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British Money

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British Money

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2-4

British Money

Topics Include:

Counting coins

Pounds and pence

Counting bills

Making change

Adding money amounts

Money problems

by Maria Miller

www.k5learning.com

British Money

Years 2 - 4 Workbook

Distributed by K5 Learning

EDITION 3/2017

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in

writing from the author.

Copying permission: Permission IS granted to reproduce this material to be used with one (1) teacher's

students by virtue of the purchase of this book. In other words, one (1) teacher MAY make copies of

these worksheets to be used with his/her students. Permission is not given to reproduce the material for

resale. Making the file(s) available on any website for the purpose of sharing is strictly prohibited. If you

have other needs, such as licensing for a school or tutoring center, contact the author at

http://www.MathMammoth.com/contact.php

____________________________________________

Welcome to Math Mammoth’s Blue Series

K5 Learning is proud to offer its customers Math Mammoth’s Blue Series of math workbooks for

grades 1-7.

We believe the Blue Series is ideal for independent or parent-guided study. Conceptual

understanding of math concepts is emphasised with simple but rigorous explanations and visual

models. Each topic begins with a bite-sized introduction and an example, followed by practice

exercises including word problems.

Place value Money Integers

Multiplication & division Geometry Percents

Fractions Measurement Statistics & probability

Decimals Data & graphs Expressions & equations

Percents Linear equations Rational numbers

The Blue Series workbooks can be purchased from K5’s online bookstore store.k5learning.com.

Maria Miller is a math teacher turned housewife and homeschooler. She has a master’s degree

in mathematics with minors in physics and statistics and has been developing math educational

materials since the early 2000s. Maria is the founder of the MathMammoth website.

About K5 Learning

K5 Learning offers an online reading and math program for children in kindergarten through

grade 5 at www.k5learning.com. Our aim is to help parents help their kids develop their

reading, math and study skills. A 14 day free trial is available.

If you have any questions or feedback for us, please contact us at customer-

service@k5learning.com.

Contents

Introduction ......................................................................... 4

Counting 1p, 2p, and 5p Coins .......................................... 7

10p, 20p, and 50p Coins ..................................................... 9

Practising with Coins ......................................................... 12

Practising Shopping ........................................................... 14

Change ................................................................................. 16

Counting Coins Revision ................................................... 19

Revision - Coins ................................................................. 22

Pounds ................................................................................. 23

Pence and Pound Amounts ................................................ 26

Adding Money Amounts ................................................... 28

Pounds, Part 2 ................................................................... 30

Counting Change ............................................................... 33

Working Out the Change ................................................... 35

Mental Maths and Money Problems ................................ 39

Solving Money Problems .................................................. 42

Revision ............................................................................. 46

Answers .............................................................................. 47

Introduction

Math Mammoth British Money is a worktext that covers money-related topics usually

encountered during years 2-4. The book contains both textbook explanations and exercises,

and is designed to be very easy to teach from, requiring very little teacher preparation

(before the lessons, you do need to find coins to practise with).

The book starts with year-2 topics, such as counting coins with pence-amounts and easy

problems about change. These lessons use “p” as a symbol for pence. While these initial

lessons use pictures for the coins, practising with real coins is even better, and you should

have real money on hand to practise with.

From there, the lessons advance toward year 3, and finally to year-4 topics, such as

practising with pound amounts, and working out total amounts and change. Therefore, you

can also let your child work the pages of this book in different time periods, and not go

through it all at once, depending on your child's current level.

Working out the Change explains two basic ways of working out the change: counting up,

and subtracting (finding the difference). This is all done with mental maths. The next lesson

also practises money problems using mental maths.

In the last lesson we solve money problems by adding and subtracting money amounts

vertically (in columns).

Maria Miller

British Money Resources on the Internet

Use these games and resources to supplement the bookwork as you see fit.

Create free worksheets for counting all British coins and some banknotes. You can choose the number of

coins, the maximum total amount, and the number of problems.

http://www.homeschoolmath.net/worksheets/british-money.php

Select your options, and then generate the worksheet for counting how much money is shown. You can

include notes, coins, or both.

http://www.theteacherscorner.net/printable-worksheets/make-your-own/money-worksheets/

Teaching Money

Lots of different online games: convert between pounds and pence, count up the total of the coins,

shopping game, making change game, and more. The first items on the page are whiteboard resources,

and the games are a further down on the page. Also includes worksheet generators for some fun-type

worksheets.

http://www.teachingmoney.co.uk/

Change Maker

The computer gives you the amount of sale and the amount paid, and you choose how much of each coin

you need to give the change.

http://www.funbrain.com/cgi-bin/cr.cgi?A1=s&A14=medium&country[uk].x=32&country[uk].y=29

Change eXchanger

Click the green button that says “new”. An item comes down the conveyer belt. Click the scanner device

once and move it near the item to find out its price. Click the scanner to put it down, and the customer's

money “rolls in”. Lastly, click the coins that need to be given as change.

