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# ﻿SULIT 4531 Physics August 2010

4531

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN BERSAMA SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA 2010

ANJURAN

PERSIDANGAN KEBANGSAAN PENGETUA·PENGETUA SEKOLAH MENENGAH MALAYSIA CAW ANGAN PERLIS

PHYSICS

PERATURANPEMARKAHAN

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Peraturan pemarkahan ini mengandungi 13 halaman bercetak

2

PAPERl

1. B 11. B 21. A 31. B 41. B
2. D 12. A 22. D 32. e 42. B
3. D 13. D 23. D 33. D 43. B
4. C 14. B 24. C 34. e 44. D
5. D 15. C 25. B 35. D 45. C
6. B 16. B 26. e . 36. B 46. C
..
7. C 17. D 27. D 37. B 47. A
8. D 18. D 28. C 38. c. 48. C
9. B ~ 19. C 29. A 39. A 49. A
10. C 20. A 30. e 40. A 50. B "

PAPER 2

Section A

NO MARKING CRITERIA MARK
SUB TOTAL
1 (a) Vernier scale 1
(bXi) Zero error 1
(ii) -O.02mm 1
(c) 12.86mm 1 4
2 (a) Nuclear fission .1
(b) x=36 1
y=92 1
(c) . Heat energy 1
Loss of mass I I mass defect 1 5
.
3 (a) Gravitational force 1/ weight 1
Air resistance /1 frictional force 1
(bXi) Velocity decreases imtil becomes constant /1 acceleration decreases until 1
becomes zero
(ii) Plastic ball 1
(c) Less air resistance I I higher speed I I smaller space area 1
.
(d) Same velocity II same speed II same acceleration It acceleration 1 5
9.811l0ms-2 "

3

NO MARKING CRITERIA MARK
SUB TOTAL
4(aXi) Series 1
(ii) Parallel 1
12
(b) 5 1
2.4 A 1
..
(c) 4 X 12 II 42 ~_ 3//1:2 1
<~ 48 J S-l 1
(d) Resistance increases 1 7
5 (a) The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 kg of substance 1
through 1 DC ,
(b)(i) Specific heat capacity of water greater than specific heat capacity' of tiles. 1
(ii) Increasing of temperature of pond water smaller than the increasing of 1
temperature of the tiles.
(c) The greater the specific heat capacity, the smaller the 'increasing of the 1
temperature
(d) Decrease II l~s than 32 DC 1
Heat loss to the surroundings (air) 1
(e) Temperature y less than temperature x. 1
Heat from tiles loss to surroundings more II specific heat capacity of tiles
smaller. 1 8
6 (a) Electromagnet is a magnet in which a magnetic field is produced by the 1
flow of electric current.
(bXi) Current in electromagnet Y larger than X 1
(ii) The amount iron filling attracted in electromagnet Y more than in X 1
.
(iii) When current increases, the amount of iron filling attracted increases 1
(c) North pole 1 4

NO

MARKING CRITERIA

MARK

SUB TOTAL

(e) Increase the number of dry cell 1
Increase the number of turns 1 8
7(a)(i) Archimedes' Principle 1
(ii) Liquid Q is denser than liquid P 1
(iii) Make the glass tube thinner / / longer 1
(b )(i) To indicate (tell) the maximum safe loading of ship in different types of 1
water
(ii) 1.5 x 105 N 1
(iii) 1.5 x 105 = 1.15xl03 X V x 10 1
13.0 m 2 1
(c) h increases as the density of water increases 1
(d) Any two
- The hull is wider ~ ~
- Do not overload the ship
- Part of ship beneath water is deeper than part of ship above water level
- Center of gravity of ship is low
- Cargo is evenly distributed 2 10 8(a)(i) P: thermiostat 1

Q: diode 1

(ii) To protect the transistor from being damaged by the large induced e.m.f 1

in the relay coil when the collector current, Ie drops to zero.

5

NO .MARKING CRITERIA MARK
SUB TOTAL

(iii) Temperature . Rp Vp R VR Transistor (ON 3
(suhu) 1 II 1 or OFF)
r ~ r
High 0 0 1 1 ON11
Low 1 1 0 0 OFFJ
.. J
(iv) -At room temperature, the thermistor has a high resistance compared to R. 5
-Base voltage of the transistor is too low to switch on the transistor.
-When the thermistor is heated, its resistance drops considerablely
compared to R
-Base voltage, VB is high enough to switch on the transistor.
-Relay switch is activated and the relay is switched on
(b) Fire alarm system 1 12 ..

