Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 54

Years

2-4
British Money

Topics Include:
Counting coins
Pounds and pence
Counting bills
Making change
Adding money amounts
Money problems
by Maria Miller
www.k5learning.com
British Money
Years 2 - 4 Workbook

AUTHOR: Maria Miller

Distributed by K5 Learning

Copyright 2017 Maria Miller

EDITION 3/2017

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means,
electronic or mechanical, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in
writing from the author.

Copying permission: Permission IS granted to reproduce this material to be used with one (1) teacher's
students by virtue of the purchase of this book. In other words, one (1) teacher MAY make copies of
these worksheets to be used with his/her students. Permission is not given to reproduce the material for
resale. Making the file(s) available on any website for the purpose of sharing is strictly prohibited. If you
have other needs, such as licensing for a school or tutoring center, contact the author at
http://www.MathMammoth.com/contact.php

____________________________________________

Please visit store.k5learning.com for more e-books recommended by K5 Learning.


Welcome to Math Mammoth’s Blue Series
K5 Learning is proud to offer its customers Math Mammoth’s Blue Series of math workbooks for
grades 1-7.

We believe the Blue Series is ideal for independent or parent-guided study. Conceptual
understanding of math concepts is emphasised with simple but rigorous explanations and visual
models. Each topic begins with a bite-sized introduction and an example, followed by practice
exercises including word problems.

The Blue Series has 46 workbooks in the following subject areas:

Addition & subtraction Time Ratios and proportions


Place value Money Integers
Multiplication & division Geometry Percents
Fractions Measurement Statistics & probability
Decimals Data & graphs Expressions & equations
Percents Linear equations Rational numbers

The Blue Series workbooks can be purchased from K5’s online bookstore store.k5learning.com.

About the Author

Maria Miller is a math teacher turned housewife and homeschooler. She has a master’s degree
in mathematics with minors in physics and statistics and has been developing math educational
materials since the early 2000s. Maria is the founder of the MathMammoth website.

About K5 Learning

K5 Learning offers an online reading and math program for children in kindergarten through
grade 5 at www.k5learning.com. Our aim is to help parents help their kids develop their
reading, math and study skills. A 14 day free trial is available.

Questions & Feedback


If you have any questions or feedback for us, please contact us at customer-
service@k5learning.com.

© Maria Miller k5learning.com


Contents
Introduction ......................................................................... 4

Money Games on the Internet ........................................... 5


Counting 1p, 2p, and 5p Coins .......................................... 7
10p, 20p, and 50p Coins ..................................................... 9
Practising with Coins ......................................................... 12
Practising Shopping ........................................................... 14
Change ................................................................................. 16
Counting Coins Revision ................................................... 19
Revision - Coins ................................................................. 22
Pounds ................................................................................. 23
Pence and Pound Amounts ................................................ 26
Adding Money Amounts ................................................... 28
Pounds, Part 2 ................................................................... 30
Counting Change ............................................................... 33
Working Out the Change ................................................... 35
Mental Maths and Money Problems ................................ 39
Solving Money Problems .................................................. 42

Revision ............................................................................. 46

Answers .............................................................................. 47

© Maria Miller 3 k5learning.com


Introduction
Math Mammoth British Money is a worktext that covers money-related topics usually
encountered during years 2-4. The book contains both textbook explanations and exercises,
and is designed to be very easy to teach from, requiring very little teacher preparation
(before the lessons, you do need to find coins to practise with).

The book starts with year-2 topics, such as counting coins with pence-amounts and easy
problems about change. These lessons use “p” as a symbol for pence. While these initial
lessons use pictures for the coins, practising with real coins is even better, and you should
have real money on hand to practise with.

From there, the lessons advance toward year 3, and finally to year-4 topics, such as
practising with pound amounts, and working out total amounts and change. Therefore, you
can also let your child work the pages of this book in different time periods, and not go
through it all at once, depending on your child's current level.

Working out the Change explains two basic ways of working out the change: counting up,
and subtracting (finding the difference). This is all done with mental maths. The next lesson
also practises money problems using mental maths.

In the last lesson we solve money problems by adding and subtracting money amounts
vertically (in columns).

I wish you success teaching maths!


Maria Miller

© Maria Miller 4 k5learning.com


British Money Resources on the Internet
Use these games and resources to supplement the bookwork as you see fit.

Counting coins worksheets


Create free worksheets for counting all British coins and some banknotes. You can choose the number of
coins, the maximum total amount, and the number of problems.
http://www.homeschoolmath.net/worksheets/british-money.php

Money worksheet maker


Select your options, and then generate the worksheet for counting how much money is shown. You can
include notes, coins, or both.
http://www.theteacherscorner.net/printable-worksheets/make-your-own/money-worksheets/

Teaching Money
Lots of different online games: convert between pounds and pence, count up the total of the coins,
shopping game, making change game, and more. The first items on the page are whiteboard resources,
and the games are a further down on the page. Also includes worksheet generators for some fun-type
worksheets.
http://www.teachingmoney.co.uk/

Change Maker
The computer gives you the amount of sale and the amount paid, and you choose how much of each coin
you need to give the change.
http://www.funbrain.com/cgi-bin/cr.cgi?A1=s&A14=medium&country[uk].x=32&country[uk].y=29

Change eXchanger
Click the green button that says “new”. An item comes down the conveyer belt. Click the scanner device
once and move it near the item to find out its price. Click the scanner to put it down, and the customer's
money “rolls in”. Lastly, click the coins that need to be given as change.
http://www.ictgames.com/change_eXchanger_50p.html

Money Splat
Two hands are shown with different kinds of coins in each. You splat the hand by the coins that add up to
10p.
http://www.ictgames.com/moneysplat.html

Price Challenge
Click the correct coins to pay the price shown on the price tag.
http://www.ictgames.com/moneypayer50p.html

The Change Game


Check the price and put the change into the customer's hand. Three levels.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/skillswise/numbers/measuring/money/flash1.shtml

© Maria Miller 5 k5learning.com


Number Jumbler
A number machine that lets you play several different games. The ones that are money-related are
Rounding to the nearest 10p, and Win the money (you add up the coins).
http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/starship/maths/numberjumbler.shtml

Money Master
Choose your money, then the puzzle type. You either make money amounts or give change by dragging
coins to the workspace.
http://www.mathsisfun.com/money/money-master.html

Igloo Shopping
Choose the right coins to pay for the items in the igloo shop.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/ks1bitesize/numeracy/money/fs.shtml

Money and Money Word Problems


Printable worksheets in PDF, Doc, or Excel format.
http://www.primaryresources.co.uk/maths/mathsD2.htm

Games for British Money


A list of dozens of interactive resources and games for British money, such as Piggy Bank, Money Maze,
Let's Go Shopping, Sweet Shop, and many more.
http://www.everyschool.co.uk/maths-key-stage-1-money.html

© Maria Miller 6 k5learning.com


Counting 1p, 2p, and 5p Coins

This coin is This coin This coin


one 1 penny is 2 pence is 5 pence
or 1p. or 2p. or 5p.

