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I.

INTRODUCTION

“Education is the key to success.” Nobody can deny the hard fact that education is an

extremely important for bringing change in the lives of individual but not all of us were given

a chance to attend a formal school.

According to the Law, every child must attend a formal school were he/she wants.

The government should ensure and support the education of every child. That’s why the

Department of Education offers free education to all. But this is not really applied by other

institutions for they are concern on the salary of the teachers especially in private school.

Public schools offer free tuition for enrolment for elementary but also in High School

students. This may count for high enrolment in schools, although the enrolment has a high

result, many poor families in unable to finance the ancillary school needs of their children.

The reason why out of school youth happens because of the problems in the family that

forces a teenager to work early that they shouldn’t be.

Department of Education has now a program for out of school youth which is the

Alternative Learning System (ALS) in which all the non-schoolers are given opportunity to

pursue schooling. And even for those who are already married, they can still attend this

program if they want to have a certificate that will help them find a better job. Also, for those

who are dropped out in Elementary and Secondary School may have a chance to attend the

Tertiary level by passing the examination.

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II. GENERAL OBJECTIVE

General Objective: This study is conducted to know the reason why the number of out

of school youth is rapidly increasing.

The researcher conducts this study because nowadays, many uneducated children are a

serious problem for the future of the country, because uneducated and unskilled people with lack

of intelligence will not be able to find a good job and will not be successful in the near future.

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III. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The importance of this study is that every one of us becomes knowledgeable about

the youth who is not lucky to attend a formal school because of many problems. This study

can also help the people to realize the importance of having good education and it also for the

government to make a solution in order for the youth to have a better education.

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IV. SCOPE AND DELIMITATIONS

This study focuses on the Out of School Youth in Tambcan, Bais City. This involves

a survey for those who are out of school youth. The selection of respondents are only limited

since there are lots of people in Tambacan, Bais City who cannot attend formal school.

This research is designed to have a thorough knowledge of problems of youths on

why they cannot attend a formal school. And how to them solve their problems by being

aware of the programs of the Department of Education.

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V. DEFINITION OF TERMS

Youth – is the time of life when one is young, but often means the time

between childhood and adulthood (maturity).[1][2] It is also defined as "the appearance, freshness,

vigor, spirit, etc., characteristic of one who is young".[3]

Education – its general sense is a form of learning in which

the knowledge, skills, values, beliefs and habits of a group of people are transferred from one

generation to the next through storytelling, discussion, teaching, training, and or research. [4]

Knowledge – is a familiarity, awareness or understanding of someone or something, such

as facts, information, descriptions, or skills, which is acquired through experience or

education by perceiving, discovering, or learning. Knowledge can refer to a theoretical or

practical understanding of a subject. [5]

Unskilled – not having or requiring special skill or training. [6]

Poverty – the state of being extremely poor. Being inferior in quality or insufficient in

amount. [7]

Peer Pressure – is influence that a peer group, observers or individual exerts that

encourages others to change their attitudes, values, or behaviours to conform to group norms. [8]

Liquor – alcoholic drink, especially distilled spirits. A liquid produced or used in a process

of some kind, in particular. [9]

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Disability – is the consequence of an impairment that may be physical, cognitive, mental,

sensory, emotional, developmental, or some combination of these. A disability may be present

from birth, or occur during a person's lifetime. [10]

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[1]
"Youth". Macmillan Dictionary. Macmillan Publishers Limited. Retrieved 2013-8-15.

[2]
"Youth". Merriam-Webster. Retrieved November 6, 2012.

[3]
"Youth". Dictionary.com. Retrieved November 6, 2012.

[4]
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education

[5]
http://oxforddictionaries.com/view/entry

[6]
Poverty. merriam-webster. Retrieved 18 November 2013.

[7]
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peer_pressure

[8]
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disability

[9]
http://www.thefreedictionary.com/unskilled

[10]
dictionary.reference.com/browse/liquor

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VI. REVIEW OF RELATED RESEARCH AND LITERATURE

Here are some TOP 10 reasons why there is out of school youth.

1. INCAPABLE GOVERNMENT- the sovereign Filipino people of the Philippines

Government does not have the ability to give a good and standard education. Where

funds for new projects that would provide the learners a good habitat for learning is being

deprive from them because of the rampant corruption of its officers.

We all know that the Government are trying there best to give the needs of the

students like books, classrooms and a teacher that would facilitate the learners, but this is

not good enough for the people need a Government that is not deaf enough to hear the

cries of children being squeeze into tiny classrooms and having a booming population of

more than 70 plus students.

We need a Government who is not blind to see teachers leaving the country

looking for greener pastures and teachers who are teaching in different levels at the same

time but with fewer books. This is the sacrifices and long suffering of Filipino people.

The Government have already demolished already our right for a better education

therefore the Government of the Philippines needs a quick change of its wrong system of

governing its nation.

2. POVERTY- even the education is free, many Filipinos can not afford still to go to school

because of the lack of essential needs like bag, notebooks, paper, writing materials etch..

