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Maxigard Solenis New Zealand Ltd Chemwatch: 1075457 Version No: 1.0 Safety Data Sheet according to

Maxigard

Solenis New Zealand Ltd

Chemwatch: 1075457 Version No: 1.0 Safety Data Sheet according to HSNO Regulations

Chemwatch Hazard Alert Code: 3

Issue Date: 01/01/2013 Print Date: 04/07/2017 L.GHS.NZL.EN

SECTION 1 IDENTIFICATION OF THE SUBSTANCE / MIXTURE AND OF THE COMPANY / UNDERTAKING

Product Identifier

Product name

Proper shipping name

Other means of identification

Maxigard

CORROSIVE LIQUID, BASIC, INORGANIC, N.O.S.

Not Available

Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against

Relevant identified

uses

Use according to manufacturer's directions.

Details of the supplier of the safety data sheet

Registered company

 

name

Solenis New Zealand Ltd

Address

119 Carbine Rd, PO Box 132-347 Auckland 1644 New Zealand

Telephone

64

9 276 6620

Fax

64

9 276 6690

Website

 

Solenis.com

Email

nzorders@solenis.com

Emergency telephone number

Association /

Organisation

Emergency telephone

numbers

Other emergency

telephone numbers

Chemwatch

0080024362255

Not Available

SECTION 2 HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

Classification of the substance or mixture

Considered a Hazardous Substance according to the criteria of the New Zealand Hazardous Substances New Organisms legislation. Classified as Dangerous Goods for transport purposes.

CHEMWATCH HAZARD RATINGS

Min

Max

Flammability

0

Toxicity

2

Toxicity 2

Body Contact

2

Body Contact 2

Reactivity

0

Chronic

3

Chronic 3

0 = Minimum

1 = Low

2 = Moderate

3 = High

4 = Extreme

Classification [1]

Metal Corrosion Category 1, Acute Toxicity (Oral) Category 4, Skin Corrosion/Irritation Category 1A, Serious Eye Damage Category 1, Germ cell mutagenicity Category 2, Carcinogenicity Category 2, Reproductive Toxicity Category 1B, Acute Aquatic Hazard Category 2

Continued

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1075457 Version No: 1.0 Page 2 of 17 Maxigard Issue Date: 01/01/2013 Print Date: 04/07/2017 1.

Issue Date: 01/01/2013 Print Date: 04/07/2017

1. Classified by Chemwatch; 2. Classification drawn from CCID EPA NZ ; 3. Classification drawn from EC Directive 1272/2008 - Annex VI

6.1D (oral), 6.6B, 6.7B, 6.8A, 8.1A, 8.2A, 8.3A, 9.1D

Legend:

Determined by

Chemwatch using

GHS/HSNO criteria

Label elements

Hazard pictogram(s)

GHS/HSNO criteria Label elements Hazard pictogram(s) SIGNAL WORD DANGER Hazard statement(s) H290 May be

SIGNAL WORD

DANGER

SIGNAL WORD DANGER
SIGNAL WORD DANGER
SIGNAL WORD DANGER

Hazard statement(s)

H290

May be corrosive to metals.

H302

Harmful if swallowed.

H314

Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.

H341

Suspected of causing genetic defects.

H351

Suspected of causing cancer.

H360

May damage fertility or the unborn child.

H401

Toxic to aquatic life

Precautionary statement(s) Prevention

P201

Obtain special instructions before use.

P260

Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P280

Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P281

Use personal protective equipment as required.

P234

Keep only in original container.

P270

Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

P273

Avoid release to the environment.

Precautionary statement(s) Response

P301+P330+P331

P303+P361+P353

P305+P351+P338

P308+P313

P310

P363

P390

P301+P312

P304+P340

IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.

IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower.

IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.

Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.

Absorb spillage to prevent material damage.

IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.

IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.

Precautionary statement(s) Storage

P405

Store locked up.

Precautionary statement(s) Disposal

P501

Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local regulations.

SECTION 3 COMPOSITION / INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

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Mixtures

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CAS No

%[weight]

Name

7775-19-1

10-15

sodium metaborate

7631-99-4

5-10

sodium nitrate

Not Available

5-10

sodium borate

7632-00-0

1.5-5

sodium nitrite

Not Available

1.5-5

inorganic salts, as

1310-73-2

 

sodium hydroxide

1344-09-8

 

sodium metasilicate

SECTION 4 FIRST AID MEASURES

NZ Poisons Centre 0800 POISON (0800 764 766) | NZ Emergency Services: 111

Description of first aid measures

 

If this product comes in contact with the eyes:

Immediately hold eyelids apart and flush the eye continuously with running water.  If this product comes in contact with the eyes: Eye Contact Ensure complete irrigation of

Eye Contact

Ensure complete irrigation of the eye by keeping eyelids apart and away from eye and moving the eyelids by occasionally lifting the upper and lower lids.Eye Contact

Continue flushing until advised to stop by the Poisons Information Centre or a doctor, or for at least 15 minutes.eyelids by occasionally lifting the upper and lower lids. Transport to hospital or doctor without delay.

Transport to hospital or doctor without delay.Information Centre or a doctor, or for at least 15 minutes. Removal of contact lenses after

Removal of contact lenses after an eye injury should only be undertaken by skilled personnel.15 minutes. Transport to hospital or doctor without delay.   If skin contact occurs: Skin Contact

 

If skin contact occurs:

Skin Contact

Immediately remove all contaminated clothing, including footwear.

Immediately remove all contaminated clothing, including footwear.

Flush skin and hair with running water (and soap if available).

Flush skin and hair with running water (and soap if available).

Seek medical attention in event of irritation.

Seek medical attention in event of irritation.

 
If

If

fumes or combustion products are inhaled remove from contaminated area.

Lay patient down. Keep warm and rested.

Lay patient down. Keep warm and rested.

Prostheses such as false teeth, which may block airway, should be removed, where possible, prior

Prostheses such as false teeth, which may block airway, should be removed, where possible, prior to initiating first aid procedures.

Apply artificial respiration if not breathing, preferably with a demand valve resuscitator, bag-valve mask device,

Apply artificial respiration if not breathing, preferably with a demand valve resuscitator, bag-valve mask device, or pocket mask as trained. Perform CPR if necessary.

Transport to hospital, or doctor, without delay.

Transport to hospital, or doctor, without delay.

Inhalation

Inhalation of vapours or aerosols (mists, fumes) may cause lung oedema.

Inhalation of vapours or aerosols (mists, fumes) may cause lung oedema.

Corrosive substances may cause lung damage (e.g. lung oedema, fluid in the lungs).

Corrosive substances may cause lung damage (e.g. lung oedema, fluid in the lungs).

As this reaction may be delayed up to 24 hours after exposure, affected individuals need

As this reaction may be delayed up to 24 hours after exposure, affected individuals need complete rest (preferably in semi-recumbent posture) and must be kept under medical observation even if no symptoms are (yet) manifested.

Before any such manifestation, the administration of a spray containing a dexamethasone derivative or beclomethasone

Before any such manifestation, the administration of a spray containing a dexamethasone derivative or beclomethasone derivative may be considered.

This must definitely be left to a doctor or person authorised by him/her.

 

(ICSC13719)

 

IF SWALLOWED, REFER FOR MEDICAL ATTENTION, WHERE POSSIBLE, WITHOUT DELAY. 

For advice, contact a Poisons Information Centre or a doctor.REFER FOR MEDICAL ATTENTION, WHERE POSSIBLE, WITHOUT DELAY. Urgent hospital treatment is likely to be needed.

Urgent hospital treatment is likely to be needed.advice, contact a Poisons Information Centre or a doctor. In the mean time, qualified first-aid personnel

In the mean time, qualified first-aid personnel should treat the patient following observation and employing supportive measures as indicated by the patient's condition.a doctor. Urgent hospital treatment is likely to be needed. the services of a medical officer

the services of a medical officer or medical doctor are readily available, the patient should be placed in his/her care andIf

If

a

copy of the SDS should be provided. Further action will be the responsibility of the medical specialist.

