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IES Electrical Engineering Topic wise Questions

Electrical Machines

Engineering Topic wise Questions Electrical Machines YEAR 2008 MCQ 1 Consider the following statements: Skewing

YEAR 2008

MCQ 1

Consider the following statements:

Skewing of rotors slots in a 3-phase induction motor (cage rotor) may

1. introduce additional leakage reactance

2. eliminate slot harmonics

Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?

(A)

1 only

(B)

2 only

(C)

Both 1 and 2

(D)

Neither 1 nor 2

MCQ 2

In the equivalent circuit of a double-cage induction motor, the two

rotor cages can be considered

(A)

to be in parallel

(B)

to be in series-parallel

(C)

to be in series

(D)

to be in parallel with stator

MCQ 3

A 3-phase squirrel-cage induction motor is started by means of a

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star/delta switch. What is the starting current of the motor ?

(A)

3 times the current with direct on line starting

(B)

1/3 times the current with direct on line starting

(C)

1/
1/

3 times the current with direct on line starting

3 times the current with direct on line starting

(D)

MCQ 4

Sludge formation in transformer oil is due to which one of the following

in transformer oil is due to which one of the following ? (A) Ingress of duct

?

(A)

Ingress of duct particles and moisture in the oil

(B)

Appearance of small fragments of paper, varnish, cotton and other organic materials in the oil

(C)

Chemical reaction of transformer oil with the insulating materials

(D)

Oxidation of transformer oil

MCQ 5

A single-phase transformer rated for 220/440 V, 50 Hz operates at no load at 220 V, 40 Hz. This frequency operation at rated voltage results in which one of the following ?

(A)

Increase of both eddy-current and hysteresis losses

(B)

Reduction of both eddy-current and hysteresis losses

(C)

Reduction of hysteresis loss and increase in eddy-current loss

(D)

Increase of hysteresis loss and no change in the eddy-current loss

MCQ 6

What is the load at which maximum efficiency occurs in case of a 100 kVA transformer with iron loss of 1 kW and full-load copper loss of 2 kW ?

(A)

100 kVA

(B)

70.7 kVA

(C)

50.5 kVA

(D)

25.2 kVA

MCQ 7

Cores of large power transformers are made from which one of the

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following ?

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(A)

Hot-rolled steel

(B)

Cold-rolled non-grain oriented steel

(C)

Cold-rolled grain oriented steel

(D)

Ferrite

IES EE Topic wise 2001-2008 Electrical Machines

MCQ 8

A transformer has a percentage resistance of 2% and percentage reactance of 4%. What are its regulations at power factor 0.8 lagging and 0.8 leading, respectively ?

(A)

4% and 0.8%

(B)

3.2% and 1.6%

(C)

1.6% and 3.2%

(D)

4.8% and 0.6%

MCQ 9

The full-load copper loss and iron loss of a transformer are 6400 W and 5000 W, respectively. What are the above copper loss and iron loss, respectively at half-load ?

(A)

3200 W, 2500 W

(B)

3200 W, 5000 W

(C)

1600 W, 1250 W

(D)

1600 W, 5000 W

5000 W (C) 1600 W, 1250 W (D) 1600 W, 5000 W MCQ 10 Assertion (A)

MCQ 10

Assertion (A) : A d.c motor draws high current at the time of starting.

Reason (R) : While starting a d.c. motor, it takes some time to develop a non-zero value of back e.m.f.

(A)

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

(B)

Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

(C)

A is true but R is false

(D)

A is false but R is true

MCQ 11

Assertion (A) : For a 3-phase alternator operating on leading p.f. at

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full load, the terminal voltage may be more than the no-load induced e.m.f.

Reason (R) : At leading power factor, the effect of armature reaction is demagnetizing.

(A)

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

(B)

Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

(C)

A is true but R is false

(D)

A is false but R is true

A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true MCQ

MCQ 12

Assertion (A) : AC armature windings are short chorded by selecting value of coil span more than the pole pitch.

Reason (R) : Short chording is done to eliminate harmonics in the induced e.m.f.

(A)

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

(B)

Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

(C)

A is true but R is false

(D)

A is false but R is true

MCQ 13

Assertion (A) : The leakage reactance of a 3-phase induction motor should be small.

Reason (R) : A small value of leakage reactance will increase the maximum power output of motor.

(A)

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

(B)

Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

(C)

A is true but R is false

(D)

A is false but R is true

MCQ 14

Assertion (A) : Both the efficiency and regulation of a 3-winding ideal transformer are 100%.

Reason (R) : The flux leakage and the magnetic reluctance of the magnetic core in an ideal transformer are zero. Moreover, losses are absent in ideal transformers.

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(A)

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

(B)

Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

(C)

A is true but R is false

(D)

A is false but R is true

MCQ 15

The graph shown below represents which characteristic of a d.c. shunt generator ?

represents which characteristic of a d.c. shunt generator ? (A) Internal characteristic (B) External
represents which characteristic of a d.c. shunt generator ? (A) Internal characteristic (B) External
represents which characteristic of a d.c. shunt generator ? (A) Internal characteristic (B) External

(A)

Internal characteristic

(B)

External characteristic

(C)

Open-circuit characteristic

(D)

Magnetic characteristic

characteristic (D) Magnetic characteristic MCQ 16 When is the mechanical power developed by a d.c.

MCQ 16

When is the mechanical power developed by a d.c. motor maximum ?

