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Assignment

in U.C.S.P
Submitted by: Joshua O. Cabauatan
Section: 12-B Wisdom
Submitted to: Dr. Mirasol Buenafe
Aristotle
Was an ancient Greek philosopherand scientist born
in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north
of Classical Greece. Along with Plato, Aristotle is
considered the "Father of Western Philosophy",
which inherited almost its entire lexicon from his
teachings, including problems and methods of
inquiry, so influencing almost all forms of knowledge.
Born: 384 BC
Stagira,
Chalkidiki,
Chalcidian League,
Northern Greece
Died: 322 BC (aged approx. 62)
Euboea, Greece, Macedonian Empire
Era: Ancient philosophy
Region: Western philosophy
School: Peripatetic school Aristotelianism

“Happiness, then, is found to be something


perfect and self-sufficient, being the end to
which our actions are directed.”

Is explaining that the ultimate end or object of human life must


be something that is in itself completely satisfying, an end
pursued for its own sake. And this, he concludes, is happiness.
Auguste Comte

Isidore Marie Auguste François Xavier Comte was a


French philosopher and writer who founded the discipline
of praxeology and the doctrine of positivism. He is
sometimes regarded as the first philosopher of science in
the modern sense of the term.
Born: Isidore Marie Auguste François Xavier Comte
19 January 1798
Montpellier, France
Died: 5 September 1857 (aged 59)
Paris, France
Nationality: French
Alma mater: University of Montpellier École Polytechnique
Spouse(s) Caroline Massin (m. 1825–1842)
Era: 19th-century philosophy
Region: Western philosophy

“Social positivism only accepts duties, for


all and towards all. Its constant social
viewpoint cannot include any notion of
rights, for such notion always rests on
individuality.”

We are born under a load of obligations of every kind, to our


predecessors, to our successors, to our contemporaries. These
obligations then increase or accumulate, for it is some time before we can
return any service. … Any human right is therefore as absurd as immoral.
Since there are no divine rights anymore, this concept must therefore
disappear completely as related only to the preliminary regime and totally
inconsistent with the final state where there are only duties based on
functions.
Harriet Martineau
Was a British social theorist and Whig writer,
often cited as the first female sociologist.
Born: 12 June 1802
Norwich, United Kingdom
Died: 27 June 1876 (aged 74)
Ambleside, United Kingdom
Nationality: British
Notable works: Illustrations of Political Economy (1834)
Society in America (1837)
Deerbrook (1839) The Hour and the Man (1839)
Religion: Childhood: Presbyterian then Unitarian. Adulthood: Unitarian then
agnostic/atheist

“Religion is a temper, not a pursuit.”


She sees the religion as a “mood controlled based”
belief it not a believe of faith.
Herbert Spencer

Herbert Spencer was an English philosopher,


biologist, anthropologist, sociologist, and prominent
classical liberal political theorist of the Victorian era.
Born: 27 April 1820
Derby, Derbyshire, England
Died: 8 December 1903 (aged 83)
Brighton, Sussex, England
Nationality: British
Era: 19th-century philosophy
Region: Western philosophy
School Evolutionism, positivism, classical liberalism

“Progress, therefore, is not an accident, but


a necessity.”

Instead of civilization being artificial, it is part of nature; all of a


piece with the development of the embryo or the unfolding of a
flower. The modifications mankind have undergone, and are still
undergoing, result from a law underlying the whole organic
creation; and provided the human race continues, and the
constitution of things remains the same, those modifications
must end in completeness.
Karl Marx
Karl Marx was a German philosopher, economist,
historian, political theorist, sociologist, journalist and
revolutionary socialist. Born in Trier to a middle-class
family, Marx studied law and Hegelian philosophy.
Born: 5 May 1818 Trier, Kingdom of Prussia
Died:14 March 1883 (aged 64) London, England, UK
Parents: Heinrich Marx (father) Henriette Pressburg (mother)
Alma mater: University of Bonn University of Berlin University of Jena
Era: 19th-century philosophy
Region: Western philosophy School Continental philosophy
Marxism