In the exercises we use small pictures of these coins. The 1p and


2p coins are bronze. The 1p is bigger than the 5p coin.
The 5p coin is silver, and the 2p coin is the largest.

To find the total value, add


the pence. It's called
counting up. Start counting
with the coins of the largest
value.
Count
up → 5p 10p 12p 13p 14p 15p The total on the right is 15p.

1. Count and write the total amount in pence.

a. b. c.

d. e. f.

g. h. i.

© Maria Miller 7 k5learning.com


You can count
each set of two
fives as a ten.
10p 20p 21p 22p 23p

2. Count and write the total amount in pence; especially notice all of the fives.

a. b.

c. d.

Many ways to make the same amount!


Each collection below shows 7p, but uses different coins.

= 7p = 7p
= 7p

If the pence amount ends in 5, 6, 7, 8, or 9, it is good to use the 5p coin.

3. Make these amounts of money in different ways. Use 5p, 2p and 1p coins. You can use real
money or draw silver circles with 5, and red circles with 2 or 1 on them.

a. 8p b. 6p c. 11p

© Maria Miller 8 k5learning.com


10p, 20p, and 50p Coins

This coin This coin This coin


is worth is worth is worth
10p. 20p. 50p.

These coins are all silver coloured. Notice the design and read the pence value on each one.

Count
up→ 50p 70p 80p 85p 87p 88p 89p

Count up to find the total value of the coins. Start counting with the coins that have the largest
value. This is 89p.

1. Work out the coin value in pence.

a. b.

c. d.

e. f.

g. h.

© Maria Miller 9 k5learning.com


You can count
each set of two
30p 40p 50p 55p 56p 57p fives as a ten.

2. Count the coins. Write the total amount. Count two fives as a ten.

a. b.

c. d.

e. f.

3. Make these money amounts in three different ways. Either use real money or draw red
circles with “2p” and with “1p”, and silver circles with “5p”, “10p” and “20p”.

a. 22p - one way d. 35p - one way

b. 22p - another way e. 35p - another way

c. 22p - another way f. 35p - another way

© Maria Miller 10 k5learning.com


If the amount in pence ends in 5, 6, 7, 8, or 9, it is
good to use the 5p coin, and not lots of 1p and 2p. = 17p
Similarly, when the pence amount is more than 20p,
it is good to use the 20p coin. It is not wrong = 31p
to use lots of 10p, but using 20p is more efficient.

4. Make these money amounts. Try to use the least amount of coins possible. Think!

a. 22p b. 35p

c. 13p d. 34p

e. 56p f. 46p

g. 62p h. 78p

i. 27p j. 94p

© Maria Miller 11 k5learning.com


Practising with Coins
1. Write the total amount in pence.

a. b.

c. d.

e. f.

2. First draw a 5p coin more. How much money is there now?

a. b.

c. d.

e. f.

3. First draw a 10p coin more. How much money is there now?

a. b.

c. d.

© Maria Miller 12 k5learning.com


4. Make these money amounts. Use either real money, or draw circles with numbers for the
various coins.

a. 25p b. 39p c. 14p

d. 38p e. 63p f. 56p

g. 81p h. 45p i. 27p

5. You have some money, and you get some more. Use real money or draw pictures to help.
a. b. c.

10p + 10p = 21p + 5p = 40p + 20p =

11p + 10p = 24p + 5p = 53p + 10p =

13p + 10p = 25p + 5p = 55p + 5p =

15p + 10p = 20p + 5p = 56p + 20p =

16p + 10p = 27p + 5p = 58p + 30p =

© Maria Miller 13 k5learning.com


Practising Shopping
1. Make these amounts of money. You can use real money, or draw the coins.

a. 47p b. 32p c. 88p

2. You have:
Draw the coins you would use to pay for an item that costs:

a. 29p b. 46p c. 62p

d. 48p e. 86p f. 91p

3. Write the total amount in pence, if you have:


a. two 20p coins and three 5p coins b. four 10p coins and four 5p coins

c. a 20p coin, five 10p coins d. three 20p coins, three 5p coins,
and six 2p coins and three 2p coins

© Maria Miller 14 k5learning.com


4. Cross out the coins you need to buy the item. Write how many pence you have left.

a. 39p b. 88p c. 54p

Left _________ p Left _________ p Left _________ p

d. 61p e. 97p f. 81p

Left _________ p Left _________ p Left _________ p

g. 73p h. 45p i. 26p

Left _________ p Left _________ p Left _________ p

© Maria Miller 15 k5learning.com


Change
When you buy something in a shop, you might not have the exact amount of money to pay for
it. Instead, you give the shop clerk more money than what the item costs. The shop clerk then
gives you some money back. This is called your change.
A pen costs 55p. You don't have the coins to make exactly 55p, so you give the cashier 60p.
That is 5p too much! But then the cashier gives you back 5p, which is your change.

You gave: Your change:

Price: 55p
60p 5p

The cashier gives you back the difference between the price and what you paid.

In the problems below, work out the change you get back. Think of the DIFFERENCE between
the price and what you pay; or, think how many pence you paid “too much”. That is your change.
You can set up a “play shop” to do these problems, using real money, one person as a
shopkeeper, and one person as a customer.