(A)

Back e.m.f. is equal to applied voltage

(B)

Back e.m.f. is equal to zero

(C)

Back e.m.f. is equal to half the applied voltage

(D)

None of the above

MCQ 17

Match List I (DC machine quantity) with List II (Relation) and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists :

List I

A. Developed power

B. Torque

1.

2.

List II

αNφ

α E I

b

a

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IES EE Topic wise 2001-2008 Electrical Machines

IES EE Topic wise 2001-2008 Electrical Machines C. Generated e.m.f. D. Speed Codes : www.gatehelp.com 3.

C. Generated e.m.f.

D. Speed

Codes :

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3.

4.

E /

α

α φ

b

I

a

φ

 

A

B

C

D

(A)

2

4

1

3

(B)

3

1

4

2

(C)

2

1

4

3

(D)

3

4

1

2

MCQ 18

A

shunt generator has a critical field resistance of 200 Ω at a speed

of

800 r.p.m. If the speed of the generator is increased to 1000 r.p.m.,

what is the change in the critical field resistance of the generator ?

(A)

Decrease to 160 Ω

(B)

Remains the same of 200 Ω

(C)

Increases to 250 Ω

(D)

Increases to 312.5 Ω

MCQ 19

Which one of the following curves represents the speed-torque characteristic of a d.c. series motor ?

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Ω MCQ 19 Which one of the following curves represents the speed-torque characteristic of a d.c.
Ω MCQ 19 Which one of the following curves represents the speed-torque characteristic of a d.c.
Ω MCQ 19 Which one of the following curves represents the speed-torque characteristic of a d.c.
Ω MCQ 19 Which one of the following curves represents the speed-torque characteristic of a d.c.

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IES EE Topic wise 2001-2008 Electrical Machines MCQ 20 Match List I (Machine characteristic) with List

MCQ 20

Match List I (Machine characteristic) with List II (Quantity) and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists :

List I

A. Open-circuit characteristic

B.

C. Internal characteristic

D. Inverted V-curve

V curve

1.

2.

3.

4.

List II

p vs. I f

E vs. I

f

a

a

E vs. I

g

f

I vs. I

a

f

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IES EE Topic wise 2001-2008 Electrical Machines

IES EE Topic wise 2001-2008 Electrical Machines Codes : www.gatehelp.com   A B C D (A)

Codes :

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A

B

C

D

(A)

3

1

2

4

(B)

2

4

3

1

(C)

3

4

2

1

(D)

2

1

3

4

MCQ 21

Which of the following conditions are to be satisfied for proper synchronization of alternators ?

1. Equal terminal voltage

2. Same frequency

3. Same phase sequence

4. Same kVA rating

5. Same phase displacement

Select the correct answer using the code given below :

(A)

1, 3 and 4

(B)

1, 2, 4 and 5

(C)

2, 3, 4 and 5

(D)

1, 2, 3 and 5

MCQ 22

If the excitation of a 3-phase alternator operating on infinite bus bars is changed, which one of the following shall alter ?

(A)

Active power of machine

(B)

Reactive power of machine

(C)

Terminal voltage of machine

(D)

Frequency of machine

MCQ 23

The stator of a 3-phase, 6-pole a.c. machine has 45 slots. The stator winding has 45 coils with a coil span of 6 slots. What type of winding will be selected for this machine ?

(A) Double-layer, fractional slot, short-pitched winding

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(B)

Single-layer, fractional slot, short-pitched winding

(C)

Single-layer, integral slot, full-pitch winding

(D)

Double-layer, fractional slot, full-pitch winding

MCQ 24

When are eddy-current losses in a transformer reduced ?

(A)

If laminations are thick

(B)

If the number of turns in primary winding is reduced

(C)

If the number of turns in secondary winding is reduced

(D)

If laminations are thin

MCQ 25

Why is a centrifugal switch used in a single-phase induction motor ?

(A)

To protect the motor from overloading

(B)

To improve the starting performance of the motor

(C)

To cut off the starting winding at an appropriate instant

(D)

To cut in the capacitor during running conditions

MCQ 26

What is the operating slip of a 400 V, 50 Hz, 6-pole, 3-phase induction motor, while the speed is 936 r.p.m. with a 400 V, 48 Hz, 3-phase supply ?

(A)

0.036

(B)

0.064

(C)

0.025

(D)

0.075

0.036 (B) 0.064 (C) 0.025 (D) 0.075 MCQ 27 A 3-phase slip-ring induction motor having negligible

MCQ 27

A 3-phase slip-ring induction motor having negligible stator impedance drives a constant torque load. If an additional resistance is included in the rotor circuit, what does the motor experience ?

(A)

Increase in both the stator current and the slip

(B)

No change in the stator current and increase in the slip

(C)

Increase in the stator current and no change in the slip

(D)

Decrease in the stator current and increase in the slip

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MCQ 28

Breakdown torque in a 3-phase induction motor of negligible stator impedance is

(A)

directly proportional to rotor resistance

(B)

inversely proportional to rotor resistance

(C)

directly proportional to rotor leakage reactance

(D)

inversely proportional to rotor leakage reactance

MCQ 29

is its

synchronous speed, what is the relative speed between the stator

m.m.f. and rotor m.m.f. ?