http://www.ictgames.com/change_eXchanger_50p.html

Money Splat

Two hands are shown with different kinds of coins in each. You splat the hand by the coins that add up to

10p.

http://www.ictgames.com/moneysplat.html

Price Challenge

Click the correct coins to pay the price shown on the price tag.

http://www.ictgames.com/moneypayer50p.html

Check the price and put the change into the customer's hand. Three levels.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/skillswise/numbers/measuring/money/flash1.shtml

Number Jumbler

A number machine that lets you play several different games. The ones that are money-related are

Rounding to the nearest 10p, and Win the money (you add up the coins).

http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/starship/maths/numberjumbler.shtml

Money Master

Choose your money, then the puzzle type. You either make money amounts or give change by dragging

coins to the workspace.

http://www.mathsisfun.com/money/money-master.html

Igloo Shopping

Choose the right coins to pay for the items in the igloo shop.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/ks1bitesize/numeracy/money/fs.shtml

Printable worksheets in PDF, Doc, or Excel format.

http://www.primaryresources.co.uk/maths/mathsD2.htm

A list of dozens of interactive resources and games for British money, such as Piggy Bank, Money Maze,

Let's Go Shopping, Sweet Shop, and many more.

http://www.everyschool.co.uk/maths-key-stage-1-money.html

Counting 1p, 2p, and 5p Coins

one 1 penny is 2 pence is 5 pence

or 1p. or 2p. or 5p.

2p coins are bronze. The 1p is bigger than the 5p coin.

The 5p coin is silver, and the 2p coin is the largest.

the pence. It's called

counting up. Start counting

with the coins of the largest

value.

Count

up → 5p 10p 12p 13p 14p 15p The total on the right is 15p.

a. b. c.

d. e. f.

g. h. i.

You can count

each set of two

fives as a ten.

10p 20p 21p 22p 23p

2. Count and write the total amount in pence; especially notice all of the fives.

a. b.

c. d.

Each collection below shows 7p, but uses different coins.

= 7p = 7p

= 7p

3. Make these amounts of money in different ways. Use 5p, 2p and 1p coins. You can use real

money or draw silver circles with 5, and red circles with 2 or 1 on them.

a. 8p b. 6p c. 11p

10p, 20p, and 50p Coins

is worth is worth is worth

10p. 20p. 50p.

These coins are all silver coloured. Notice the design and read the pence value on each one.

Count

up→ 50p 70p 80p 85p 87p 88p 89p

Count up to find the total value of the coins. Start counting with the coins that have the largest

value. This is 89p.

a. b.

c. d.

e. f.

g. h.

You can count

each set of two

30p 40p 50p 55p 56p 57p fives as a ten.

2. Count the coins. Write the total amount. Count two fives as a ten.

a. b.

c. d.

e. f.

3. Make these money amounts in three different ways. Either use real money or draw red

circles with “2p” and with “1p”, and silver circles with “5p”, “10p” and “20p”.

If the amount in pence ends in 5, 6, 7, 8, or 9, it is

good to use the 5p coin, and not lots of 1p and 2p. = 17p

Similarly, when the pence amount is more than 20p,

it is good to use the 20p coin. It is not wrong = 31p

to use lots of 10p, but using 20p is more efficient.

4. Make these money amounts. Try to use the least amount of coins possible. Think!

a. 22p b. 35p

c. 13p d. 34p

e. 56p f. 46p

g. 62p h. 78p

i. 27p j. 94p

Practising with Coins

1. Write the total amount in pence.

a. b.

c. d.

e. f.

a. b.

c. d.

e. f.

3. First draw a 10p coin more. How much money is there now?

a. b.

c. d.

4. Make these money amounts. Use either real money, or draw circles with numbers for the

various coins.

5. You have some money, and you get some more. Use real money or draw pictures to help.

a. b. c.

Practising Shopping

1. Make these amounts of money. You can use real money, or draw the coins.

2. You have:

Draw the coins you would use to pay for an item that costs:

a. two 20p coins and three 5p coins b. four 10p coins and four 5p coins

c. a 20p coin, five 10p coins d. three 20p coins, three 5p coins,

and six 2p coins and three 2p coins

4. Cross out the coins you need to buy the item. Write how many pence you have left.

Change

When you buy something in a shop, you might not have the exact amount of money to pay for

it. Instead, you give the shop clerk more money than what the item costs. The shop clerk then

gives you some money back. This is called your change.

A pen costs 55p. You don't have the coins to make exactly 55p, so you give the cashier 60p.

That is 5p too much! But then the cashier gives you back 5p, which is your change.

Price: 55p

60p 5p

The cashier gives you back the difference between the price and what you paid.

