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1. Aggiornamento – Roman Catholic modernization.

It was after the aggiornamento that the base of this contemporary world was
founded
2. Rhetoric – Persuasive speech or writing
Rhetorical way of conveying must be adopted, practiced and appreciated now a
days, it has become a necessity today.
3. Preamble – Start of a speech or document or report
It is the preamble that makes the first impression right away in the minds of the
people
4. Aristocracy – People of high class
Aristocracy is still practiced in most of the governments worldwide.
5. Preemptive – Done before others can act
Preemptive strikes by American drones are a big breach in the sovereignty of
Pakistan.
6. Blasphemy – disrespect for religion
It is the blasphemy of religion that we borne the difficulties we face with so much
misery and so much pain that it rattles even humanity itself.
7. Discrepancy – Failure to match
8. Vainest – Excessively proud, unsuccessful
Today the vainest of us are those who are the most ignorant.
9. Limelight – focus of attention
Only celebs are in the limelight these days.
10.Convoluted – having many twists. Extremely intricate
Christopher Nolan directs movies with convolute stories and very thrilling drama.
11.Zeitgeist – spirit of time
The zeitgeist of time is entertainment and globalization of culture
12.Contemporary – existing, present
The contemporary world no longer is in the darkness of superstitions and
uncertainty
Cognitive - relating to the process of acquiring knowledge by the use of reasoning,
intuition, or perception.
Cognitive sciences is one of the most important new subject of study for
researchers
13.Infidel – kaafir, murtad
Infidels should not be called as non Muslims but as kaafirs or infidels
14.Creed – Statement of beliefs
The creed of a businessman is his sentiment of profitability.
15.Vice – Immoral habit
Vices should be eradicated from the norms of the youngsters.
16.Aura - distinctive quality
It is the aura of scientist that they think critically.
17.Laureate – Award winner
John is a laureate in his career.
18.Endeavor – Try to do something
We must always endeavor to think the undone.
19.Subtle – Slight, ingenious, delicate
Subtle decisions are made by the court to prevent prejudice and injustice.
20.Relic – Thing surviving from the past
Modesty is still a relic surviving alone from the past.
21.Ominous – Threatening
It has been an ominous situation for the wise to better the conditions of their people
22.Scrawny – unhealthy, thin, bony
Prolonged diet can make you scrawny and hunger can make you weak and very
much delicate.
23.Slink – to walk secretly or sexily
The slink walk of girls is actually harm to their personality, they must choose
between fashion and modesty.
24.Sliver – Small piece
The slivers of reminiscences sometime steal my time and take me in the past.
25.Sallow – Unnaturally yellow
Fever and hepatitis make you extremely sallow and pale.
26.Reminiscences – Recollection of the past
Reminiscences from the past are always a pleasure for an old soul
27.Stint – Be miserly
The stint behavior of the presidents of Pakistan has always left us in ignominy.
28.Apportion – Divide something among many
Apportion of wealth can eradicate the suffering of many people all around the
globe
29.Obnoxious – Objectionable, very offensive and unpleasant
The behavior of the teachers now a day is obnoxious to their profession.
30.Oblivious – Unaware, Forgetting
Islam does not demand to be followed obliviously.
31.Emblazoned – Make somebody or something famous
The feats of the athlete emblazoned his future.
32.Benign – Harmless, favorable, kindly
Benign behavior of parents for child is very obvious
33.Scrutinize – Examine
The scrutiny of the critics on the matter at hand is inevitable
34.Peril – Exposure to risk, danger
Now-a-days everybody is in a mortal peril.
35.Imperil – to expose someone/something to danger
Government has put the nation in the imperilment of every disaster.
36.Grime – Accumulated dirt
Cleanliness is half the faith. We must discipline ourselves and remove the
grime from our environment and from our own selves
37.Efficacious – Able to effect someone/something. (a cure in somebody’s
physical condition)

