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7.1 Heat as a Form of Energy

1 Complete the following chart.



Sources of heat Uses of heat

(b) (g)

(c) (h)

(d) (i)

(e) (j)

(f) (k)

7.2 The Effects of Heat Flow on Matter

2 Complete the crossword puzzle below.

1 5

1 The flow of heat through a solid is called ____________________.
3 ______________________is the process of heat flowing through fluids such as
liquids and gases.
5 Solids that do not conduct heat are called _____________________.

2 When water is heated, it _________________________.
4 The heat from the Sun reaches the Earth by________________________.
6 Natural convection phenomena include _____________________and land breeze.

7.3 Effect of Heat On Matter

3 Name each process labeled in Diagram 1.



Diagram 1
7.4 Application of Expansion and Contraction of Matter

4 Complete the table by filling in the blanks.

Situation Explanation

Hung loosely between poles so that
the wires will not                        
when they contract.
Overhead cables

(b) Rollers in steel bridges allow bridge
to                               easily when 
being heated.
Steel bridge

To avoid the railway tracks                           
                    and bend when the iron
railings expand on hot days. 
Railway track

7.5 Absorbing and Giving Out Heat

5 Underline the correct word in the brackets so that each sentence becomes a correct
(a) The ability of an object to absorb or give out heat rays depends on the [volume, s
surface] condition of the object.
(b) The amount of heat that is absorbed by an object depends on the [type, size] and
colour of its surface.
(c) [Dark, white] and [dull, shiny] surface absorb heat better.
(d) The amount of heat absorbed also depends on the [density, temperature] around
the object.

7.6 The Benefits of Heat Flow

6 Fill in the blanks with suitable words.

(a) High building with glasses and silvery wall to _______________ heat.
(b) People live in hot climate like to wear light-coloured clothing to ____________
heat absorption.
(c) Cooling fins of refrigerator are painted black to ________________ heat easily.
7.1 Heat as a Form of Energy

1 Which of the following is true regarding heat?

A A form of energy
B It cannot do work
C It is measured in degree Celsius
D The degree of hotness or coldness of a body

2 Diagram 1 shows two metal balls A and B being heated in water.

Glass rod
Metal  Metal 
ball B ball A
Boiling water
(100O C)

Diagram 1
Each ball is transferred into separate beaker containing 50 cm3 of water at 30OC.
Which of the following is true about this experiment?
A Metal ball B expands more than metal ball A
B Water in both beakers have the same temperature
C The water with metal ball B has higher temperature than A
D Metal ball B has lower contents of heat compare to metal ball A

7.2 The Effects of Heat Flow on Matter

3 Diagram 2 shows 5 thumbtacks labelled P, Q, R, S and T that are stuck on a copper

rod using candle wax.

Diagram 2

Which of the following thumbtacks will fall off first when the rod is heated?

4 Which of the following are heat insulators?

A Lead, iron and zinc
B Wool, silver and rubber
C Mercury, rubber and wood
D Rubber, wood and polystyrene
5 Diagram 3 shows a phenomenon.

Diagram 3
Which of the following is correct about the phenomenon?
A Hot air above the land rises
B Land becomes colder than the sea
C Cool air from sea moves to the land
D The phenomenon is called sea breezes

7.3 Effect of Heat on Matter

6 Which of the following is true about evaporation?

A Evaporation is a fast process
B Heat is released during evaporation
C Evaporation takes place on solid surface
D Evaporation takes place at any temperature

7 Diagram 4 shows changes in the states of water.


Diagram 4
Which of the following is true to represent process I, II and III?
A Freezing Boiling Sublimation

B Melting Boiling Condensation

C Melting Evaporation Sublimation

D Boiling Sublimation Melting


1 In hot countries, white or bright clothing are appropriate to be worn so that

A heat can spread
B heat can be reflected
C heat can be absorbed
D heat can be scattered

2 Diagram 1 shows a metal ball that cannot pass through the metal ring after heating.

Diagram 1
Which of the following statements is true about the particles in the metal ball?
A The mass of particles increased
B The particles of the metal ball expanded
C Distance between the particles increased
D Distance between the particles decreased

3 Which of the following statements does not involve convection?

A Hot air moves upwards
B The movement of air in a room
C The movement of air in a refrigerator
D Heat convection occurs in solid, liquid and gas

4 Diagram 2 shows a set-up of an experiment.

Small Water
pieces of

Diagram 2
Which of the following shows the direction of movement for the pieces of paper
when beaker is heated?

5 Diagram 3 shows a set-up of an experiment.


Hot Aluminium
Black  water paint
Surface asbestos
Diagram 3
(a) State the hypothesis of this experiment.

(b) State the variables in this experiment.

Constant variable : ________________________________________

Manipulated variable : _______________________________________

Responding variable : _________________________________________

(c) The results collected after 20 minutes are shown in Table 3.1. Complete
the table below.

Temperature (OC)
Type of surface O
decrease ( C)
Initial Final

 (i) Black paint 85 64

(ii) Aluminium 
85 75

Table 3.1
(d) Why did the temperature decrease?

(e) What conclusion can one make from this experiment?


(f) Why is the tank of a tanker lorry painted with shinny aluminium colour?