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PRESENTATION

on
ADVANCED STRUCTURAL
CONCRETE’S

PRESENTED BY-
Aakanksha Bhardwaj
Aakanksha Verma
Abhishek Jha
Abhishek Kuntal
Akshita Jain
Anjali Singh
CONTENTS
• Introduction to Light-Weight & High
Strength Concrete.
• Types/Classification
• Availability of Material
• Characteristics
• Uses
• Advantages
• Disadvantages
LIGHT WEIGHT CONCRETE
• Light weight concrete (foamed concrete) is a versatile material which
consists primarily of a cement based mortar mixed with at least 20% of
volume air.
• It is the concrete which uses lightweight aggregates that may consist of
lightweight aggregates used in ordinary concrete of coarse aggregate
and sand, clay, foamed slag, clinker, crushed stone, aggregates of
organic and inorganic..
• Light weight concrete is a special concrete which weighs lighter than
conventional concrete.
• Density of this concrete is considerably low (300 kg/m3 to 1850
kg/m3) when compared to normal concrete (2200kg/m3 to
2600kg/m3).
• The material is now being used in an ever increasing number of
applications, ranging from one step house casting to low density void
fills.

Presented by-
Aakanksha Bhardwaj
TYPES OF STRUCTURAL
CONCRETE’S
• lightweight concrete
• Heavyweight concrete

Lightweight concrete

Heavyweight concrete
Types of Lightweight Concrete
• Lightweight Aggregate CONCRETE
Porous lightweight aggregate of low specific gravity is used in this
concrete. such as pumice, scoria and most of volcanic origin and
the artificial aggregate such as expanded blast-furnace slag,
vermiculite and clinker aggregate.
The lightweight aggregate concrete can be divided into two types
according to its application : One is partially compacted
lightweight aggregate concrete and the other is the structural
lightweight aggregate concrete.

compacted lightweight aggregate concrete is mainly used for two


purposes that is for precast concrete blocks or panels and cast in-
situ roofs and walls. The main requirement for this type of concrete
is that it should have adequate strength and a low density to
obtain the best thermal insulation and a low drying shrinkage to
avoid cracking.
PRESENTED BY-
Structural lightweight aggregate concrete is fully compacted
similar to that of the normal reinforced concrete of dense
aggregate. It can be used with steel reinforcement as to have a good
bond between the steel and the concrete. The concrete should provide
adequate protection against the corrosion of the steel.

PRESENTED BY-
ABHISHEK JHA
• Pumice – is used for reinforced concrete roof slab, mainly
for industrial roofs.
• Foamed Slag – was the first LWA suitable for reinforced
concrete.
• Expanded Clays and Shales – capable of achieving
sufficiently high strength for pre-stressed concrete.

PRESENTED BY-
ABHISHEK JHA
• AERATED CONCRETE
Aerated concrete is a lightweight, cellular material consisting
of cement or lime and sand or other silicious material it does not
contain coarse aggregate.
Concrete of this type has the lowest density, thermal conductivity
and strength.
Two methods to prepare the aerated concrete.

The first method is to inject the gas into the mixing during its plastic condition
by means of a chemical reaction.

The second method, air is introduced either by mixing-in stable foam or by


whipping-in air, using an air-entraining agent.

PRESENTED BY-
ABHISHEK JHA
• NO-FINES CONCRETE
The term no-fines concrete generally means concrete composed
of cement and a (9-19mm) coarse aggregate only (at least 95 percent
should pass the 20mm BS sieve.)
No-fines concrete usually used for both load bearing and non-load
bearing for external walls and partitions.
The structure of NFC makes it ideal for use :
• as a drainage layer under reservoir and basement floors,
• as an insulating layer
• As a damp-proofing material
Although the strength of no-fines concrete is considerably lower than
that of normal-weight concrete, and increases as the cement content is
increased.

NO-FINES CONCRETE PRESENTED


BY-
ABHISHEK
JHA
LIGHT WEIGHT CONCRETE
CHARACTERISTICS:

• HIGH THERMAL INSULATION : such as porous concrete


walls(150mm) provides four times better insulation than
225mm thick brick wall.
• HAVE BETTER NAILING AND SAWING PROPERTIES
• DURABILITY
• POOR ACOUSTIC PROPERTIES
• MORE WATER ABSORPTION
• HIGH MOISTURE MOVEMENT
• HIGH SHRINKAGE

Presented by-
Anjali Singh
LIGHT WEIGHT CONCRETE
USES:-
• TYPICALLY USED FOR THEIR INSULATION PROPERTIES.
• SAVINGS IN FOUNDATION BY REDUCING DEAD LOAD.
• IMPROVE THERMAL PROPERTIES.
• USED TO MAKE BLOCK WALLS.
• USED FOR MAKING FIRE RESISTANT AREAS.

Presented by-
AKSHITA JAIN
LIGHT WEIGHT CONCRETE
ADVANTAGES
• Reduces the dead load of the building.
• Easy to handle and hence reduces the cost of
transportation and handling.
• Improves the workability.
• Relatively low thermal conductivity
• Comparatively more durable. But less resistant to abrasion.
• Has applications in , high rise buildings & shell roofs.
• Good resistance to freezing & thawing action when compared to
conventional concrete.
• Helps in disposal of industrial wastes like fly ash, clinker, slag etc.

DISADVANTAGES
• Difficult to place and finish because of the prosperity and angularity of the
aggregate.
• Mixture is very sensitive with water.

Presented by-
Akanksha verma
HIGH STRENGTH CONCRETE
• High strength concrete provides a high level of structural
performance,especially in strength and durability,compared to
traditional,normal-strength concrete.
• It is based on compressive strength greater than 40MPA.
• High strength concrete is maded by lowering the water-cement
ratio to 0.35 or lower.
• Due to low W/C ratio,it causes problem of placing,to overcome this
addition of superplasticizers is used.
• High-strength concrete columns can hold more weight and
therefore be made slimmer than regular strength concrete
columns, which allows for more usable space, especially in the
lower floors of buildings.
Presented by-
Aakanksha Bhardwaj
HIGH STRENGTH CONCRETE
CHARACTERISTICS:

“A high performance conrete is a concrete in which certain


characteristics are developed for a particular application and
environments”.
• LOW SHRINKAGE
• HIGH STRENGTH
• HIGH MODULUS OF ELASTICITY
• LOW PERMEABILITY
• EASE OF PLACEMENT
• EARLY AGE STRENGTH
• LONG LIFE IN SEVERE ENVIRONMENTS

Presented by-
Anjali Singh
HIGH STRENGTH CONCRETE
USES:-
• ERECTION OF HIGH – RISE BUILDING (OVER 30 STORIES).
• USED IN COMPONENTS SUCH AS CONCRETE, SHEAR
WALLS & FOUNDATIONS.
• CONSTRUCTION OF HIGHWAY BRIDGES.
• LOWER DEAD – LOAD RESULT.
• CARPET AREA INCRESES AS THE SPACE OCCUPIED BY
COLUMNS ARE DECREASES.

Presented by-
AKSHITA JAIN
HIGH STRENGTH CONCRETE
ADVANTAGES
• Reduces amount of steel.
• Reduces Dead Load .
• Reduces space occupied by columns .
• Increase rental space.
• High compressive strength.
• To use the concrete service at early age.
• Eg. : PAVEMENT IN 3 DAYS

High rise buildings can be build by reduced columns

DISADVANTAGES
• Damaged at high temperature i.e less resistance to fire.
• Must be expertise in selection of ingredients.
Presented by-
Akanksha verma