38.Revere – Treat somebody with admiring respect

39.Mystique – mysterious quality

40.Succinct – Brief and to the point

41.Incriminating – Make appear guilty

42.Mutilate – Damage something seriously

43.Vilify – To make abusive statements about somebody

44.Impervious – Not responsive

45.Pseudo – not genuine

46.Bourgeoisie – Middle class people

47.Delusion – false belief

48.Bickering – unimportant arguing

49.Op-ed – Page opposite to editorial page


50.Strenuous – forceful

51.Slandering – saying something false and damaging

52.Vociferating – Shout out

53.Conundrum – Word puzzle

54.Posterior – Coming after, behind

55.Incumbent – obligatory, in office, on top of something

56. Leitmotif – main recurring theme

57.Grotesque – distorted, misshapen in a very strange manner

58.Lament – be sad about something, to express sorrow about something

59.Transcendental – not experienced but knowable, relating to mystical or


supernatural experience

60.Espoused – to adopt or support, to marry somebody

61.Vein – mood, layer, streak (long thin stripe of color that is different from
the background)

62.Hemorrhage – uncontrolled loss of something, excessive bleeding

63.Blunt – not sharp, frank or honest without sensitivity, lessen or weaken an


emotion

64.Barring – except for something (barring delays, we’ll come this afternoon.)

65.Yew – evergreen tree (most parts of this tree are considered to be


poisonous)

66.Sumptuously – extravagant, splendid, grand in appearance

67.Silhouette – shadowed contour, something dark against light background


68.Contingent – dependent on what may happen, possible but not certain

69.Forlorn – lonely and miserable, hopeless, deprived of something

70.Envisage – conceiving or contemplating a future possibility

71.Obituary – announcement of death (especially in a newspaper)

72.Somber – dark and gloomy

73.Demeanor – somebody’s behavior, manner (especially as reflected in the


character)

74.Sentinel – guard, to stand guard over something or a group of people

75.Emaciated – extremely thin (especially because of starvation or illness)

76.Flabbergasted – astonish somebody utterly

77.Euphoria – extreme happiness

78.Ignominy – disgrace and dishonor, total loss of dignity

79.Assuaged – relieve something unpleasant (with all his assurances he could


not assuage her fears)

80.Mantle – transferred or inherited position, covering

81.Quiescent – inactive or at rest

82.Skeptically – doubtful

83.Cynically – distrustful of human nature, doubting of human nature like


goodness, motives and sincerity to others, sarcastic

84.Euphemism – less offensive synonym (a word used in place of harsh and


direct words e.g ‘collateral damage’ is a euphemism for the injury to
civilians in a military operation)

85.Fable – story that teaches a lesson, legend


86.Acumen – sharpness of mind, quick insight

87.Meddled – to interfere or get involved in somebody else’s concerns

88.Fidgeted – move around nervously

89.Pedestal – position of being exalted or admired, base or support of a


column

90.Plight – 1.Unfortunate condition, 2. make a vow (especially when


promising to marry)

91.Approbation – expression of approval, consent

92.Paraphernalia – assorted (various, arranged) objects or equipment, often


things which are amusing strange or irritating, 2. Wedding gifts to wife

93.Traits – individual characteristics

94.Monotonous – uninteresting or boring due to repetitious

95.Haughty – behaving in a superior or arrogant way

96.Matador – bull fighter

97.Nag – ask repeatedly, always criticizing, old horse

98. Sarcastic – mocking, characterized by words that mean the opposite


of what they seem to say

99.Reprimanding – to rebuke somebody for wrongdoing

100. Lavish – abundant, generous

101. Nepotism – favoritism shown to relatives

102. Sap – bodily strength, energy, slang insult an offensive term

103. Exegesis – analysis of text, explanation of text


104. Palpably – intense (the palpable tension in the room)

105. Dissonance –unpleasant noise, inconsistency between actions and


beliefs

106. Bigotry – prejudice and intolerance

107. Conclave – secret meeting (meeting to select roman catholic pope)

108. Perverted – deviating from what is proper (unusual sexual activities)

109. Infallible – incapable of making a mistake, failing or erring

110. Melancholy – feeling or making somebody feel a thoughtful gentle


sadness

111. Buckling –

112. Anguish – extreme anxiety or emotional torment

113. Derogatory – expressing a low opinion or negative criticism

114. Physiognomy – facial features (when used to judge someone’s


temperament)

