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COMMON HAZARDS AND THEIR 
CONTROL MEASURES AT 
CONSTRUCTION SITES 

 
National Safety Council , Hqs. 
98‐A,Institutional Area, Sector 15, 
CBD Belapur , Maharashtra 
 NaviMumbai – 400615. 
India    www.nsc.org.in
Contact  no :  022‐ 27579924 /25 
COMMON HAZARDS AND THEIR CONTROL MEASURES
IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

HAZARDS CONTROL MEASURES


TRIPS/SLIPS TRIPS / SLIPS

i. Maintain good house


keeping
ii. Removal of unwanted
material from time to time
iii. No temporary electrical
connections above ground
(2 mtr.) or underground
iv. Floor non-slippery
v. Avoid overloading of
machinery/circuit
vi. Have clear access
Trip
vii. Follow instruction strictly
viii. Use proper P.P.E.

Slip
FALL FROM HEIGHT FALL FROM HEIGHT

National Safety Council,India


Use of
i Scaffold
ii Safety belt/Safety harness
iii Safety net
iv Fall arrester
v Working platform with
railing/fencing
vi Working place at height (above 3
mtr.) with no open side
vii Roofing bracket for steep roof-
avoid sliding
viii Crawling board for working on
steep roof
ix Ladder and step ladder
x Catch platform not used for
storage of material or as working
platform
FALL OF MATERIAL FROM HEIGHT FALL OF MATERIAL FROM HEIGHT

i. Use of Safety Net


ii. Proper slinging
iii. Proper manual handling
iv. Proper mechanical handling
v. Proper stacking
- do not overload the
floor/platform
- do not stack in a manner
or height likely to cause
a fall
- stack above 1.5 meter to
be provided with access
- stack be barricaded
- suitable ppe for dust
laden material stacked

ELECTRICAL SHOCK ELECTRICAL SHOCK

National Safety Council,India


1. Use of three pin plug with three
wire core
2. Portable electric tools and
inspection lamps’
- double insulation with
voltage (24v) isolation
transformer
- earthed with
RCCB/ELCB of 30mA
sensitivity current
- use non conducting
footwear
- no use of tool in wet or
damped location
- use within design limit
Electrical shock
- authorized
- current 1 mA -shock without
electrician/operator for
muscular pain
repair/maintenance
- 8mA to 50mA- several
3. No exposed live wire at
muscular. Contra & breathing
excavation, or tunnel work
problem
4. Permanent electric panel
- 50mA to 80mA or more-
Ventricular Fibrillation.-death
due to Asphyxiation.

HIT BY SPEEDING VEHICLE HIT BY SPEEDING VEHICLE

i. Observe speed limit


ii. Authorized entry of vehicle
iii. Observing traffic rules and
signs and signals
iv. Adequate quality
illumination for approaching
vehicle
v. Proper signs and signal at
required points
A person died because of a car hitting to vi. Follow the statutory
road divider. obligation as per Motor
Vehicle Act 1988

HIT BY EARTH MOVING EQUIPMENT HIT BY EARTH MOVING


EQUIPMENT

National Safety Council,India


i. Equipment on vehicle with
proper condition of parking
brake, service brake,
warning light and horn while
reversing
ii. Trained and licensed driver
iii. Barricading / flagging the
area where such operation
is going on
iv. Observing speed limit 20
km/hrs on road and 5
km/hrs near the operational
area
v. Vehicle with adequate
illumination during night
vi. Adequate precaution as
isolation of electric supply
or erecting overhead barrier
of a safe height is taken
when earth moving
equipment or vehicle is in
dangerous proximity to any
live electric conductor
vii. Earth moving equipment
not to be left on a slope with
the engine running
viii. Safe gangways be provided
for to and fro movement of
construction workers
engaged on loading and
unloading of vehicle
ix. No unauthorized person
rides the transport
equipment
x. The driver of such
equipment should operate
under the direction of a
signaler
xi. The driver should be
adequately trained and
should possess required
skill
FIRE FIRE

National Safety Council,India


i. Activating fixed fire
extinguishers installed
ii. Activating smoke and heat
venting system
iii. Activating fire exit or
escape routes
iv. Activating devices for
restricting smoke and fire
propagation
v. De-energizing technical
system
vi. Alarming persons who are
in danger
vii. Calling fire fighting forces
and rescue team
viii. Use flame proof
tools/equipment
ix. Controlling heating and
ventilation system
x. Activating the evacuation
system
ACCIDENTAL ACTUATION OF TOOLS ACCIDENTAL ACTUATION OF
TOOLS

i. Tools with proper working


switch
ii. Tools in proper working
condition
iii. Training operator
iv. Prevent accidental
disconnection of pneumatic
tools
v. Proper accessories for
electrical power tools
vi. Electrical tools with proper
earthing and double
insulation
vii. Proper place/pocket for
keeping and carrying of tool

Nail gun accidentally actuated and nail went


thru middle finger.