Ingestion

medical attention is not available on the worksite or surroundings send the patient to a hospital together with a copy of the SDS.If

If

Where medical attention is not immediately available or where the patient is more than 15 minutes from a hospital or unless instructed otherwise:

INDUCE vomiting with fingers down the back of the throat, ONLY IF CONSCIOUS. Lean patient forward or place on left side (head-down position, if possible) to maintain open airway and prevent aspiration. NOTE: Wear a protective glove when inducing vomiting by mechanical means.

maintain open airway and prevent aspiration. NOTE: Wear a protective glove when inducing vomiting by mechanical

Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed

For acute or short-term repeated exposures to highly alkaline materials:

Respiratory stress is uncommon but present occasionally because of soft tissue edema.short-term repeated exposures to highly alkaline materials: Unless endotracheal intubation can be accomplished under

Unless endotracheal intubation can be accomplished under direct vision, cricothyroidotomy or tracheotomy may be necessary.stress is uncommon but present occasionally because of soft tissue edema. Oxygen is given as indicated.

Oxygen is given as indicated.intubation can be accomplished under direct vision, cricothyroidotomy or tracheotomy may be necessary. Continued

Continued

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The presence of shock suggests perforation and mandates an intravenous line and fluid administration.17 Maxigard Issue Date: 01/01/2013 Print Date: 04/07/2017 Damage due to alkaline corrosives occurs by liquefaction

Damage due to alkaline corrosives occurs by liquefaction necrosis whereby the saponification of fats and solubilisation of proteins allow deep penetration into the tissue. Alkalis continue to cause damage after exposure. INGESTION:and mandates an intravenous line and fluid administration. Milk and water are the preferred diluents No

Milk and water are the preferred diluents No more than 2 glasses of water should be given to an adult.Alkalis continue to cause damage after exposure. INGESTION: Neutralising agents should never be given since exothermic

Neutralising agents should never be given since exothermic heat reaction may compound injury.No more than 2 glasses of water should be given to an adult. * Catharsis and

* Catharsis and emesis are absolutely contra-indicated.

* Activated charcoal does not absorb alkali.

* Gastric lavage should not be used. Supportive care involves the following:

Withhold oral feedings initially.

Withhold oral feedings initially.

If endoscopy confirms transmucosal injury start steroids only within the first 48 hours.

If

endoscopy confirms transmucosal injury start steroids only within the first 48 hours.

Carefully evaluate the amount of tissue necrosis before assessing the need for surgical intervention.

Carefully evaluate the amount of tissue necrosis before assessing the need for surgical intervention.

Patients should be instructed to seek medical attention whenever they develop difficulty in swallowing (dysphagia).

Patients should be instructed to seek medical attention whenever they develop difficulty in swallowing (dysphagia).

SKIN AND EYE:

Injury should be irrigated for 20-30 minutes.develop difficulty in swallowing (dysphagia). SKIN AND EYE: Eye injuries require saline. For acute or repeated

Eye injuries require saline.

For acute or repeated short term exposures to boron and its compounds:

[Ellenhorn & Barceloux: Medical Toxicology]

Nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea and epigastric pain, haematemesis and blue-green discolouration of both faeces and vomitus

Nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea and epigastric pain, haematemesis and blue-green discolouration of both faeces and vomitus characterise adult boron

 

intoxication.

Access and correct any abnormalities found in airway and circulation.

Access and correct any abnormalities found in airway and circulation.

A tidal volume of 10-15 mg/kg should be maintained.

A

tidal volume of 10-15 mg/kg should be maintained.

Emesis should be induced unless the patient is in coma, is experiencing seizures or has

Emesis should be induced unless the patient is in coma, is experiencing seizures or has lost the gag reflex. If any of these are present, gastric lavage

should be performed with a large-bore tube after endotracheal intubation or in the presence of continuous respiratory action.

Activated charcoal is probably not of value though its use might be indicated following gastric

Activated charcoal is probably not of value though its use might be indicated following gastric evacuation. Catharsis might be useful to eliminate any borates remaining in the gastro-intestinal tract (magnesium sulfate: adults, 30 gms: children 250 mg/kg).

Peritoneal dialysis and haemodialysis remove some borates. [Ellenhorn and Barceloux: Medical Toxicology]

Peritoneal dialysis and haemodialysis remove some borates. [Ellenhorn and Barceloux: Medical Toxicology]

The toxicity of nitrates and nitrites result from their vasodilating properties and their propensity to form methaemoglobin.

Most produce a peak effect within 30 minutes.properties and their propensity to form methaemoglobin. Clinical signs of cyanosis appear before other symptoms

Clinical signs of cyanosis appear before other symptoms because of the dark pigmentation of methaemoglobin.Most produce a peak effect within 30 minutes. Initial attention should be directed towards improving

Initial attention should be directed towards improving oxygen delivery, with assisted ventilation, if necessary. Hyperbaric oxygen has not demonstrated conclusive benefits.symptoms because of the dark pigmentation of methaemoglobin. Institute cardiac monitoring, especially in patients with

Institute cardiac monitoring, especially in patients with coronary artery or pulmonary disease.Hyperbaric oxygen has not demonstrated conclusive benefits. Hypotension should respond to Trendelenburg's position

Hypotension should respond to Trendelenburg's position and intravenous fluids; otherwise dopamine may be needed.in patients with coronary artery or pulmonary disease. Naloxone, glucose and thiamine should be given if

Naloxone, glucose and thiamine should be given if a multiple ingestion is suspected.and intravenous fluids; otherwise dopamine may be needed. Decontaminate using Ipecac Syrup for alert patients or

Decontaminate using Ipecac Syrup for alert patients or lavage for obtunded patients who present within 2-4 hours of ingestion.should be given if a multiple ingestion is suspected. Symptomatic patients with methaemoglobin levels over 30%

Symptomatic patients with methaemoglobin levels over 30% should receive methylene blue.(Cyanosis alone, is not an indication for treatment). The usual dose is 1-2 mg/kg of a 1% solution (10 mg/ml) IV over 5 minutes; repeat, using the same dose if symptoms of hypoxia fail to subside within 1 hour.obtunded patients who present within 2-4 hours of ingestion. [ Ellenhorn and Barceloux: Medical Toxicology ]

[Ellenhorn and Barceloux: Medical Toxicology]

BIOLOGICAL EXPOSURE INDEX - BEI

These represent the determinants observed in specimens collected from a healthy worker who has been exposed at the Exposure Standard (ES or TLV):

Determinant

Index

Sampling Time

Comments

1. Methaemoglobin in blood

1.5% of haemoglobin

During or end of shift

B,NS,SQ

B: Background levels occur in specimens collected from subjects NOT exposed

NS: Non-specific determinant;also observed after exposure to other materials

SQ: Semi-quantitative determinant - Interpretation may be ambiguous; should be used as a screening test or confirmatory test.

SECTION 5 FIREFIGHTING MEASURES

Extinguishing media

Water spray or fog.test. SECTION 5 FIREFIGHTING MEASURES Extinguishing media Foam. Dry chemical powder. BCF (where regulations permit).

Foam.MEASURES Extinguishing media Water spray or fog. Dry chemical powder. BCF (where regulations permit). Carbon

Dry chemical powder.MEASURES Extinguishing media Water spray or fog. Foam. BCF (where regulations permit). Carbon dioxide. Special

BCF (where regulations permit).media Water spray or fog. Foam. Dry chemical powder. Carbon dioxide. Special hazards arising from the

Carbon dioxide.Foam. Dry chemical powder. BCF (where regulations permit). Special hazards arising from the substrate or mixture

Special hazards arising from the substrate or mixture

Fire Incompatibility

None known.

Continued

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Advice for firefighters

Fire Fighting

Fire/Explosion Hazard

Alert Fire Brigade and tell them location and nature of hazard.for firefighters Fire Fighting Fire/Explosion Hazard Wear full body protective clothing with breathing apparatus.

Wear full body protective clothing with breathing apparatus.Fire Brigade and tell them location and nature of hazard. Prevent, by any means available, spillage

Prevent, by any means available, spillage from entering drains or water course.Wear full body protective clothing with breathing apparatus. Use fire fighting procedures suitable for surrounding area.

Use fire fighting procedures suitable for surrounding area.available, spillage from entering drains or water course. Do not approach containers suspected to be hot.

Do not approach containers suspected to be hot. approach containers suspected to be hot.