6 SECTIONB

NO MARKING CRITERIA MARK
SUB TOTAL
9(a) Mass is the amount of matter in an object. 1 1
(b) Lorry Car
Mass Mass of the lorry is bigger. Mass of the ear is smaller. 1
Ability Takes longer time to speed Easierllfaster to speed
Stopping Harderllslower to stop Easierllfaster to stop
(from moving. moving.
rest) Takes longer time to stop Takes shorter time to stop 1
moving. moving.
The greater the mass of a vehicle, the harder it is for the vehicle to start 1
moving from rest.
Physics concept: inertia. 1 5
* Marks are given on either answers on lorry or car or the combination
of it.
(c )(i) The inertia of the driver maintains the forward motion when the car I
stops suddenly.
(ii) Wearing a seat belt: 1
Restrains the body of the driver from being thrown forward//inside or
outside the car. I
It slows down the forward movement of the driver when the car stops
suddenly. 1 4
(d) Design or way Explanation/reason
Acceleration Smaller mass The smaller the mass the smaller its inertia 2
Therefore the rocket will accelerate faster.
Shape Nose cone!! To improve the aerodynamics of the rocket. 2
Bullet shape on top of
the body
Structure The bottle filled with Serves as the propulsion of the water 2
mixture of water and rocketJlThe air pressure propels the rocket
air skyward (upward)
Buoyant force Equipped with The parachute increases the surface area of 2
(upthrust) . parachute an object so it has more contact with the
wind, which decreases the speed of the
object (due to air resistant)
Stability of Fitted with fins Helps to stabilize the water rocket by 2 10
the motion spaced equally around lowering the centre of pressure (gravity)
the rocket body.
20 \

7

NO MARKING CRITERIA MARK
SUB TOTAL
10{a)(i) Interference of waves 1 1
(ii) - wavelength depend on depth of water 1
- . increasing/decreasing of depth will cause the wave to refract 1
- refraction will increase/decrease the length of wavelength 1
- the jiodal/antinodal line will be affected 1 4
(iii) - wave pattern from diagram 10.1 is the same as in diagram 10.2 1
- wavelength produce by the two spherical dipper in diagram 10.1 is the
same as in diagram 10.2 1
- the distance between the two consecutive antinodes is greater in
diagram 10.1 than 10.2 1
- the distance between the two consecutive nodes is greater in diagram
10.1 than 10.2 1
- increase in the distance between the two coherent source will decrease
the distance between the two consecutive nodes or antinodes 1 5
(bXi) - sonar is a reflection from an ultrasonic waves. (ultrasonic echoes) 1 1
(ii) - ultrasonic wave has a higher frequency waves, it has more energy so
it can move further 1
- it do not produce noise 1 2
(iii) - attach ultrasonic transmitter to a ship 1
- use a microphone receiver to detect ultrasonic pulses 1
- direct the ultrasonic pulses from the transmitter to the seabed 1
- use microphone receiver to pick up the reflected pulses from the
seabed 1
.
- measure the time taken by the pulses to travel to the seabed and
return 1
- calculate the depth of the water using the formula d = (v x t)/2 2 7
.
20 8 SECTIONC

"

NO MARKING CRITERIA MARK
SUB TOTAL
11 (a) State focallength correctly
(i) Distance between optical centre and focal point 1 1
State the explanation correctly
(ii) LeAS in Diagram ·11.1 is thinner 1
Focal length in Diagram 11.1 is longer 1
The thinner the lens the longer the focal length 1
The thinner the lens the higher the power of lens 1 4
(b) Correct substitution for f
(i) 1 1
-
5
..... 0.2 m / 20 em 1 2
(ii) Correct substitution v
" 20x30 / 600 / 60 1
30-20 10 1
60cm/O.6m .. 1 2
~"
60 / 2
- 1 1
30
(c) State the suitable Objective lens and reason correctly
- Convex lens 1
- Image is real and inverted 1
State the suitable Eyepiece lens and reason correctly
- Convex lens 1
- Image is virtual and magnified 1
State the suitable Objective of focallength,1o and reason
correctly
- Longer 1
- must have a lower power 1
State the suitable diameter of the objective lens and reason
correctly.
- have the larger diameter 1
- produce the brighter image 1
State most suitable choice of telescope and justification
correctly
- S and .Convex lens of objective lens, Convex lens of Eyepiece 1+1 10
lens, longerj, and larger diameter
20 9

NO MARKING CRITERIA MARK
SUB TOTAL
12 (a) State electromagnet correctly
A temporary magnet 1 1
(b) State the explanation correctly
(i) Current, I directly proportional to the number of paper clips
attached, n 1
llie strength of electromagnet increases 1 2
(ii) The magnitude of the current I number of batteries (dry cells) 1
The use of soft iron core 1 2
(c) State the suitable number of turns of coil in the generator and
reason correctly
- High number of turns of coil 1
- Larger force acting on the coil I higher electromagnetic field 1
strength
State the suitable density of the coil in the generator and
reason correct1y
- Low derisity material 1
- Coil has smaller mass !lighter 1
State the suitable strength of the magnets in the generator and
reason correctly
- High strength magnets 1
- Larger force acting on the coil 1
State the suitable arrangement of components in the
rectification circuit
- Using 4 diodes and a capacitor 1
- 4 diodes to produce full-wave rectification and capacitor as a 1
smoother
State most suitable choice of generator and justification
correctly
- Y and high number of turns of coil, low density, high strength of 1 10
magnets and 4 diodes and a capacitor. 1
(d) State the suitable conductor
(i) Aluminium 1 1
(ii) Correct substitution for I
240 1
-_.
30
Correct ~nswer with unit
SO 1 2
(iii) Correct substitution for P
82 x30 /64x30 1
1920 W' ., 1 2
20 10 PAPER 3 SECTION A

