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Name: Adukonu Senanu kofi

ID NUMBER: 10473515

PROSTHODONTICS ASSIGNMENT

THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF CAST USED IN PROSTHETIC DENTISTRY

Casts are accurate, three-dimensional replicas of a patient’s teeth which are made
by pouring dental plaster or acrylic into impressions (imprints, or molds) of the
teeth, and allowing it to harden. Casts can be created from many types of dental
stone, metal or plastic, depending on the intended use and the durability
requirements of the cast. Casts will be ordered whenever the dentist needs to
study the size and relationship between the teeth, gums and dental arches.

There are various types of dental casts namely study cast, primary cast, secondary
cast, master cast, working cast, sectional cast and dies.
STUDY CAST

Made according to a study impression made previously. Should be mounted on an


articulator. Besides revealing the shape of the hard and soft tissues, the
mounted casts permit the cast’s relation to each other and occlusion to be
studied in detail, even from lingual aspect. It helps to decide the patient’s
treatment plan.

PRIMARY CAST

Made according to a primary impression in construction of every kind of dental


appliances, a special tray is constructed onto it (after outlining the borders of the
special tray at the dental office).

SECONDARY CAST

Made according to a secondary impression taken by a special tray and gives more

precise details about the hard and soft tissues .


SECTIONAL CAST

The dies of the prepared teeth or roots can be removed separately from the cast
to make a very accurate or precise wax pattern for making a fixed dental
appliance.
Several methods are used for making sectional casts:
Pindex method
Kiefer method
Crystal method

MASTER CAST

It is the cast what is first poured out with stone after taking impression at the
dental office. Ready appliances are also transported on it.
WORKING CAST

A copy what is made from the master cast with the help of duplicating material.
It is used for making the wax pattern for the metal framework of a removable
partial denture on its surface with pre-fabricated wax elements.
DIES

Small model or cast with a base . Produced from an impression (mainly


elastomeric types) of the crown or root surface of the tooth. Essential function of
the die is to allow a restoration to be constructed in the laboratory which has an
accurate internal or fitting surface.