Cool fire exposed containers with water spray from a protected location.area. Do not approach containers suspected to be hot. If safe to do so, remove containers

If safe to do so, remove containers from path of fire.containers with water spray from a protected location. Equipment should be thoroughly decontaminated after use. Non

Equipment should be thoroughly decontaminated after use.If safe to do so, remove containers from path of fire. Non combustible. Not considered a

Non combustible.Equipment should be thoroughly decontaminated after use. Not considered a significant fire risk, however containers

Not considered a significant fire risk, however containers may burn. Decomposition may produce toxic fumes of:be thoroughly decontaminated after use. Non combustible. , nitrogen oxides (NOx) May emit corrosive fumes. SECTION

,

nitrogen oxides (NOx) May emit corrosive fumes.

SECTION 6 ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

See section 8

Environmental precautions

See section 12

Methods and material for containment and cleaning up

 

Drains for storage or use areas should have retention basins for pH adjustments and dilution of spills before discharge or disposal of material. 

Check regularly for spills and leaks.dilution of spills before discharge or disposal of material. Clean up all spills immediately. Minor Spills

Clean up all spills immediately.disposal of material. Check regularly for spills and leaks. Minor Spills Avoid breathing vapours and contact

Minor Spills

Avoid breathing vapours and contact with skin and eyes.Minor Spills

Control personal contact with the substance, by using protective equipment.Avoid breathing vapours and contact with skin and eyes. Contain and absorb spill with sand, earth,

Contain and absorb spill with sand, earth, inert material or vermiculite.contact with the substance, by using protective equipment. Wipe up. Place in a suitable, labelled container

Wipe up.spill with sand, earth, inert material or vermiculite. Place in a suitable, labelled container for waste

Place in a suitable, labelled container for waste disposal.with sand, earth, inert material or vermiculite. Wipe up.   Clear area of personnel and move

 

Clear area of personnel and move upwind. 

Alert Fire Brigade and tell them location and nature of hazard.disposal.   Clear area of personnel and move upwind. Wear full body protective clothing with breathing

Wear full body protective clothing with breathing apparatus.Fire Brigade and tell them location and nature of hazard. Prevent, by any means available, spillage

Prevent, by any means available, spillage from entering drains or water course.Wear full body protective clothing with breathing apparatus. Consider evacuation (or protect in place). Stop leak

Consider evacuation (or protect in place).available, spillage from entering drains or water course. Stop leak if safe to do so. Major

Stop leak if safe to do so.or water course. Consider evacuation (or protect in place). Major Spills Contain spill with sand, earth

Major Spills

Contain spill with sand, earth or vermiculite.Major Spills

Collect recoverable product into labelled containers for recycling. Neutralise/decontaminate residue (see Section 13 for specific agent).Spills Contain spill with sand, earth or vermiculite. Collect solid residues and seal in labelled drums

Collect solid residues and seal in labelled drums for disposal.residue (see Section 13 for specific agent). Wash area and prevent runoff into drains. After clean

Wash area and prevent runoff into drains.solid residues and seal in labelled drums for disposal. After clean up operations, decontaminate and launder

After clean up operations, decontaminate and launder all protective clothing and equipment before storing and re-using.for disposal. Wash area and prevent runoff into drains. If contamination of drains or waterways occurs,

If contamination of drains or waterways occurs, advise emergency services.After clean up operations, decontaminate and launder all protective clothing and equipment before storing and re-using.

Personal Protective Equipment advice is contained in Section 8 of the SDS.

SECTION 7 HANDLING AND STORAGE

Precautions for safe handling

Safe handling

DO NOT allow clothing wet with material to stay in contact with skin allow clothing wet with material to stay in contact with skin

Avoid all personal contact, including inhalation.clothing wet with material to stay in contact with skin Wear protective clothing when risk of

Wear protective clothing when risk of exposure occurs.with skin Avoid all personal contact, including inhalation. Use in a well-ventilated area. Avoid contact with

Use in a well-ventilated area.Wear protective clothing when risk of exposure occurs. Avoid contact with moisture. Avoid contact with incompatible

Avoid contact with moisture.when risk of exposure occurs. Use in a well-ventilated area. Avoid contact with incompatible materials. When

Avoid contact with incompatible materials.Use in a well-ventilated area. Avoid contact with moisture. When handling, DO NOT eat, drink or

When handling, DO NOT eat, drink or smoke. DO NOT eat, drink or smoke.

Keep containers securely sealed when not in use.materials. When handling, DO NOT eat, drink or smoke. Avoid physical damage to containers. Always wash

Avoid physical damage to containers.or smoke. Keep containers securely sealed when not in use. Always wash hands with soap and

Always wash hands with soap and water after handling.sealed when not in use. Avoid physical damage to containers. Work clothes should be laundered separately.

Work clothes should be laundered separately. Launder contaminated clothing before re-use.Always wash hands with soap and water after handling. Use good occupational work practice. Observe

Use good occupational work practice.separately. Launder contaminated clothing before re-use. Observe manufacturer's storage and handling

Observe manufacturer's storage and handling recommendations contained within this SDS.be laundered separately. Launder contaminated clothing before re-use. Use good occupational work practice. Continued

Continued

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  Atmosphere should be regularly checked against established exposure standards to ensure safe working conditions are

Atmosphere should be regularly checked against established exposure standards to ensure safe working conditions are maintained.

 
  Store in original containers.

Store in original containers.

Keep containers securely sealed.

Keep containers securely sealed.

Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area.

Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area.

Store away from incompatible materials and foodstuff containers.

Store away from incompatible materials and foodstuff containers.

Other information

Other information Protect containers against physical damage and check regularly for leaks.

Protect containers against physical damage and check regularly for leaks.

Observe manufacturer's storage and handling recommendations contained within this SDS.
Observe manufacturer's storage and handling recommendations contained within this SDS.

Observe manufacturer's storage and handling recommendations contained within this SDS.

DO NOT store near acids, or oxidising agents

No smoking, naked lights, heat or ignition sources. |Store between -10 and 27 degC.

No smoking, naked lights, heat or ignition sources. |Store between -10 and 27 degC.

Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

 

Lined metal can, lined metal pail/ can. 

 

Plastic pail. 

Polyliner drum.metal can, lined metal pail/ can.   Plastic pail. Packing as recommended by manufacturer. Check all

Packing as recommended by manufacturer.lined metal pail/ can.   Plastic pail. Polyliner drum. Check all containers are clearly labelled and

Check all containers are clearly labelled and free from leaks. For low viscosity materials

Check all containers are clearly labelled and free from leaks. For low viscosity materials

Drums and jerricans must be of the non-removable head type.labelled and free from leaks. For low viscosity materials Where a can is to be used

Where a can is to be used as an inner package, the can must have a screwed enclosure.Drums and jerricans must be of the non-removable head type. Suitable container For materials with a

Suitable container

For materials with a viscosity of at least 2680 cSt. (23 deg. C) and solids (between 15 C deg. and 40 deg C.):

Removable head packaging;(23 deg. C) and solids (between 15 C deg. and 40 deg C.): Cans with friction

Cans with friction closures and(between 15 C deg. and 40 deg C.): Removable head packaging; low pressure tubes and cartridges

low pressure tubes and cartridges may be used.

low pressure tubes and cartridges may be used.

-

Where combination packages are used, and the inner packages are of glass, porcelain or stoneware, there must be sufficient inert cushioning material in contact with inner and outer packages unless the outer packaging is a close fitting moulded plastic box and the substances are not incompatible with the plastic.

Storage

Storage Avoid strong acids, acid chlorides, acid anhydrides and chloroformates.

Avoid strong acids, acid chlorides, acid anhydrides and chloroformates.

incompatibility

incompatibility Avoid contact with copper, aluminium and their alloys.

Avoid contact with copper, aluminium and their alloys.