NO

MARKING CRITERIA

MARK

1

1

1

1

1+1

1+1

1 1 1

1

Best straight line

5 points plotted correctly[Note: 3 or 4 points plotted correctly givel mark] 2

1

(d) States the correct relationship based on the straight line drawn d is inversely proportional to n II d is directly proportional to lin

SUB TOTAL

l(a)(i) State. the correct manipulated variable Refractive index, n

(ii) State the correct responding variable Apparent depth, d

(iii) State one flxed variable Real depth, D

(b )(i) Calculate of lIn correctly (table) All 5 values correct - 2 marks

3 or 4 values correct - 1 mark

(ii) Record the readings of d correctly (table) All 5 values correct - 2 marks

3 or 4 values correct - 1 mark

(b) Tabulate n, lin and d correctly

lin

deem)

1

1

1

2

2

7

5

1

16

n

1.33

0.752

15.0

1.38

0.724

145 .

1.43

0.699

14.0

1.50

0.667

13.3

1.63

0.613

12.3

Shows a table which have n, lin and d (with correct unit of d) lin consistent to 2, 3 or 4 decimal places

d consistent to 1 decimal places

(c) Draw correctly a graph of d against lin

d at the y-axis, .!. at the x-axis and correct units at d axes n

Uniform scale at both axes

11

..

NO MARKING CRITERIA MARK
SUB TOTAL
x increases II x is directly proportional to D. 1 1
(ii) Draws the intrapolation line from x = 0.9 m to the graph and from 1
the graph to the D - axis
States the correct value and its unit of D.
3.2m 1 2
-
(b )(i) Draw large triangle 1
Showing the correct calculation 1
0.28 1 3
(ii) Showing the correct calculation
0.5 x 0.28
1
0.14m 1 2
(c) Showing the correct calculation
0.14 = 1.5 k
1
0.09 1 2
(d) State one suitable precaution
The experiment is carried out in open space to avoid sound from being 1 1
reflected.
12 12 SECTIONB

. .

NO MARKING CRITERIA MARK
SUB TOTAL
3(a) Making the right inference
The mass /1 volume affects the rise in temperature II temperature 1 1
(b) Building an appropriate hypothesis
The greater the mass II volume, the smaller the rise in temperature II 1 1
temperature
(cXi) Stating the aim of the experiment
To investigate-the relationship between the mass and rise in temperature 1
(of water)
(iir Stating the correct variables
Manipulated variable: Mass t
Responding variable: Increase in temperature
Fixed variable: Heat supplied II Time of heating II Power of the heater 1
(iii) List of appropriate apparatus and material
Beaker, water, thermometer, immersion heater, stopwatch, balance for 1
measuring mass
(iv) Describing set up of the apparatus
Draws a labeled and functional diagram of the set up of the apparatus 1
(v) State how the manipulated variable is controlled
Put a mass of 100 g of water in a beaker 1
State how the responding variable is measured
Switch on the heater for 5 minutes and record the temperature rise . 1
State how the procedure is repeated to obtain at least 5 sets Of results
Repeat the experiment with 150 g, 200 g, 250 g and, 300 g of water. 1
(vi) Tabulating data 1
Mass of water / g Temperature rise I °C
100
150
200
250
300
(vii) Analysing data
The graph of temperature rise against mass is drawn 1 10
Note: Mark accordingly if the manipulated variable is 12
volume 13

NO

MARKING CRITERIA

MARK

1

SUB TOTAL

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

12

Fixed variable : volume of water 1

(iii) List of appropriate apparatus and material

Beaker, ammeter, immersion heater, thermometer, connecting wire, 1

rheostat and stop watch

(iv) State a functional arrangement of the apparatus

Draws a labeled and functional diagram of the set up of the apparatus. 1

4(a) Making the right inference

The heating effect of a conductor is affected by magnitude of the current.

(b) Building an appropriate hypothesis

The larger the current, the higher the temperature of the water which is being heated

(c)(i) Stating the aim of the experiment

To investigate the effect of current on heating

..

(ii) Stating the correct variables

Manipulated variable : current, I Responding variable : temperature, B

(v) State how the manipulated variable is controlled

• Pour 200cm3 of water into the beaker and measure its temperature.

State how the responding variable is measured

• switch on the circuit and adjust the rheostat until the reading of ammeter is 1.0 A.

• The stop watch is started.

• The final temperature is recorded after 2 minutes.

State how the procedure is repeated to obtain at least 5 sets of results

• Step repeated by adjusting the rheostat so that the ammeter readings are 2.0 A, 3.0 A, 4.0 A and 5.0 A.

(vi) Tabulating data

Increased in Temperature, B / "C

Current, II A

1.0

2.0 •

3.0

4.0

5.0

(vii) Analysing data

The graph of increased in temperature against current is drawn

1

10

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