A balanced 3-phase induction motor runs at slip S . If

ω

s

(A) S ω s (B) (1 − S ) ω s (C) ω s (D)
(A)
S ω
s
(B)
(1
S )
ω
s
(C)
ω
s
(D)
zero
MCQ 30
Match List I (Method of speed control of 3-phase wound-type
induction motor) with List II (Performance achieved) and select the
correct answer using the code given below the lists :

List I

List II

A. Stator voltage control

1.

Both speed and p.f. can be controlled

B. Rotor resistance control

2.

Maximum torque remains constant

C. Constant volts/Hz control

3.

Starting torque increases

D. Injection of voltage in rotor circuit

4.

Starting torque decreases

Codes :

 

A

B

C

D

(A)

2

1

4

3

(B)

4

3

2

1

(C)

2

3

4

1

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(D)

4

1

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2

3

IES EE Topic wise 2001-2008 Electrical Machines

YEAR 2007

MCQ 31

Assertion (A) : Large synchronous machines are constructed with armature winding on stator.

Reason (R) : Stationary armature winding would have reduced armature reactance.

(A)

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

(B)

Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

(C)

A is true but R is false

(D)

A is false but R is true

MCQ 32

If the armature current is increased to double its previous value, and the time of commutation is halved, how will the reactance voltage vary ?

(A)

It will be halved

(B)

It will remain the same

(C)

It will be doubled

(D)

It will become four times

It will be doubled (D) It will become four times MCQ 33 ^ T h of

MCQ 33

^ T h of a dc separately

excited motor, operating under constant terminal voltage, related to

Neglecting all loses, how is the developed torque

its output power ^ P h ? (A) T \ P (B) T \ P
its output power
^
P h ?
(A)
T \
P
(B)
T \ P
2
3
(C)
T
\ P
(D)
T is independent of P

MCQ 34

A dc shunt generator is supplying a load of 1.8 kW at 200 V. Its armature and field resistances are 0.4 Ω and 200 Ω respectively. What

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is the generated emf ?

(A)

190 V

(B)

196 V

(C)

204 V

(D)

210 V

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MCQ 35

The field flux method of speed control of dc shunt motor is generally used for which one of the following ?

(A)

Constant hp drive below the base speed

(B)

Constant torque drive above the base speed

(C)

Constant torque drive below the base speed

(D)

Constant hp drive above the base speed

base speed (D) Constant hp drive above the base speed MCQ 36 A 5 kW, 200

MCQ 36

A 5 kW, 200 V dc shunt motor has armature resistance of 1 ohm and

shunt field resistance of 100 ohm. At no load, the motor draws 6 A from 200 V supply and runs at 1000 rpm. What is the total copper loss of the machine ?

(A)

400 W

(B)

16 W

(C)

36 W

(D)

416 W

MCQ 37

When does a synchronous motor operate with leading power factor current ?

(A)

While it is under-excited

(B)

While it is critically excited

(C)

While it is over-excited

(D)

While it is heavily loaded

MCQ 38

A

10 pole, 25 Hz alternator is directly coupled to and is driven

by

60 Hz synchronous motor. What is the number of poles for the

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synchronous motor ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

48

12

24

16

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MCQ 39

What is the angle between the induced voltage and supply voltage of a synchronous motor under running condition ?

(A)

zero

(B)

Greater than zero but # 90 c

(C)

Between 90 c and 180 c

(D)

> 180 c

MCQ 40

What does the SCR (short circuit ratio) of a synchronous machine yield ?

(A)

1

X

s

(unsaturated)pu

(B)

(C)

(D)

1

X

s

(unsaturated)in Ohm

1

X (adjusted)pu

s

1

X

s

(adjusted)in Ohm

Ohm 1 X (adjusted)pu s 1 X s (adjusted)in Ohm MCQ 41 How can the reactive

MCQ 41

How can the reactive power delivered by a synchronous generator be controlled ?

(A)

By changing the prime mover input

(B)

By changing the excitation

(C)

By changing the direction of rotation

(D)

By changing the prime mover speed

MCQ 42

Which one of the following is the correct statement ?

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(A)

The armature current upon symmetrical 3-phase short circuit of a synchronous machine (armature resistance is negligible) constitutes q-axis current only

(B)

The armature current upon symmetrical 3-phase short circuit of a synchronous machine (armature resistance is negligible) constitutes d-axis current only

(C)

The armature current upon symmetrical 3-phase short circuit of a synchronous machine (armature resistance is negligible) has both d-axis and q-axis current only

(D)

Short circuit current can be divided into d-axis and q-axis components

current can be divided into d-axis and q-axis components Page 14 MCQ 43 If the full-load

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MCQ 43

If the full-load speed of a 3-speed, 50 Hz induction motor is 950 rpm, what is its half-load speed nearly equal to ?

(A)

1000 rpm

(B)

450 rpm

(C)

1900 rpm

(D)

975 rpm

MCQ 44

Which one of the following is the correct statement ?

In a 3-phase induction motor, the resultant flux is of a constant nature and is

(A) equal to φ

(B)

(C)

(D) 3 φ

m

, where φ

m is maximum flux due to any phase

1.5 time maximum value of flux due to any phase

to any phase 1.5 time maximum value of flux due to any phase 3 /2 times

3 /2 times maximum value of flux due to any phase

m

MCQ 45

In an induction motor, what is the ratio of rotor copper loss and rotor input ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

1/ s

s

^

1 s

h

(D) s/ 1 s

^

h

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MCQ 46

In an induction motor, air gap power is 10 kW and mechanically developed power is 8 kW. What are the rotor ohmic losses ?

