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PLAYLOOK UPLISTS

VOCABULARY LISTS
IELTS WRITING PART 1 - Describing a proc

after
happening at a time subsequent to a reference time
subsequently
happening at a time later than another time
before
at or in the front
prior
earlier in time
firstly
before anything else
secondly
in the second place
finally
as the end result of a succession or process
lastly
the item at the end
afterwards
happening at a time subsequent to a reference time
then
at that time
later
happening at a time subsequent to a reference time
in the end
as the end result of a succession or process
once
as soon as
step
any maneuver made as part of progress toward a goal
stage
any distinct time period in a sequence of events
phase
a particular point in the time of a cycle
while
a period of indeterminate length marked by some action
meanwhile
at the same time but in another place
earlier
more early than; most early
begin
set in motion, cause to start
end
the concluding parts of an event or occurrence
following
immediately after in time or order
subsequent
following in time or order
at the same time but in another place
earlier
more early than; most early
begin
set in motion, cause to start
end
the concluding parts of an event or occurrence
following
immediately after in time or order
subsequent
following in time or order
IELTS WRITING PART 1 - Describing a process
July 29, 2012 By 678 ielts
Sequencing words to be used in flow charts and process diagrams
Rate this list: 4.5 (2 votes)
Vocabulary for the Introduction Part:
Starting Presentation Type Verb Description

The given / the supplied / diagram / table / figure / shows / represents / depicts / the comparison of ….
the presented / the shown illustration / graph / chart / illustrates / presents/ gives / the differences ….
/ the provided flow chart / picture/ provides / describes / the number of ….
presentation/ pie chart / bar compares/ shows contrast / information on ….
graph/ line graph / table data/ indicates / figures / gives data on ….
data / information / pictorial/ data on / gives information the proportion of….
process diagram/ map/ pie on/ presents information the amount of ….
chart and table/ bar graph about/ shows data about/ information on....
and pie chart ... demonstrate/ outlines/ data about...
summarise...

Example :
The provided diagram shows data on employment categories in energy producing sectors in Europe starting from 1925 and till 1985.
The given pie charts represent the proportion of male and female employee in 6 broad categories, divided into manual and non-
manual occupations in Freedonia.
The chart gives information on expenditures of 4 European countries on six consumer products namely Germany, Italy, Britain and
France.
The supplied bar graph compares the number of male and female graduated in three developing countries while the table data
presents the overall literacy rate in these countries.
The bar graph and the table data depicts the water use in different sectors in five regions.
Tips:
1. For a single graph use 's' after the verb, like - gives data on, shows/ presents etc. However, if there are multiple graphs, DO NOT
use 's' after the verb.
2. If there are multiple graphs and each one presents different type of data, use can write which graph presents what type of data
and use 'while' to show a connection. For example -'The given bar graph shows the amount spent on fast food items in 2009 in the
UK while the pie chart presents a comparison of people's ages who spent more on fast food.
3. Your introduction should be quite impressive as it makes the first impression to the examiner. It either makes or breaks your
overall score.
Vocabulary to show the changes:
Trends Verb form Noun Form

Increase rise / increase / go up / uplift / rocket(ed) / climb / upsurge / a rise / an increase / an upward trend / a growth
soar.

Decrease fall / decrease / decline / plummet / plunge / drop / reduce a fall / a decrease / a reduction / a downward
trends /a downward tendency / a decline/ a drop

Steadiness unchanged / level out / remain constant / remain steady / a steadiness/ a plateau / a stability/ a static
plateau / remain the same / remain stable / remain static

Gradual Increase an upward trend / an upward tendency / a ceiling


------------ trend

Gradual decrease a downward trend / a downward tendency / a


------------ descending trend

Standability level(ed) off / remain(ed) constant / remain(ed) unchanged /


remain(ed) stable / prevail(ed) consistency / plateaued / --------------
reach(ed) a plateau / stay(ed) uniform /immutable /
level(ed) out/ stabilise/ remain(ed) the same.
Examples:
The overall sale of the company has increased by 20% at the end of the year.
The expenditure of the office remained constant for the last 6 months but the profit rose by almost 25%.
There was a 15% drop in the student enrollment of the University.
The population of the country remained almost the same as it was 2 years ago.
The population of these two cities increase significantly in the last two decades and it is predicted that it will remain stable in the next
5 years.
Tips: Use 'improve' /'an improvement' to describe a situation like economic condition or employment status. To denote numbers
use other verbs/nouns like increase.
Vocabulary to represent changes in graphs:
Type of Change Adverb form Adjective form

Rapid change dramatically / rapidly / sharply / dramatic / rapid / sharp / quick /


quickly / hurriedly / speedily / swiftly hurried / speedy / swift

Moderate change moderately / gradually / moderate / gradual / progressive /


progressively / sequentially sequential

Slight change slightly / slowly / mildly / tediously slight / slow / mild / tedious

Example:
The economic inflation of the country increased sharply by 20% in 2008.
There was a sharp drop in the industrial production in the year 2009.
The demand for new houses dramatically increased in 2002.
The population of the country dramatically increased in the last decade.
The price of the oil moderately increased in last quarter but as a consequence the price of daily necessity rapidly went up.
Vocabulary to represent frequent changes in graphs:
Type of Change Verb form Noun form

Rapid ups and downs wave / fluctuate / oscillate / vacillate / waves / fluctuations / oscillations /
palpitate vacillations / palpitations

The most basic trend vocabulary – a few variations


Let’s look at this graph and see what words we need to describe it. Put simply we need language that describes
up (2009 to 2010),
down (2008 to 2009),
up and down (between 2006 and 2009)
no change (2006 and 2007)
the top (2010)
Up variations

Down variations

Up and down
Sometimes you need to describe a graph that goes up and then down. Here we have fewer options.

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