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PV 1MW - DG On-grid EMS

Technical Solution

sufi.jalali@gmail.com

+93799526779
1. Large Monitoring and Control System..............................................................................................2

1.1. Monitor System Diagram................................................................................................................2

1.2. System Overview............................................................................................................................3

1.3. The System Structure......................................................................................................................4

1.4. Station Level Network Monitoring Layer...................................................................................... 4

1.5. Overall Solution Description.......................................................................................................... 8


1.5.1. Software Overview.................................................................................................................. 8
1.5.2. System Structure......................................................................................................................9
1.5.3. Operating Conditions...............................................................................................................9
1.5.5. The client / Server Architecture.............................................................................................10
1.5.6. Modular Design..................................................................................................................... 10

1.6. The Main Function........................................................................................................................11


1.6.1. Data Acquisition Function.....................................................................................................11
1.6.2. Remote Transfer Function..................................................................................................... 11
1.6.3. Control Function....................................................................................................................11
1.6.4. Screen Display Function........................................................................................................12
1.5.5 The Weather Station has A Full Range of Monitoring...........................................................13
1.6.5. Report Record Printing Function...........................................................................................13
1.5.6. Alarm Function......................................................................................................................14
1.6.7. Event Information Processing Capabilities........................................................................... 15
1.6.8. Main Technical Parameters................................................................................................... 16
1. LARGE MONITORING AND CONTROL SYSTEM

The big monitoring system is designed and applied to the project. Which is a set of
integrated energy monitoring and management system that integrates light, storage
and electrical monitoring.
The monitoring system based on software for the platform through the computer
process control automation system platform, according to the monitoring objects and
systems require the data configuration, graphics configuration, distributed control,
communication configuration and reporting configuration, etc., quickly complete the
form of the whole monitoring system, to the scene of the operation equipment
monitoring and control, data acquisition, display, alarm and device control and
parameter adjustment and other functions.

1.1. Monitor System Diagram

The monitoring system of this project is shown below.

Fig1.1 Monitor system diagram


1.2. System Overview

The system generally includes the BESS system, monitoring and control of PV
systems and BOP systems. BOP systems include water supply and water treatment
systems, power station weather station systems, etc. In addition to the control and
monitoring system of each system controller, at the same time, the micro-grid system
is required to be connected directly to the requirements of the smart grid IEC61850
agreement. Its general technical requirements are summarized as follows:

 The computer monitoring system adopts hierarchical distributed network structure;

 The system should be able to complete real-time monitoring and control of all

equipment in power plant, data unified collection, centralized processing, each

operator station resource sharing, and each realize independent function;

 The measurement and control device adopts ac sampling technology to collect

electrical analog signals.

 Protective action and device alarm, etc. The important signals are input into the

measurement and control unit by means of hard contact;

 Remote data transmission equipment redundancy configuration, computer monitoring

master station and remote data transmission equipment information sharing, not

repeated collection;

 The computer monitor system is specific to prevent the false - blocking function, can

complete the whole station to prevent error operation;

 The whole system is equipped with a common GPS system to realize the unity of time

in the system;

 The computer monitoring system has the interface with the power dispatching data

network, and the software and hardware configuration can support the network

communication technology and the requirements of the communication protocol, and

the statute requires the iec 61850;

 To the scheduler upload protection, far more information is carried out in accordance

with existing relevant procedures;

 Configure the independent UPS system to use the background system to ensure that
the backend system has sufficient power output and endurance;

 The weather station has a full range of monitoring, PV panel temperature,

pyranometer, ambient temperature, PV reference cell, Sky Imager and so on.

1.3. The System Structure

This system should be able to realize all the monitoring, control and operation

functions and the various communication functions in the distance. Set up a computer

system in the central control room monitoring, on-site control layer devices using

PA620 series comprehensive microcomputer protection measurement and control

device and other smart devices, station control layer adopt SCADA software

monitoring platform, station control layer and field level control devices through the

optical fiber or super five types of shielded cable connection, the comprehensive

monitoring and control system of power station.

1.4. Station Level Network Monitoring Layer

Operator workstation for various real-time data organization and management of total

station, bear the total station of real-time data processing, the historical data record

and event sequence tasks, such as security monitoring on site equipment running

status. The system software USES the full Chinese Windows 7 operating platform,

standard database system. The operator station USES a performance stabilized

DELL commercial Optiplex series.

Fig1.2 Commercial computer


1、Data server
Bear the entire network in all kinds of monitoring data query, data access, data update,

data maintenance and data security management, and as a senior application

software system of data to a third party to provide the required data. The data server

adopts the DELL commercial high performance rack server R430 series to realize

complete redundancy of data and ensure the high integrity of data.