We cannot really deny the fact that the Philippines is a third world country where poverty

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is rampant and the hardships of life is in one package deal already. To very poor people

they can not even afford to eat three times a day that's why it is more important for them

is food rather than investing for the education for there children.

3. UNSUPPORTABLE PARENTS - what are the qualifications of unsupportable parents;

one is they are the anti-motivator they don't motivate there children to go to school

instead they are manipulating there children not to go to school.

This Parents don't give any moral support like, “bakit ka pa kasi nag-aaral imbes

tumulong ka dito sa bahay o sa bukirin” In English term “why do you go to school

instead of helping us here in the house or in the field” and lastly even though how eager

the child would want to go to school, his/her parents will not give any financial support

and the child can not do anything about it.

4. BAD PEER PRESSURE - some common reasons why children, and teens drop out are

there bad peers. What are these bad pressure they are influencing to them? Here are some

examples ;( by: ashetreemeadow)

 premarital sex [or even sex between minors]

 under-age drinking liquor

 drugs of any kind (marijuana, cocaine, shabu etc.)

 self-mutilation

 even hygiene practices that are potentially unhealthy or harmful, like eating habits

that lead to disorders

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 vandalism

 theft

 bullying

 pornography

5. BAD VICES - Vice is a practice or a habit considered immoral, depraved, and/or

degrading in the associated society (Wikipedia). Vices are like bad habits or addictions

that are always considered as too much for a person.

This is an issue that most high school drop-outs even in elementary are addicted

on this vices like drinking liquors, smoking, drug addiction, bad peer pressure even

addiction in computer games can cause a drop outs in certain schools where it will lead to

out of school youths who are a becoming an additional burden to our society.

6. DISTANT PARENTS - These is a good example for Over Seas Filipino Workers

(OFW), OFW parents do distant parenting strategies. Which is not effective, said by

Alvin Ang of the University of Santo Tomas working as a cites economist. “Amid the

tide of a nation wide rise of drop-outs and the slump of kids’ school participation and

cohort survival, Ang rides against the commonly-held belief that distant parenting

strategy doesn’t work”.(by the article of LUIS CARLO S. LIBERATO Feb. 24. 2011)

With this drop-outs more and more young Filipino get out of school and the distant

parents do not have any idea that there children are already in the wrong pat.

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7. CHILD LABOR - refers to the illegal employment of children below 18 years old in

hazardous occupations. Under-age children are being forced to manual Labor to help

their families mainly due to poverty. About 2.06 million children all around the

Philippines are compelled to do Labor, such as in crop plantations, mining caves, rock

quarries and factories.

Child Labor has many ill effects in children who are supposed to be in the

environment of a classroom rather than roaming the streets and risking every chance,

time and time again, to earn enough money. Although most do get the privilege of

education, most end up being drop-outs and repeaters because they are not able to focus

on their studies. Because of child Labor, children suffer from malnutrition, hampered

growth and improper biological development. (Author: Anonymous) (source:

http://www.angelfire.com/ab2/relgroup/menu.html)

8. BAD ENVIRONMENT - the environment of the learner has also an impact because

students are discourage to go to schools because of terrorism like in some parts of

Mindanao where class days are being stop for the fight between the soldiers and rebels

adding to that is the kidnapping of teachers.

9. TEACHER FACTOR - some teachers in rural areas have an unruly attitude, who does

not care if there students are coming to school or not weather they are teaching the right

thing or not who always mocks punish children without any reason. This teachers are

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already considered incapable or ineffective teachers that only cares of there salary and

not to his/her students.

10. LAZINESS - is the noun for lazy which mean the lack of desire to do something.

Laziness can be aroused because of the entire factor which was mentioned above where

students are becoming lazy because of the lack of motivation that keeps them going.

http://reasonoutofschoolyouth.blogspot.com/

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VII. STRATEGY USED IN COLLECTING DATA

A study is made to find answers to the queries clung to the problem.

This term paper will not become complete if the things and strategies used to gather

important and pertinent information is not accurate and reliable. Some of the things used by the

researchers to gather and collect information are the following:

 Respondents

Are the individuals who answered the questionnaire and filled it with information in

regard with the stated topic. The respondents who are then directed to answer the questionnaire

are the people who are experiencing the said topic.

 Questionnaire

A pre-written series of questions made by the researcher used in gathering important

information’s from one or more persons. This will be given to the individual who have a

experiencing the said topic. With the use of this, important information about the topic is

gathered by the researcher.

