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PEPERIKSAAN PERTENGAHAN TAHUN 2016

SKEMA JAWAPAN
SAINS TINGKATAN 5

No Jawapan Markah
Soalan
1 (a) Arches - 4 Loops - 36 Whorls - 8 Composites - 16 2
(b) i Discontinous variation 1
ii It has clear cut differences in traits 1
(c) Blood Group √ Tongue rolling √ 1
Total : 5
2 (a) Seedling Q is stunted because the lack of nitrogen causing the protein cannot 1
be synthesized.
(b) i Type of culture solution/Presence of nitrogen 1
ii The condition of seedling growth 1
(c) Complete culture solution is the solution that/which produce normal growth to 1
the seedling.
(d) Maize seedling will die due to lack of nutrient/nitrogen. 1
Total : 5
3 (a) Line Graph 2
(b) Yeast 1
(c) Ethanol 1
(d) 35cm3 1
Total : 5
4 (a) The further the two metals in the reactivity series, the higher the voltage 1
produced.
(b) i Concentration of electrolyte / Volume of copper sulphate solution 1
ii Type of metal pairs. 1
(c) Cell 3 : Tin Cell 4: Magnesium 1
(d) Lead 1
Total : 5
5 (a) Transition metal 1
(b) i Element A 1
ii Element F 1
(c) From metal to non-metal 1
(d) Similar chemical properties 1
(e) Hydrogen gas 1
Total : 6
6 (a) Brass 1
(b) Making decorative items, musical instruments, food container 1
(c) Aeroplane √ Medals √ 2
(d) i. hard ii. strong iii. corrosive resistant 2
Total : 6
7 (a)i Q: Yellow R: Green 2
(b) Black 1
(c)i Violet 1
ii Yellow √ Blue √ 2
Total : 6
No Jawapan Markah
Soalan
8 (a) Saponification / Alkali hydrolysis 1
(b) By adding sodium chloride / salt 1
(c) Palm oil + sodium hydroxide soap + glycerol 1
(d) Soap has a pH of more than 7 / alkaline 1
(e) A: Hydrophobic/Tail/Hydrocarbon chain B: Hydrophilic/Head /Ionic end 2
Total : 6
9 (a) Radioactive decay 1
(b) i Particle R: Alpha particle 1
ii Particle S: Gamma ray 1
(c) i Carbon-14 √ Phosphorus-32 √ 2
ii Iodine-131 1
Total : 6

10 (a) Hypothesis : A steel nail is more resistant to corrosion (rusting) compared to 1


an iron nail.
(b)i Aim : To study the resistance of an alloy to corrosion. 1
ii Manipulated variable : Type of nails / Iron nail and steel nail 2
Responding variable : Rusting of the nail / Corrosion of the nail
Constant variable : Concentration of the sodium chloride solution
iii Apparatus and materials : Iron nail, steel nail, sodium chloride solution, 1
sandpaper and test tubes
iv Procedure / Method :
1. The apparatus was set up as shown in the diagram.
2.

Section C

10. (a) (b)i. ii.

iii.