115. Scuttle – small hatch

116. Intricacies – complexity

117. Inclement – showing little mercy

118. Insurmountable – too great to overcome

119. Delinquency – neglect of obligation, failure to fulfill an obligation,


commitment, unlawful behavior by young people

120. Pinnacle – Highest point


121. Persecution – harassment or oppression of a group of people on racist
basis

122. Archaic – outmoded, no longer useful or efficient

123. Proletarian – related to a working class, person of lowest status and


possess no property

124. Exacerbate – make worse

125. Solicit – to plead for something

126. Abyss – Void, endless situation, chasm

127. Whining – to complain in unreasonable and repeated way, complain


peevishly

128. Catharsis – emotional release

129. Debilitate – make somebody or something weak

130. Morpheme – smallest unit of speech

131. Egomania – obsessive self preoccupation

132. Bibliomania – obsession with books

133. Clandestine – secret, secret that needs to be concealed because it is


illegal or unauthorized

134. Allegiance – loyalty to the ruler or state

135. Apathy – emotional emptiness, lack of energy and enthusiasm

136. Avert – prevent something from happening

137. Naïve – extremely simple and trusting

138. Coup – seizure of political power by military, feat of bravery


139. Evangelism – spreading of Christianity, crusading zeal, great
enthusiasm

140. Culminate – to reach the highest point of development

141. Respite – brief interval or rest

142. Abomination – something horrible, intense dislike

143. Despicable – Dreadful, shameful

144. Audacity - boldness, courage, daring

145. Mosaic – picture made with small colored pieces (something in


componants)

