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FORM 5 Chapter 1 Waves

EXERCISE 1.4
Reflection of Waves

1. PNG13Q30 Which diagram shows the correct reflected wave


pattern? 5. MRSM12Q27 Diagram shows water waves moving towards
a plane reflector.

Which of the following physical quantities changes after


reflection?
A Velocity
B Wavelength
C Frequency
D Angle of reflection

6. SPM10Q32 Which physical quantity of a wave changes


2. SBP11Q29 Which diagram shows the pattern of reflected when the wave is reflected?
water waves? A Speed
B Frequency
C Wavelength
D Direction of wave propagation

7. SPM09Q30 A sound wave reflected from a concrete wall.


Which comparison is correct about the reflected sound wave
and the incident sound wave?
A The wavelength of the incident wave is shorter than the
reflected wave.
B The speed of the incident wave and the reflected wave is the
same.
C The frequency of the incident wave is less than the reflected
wave.
D The angle of incidence of the incident wave is greater than
the angle of reflection of the reflected wave.

8. MRSM10Q28 Diagram shows a plane wave moving towards


3. PHG13Q31 Diagram shows a light ray reflected on a plane a convex reflector placed in the ripple tank.
mirror.

Which diagram show the correct reflected wave pattern?


What is the angle of incidence of the light ray?
A 350
B 550
C 1450

4. PRK10Q33 Diagram shows a water wave directed to a plane


reflector and then reflected.

Which comparison is correct about the reflected wave and the


incident wave?
A The reflected wave has a shorter wavelength.
B The reflected wave has a smaller amplitude.
C The reflected wave has the same speed.
D The reflected wave has a lower frequency.
FORM 5 Chapter 1 Waves

Structured Question 1.41


MRSM13P2SAQ1 Diagram 1 shows plane waves travelling towards a barrier.

(a) What is the incident angle in Diagram 1?

………………………………………………………………………………………….[1 mark]

(b) Complete the following sentence by underlining the correct phase in the bracket.
The angle of incident is (greater than, the same as, smaller than) the angle of
reflection. [1 mark]

(c) Draw the pattern and direction of the reflected waves on Diagram 1. [2 marks]

Structured Question 1.42


SBP13P2SAQ6 Diagram 6.1 shows a ripple tank used to produce plane waves.

Diagram 6.2 and Diagram 6.3 show the water waves propagate and strike an obstacle.
FORM 5 Chapter 1 Waves

(a) What is the meaning of angle of incidence?

……………………………………………………………………………………….................
[1 mark]

(b) Based on Diagram 6.2 and Diagram 6.3:

(i) Compare the angle 𝛼1 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝛼2 .

……………………………………………………………………………...............….
[1 mark]

(ii) Compare the angle 𝛽1 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝛽2 .

…………………………………………………………………………………….…....
[1 mark]

(iii) Based on the answer in 6(b) (i) and 6(b)(ii), state the relationship between
angle of incidence and angle of reflection.

……………………………………………………………………………...............….
[1 mark]

(iv) Name the law involved.

…………………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark]

(c) The frequency of the motor is increased. What will happen to:

(i) The distance between the wavefronts?

……………………………………………………………………………..…………...
[1 mark]

(ii) The speed of the wave?

……………………………………………………………………………………....….
[1 mark]

(d) Name one application of the reflection of waves.

…………………………………………………………………………………..……………....
[1 mark]