National Safety Council,India


DISCONNECTION OF PNEUMATIC TOOLS DISCONNECTION OF PNEMATIC
TOOLS

i. Tools with proper working


switch
ii. Tools in proper working
condition
iii. Training operator
iv. Prevent accidental
disconnection of pneumatic
tools
Unacceptable v. Proper accessories for
electrical power tools
vi. Electrical tools with proper
earthing and double
insulation
vii. Proper place/pocket for
keeping and carrying of tool

Acceptable
DUST AND FUMES DUST AND FUMES
i. Ventilation
ii. Use of Dust Mask
iii. Use proper measures for
mitigating dust/fumes

Dust

Fumes

National Safety Council,India


HANDLING OF SOLVENTS, PAINTS, HANDLING OF SOLVENTS,
THINNERS ETC PAINTS, THINNERS ETC
i. Proper Storage
ii. Use of gloves / barrier
cream / mask
iii. No smoking
iv. Maintaining hygiene
v. Using special cart for
transportation of above

EXPLOSIVES EXPLOSIVES
i. Authorized and proper
storage
ii. Authorized blaster
iii. Display proper
communication, danger
signals before blast
iv. Follow instructions strictly
v. Apply lock/key
vi. Prohibit smoking and naked
light
vii. Keep a safe distance and
non-sparking tool while
using explosives
viii. Stop use of explosives if
weather condition not
suitable
HEAT/RADIATION HEAT/RADIATION

National Safety Council,India


i. Isolation, face shield,
welding goggles, gloves
ii. Aprons, apparel
iii. Control at source

WRONG POSTURE OF WORK WRONG POSTURE OF WORK

i. Right method of material


handling
ii. Correct position and
posture of work
iii. Firm floor/base of footing

EXCESSIVE NOISE NOISE CONTROL MEASURES


1.Ensuring compliance with relevant
statutory requirements.
2.Provide acoustic barriers or
enclosure around the source of noise
3. Provide PPE i.e. ear plugs or ear
muffs
4. Control the noise at source by
changing design etc

National Safety Council,India


UNGUARDED MACHINERY UNGUARDED MACHINERY
Implementation of
¾ The Building &Other
Construction Workers
(R&E and C of S)
Central Rules, 1998:
Rule-37 (Fencing of
motors,etc.)
¾ Maintain the machinery
in safe condition with all
the guards in their
position
¾ Keep record of all
machinery with guards
¾ Replace the damaged or
broken guards and keep
a record.
¾ Depute a responsible
person for upkeep of
such records

UNSTABLE SCAFFOLD UNSTABLE SCAFFOLD


stability in scaffold

• Scaffold posts and frames to


be erected and maintained
vertically and plumbed
vertically. Plumbness to be
checked using a spirit level.
• Scaffold to be supported at the
base with ties, guys or
outrigger frames in case the
height is four times the base.
• Ties be connected to buildings
or structures by connecting a
tie tube to at least two post.
• Scaffold posts and frames to
be locked together with pin
bolted or pinned spigot to be
able to withstand tensile load

National Safety Council,India


MANUAL MATERIAL HANDLING MANUAL MATERIAL HANDLING
Manual material handling to be done
with six basic kinetics of manual
lifting.-
Keep feet parted, Keep back straight,
Knees bend, Grasp the object by the
opposite ends, Tuck your chin in, Lift
the weight using feet
Decide safe method of handling for
every object separately avoiding
sharp edges, pinch points, striking
against the object handled etc.

MECHANICAL MATERIAL HANDLING MECHANICAL MATERIAL


HANDLING
1.Ensuring compliance with the
provision of Chapter VII BOCW
Central Rules 1998.
2.Testing and Periodical examination
of lifting appliances and lifting gear.
3. Training of Operators , Signaller.
4. Adopt Safe Slinging Practices.

National Safety Council,India