1. Write how many pence you give, and how many pence you get back in change.

a. You gave: Your change: b. You gave: Your change:

Price: 15p Price: 30p

c. You gave: Your change:


d. You gave: Your change:

Price: 17p
Price: 35p

© Maria Miller 16 k5learning.com


e. You gave: Your change: f. You gave: Your change:

Price: 22p _______ p _______ p Price: 11p _______ p _______ p

g. You gave: Your change: h. You gave: Your change:

Price: 50p _______ p _______ p Price: 70p _______ p _______ p

2. Write how many pence is your change.

a. You bought a
drink for 55p. You gave: Change:

b. You bought
raisins for 33p. You gave: Change:

c. You bought a
toy for 46p. Change:
You gave:

d. You bought a
book for 88p. Change:
You gave:

e. You bought a
basket for 75p. Change:
You gave:

You gave:
f. You bought
crayons for 63p. Change:

© Maria Miller 17 k5learning.com


3. Practise some more! Work out the change.

a. Paper costs 70p. b. A banana costs 41p. c. A book costs 84p.


You give 80p. You give 50p. You give 90p.

Change: Change: Change:

d. A toy costs 20p. e. A drink costs 70p. f. A towel costs 62p.


You give 50p. You give 80p. You give 75p.

Change: Change: Change:

4. Now you buy many items. First add their prices to find the total. Then work out the change.
Draw the coins that could be your change.

a. A magazine costs 25p. You bought three of them. You gave 80p.
Total cost: 75p

Change: 5p

b. A toy costs 15p and another toy 20p. You give 50p.

Total cost:

Change:

c. A lollipop costs 8p. You buy two of them. You give 20p.

Total cost:

Change:

d. A pencil costs 5p. You buy three of them. You give 20p.

Total cost:

Change:

e. A rubber costs 35p and a pencil 10p. You give 50p.

Total cost:

Change:

© Maria Miller 18 k5learning.com


Counting Coins Revision

50p 20p 10p 5p 2p 1p

Count each
two fives
Count
up → 20p 25p 26p 27p 10p 20p 21p as a ten.

= £1

20p 30p 40p 45p 46p


100p

1. How much money is there? Write down the amount in pence.

a. b.

c.
d.

e. f.

g. h.

© Maria Miller 19 k5learning.com


2. How much is the total if you have:

a. 20p and three 10p coins b. three 20p and a 10p coin

c. four 5p and four 10p coins d. a 20p coin, a 10p coin,


and three 2p coins

e. four 2p coins, one 1p coin f. three 20p coins, two


and eight 10p coins 10p coins and a 1p coin

3. Cross out the coins you need to buy the item. Write how many pence you have left.

a. 17p b. 92p c. 33p

Left _______p Left _______p Left _________p

d. 58p e. 64p f. 95p

Left __________p Left __________p Left __________p

© Maria Miller 20 k5learning.com


Often you have several ways to make a given amount. For example, to make 54p,
you can use two 20p, one 10p and two 2p coins. Or, you may use a 50p coin and
four 1p coins. Are there any other ways to do it?

4. Work out two ways to make these amounts. Use real money, or draw coins to illustrate.

a. 26p 26p b. 37p 37p

c. 43p 43p d. 53p 53p

e. 61p 61p f. 88p 88p

5. One pound is 100p. The symbol for pound is “£”. How much more is needed to make £1?
a. b. c.

92p + ______ = £1 70p + ______ = £1 40p + ______ = £1

80p + ______ = £1 74p + ______ = £1 33p + ______ = £1

79p + ______ = £1 64p + ______ = £1 45p + ______ = £1

50p + ______ = £1 58p + ______ = £1 31p + ______ = £1

© Maria Miller 21 k5learning.com


Revision - Coins
1. How much money? Write the amount in pence.

a. b. c.

d. e. f.

2. Draw coins to illustrate these amounts of money.

a. 52p b. 27p c. 76p

d. 85p e. 79p f. 34p

3. William and Mary each bought something. How much money do they have left?

a. William had: William bought b. Mary had: Mary bought an


a comb for 29p. apple for 62p.
How much is left? How much is left?

© Maria Miller 22 k5learning.com


Pounds

This is one pound. It This is two


is equal to 100p. pounds. It is
equal to 200p.
£1 or £5 or £5.00
£1.00 £2 or £2.00 This is a £5 note.
It equals 500p.
Use the “£” symbol in front of pound amounts. The whole pounds and the pence are separated by a
decimal point.

= £1.20 (one pound and 20p) = £7.21 (seven pounds and 21p)

1. How much money? Write the amount.

a. b.

c. d.

e. f.

g. h.

© Maria Miller 23 k5learning.com


2. Write the pound amount.

a. b.

c. d.

e. f.

If you don't have any pounds, put a zero in the whole pounds' place.
Notice also how 1p is written £0.01 so that the penny is written as “.01”.

£0.30 £0.01 £0.06

3. Write the pence amounts using the pound symbol and a decimal point. Remember the zero.

a. b. c.

d. e. f.

© Maria Miller 24 k5learning.com


4. Draw coins and notes for these amounts. Or, use real money.

a. £1.32 b. £2.06

c. £0.28 d. £3.80

e. £0.08 f. £2.54

g. £7.04 h. £5.92

i. £6.80 j. £4.67

© Maria Miller 25 k5learning.com


Pence and Pound Amounts
Sometimes you have more than 100 pence from the smaller coins.
Each 100p makes a whole pound.

120p or £1.20 255p or £2.55 311p or £3.11

1. Write the total as pence amounts and as pound amounts.

a. b.

c. d.

e. f.

g. h.

i. j.

© Maria Miller 26 k5learning.com


2. Write the amount in pounds.

a. b.

c. d.

3. Make these amounts using only 50p and smaller coins.

a. 170p b. 242p

c. 312p d. 459p

4. Change pence amounts into pound amounts and vice versa.

a. £0.98 = __________ p e. £__________ = 87p

b. £2.08 = __________ p f. £__________ = 200p

c. £8.12 = __________ p g. £__________ = 639p

d. £ 6.00 = __________ p h. £__________ = 6p

© Maria Miller 27 k5learning.com


Adding Money Amounts
Align the decimal points! Align the decimal points!
You can add money amounts in columns. ↓ 1
Make sure the decimal points are aligned. £1 . 7 8 £0 . 5 8
Then add. The decimal point for the answer + 2.2 0 + 2.2 6
is in the same place. £3 . 9 8 £2 . 8 4
You carry the same way as if ↑ ↑
there were no decimal points. Add a decimal point Add a decimal point
to the answer to the answer

1 1
1 1
£0 . 4 7
£0.34
£0 . 3 4 £0.47 £0.47 0.4 7
+ 0.6 9 + 0.3 4
£1.0 3 £1.2 8
£0.69 £0.34
Total cost £1.03. Total cost £1.28.

