistakes of previous designs and constructions. Some years
ago Japanese scientists came to our city and they were shocked, they found that old buildings are very
radioactive.
Finally, they look beautiful. I like the design of most modern buildings, they have interesting shapes, and
they sometimes look more effective than most old buildings.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why I think that modern buildings are better than
older one. They don’t pollute too much, they are not too dangerous and they are amazing.

If you were an employer, which kind of worker would you prefer to hire: an inexperienced worker at a lower salary
or an experienced worker at a higher salary? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

During the existence of Soviet Union, It was said that nobody wanted to work, but there was job
everywhere. Now everybody wants to work, but it’s almost impossible to obtain a good job. Employers
comment this situation as that person should be a professional to get a high position. I agree that If I
have a choose to select an inexperienced worker at a lower salary or an experienced worker at a higher
salary I would choose a professional and I’ll explain my option.
First of all, he would do his job fast. At the present time, it’s essential that job would be completed in
time or before certain period of time. It especially concerns various companies and firms because If they
wouldn’t do some work at time, they may be bankrupt. Professional worker will do the job rapidly by
the reason that he did such works before and it’s not problem for him to cope with the problem.
In addition to this, he would do his job careful. Due to the extensive experience he would do his job
qualitative. It’s because he studied at the previous errors and mistakes, that’s why he tries not to repeat
them. On the contrary, he learnt additional information from making them.
Finally, an experienced worker justifies the cost. As we can see famous companies and corporations try
to employ only experienced and sensible workers. Before it was popular to teach novices and
inexperienced workers, but it costs too much and takes much time for it. It takes place only in jobs in
which only long-term projects run.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why it’s better to hire an experienced worker at
higher salary than an inexperienced worker at a low salary. It’s because it’s effective and he does his job
fast and qualitative.

Many teachers assign homework to students every day. Do you think that daily homework is necessary for
students? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

I study on the faculty of business administration. Some teachers give us homework; the other doesn’t
give any assignment. That’s why we learn these subjects only before midterm and final exam. I think
that it’s better to do homework every day and I’ll explain why.
First of all, by obtaining homework person better comprehend the subject. When we do homework we
of course get information about the subject. For example, I have the subject which is called International
Business. Distinction between this lesson and the other is that teacher force students to read chapters
and write assignment once a week. I actually don’t like the teacher that lectures us, but I have to admit
that her method is efficient.
In addition to this, by obtaining homework person is more prepared to the exam. For example, at
university only few teachers gave us homework. However, these lessons I pass well than the others
because the material that was given at exam I learnt during semester and before exam It’s necessary
only to repeat the material that I passed through the course.
Finally, I consider that the main advantage of assigning homework that you memorize it for a long time.
For example, on the second course, I attended the course of leadership at university. As you can suspect
the lector who lead the lesson compel us to not only do homework, make assignments, but even make
reports and presentation. This course was very valuable for me by the reason that I use these lessons
even now. Yesterday I lead the presentation about computer technologies in one of the famous plaza in
the city and I repeated the tips that I studied during the lesson.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why assign homework to students every day is
necessary for students. Generally because students better perceive the item.

If you could study a subject that you have never had the opportunity to study, what would you choose? Explain your
choice, using specific reasons and details.

I’m on the third course of business administration at university. I like most of the subjects at university
and some of them attract me vigorously. However, sometimes there were subjects that I prefered to
study. The main of them is programming. I know that programming and economics are generally not
connected to each other, but I still want to study this subject and I’ll explain why.
First of all, I was always interested in how to build software programs. It’s attractive to me how
programmers and IT specialists create programs. What methods and ruses they use to develop it. For
example, it’s interesting to me how Bill Gates and Steve Balmer developed the first operating system
software in the world or how Steve Jobs invented the Apple and software for iphone, ipad and ipod.
In addition to this, most companies especially that is connected to economic and finance use
technologies that are produced by programmers. That means that accountant and financier who know
the programming will have priority over the person who is not aware. Modern financial institution uses
the software such as CISCO, Oracle that is compound for casual user, but they’re effortless for
programmers with experience.
Finally, I want to study programming by the reason that I want to create own software programs. As I
said many times, I created the first 3d game in Azerbaijan. However, it is not limit to me. On the
contrary, I wish to create the computer game that most gamers in the world would know.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why I would choose programming If I could study it.
It’s because I enquire it, programming is demanded in most spheres of economics and I wish to create
own software programs.