146. Conscientious – dutiful, careful, showing great care, painstaking

147. Sapling - A small tree, a young person

148. Cynicism – distrustful of human nature, values and motives of good,

149. Epiphany – sudden realization

150. Ferment – Stir up something, or to develop

151. Revamp – alter for something better

152. veritable - absolute

153. Eulogy – spoken or written tribute

154. Novelty – newness, freshness, originality

155. Myopia – short sightedness

156. Preposterous – outrageous, absurd


157. Albatross – large seabird that spends most of the life flying,
oppressive burden

158. Egalitarian – believing in equality

159. Muse – think, reflect

160. Serendipity – stroke of luck, accidental discovery of something


fortunate

161. Extortion – charging of high price, taking something by force

162. Melancholia – psychiatric depression

163. Vendetta – prolonged feud, dispute

164. Transpire – secret become known

165. Laconic -- brief

166. Ruse – something done to deceive others

167. Prodigy – somebody with exceptional talent

168. Contagion – spread of disease by physical contact

169. Fraternity – men with something common

170. Prometheus – titan who gave fire, promethean is boldly creative

171. Agog – intensely interested

172. Injunction – command, court order

173. Incipient – beginning to develop

174. Hurtle – move very fastly


175. To get blood out of stone – to do something very difficult

176. To meet one half way – to come to a compromise

177. Apprise – to inform somebody

178. Annul – make something invalid

179. Surmise – make guess about something

180. Amenities – social pleasantries

181. Whims – a sudden thought, passing impulse

182. Imperative – necessary

183. Approbation – approval

184. Aberrances –deviating from what is normal or desirable

185. Predicament – difficult situation

186. Poised – calm self-assured dignity, equilibrium

187. Sleuth – same as detective

188. Egoism – pursuit of one’s own welfare

189. Disparage – to belittle something, to criticize

190. Ovation – loud and long applause especially from a crowd

191. Beef up – strengthen something, make something important

192. At daggers drawn – angry and ready to fight


193. Eschew – to avoid something intentionally or to give up

194. Robust – strong and healthy, full of vigor

195. Stipulate – specify something, describe exactly how something must


be done

196. Partisan – support any side blindly

197. Stupefy – astonish, make somebody unable to think clearly

198. Dope – fool

199. Sycophantic – flatterer who flatters someone powerful for personal


gain

200. Transfix – make somebody immobile with shock

201. Cliché – overused expression, word or phrase that has lost its original
effectiveness by overuse

202. Rue – feel regretful

203. Remnant – trace of something

204. Discourse – serious writing

205. Repercussions – rebound, reflection

206. Moratorium – agreed period of delay

207. Epitaph – writing on grave/tombstone

208. Dilapidated – to fall into decay with neglect

209. Rampant – happening in an unrestrained manner, growing wildly


(botany)
210. Obliterated – destroy utterly

211. Shorn – deprived of something

212. Tumult – emotional upheaval or agitation

213. Variegated – having patches of different colors, diverse

214. Imbecile – offensive term that insults somebody’s intellect

215. Pillage – steal possessions, plunder (to rob) place

216. Purge – get rid of opponents/guilt or sin

217. Impetus – push

218. Reprobate – Someone immoral

219. Mea culpa – expressing guilt or fault

220. Fluster – make or become confused

221. Don – to pun on a garment

222. Leap at – to eagerly accept chance to do or to have something

223. Immaculate – be perfect without mistakes, faultless, clean

224. Indictment – accusation before grand jury

225. Albeit – even though, introduced to modify a statement just made

226. Helm – position of control

227. Laud – praise somebody


228. Hassle – difficulty, trouble, experiencing an annoying situation

229. Vanguard – leading position of a movement

230. Diaspora – dispersion of people, culture,language

231. Vis-à-vis – face to face

232. Modus operandi – Method

233. Don Juan – man with multiple sex partners

234. Sublime – complete beautiful, morally worthy

235. Phlegmatic – unexcitable, without expressions, unemotional

236. Propitious – kind, favorable to lead to success

237. Caprice – impulsive tendency, sudden change

238. Boisterous – noisy, energetic and rowdy

239. Cede – surrender something

240. Inveterate – firmly established, habitual

241. Vindicate – justify somebody or something

242. Nepotism – favoritism shown to family members

243. Give an inch – Once sign of weakness is shown to others that results
in their making further demands

244. Pivotal – vitally important

245. Proliferate – increase greatly, produce rapidly


246. Dynamism – vigorous and forceful quality

247. Hunker down – start serious work on something

248. Buoyant – lighthearted, cheerful

249. Redeem – take back, atone for human sin, restore reputation

250. Nitty-gritty – basic facts of anything

251. Make a name for oneself – become famous

252. Inadvertent – careless, done unintentionally

253. Intimidate – persuade or dissuade by frightening

254. Hubris – pride, excessive ambition

255. Go about your business – do what usually one does

256. Affable – friendly, courteous

257. Skim – scoop something from surface top, glance through bookj or
paper

258. Certitude – feeling of certainty

259. Go with the stream – do what others are doing

260. Docile – quiet and easy to control, influence or persuade

261. Undulating – like waves

262. Swarthy – with dark complexion

263. Bleak – unwelcoming, discouraging


264. Somber – dark and gloomy

265. Wooed – seek something, seeking women’s love

266. Sullen – hostilely silent

267. Sorrel – salad plant

268. Amble – slow walk

269. Hemlock – poisonous plant, poisonous

270. Lolling – lounge in relaxed way, droop

271. Slouching – walk or sit in a lazy way

272. Impute – attribute bad habit or quality to someone

273. Brawny – muscular and strong looking

274. Indignation – anger at unfairness

275. Simmer – growing anger

276. Sonorous – resonant, producing sound

277. Psalm – sacred song or poem of praise

278. Muse – think, reflect, source of inspiration for a poet or artist

279. Persnickety – obsessed with detail, snobbish

280. Disavow – renounce, deny

281. Fiasco – humiliating failure

282. Owing to – because of


283. Dejected – lack of hop, very unhappy feeling

284. Jeopardize – put in danger, endanger

285. Lofty - very high

286. Morbid – interested in gruesome, macabre subjects like death, murder

287. Mollify – pacify something, make it less intense

288. Recalcitrant – resisting authority

289. Voluptuous – indulgent, inclined towards living a life of sensual


pleasure

290. Chaffing – tease somebody lightheartedly.

291. Trudge – walk wearily

292. Flamboyant – showy, audacious

293. Harangue – criticize loudly

294. Prevaricate – to get out of telling the truth

295. Loathsome – repulsive, arousing intense dislike and disgust

296. Jaunty – carefree, casual, perky

297. Condescending – snobby, feeling of being superior to others


(intellectually or socially)