In the problems below, work out the change you get back. Think of the DIFFERENCE between

the price and what you pay; or, think how many pence you paid “too much”. That is your change.

You can set up a “play shop” to do these problems, using real money, one person as a

shopkeeper, and one person as a customer.

1. Write how many pence you give, and how many pence you get back in change.

d. You gave: Your change:

Price: 17p

Price: 35p

e. You gave: Your change: f. You gave: Your change:

a. You bought a

drink for 55p. You gave: Change:

b. You bought

raisins for 33p. You gave: Change:

c. You bought a

toy for 46p. Change:

You gave:

d. You bought a

book for 88p. Change:

You gave:

e. You bought a

basket for 75p. Change:

You gave:

You gave:

f. You bought

crayons for 63p. Change:

3. Practise some more! Work out the change.

You give 80p. You give 50p. You give 90p.

You give 50p. You give 80p. You give 75p.

4. Now you buy many items. First add their prices to find the total. Then work out the change.

Draw the coins that could be your change.

a. A magazine costs 25p. You bought three of them. You gave 80p.

Total cost: 75p

Change: 5p

b. A toy costs 15p and another toy 20p. You give 50p.

Total cost:

Change:

c. A lollipop costs 8p. You buy two of them. You give 20p.

Total cost:

Change:

d. A pencil costs 5p. You buy three of them. You give 20p.

Total cost:

Change:

Total cost:

Change:

Counting Coins Revision

Count each

two fives

Count

up → 20p 25p 26p 27p 10p 20p 21p as a ten.

= £1

100p

a. b.

c.

d.

e. f.

g. h.

2. How much is the total if you have:

a. 20p and three 10p coins b. three 20p and a 10p coin

and three 2p coins

and eight 10p coins 10p coins and a 1p coin

3. Cross out the coins you need to buy the item. Write how many pence you have left.

Often you have several ways to make a given amount. For example, to make 54p,

you can use two 20p, one 10p and two 2p coins. Or, you may use a 50p coin and

four 1p coins. Are there any other ways to do it?

4. Work out two ways to make these amounts. Use real money, or draw coins to illustrate.

5. One pound is 100p. The symbol for pound is “£”. How much more is needed to make £1?

a. b. c.

Revision - Coins

1. How much money? Write the amount in pence.

a. b. c.

d. e. f.

3. William and Mary each bought something. How much money do they have left?

a comb for 29p. apple for 62p.

How much is left? How much is left?

Pounds

is equal to 100p. pounds. It is

equal to 200p.

£1 or £5 or £5.00

£1.00 £2 or £2.00 This is a £5 note.

It equals 500p.

Use the “£” symbol in front of pound amounts. The whole pounds and the pence are separated by a

decimal point.

= £1.20 (one pound and 20p) = £7.21 (seven pounds and 21p)

a. b.

c. d.

e. f.

g. h.

2. Write the pound amount.

a. b.

c. d.

e. f.

If you don't have any pounds, put a zero in the whole pounds' place.

Notice also how 1p is written £0.01 so that the penny is written as “.01”.

3. Write the pence amounts using the pound symbol and a decimal point. Remember the zero.

a. b. c.

d. e. f.

4. Draw coins and notes for these amounts. Or, use real money.

a. £1.32 b. £2.06

c. £0.28 d. £3.80

e. £0.08 f. £2.54

g. £7.04 h. £5.92

i. £6.80 j. £4.67

Pence and Pound Amounts

Sometimes you have more than 100 pence from the smaller coins.

Each 100p makes a whole pound.

a. b.

c. d.

e. f.

g. h.

i. j.

2. Write the amount in pounds.

a. b.

c. d.

a. 170p b. 242p

c. 312p d. 459p

Adding Money Amounts

Align the decimal points! Align the decimal points!

You can add money amounts in columns. ↓ 1

Make sure the decimal points are aligned. £1 . 7 8 £0 . 5 8

Then add. The decimal point for the answer + 2.2 0 + 2.2 6

is in the same place. £3 . 9 8 £2 . 8 4

You carry the same way as if ↑ ↑

there were no decimal points. Add a decimal point Add a decimal point

to the answer to the answer

1 1

1 1

£0 . 4 7

£0.34

£0 . 3 4 £0.47 £0.47 0.4 7

+ 0.6 9 + 0.3 4

£1.0 3 £1.2 8

£0.69 £0.34

Total cost £1.03. Total cost £1.28.

1. Add in columns.

a. £0.29 + £ 0.56 b. £1.41 + £0.09 c. £0.77 + £2.24 + £1.80

£ . £ . £ .

+ . + . .

£ . £ . + .

£ .

and a pen

£0.34

£0.52

Cafeteria Menu

£1.52

an apple, and a bottle and a slice of pizza.

of water.

sandwich, and a coffee. and a bottle of water.

4. Work out the total cost, and then the change. You can use real money or draw pictures to help.

She paid with £5.

and paid with £3.

