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COOLING CURVES AND PHASE DIAGRAM

The melting range over which the temperature TS to be eutectic temperature


temperature of any solid and liquid phases identified. it will have the
pure material (a one- are in equilibrium. eutectic composition
component system) at Instead of a single and will freeze at that
constant pressure is a melting temperature, temperature to form a
single unique the system now has solid eutectic mixture
temperature. The two different of two phases.
liquid and solid phases temperatures, the
exist together in liquidus temperature Formation of the
equilibrium only at and the solidus eutectic causes the
this temperature. temperature which system to cease
When cooled, the are needed to cooling until
temperature of the describe the change solidification is
molten material will from liquid to solid. When cooling a complete. The
steadily decrease until material of eutectic resulting cooling curve
the melting point is The liquidus composition, shows the two stages
reached. temperature is the solidification of the of solidification with a
temperature above whole sample takes section of reduced
At this point the which the system is place at a single gradient where a
material will start to entirely liquid, and the temperature. This single phase is
crystallise, leading to solidus is the results in a cooling solidifying and a
the evolution of latent temperature below curve similar in shape plateau where
heat at the solid liquid which the system is to that of a single- eutectic is solidifying.
interface, maintaining completely solid. component system
a constant Between these two with the system
temperature across points the liquid and solidifying at its
the material. Once solid phases are in eutectic temperature.
solidification is equilibrium. When the
complete, steady liquidus temperature
cooling resumes. The is reached,
arrest in cooling solidification begins
during solidification and there is a
allows the melting reduction in cooling
point of the material rate caused by latent
to be identified on a heat evolution and a By taking a series of
time-temperature consequent reduction cooling curves for the
curve. in the gradient of the same system over a
cooling curve. range of compositions
the liquidus and
Upon the completion When solidifying solidus temperatures
of solidification the hypoeutectic or for each composition
cooling rate alters hypereutectic alloys, can be determined
again allowing the the first solid to form allowing the solidus
temperature of the is a single phase which and liquidus to be
solidus to be has a composition mapped to determine
determined. As can be different to that of the the phase diagram.
seen on the diagram liquid. This causes the
below, these changes liquid composition to Below are cooling
Most systems in gradient allow the approach that of the curves for the same
consisting of two or liquidus eutectic as cooling system recorded for
more components temperature TL, and occurs. Once the different compositions
exhibit a temperature the solidus liquid reaches the and then displaced
along the time axis. This allows the solidus
The red regions and liquidus to be
indicate where the plotted to produce the
material is liquid, the phase diagram:
blue regions indicate
where the material is
solid and the green
regions indicate
where the solid and
liquid phases are in
equilibrium.

By removing the time


axis from the curves
and replacing it with
composition, the
cooling curves
indicate the
temperatures of the
solidus and liquidus
for a given
composition.