Some people think that the automobile has improved modern life. Others think that the automobile has caused
serious problems. What is your opinion? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

Once I was asked what is better public transportation or private car. Of course, from one point of view
public transportation is better than car by the reason that it’s cheaper and sometimes faster. For
example, subway is effective because it works with a stable rate. However, it is not convenient and it’s
sometimes crowded. I think that automobile is much better and I’ll explain why I think so.
First of all, because of creating of the automobile other types of transportation were devised. Only few
people know that airplanes, helicopters and ships work on the engine that first was framed only for cars.
Engine of automobile requires little fuel and is easy to install in contrast to other types of engines.
In addition to this, cars are a comfortable vehicle. Usually car can load more than 4 persons. If we take
into consideration the ratio of price and quality, we’ll clarify that it’s the most convenient
transportation. For example, I still remember how I traveled from Italy to France with the use of train.
Regardless that there were beds on the wall, it wasn’t comfortable for me. However, when I traveled
from Austria to Hungary by big car, it was so suitable to me that I even felled asleep in car.
Finally, I think that the main advantage is the capacity to go to any place that you want. For example,
train or bus can’t carry you to accurate place that you need. Only by car you may get to place that you
require as close as it possible. At last, we shouldn’t forget that car is one of the fastest type of
transportation
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why automobiles made an important step in the
history of mankind. It influenced to other types of transportation, they made our life comfortable and
allowed to reach any places.

Acme corporation.

All people want to be successful in life and they comprehend that the key of the success is to be rich and
self-independent. One of the best ways to get a status is to be hired to huge and famous corporation.
However, it’s not as slight as many people have got used to think. Let’s look at the diagram that shows
the hiring process at a large corporation. We must divide these processes into three time intervals.
The recruitment process starts from the submit application. The submit application generally is
composed of name, surname, age, education, nationality, hobbies and of course experience. After
reviewing application, the interviewer values the skills of potential employee. If he doesn’t meet basic
qualifications, he wouldn’t have a chance to be employed.
The second main part in recruitment process is taking aptitude test. It is hard test to people who doesn’t
have a work experience, because it’s hard only with university education to get even such job. I think
that Aptitude test is the main part in the process because It depends on could you show yourself in work
space.
The final part is six-month evaluation. In this step employee should work as assiduous as he is able.
Applicant should exhibit to people at the top that he deserves the work position. If he is recommended
by other workers and managers he would be offered a permanent position at the company.
At last, after reviewing this process we can make conclusion. It’s not easy to get a good position in Acme
Corporation, because they demand diligent, clever and purposeful employees.
Which would you choose: a high-paying job with long hours that would give you little time with family and friends or a lower-
paying job with shorter hours that would give you more time with family and friends? Explain your choice, using specific reasons
and details.

Job is one of the main parts of life of everyone. In these difficult times it is arduous to find a job. It
doesn’t depend on if this work is less-paid or high-paid. Many people are asked what they would select
a high-paying job with long hours that would give you little time with family and friends or a lower-
paying job with shorter hours that would give you more time with family and friends. Of course, I would
pick out a high-paying job with long hours and I'll explain why.
First of all, with high money you would have money for better entertaining activities than with few
money. For example, you can see that majority of men enjoy drinking beer and playing card games, but
people who have more money prefer to travel to Brazil to participate in Carnival.
In addition to this, you get more pleasure from friends and family by the reason that you see them
infrequently. You likely will confirm that people who rarely meet with dear people, they more value
time with them. For example, I love my cousin. I see her rarely, but when she finely came to me, it
makes me happy and it’s pleasing to me to be with her.
Finally, the main advantage is with high salary you will not starve to death, if you suddenly lose the job. I
mean that people who get little salary and spend their money on enjoyments are near to starvation.
People who earn more money try to hoard money to great amusement and that’s why they always have
money to live in severe period of life.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why I think that high-paying job with long hours that
would give you little time with family and friends is a superior selection. It’s primarily because of greater
money, exonerated pleasure to see family and friends.