Pounds, Part 2

One pound. Two pounds.

front of pound amounts.

then a decimal point,

and then the pence. £50.50 £2.05

a. b.

c. d.

e. f.

One hundred pence

(100p) makes £1 100 p = £1

(one pound).

= Total £3.25

a. b.

c. d.

40p = £0.40

Remember to put 0 in the pounds' place if there is

less than 100p. If there is less than 10p, 82p = £0.82

we also need a zero in the 10p place.

9p = £0.09

a. b. c.

f. = £3.06

b. 6p = d. 209p =

5. Add the money amounts. You can add the pence and pounds separately in your head.

The pictures show how much money you have. Write how much you will have left

if you buy the items listed.

6.

If I buy: I will have left:

7.

If I buy: I will have left:

£

a magazine for £1.50

£

paper cups for £2.07

8.

If I buy: I will have left:

£

paper for £0.90

Counting Change

When you buy an item, you might not have the exact coins and notes for the amount it costs.

However, you can pay with a larger note, and get back some change.

To give change, or to check the change you are given, count up from the price of the item

until you reach the amount the customer gave.

The change is

£0.34 Count up these coins.

from The change is

The customer gave £1 the price → £0.35 £0.40 £0.60 £0.80 £1.00 66p.

The change is

Count up these coins.

£0.69 from The change is

The customer gave £1 the price → £0.70 £0.80 £0.90 £1.00 31p.

a. £0.78

Change: __________

Customer gave £1

b. £0.65

Change: __________

Customer gave £1

c. £0.47

Customer gave £1 Change: __________

d. £0.52

Change: __________

Customer gave £1

2. Draw the coins to use for the change.

a. £1.15

The customer gave £2 Change: __________

b. £2.30

The customer gave £2.50 Change: __________

c. £1.78

The customer gave £2 Change: __________

d. £2.32

The customer gave £3 Change: __________

3. Work out the change. You can draw coins or use real money to help.

£0.__________ £0.__________

£0.__________ £0.__________

£0.__________ £0.__________

Working Out the Change

1. To give change, or to check the change that is given, count up from the price of the item

until you reach the amount the customer gave. First count up to the next whole pound,

using the coins with pence-amounts. Then use the whole-pound coins and notes.

a.

Price: £0.76

The change is

The customer Count

£0.80 £1.00 £0._________

gave £1. up →

b.

Price: £490

The change is

The customer Count

gave £100. up → £50.00 £100.00 £_________

c.

Price: £2.35

The change is

The customer Count

gave £5. up → £_________

d.

Price: £4.18

The change is

The customer Count

gave £10. up → £_________

e.

Price: £8.24

The change is

The customer Count

gave £10. up → £_________

2.Work out the change. You can draw coins or use real money to help.

a.

Price: £3.55

The change is

The customer

gave £5. £_________

b.

Price: £8.60

The change is

The customer

gave £10. £_________

c.

Price: £4.70

The change is

The customer

gave £10. £_________

d.

Price: £7.99

The change is

The customer

gave £10. £_________

e.

Price: £3.25

The change is

The customer

gave £5. £_________

f.

Price: £4.15

The change is

The customer

gave £10. £_________

Working out the change is finding the difference.

Example:

You can also work out the change by subtracting the

item price from the money amount the customer A book cost £6. You gave £10.

gives.

Your change:

You are just finding the difference between the price £10 − £6 = £4.

and the money given.

You can add up to work out the change. A toy cost £3.30. You gave £10.

Another method is to first add up to the next whole First find how many pence

pound to find the pence. Then find the pound-amount there are to the next

by subtracting. whole pound: £3.30 + £0.70 = £4.

Again, you are finding the difference between the Then find the difference between

price and the money given, but you are finding that in £4 and £10, which is £6.

two parts.

The total change is £6.70.

You gave £10. You gave £20. You gave £10.

You gave £10. You gave £10. You gave £5.

You gave £5. You gave £2. You gave £10.

4. Did these people receive the correct change? If not, correct it.

a. Margie bought a few items that cost £7.86. She paid with a £10 note.

She got back £2, two 20p coins, and two 2p coins.

b. Fred bought a toy car for £2.76 and gave £5 for it. The shopkeeper handed

back to him a 20p coin and a £2 coin .

Here is a little trick for finding two 2-digit numbers that add up to 100:

The tens add up to 9...

...plus there is one ten

that is “carried” from the ones —

the total is ten, tens or a hundred.

a. b. c. d. e.

56 19 72 44 34

+ + + + +

100 100 100 100 100

6. Fill in the missing amount in pence. You can use the “trick” explained above.

7. Work out the change. Find what coins and notes could be used to give the change.

a. A book cost £3.55. You gave £5. b. Pencils cost £2.88. You gave £5.

two 20p coins, and £1 coin.

c. A shirt cost £7.76. You gave £10. d. Sunglasses cost £8.95. You gave £10.

e. A sandwich cost £4.26. You gave £5. f. Flowers cost £6.28. You gave £10.