Fig1.3 Data server

2、Web server
Assume full system network data release function, commonly used as monitoring

software Web server, can conduct Web site design, editing, deployment and release

function. At the same time, as remote maintenance workstation, we can assume our

remote maintenance workstation, and realize the fast guarantee ability of real-time

remote monitoring, fault location, remote processing and recovery.

Fig1.4 Web server


3、Communication manager
According to different access devices, each station configuration 1 or more, for the

real-time data acquisition, data processing, real-time control, and run the workstation,

scheduling, relay protection device and automatic device and spacer layer of

measurement and control unit for communication, etc.

With multiple physical interface (RS232, RS485, RS422, CAN, Ethernet front-end

ports, etc.), support for multiple protocols (INT - BUS, MODBUS, 103, the CDT, 1801,

SPA, etc.), CAN be extended to other non-standard interface and integration of the

third party agreement.

Fig1.5 Communication manager

4、Photoelectric switch
As the core of the self-healing ring network equipment, the sub-station adopt imported

brand MOXA industry wide temperature switches, distribution power station switches

installed in the communication within the screen, the total drop switches installed on

the switch panel, using optical fiber ring network connections between the switches,

the switches in distribution substation with 100 m electric mouth and super five types

of shielded cable connected to protection device and so on.

Fig1.6 Photoelectric switch

5、GPS satellite clock


The WKT - S81 series products are equipped with 1-2 GPS type input and
multi-output.
Fig1.7 GPS satellite clock

6、Printer
Equipped with A3 color laser printing, copying and scanning machine, printing and
copying speed of 20 pages/min, 1200 * 1200dpi scanning speed of 54 sheets/min,
printer memory capacity 1.5 GB;

Fig1.7 Printer

7、UPS power supply


Equipped with large capacity mountain host switching speed, meet the demand, can
support power equipment continuous work.
1.5. Overall Solution Description

1.5.1. Software Overview

Fig1.8 The software block diagram


System based on the Microsoft ® Windows NT ® and Windows 7 ® platform
development, Station control layer in the system. In order to adapt to the power
system applications, longitudinal transverse contact closely, expansion to form a more
frequent characteristics of the monitoring and control system analysis and design to
the concrete programming, all adopt the object-oriented method, combined with the
latest computer programming technology, on the basis of meet the requirements of
strict reliability, real-time, more can be configured in the system, scalability,
availability, maintainability, etc, have new breakthrough.
1.5.2. System Structure

Fig1.9 The system structure diagram

1.5.3. Operating Conditions

Hardware platform: core dual-core 3.0 GHz configuration, more than 4G memory
Printing device: a variety of printers that support the Windows 7 operating system
Display device: recommended 1680 x 1050
Operating system: Chinese Windows XP/WIN7 / Windows server 2008 operating
system
Development tools: MicroSoft Visual C++ 6.0,Visual Studio2008 ,Myeclipse
Middleware: ACE \ ICE \ Boost
Database: SQL server 2008, MySql
Real-time database: SQLite
Development language and technology: the WEB server is tomcat, the MVC design
pattern of javaweb is adopted, the jersey framework is developed, and the
implementation is not related to the platform and browser.
1.5.5. The client / Server Architecture

Monitoring system USES a client/server architecture, all operation monitoring and


control system of the host can be used as the client and the server data and have full
access to the control operation, and also can be used as a server, to the client to
provide data information and the implementation of the client application control
commands.
The structure and design of monitoring system have strong extensibility, from a single
node to multiple nodes can be configured to different size of the network system, in
system level application, can form different geographic span of wide-area network
and remote diagnosis, remote maintenance system.

1.5.6. Modular Design

The entire system consists of kernel and peripheral function modules.


The system kernel has been simplified and designed with strong real time and
reliability. System kernel consists of four subsystems (communication subsystem,
data subsystem, display subsystem, control subsystem) and all kinds of manager,
between them through a unified interface "connections" to realize information sharing.
Peripheral function module is to follow standard interface, function relatively
independent dynamic link libraries, they can be dynamically loaded or discharged,
and flexible combination, particularly suitable for system extension, and custom.
Functional modules are divided into the following categories:

 Communication device driver module (communication port)

 Communication protocol interpretation function module (unit)

 Professional graphic component function module (figure unit)

 Automatic control component function module

 Visual interface function module


System to provide all kinds of commonly used function module, the user simply apply
the function module can quickly build up a more perfect application in transformer
substation, power plant, set control center, dispatch center of distribution automation
system.
1.6. The Main Function

1.6.1. Data Acquisition Function

System consists of data acquisition devices and relevant data collection site, including
analog, pulse volume and switch quantity, measurement, such as external input
signal transmit the data to monitor and control system for real-time processing, and
can be collected from various protection devices running state protection, protection
action information, information protection setting, fault information, and protection of
the power supply and protection device self-checking information, updated in real time
database and display images, and real-time display using simulation diagram on the
screen mode field equipment running status, display the real-time and historical
events, and USES the methods such as print or statements output.