SECTION 8 EXPOSURE CONTROLS / PERSONAL PROTECTION

Control parameters

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OEL)

INGREDIENT DATA

Source

Ingredient

Material name

TWA

STEL

Peak

Notes

New Zealand Workplace Exposure Standards (WES)

sodium hydroxide

Sodium hydroxide

Not Available

Not Available

 

2 mg/m3

Not Available

EMERGENCY LIMITS

Ingredient

Material name

TEEL-1

 

TEEL-2

 

TEEL-3

sodium metaborate

Sodium metaborate

6.8

mg/m3

77

mg/m3

460

mg/m3

sodium nitrate

Sodium nitrate

4.1

mg/m3

45

mg/m3

270

mg/m3

sodium nitrite

Sodium nitrite

6.4

mg/m3

71

mg/m3

240

mg/m3

sodium hydroxide

Sodium hydroxide

Not Available

Not Available

 

Not Available

sodium metasilicate

Silicic acid, sodium salt; (Sodium silicate)

 

5.9

mg/m3

65

mg/m3

390

mg/m3

Ingredient

Original IDLH

Revised IDLH

 

sodium metaborate

Not Available

Not Available

 

sodium nitrate

Not Available

Not Available

 

sodium borate

Not Available

Not Available

 

sodium nitrite

Not Available

Not Available

 

inorganic salts, as

Not Available

Not Available

 

sodium hydroxide

250 mg/m3

10 mg/m3

 

sodium metasilicate

Not Available

Not Available

 

MATERIAL DATA

Continued

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For inorganic borates and tetraborates:

No data are currently available to establish a causal link between inhalation exposures to sodium tetraborates and chronic respiratory and/or systemic effects. An occupationally important toxic effect of the sodium tetraborates is their acute irritant effect when in contact with skin and the mucous membranes of the eyes, nose and other sites of the respiratory tract. The irritant properties increase with decreasing water of hydration due to the exothermic effect of hydration. The TLV-TWA of 1 mg/m3 for the anhydrous and pentahydrate forms and 5 mg/m3 for the decahydrate is thought to be protective against the acute irritant effects.

for sodium hydroxide:

The TLV-C is recommended based on concentrations that produce noticeable but not excessive, ocular and upper respiratory tract irritation.

Exposure controls

Appropriate

engineering controls

Personal protection

Eye and face protection

Engineering controls are used to remove a hazard or place a barrier between the worker and the hazard. Well-designed engineering controls can be highly effective in protecting workers and will typically be independent of worker interactions to provide this high level of protection. The basic types of engineering controls are:

Process controls which involve changing the way a job activity or process is done to reduce the risk. Enclosure and/or isolation of emission source which keeps a selected hazard "physically" away from the worker and ventilation that strategically "adds" and "removes" air in the work environment. Ventilation can remove or dilute an air contaminant if designed properly. The design of a ventilation system must match the particular process and chemical or contaminant in use. Employers may need to use multiple types of controls to prevent employee overexposure.

Local exhaust ventilation usually required. If risk of overexposure exists, wear approved respirator. Correct fit is essential to obtain adequate protection. Supplied-air type respirator may be required in special circumstances. Correct fit is essential to ensure adequate protection. An approved self contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) may be required in some situations. Provide adequate ventilation in warehouse or closed storage area. Air contaminants generated in the workplace possess varying "escape" velocities which, in turn, determine the "capture velocities" of fresh circulating air required to effectively remove the contaminant.

Type of Contaminant:

Air Speed:

solvent, vapours, degreasing etc., evaporating from tank (in still air).

aerosols, fumes from pouring operations, intermittent container filling, low speed conveyer transfers, welding, spray drift, plating acid fumes, pickling (released at low velocity into zone of active generation)

direct spray, spray painting in shallow booths, drum filling, conveyer loading, crusher dusts, gas discharge (active generation into zone of rapid air motion)

grinding, abrasive blasting, tumbling, high speed wheel generated dusts (released at high initial velocity into zone of very high rapid air motion).

0.25-0.5 m/s

(50-100 f/min.)

0.5-1 m/s

(100-200 f/min.)

1-2.5 m/s

(200-500 f/min.)

2.5-10 m/s

(500-2000 f/min.)

Within each range the appropriate value depends on:

Lower end of the range

Upper end of the range

1: Room air currents minimal or favourable to capture

2: Contaminants of low toxicity or of nuisance value only.

3: Intermittent, low production.

4: Large hood or large air mass in motion

1: Disturbing room air currents

2: Contaminants of high toxicity

3: High production, heavy use

4: Small hood-local control only

Simple theory shows that air velocity falls rapidly with distance away from the opening of a simple extraction pipe. Velocity generally decreases with the square of distance from the extraction point (in simple cases). Therefore the air speed at the extraction point should be adjusted, accordingly, after reference to distance from the contaminating source. The air velocity at the extraction fan, for example, should be a minimum of 1-2 m/s (200-400 f/min) for extraction of solvents generated in a tank 2 meters distant from the extraction point. Other mechanical considerations, producing performance deficits within the extraction apparatus, make it essential that theoretical air velocities are multiplied by factors of 10 or more when extraction systems are installed or used.

of 10 or more when extraction systems are installed or used. Safety glasses with side shields.

Safety glasses with side shields.of 10 or more when extraction systems are installed or used. Chemical goggles. Contact lenses may

Chemical goggles.are installed or used. Safety glasses with side shields. Contact lenses may pose a special hazard;

Contact lenses may pose a special hazard; soft contact lenses may absorb and concentrate irritants. A written policy document, describing the wearing of lenses or restrictions on use, should be created for each workplace or task. This should include a review of lens absorption and adsorption for the class of chemicals in use and an account of injury experience. Medical and first-aid personnel should be trained in their removal and suitable equipment should be readily available. In the event of chemical exposure, begin eye irrigation immediately and remove contact lens as soon as practicable. Lens shouldof 10 or more when extraction systems are installed or used. Safety glasses with side shields.

Continued

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be removed at the first signs of eye redness or irritation - lens should be

be removed at the first signs of eye redness or irritation - lens should be removed in a clean environment only after workers have washed hands thoroughly. [CDC NIOSH Current Intelligence Bulletin 59], [AS/NZS 1336 or national equivalent]

Skin protection

See Hand protection below

 
Wear chemical protective gloves, e.g. PVC.

Wear chemical protective gloves, e.g. PVC.

Wear safety footwear or safety gumboots, e.g. Rubber NOTE:

Wear safety footwear or safety gumboots, e.g. Rubber NOTE:
The material may produce skin sensitisation in predisposed individuals. Care must be taken, when removing

The material may produce skin sensitisation in predisposed individuals. Care must be taken, when removing gloves and other protective equipment, to avoid all possible skin contact.

Contaminated leather items, such as shoes, belts and watch-bands should be removed and destroyed. The selection of suitable gloves does not only depend on the material, but also on further marks of quality which vary from manufacturer to manufacturer. Where the chemical is a preparation of several substances, the resistance of the glove material can not be calculated in advance and has therefore to be checked prior to the application. The exact break through time for substances has to be obtained from the manufacturer of the protective gloves and has to be observed when making a final choice. Personal hygiene is a key element of effective hand care. Gloves must only be worn on clean hands. After using gloves, hands should be washed and dried thoroughly. Application of a non-perfumed moisturizer is recommended. Suitability and durability of glove type is dependent on usage. Important factors in the selection of gloves include:

Suitability and durability of glove type is dependent on usage. Important factors in the selection of

· frequency and duration of contact,

· chemical resistance of glove material,

· glove thickness and

· dexterity

Select gloves tested to a relevant standard (e.g. Europe EN 374, US F739, AS/NZS 2161.1 or national equivalent).

·

When prolonged or frequently repeated contact may occur, a glove with a protection class of 5 or higher

Hands/feet protection

(breakthrough time greater than 240 minutes according to EN 374, AS/NZS 2161.10.1 or national equivalent) is recommended.

When only brief contact is expected, a glove with a protection class of 3 or higher (breakthrough time greater than 60 minutes according to EN 374, AS/NZS 2161.10.1 or national equivalent) is recommended.

·

Some glove polymer types are less affected by movement and this should be taken into account when considering gloves for long-term use.

·

·

Contaminated gloves should be replaced.

For general applications, gloves with a thickness typically greater than 0.35 mm, are recommended. It should be emphasised that glove thickness is not necessarily a good predictor of glove resistance to a specific chemical,

as the permeation efficiency of the glove will be dependent on the exact composition of the glove material. Therefore, glove selection should also be based on consideration of the task requirements and knowledge of breakthrough times. Glove thickness may also vary depending on the glove manufacturer, the glove type and the glove model. Therefore, the manufacturers’ technical data should always be taken into account to ensure selection of the most appropriate glove for the task. Note: Depending on the activity being conducted, gloves of varying thickness may be required for specific tasks. For example:

·

Thinner gloves (down to 0.1 mm or less) may be required where a high degree of manual dexterity is needed.

