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TWI THE WELDING INSTITUTE

Welding Inspection, Steels


Multi - Choice Question Paper (MFY-007)

1. Chromium molybdenum steels for high temperature service typically have their
carbon content below 0.2% What other element is added to the steel to create a stable
steel at elevated temperatures?
a. Vanadium
b. Selenium
c. Sulphur
d. Nickel

2. Which of the following could be used to prevent intercrystal line corrosion in


Austenitic Stainless steel?
a. Vanadium
b. Selenium
c. Sulphur
d. Niobium

3. Which of the following metals is most easily to be welded?


a. High strength steel
b. Stainless steel
c. Medium carbon steel
d. Mild steel

Multi - Choice Question Paper (MFY-007)


TWI THE WELDING INSTITUTE

4. Hydrogen trapped in the weldment can cause hydrogen cracking if the content of
hydrogen is too high. What is the other name commonly used to describe hydrogen
cracking?
a. Hot tears
b. Liquation cracking
c. Reheat cracking
d. Delay cracking

5. Which of the following is not a pattern that the atoms of steel arrange themselves in?
a. Body centered cubic
b. Body centered tetragonal
c. Face centered cubic
d. Diamond centered cubic

6. A hard and brittle microstructure in low alloy steel can be improve its properties to
soft and ductile by:
a. Increasing the heat input during welding
b. Must follow by post heating after welding
c. Hardening
d. Annealing

7. What happen to the properties of the steel when the carbon is increased to 0.6%?
a. Ductility increases
b. Weld ability increases
c. Malleability in increases
d. Tensile strength increases

Multi - Choice Question Paper (MFY-007)


TWI THE WELDING INSTITUTE

8. What is the affect will occur to carbon manganese steel if the steel has been rapid
cooled from austenite region?
a. It becomes ductile
b. The toughness increases
c. Its hardness increases
d. Its yield strength decreases

9. Which of the following statements is true with regards to hydrogen cracking?


a. It is because of rapid cooling of weld metal and others factor
b. It is a hot type of crack
c. It only occur in the HAZ
d. Ductile grain structure is the most susceptible to hydrogen cracking

10. The arc energy during a welding process:


a. Does not effect the toughness of weldment
b. Must be high in order to avoid lack of fusion
c. Affects the width of HAZ
d. All of the above

11. In a martensitic grain structure what would you not expect to increase?
a. Strength
b. Hardness
c. Toughness
d. All of the above

12. Nitrogen and oxygen are considered to be important elements during the steel making
process:
a. Cause sulphur to isolate in the steel
b. Cause imperfections if not removed in sufficient quantities
c. Improve the quality of steel
d. Improve the surface appearance of the steel

Multi - Choice Question Paper (MFY-007)


TWI THE WELDING INSTITUTE

13. Sulphur is added to steel to improve:


a. Strength
b. Hardness
c. Toughness
d. Machine characteristic of the steel

14. Oxygen and sulphur in steels for a non-metallic inclusion during the rolling process
and can lead to what after welding:
a. Sulphide precipitation
b. Oxygen rich welds
c. Lamellar tearing
d. Stress corrosion

15. Steel is an alloy composed mainly of


a. Coke and iron
b. Magnesium and copper
c. Carbon and chromium
d. Iron and carbon

16. When weave technique the heat input using the same welding parameters (amps and
voltage), as those used for stringer bead will be:
a. Be the same as that for the stringer bead
b. Lower than that for the stringer bead
c. Will be higher than the stringer bead
d. Unaffected because technique has no influence on the heat input

17. Heat treating will:


a. Improve the yield strength of the steel only
b. Increase the elongation of the steel only
c. Alter the chemical composition of the steel
d. Not improve the properties of steel as a whole

Multi - Choice Question Paper (MFY-007)


TWI THE WELDING INSTITUTE

18. The region of HAZ that gets heated to a temperature between 700 c and 900 c is
called:
a. Wide band HAZ
b. Tempered HAZ
c. Spherodised HAZ
d. Intercritical HAZ

19. The fully transformed HAZ located next to the fusion boundary in a weldment is the
area:
a. Where cracking does not occur
b. Where cold cracks will not occur
c. With lowest tendency to form cold cracks
d. With the highest tendency to cold cracks

20. Martensite is a hard phase in steel and highly dependent on its properties from the
amount of carbon trapped in the Body Centered Cubic atom arrangement. When
carbon is trapped in this atom arrangement to cause the:
a. Carbon dissolves in this iron
b. Carbon atoms cause the BCC shape to distort resulting in increased hardness
c. Iron transforms to pig iron
d. Carbon separates out to form isolated island martensite

21. Slowly cooled of mild carbon steels have a microstructure with:

a. High tensile strength


b. Lowest strength and the highest ductility
c. Highest strength with lowest toughness
d. Brittle structure

Multi - Choice Question Paper (MFY-007)


TWI THE WELDING INSTITUTE

22. The ability of the alloy steel to form martensite can be determined by its ;
a. Iron carbon diagram
b. Equilibrium diagram
c. Carbon equivalent value
d. Transition curve diagram

23. The formation of hard and brittle grain structure in alloy steel can be controlled by:
a. Used of low arc energy
b. Increase the material thickness
c. Pre heating the material to welding
d. All of the above

24. The cooling rates of weldment is very critical where it can gives a formation of
martensite or Bainite. What factors that will influence the cooling rates?
a. Type of consumables and materials
b. Size of electrodes and welding position
c. Thickness, material size and thermal conductivity
d. All of the above

25. The main factors likely to cause lamellar tearing are thus:
a. Materials with lamination
b. Materials with greater thickness
c. Materials with high thermal conductivity
d. Low, short transverse ductility materials

26. The combination of iron and sulphur during welding will promotes:
a. Globular form of microstructure along the grain boundaries
b. Higher strength of the center of weld metal
c. Low melting point along the grain boundaries
d. Higher hardness of weld metal compared to HAZ

Multi - Choice Question Paper (MFY-007)


TWI THE WELDING INSTITUTE

27. The purpose of through thickness test is to determine:


a. The susceptibility of materials to hot cracking
b. The strength of through thickness of materials
c. The amount of energy absorb and toughness of materials
d. Susceptibility of steel plate to lamellar tearing

28. Which following factor does not contribute to the formation of solidification
cracking?
a. High dilution welding process
b. Low travel speed applied during welding
c. High sulphur materials
d. Fast travel speed

29. Which of the following statement is correct, for multi run welding compare to single
passed welding:
a. High productivity can be produced with multi run
b. Higher distortion with multi run compare to single run
c. Higher energy absorbed and higher toughness with multi run
d. Multi run welding less cracking to occur

30. What alloying element that may helps on controlling of intercrystaline corrosion in
austenitic stainless steel
a. Molybdenum
b. Vanadium
c. Columbium (Niobium)
d. Cooper

Multi - Choice Question Paper (MFY-007)