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Because Mars has a lower gravity than Earth, a person weighing 200 pounds on Earth would only

weigh 76 pounds on Mars.

 In physics, light refers to electromagnetic radiation. The light we normally talk about in
everyday life refers to the visible spectrum (the part of the electromagnetic spectrum that the
human eye can see).

 Other animals can see parts of the spectrum that humans can’t. For example, a large
number of insects can see ultraviolet (UV) light.
 UV light can be used to show things the human eye can’t see, coming in handy for forensic

Photosynthesis is a process that involves plants using energy from sunlight to convert carbon dioxide
into food.

 Most types of energy are either a form of kinetic energy or potential energy.

 Common examples include heat energy, elastic potential energy, chemical energy, sound
energy, nuclear energy, geothermal energy and gravitational potential energy.

 Kinetic energy refers to the energy an object has because of its movement. A car in motion
has kinetic energy, as does a basketball when you pass or shoot it.

 Energy can be transformed from one form to another. In lightning, electric potential energy
transforms into light, heat and sound energy.

 The law of conservation of energy states that energy can only be transformed, it can’t be
created or destroyed.
Stretched ru

bands and compressed springs are examples of elastic potential energy.