However, these gloves are only likely to give short duration protection and would normally be just for single use applications, then disposed of.

·

Thicker gloves (up to 3 mm or more) may be required where there is a mechanical (as well as a chemical) risk

i.e. where there is abrasion or puncture potential Gloves must only be worn on clean hands. After using gloves, hands should be washed and dried thoroughly. Application of a non-perfumed moisturiser is recommended.

Body protection

See Other protection below

 

Overalls. 

PVC Apron.protection See Other protection below   Overalls. Other protection PVC protective suit may be required if

Other protection

PVC protective suit may be required if exposure severe.Other protection

Eyewash unit.PVC protective suit may be required if exposure severe. Ensure there is ready access to a

Ensure there is ready access to a safety shower.protection PVC protective suit may be required if exposure severe. Eyewash unit. Thermal hazards Not Available

Thermal hazards

Not Available

Recommended material(s)

GLOVE SELECTION INDEX

Glove selection is based on a modified presentation of the:

"Forsberg Clothing Performance Index". The effect(s) of the following substance(s) are taken into account in the computer-generated selection:

Maxigard

Material

CPI

BUTYL

NAT+NEOPR+NITRILE

NATURAL RUBBER

A

A

A

Respiratory protection

Particulate. (AS/NZS 1716 & 1715, EN 143:2000 & 149:001, ANSI Z88 or national equivalent)

Where the concentration of gas/particulates in the breathing zone, approaches or exceeds the "Exposure Standard" (or ES), respiratory protection is required. Degree of protection varies with both face-piece and Class of filter; the nature of protection varies with Type of filter.

Required Minimum

Protection Factor

up to 10 x ES

Half-Face

Full-Face

Powered Air

Respirator

Respirator

Respirator

 

-PAPR-AUS /

-AUS P2

-

 

Class 1 P2

Continued

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NATURAL+NEOPRENE

A

NATURAL+NEOPRENE A
NATURAL+NEOPRENE A

NEOPRENE

A

NEOPRENE/NATURAL

NITRILE

A

A

NITRILE+PVC

A

PE

A

PE/EVAL/PE

 

PVC

A

SARANEX-23 2-PLY

A

SARANEX-23

A

TEFLON

A

A

VITON/CHLOROBUTYL

A

* CPI - Chemwatch Performance Index

A: Best Selection B: Satisfactory; may degrade after 4 hours continuous immersion C: Poor to Dangerous Choice for other than short term immersion

NOTE: As a series of factors will influence the actual performance of the glove, a final selection must be based on detailed observation. -

* Where the glove is to be used on a short term, casual or infrequent

basis, factors such as "feel" or convenience (e.g. disposability), may dictate a choice of gloves which might otherwise be unsuitable following long-term or frequent use. A qualified practitioner should be consulted.

up to 50 x ES

 

-AUS / Class 1

-

-

 

P2

up to 50 x ES   -AUS / Class 1 - -   P2 up to

up to 100 x ES

- -2 P2

-PAPR-2 P2 ^

^ - Full-face

A(All classes) = Organic vapours, B AUS or B1 = Acid gasses, B2 = Acid gas or hydrogen cyanide(HCN), B3 = Acid gas or hydrogen cyanide(HCN),

E = Sulfur dioxide(SO2), G = Agricultural chemicals, K = Ammonia(NH3),

Hg = Mercury, NO = Oxides of nitrogen, MB = Methyl bromide, AX = Low boiling point organic compounds(below 65 degC)

SECTION 9 PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

Information on basic physical and chemical properties

Appearance

Appearance Physical state Odour Odour threshold pH (as supplied) Melting point / freezing point (°C) Initial

Physical state

Odour

Odour threshold

pH (as supplied)

Melting point / freezing point (°C)

Initial boiling point and boiling range (°C)

Flash point (°C)

Evaporation rate

Flammability

Upper Explosive Limit (%)

Lower Explosive Limit (%)

Vapour pressure (kPa)

Solubility in water (g/L)

Vapour density (Air =

1)

Liquid; mixes with water.

Liquid

Relative density (Water = 1)

1.274

Not Available

Partition coefficient n-octanol / water

Not Available

 

Auto-ignition

 

Not Available

temperature (°C)

Not Applicable

 

Decomposition

 

12

temperature

Not Available

-23

Viscosity (cSt)

Not Available

 

Molecular weight

 

100

(g/mol)

Not Applicable

Not Applicable

Taste

Not Available

<1 (ethyl ether=1)

Explosive properties

Not Available

Not Applicable

Oxidising properties

Not Available

Not Applicable

Surface Tension (dyn/cm or mN/m)

Not Available

 

Volatile Component

 

Not Applicable

(%vol)

Negligible

2.3 @ 25 degC

Gas group

Not Available

Miscible

pH as a solution (1%)

Not Available

>1

VOC g/L

Not Applicable

SECTION 10 STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

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Unstable in the presence of incompatible materials. 

Chemical stability

Product is considered stable.Chemical stability

Hazardous polymerisation will not occur.Chemical stability Product is considered stable. Possibility of   hazardous reactions See section

Possibility of

 

hazardous reactions

See section 7

Conditions to avoid

See section 7

Incompatible materials

See section 7

Hazardous

 

decomposition

See section 5

products

SECTION 11 TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Information on toxicological effects

Inhaled

Ingestion

Skin Contact

Inhalation of vapours or aerosols (mists, fumes), generated by the material during the course of normal handling, may produce toxic effects. Limited evidence or practical experience suggests that the material may produce irritation of the respiratory system, in a significant number of individuals, following inhalation. In contrast to most organs, the lung is able to respond to a chemical insult by first removing or neutralising the irritant and then repairing the damage. The repair process, which initially evolved to protect mammalian lungs from foreign matter and antigens, may however, produce further lung damage resulting in the impairment of gas exchange, the primary function of the lungs. Respiratory tract irritation often results in an inflammatory response involving the recruitment and activation of many cell types, mainly derived from the vascular system. Inhalation of alkaline corrosives may produce irritation of the respiratory tract with coughing, choking, pain and mucous membrane damage. Pulmonary oedema may develop in more severe cases; this may be immediate or in most cases following a latent period of 5-72 hours. Symptoms may include a tightness in the chest, dyspnoea, frothy sputum, cyanosis and dizziness. Findings may include hypotension, a weak and rapid pulse and moist rales. Borates, as represented by borax, may act as simple respiratory irritants. In a study of the respiratory effects of borax dust on active borax workers, the incidence of respiratory symptoms, pulmonary function and abnormalities of chest radiographs were related to estimated exposures. Dryness of the mouth, nose or throat, dry cough, nose bleeds, sore throat, productive cough, shortness of breath and chest tightness were related to exposures of 4 mg/m3 or more

Accidental ingestion of the material may be harmful; animal experiments indicate that ingestion of less than 150 gram may be fatal or may produce serious damage to the health of the individual. Symptoms of borate poisoning include nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, epigastric pain. These may be accompanied headache, weakness and a distinctive red skin rash. In severe cases there may be shock, increased heart rate and the skin may appear blue. Vomiting (which may be violent) is often persistent and vomitus and faeces may contain blood. Weakness, lethargy, headache, restlessness, tremors and intermittent convulsions may also occur. Poisoning produces central nervous system stimulation followed by depression, gastrointestinal disturbance (haemorrhagic gastro-enteritis), erythematous skin eruptions (giving rise to a boiled lobster appearance) and may also involve kidneys (producing oliguria, albuminuria, anuria) and, rarely, liver (hepatomegaly, jaundice). Toxic symptoms may be delayed for several hours. Ingested borates are readily absorbed and do not appear to be metabolised via the liver. Excretion occurs mainly through the kidneys in the urine with about half excreted in the first 12 hours and the remainder over 5-12 days. Borates are excreted primarily in the urine regardless of the route of administration. The borates (tetra-, di-, meta, or ortho- salts, in contrast to perborates) once solubilised in the acid of gastric juices, cannot be distinguished from each other on chemical or toxicological grounds. In humans acute gastroenteric (or percutaneous absorption of as little as 1 gm of sodium borate can result in severe gastrointestinal irritation, kidney damage. In adults the mean lethal dose of sodium borate or boric acid probably exceeds 30 gms (Gosselin) and death occurs due to vascular collapse in the early stages or to central nervous system depression in later stages. Children are thought to be more susceptible to the effects of borate intoxication. The substance and/or its metabolites may bind to haemoglobin inhibiting normal uptake of oxygen. This condition, known as "methaemoglobinemia", is a form of oxygen starvation (anoxia). Symptoms include cyanosis (a bluish discolouration skin and mucous membranes) and breathing difficulties. Symptoms may not be evident until several hours after exposure. At about 15% concentration of blood methaemoglobin there is observable cyanosis of the lips, nose and earlobes. Symptoms may be absent although euphoria, flushed face and headache are commonly experienced. At 25-40%, cyanosis is marked but little disability occurs other than that produced on physical exertion. At 40-60%, symptoms include weakness, dizziness, lightheadedness, increasingly severe headache, ataxia, rapid shallow respiration, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, confusion, lethargy and stupor. Above 60% symptoms include dyspnea, respiratory depression, tachycardia or bradycardia, and convulsions. Levels exceeding 70% may be fatal.

