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Section A
[20 marks]
Answer all the questions in this section.

1. Diagram 1 shows an apparatus is set up to study electrical conductivity of substances.

Diagram 1
Table 1 shows the result of this experiment

Ammeter’s reading /A
Type of substances
Solid state Molten state

Lead powder 2.3 2.0


Sulphur powder 0.0 0.0
Lead (II) Bromide 0.0 1.8

(a) State one hypothesis for this experiment.


…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]
(b) State the manipulated variable in this experiment
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]
(c) How the constant variable is fixed in this experiment
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]
(d) State one inference for this experiment
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]

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(e) Based on table 1, match the type and the name of substance correctly.

Type of substance Name of substance

Atomic substance Naphthalene

Molecular substance Magnesium

Ionic substance Copper (II) chloride


[1 mark]

2. Diagram 2 shows an experiment to study the colour appears when yellow book is put
under coloured light.

Diagram 2
Table 2 shows the result of the experiment.

Type of colour Blue light Green light Red light

Colour appear Black Green Red

(a) State the variable for this experiment:


(i) Manipulated variable:
………………………………………………………
(ii) Constant variable:
………………………………………………………
[2 marks]

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(b) (i) What is the observation at X on the diagram 2?


…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark]
(iii) Based on the observation in 2 (b)(i), state one inference.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark]
(c) What is the colour appear if yellow book is replace with green book at Z in Diagram 2?
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

3. Diagram 3 shows an experiment to study the reaction of metal with acid. Gases released
by the reaction are collected every 2 minutes.

Diagram 3
Table 3 shows the result of this experiment.

Time / minute 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14
Volume of gases /cm3 0 7 13 17 19 21 22 22

Table 3

(a) Based on table 3, the volume of gases releases the most


From minute ……………… to minute ……………..
[1 mark]

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(b) Using the data in table 2, draw a graph of volume of gases against time.

[2 marks]
(c) What is the relationship between the volume of gases and time?
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]
(d) Predict the volume of gases released by the reaction on the 15th minutes.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

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4. Diagram 4 shows the process of purifying of metal.

Diagram 4

Diagram 4

The mass of metal deposited at the cathode is recorded in Table 4.

Time /minute 2 4 6 8 10

Mass of copper
deposited / g 1 1.9 2.8 3.7 4.7

Table 4
(a) Using the data in the Table 4 draw a graph to show the mass of copper against time

5
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(b) Based on the graph in 4 (a) state the mass of copper deposited on the 5th minute.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
(c) State the relation between mass of deposited copper and time.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
(d) Which electrode is an anode?
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Section B
[30 marks]
Answer all the questions in this section.

5. Diagram 5 shows a simple radio transmitter circuit.

Diagram 5.1
(a) Complete the circuit in Diagram 5.1 by drawing a symbol of an
amplifier
[1 mark]

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(b) Diagram 5.2 shows the audio waves moves to amplifier. Draw the
shape of the audio wave at Z in the box provided.

Diagram 5.2

(c) State the function of X and Y.


X : ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
Y : ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
[2 marks]
(d) Diagram 5.3 shows four types of waves. Mark (√) on the modulation wave.

Diagram 5.3
[2 marks]

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6.

Diagram 6

The above diagram 6 shows the warning symbol for certain substances.

(a) What type of substances is linked to the above symbol?


…………………………………………………………………………………......................................................
[1 mark]
(b) Give a brief description of the substances which you mentioned in (a).
………………………………...………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]
(c) Give two examples of substances that are labelled with the warning symbol.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………….................................
[2 marks]
(d) A substance that is labelled with the warning symbol can release dangerous
radiation. State the types of radiations.
……………………………………………………………………………….……………………................................
[1 mark]

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7. Diagram 3 shows the label on a carton of orange juice.

(a) Why is food processed?


…………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
(b) What is the best method to process the orange juice?
…………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
(c) How is the method mentioned in (b) carried out?
…………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
(d) What is the advantage of using the method mentioned in (b)?
…………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
(e) What is the information which is missing in the label according to the Food Act 1983?
…………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
(f) What is used as a sweetener in this orange juice?
…………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]

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8. Diagram 8 shows a part of periodic table.

Diagram 8

(a) Name the proton number for element Q and R in the box provided in Diagram 5.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]
(b) Which two elements have similar chemical properties?
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[2 marks]
(c) Based on the Diagram 8, which element is a semimetal?
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]
(d) State one properties of element T.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]
(e) Based on the Diagram 5, which elements is a transition element?
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]

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9. Diagram 9 shows the location of endocrine glands in human.

Diagram 9

(a) Name the glands P and Q in the boxes provided in the Diagram 9.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]
(b) State the effect if the gland P secretes excess on hormone.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]
(c) What is the effect to human if gland Q is not function?
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]
(d) (i) Mark (X) on Diagram 9 to show the gland that secretes hormone when some in fear.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark]
(ii) Name the hormone being secreted by this gland.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark]

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10. Study the following statement

Reactivity of metals with acid is different.

You are given hydrochloric acid, magnesium, zinc and iron and other apparatus.
(a) Suggest a hypothesis to investigate the above statement
[1 mark]
(b) Describe one experiment to test your hypothesis in 10(a) based on the following criteria.
i. Aim of the experiment
[1 mark]
ii. Identification of variables
[2 marks]
iii. List of apparatus and materials
[1 marks]
iv. Procedure and method
[4 marks]
v. Tabulation of data
[1 mark]

11. (a) State two differences between metal and non-metal and give one suitable
example in
each case.
[4 marks]
(b) Diagram 11 shows three types of substance. You have a task to build a statue height 5 feet
under the financial constraint by using any of substance.

Pewte Bronz
Steel
r e

Choose the most suitable substance to build the statue.


Explain you choice based on the following:
 Aim of choice.
[1 mark]
 Explanation on the advantages or disadvantages of each type of substance based
on their properties and value.
[3 marks]
 List the type of substance according to its priority.

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[1 mark]
 The reason for your choice.
[1 mark]

12. (a) State two differences between continuous variation and discontinuous variation.
Give one suitable example of variation for each case.
[4 marks]
(b) Diagram 12 shows four effects of mutation on human.

Down’s
syndrome

Turner’s
Hemophilia syndrome
Mutation

Colour
blindness

Diagram 12
Study the effect in the Diagram 12 and construct the concept of mutation.
Your answer should include the following:
o Identify two common characteristics
[2 marks]
o Give one other example of mutation
[1 mark]
o Give one example of non-mutation and give reason for your choice
[2 marks]
o Relate the common characteristic to construct the concept of mutation.
[1 mark]

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