Some people say that computers have made life easier and more convenient. Other people say that computers have made life
more complex and stressful. What is your opinion? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

Information Technologies made a big influence on the life and history of people. IT develops with a
tremendous rate; even now we’re witnesses of it. 10 years before nobody could imagine that nowadays
we will use social network to communicate each other. Only minority blame technologies for many
disadvantages. They say that Internet is full of violence and forbidden content. They also consider that
internet makes people lazier and passive. Nevertheless, I think that modern technologies made our life
comfortable and float. Now I enumerate my arguments.
First of all, Computer created a vast of methods to study. There are plenty of software that educate
languages, design, programming and even account management. Additionally, there are reminders-
program which can remind you that you must learn, or repeat something. But I think the main
achievement is video conversations through computers. Your teacher can be found in the other part of
the world, however he trains you through internet.
In addition to this, it is one of the best source of convenient communication. Person can communicate
through various methods. The best examples of it are messengers, social networks, e-mails and even
web-sites. In my opinion, the best method to talk is Skype, because when you speak through skype you
can use microphone and web-camera.
Finally, we shouldn’t neglect that IT presented the internet to the world. Internet is the main source of
information at the moment. Internet covers all types of information that you require. It’s indispensable
for me because information varies from basic principles of economics to weaknesses in the tax system.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could prove that computers made our life better and lighter.

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The best way to travel is in a group led by a tour
guide. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

I am a traveler with a really great experience. As I said many times I was in 12 countries and it’s not limit
to me. Generally we had trips without guides or instructors and behaved independently without them.
Only 5-6 times we used services of guides and I consider that it’s better to travel with them and I’ll
explain why.
First of all, he knows attractive places and their history. When you travel with guide, he always tell
interesting stories about statues, monuments, buildings, architectural facades, and even old destroyed
memorials. You learn from guides even more than you have read in Wikipedia.
In addition to this, he is aware of rules and customs of the country. As an example, when I was in China,
we were in company with very interesting person who told a lot of interesting concerning Chinese
Etiquette. I have learnt that Chinese prefer to entertain in public places rather than in their homes,
especially when entertaining foreigners. If you are invited to their house, you should consider it as a
great honor. Additionally, don’t offend if a Chinese person makes belching sounds. If he did so, it would
mean that they enjoy the meal.
Finally, he knows how to entertain and give additional advices. You should know that professional guide
is acquainted of everything about city or country in which he operates. He is aware of place where and
how you can entertain. He can give you advices what is the best way to spend a time in a city. We
sometimes ask them where to buy cheap souvenirs and taste delicious national cuisine.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could prove why it is better to travel with a group that is led by a
tour guide.

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Grades (marks) encourage students to learn.
Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

Once we had a management lesson at university. The topic generally discussed a salaries in the work
place. Teacher cites as an example a case in which there were two workers. One worked showed himself
as an intelligent and hazardous person. Another worker in contrary was lazy and not very clever. Top-
manager decided to increase a salary to both employees and to look at behavior of workers. The result
exhibited that their behavior didn’t change. I think that situation with the grades is the same. I don’t
agree that marks encourage students to learn and here are my arguments.
First of all, man becomes relaxed. For example, when I entered the university, I was so tired, but at the
same time happy that I didn’t have a force to do something. Because of my long state of relaxation I
wasn’t ready to study at university. I wasn’t concentrated because I still had a regime of euphoria.
In addition to this, I think that marks don’t change any things. Especially for me marks and grades
weren’t for me something significant. The purpose of my education is knowledge and skills.
On contrary, bad marks force people to learn. For example, on the first course I was afraid that I would
get bad mark on economy course. I had read all chapters and lessons about the subject to pass it good.
At last, I got A on this subject because of industriousness and fear to fail the subject.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why I don’t support the opinion that grades and
marks encourage students to learn.

Some universities require students to take classes in many subjects. Other universities require students to
specialize in one subject. Which is better? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

I am majoring of business administration at university and students of our course generally study
everything that’s connected to business, management and economics. Nevertheless, sometimes we
pass lessons of politics, programming, history and even communication. I consider that it is beneficial to
people to study classes in many subjects than to specialize in one subject. Here is my opinion.
First of all, additional knowledge is not obstacle to person. Enlarging of mental outlook is always
appreciated by most people. However, I also should notice that extra courses need not to distract
students from learning of general classes. For example, I had a politics class at university, but it was
difficult to learn and when the exam time had come. I had to prepare mostly this subject and gave less
attention to the other.
Additionally, learning new subjects can be useful when you apply to job. Modern corporations demand
workers, who aren’t specialized in only one field, but also who are creative and have skills in the other
spheres. I would give an example from a life of my father. My father finished a medical university but he
had skills and knowledge in IT, design and even programming. That’s why he could find a good job in the
field that’s not even concerned on medicine.
Finally, supplementary knowledge can make invaluable help when emergency brake cases take place. As
I told before an example of my father, I want to add one case at his workplace. He generally operates on
working with databases and makes analysis on them, but once boss said to his employees, that they
need a site about one of their project. Nobody there could make site, because it’s not their
specialization. However, my father said that he can make web-site without any problems.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why I think that it’s good to take classes in many
subjects.