“The classes and the races, too weak to


master the new conditions of life, must give
way.”
Society is undergoing a silent revolution, which must be
submitted to, and which takes no more notice of the
human existences it breaks down than an earthquake
regards the houses it subverts.
Emile Durkheim
(April 15, 1858 – November 15, 1917) was a French
sociologist whose contributions were instrumental in the
formation of sociology, anthropology and religious
studies. His work and editorship of the first journal of
sociology (L'Année Sociologique) helped establish
sociology within the academy as an accepted social
science. Durkheim lectured and published sociological
studies on subjects such as education, crime, religion,
suicide and other aspects of society. He is often referred
to as "The Father of Sociology".
Born: David Émile Durkheim (April 15, 1858) Épinal, Lorraine, France
Died: November 15, 1917 (aged 59) Paris, Île-de-France, France
Nationality: French
Alma mater: École Normale Supérieure
Known for: Sacred–profane dichotomy Collective consciousness Social fact Social
integration Anomie Collective effervescence Scientific career
Fields: Philosophy, sociology, education, anthropology, religious studies
Institutions: University of Paris, University of Bordeaux

"A restless movement, a planless self-


development, an aim of living which has no
criterion of value and in which happiness
lies always in the future, and never in the
present achievement."

Live for the moment and make the best of it but whatever
you do whilst this present day for you means the best it will
be your basic foundation in the future, as satisfying it
maybe and carefree you could be it is your life's worth and
vision of what you perceive yourself to be.
Max Weber
(21 April 1864 – 14 June 1920) was a German
sociologist, philosopher, jurist, and political
economist whose ideas profoundly influenced social
theory and social research. Weber is often cited, with
Émile Durkheim and Karl Marx, as among the three
founders of sociology.
Born: Maximilian Karl Emil Weber 21 April 1864 Erfurt, Province of Saxony, Prussia
Died: 14 June 1920 (aged 56)
Munich, Bavaria, Germany
Nationality: Prussia (1864–1871)
German Empire (1871–1918)
Weimar Republic (1918–1920)
Alma mater: University of Berlin
University of Heidelberg
Known for: Weberian bureaucracy Disenchantment · Ideal type
Iron cage, and etc.
Fields: Economics sociology, history, law, politics, philosophy.

“The truth is the truth”


It means that the truth is a valid truth and we cannot consider it
as false.
Margaret Mead
(16 December 1901 – 15 November 1978) was an
American cultural anthropologist, who was
frequently a featured writer and speaker in the mass
media throughout the 1960s and 1970s.
Born: December 16, 1901 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Died: November 15, 1978 (aged 76) New York City, New York, USA
Education: Barnard College (B.A.) Columbia University (M.A., Ph.D.)
Occupation: Anthropologist
Spouse(s): 1923–28 Luther Cressman 1928–35 Reo Fortune 1936–50 Gregory
Bateson
Children:Mary C. Bateson (born 1939)
Awards:1970 Kalinga Prize

“As the traveler who has once been from


home is wiser than he who has never left
his own doorstep, so a knowledge of one
other culture should sharpen our ability to
scrutinize more steadily, to appreciate
more lovingly, our own.”

It simply means that the more you are open to learn another
culture it will really help you to love and appreciate our own.
Ruth Benedict

June 5, 1887 – September 17, 1948) was an


American anthropologist and folklorist.
Born: Ruth Fulton June 5, 1887, New York City, New York, U.S.
Died: September 17, 1948 (aged 61), New York City, New York, U.S.
Education: Vassar College (BA), New School of Social Research, Columbia University
(PhD)
Occupation: Anthropologist
Spouse(s): Stanley Rossiter Benedict
Parent(s): Frederick Fulton and Beatrice Fulton

“The purpose of anthropology is to make


the world safe for human differences.”

It means that anthropology gives a barrier of


offensiveness towards human differences for example is
racism.
Vilfredo Pareto
Wilfried Fritz Pareto, 15 July 1848 – 19 August 1923) was
an Italian engineer, sociologist, economist, political
scientist, and philosopher, now also known for the 80/20
rule, named after him as the Pareto principle. He made
several important contributions to economics, particularly
in the study of income distribution and in the analysis of
individuals' choices. He was also responsible for
popularising the use of the term "elite" in social analysis.

Born: 15 July 1848, Paris, France


Died: 19 August 1923 (aged 75), Céligny, Switzerland
Nationality: Italian
Institution: University of Lausanne
Field: Microeconomics, Socioeconomics
School or tradition: Lausanne School
Alma mater: Technical School for Engineers in Turin
Influences: Niccolò Machiavelli, Maffeo Pantaleoni, Auguste Comte,Herbert
Spencer, Leon Walras
Contributions: Pareto index, Pareto chart, Pareto's law, Pareto efficiency
Pareto distribution.

