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EMC / Electromagnetic compatibility

Training objectives:
You are informed about causes of
electromagnetic interference.

You know the general principle of


emc-compatible design

SINAMICS Date: 06.03.2007 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Drives
Siemens AG 2007. All rights reserved. File: ABU DHABI: Page 13 - 1

EMC / Electromagnetic compatibility


Content Page
EMC-model...................................................................................................................................... 3
Definition of compartments within a drive system............................................................................. 4
Low frequency noise emissions (< 9kHz).......................................................................................... 5
High frequency noise emissions (> 9kHz)......................................................................................... 6
Earth connection of conductive enclosures ...................................................................................... 7
Earth connection of conductive enclosures....................................................................................... 8
Capacitive coupling.......................................................................................................................... 9
Converters within a cabinet.............................................................................................................. 10
Cables / installation of cables......................................................................................................... 11
Shielding and potential compensation.............................................................................................. 12

SINAMICS Date: 06.03.2007 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Drives
Siemens AG 2007. All rights reserved. File: ABU DHABI: Page 13 - 2
EMC-model

SINAMICS Date: 06.03.2007 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Drives
Siemens AG 2007. All rights reserved. File: ABU DHABI: Page 13 - 3

Definition of compartments within a drive system

interference
receiver

interference
receiver

interference
source

interference
receiver

SINAMICS Date: 06.03.2007 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Drives
Siemens AG 2007. All rights reserved. File: ABU DHABI: Page 13 - 4
Low frequency noise emissions (< 9kHz)

¾ Voltage distortions

¾ Voltage dips (voltage fluctuations)

¾ Small line impedance of the incoming feeder (Sinv. / SK.line < 0.01)

¾ Line reactor

SINAMICS Date: 06.03.2007 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Drives
Siemens AG 2007. All rights reserved. File: ABU DHABI: Page 13 - 5

High frequency noise emissions (> 9kHz)


interference source

noise current IS due to charging effects of the parasitic capacity CP ; causes noise voltage on ZE and ZN

backflow of the noise current IS via shielded motor cable; impedance is reduced by EMC-filter

SINAMICS Date: 06.03.2007 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Drives
Siemens AG 2007. All rights reserved. File: ABU DHABI: Page 13 - 6
Earth connection of conductive enclosures

PLC converter motor

- in long earth connections of small


noise cross section the noise current
noise voltage generates high noise voltages
voltage

PLC converter motor

+ star shaped short connections of


large cross section considerably
reduce inevitable noise voltages

SINAMICS Date: 06.03.2007 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Drives
Siemens AG 2007. All rights reserved. File: ABU DHABI: Page 13 - 7

Earth connection of conductive enclosures


Solid bus bar of large cross section for
common earth connections

Earth connection of metallic sub-


assemblies preferably by flexible lead

Use multi strand cable of large cross


section to substitute for flexible lead

Earth connection of movable doors by


short flexible lead

Solid bus bar of large cross section


continued through several cabinets for
common earth connections

SINAMICS Date: 06.03.2007 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Drives
Siemens AG 2007. All rights reserved. File: ABU DHABI: Page 13 - 8
Capacitive coupling

interference
source

the potential difference between insulated wires causes a noise current IS ; consequently generating noise voltage on Z

using shielded signal cables the noise current IS leaks off via the housing

SINAMICS Date: 06.03.2007 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Drives
Siemens AG 2007. All rights reserved. File: ABU DHABI: Page 13 - 9

Converters within a cabinet

+ screened line- and motor cables

+ large, conductive base mounting plate

+ screened PROFUBUS cable crossing the


power cable at an angle of 90 degrees

+ line filter mounted on the large


conductive base mounting plate providing
effective earth connection

- mixed wiring of power- and control cables

SINAMICS Date: 06.03.2007 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Drives
Siemens AG 2007. All rights reserved. File: ABU DHABI: Page 13 - 10
Cables / installation of cables

¾ Shielded motor cables, as short as possible, of small capacitance per unit length

¾ Install motor cables and the group of temperature sensor-, signal- and data-cables separately
(Æ not in parallel to the motor cable / with grounded metal sheets / close to the grounded conduct)

¾ Ground the shield of temperature sensor-, signal- and data-cables on both ends

¾ Ground analog signal cables on one end via capacitor (0.1μF)

¾ Install signal cables “in one piece” (Æ uninterrupted shield)

¾ Ground spare wires on both ends

¾ Twist unshielded wires of the same current circuit with each other

SINAMICS Date: 06.03.2007 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Drives
Siemens AG 2007. All rights reserved. File: ABU DHABI: Page 13 - 11

Shielding and potential compensation

¾ Ground shields on both ends on a large area (not by separate wire)

¾ Ground the shield directly after entry to the cubicle; continue shielded from here on

¾ Use conductive connector housings to connect shielded cables with each other

¾ Use cables of sufficient cross section (> 10mm2) for the potential compensation between associating
parts of the drive assembly

¾ Connect potential compensation cables to one common ground

SINAMICS Date: 06.03.2007 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Drives
Siemens AG 2007. All rights reserved. File: ABU DHABI: Page 13 - 12