Is it more important to be able to work with a group of people on a team or to work independently? Use
reasons and specific examples to support your answer.

During my short life I have worked in many places. I worked in a group of people and I worked
independently. At the moment, I work with a group of people and we create computer software
programs. I think that it is better to work in team than to work independently and I’ll explain why I think
so.
First of all, if people work in group there is an increase in overall performance. This advantage is clearly
in first place in the list of the benefits of working in groups. You can use the best qualities of each
member of the group and, thus, improve the quality of products. As instance, one man in group is the
best at design, another at the creativity, the last one is hardworking, if the leader in a group is intelligent
and capable the output will be great. In extra example, if you will look at most software programs that
are popular in the world, most ideas generally were created by one person, but they were finished only
with group.
In addition to this, in group there is a presence of large resources. You get more knowledge, experience,
skills and perspectives to solve problems. For example, when there is a problem, each person of the
group can give own idea how to solve it.
At last, when you give a specific task to team, you mark the dates for its completion. Of course, the
group is easier to carry out this project than individually. Therefore, it can do more projects in less time.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why it is better to work in team than to work
independently.

Page 73. Topic 3.

The graphs below show the figures for population distribution the northwest for 1900-2050.

Here we see 4 graphs that represent an amount of people in rural, suburban and urban areas. Let learn
the dynamics of changing the population by observing an amount of people in rural, suburban and
urban areas.
As we can see about 65 % of people lived in rural areas in 1990. However, by 1950 some people moved
to suburban and urban areas. Nevertheless, most people still lived in rural areas. The situation
powerfully changed by 2000. Now there are only 20 % people live in rural areas. Scientists predict that
only 10 % of people by 2050 will live in rural areas.
The situation with suburban area is on the contrary. Only 10 % of people in the northwest lived in
suburban area and by 1950 the population increased twice. Now there are about 40 % of people live
here, the situation in city is the same. It’s projected that in future most people would live in suburban
area.
Urban population didn’t change too much through the year. In 1900 and 1950 30 % of people lived in
the city. It increased by 10 % in 2000, but scientists forecast that in 2050 population in urban areas will
decrease by 30 %.
At last, we can make a conclusion that there is a tendency of moving from rural areas to suburban and
urban areas. This tendency takes places in most countries of the world as country develops, because
wages and living standards in cities are better than in rural areas.

Palm Grove became a resort when accessibility from the outside improved.

As we can see there are 3 maps which exhibits the Palm Groove in 1950, 1975 and 2000. Let’s describe
each of them in detail.
In 1950, there were only few hotels and these hotels didn’t get too much income, because this place
wasn’t popular to tourist. Native people generally were engaged in fishing. People came here only to
visit relatives or to catch a fish.
In 1975, the situation powerfully changed. The government decided to build 4 lane road near Palm
Grove to improve the situation and develop this area. As a new road was built, a lot of tourists filled the
region. Palm Grove became more tourist-oriented place, new hotels were built. Citizens engaged in field
that concerns tourism.
In 2000, Palm Grove became one of the popular touristic places in region. Because of new airport
tourists come from various part of the country. People are engaged only in tourism business.
77. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Children should begin learning a foreign
language as soon as they start school. Use specific reasons and examples to support your position.

78. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Boys and girls should attend separate
schools. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

In our country all governmental school and universities are attended by boys and girls.

Your city has decided to build a statue or monument to honor a famous person in your country. Who
would you choose? Use reasons and specific examples to support your choice.

In last decades, Azerbaijan has made a big jump in development. The budget of our country grows each
year and our country became regional leader in many parameters. Moreover, after 70 years of soviet
occupation, people are enthusiastically involved in culture revival of our country. People more respect
our national heroes and leaders than before. I honor many of our historical personalities, but I mostly
respect Shah Ismayil Xatai. We have a monument of him in Baku, but I think that this monument should
be placed in more prominent and better place. I’ll explain my choice.
First of all, he united our country and created a powerful empire. About 500-600 years before
Azerbaijan was under occupation and it was a place of strife. Many people before him tried to unify our
country, but most of them were weak governors or didn’t have enough power.
In addition to this, he is one of the first people who could protect motherland from external threats.
State was surrounded by dangerous enemies as Osman Empire, Iranian khans and various rebels. Shah
Ismayil Xatai could defeat all and conquer the vast territory, which was bigger than the territory of
modern Iran.
Finally, he revived culture and economics in the country. Shah Ismayil Xatai supported various directions
of art, moreover he had great abilities in writing. Even now people admires his poetry. Additionally,
because of Ismail’s reforms, people became live better and even foreigner travelers wondered our
human welfare.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain why Shah Ismayil Xatai diverse a better place to
perpetuate the memory of him.