1. Add in columns.
a. £0.29 + £ 0.56 b. £1.41 + £0.09 c. £0.77 + £2.24 + £1.80

£ . £ . £ .
+ . + . .
£ . £ . + .
£ .

2. Work out the total cost of the items listed.

£0.65 a. a pair of scissors b. two rubbers and a pen


and a pen

£0.34

£0.52

© Maria Miller 28 k5learning.com


Cafeteria Menu

£0.88 £2.20 £2.75 £1.05 £0.62


£1.52

3. Work out the total cost in each case.

a. Mark bought a sandwich, b. Judy bought a coffee


an apple, and a bottle and a slice of pizza.
of water.

c. Edward bought soup, a d. Alaina bought three apples


sandwich, and a coffee. and a bottle of water.

4. Work out the total cost, and then the change. You can use real money or draw pictures to help.

a. Mum bought soup and pizza.


She paid with £5.

b. Jack bought two cups of coffee


and paid with £3.

© Maria Miller 29 k5learning.com


Pounds, Part 2
One pound. Two pounds.

£1 or £1.00 £2 or £2.00 Five pounds: £5 or £ 5.00. Ten pounds: £10 or £10.00.

Write the “£” symbol in


front of pound amounts.

First write the pounds,


then a decimal point,
and then the pence. £50.50 £2.05

1. How much money is there? Write the amount in pounds.

a. b.

c. d.

e. f.

© Maria Miller 30 k5learning.com


One hundred pence
(100p) makes £1 100 p = £1
(one pound).

= Total £3.25

2. How much money? Write the amount.

a. b.

c. d.

40p = £0.40
Remember to put 0 in the pounds' place if there is
less than 100p. If there is less than 10p, 82p = £0.82
we also need a zero in the 10p place.
9p = £0.09

3. Write the amounts as pounds.

a. b. c.

4. Write the pence amounts as pound amounts, and vice versa.

a. 56p = c. 425p = e. £0.79

f. = £3.06
b. 6p = d. 209p =

© Maria Miller 31 k5learning.com


5. Add the money amounts. You can add the pence and pounds separately in your head.

a. £0.37 + £0.40 = b. £1.25 + £4.00 =

c. £1.30 + £2.05 = d. £5.43 + £1.20 =

The pictures show how much money you have. Write how much you will have left
if you buy the items listed.

6.
If I buy: I will have left:

a. a puzzle for £5.20 £

b. a book for £7.35 £

c. a pineapple for £3.52 £

7.
If I buy: I will have left:

a. a book for £4.20 and


£
a magazine for £1.50

b. two brushes for £3.35 each £

c. candles for £4.09 and


£
paper cups for £2.07

8.
If I buy: I will have left:

a. a pen (£0.60) and a rubber (£0.50) £

b. three pencils for £0.40 each £

c. a notebook for £1.12 and


£
paper for £0.90

© Maria Miller 32 k5learning.com


Counting Change
When you buy an item, you might not have the exact coins and notes for the amount it costs.
However, you can pay with a larger note, and get back some change.
To give change, or to check the change you are given, count up from the price of the item
until you reach the amount the customer gave.

The change is
£0.34 Count up these coins.
from The change is
The customer gave £1 the price → £0.35 £0.40 £0.60 £0.80 £1.00 66p.

The change is
Count up these coins.
£0.69 from The change is
The customer gave £1 the price → £0.70 £0.80 £0.90 £1.00 31p.

1. Draw the coins to use for the change.

a. £0.78
Change: __________
Customer gave £1

b. £0.65
Change: __________
Customer gave £1

c. £0.47
Customer gave £1 Change: __________

d. £0.52
Change: __________
Customer gave £1

© Maria Miller 33 k5learning.com


2. Draw the coins to use for the change.

a. £1.15
The customer gave £2 Change: __________

b. £2.30
The customer gave £2.50 Change: __________

c. £1.78
The customer gave £2 Change: __________

d. £2.32
The customer gave £3 Change: __________

3. Work out the change. You can draw coins or use real money to help.

a. A toy: £1.44 b. A drink: £0.88

The customer gave £1.50 The customer gave £1

£0.__________ £0.__________

c. A coffee: £0.97 d. A pencil set: £1.55

The customer gave £1.00 The customer gave £1.75

£0.__________ £0.__________

e. A book: £3.25 f. A postcard: £0.35

The customer gave £4 The customer gave £0.50

£0.__________ £0.__________

© Maria Miller 34 k5learning.com


Working Out the Change
1. To give change, or to check the change that is given, count up from the price of the item
until you reach the amount the customer gave. First count up to the next whole pound,
using the coins with pence-amounts. Then use the whole-pound coins and notes.

a.
Price: £0.76
The change is
The customer Count
£0.80 £1.00 £0._________
gave £1. up →

b.
Price: £490
The change is
The customer Count
gave £100. up → £50.00 £100.00 £_________

c.
Price: £2.35
The change is
The customer Count
gave £5. up → £_________

d.
Price: £4.18
The change is
The customer Count
gave £10. up → £_________

e.
Price: £8.24
The change is
The customer Count
gave £10. up → £_________

© Maria Miller 35 k5learning.com


2.Work out the change. You can draw coins or use real money to help.

a.
Price: £3.55
The change is
The customer
gave £5. £_________

b.
Price: £8.60
The change is
The customer
gave £10. £_________

c.
Price: £4.70
The change is
The customer
gave £10. £_________

d.
Price: £7.99
The change is
The customer
gave £10. £_________

e.
Price: £3.25
The change is
The customer
gave £5. £_________

f.
Price: £4.15
The change is
The customer
gave £10. £_________

© Maria Miller 36 k5learning.com


Working out the change is finding the difference.
Example:
You can also work out the change by subtracting the
item price from the money amount the customer A book cost £6. You gave £10.
gives.
Your change:
You are just finding the difference between the price £10 − £6 = £4.
and the money given.