298. Admonish – rebuke somebody, advise somebody

299. Barge – freight boat, open boat


300. Smolder – exist in background, burn slowly, suppressed emotions

301. Scoundrel – villain

302. Scourge – tormentor, whip

303. Condescension – kind manner

304. Empathy – understanding of other’s feelings

305. Apathy – lack of enthusiasm or energy

306. Diabolical – of devil, evil

307. Bastion – strong supporter

308. Precipice – high cliff, dangerous situation

309. Cumbersome – heavy or bulky, problematic

310. Dupes – victim of deceit

311. Abject – miserable, humble

312. Comatose – in coma, unable to function

313. Serene – calm and untroubled, cloudless

314. Composure – emotional control

315. Erudite – very knowledgeable through study

316. Adroit – skillful

317. Bellwether – indicator of future, leader

318. Barometer – indicator of mood, equipment to measure pressure


319. Proselyte – somebody converted to new belief

320. Panhandler – beg money from strangers

321. Embezzle – misuse of entrusted money

322. Abduct – to remove somebody by force

323. Cynosure – center of attention

324. Morass – something that overwhelms

325. Tirade – long angry speech

326. Liturgy – form of worship, communion service of Christians

327. Bowdlerize – remove parts of literary work

328. Bibulous – tending to drink

329. Rapacious – destructive and vicious

330. Gluttonous – excessive eating habit

331. Recital – solo or group performance, detailed account

332. Therapeutic – maintaining health

333. Slander – false and damaging statement

334. Unequivocal – unambiguous

335. Contorted – very much twisted, overlapping

336. Lax – not strict, not tense


337. Ancillary – subordinate, providing support

338. Concomitant – happening at same time

339. Buffet- self service meal, repeated blow by hand

340. Virtuoso – exceptional performer, talented person

341. Bawdy – ribald or coarse and funny in cruel manner

342. Maverick – independent person

343. Barring – except for

344. Culpable – guilty

345. Curbing – lining on edge of street, imposed limitation

346. Exonerated – free somebody from blame or guilt

347. Callousness – hard hearted

348. Brevity – briefness, use of few words

349. Fortitude – determination

350. Sybarite – somebody seeking sensual gratification

351. Indigence – destitution or extreme poverty

352. Enervate – weaken

353. Folly – irrational thing, unreason

354. Succinct – brief and to the point

355. Discursive – lengthy, having extra material not necessary


356. Abstruse – obscure

357. Furtive – secretive

358. Meticulous – precise and painstaking

359. Cryptic – secretive

360. Cursory – very quick

361. Scanty – not much, inadequate

362. Diatribe – bitter criticism

363. Satire – use of wit to describe behavior

364. Panegyric – praise

365. Laudatory – expressing praise

366. Eulogy – spoken or written tribute

367. Martinet – military disciplinarian

368. Balletomane – ballet lover

369. Chorus – large group of singers

370. Palisade – fence

371. Cloister – place of seclusion

372. Humdrum – dull

373. Chronic – long lasting


374. Ecstatic – dominated by emotion

375. Vex – annoy somebody, agitate

376. Vindicate – show somebody to be blameless, justify someone

377. Rue – feel regretful

378. Appall – cause shock or distrust

379. Laurel – bay shaped leaves given to the victorious in ancient times as
a sign

380. Importune – bother somebody insistently

381. Permeate – spread through

382. Rueful – regretful

383. Aver – to assert confidently

384. Apprise – inform somebody

385. Appraise – valuate something, assess merits or quality

386. Stultify – diminish interest, make someone feel stupid

387. Enliven – make brighter, invigorate

388. Importunity – persistent demand, zidd

389. Phalanx – tight group

390. Internecine – mutually destructive

391. Throe – spasm, pang


392. Savant – learned person

393. Imbue – fill something with particular quality

394. Reverie – daydream

395. Brazenly – bold and unshamed

396. Aggrandizement – enlarge, improve status

397. Cussedness – annoyingness

398. Belch – release gas from mouth

399. Proffer – hold something out

400. Raucous – loud, noisy

401. Fulminating – speak scathingly,

402. Demure – looking shyly modest

403. Insipid – dull, flavorless

404. Ingratiating – seek to please somebody

405. Bland – insipid, unemotional

406. Dilettante – desultory, dabbler in art or knowledge

407. Mellow – easy going, soft in tone, smooth in taste

408. Effusive – unrestrained in expressing feelings

409. Crescendo – intensification, loudness of music


410. Effeminate - offensive term: an offensive term used to describe a man
whose behavior, appearance, or speech is considered to be similar to that
traditionally associated with women or girls

411. Bistable – having two stable states

412. Frisson – thrill

413. Primness - formal

414. Concomitant – happening at same time

415. Idiosyncratic – unusual response to something, quirky

416. Recursive – self repeating

417. Lambent – softly glowing, gleaming

418. Biliously – nauseatingly unpleasant

419. Petulance – sulky, ill mannered

420. Tacit – implied but not expressed

421. Bane – something that causes misery