Mental Maths and Money Problems

You can also add money £1.20 + £ 1.50 £0.14 + £1.20

amounts in your mind.

Add the pounds and the = £2.70 = £1.34

pence separately.

make a pound. = 140p = £1.40 = 105p = £1.05

1. Work out the total cost of buying the things listed. Try to add them in your head.

£3.10

£1.50 £0.50

£1.00 £0.80

£1.90 £0.55

£2.20 £20

£35

and pencils

and crayons

and crayons and microscope

2. Add up to the next whole pound.

a. b. c.

Add up to work out the change Price: £1.20. The customer gave £5.

To work out the change, find the difference £1.20 £2.00 £5.00

between the price and the money given.

difference → £0.80 £3

Start from the price and add till you

reach the amount the the customer gave. Change: £3.80

First add up to the next whole 10p. Price: £3.37. The customer gave £5.

Then add up to the next whole pound £3.37 £3.40 £ 4.00 £5.00

(if need be).

difference → £0.03 £0.60 £1

Then, add all the differences

to work out the total change. Change: £1.63

a. Price: £1.80. The customer gave £5. b. Price: £3.26. The customer gave £4.

c. Price: £2.19. The customer gave £5. d. Price: £0.82. The customer gave £5.

4. Work out the change.

a. Price: £0.45. The customer gave £1. b. Price: £2.40. The customer gave £5.

Change: £_________ Change: £_________

c. Price: £3.15. The customer gave £3.50. d. Price: £4.36. The customer gave £5.

Change: £_________ Change: £_________

e. Price: £0.28. The customer gave £0.50. f. Price: £1.34. The customer gave £5.

Change: £_________ Change: £_________

g. Price: £2.29. The customer gave £2.50. h. Price: £3.58. The customer gave £3.75.

Change: £_________ Change: £_________

£0.70 for water. Find the total amount

she paid and her change from £3.

£1.15 each. Find the total amount

and his change from £5.

of crayons for £1.40 each?

If not, how much more do you need?

If yes, work out your change if you buy them.

a stapler, and a pen (see problem 1)?

If not, work out how much more you would need.

If yes, work out your change if you buy them.

Solving Money Problems

pounds p Add the pound and pence amounts in columns the same way as

1 1 1

any other numbers. You can imagine that the decimal point is

£ 1 4. 0 5 not there while calculating. Just remember to put it in the answer!

2. 1 1

+ 5 4. 9 5

£ 7 1.1 1

a. b. c. £ 2 . 9 9 d. £20.46 e. £12.99

£5.69 5.79 2.79 25.59

£2.24 7.50 1.40 5.62 41.80

+ 4.69 + 22.25 + 6.72 + 6.68 + 26.70

2. Work out the total cost for buying the items listed.

£ 1.50 £14.87 £1.99

a. a skirt and a book bag b. a teddy bear, crayons, c. a pen and three

scissors, and two pens pairs of scissors

Subtract or add up to work out the change.

To work out the change, you find the difference between the price and the money given.

To find any difference, you can:

z subtract the price from the money given, or

z add up from the price to the money given.

Subtracting to work out the change often involves borrowing over many zeros.

A ball cost £11.28. A customer paid The price was £5.65. A customer paid

with £20. What was his change? with £20 and got back £14.55.

Was that correct change?

Add up: Subtract: Add the price and the change:

+ £0.72 + £8 9 9

1 1 1

1 10 10 10

£2 0 . 0 0 £ 5.6 5

£11.28 £12.00 £20.00 −1 1 . 2 8 +1 4 . 5 5

£0 8 . 7 2 £2 0 . 2 0

The difference is £8.72.

No, it was 20p too much.

a. + + b. + +

£10 – £2.66 £20 – £7.52

= £______ £2.66 £3.00 £10.00 = £______ £7.52 £8.00 £20.00

c. + + d. + +

£20 – £14.47 £50 – £28.33

= £______ _____ _____ _____ = £______ _____ _____ _____

4. Subtract.

a. b. c. d. e.

£5 . 5 0 £1 0 . 9 0 £2 0 . 0 0 £1 0 . 0 0 £5 0 . 0 0

– 2.39 – 4.45 – 7.29 – 6.44 – 34.56

5. Solve the problems.

£35.90

a. Mark bought two computer mice and b. Judy bought a book and a book bag.

paid with a £20 note. She paid with £30. How many pounds

What was his change? and pence did she receive in change?

c. Mark bought a microscope and paid d. Mark has £5.50 saved, and he wants to

with a £50 note. He received buy a calculator and a book.

£14.10 as change. Was that correct? What is the total cost?

buy with £10? How much more money does Mark need

to save to buy them?

the purchase?