You can add up to work out the change. A toy cost £3.30. You gave £10.
Another method is to first add up to the next whole First find how many pence
pound to find the pence. Then find the pound-amount there are to the next
by subtracting. whole pound: £3.30 + £0.70 = £4.
Again, you are finding the difference between the Then find the difference between
price and the money given, but you are finding that in £4 and £10, which is £6.
two parts.
The total change is £6.70.

3. Work out the change.

a. A book cost £7. b. A basket cost £4. c. A train cost £5.50.


You gave £10. You gave £20. You gave £10.

Change: £________ Change: £________ Change: £________

d. A magazine cost £2.40. e. A meal cost £7.60. f. A drink cost £1.30.


You gave £10. You gave £10. You gave £5.

Change: £________ Change: £________ Change: £________

g. Crayons cost £3.80. h. Staples cost £1.40. i. Paper cost £7.20.


You gave £5. You gave £2. You gave £10.

Change: £________ Change: £________ Change: £________

4. Did these people receive the correct change? If not, correct it.

a. Margie bought a few items that cost £7.86. She paid with a £10 note.
She got back £2, two 20p coins, and two 2p coins.

b. Fred bought a toy car for £2.76 and gave £5 for it. The shopkeeper handed
back to him a 20p coin and a £2 coin .

© Maria Miller 37 k5learning.com


Here is a little trick for finding two 2-digit numbers that add up to 100:

The ones add up to 10.


The tens add up to 9...
...plus there is one ten
that is “carried” from the ones —
the total is ten, tens or a hundred.

5. Try it yourself! Find a two-digit number so the sum is 100.


a. b. c. d. e.
56 19 72 44 34
+ + + + +
100 100 100 100 100

6. Fill in the missing amount in pence. You can use the “trick” explained above.

a. £0.54 + £_______ = £1 b. £0.38 + £_______ = £1 c. £0.33 + £______ = £1

£0.76 + £_______ = £1 £1.13 + £_______ = £2 £4.39 + £______ = £5

£0.27 + £_______ = £1 £3.86 + £_______ = £4 £9.37 + £_____ = £10

7. Work out the change. Find what coins and notes could be used to give the change.

a. A book cost £3.55. You gave £5. b. Pencils cost £2.88. You gave £5.

Change: £1.45. Use a 5p coin,


two 20p coins, and £1 coin.

c. A shirt cost £7.76. You gave £10. d. Sunglasses cost £8.95. You gave £10.

e. A sandwich cost £4.26. You gave £5. f. Flowers cost £6.28. You gave £10.

© Maria Miller 38 k5learning.com


Mental Maths and Money Problems
You can also add money £1.20 + £ 1.50 £0.14 + £1.20
amounts in your mind.
Add the pounds and the = £2.70 = £1.34
pence separately.

If you have 100p, then those £0.70 + £0.70 £0.99 + £0.06


make a pound. = 140p = £1.40 = 105p = £1.05

1. Work out the total cost of buying the things listed. Try to add them in your head.

£3.10
£1.50 £0.50
£1.00 £0.80

£1.90 £0.55
£2.20 £20
£35

a. scissors and pencils b. pen and glue c. crayons, glue,


and pencils

d. a rubber and calculator e. microscope and scissors f. book bag, pen,


and crayons

g. stapler and glue h. glue and a rubber i. scissors and stapler

j. pen, pencils, k. calculator, pen, l. scissors and a rubber


and crayons and microscope

© Maria Miller 39 k5learning.com


2. Add up to the next whole pound.

a. b. c.

£0.30 + _______ = £1.00 £3.30 + _______ = £4.00 £1.10 + _______ = £2.00

£0.50 + _______ = £1.00 £2.20 + _______ = £3.00 £1.05 + _______ = £2.00

£0.70 + _______ = £ 1.00 £5.60 + _______ = £6.00 £1.15 + _______ = £2.00

Add up to work out the change Price: £1.20. The customer gave £5.

To work out the change, find the difference £1.20 £2.00 £5.00
between the price and the money given.
difference → £0.80 £3
Start from the price and add till you
reach the amount the the customer gave. Change: £3.80

First add up to the next whole 10p. Price: £3.37. The customer gave £5.

Then add up to the next whole pound £3.37 £3.40 £ 4.00 £5.00
(if need be).
difference → £0.03 £0.60 £1
Then, add all the differences
to work out the total change. Change: £1.63

3. Work out the total change.

a. Price: £1.80. The customer gave £5. b. Price: £3.26. The customer gave £4.

£1.80 £2.00 £5.00 £3.26 £3.30 £4.00

Change: £_________ Change: £_________

c. Price: £2.19. The customer gave £5. d. Price: £0.82. The customer gave £5.

£2.19 £2.20 £3.00 £5.00 £0.82 £0.90 £1.00 £5.00

Change: £_________ Change: £_________

© Maria Miller 40 k5learning.com


4. Work out the change.

a. Price: £0.45. The customer gave £1. b. Price: £2.40. The customer gave £5.
Change: £_________ Change: £_________

c. Price: £3.15. The customer gave £3.50. d. Price: £4.36. The customer gave £5.
Change: £_________ Change: £_________

e. Price: £0.28. The customer gave £0.50. f. Price: £1.34. The customer gave £5.
Change: £_________ Change: £_________

g. Price: £2.29. The customer gave £2.50. h. Price: £3.58. The customer gave £3.75.
Change: £_________ Change: £_________

5. Solve the word problems.

a. Mary paid £2.20 for ice cream and


£0.70 for water. Find the total amount
she paid and her change from £3.

b. John bought three slices of pizza for


£1.15 each. Find the total amount
and his change from £5.

c. If you have £3, can you buy two boxes


of crayons for £1.40 each?
If not, how much more do you need?
If yes, work out your change if you buy them.

d. If you have £5, can you buy a calculator,


a stapler, and a pen (see problem 1)?
If not, work out how much more you would need.
If yes, work out your change if you buy them.