“Whoever becomes a lamb will find a wolf


to eat him.”
Every good person, there will be always an opposite person
who will oppose him.

Seymour Martin Lipset


Seymour Martin Lipset was an American
sociologist. His major work was in the fields of
political sociology, trade union organization,
social stratification, public opinion, and the
sociology of intellectual life.

Born: 18 March 1922, Harlem, New York City, New York, United States
Died: 31 December 2006, Arlington County, Virginia, United States
Awards: Guggenheim Fellowship for Social Sciences, US & Canada
Education: Columbia University (1949), City College of New York (1943)
Nominations: National Book Award for Science, Philosophy, and Religion (Nonfiction)

“Legitimacy involves the capacity of a


political system to engender and maintain
the belief that existing political institutions
are the most appropriate or proper ones
for the society.”
Approval of people in a society is the basic foundation of a
political system in order to sustain and empower its
position and its trueness towards giving true information,
law, and etc.

Kingsley Davis
(August 20, 1908 – February 27, 1997) was an
internationally recognized American
sociologist and demographer. He was
identified by the American Philosophical
Society as one of the most outstanding social
scientists of the twentieth century, and was a
Hoover Institution senior research fellow.

Born: 20 August 1908, Jones County, Texas, United States


Died: 27 February 1997, Stanford, California, United States
Books: Some Principles of Stratification, Human Society, MORE
Education: University of Texas at Austin, Harvard University

“Most discussions of the population crisis


lead logically to zero population growth as
the ultimate goal, because any growth
rate, if continued, will eventually use up
the earth.”
He believes that the most of the people usually just talks
about and brags about nonsense topics that are logically
lead to zero population growth. If we continue this it’ll
just waste the time.
Claude Levi Strauss
28 November 1908, Brussels – 30 October 2009, Paris)
was a French anthropologist and ethnologist whose work
was key in the development of the theory of structuralism
and structural anthropology. He held the chair of Social
Anthropology at the Collège de France between 1959 and
1982 and was elected a member of the Académie
française in 1973. He received numerous honors from
universities and institutions throughout the world and has
been called, alongside James George Frazer and Franz
Boas, the "father of modern anthropology".

Born: 28 November 1908, Brussels, Belgium


Died: 30 October 2009 (aged 100), Paris, France
Alma mater: University of Paris (DrE, 1948)
Spouse(s): Dina Dreyfus (m. 1932) [Rose Marie Ullmo] (m. 1946)
[Monique Roman](m. 1954)
School: Structuralism
Institutions: École pratique des hautes études (later École des hautes études en
sciences sociales) Collège de France
Main interests: Anthropology, Society, Linguistics, Kinship.

"Objects are what matter. Only they carry


the evidence that throughout the centuries
something really happened among human
beings."

Object indicates that we have a history, that there are


something really happened in our.
Marvin Harris
Marvin Harris was an American anthropologist.
He was born in Brooklyn, New York City. A
prolific writer, he was highly influential in the
development of cultural materialism.
Born: 18 August 1927, Brooklyn, New York City, New York, United States
Died: 25 October 2001, Gainesville, Florida, United States
Known for: Contributions to the development of cultural materialism
Spouse: Madelyn Harris (m. ?–2001)
Education: Columbia University

“The commandment 'Thou shalt not kill'


does not say it's O.K. to kill some people
and not others.”

He says that theres a commandment that you shall not kill


but it really doesn’t that you can kill some people and
others.
Plato
Plato was a philosopher in Classical Greece and
the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first
institution of higher learning in the Western
world.
Born: 428/427 or 424/423 BC
Athens, Greece
Died: 348/347 BC (age c. 80), Athens, Greece
Notable work: Apology, Phaedo, Symposium, Republic
Era: Ancient philosophy
Region: Western philosophy
School: Platonism
Main interests: Metaphysics Ethics Politics Epistemology Rhetoric Art Literature
Education Society Friendship Love

“Be kind, for everyone you meet is fighting


a harder battle.”
it means to be aware that other people struggle, not
always visibly, just as you do, and to extend them
some sympathy because of it.