Limited evidence exists, or practical experience predicts, that the material either produces inflammation of the skin in a substantial number of individuals following direct contact, and/or produces significant inflammation when applied to the healthy intact skin of animals, for up to four hours, such inflammation being present twenty-four hours or more after the end of the exposure period. Skin irritation may also be present after prolonged or repeated exposure; this may result in a form of contact dermatitis (nonallergic). The dermatitis is often characterised by skin redness (erythema) and swelling (oedema) which may progress to blistering (vesiculation), scaling and thickening of the epidermis. At the microscopic level there may be intercellular oedema of the spongy layer of the skin (spongiosis) and intracellular oedema of the epidermis. Open cuts, abraded or irritated skin should not be exposed to this material Entry into the blood-stream through, for example, cuts, abrasions, puncture wounds or lesions, may produce systemic injury

Continued

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Issue Date: 01/01/2013 Print Date: 04/07/2017

Eye

Chronic

Maxigard

sodium metaborate

sodium nitrate

sodium nitrite

sodium hydroxide

with harmful effects. Examine the skin prior to the use of the material and ensure that any external damage is suitably protected.

 

Evidence exists, or practical experience predicts, that the material may cause eye irritation in a substantial number of individuals and/or may produce significant ocular lesions which are present twenty-four hours or more after instillation into the eye(s) of experimental animals. Repeated or prolonged eye contact may cause inflammation characterised by temporary redness (similar to windburn) of the conjunctiva (conjunctivitis); temporary impairment of vision and/or other transient eye damage/ulceration may occur.

 

Strong evidence exists that the substance may cause irreversible but non-lethal mutagenic effects following a single exposure.

There is sufficient evidence to provide a strong presumption that human exposure to the material may result in impaired fertility on the basis of: - clear evidence in animal studies of impaired fertility in the absence of toxic effects, or evidence of impaired fertility occurring at around the same dose levels as other toxic effects but which is not a secondary non-specific consequence of other toxic effects. There is sufficient evidence to provide a strong presumption that human exposure to the material may result in developmental toxicity, generally on the basis of:

- clear results in appropriate animal studies where effects have been observed in the absence of marked maternal toxicity, or at around the same dose levels as other toxic effects but which are not secondary non-specific consequences of the other toxic effects. Exposure to the material may result in a possible risk of irreversible effects. The material may produce mutagenic effects in man. This concern is raised, generally, on the basis of appropriate studies using mammalian somatic cells in vivo. Such findings are often supported by positive results from in vitro mutagenicity studies. Limited evidence suggests that repeated or long-term occupational exposure may produce cumulative health effects involving organs or biochemical systems. There exists limited evidence that shows that skin contact with the material is capable either of inducing a sensitisation reaction in a significant number of individuals, and/or of producing positive response in experimental animals. Chronic poisoning by borates may be characterised gastrointestinal disturbances and skin rash. Chronic absorption of small amounts of borax causes mild gastroenteritis and dermatitis. Chronic feeding studies involving borate administration to rats and dogs leads to accumulation in the testes, germ cell depletion and testicular atrophy. Hair loss in a young woman was traced to chronic ingestion of boric acid-containing mouthwashes whilst hair loss, dermatitis, gastric ulcer and hypoplastic anaemia in an adult male was attributed to the consumption of an uncharacterised "boric tartrate" for 20 years (symptoms disappeared following withdrawal). Repeated ingestion or inhalation of sub-acute doses of boric acid produces gastrointestinal irritation and disturbance, loss of appetite, disturbed digestion, nausea and vomiting, erythematous rash which may become hard and purpuric, dryness of the skin and mucous membranes, reddening of the tongue, cracking of the lips, conjunctivitis, palpebral oedema and kidney injury. Workers exposed to dust levels containing in excess of 31 mg/m3 boric acid, showed atrophic and subatrophic changes of the respiratory mucous membranes. Prolonged ingestion by animals produces a variety of reproductive effects including changes to the ovaries, fallopian tubes, the testes, epididymis and sperm ducts. Repeated or prolonged exposure to corrosives may result in the erosion of teeth, inflammatory and ulcerative changes in the mouth and necrosis (rarely) of the jaw. Bronchial irritation, with cough, and frequent attacks of bronchial pneumonia may ensue. Gastrointestinal disturbances may also occur. Chronic exposures may result in dermatitis and/or conjunctivitis. On the basis, primarily, of animal experiments, concern has been expressed by at least one classification body that the material may produce carcinogenic or mutagenic effects; in respect of the available information, however, there presently exists inadequate data for making a satisfactory assessment.

 
 
 

TOXICITY

IRRITATION

Not Available

Not Available

 
 
 

TOXICITY

IRRITATION

Dermal (rabbit) LD50: >2000 mg/kg [1]

Not Available

Oral (rat) LD50: >250 mg/kg [1]

 
 
 
 

TOXICITY

IRRITATION

dermal (rat) LD50: >5000 mg/kg [1]

Not Available

Oral (rat) LD50: 1267 mg/kg [2]

 
 
 
 

TOXICITY

IRRITATION

Oral (rat) LD50: 157.9 mg/kg [2]

Eye (rabbit): 500 mg/24hr - mild

 
 
 

TOXICITY

IRRITATION

Not Available

Eye (rabbit): 0.05 mg/24h SEVERE

 

Eye (rabbit):1 mg/24h SEVERE

Eye (rabbit):1 mg/30s rinsed-SEVERE

Skin (rabbit): 500 mg/24h SEVERE

 

Continued

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sodium metasilicate

Legend:

sodium metasilicate Legend: SODIUM METABORATE SODIUM NITRITE SODIUM HYDROXIDE SODIUM METASILICATE SODIUM METABORATE &

SODIUM METABORATE

SODIUM NITRITE

SODIUM HYDROXIDE

SODIUM METASILICATE

SODIUM METABORATE & SODIUM NITRATE & SODIUM HYDROXIDE & SODIUM METASILICATE

SODIUM NITRITE & SODIUM METASILICATE

TOXICITY

IRRITATION

dermal (rat) LD50: >5000 mg/kg [1]

Skin (human): 250 mg/24h SEVERE

Oral (rat) LD50: 1153 mg/kgE [2]

Skin (rabbit): 250 mg/24h SEVERE

1. Value obtained from Europe ECHA Registered Substances - Acute toxicity 2.* Value obtained from manufacturer's SDS. Unless otherwise specified data extracted from RTECS - Register of Toxic Effect of chemical Substances

anhydrous: for octahydrate

Tumorigenic - Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria.

The material may produce severe irritation to the eye causing pronounced inflammation. Repeated or prolonged exposure to irritants may produce conjunctivitis. The material may produce severe skin irritation after prolonged or repeated exposure, and may produce a contact dermatitis (nonallergic). This form of dermatitis is often characterised by skin redness (erythema) thickening of the epidermis. Histologically there may be intercellular oedema of the spongy layer (spongiosis) and intracellular oedema of the epidermis. Prolonged contact is unlikely, given the severity of response, but repeated exposures may produce severe ulceration.

The material may cause skin irritation after prolonged or repeated exposure and may produce a contact dermatitis (nonallergic). This form of dermatitis is often characterised by skin redness (erythema) and swelling epidermis. Histologically there may be intercellular oedema of the spongy layer (spongiosis) and intracellular oedema of the epidermis.

