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BLUE

 ECONOMY  IN  INDONESIA:  


CHALLENGES  AND  OPPORTUNITIES  
 
Minister  of  Marine  Affairs  and  Fisheries  
Republic  of  Indonesia  
 
Indonesia’s  marine  &  fisheries  resources  are  underopKmized  

PotenKal  
•  2nd  longest  coastline  in  the  world  (95.181  km)  
•  Marine  area  of  5,8  million  km2    or  
approximately  2/3  of  Indonesia’s  total  area:  
•  Territorial  Sea:    3,1  million  km2    
•  Exclusive  Economic  Zone  (EEZ):  2,7  million  km2  

EXPORT   IMPORT  
NO   Country   VOLUME VALUE VOLUME NILAI
(TON)   (000 USD)   (TON)   (000 USD)   Current  CondiKons  
1   China   3.953.311   20.336.173   4.276.998   8.564.044  
•  Ranked  3rd  for  fisheries  export  in  ASEAN  
2   Thailand   1.573.742   7.153.102   1.900.729   3.452.275  
•  Revenue  contribuQon  from  fisheries  only  Rp.  
3   Viet Nam   1.347.961   5.728.260   1.094.500   3.441.725   227  billion  (2013)  
4   Indonesia   1.258.179   4.181.857   353.263   456.828   •  UQlizaQon  rate  of  fish  processing  units  only  an  
5   Philippines   549.318   1.502.793   457.012   406.482   average  of  56,09%  (2013)  
6   Australia   389.301   1.325.475   371.662   1.792.379  
•  ExploitaQon  of  fish  resources  have  reached  
7   Malaysia   173.261   810.290   220.395   1.112.076  
criQcal  points  in  several  fishing  grounds  (2013)  

MINISTRY OF MARINE AFFAIRS & FISHERIES


Securing  ImplementaKon  of  the  President’s  Vision:    
The  Sea  as  the  Future  of  Our  NaKon  

“ We  have  to  strive  to  restore  Indonesia  as  a  mariQme  country.  The  oceans,  the  
seas,  the  straits  and  the  bays  are  our  future.  We  have  been  turning  our  backs  on  
them  for  too  long.  Now  is  the  Qme  to  restore  all  unQl  “Jalesveva  Jayamahe,  in  
our  seas  we  are  triumphant”  reechoes  just  like  our  ancestors  did  in  the  past  

 
President  Joko  Widodo,  20  October  2014  

Sovereignty

Sustainability Prosperity

MMAF  2015-­‐2019  Strategic  Plan

MINISTRY OF MARINE AFFAIRS & FISHERIES


Sovereignty  :  The  Fight  to  Eradicate  IUU  Fishing  

Audit   Roadmap  to  Improve  


Sink  captured  IUU   Compliance     Governance  of  Fisheries  
fishing  vessels  (create   of  1,132     Business  
deterrent  effect)   ex-­‐foreign    
vessels  
Moratorium  for  ex  
foreign  fishing   GOOD    
vessel  
Ministerial  RegulaQon  56/2014  
GOVERNANCE  

Strengthening  law  enforcement:  


Ban  on   -­‐  CoordinaKon  with  navy,  water  police,  tax  
Transshipment   administraKon  office  and  FIU  
Ministerial  RegulaQon  57/2014   -­‐  ImplementaKon  of  corporate  criminal  liability  
  -­‐  Imposing  administraKve  sancKons  (based  on  
Establishment  of  Task   the  findings  in  the  audit  compliance)  
Force  to  Prevent  and  
Combat  IUU  Fishing  
 
MINISTRY OF MARINE AFFAIRS & FISHERIES
Sovereignty  :  The  Fight  to  Eradicate  IUU  Fishing  

The  moratorium  have  also  uncovered  the  ugly  truth  about  IUU  Fishing  and  human  
trafficking...

Trafficked  foreign  fishermen  operaKng  on   Trafficked  Indonesian  fishermen  operaKng  on  
foreign  vessels  in  Indonesian  waters foreign  vessels  in  foreign  waters

Myanmar,  LaoKan  and  Cambodian  fishermen  in  Benjina   Indonesian  fishermen  on  Korean/Taiwanese  vessels  in  
New  Zealand  

MINISTRY OF MARINE AFFAIRS & FISHERIES


Sustainability:  Ensuring  the  Fish  Exists  for  the  Fishermen  

Several  policies  are  in  place  to  ensure  the  sustainability  of  marine  and  fisheries  
resources  for  generaKons  to  come...
Ban  on  trade  of  undersized  &  berried   Ban  on  using  seine  net  and  trawls  
crustaceans  (Ministerial  RegulaKon  01/2015) (Ministerial  RegulaKon  02/2015)
8  cm   15cm   10  cm  

>  300  gram   >  350  gram   >  55  gram  

Ban  on  fishing  in  tuna  breeding  &  spawning   ProtecKon  of  Coral  Reefs  and  Ban  on  
ground  (Ministerial  RegulaKon  04/2015) DestrucKve  Fishing  Methods

MINISTRY OF MARINE AFFAIRS & FISHERIES


Prosperity:  Guaranteeing  the  Livelihood  of  our  Stakeholders  

We  are  commiged  to  uKlize  our  resources  for  our  targeted  beneficiaries  and  
stakeholders:  fishermen,  fish  farmers,  processors  and  exporters...

Self  sufficiency  of   Integrated  small  islands   Marine  &  fisheries  


household  salt development technopark  development

Value  added  producKon   Affordable  prices  for   SimplificaKon  of  cerKficaKon  


for  seaweed aquaculture  feed &  reducKon  of  tariffs

MINISTRY OF MARINE AFFAIRS & FISHERIES


The  Upside  of  Fisheries  Reform  are  Quickly  Visible  

Fisheries  growth  in  Q1  of  2015  grew  above  the   ...and  fishermen  have  tesKfied  about  the  
average  naKonal  growth... increase  of  size  and  producKon  of  their  catch

 10.00    

 9.00      8.64    

 8.00      7.46    
 6.77    
 7.00    

 6.00      5.61    
 5.28      5.14    
 4.71    
%    5.00      4.21    
 3.80    
 4.00    

 3.00    

 2.00    

 1.00    

 -­‐    
Triwulan  I  2013   Triwulan  I  2014   Triwulan   I  2015  
1st  Quarter  2013 1st  Quarter  2014 1st  Quarter  2015
Pertanian,  Peternakan,  Perburuan  dan  Jasa  Pertanian  
Agriculture,  Fisheries,  HunQng  and  Agriculture  Services  
 

Perikanan  
Fisheries  
 
Nasional  
NaQonal  

MINISTRY OF MARINE AFFAIRS & FISHERIES


BLUE  ECONOMY  IN  INDONESIA:  
CHALLENGES  AND  OPPORTUNITIES  
 
Minister  of  Marine  Affairs  and  Fisheries  
Republic  of  Indonesia  
 

MINISTRY OF MARINE AFFAIRS & FISHERIES