(A)

1 kW

(B)

3 kW

(C)

2 kW

(D)

0.5 kW

MCQ 47

Which one of the following is the correct statement ?

The output line in an induction motor circle diagram is the line joining the tip of the

(A)

no load current phasor to the point corresponding to slip = 0

(B)

no load current phasor to the point corresponding to slip = 1

(C)

short circuit current phasor to the point corresponding to slip = 1

(D)

short circuit current phasor to the point corresponding to slip = 0

MCQ 48

Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists :

List I

List II

A. General purpose split phase FHP motor

1.

Refrigerators

B. General purpose capacitor start FHP motor

2.

Hair dryers

C. Permanent split capacitor start FHP motor

3.

Unit heaters

D. Shaded pole FHP motor

4.

Fans, blowers

Codes :

 

A

B

C

D

(A)

1

2

4

3

(B)

1

2

3

4

4. Fans, blowers Codes :   A B C D (A) 1 2 4 3 (B)

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(C)

4

1

2

3

(D)

4

1

3

2

MCQ 49

In a large power transformer, a “conservator” drum is provided above

the completely oil filled transformer tank and connected to it by a short pipe. The conservator drum is linked to external air through a breather. What is the purpose of providing the conservator ?

breather. What is the purpose of providing the conservator ? (A) To store reserve oil to

(A)

To store reserve oil to make up oil losses due to leakage

(B)

To prevent explosion due to rise in oil pressure inside the tank during a fault

(C)

To accommodate change in oil-level during the “load-cycle” of the transformer load

(D)

To exert additional pressure by the conservator-oil on the oil inside the main tank to prevent disintegration of oil at high temperature

MCQ 50

A 500 kVA transformer has constant losses of 500 W and copper

losses at full load are 2000 W. Then at what load, is the efficiency maximum ?

(A)

250 kVA

(B)

500 kVA

(C)

1000 kVA

(D)

125 kVA

MCQ 51

On which of the following factors does hysteresis loss depend ?

1. Flux density

2. Frequency

3. Thickness of lamination

4. Time

Select the correct answer using the code given below :

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(A)

2 and 3

(B)

1 and 2

(C)

3 and 4

(D)

1 and 4

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MCQ 52

Consider the following statements regarding transformers :

1. The function of the magnetizing component of no load current is to sustain the alternating flux in the core.

2. Short circuit test is performed to find core losses only.

3. The function of the breather in transformer is to arrest flow of moisture when outside air enters the transformer.

Which of the statements given above are correct ?

(A)

1 and 2

(B)

1 and 3

(C)

2 and 3

(D)

1, 2 and 3

MCQ 53

Two transformers when operating in parallel will share the load depending upon which of the following ?

(A)

Magnetizing current

(B)

Leakage reactance

(C)

Per unit impedance

(D)

Efficiency

(C) Per unit impedance (D) Efficiency MCQ 54 What is the frequency of rotor current of

MCQ 54

What is the frequency of rotor current of a 50 Hz induction motor operating at 2% slip ?

(A)

1 Hz

(B)

100 Hz

(C)

2 Hz

(D)

50 Hz

MCQ 55

Torque developed by the armature of a dc motor is proportional to which one of the following ?

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(A)

(Back emf) # (Armature current)

(B)

(Magnetic flux per pole) # (Armature current)

(C)

(Back emf) # (Magnetic flux per pole)

(D)

(Back emf)/(Magnetic flux per pole)

MCQ 56

Which of the following are the variable losses in a rotating machine ?

following are the variable losses in a rotating machine ? (A) Core loss and mechanical loss

(A)

Core loss and mechanical loss

(B)

Core loss and stray load loss

(C)

Copper loss and core loss

(D)

Copper loss and stray load loss

MCQ 57

Which of the following are true is respect of interpoles in dc machines

?

1.

Reduce armature reaction effects in interpolar region.

2.

Windings are connected in series with armature.

3.

Have the same dimensions as main poles.

Select the correct answer using the code given below :

(A)

1 and 2

(B)

2 and 3

(C)

1 and 3

(D)

1, 2 and 3

MCQ 58

What are slot wedges in a dc machine, made of ?

(A)

Mild steel

(B)

Silicon steel

(C)

Fibre

(D)

Cast iron

MCQ 59

An 8-pole single phase induction motor is running at 690 rpm. What is its slip with respect to forward and backward fields, respectively ?

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(A)

0.08,2.0

(B)

0.08,1.92

(C)

1.92,0.08

(D)

2.0,0.08

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YEAR 2006

MCQ 60

What is the value of the load angle when the power output of a salient pole sychronous generator is maximum ?

(A)

0 c

(B)

45 c

(C)

90 c

(D)

None of the above

MCQ 61

Which one of the following statements is not correct in respect of synchronous machines ?

(A)

In a salient pole machines, the direct-axis synchronous reactance is greater than the quadrature axis synchronous reactance

(B)

The damper bars help the motor to self-start

(C)

Short circuit ratio is the ratio of field current required to produce the rated voltage on open circuit to the rated armature current

(D)

The V-curve of a synchronous motor represents the variation in the armature current with field excitation at a given output power

current with field excitation at a given output power MCQ 62 In which one of the

MCQ 62

In which one of the following is reluctance power developed ?