© Maria Miller 41 k5learning.com


Solving Money Problems
pounds p Add the pound and pence amounts in columns the same way as
1 1 1
any other numbers. You can imagine that the decimal point is
£ 1 4. 0 5 not there while calculating. Just remember to put it in the answer!
2. 1 1
+ 5 4. 9 5
£ 7 1.1 1

1. Add the pound amounts.


a. b. c. £ 2 . 9 9 d. £20.46 e. £12.99
£5.69 5.79 2.79 25.59
£2.24 7.50 1.40 5.62 41.80
+ 4.69 + 22.25 + 6.72 + 6.68 + 26.70

2. Work out the total cost for buying the items listed.

£3.10 £11.45 £55.99


£ 1.50 £14.87 £1.99

a. a skirt and a book bag b. a teddy bear, crayons, c. a pen and three
scissors, and two pens pairs of scissors

© Maria Miller 42 k5learning.com


Subtract or add up to work out the change.
To work out the change, you find the difference between the price and the money given.
To find any difference, you can:
z subtract the price from the money given, or
z add up from the price to the money given.
Subtracting to work out the change often involves borrowing over many zeros.

A ball cost £11.28. A customer paid The price was £5.65. A customer paid
with £20. What was his change? with £20 and got back £14.55.
Was that correct change?
Add up: Subtract: Add the price and the change:
+ £0.72 + £8 9 9
1 1 1
1 10 10 10
£2 0 . 0 0 £ 5.6 5
£11.28 £12.00 £20.00 −1 1 . 2 8 +1 4 . 5 5

£0 8 . 7 2 £2 0 . 2 0
The difference is £8.72.
No, it was 20p too much.

3. Work out the difference by counting up.

a. + + b. + +
£10 – £2.66 £20 – £7.52
= £______ £2.66 £3.00 £10.00 = £______ £7.52 £8.00 £20.00

c. + + d. + +
£20 – £14.47 £50 – £28.33
= £______ _____ _____ _____ = £______ _____ _____ _____

4. Subtract.
a. b. c. d. e.
£5 . 5 0 £1 0 . 9 0 £2 0 . 0 0 £1 0 . 0 0 £5 0 . 0 0
– 2.39 – 4.45 – 7.29 – 6.44 – 34.56

© Maria Miller 43 k5learning.com


5. Solve the problems.

£6.90 £6.75 £3.48 £15.99


£35.90

a. Mark bought two computer mice and b. Judy bought a book and a book bag.
paid with a £20 note. She paid with £30. How many pounds
What was his change? and pence did she receive in change?

c. Mark bought a microscope and paid d. Mark has £5.50 saved, and he wants to
with a £50 note. He received buy a calculator and a book.
£14.10 as change. Was that correct? What is the total cost?

e. How many calculators can Ernest


buy with £10? How much more money does Mark need
to save to buy them?

What will his change be after


the purchase?

© Maria Miller 44 k5learning.com


6. Solve the word problems.

a. Dad bought a meal for £15.55 and b. Dad paid with a £50 note.
tea for £2.39 at a restaurant. What was his change?
What was the total amount?

c. You have saved £15, and you want to buy d. Melissa bought a book for £4.55, a
a toy for £22.95. How much do you still magazine for £2.30, and a pencil for
need to save? £0.85. Find the total amount she paid.

What was her change from £10?

e. John bought two servings of ice cream, Ice cream £2.15


fruit juice, and a sandwich. Fruit juice £1.45
What was the total amount? Fizzy drink £1.56
Sandwich £3.98
Coffee £1.55

What was John's change from £20?

f. Can mum buy a jacket for £14.55 and a blouse for £23.95 with £40?

If yes, what is her change from that?


If no, how much does she still need?

© Maria Miller 45 k5learning.com


Revision
1. How much money? Write the amount.

a. £__________ b. £__________

2. Write as pound amounts.

three 50p, three 5p four 20p, two 2p,


and eight 1p coins and one 50p coin

a. £__________ b. £__________ c. £__________

3. Solve the problems.

a. Maria has saved £23.00, and she wants to b. Arnold bought a sandwich for £2.55,
buy a game for £42.95. How much does soup for £2.30, and juice for £1.85.
she still need to save? Add up the total amount.

What is his change from £10?

4. Solve using mental maths.

a. You bought smiley face stickers for £2.35 and a notebook for £1.20.
What was the total cost?

b. What was your change from £5?

© Maria Miller 46 k5learning.com


Math Mammoth British Money Answer Key
Counting 1p, 2p, and 5p Coins, p. 7
1. a. 9p b. 13p c. 11p d. 15p e. 18p f. 14p g. 29p h. 15p i. 19p
2. a. 23p b. 20p
c. 38p d. 32p
3. There are also other combinations.
a. 8p = one 5p plus one 2p plus one 1p; or one 5p plus three 1p; or four 2p
b. 6p = one 5p plus one 1p; or three 2p
c. 11p = two 5p plus one 1p; or five 2p plus one 1p; or one 5p plus three 2p; or
one 5p, two 2p, and two 1p.

10p, 20p, and 50p Coins, p. 9


1. a. 76p b. 72p c. 37p d. 55p
e. 31p f. 27p g. 91p h. 45p
2. a. 30p b. 22p c. 42p d. 77p e. 51p f. 62p
3. There are other options. Revise the student’s work.
a. 22p = one 20p, and one 2p
b. 22p = two 10p, and one 2p
c. 22p = one 10p, two 5p, and two 1p
d. 35p = one 20p, one 10p, and one 5p
e. 35p = one 20p, two 5p, two 2p, and one 1p
f. 35p = two 10p, one 5p, and five 2p
4. a. 22p = one 20p, and one 2p b. 35p = one 20p, one 10p, and one 5p
c. 13p = one 10p, one 2p, and one 1p d. 34p = one 20p, one 10p, and two 2p
e. 56p = one 50p, one 5p, and one 1p f. 46p = two 20p, one 5p, and one 1p
g. 62p = one 50p, one 10p, and one 2p h. 78p = one 50p, one 20p, one 5p, one 2p, and one 1p
i. 27p = one 20p, one 5p, and one 2p j. 94p = one 50p, two 20p, and two 2p