1.6.2. Remote Transfer Function

Send information to the main station with different communication protocols and
accept control orders from the main station, and adopt the standard protocol. The
remote terminal sends remote measurement to the superior including current, voltage,
active power, reactive power, power factor, etc. Remote signalling includes switch or
circuit breaker position signal, ground signal, control loop break signal, dc ground
signal, various protection action signal. The remote control includes the adjustment of
the split joint of the circuit breaker or switch.

1.6.3. Control Function

Through the computer keyboard of the master station, the mouse is divided into the
control object. Control objects can include storage and inverter remote control, battery
remote control, photovoltaic inverter switch control and water purification pump
start-up control and so on.
Fig1.10 Control function diagram

1.6.4. Screen Display Function

The monitoring system can display a main wiring simulation diagram corresponding to
the actual phase in the master controller, showing the running state of each control
object and updating it in real time. It can form the trend graph of real-time and
historical simulation of continuous change, such as power load curve, voltage
fluctuation curve and so on.

 Circuit breaker, disconnecting switch state;


 Real-time quantity parameter table shows;
 Power system energy flow
 Alarm message list;
 Voltage stick figure, voltage curve;
 Current, voltage, the limit value table;
 Monitoring system configuration diagram;
 Historical data, the trend curve;
 Message display, events, according to the records on duty;
 Control system configuration and set data display;
Fig1.11 Screen display diagram

1.5.5 The Weather Station has A Full Range of Monitoring

The weather station is composed by the PV panel temperature sensor, pyranometer


sensor, ambient temperature sensor, PV reference cell sensor, sky imager sensor
and humidity sensor. All the weather station data are required to upload to controller
and upper system. User can see all this weather station data in the interfaces.

1.6.5. Report Record Printing Function

Monitoring system can receive intelligence unit provided with the underlying data,
stores data, and can according to the standard format to print various reports, history
database content, all kinds of curves, a variety of other matters. The no programmed
report design features make it easy for people with no programming experience to
design complex reports that meet the demands of the power system.

 Operation log, monthly report, annual report;


 Accident, failure, operation list;
 Event sequence records;
 Timing, call printing;

Fig1.12 Reports records diagram

1.5.6. Alarm Function

According to actual needs, the system can at any time through the alarm popup
Windows on the screen display the latest alarm signal and prompt, timely reflect
accident alarm, and alarm sound (the user can specify when certain events or
protections automatically send alarm) including audible alarm, voice alarm, the alarm
bell alarm. Alarm can be used for alarm and switch volume alarm. Once the alarm
signal is issued, it will continue to be handled by the operator and then cancelled or
reset by alarm. The alarm signal is queued in chronological order, the alarm signal
bonus yellow and yellow color display different alarm levels, and the flashing and
non-flicker are used to distinguish whether an alarm has been confirmed or handled.
All alarm information is stored in the event record as the basis for the post-mortem
analysis of the alarm.

 Analog the limit alarm, will limit time, station name, the time limit of project
value (upper limit, high upper limit and lower limit and low limit), the
construction unit, the limited nature of the output on the local host hard disk or
a printer, and sound and light alarm message is given.
 The switch state abnormal alarm, the final state output local host hard disk or
printer, and give the audio and light alarm information.

Fig1.13 Alarm function

1.6.7. Event Information Processing Capabilities

The monitoring system can display and record all action events in the substation.
Events include: all warning signals、Switching operation、 Fixed change and read;
System communication status, equipment operation status; Relay actions and status,
etc. The main control software has an event record to view the visual machine
interface, and the event records stored in the database can be viewed through
different methods (event filter conditions) and date. Above is the view date and view
method.
The list below lists all the occurrences of the query, and different types of events are
displayed in different colors. When there are many events, the system provides
roll-roll-roll-roll-roll-roll viewing, printing and printing preview event record reports.
Fig.1.14 Event processing information

1.6.8. Main Technical Parameters

Table 1.1 Main technical parameters


Item Spec
Telemetry analog tolerance of analog quantity ≤±0.2%
Remote communication resolution ≤2ms
The event sequence records the resolution ≤1ms
The event sequence records the event ≤20ms
resolution of the station
The event records accuracy ≮99.9%
Remote communication volume accuracy 100%
Remote control volume accuracy 100%
Important telemetry and remote communication ≤1s
(displacement) transfer to the main station time
Important remote control command ≤1s
transmission time
Remote command transfer time ≤3s
Electrical measurement tolerance ≤±0.5%
Displays the real-time data refresh time ≤1s
Master database refresh cycle ≤2s
The accident track before/after the accident 5s/5s
The system has no failure average time > 50000h