(A)

Salient pole alternator

(B)

Non-salient pole alternator

(C)

Squirrel cage induction motor

(D)

Transformer

MCQ 63

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When the applied rated voltage per phase is reduced to one-half, the starting torque of a three-phase squirrel cage induction motor becomes

of a three-phase squirrel cage induction motor becomes (A) 1/2 of the initial value (B) 1/4

(A)

1/2 of the initial value

(B)

1/4 of the initial value

(C)

Twice of the initial value

(D)

4 times of the initial value

MCQ 64

The required load torque line intersects the resultant torque-speed characteristic of a 3-phase squirrel cage induction motor at points P, Q and R as shown in the figure below. Which is/are the stable operating point(s) ?

figure below. Which is/are the stable operating point(s) ? (A) P and Q (B) Q and

(A)

P and Q

(B)

Q and R

(C)

P and R

(D)

Only R

MCQ 65

Which of the points on the torque-speed curve of the induction motor represents operation at a slip greater than 1 ?

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(A) W (B) X (C) Y (D) Z
(A)
W
(B)
X
(C)
Y
(D)
Z

MCQ 66

If the load on an induction motor is increased from no load to full load, its slip and the power factor will, respectively

(A)

decrease, decrease

(B)

decrease, increase

(C)

increase, decrease

(D)

increase, increase

IES EE Topic wise 2001-2008 Electrical Machines

increase IES EE Topic wise 2001-2008 Electrical Machines MCQ 67 The voltage actually used for setting

MCQ 67

The voltage actually used for setting up of the useful flux in the air gap of a 3-phase induction motor is

(A)

= Applied voltage

(B)

> Applied voltage

(C)

< Applied voltage

(D)

= Rotor induced emf

MCQ 68

Which one of the following is the type of single phase induction motor having the highest power factor at full load ?

(A) Shaded pole type

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IES EE Topic wise 2001-2008 Electrical Machines

IES EE Topic wise 2001-2008 Electrical Machines www.gatehelp.com (B) Split-phase type (C) Capacitor-start type

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(B)

Split-phase type

(C)

Capacitor-start type

(D)

Capacitor-run type

MCQ 69

A single phase induction motor is running at N r.p.m. Its synchronous

speed is N s . If its slip with respect of forward field is s , what is the slip with respect to the backward field ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

s

s

^

^

1 s

2 s

h

h

MCQ 70

Which one among the following has the highest numerical value in a stepper motor ?

(A)

Detent torque

(B)

Holding torque

(C)

Dynamic torque

(D)

Ripple torque

MCQ 71

Which of the following parameters in an induction motor influences the magnetizing reactance to the maximum extent ?

(A)

Axial length of the rotor stack

(B)

Axial length of the stator stack

(C)

Radial length of air gap

(D)

Number of slots on the stator

Direction : The following item consist of two statements, one labelled as Assertion ‘A’ and the other labelled as Reason ‘R’. You are to examine these two statement carefully and decide if the Assertion A and the Reason R are individually true and if so, whether the Reason

is a correct explanation of the Assertion. Select your answers to these

items using the codes given below :

Codes :

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IES EE Topic wise 2001-2008 Electrical Machines

(A)

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

(B)

Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of

A

(C)

A is true but R is false

(D)

A is false but R is true

MCQ 72

Assertion (A) : Under V/f control of induction motor, the maximum value of the developed torque remains constant over a wide range of speed in the sub-synchronous region.

Reason (R) : The magnetic flux is maintained almost constant at the rated value by keeping the ratio V/f constant over the considered speed range.

MCQ 73

A loss-less cylindrical rotor synchronous generator is floating on the

system bus-bar after being properly synchronised and is running at no-load. Now, if the prime mover is acting as a mechanical load on the machine, then

(A)

the torque developed by the machine will act in the same direction as the prime-mover torque

(B)

the torque developed by the machine will act in the opposite direction to that of the prime-mover torque

(C)

the machine rotor would fall-back and the induced emf would lag behind the terminal voltage

(D)

the machine rotor would over-speed and the induced emf would lead the terminal voltage

and the induced emf would lead the terminal voltage MCQ 74 The resultant flux density in

MCQ 74

The resultant flux density in the air gap of a synchronous generator

is the lowest during

(A)

Open circuit

(B)

Solid short circuit

(C)

Full load

(D)

Half load

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MCQ 75

A 50 kW d.c. shunt motor is loaded to draw rated armature current at any given speed. When driven (i) at half the rated speed by armature voltage control and (ii) at 1.5 times the rated speed by field control, what are the approximate output powers delivered by the motor ?

are the approximate output powers delivered by the motor ? (A) 25 kW in (i) and

(A)

25 kW in (i) and 75 kW in (ii)

(B)

25 kW in (i) and 50 kW in (ii)

(C)

50 kW in (i) and 75 kW in (ii)

(D)

50 kW in (i) and 50 kW in (ii)

MCQ 76

For a constant supply voltage, what are the effects of inserting a series resistance in the field circuit of a d.c. shunt motor, on its speed and torque ?

