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Hazard Identification (HAZID)

Hazard Identification (HAZID) is an analysis of hazard prevention on


industrial installation by observing whole aspects.
Aspect in industrial installation:
 Information data of industrial installation (PFD, P&ID, lay out,
meteorological data, social cultural community around data, record of
events)
 Location (operating facilities, supporting facilities)
 Risk (human resource, environment, and asset)
 Trigger factor of danger (operation process, transportation, geography and
meteorology, social cultural)
 Hazard potential (huge fire and explosion, drown, environmental
contamination)
In hazard identification the analysis considering hazard effect and hazard
frequency (level of hazard possibility). HAZID parameters in considering hazard
effect are listed in table below.
Table x.x HAZID parameters in considering hazard effect
Parameter Minor Major Severe
Human
No accidents The accident was not fatal Fatal accident
resources
Losses between U.S. $
Losses less than Losses in excess of
Asset 100,000 s.d. U.S. $
U.S. $ 100,000 U.S. $ 1,000,000
1,000,000
No environmental Minor damage to the Damage to the
Environment
damage environment environment
HAZID parameters in considering hazard frequency (level of hazard possibility)
are listed in table below
Table x.x HAZID parameters in hazard frequency (level of hazard possibility)
Parameter Most Likely Unlikely
Frequency more than 10 times in between 1 until 10 times Less than 1 time in
danger the 10 years in 10 years 10 years

HAZID butanol plant are listed in table below


Table x.x HAZID of butanol plant

Potential Hazard
Location Description Causes Frequency Prevention
Hazard Effect

High humidity

Pest Check humidity, control


Raw Material To store corn Corn cobs are the pest, check drainage,
Minor Unlikely
Storage cobs Flood because the damaged and check material amount
drain gets clogged periodically
Material amount
exceed the storage
capacity
Crusher Organize waste biomass
Over capacity Severe Unlikely
damage entering crusher
Unit for Noise
Crusher Unit material size Surfacing tools that
pollution that
reduction Loud Operation generate noise with a
can damage Major Likely
Noise silencer, and oblige the
the hearing of
use of earplug
workers
For
Hydrolysis enzymatic Fire and/or
Major Likely
reactor hydrolysis explosion Regular checking and
process High temperature temperature control
operation Fire and/or provision and place the
Seed reactor For butanol explosion; reactor inside
Severe Likely
and fermenter production bactery
degradation
For stripping
Gas stripper Severe Likely
butanol-water
Regular checking and
For adsorbing Fire and/or temperature control
Gas Adsorber Severe Likely
CO2 explosion provisioning
For heating Regular checking
Heat exchanger Severe Likely temperature and pressure
and cooling
control provisioning
Distillation Butanol High pressure and Fire and/or
Major Likely
column purification temperature explosion
Noise Surfacing tools that
pollution that generate noise with a
Unit for Loud Operation
Pump can damage Major Most silencer, and oblige the
water flowing Noise
the hearing of use of earplug
workers
Noise Surfacing tools that
pollution that generate noise with a
Unit for gas Loud Operation
Compressor can damage Major Most silencer, and oblige the
flowing Noise
the hearing of use of earplug
workers
Unit for
Electricity Electrical Safety helmet, gloves, and
electricity Electricity current Severe Likely
Generator shock shoes, make barrier
production
Check storage level
Tank / vessel For storage Over capacity Leakage Minor Likely
periodically
Routine inspections and
High Pressure and Blowout and
Steam Utility To Produce controller instrumentation
High Temperature high thermal Major Likely
Unit Steam for temperature and
in Process exposure
pressure
Noise
Surfacing tools that
Noise due to pollution that
generate noise with a
operation unit to can damage Major Likely
silencer, and oblige the
produce steam the hearing of
use of earplug
workers
Overflow
Low temperature
from cold Control the output
Cold Utility To provide and high capacity
utility which Major Likely temperature
Unit cooling water of cooling water
release to the
which produce
environment
To distribute Damage and
Protect the piping network
Piping Network fluid in Corrosion, Failure leakage of Major Likely
and control periodically
process pipe
The contain of
Over Capacity of
Area for the pool will Minor Likely Level Control System
Waste Pool
treating the spill
Treatment Area
waste Environmental
Leakage of Pool Minor Likely Checking periodically
Pollution
Improve training and
Someone Slip Minor Likely
Quality move carefully
Spill Chemical
Laboratory Area Control Do not bring any fire
Substances
Assesment Flame Severe Unlikely source and provide some
fire exthinguisher
Provide training to the
operator about the
To control Errors in
System will be working procedure and
Control Room operation in operating Major Unlikely
shut down oblige supervisors to
the plant procedures
perform daily briefing
before work