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ETSI- INDUSTRIALES Grid-frequency support and power smoothing with variable-speed wind turbines Danny Ochoa, Sergio

ETSI-

INDUSTRIALES

Grid-frequency support and power smoothing with variable-speed wind turbines

Danny Ochoa, Sergio Martinez

Department of Electrical Engineering, ETSI Industriales , UPM (danny. ochoac@alumnos. upm. es)

ETSI Industriales , UPM (danny. ochoac@alumnos. upm. es) Background Technological advances, low production costs,

Background

Technological advances, low production costs, efficiency, and emission -free operation are some of the factors that have strongly motivated the use of renewable energy sources for the production of electrical energy in recent years . The economy of scale has placed wind generation well ahead of other renewable technological alternatives. To guarantee the quality and reliability of the power supply, the incorporated wind generators have to be friendly with the grid through the provision of ancillary services. This PhD thesis deals with one of these services :

the frequency control.

Objective

Developing of new control strategies applied to the wind turbine

controller aimed at mitigating the negative effects of variable wind power injection in the power system while avoiding additional

hardware installation .

Methodology

A Load Frequency Control (LFC) approach is commonly used for representing the short-time dynamics of power and frequency of the

power system . In order to integrate the wind generation in the LFC - scheme, this PhD thesis proposes a simplified electromechanical model of a variable-speed wind turbine [1 ]. The developed model is

suitable for frequency response studies in multi-machine systems

with a lower computational effort than other detailed models available in the literature .

Proposals

a) Synthetic inertia based method (EOPPT): control strategy designed to provide a variable speed wind turbine with an emulated inertial response aimed at reducing the grid frequency drop when the power system experiences a sudden loss of generated power [2].

b) Combined wind power smoothing technique : algorithm devised to mitigate the grid frequency oscillations induced by fluctuating wind power injection under normal operating conditions [3 ].

c) Wind power curtailment strategy: new method for wind power limitation more effective than other traditional

approaches [4].

Cases of study

1) Peninsular Spanish Power System: bulk system with a massive penetration of wind generation. 2) San Cristobal Island (Ecuador) power system : isolated and weak system with a significant share of wind energy.

Results

weak system with a significant share of wind energy. Results Frequency implementing (a) in the case
weak system with a significant share of wind energy. Results Frequency implementing (a) in the case
weak system with a significant share of wind energy. Results Frequency implementing (a) in the case
weak system with a significant share of wind energy. Results Frequency implementing (a) in the case
weak system with a significant share of wind energy. Results Frequency implementing (a) in the case
weak system with a significant share of wind energy. Results Frequency implementing (a) in the case
weak system with a significant share of wind energy. Results Frequency implementing (a) in the case
weak system with a significant share of wind energy. Results Frequency implementing (a) in the case
weak system with a significant share of wind energy. Results Frequency implementing (a) in the case
weak system with a significant share of wind energy. Results Frequency implementing (a) in the case
weak system with a significant share of wind energy. Results Frequency implementing (a) in the case
weak system with a significant share of wind energy. Results Frequency implementing (a) in the case
weak system with a significant share of wind energy. Results Frequency implementing (a) in the case
weak system with a significant share of wind energy. Results Frequency implementing (a) in the case
weak system with a significant share of wind energy. Results Frequency implementing (a) in the case
weak system with a significant share of wind energy. Results Frequency implementing (a) in the case
weak system with a significant share of wind energy. Results Frequency implementing (a) in the case
weak system with a significant share of wind energy. Results Frequency implementing (a) in the case
weak system with a significant share of wind energy. Results Frequency implementing (a) in the case

Frequency

implementing (a) in the case of study ( 1 ) .

drop

mitigation

by

(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power

Time (s)

(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power
(a) in the case of study ( 1 ) . drop mitigation by Time (s) Power

Power smoothing achieved by using (b) under actual wind conditions in case of study ( 1 )

Power curtailment carried out by (c) and tested in case of study ( 2 )