(A)

Speed will decrease and the torque will decrease

(B)

Speed will increase and the torque will increase

(C)

Speed will increase and the torque will decrease

(D)

Speed will decrease and the torque will increase

MCQ 77

Consider the following statements in respect of d.c. generators :

1. Compensating windings are located in teeth cut out in main poles

2. Compensating windings are series connected so that the armature reaction is aided at any load

3. Compensating windings are series connected for cancellation of the armature reaction at any load

4. Compensating windings are shunt connected to aid the main poles at any load

Which of the statements given above are correct ?

(A)

1 and 2

(B)

1, 2 and 3

(C)

1 and 3

(D)

2, 3 and 4

Page 24

MCQ 78

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IES EE Topic wise 2001-2008 Electrical Machines

A self-excited d.c. shunt generator, driven by its prime-mover at the rated speed fails to build up voltage across its terminals at no-load. What reason can be assigned for this ?

(A)

The field circuit resistance is higher than the critical resistance

(B)

The initial shunt field mmf does not assist the residual magnetism

(C)

One of the inter-pole connections is reversed

(D)

The brush-axis shifts slightly from the geometrical neutral axis of the machine

MCQ 79

Wave winding is employed in a d.c. machine of

(A)

high current and low voltage rating

(B)

low current and high voltage rating

(C)

high current and high voltage rating

(D)

low current and low voltage rating

MCQ 80

rating (C) high current and high voltage rating (D) low current and low voltage rating MCQ
rating (C) high current and high voltage rating (D) low current and low voltage rating MCQ
rating (C) high current and high voltage rating (D) low current and low voltage rating MCQ
rating (C) high current and high voltage rating (D) low current and low voltage rating MCQ

Page 25

IES EE Topic wise 2001-2008 Electrical Machines

IES EE Topic wise 2001-2008 Electrical Machines www.gatehelp.com An elementary cylindrical machine has one full-pitch coil

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EE Topic wise 2001-2008 Electrical Machines www.gatehelp.com An elementary cylindrical machine has one full-pitch coil in
EE Topic wise 2001-2008 Electrical Machines www.gatehelp.com An elementary cylindrical machine has one full-pitch coil in
EE Topic wise 2001-2008 Electrical Machines www.gatehelp.com An elementary cylindrical machine has one full-pitch coil in

An elementary cylindrical machine has one full-pitch coil in the stator, but the rotor may have (i) two poles or (ii) four poles of permanent magnets.

The time-varying voltage that could be induced in the stator coil for one rotation of the rotor, while the rotor is revolving at a constant speed are shown in the figures A, B, C and D above. Select the correct combination from the code given below :

 

2-Pole

4-Pole

(A)

A

D

(B)

A

B

(C)

C

D

(D)

B

C

MCQ 81

What is the form of an air gap flux density waveform of an uncompensated 2-pole d.c. shunt motor at full-load ?

81 What is the form of an air gap flux density waveform of an uncompensated 2-pole

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www.gatehelp.com MCQ 82 Which three-phase connection can be used in a transformer to introduce a phase

MCQ 82

Which three-phase connection can be used in a transformer to introduce

a phase difference of 30 c between its output and corresponding input line voltages ?

(A)

Star-delta

(B)

Star-star

(C)

Delta-delta

(D)

Delta-zigzag

IES EE Topic wise 2001-2008 Electrical Machines

Delta-zigzag IES EE Topic wise 2001-2008 Electrical Machines MCQ 83 What is the efficiency of an

MCQ 83

What is the efficiency of an auto-transformer in comparison to that of a two-winding transformer of the same rating ?

(A)

Slightly less than that of a two-winding transformer

(B)

Same as that of a two-winding transformer

(C)

More than that of a two-winding transformer

(D)

As low as 1/5th of the efficiency of a two-winding transformer

MCQ 84

A two-winding transformer is converted into an auto-transformer. If we

apply additive polarity and subtractive polarity for the connections, then the secondary voltage is 2640 V and 2160 V, respectively. What

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is the ratio of primary to secondary voltage of the original transformer

?

(A)

66 : 54

(B)

54 : 66

(C)

10 : 1

(D)

1 : 10

MCQ 85

Percentage resistance and percentage reactance of a transformer are 1% and 4%, respectively. What is voltage regulation at power factor 0.8 lagging and 0.8 leading ?

regulation at power factor 0.8 lagging and 0.8 leading ? (A) 2.4% and − 0.8% ,

(A)

2.4% and 0.8%, respectively

(B)

3.2% and 1.6%, respectively

(C)

3.2% and 3.2%, respectively

(D)

4.8% and 1.6%, respectively

MCQ 86

If P 1 and P 2 be the iron and copper losses of a transformer at full load, and the maximum efficiency of the transformer is at 75% of the full load, then what is the ratio of P 1 and P 2 ?

(A)

9/16

(B)

10/16

(C)

3/4

(D)

3/16

MCQ 87

If the iron core of a transformer is replaced by an air core, then the hysteresis losses in the transformer will

(A)

increase

(B)

decrease

(C)

remain unchanged

(D)

become zero

MCQ 88

The equivalent circuit of a transformer has the leakage reactances

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X , X ' and the magnetising reactance X m . What is the relationship between their magnitudes ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

1

2

XX>> ' >> X

1

2

m

XX<< ' << X

1

2

m

XX ' >> X

1

.

2

m

XX ' << X

1

.