Practising with Coins, p. 12


1. a. 20p b. 46p c. 88p d. 48p e. 106p f. 92p
2. a. 12p b. 36p c. 51p d. 21p e. 16p f. 67p
3. a. 17p b. 21p c. 45p d. 70p
4. a. 25p = one 20p, and one 5p
b. 39p = one 20p, one 10p, one 5p, and two 2p
c. 14p = one 10p, and two 2p
d. 38p = one 20p, one 10p, one 5p, one 2p, and one 1p
e. 63p = one 50p, one 10p, one 2p, and one 1p
f. 56p = one 50p, one 5p, and one 1p
g. 81p = one 50p, one 20p, one 10p, and one 1p
h. 45p = two 20p, and one 5p
i. 27p = one 20p, one 5p, and one 2p

© Maria Miller 47 k5learning.com


5.
a. b. c.
10p + 10p = 20p 21p + 5p = 26p 40p + 20p = 60p
11p + 10p = 21p 24p + 5p = 29p 53p + 10p = 63p
13p + 10p = 23p 25p + 5p = 30p 55p + 5p = 60p
15p + 10p = 25p 20p + 5p = 25p 56p + 20p = 76p
16p + 10p = 26p 27p + 5p = 32p 58p + 30p = 88p

Practising Shopping, p. 14
1. Please check the student's answers. There are various combinations.
a. 47p = two 20p, one 5p, and one 2p
b. 32p = one 20p, one 10p, and one 2p
c. 88p = one 50p, one 20p, one 10p, one 5p, one 2p, and one 1p
2. Please check the student's answers. There are various combinations.
a. 29p = one 20p, one 5p, and one 2p
b. 46p = two 20p, one 5p, and one 1p
c. 62p = one 50p, one 10p, and one 2p
d. 48p = two 20p, one 5p, one 2p, and one 1p
e. 86p = one 50p, one 20p, one 10p, one 5p, and one 1p
f. 91p = one 50p, two 20p, and one 1p
3. a. 55p b. 60p c. 82p d. 81p
4. a. Paid with one 20p, one 10p, one 5p, one 2p and two 2p. You have 6p left.
b. Paid with three 20p, two 10p, one 5p, one 2p and one 1p. You have 10p left.
c. Paid with one 20p, two 10p, two 5p and four 1p. You have 5p left.
d. Paid with one 50p, one 10p, and one 1p. You have 58p left.
e. Paid with one 50p, two 20p, one 5p, and two 1p. You have 11p left.
f. Paid with 50p, one 20p, one 10p, and one 1p. You have 12p left.
g. Paid with two 20p, three 10p, and three 1p. You have 8p left.
h. Paid with one 20p, two 10p, two 2p, and one 1p. You have 3p left.
i. Paid with one 20p, one 5p and one 1p. You have 35p left.

© Maria Miller 48 k5learning.com


Change, p. 16
1. a. 20p, 5p b. 40p, 10p c. 40p, 5p d. 20p, 3p e. 30p, 8p f. 15p, 4p g. 60p, 10p h. 80p, 10p
2. a. 5p b. 7p c. 4p d. 2p e. 5p f. 2p
3. a. 10p b. 9p c. 6p d. 30p e. 10p f. 13p
4. b. total 35p; change 15p c. total 16p; change 4p
d. total 15p; change 5p e. total 45p; change 5p

Counting Coins Revision, p. 19


1. a. 25p b. 30p c. 50p d. 31p e. 47p f. 46p g. 132p h. 76p
2. a. 50p b. 70p c. 60p d. 36p e. 89p f. 81p
3. a. Paid with one 10p, one 5p and one 2p. You have 27p left.
b. Paid with four 20p, two 5p and one 2p. You have 7p left.
c. Paid with one 20p, one 10p, one 2p and one 1p. You have 21p left.
d. Paid with one 50p, one 5p, one 2p and one 1p. You have 56p left.
e. Paid with one 50p, and one 10p and two 2p. You have 61p left.
f. Paid with one 50p, two 20p and one 5p. You have 26p left.
4. Answers may vary, revise the student’s work.
a. 26p = one 20p, one 5p, and one 1p; or two 10p, and three 2p
b. 37p = one 20p, one 10p, one 5p, and one 2p; or three 10p, three 2p, and one 1p
c. 43p = two 20p, one 2p, and one 1p; or one 20p, two 10p, and three 1p
d. 53p = one 50p, one 2p, and one 1p; or two 20p, one 10p, and three 1p
e. 61p = one 50p, one 10p, and one 1p; or six 10p, and one 1p
f. 88p = one 50p, one 20p, one 10p, one 5p, one 2p, and one 1p; or four 20p, and four 2p
5.

a. b. c.
92p + 8p = £1 70p + 30p = £1 40p + 60p = £1
80p + 20p = £1 74p + 26p = £1 33p + 67p = £1
79p + 21p = £1 64p + 36p = £1 45p + 55p = £1
50p + 50p = £1 58p + 42p = £1 31p + 69p = £1

Revision - Coins, p. 22
1. a. 11p b. 26p c. 50p d. 27p e. 41p f. 72p
2. Revise the student’s work. Answers may vary.
a. 52p = one 50p, and one 2p
b. 27p = one 20p, one 5p, and one 2p
c. 76p = one 50p, one 20p, one 5p, and one 1p
d. 85p = one 50p, one 20p, one 10p, and one 5p
e. 79p = one 50p, one 20p, one 5p, and two 2p
f. 34p = one 20p, one 10p, and two 2p
3. a. 40p b. 26p

© Maria Miller 49 k5learning.com


Pounds, p. 23
1. a. £1.20 b. £5.06 c. £5.35 d. £2.26 e. £1.45 f. £5.26 g. £2.21 h. £3.06
2. b. £7.11 c. £2.37 d. £ 2.50 e. £7.73 f. £9.61
3. a. £0.30 b. £0.02 c. £0.07 d. £0.50 e. £0.10 f. £0.21
4. Answers may vary; revise the student’s work.
a. £1.32 = one £1, one 20p, one 10p, and one 2p
b. £2.06 = one £2, one 5p, and one 1p
c. £0.28 = one 20p, one 5p, one 2p, and one 1p
d. £3.80 = one £2, one £1, one 50p, one 20p, and one 10p
e. £0.08 = one 5p, one 2p, and one 1p
f. £2.54 = one £2, one 50p, and two 2p
g. £7.04 = one £5 note, one £2, and two 2p
h. £5.92 = one £5 note, one 50p, two 20p, and one 2p
i. £6.80 = one £5 note, one £1, one 50p, one 20p, and one 10p
j. £4.67 = two £2, one 50, one 10p, one 5p, and one 2p