Asthma-like symptoms may continue for months or even years after exposure to the material ceases. This may be due to a non-allergenic condition known as reactive airways dysfunction syndrome (RADS) which can occur following exposure to high levels of highly irritating compound. Key criteria for the diagnosis of RADS include the absence of preceding respiratory disease, in a non-atopic individual, with abrupt onset of persistent asthma-like symptoms within minutes to hours of a documented exposure to the irritant. A reversible airflow pattern, on spirometry, with the presence of moderate to severe bronchial hyperreactivity on methacholine challenge testing and the lack of minimal lymphocytic inflammation, without eosinophilia, have also been included in the criteria for diagnosis of RADS. RADS (or asthma) following an irritating inhalation is an infrequent disorder with rates related to the concentration of and duration of exposure to the irritating substance. Industrial bronchitis, on the other hand, is a disorder that occurs as result of exposure due to high concentrations of irritating substance (often particulate in nature) and is completely reversible after exposure ceases. The disorder is characterised by dyspnea, cough and mucus production.

The material may be irritating to the eye, with prolonged contact causing inflammation. Repeated or prolonged exposure to irritants may produce conjunctivitis.

Acute Toxicity

Acute Toxicity Carcinogenicity

Carcinogenicity

Acute Toxicity Carcinogenicity

Skin

     

Irritation/Corrosion

Irritation/Corrosion Reproductivity

Reproductivity

Irritation/Corrosion Reproductivity

Serious Eye

Serious Eye STOT - Single Exposure

STOT - Single Exposure

Serious Eye STOT - Single Exposure

Damage/Irritation

Respiratory or Skin sensitisation

Respiratory or Skin sensitisation STOT - Repeated Exposure

STOT - Repeated Exposure

Respiratory or Skin sensitisation STOT - Repeated Exposure

Mutagenicity

Mutagenicity Aspiration Hazard

Aspiration Hazard

Mutagenicity Aspiration Hazard

SECTION 12 ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Legend:

Hazard SECTION 12 ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION L e g e n d : – Data available but

– Data available but does not fill the criteria for classification

– Data available to make classification

– Data Not Available to make classification

Toxicity

Maxigard

sodium metaborate

sodium nitrate

ENDPOINT

TEST DURATION (HR)

Not

Applicable

Not Applicable

SPECIES

VALUE

SOURCE

Not Applicable

Not

Applicable

Not

Applicable

ENDPOINT TEST DURATION (HR) SPECIES VALUE SOURCE LC50 96 Fish 74mg/L 2 EC50 72 Algae
ENDPOINT
TEST DURATION (HR)
SPECIES
VALUE
SOURCE
LC50
96
Fish
74mg/L
2
EC50
72
Algae or other aquatic plants
54mg/L
2
NOEC
768
Fish
0.1mg/L
2

ENDPOINT

TEST DURATION (HR)

LC50

96

SPECIES

Fish

ENDPOINT TEST DURATION (HR) LC50 96 SPECIES Fish VALUE 213.366mg/L SOURCE 3

VALUE

213.366mg/L

SOURCE

3

ENDPOINT TEST DURATION (HR) LC50 96 SPECIES Fish VALUE 213.366mg/L SOURCE 3

Continued

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sodium nitrite sodium hydroxide sodium metasilicate Legend:

sodium nitrite

sodium hydroxide

sodium metasilicate

Legend:

EC50

EC50 NOEC 96 Algae or other aquatic plants 1181.887mg/L 3 2880 Fish 1.6mg/L 4

NOEC

96

Algae or other aquatic plants

1181.887mg/L

3

2880

Fish

1.6mg/L

4

96 Algae or other aquatic plants 1181.887mg/L 3 2880 Fish 1.6mg/L 4
96 Algae or other aquatic plants 1181.887mg/L 3 2880 Fish 1.6mg/L 4
ENDPOINT TEST DURATION (HR) SPECIES VALUE LC50 96 Fish 0.048mg/L EC50 48 Crustacea

ENDPOINT

TEST DURATION (HR)

SPECIES

VALUE

LC50

96

Fish

0.048mg/L

EC50

48

Crustacea

ca.12.5100mg/L

0.048mg/L EC50 48 Crustacea ca.12.5100mg/L EC50 96 Algae or other aquatic plants 12.537mg/L
0.048mg/L EC50 48 Crustacea ca.12.5100mg/L EC50 96 Algae or other aquatic plants 12.537mg/L

EC50

96

Algae or other aquatic plants

12.537mg/L

NOEC

2

Fish

0.02mg/L

EC50 96 Algae or other aquatic plants 12.537mg/L NOEC 2 Fish 0.02mg/L SOURCE 4 1 3
EC50 96 Algae or other aquatic plants 12.537mg/L NOEC 2 Fish 0.02mg/L SOURCE 4 1 3

SOURCE

4

1

3

4

ENDPOINT TEST DURATION (HR) SPECIES VALUE SOURCE LC50 96 Fish 4.16158mg/L 3 EC50 96 Algae
ENDPOINT
TEST DURATION (HR)
SPECIES
VALUE
SOURCE
LC50
96
Fish
4.16158mg/L
3
EC50
96
Algae or other aquatic plants
1034.10043mg/L
3
NOEC
96
Fish
56mg/L
4

ENDPOINT

TEST DURATION (HR)

LC50

96

SPECIES

Fish

TEST DURATION (HR) LC50 96 SPECIES Fish NOEC 96 Fish VALUE 1800mg/L SOURCE 4

NOEC

96

Fish

TEST DURATION (HR) LC50 96 SPECIES Fish NOEC 96 Fish VALUE 1800mg/L SOURCE 4 >=1000mg/L 1

VALUE

1800mg/L

SOURCE

4

>=1000mg/L

1

Extracted from 1. IUCLID Toxicity Data 2. Europe ECHA Registered Substances - Ecotoxicological Information - Aquatic Toxicity 3. EPIWIN Suite V3.12 (QSAR) - Aquatic Toxicity Data (Estimated) 4. US EPA, Ecotox database - Aquatic Toxicity Data 5. ECETOC Aquatic Hazard Assessment Data 6. NITE (Japan) - Bioconcentration Data 7. METI (Japan) - Bioconcentration Data 8. Vendor Data

Toxic to aquatic organisms. Do NOT allow product to come in contact with surface waters or to intertidal areas below the mean high water mark. Do not contaminate water when cleaning equipment or disposing of equipment wash-waters. Wastes resulting from use of the product must be disposed of on site or at approved waste sites. Prevent, by any means available, spillage from entering drains or water courses. DO NOT discharge into sewer or waterways.

Persistence and degradability

Ingredient

Persistence: Water/Soil

Persistence: Air

sodium nitrate

LOW

LOW

sodium nitrite

LOW

LOW

sodium hydroxide

LOW

LOW

Bioaccumulative potential

Ingredient

Bioaccumulation

sodium nitrate

LOW (LogKOW = 0.209)

sodium nitrite

LOW (LogKOW = 0.0564)

sodium hydroxide

LOW (LogKOW = -3.8796)

Mobility in soil

Ingredient

Mobility

sodium nitrate

LOW (KOC = 14.3)

sodium nitrite

LOW (KOC = 23.74)

sodium hydroxide

LOW (KOC = 14.3)

SECTION 13 DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

Waste treatment methods

Product / Packaging disposal

Waste treatment methods Product / Packaging disposal Containers may still present a chemical hazard/ danger when

Containers may still present a chemical hazard/ danger when empty.

Return to supplier for reuse/ recycling if possible. Otherwise:may still present a chemical hazard/ danger when empty. If container can not be cleaned sufficiently

If container can not be cleaned sufficiently well to ensure that residuals do not remain

If container can not be cleaned sufficiently well to ensure that residuals do not remain or if the container cannot be used to store the same product, then puncture containers, to prevent re-use, and bury at an authorised landfill.

Where possible retain label warnings and SDS and observe all notices pertaining to the product.

Where possible retain label warnings and SDS and observe all notices pertaining to the product.

Continued

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1075457 Version No: 1.0 Page 14 of 17 Maxigard Issue Date: 01/01/2013 Print Date: 04/07/2017 Legislation

Issue Date: 01/01/2013 Print Date: 04/07/2017

Legislation addressing waste disposal requirements may differ by country, state and/ or territory. Each user must refer to laws operating in their area. In some areas, certain wastes must be tracked.