Describe a custom from your country that you would like people from other countries to adopt. Explain
your choice, using specific reasons and examples.

I was in many countries and I saw many useful and mighty customs. When I was in European countries, I
could observe that most people are well-educated and cultured. I even envied, because I have to
adjudicate that there aren’t too many such people in our country. I sometimes consider that we must
import some European values. However, I think that we have some useful customs that people from
foreign countries can adopt.
First of all, it is a respect for adults. From foreign movies we might survey that children who becomes
adult, leave the house of their parents and make their lives. Yes, from one point of view it is normal, but
most of these children forget their parents, they don’t visit them and in some awful cases, they even
don’t attend funeral of parent. In our country, people of young generation respect adult and old people.
Actually we can supervise it if you’ll use public transportation. Most young people give their places to
women and old people.
Additionally, people of our country don’t abuse bad habits. In many developed countries people drink
too much alcohol beverages and smoke many cigarettes. Russia, Japan, USA takes first places in such
ratings. Our country is on contrary takes one of the last places in rating of “abuse of drugs”. It’s because
our people were powerfully influenced by Islamic religion. Due to Islam, drinking of alcohol is forbidden.
Finally, people have powerful kinship. For example, if a relative of person has a problem, person would
try to help him. If person is on a good position, he would give him a job or respectable amount of
money.
Summarizing my essay, I think that I could explain which customs of our country people from other
countries can adopt.

Some people say that the Internet provides people with a lot of valuable information. Others think access to so much
information creates problems. Which view do you agree with? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

I think, Internet is one of the greatest inventions that were ever created by people. For me internet is a
best source of information and communication. However, some people blame internet for variety of
reasons. They say that Internet allows downloading illegal content which ruin the business, sometimes
spoil children's horizon and finally, provides you with wrong and useless information. Of course, there
are some disadvantages, but I generally think that the Internet provides people with a lot of valuable
information.
First of all, Internet is very useful when you study. For example, when you need to write an assignment
or to make presentation, internet is very essential equipment. You can get not only valuable text
information from internet, but also use music, videos or images.
In addition to this, Internet is good to enlarge horizon. Internet provides you not only with general
materials from Wikipedia or other encyclopedias, but you also have an opportunity to download works
of world literature. Even some years ago it became legal to read bestsellers and classics of world
literature. The initiative came from US and UK government that did it for the purpose of making popular
to read literature.
Finally, Internet is good source information for scientists. For example, I heard a story from my relative
who is a doctor. Once he told that one his patient had a hard disease and doctors didn’t know the
accurate method to cure him. Most of methods were dangerous to the life of patient. Suddenly one of
doctors in hospital found that there appeared a new drug that can treat this decease without any
hazardous operation. They ordered this medicine and treated him within one week. It’s a good example
how Internet can save a life.
Summarizing my essay, I think I could explain why Internet provides people with a lot of valuable
information.

A foreign visitor has only one day to spend in your country. Where should this visitor go on that day? Why? Use specific reasons
and details to support your choice.

From year to year our country is more and more visited by tourists. Many of them are interested in a
culture and history of Azerbaijan. If I could have a chance to show a foreign visitor our country for one
day, I would show him 3 places: Iceri Sheher, Gobustan and Boulevard.
Baku can be divided into two parts: inner city and modern city. Iceri Sheher (it is also called Inner city) is
a small part of city that consists generally of old buildings. The oldest one is Maiden Tower that is a
symbol of Baku. It is still a mystery who and why constructed this tower. Most monuments and
installation were built during Arab conquest. The Palace Mosque, the palace and the mausoleum of
Sayyid Yahya Bakuvi are example of eastern architecture.
Gobustan is a famous place for many people who are interested in archeology. This place contains of
more than 6,000 rock engravings dating back between 5,000 - 40,000 years. This place is known also the
remains of inhabited caves and settlements that shows an intensive human use by the inhabitants of the
area during the wet period that followed the last Ice Age.
Boulevard is one of the most beauteous sites in Baku. The length of the park is 3 km 700 m now.
However, government has claimed that after general reconstruction it would be 25 km. Boulevard is full
of restaurants, cafe, attractions, shops and trade center. The best way to enjoy the view of the
boulevard is from ships. The ticket to ship is cheap, that’s why residents of Baku often use them.
Summarizing my essay, I think I could say where and why the visitor of our country can enjoy for a day.