2

m

IES EE Topic wise 2001-2008 Electrical Machines

MCQ 89

If the voltage applied to a transformer primary is increased by keeping the V/f ratio fixed, then the magnetizing current and the core loss will, respectively,

(A)

decrease and remain the same

(B)

increase and decrease

(C)

remain the same and remain the same

(D)

remain the same and increase

MCQ 90

Which among the following magnetic materials has the highest energy-product to make it a permanent magnet ?

(A)

Alnico

(B)

Ferrite

(C)

Samarium Cobalt

(D)

Cobalt-Iron alloy

(C) Samarium Cobalt (D) Cobalt-Iron alloy YEAR 2005 MCQ 91 A coil of 1000 turns is

YEAR 2005

MCQ 91

A coil of 1000 turns is wound on a core. A current of 1 A flowing through the coil creates a core flux of 1 mWb. What is the energy stored in the magnetic field ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

1 4 J

1 2 J

1J

2 J

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MCQ 92

Match List I (Type of Coil) with List II (Use of Coil) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists :

List I

List II

A. Sandwitch coils

1.

Low voltage coils for currents above 100 A

B. Disc coils

2.

High voltage windings of small transformers

C. Cross-over coils

3.

Cooling oil is in contact with each turn of the winding

D. Spiral type

4.

Shell-type transformer core

D. Spiral type 4. Shell-type transformer core Codes :   A B C D (A) 2

Codes :

 

A

B

C

D

(A)

2

3

4

1

(B)

4

1

2

3

(C)

2

1

4

3

(D)

4

3

2

1

MCQ 93

Match List I (Test) with List II (Quantities) and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists :

List I

List II

A. OC Test

1.

Copper loss and iron loss

B. SC Test

2.

Total losses

C. Sumpner’s Test

3.

Iron loss

D. Load Test

4.

Copper loss

Codes :

 

A

B

C

D

(A)

3

4

1

2

(B)

2

1

4

3

(C)

3

1

4

2

(D)

2

4

1

3

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MCQ 94
MCQ 94

The exact equivalent circuit of a two-winding transformer is given in the figure above. For affecting simplification, the parallel magnetising branch, consisting of R C and X Q is shifted to the left of the primary

jx ) . This simplification introduces the

inaccuracy, in the neglect of :

leakage impedance (r

1

+

1

(A)

Voltage-drop in the primary impedance due to the secondary current

(B)

Voltage-drop in the primary impedance due to the exciting current

(C)

Voltage-drop in the secondary impedance due to the exciting current

(D)

Reduction in values of R C and X Q of the exciting circuit

MCQ 95
MCQ 95

IES EE Topic wise 2001-2008 Electrical Machines

MCQ 95 IES EE Topic wise 2001-2008 Electrical Machines A single-phase, 10 kVA, 2000/200 V, 50

A single-phase, 10 kVA, 2000/200 V, 50 Hz transformer is connected to form an auto transformer as shown in the figure given above. What are the values of V 1 and I 2 , respectively ?

(A)

2200 V, 55 A

(B)

2200 V, 45 A

(C)

2000 V, 45 A

(D)

1800 V, 45 A

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MCQ 96

Three single phase 1100/220 V transformers are connected to form 3-phase transformer bank. High voltage side is connected in star, and low voltage side is in delta. What are the voltage ratings and turn ratio of 3-phase transformer ?

the voltage ratings and turn ratio of 3-phase transformer ? (A) 19052/220 V, 50 (B) 19052/220

(A)

19052/220 V, 50

(B)

19052/220 V, 50

3
3

(C)

11000/381 V, 50

3
3

(D)

11000/220 V, 50

MCQ 97

If the wave form of the voltage impressed on the primary of a Y-Δ bank contains 5 th harmonics, what are the wave forms of the resultant voltages of the primary and the secondary ?

 

Primary

Secondary

(A)

Peaked

Peaked

(B)

Peaked

Flat-topped

(C)

Flat-topped

Peaked

(D)

Flat-topped

Flat-topped

MCQ 98

Match List I (Machine) with List II (Test) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists :

List I

List II

A. DC motors

1.

Slip test

B. Single phase transformers

2.

Blocked rotor test

C. 3-phase induction motrors

3.

Swinburne’s test

D. Salient pole alternators

4.

Sumpner’s test

Codes :

 

A

B

C

D

(A)

1

2

4

3

(B)

3

4

2

1

(C)

1

4

2

3

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(D) 3 2 4 1 MCQ 99
(D)
3
2
4
1
MCQ 99
www.gatehelp.com (D) 3 2 4 1 MCQ 99 Two single phase transformers A and B are

Two single phase transformers A and B are connected in parallel, observing all requirements of a parallel operation, except that the induced voltage E a is slightly greater than E b ; Z ea and Z eb being the equivalent impedances of A and B, both referred to the secondary side.

Under this operating condition with the primary bus-bars being energised, a circulating current will flow :

IES EE Topic wise 2001-2008 Electrical Machines

will flow : IES EE Topic wise 2001-2008 Electrical Machines (A) Only in the secondary windings

(A)

Only in the secondary windings of A and B

(B)

In both the primary and the secondary windings of A and B

(C)

In both the primary and the secondary windings of A and B, as well as in the primary side network

(D)

In the primary and the secondary windings of A and B and boost the voltages on the secondary side of both A and B

MCQ 100

The armature resistance of a 6-pole lap wound d.c. machine is 0.05 Ω . If the armature is rewound as a wave-winding, what is the armature resistance ?