Pence and Pound Amounts, p. 26


1. a. 150p or £1.50 b. 110p or £1.10
c. 160p or £1.60 d. 190p or £1.90
e. 152p or £1.52 f. 225p or £2.25
g. 115p or £1.15 h. 126p or £1.26
i. 192p or £1.92 j. 154p or £1.54
2. a. £0.81 b. £0.76 c. £2.35 d. £1.95
3. Answers may vary; revise the student’s work.
a. 170p = three 50p, and one 20p
b. 242p = four 50p, two 20p, and one 2p
c. 312p = six 50p, one 10p, and one 2p
d. 459p = nine 50p, one 5p, and two 2p
4.

a. £0.98 = 98p e. £0.87 = 87p


b. £2.08 = 208p f. £2.00 = 200p
c. £8.12 = 812p g. £6.39 = 639p
d. £6.00 = 600p h. £0.06 = 6p

Adding Money Amounts, p. 28


1. a. £0.85 b. £1.50 c. £4.81
2. a. £1.17 b. £1.20
3. a. £3.02 b. £3.80 c. £4.77 d. £3.26
4. a. Total cost: £4.95 Change: 5p b. Total cost: £2.10 Change: 90p

© Maria Miller 50 k5learning.com


Pounds, Part 2 p. 30
1. a. £1.15 b. £5.16 c. £10.35 d. £6.21 e. £8.41 f. £13.26
2. a. £2.22 b. £5.12 c. £5.33 d. £1.90
3. a. £0.35 b. £0.08 c. £0.50
4. a. £0.56 b. £0.06 c. £4.25 d. £2.09 e. 79p f. 306p
5. a. £0.77 b. £5.25 c. £3.35 d. £6.63
6. a. £3.94 b. £1.79 c. £5.62
7. a. £1.29 b. £0.29 c. £0.83
8. a. £0.93 b. £0.83 c. £0.01

Counting Change, p. 33
1. a. £0.78 plus one 2p, and one 20p = £1
b. £0.65 plus one 5p, one 20p, and one 10p = £1
c. £0.47 plus one 2p, one 1p, and one 50p = £1
d. £0.52 plus one 2p, one 1p, one 5p, and two 20p = £1
2. Answers may vary, revise the student’s work.
a. £1.15 plus one 5p, and four 20p = £2
b. £2.30 plus one 20p = £2.50
c. £1.78 plus one 2p, and one 20p = £2
d. £2.32 plus four 2p, one 10p, and one 50p = £3
3. a. £0.06 b. £0.12 c. £0.03 d. £0.20 e. £0.75 f. £0.15

Working Out the Change, p. 35


1. a. £0.24 b. £60.00 c. £2.65 d. £5.82 e. £1.76
2. a. £1.45 b. £1.40 c. £5.30 d. £2.01 e. £1.75 f. £5.85
3. a. £3.00 b. £16.00 c. £4.50 d. £7.60 e. £2.40
f. £3.70 g. £1.20 h. £0.60 i. £2.80
4. a. No, the correct change is £2.14. She received 30p too much.
b. No, the correct change is £2.24. His change was 4p short.
5. a. 44 b. 81 c. 28 d. 56 e. 66
6. a. 46p, 24p, 73p b. 62p, 87p, 14p c. 67p, 61p, 63p
7. b. Change: £2.12. Use one £2, one 10p, and one 2p.
c. Change: £2.24. Use one £2, one 20p, and two 2p.
d. Change: £1.05. Use one £1, and one 5p.
e. Change: £0.74. Use one 50p, one 20p, and two 2p.
f. Change: £3.72. Use one £2, one £1, one 50p, one 20p, and one 2p.

© Maria Miller 51 k5learning.com


Mental Maths and Money Problems, p. 39
1. a. £4.10 b. £2.00 c. £2.30 d. £2.75 e. £38.10 f. £22.30
g. £2.40 h. £1.05 i. £5.00 j. £3.30 k. £38.70 l. £3.65
2. a. £0.70, £0.50, £0.30 b. £0.70, £0.80, £0.40 c. £0.90, £0.95, £0.85
3. a. £3.20 b. £0.74 c. £2.81 d. £4.18
4. a. £0.55 b. £2.60 c. £0.35 d. £0.64 e. £0.22 f. £3.66 g. £0.21 h. £0.17
5. a. £2.90; £0.10 b. £3.45; £1.55 c. Yes, I can, and my change is 20p. d. No, I cannot; I need 60p more.

Solving Money Problems, p. 42


1. a. £6.93 b. £35.44 c. £16.90 d. £35.55 e. £107.08
2. a. £67.44 b. £22.96 c. £10.80

3. a. £7.34 b. £12.48 c. £5.53 d. £21.67


4. a. £3.11 b. £6.45 c. £12.71 d. £3.56 e. £15.44
5. a. £6.20 b. £7.26 c. Yes d. £10.23 total, so he needs £4.73 more.
e. Ernest can buy 2 calculators, and his change will be £3.04.
6. a. £17.94 b. £32.06 c. I still need to save £7.95.
d. Melissa pays £7.70 in total, and her change is £2.30.
e. The total amount is £9.73, and his change is £10.27.
f. Yes, she can, and her change is £1.50.

Revision, p. 46
1. a. £5.40 b. £5.64
2. a. £0.07 b. £1.73 c. £1.34
3. a. Maria still needs to save £19.95. b. The total amount is £6.70, and his change is £3.30.
4. a. The total amount is £3.55. b. My change is £1.45.

© Maria Miller 52 k5learning.com


More from K5 Learning

Math Workbooks
We carry Math Mammoth’s Blue Series - a comprehensive range of kindergarten to grade 7
math workbooks which K5 recommends to parents, all available for download and printing.

Levelled Readers
Our online bookstore carries a full series of levelled readers from the kindergarten to grade 6
level, available for download and printing.

Visit the store at store.k5learning.com

Free Worksheets
We have thousands of free reading and math worksheets on our site covering various reading
and math topics for K-5.

Online Reading & Math Program


Our online reading and math program has helped thousands of kids improve their reading,
math and study skills. A 14 day free trial is available.

www.k5learning.com

Похожие интересы