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VIII. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS

These are the results of the survey


1. Is Education important to you?

Number of Respondents Yes No Maybe

150 150 0 0

2. What is your highest educational attainment?

Did not attend Pre-School Elementary High School Collage


School

0 0 Grade 4: 3 1st Year: 14 1st Year: 10

Grade 5: 3 2nd Year: 9 2nd Year: 15

Grade 6: 7 3rd Year: 22 3rd Year: 22

4th Year: 45 4th Year: 0

TOTAL NUMBER OF RESPONDEDNTS 150

3. What is your reason for not attending formal school?

INCAPABLE GOVERNMENT 40

POVERTY 150

UNSUPPORTABLE PARENTS 68

BAD PEER PRESSURE 25

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BAD VICES 23

DISTANT PARENTS 47

CHILD LABOR 76

BAD ENVRONMENT 0

TEACHER FACTOR 69

LAZINESS 33

Other reasons

NO SCHOOL WITHIN THE BARANGAY 0

NO REGULAR TRANSPORTATION 0

HIGH COST OF EDUCATION 150

ILLNESS/ DISABILITY 18

LACK OF INTEREST 48

CANNOT COPE WITH SCHOOL WORK 40

4. Are you willing to continue your studies with the help of the programs of DepEd? (ALS,

TESDA, etc.)

Number of Respondents Yes No Maybe

150 150 0 0

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Based on the results, all of them answered yes when asked if education is important to

them. The major problem that the out of school youth is the high cost of education that we all

know there are lots of people who are suffering from poverty. Their parents cannot afford their

studies. So how they can pay for their education? No money even for school supplies, even if

there are no tuition fees in public schools. Poor families will naturally prioritize food. Most poor

families can't even eat 3 meals a day, so schooling off the kids just cannot be funded. Almost all

of the respondents stopped when they reached secondary (high school) level because of that

problem. Incapable government, poverty, unsupportable parents, bad peer pressure, bad vices,

distant parents, child labor, teacher factor, laziness, high cost of education, illness/ disability,

lack of interest, and cannot cope with school work are the reasons why they cannot attend formal

school. All of the respondents want to have a good education they want to go to school if there is

an opportunity.

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IX. CONCLUSIONS

The researcher therefore concluded that there are many reasons why the number of out of

school youth is rapidly increasing. It could be called an epidemic: nearly one-third of the nation’s

high school students do not graduate. They leave school for all kinds of reasons: Incapable

government, poverty, unsupportable parents, bad peer, pressure, bad vices, distant parents, child

labor, teacher factor, laziness, high cost of education, illness/ disability, lack of interest, and

cannot cope with school work.

These are issues that most high school drop-outs even in elementary are addicted on this

vices like drinking liquors, smoking, drug addiction, bad peer pressure even addiction in

computer games can cause a drop outs in certain schools where it will lead to out of school

youths who are a becoming an additional burden to our society.

This importance of education is basically for two reasons. The first is that the training of

a human mind is not complete without education. Education makes man a right thinker. It tells

man how to think and how to make decision.

We cannot really deny the fact that the Philippines is a third world country where poverty

is rampant and the hardships of life is in one package deal already. To very poor people they

cannot even afford to eat three times a day that's why it is more important for them is food rather

than investing for the education for their children.

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X. RECOMMENDATIONS

The following recommendations are offered as possible ways to improve this study.

Hoping that the future researchers will make this study’s scope bigger and the respondent’s

number to be more so that the information that will be taken and gathered about the said topic

will become many and also should seek more resources.

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XI. APPENDIXES

An Evaluation for the Term Paper in Partial Fulfilment


of the English Subject

“Out of School Youth in Tambacan, Bais City”


____________________________________________
A Survey

Name: __________________________ Age: ____ Sex: ___

Directions: Answer the following questions. Put a check mark on your answer.
1. Is Education important to you?
___ Yes ___ No ___ Maybe
2. What is your highest educational attainment?

___ Did not attend School


___ Pre School
___ Elementary (Specify) Grade: ___
___ High School (Specify) Year level: ___
___ Collage (Specify) Collage level ___

3. What is your reason for not attending formal school? (check as many as you can)
___ Incapable Government ___ Distant parents
___ Poverty ___ Child Labor
___ Unsupportable parents ___ Bad environment
___ Bad peer pressure ___ Teacher Factor
___ Bad Vices ___ Laziness
OTHERS
___ No school within the Barangay
___ No regular transportation
___ High cost of education
___ Illness/ disability
___ Lack of interest
___ Cannot cope with school work.
4. Are you willing to continue your studies with the help of the programs of DepEd?
(ALS, TESDA, etc.)
___ Yes ___ No ___ Maybe

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XII. BIBLIOGRAPHY

Books

Sachs Jeffry (2010) The End of Poverty: How We Can Make It Happen In Our Lifetime.

Washington, D.C.: File House.

Internet

https://www.iywg.org/topics/out-school-youth-0

http://azednews.com/2014/06/09/why-do-teens-leave-school-youth-tell-in-recent-report/

http://www.researchforaction.org/activities_services2/action-research/

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/franklin-schargel/the-real-reasons-children-drop-out-of-

school_b_4093876.html

http://scholarworks.umass.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1480&context=open_access_diss

ertations

http://www.essaylib.com/term-paper.php

http://reasonoutofschoolyouth.blogspot.com/

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