(A)

0.45 Ω

(B)

0.30 Ω

(C)

0.15 Ω

(D)

0.10 Ω

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MCQ 101

In a d.c. compound generator, “flat-compound” characteristic, required for certain applications, may be obtained by connecting a variable resistance :

(A)

A cross the series field

(B)

In series with the series field

(C)

In parallel with the shunt field

(D)

In series with the shunt field

MCQ 102

A 6-pole lap wound d.c. machine armature has 720 conductors and it draws 50 A from supply mains. What is the flux distribution produced by the armature reaction per pole ?

distribution produced by the armature reaction per pole ? (A) Rectangular in wave shape with a

(A)

Rectangular in wave shape with a peak of 500AT

(B)

Rectangular in wave shape with a peak of 100AT

(C)

Triangular in wave shape with a peak of 500AT

(D)

Triangular in wave shape with a peak of 1000AT

MCQ 103

Match List I (DC motor) with List II (Characteristic) and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists :

List I

List II

A. Comulatively compound motor

1.

Fairly constant speed irrespective of the load

B. Differentially compound motor

2.

It may start in reverse direction

C. Series motor

3.

Definite no-load speed

D. Shunt motor

4.

Is never started without load

Codes :

 

A

B

C

D

(A)

4

1

3

2

(B)

3

2

4

1

(C)

4

2

3

1

(D)

3

1

4

2

Page 34

MCQ 104

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IES EE Topic wise 2001-2008 Electrical Machines

A

synchronous motor is operated from a bus voltage of 1.0 pu and

is

drawing 1.0 pu zero power factor leading current. Its synchronous

reactance is 0.5 pu. What is the excitation emf of the motor ?

(A)

2.0

(B)

1.5

(C)

1.0

(D)

0.5

MCQ 105

In

by the slip test on a salient pole machine :

the measurement of X , X q (in ohms), following data are obtained

d

max = 10 A min = 6.5 A max = 30 V min = 25 V

I

d

I

d

V

d

V

d

Which one of the following is correct ?

(A)

(B)

3.86

X

d

X

d

=

=

3, X

q

=

4.,615 X

q

=

2.5

(C)

(D) X

X

d

d

=

=

=

4.,61 X

3, X

q

q

25.

=

3.86

MCQ 106

(C) (D) X X d d = = = 4.,61 X 3, X q q 25.

What are the conditions to be satisfied for alternator to be synchronised with an incoming supply ?

1. Equal voltage

2. Equal frequency

3. Same power rating

4. Same phase sequence

Select the correct answer using the code given below :

(A)

2, 3 and 4

(B)

3 and 4

(C)

1, 2 and 3

(D)

1, 2 and 4

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MCQ 107

The stator and the rotor of a 3-phase, 4-pole wound rotor induction motor are excited, respectively, from a 50 Hz and a 30 Hz source of appropriate voltage. Neglecting all losses, what is/are the possible no-load speed/speeds at which the motor would run ?

(A)

1500 rpm and 900 rpm

(B)

2400 rpm and 600 rpm

(C)

2400 rpm only

(D)

600 rpm only

MCQ 108

A starting torque of 80 Nm is developed in an induction motor by

an auto-transformer starter with a tapping of 30%. If the tapping of auto-transformer starter is 60%, then what is the starting torque ?

starter is 60%, then what is the starting torque ? (A) 40 Nm (B) 160 Nm

(A)

40 Nm

(B)

160 Nm

(C)

240 Nm

(D)

320 Nm

MCQ 109

Which of the following methods are suitable for the speed control of squirrel cage induction motors ?

1. Voltage control

2. Rotor resistance control

3. Frequency control

4. Pole changing method

Select the correct answer using the codes given below :

(A)

2, 3 and 4

(B)

1, 3 and 4

(C)

1, 2 and 3

(D)

2 and 4

MCQ 110

A capacitor-start single-phase induction motor is used for :

(A) Easy to start loads

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(B)

Medium start loads

(C)

Hard to start loads

(D)

Any type of start loads

IES EE Topic wise 2001-2008 Electrical Machines

MCQ 111

In hand-tool applications, which one of the following single-phase motors is used ?

(A)

Shaded pole motor

(B)

Capacitor start motor

(C)

Capacitor run motor

(D)

AC series motor

MCQ 112

Capacitor run motor (D) AC series motor MCQ 112 What is the phase displacement between primary
Capacitor run motor (D) AC series motor MCQ 112 What is the phase displacement between primary

What is the phase displacement between primary and secondary

voltages for a star-delta, 3-phase transformer connection shown above

?

(A)

30 c lagging

(B)

30 c leading

(C)

0 c

(D)

180 c

(B) 30 c leading (C) 0 c (D) 180 c MCQ 113 What is the shunt

MCQ 113

What is the shunt resistance component in equivalent circuit obtained by no load test of an induction motor representative of ?

(A)

windage and frictional losses only

(B)

core losses only

(C)

core, windage and frictional losses

(D)

copper losses

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IES EE Topic wise 2001-2008 Electrical Machines www.gatehelp.com MCQ 114 A 400 V D.C. shunt motor

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MCQ 114

A 400 V D.C. shunt motor takes 5 A at no-load. R

Ω

. What is the ratio of speed from full load to no-load, when the D.C.

shunt motor takes 50 A on full load ?

a

=

0.5

Ω

, R

f

=

200

(A)

0.94

(B)

0.8