6. Solve the word problems.

a. Dad bought a meal for £15.55 and b. Dad paid with a £50 note.

tea for £2.39 at a restaurant. What was his change?

What was the total amount?

c. You have saved £15, and you want to buy d. Melissa bought a book for £4.55, a

a toy for £22.95. How much do you still magazine for £2.30, and a pencil for

need to save? £0.85. Find the total amount she paid.

fruit juice, and a sandwich. Fruit juice £1.45

What was the total amount? Fizzy drink £1.56

Sandwich £3.98

Coffee £1.55

f. Can mum buy a jacket for £14.55 and a blouse for £23.95 with £40?

If no, how much does she still need?

Revision

1. How much money? Write the amount.

a. £__________ b. £__________

and eight 1p coins and one 50p coin

a. Maria has saved £23.00, and she wants to b. Arnold bought a sandwich for £2.55,

buy a game for £42.95. How much does soup for £2.30, and juice for £1.85.

she still need to save? Add up the total amount.

a. You bought smiley face stickers for £2.35 and a notebook for £1.20.

What was the total cost?

Math Mammoth British Money Answer Key

Counting 1p, 2p, and 5p Coins, p. 7

1. a. 9p b. 13p c. 11p d. 15p e. 18p f. 14p g. 29p h. 15p i. 19p

2. a. 23p b. 20p

c. 38p d. 32p

3. There are also other combinations.

a. 8p = one 5p plus one 2p plus one 1p; or one 5p plus three 1p; or four 2p

b. 6p = one 5p plus one 1p; or three 2p

c. 11p = two 5p plus one 1p; or five 2p plus one 1p; or one 5p plus three 2p; or

one 5p, two 2p, and two 1p.

1. a. 76p b. 72p c. 37p d. 55p

e. 31p f. 27p g. 91p h. 45p

2. a. 30p b. 22p c. 42p d. 77p e. 51p f. 62p

3. There are other options. Revise the student’s work.

a. 22p = one 20p, and one 2p

b. 22p = two 10p, and one 2p

c. 22p = one 10p, two 5p, and two 1p

d. 35p = one 20p, one 10p, and one 5p

e. 35p = one 20p, two 5p, two 2p, and one 1p

f. 35p = two 10p, one 5p, and five 2p

4. a. 22p = one 20p, and one 2p b. 35p = one 20p, one 10p, and one 5p

c. 13p = one 10p, one 2p, and one 1p d. 34p = one 20p, one 10p, and two 2p

e. 56p = one 50p, one 5p, and one 1p f. 46p = two 20p, one 5p, and one 1p

g. 62p = one 50p, one 10p, and one 2p h. 78p = one 50p, one 20p, one 5p, one 2p, and one 1p

i. 27p = one 20p, one 5p, and one 2p j. 94p = one 50p, two 20p, and two 2p

1. a. 20p b. 46p c. 88p d. 48p e. 106p f. 92p

2. a. 12p b. 36p c. 51p d. 21p e. 16p f. 67p

3. a. 17p b. 21p c. 45p d. 70p

4. a. 25p = one 20p, and one 5p

b. 39p = one 20p, one 10p, one 5p, and two 2p

c. 14p = one 10p, and two 2p

d. 38p = one 20p, one 10p, one 5p, one 2p, and one 1p

e. 63p = one 50p, one 10p, one 2p, and one 1p

f. 56p = one 50p, one 5p, and one 1p

g. 81p = one 50p, one 20p, one 10p, and one 1p

h. 45p = two 20p, and one 5p

i. 27p = one 20p, one 5p, and one 2p

5.

a. b. c.

10p + 10p = 20p 21p + 5p = 26p 40p + 20p = 60p

11p + 10p = 21p 24p + 5p = 29p 53p + 10p = 63p

13p + 10p = 23p 25p + 5p = 30p 55p + 5p = 60p

15p + 10p = 25p 20p + 5p = 25p 56p + 20p = 76p

16p + 10p = 26p 27p + 5p = 32p 58p + 30p = 88p

Practising Shopping, p. 14

1. Please check the student's answers. There are various combinations.

a. 47p = two 20p, one 5p, and one 2p

b. 32p = one 20p, one 10p, and one 2p

c. 88p = one 50p, one 20p, one 10p, one 5p, one 2p, and one 1p

2. Please check the student's answers. There are various combinations.

a. 29p = one 20p, one 5p, and one 2p

b. 46p = two 20p, one 5p, and one 1p

c. 62p = one 50p, one 10p, and one 2p

d. 48p = two 20p, one 5p, one 2p, and one 1p

e. 86p = one 50p, one 20p, one 10p, one 5p, and one 1p

f. 91p = one 50p, two 20p, and one 1p

3. a. 55p b. 60p c. 82p d. 81p

4. a. Paid with one 20p, one 10p, one 5p, one 2p and two 2p. You have 6p left.

b. Paid with three 20p, two 10p, one 5p, one 2p and one 1p. You have 10p left.

c. Paid with one 20p, two 10p, two 5p and four 1p. You have 5p left.

d. Paid with one 50p, one 10p, and one 1p. You have 58p left.

e. Paid with one 50p, two 20p, one 5p, and two 1p. You have 11p left.

f. Paid with 50p, one 20p, one 10p, and one 1p. You have 12p left.

g. Paid with two 20p, three 10p, and three 1p. You have 8p left.

h. Paid with one 20p, two 10p, two 2p, and one 1p. You have 3p left.

i. Paid with one 20p, one 5p and one 1p. You have 35p left.

Change, p. 16

1. a. 20p, 5p b. 40p, 10p c. 40p, 5p d. 20p, 3p e. 30p, 8p f. 15p, 4p g. 60p, 10p h. 80p, 10p

2. a. 5p b. 7p c. 4p d. 2p e. 5p f. 2p

3. a. 10p b. 9p c. 6p d. 30p e. 10p f. 13p

4. b. total 35p; change 15p c. total 16p; change 4p

d. total 15p; change 5p e. total 45p; change 5p

1. a. 25p b. 30p c. 50p d. 31p e. 47p f. 46p g. 132p h. 76p

2. a. 50p b. 70p c. 60p d. 36p e. 89p f. 81p

3. a. Paid with one 10p, one 5p and one 2p. You have 27p left.

b. Paid with four 20p, two 5p and one 2p. You have 7p left.

c. Paid with one 20p, one 10p, one 2p and one 1p. You have 21p left.

d. Paid with one 50p, one 5p, one 2p and one 1p. You have 56p left.

e. Paid with one 50p, and one 10p and two 2p. You have 61p left.

f. Paid with one 50p, two 20p and one 5p. You have 26p left.

4. Answers may vary, revise the student’s work.

a. 26p = one 20p, one 5p, and one 1p; or two 10p, and three 2p

b. 37p = one 20p, one 10p, one 5p, and one 2p; or three 10p, three 2p, and one 1p

c. 43p = two 20p, one 2p, and one 1p; or one 20p, two 10p, and three 1p

d. 53p = one 50p, one 2p, and one 1p; or two 20p, one 10p, and three 1p

e. 61p = one 50p, one 10p, and one 1p; or six 10p, and one 1p

f. 88p = one 50p, one 20p, one 10p, one 5p, one 2p, and one 1p; or four 20p, and four 2p

5.

a. b. c.

92p + 8p = £1 70p + 30p = £1 40p + 60p = £1

80p + 20p = £1 74p + 26p = £1 33p + 67p = £1

79p + 21p = £1 64p + 36p = £1 45p + 55p = £1

50p + 50p = £1 58p + 42p = £1 31p + 69p = £1

Revision - Coins, p. 22

1. a. 11p b. 26p c. 50p d. 27p e. 41p f. 72p

2. Revise the student’s work. Answers may vary.

a. 52p = one 50p, and one 2p

b. 27p = one 20p, one 5p, and one 2p

c. 76p = one 50p, one 20p, one 5p, and one 1p

d. 85p = one 50p, one 20p, one 10p, and one 5p

e. 79p = one 50p, one 20p, one 5p, and two 2p

f. 34p = one 20p, one 10p, and two 2p

3. a. 40p b. 26p

Pounds, p. 23

1. a. £1.20 b. £5.06 c. £5.35 d. £2.26 e. £1.45 f. £5.26 g. £2.21 h. £3.06

2. b. £7.11 c. £2.37 d. £ 2.50 e. £7.73 f. £9.61

3. a. £0.30 b. £0.02 c. £0.07 d. £0.50 e. £0.10 f. £0.21

4. Answers may vary; revise the student’s work.

a. £1.32 = one £1, one 20p, one 10p, and one 2p

b. £2.06 = one £2, one 5p, and one 1p

c. £0.28 = one 20p, one 5p, one 2p, and one 1p

d. £3.80 = one £2, one £1, one 50p, one 20p, and one 10p

e. £0.08 = one 5p, one 2p, and one 1p

f. £2.54 = one £2, one 50p, and two 2p

g. £7.04 = one £5 note, one £2, and two 2p

h. £5.92 = one £5 note, one 50p, two 20p, and one 2p

i. £6.80 = one £5 note, one £1, one 50p, one 20p, and one 10p

j. £4.67 = two £2, one 50, one 10p, one 5p, and one 2p

1. a. 150p or £1.50 b. 110p or £1.10

c. 160p or £1.60 d. 190p or £1.90

e. 152p or £1.52 f. 225p or £2.25

g. 115p or £1.15 h. 126p or £1.26

i. 192p or £1.92 j. 154p or £1.54

2. a. £0.81 b. £0.76 c. £2.35 d. £1.95

3. Answers may vary; revise the student’s work.

a. 170p = three 50p, and one 20p

b. 242p = four 50p, two 20p, and one 2p

c. 312p = six 50p, one 10p, and one 2p

d. 459p = nine 50p, one 5p, and two 2p

4.

b. £2.08 = 208p f. £2.00 = 200p

c. £8.12 = 812p g. £6.39 = 639p

d. £6.00 = 600p h. £0.06 = 6p

1. a. £0.85 b. £1.50 c. £4.81

2. a. £1.17 b. £1.20

3. a. £3.02 b. £3.80 c. £4.77 d. £3.26

4. a. Total cost: £4.95 Change: 5p b. Total cost: £2.10 Change: 90p

Pounds, Part 2 p. 30

1. a. £1.15 b. £5.16 c. £10.35 d. £6.21 e. £8.41 f. £13.26

2. a. £2.22 b. £5.12 c. £5.33 d. £1.90

3. a. £0.35 b. £0.08 c. £0.50

4. a. £0.56 b. £0.06 c. £4.25 d. £2.09 e. 79p f. 306p

5. a. £0.77 b. £5.25 c. £3.35 d. £6.63

6. a. £3.94 b. £1.79 c. £5.62

7. a. £1.29 b. £0.29 c. £0.83

8. a. £0.93 b. £0.83 c. £0.01

Counting Change, p. 33

1. a. £0.78 plus one 2p, and one 20p = £1

b. £0.65 plus one 5p, one 20p, and one 10p = £1

c. £0.47 plus one 2p, one 1p, and one 50p = £1

d. £0.52 plus one 2p, one 1p, one 5p, and two 20p = £1

2. Answers may vary, revise the student’s work.

a. £1.15 plus one 5p, and four 20p = £2

b. £2.30 plus one 20p = £2.50

c. £1.78 plus one 2p, and one 20p = £2

d. £2.32 plus four 2p, one 10p, and one 50p = £3

3. a. £0.06 b. £0.12 c. £0.03 d. £0.20 e. £0.75 f. £0.15

1. a. £0.24 b. £60.00 c. £2.65 d. £5.82 e. £1.76

2. a. £1.45 b. £1.40 c. £5.30 d. £2.01 e. £1.75 f. £5.85

3. a. £3.00 b. £16.00 c. £4.50 d. £7.60 e. £2.40

f. £3.70 g. £1.20 h. £0.60 i. £2.80

4. a. No, the correct change is £2.14. She received 30p too much.

b. No, the correct change is £2.24. His change was 4p short.

5. a. 44 b. 81 c. 28 d. 56 e. 66

6. a. 46p, 24p, 73p b. 62p, 87p, 14p c. 67p, 61p, 63p

7. b. Change: £2.12. Use one £2, one 10p, and one 2p.

c. Change: £2.24. Use one £2, one 20p, and two 2p.

d. Change: £1.05. Use one £1, and one 5p.

e. Change: £0.74. Use one 50p, one 20p, and two 2p.

f. Change: £3.72. Use one £2, one £1, one 50p, one 20p, and one 2p.

Mental Maths and Money Problems, p. 39

1. a. £4.10 b. £2.00 c. £2.30 d. £2.75 e. £38.10 f. £22.30

g. £2.40 h. £1.05 i. £5.00 j. £3.30 k. £38.70 l. £3.65

2. a. £0.70, £0.50, £0.30 b. £0.70, £0.80, £0.40 c. £0.90, £0.95, £0.85

3. a. £3.20 b. £0.74 c. £2.81 d. £4.18

4. a. £0.55 b. £2.60 c. £0.35 d. £0.64 e. £0.22 f. £3.66 g. £0.21 h. £0.17

5. a. £2.90; £0.10 b. £3.45; £1.55 c. Yes, I can, and my change is 20p. d. No, I cannot; I need 60p more.

1. a. £6.93 b. £35.44 c. £16.90 d. £35.55 e. £107.08

2. a. £67.44 b. £22.96 c. £10.80

4. a. £3.11 b. £6.45 c. £12.71 d. £3.56 e. £15.44

5. a. £6.20 b. £7.26 c. Yes d. £10.23 total, so he needs £4.73 more.

e. Ernest can buy 2 calculators, and his change will be £3.04.

6. a. £17.94 b. £32.06 c. I still need to save £7.95.

d. Melissa pays £7.70 in total, and her change is £2.30.

e. The total amount is £9.73, and his change is £10.27.

f. Yes, she can, and her change is £1.50.

Revision, p. 46

1. a. £5.40 b. £5.64

2. a. £0.07 b. £1.73 c. £1.34

3. a. Maria still needs to save £19.95. b. The total amount is £6.70, and his change is £3.30.

4. a. The total amount is £3.55. b. My change is £1.45.

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