A Hierarchy of Controls seems to be common - the user should investigate:

ReductionControls seems to be common - the user should investigate: Reuse Recycling Disposal (if all else

Reuseseems to be common - the user should investigate: Reduction Recycling Disposal (if all else fails)

Recyclingto be common - the user should investigate: Reduction Reuse Disposal (if all else fails) This

Disposal (if all else fails) This material may be recycled if unused, or if it has not been contaminated so as to make it unsuitable for its intended use.- the user should investigate: Reduction Reuse Recycling If it has been contaminated, it may be

If it has been contaminated, it may be possible to reclaim the product by filtration, distillation or some other means. Shelf life considerations should also be applied in making decisions of this type. Note that properties of a material may change in use, and recycling or reuse may not always be appropriate.

DO NOT allow wash water from cleaning or process equipment to enter drains. allow wash water from cleaning or process equipment to enter drains.

It may be necessary to collect all wash water for treatment before disposal.water from cleaning or process equipment to enter drains. In all cases disposal to sewer may

In all cases disposal to sewer may be subject to local laws and regulations and these should be considered first.to collect all wash water for treatment before disposal. Where in doubt contact the responsible authority.

Where in doubt contact the responsible authority.laws and regulations and these should be considered first. Recycle wherever possible. Consult manufacturer for

Recycle wherever possible.first. Where in doubt contact the responsible authority. Consult manufacturer for recycling options or consult local

Consult manufacturer for recycling options or consult local or regional waste management authority for disposal if no suitable treatment or disposal facility can be identified.the responsible authority. Recycle wherever possible. Treat and neutralise at an approved treatment plant.

Treat and neutralise at an approved treatment plant.suitable treatment or disposal facility can be identified. Treatment should involve: Neutralisation with suitable

Treatment should involve: Neutralisation with suitable dilute acid followed by: burial in a land-fill specifically licensed to accept chemical and / or pharmaceutical wastes or Incineration in a licensed apparatus (after admixture with suitable combustible material).Treat and neutralise at an approved treatment plant. Decontaminate empty containers. Observe all label safeguards

Decontaminate empty containers. Observe all label safeguards until containers are cleaned and destroyed.(after admixture with suitable combustible material). Ensure that the disposal of material is carried out in

Ensure that the disposal of material is carried out in accordance with Hazardous Substances (Disposal) Regulations 2001.

SECTION 14 TRANSPORT INFORMATION

Labels Required

 
   
 

Marine Pollutant

NO

HAZCHEM

2X

Land transport (UN)

UN number

3266

UN proper shipping name

CORROSIVE LIQUID, BASIC, INORGANIC, N.O.S.

Transport hazard

Class

8

class(es)

Subrisk

Not Applicable

 

Packing group

III

Environmental hazard

Not Applicable

 

Special precautions

Special provisions

223; 274

 

for user

Limited quantity

5 L

Air transport (ICAO-IATA / DGR)

UN number

3266

UN proper shipping name

Corrosive liquid, basic, inorganic, n.o.s. *

 

ICAO/IATA Class

8

Transport hazard

ICAO / IATA Subrisk

Not Applicable

 

class(es)

ERG Code

8L

Packing group

III

Environmental hazard

Not Applicable

Special precautions

Special provisions

A3A803

for user

Cargo Only Packing Instructions

856

Continued

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1075457 Version No: 1.0 Page 15 of 17 Maxigard Issue Date: 01/01/2013 Print Date: 04/07/2017 Cargo

Issue Date: 01/01/2013 Print Date: 04/07/2017

Cargo Only Maximum Qty / Pack

60 L

Passenger and Cargo Packing Instructions

852

Passenger and Cargo Maximum Qty / Pack

5

L

Passenger and Cargo Limited Quantity Packing Instructions

Y841

Passenger and Cargo Limited Maximum Qty / Pack

1

L

Sea transport (IMDG-Code / GGVSee)

UN number

UN proper shipping name

Transport hazard

class(es)

Packing group

Environmental hazard

Special precautions

for user

3266

CORROSIVE LIQUID, BASIC, INORGANIC, N.O.S.

IMDG Class

8

IMDG Subrisk

Not Applicable

III

Not Applicable

EMS Number

F-A , S-B

Special provisions

223 274

Limited Quantities

5 L

Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL and the IBC code

Not Applicable

SECTION 15 REGULATORY INFORMATION

Safety, health and environmental regulations / legislation specific for the substance or mixture

This substance is to be managed using the conditions specified in an applicable Group Standard

HSR Number

Group Standard

HSR100425

Pharmaceutical Active Ingredients Group Standard 2010

SODIUM METABORATE(7775-19-1) IS FOUND ON THE FOLLOWING REGULATORY LISTS

New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC)

SODIUM NITRATE(7631-99-4) IS FOUND ON THE FOLLOWING REGULATORY LISTS

New Zealand Hazardous Substances and New Organisms (HSNO) Act - Classification of Chemicals

New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC)

SODIUM NITRITE(7632-00-0) IS FOUND ON THE FOLLOWING REGULATORY LISTS

International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Agents Classified by the IARC Monographs

New Zealand Hazardous Substances and New Organisms (HSNO) Act - Classification of Chemicals

New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC)

SODIUM HYDROXIDE(1310-73-2) IS FOUND ON THE FOLLOWING REGULATORY LISTS

New Zealand Hazardous Substances and New Organisms (HSNO) Act - Classification of Chemicals

New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC)

New Zealand Workplace Exposure Standards (WES)

SODIUM METASILICATE(1344-09-8) IS FOUND ON THE FOLLOWING REGULATORY LISTS

New Zealand Hazardous Substances and New Organisms (HSNO) Act - Classification of Chemicals

New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC)

Location Test Certificate

Subject to Regulation 55 of the Hazardous Substances (Classes 1 to 5 Controls) Regulations, a location test certificate is required when quantity greater than or equal to those indicated below are present.

Hazard Class

Quantity beyond which controls apply for closed containers

Quantity beyond which controls apply when use occurring in open containers

Not Applicable

Not Applicable

Not Applicable

Continued

Chemwatch: 1075457 Version No: 1.0

Chemwatch: 1075457 Version No: 1.0 Approved Handler Page 16 of 17 Maxigard Issue Date: 01/01/2013 Print

Approved Handler

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Version No: 1.0 Approved Handler Page 16 of 17 Maxigard Issue Date: 01/01/2013 Print Date: 04/07/2017

Issue Date: 01/01/2013 Print Date: 04/07/2017

Subject to Regulation 56 of the Hazardous Substances (Classes 1 to 5 Controls) Regulations and Regulation 9 of the Hazardous Substances (Classes 6, 8, and 9 Controls) Regulations, the substance must be under the personal control of an Approved Handler when present in a quantity greater than or equal to those indicated below.

Class of substance

Quantities

8.2A

Any quantity

Refer Group Standards for further information

Tracking Requirements

Not Applicable

National Inventory

 

Status

Australia - AICS

Y

Canada - DSL

Y

Canada - NDSL

N (sodium metasilicate; sodium nitrite; sodium nitrate; sodium metaborate; sodium hydroxide)

China - IECSC

Y

Europe - EINEC / ELINCS / NLP

Y

Japan - ENCS

Y

Korea - KECI

Y

New Zealand - NZIoC

Y

Philippines - PICCS

Y

USA - TSCA

Y

 

Y

= All ingredients are on the inventory

Legend:

N

= Not determined or one or more ingredients are not on the inventory and are not exempt from listing(see specific ingredients

in

brackets)

SECTION 16 OTHER INFORMATION

Other information

Ingredients with multiple cas numbers

Name

CAS No

sodium metaborate

7775-19-1, 10555-76-7, 15293-77-3, 35585-58-1

sodium hydroxide

1310-73-2, 12200-64-5

Classification of the preparation and its individual components has drawn on official and authoritative sources as well as independent review by the Chemwatch Classification committee using available literature references.

The SDS is a Hazard Communication tool and should be used to assist in the Risk Assessment. Many factors determine whether the reported Hazards are Risks in the workplace or other settings. Risks may be determined by reference to Exposures Scenarios. Scale of use, frequency of use and current or available engineering controls must be considered.

Definitions and abbreviations

PCTWA: Permissible Concentration-Time Weighted Average PCSTEL: Permissible Concentration-Short Term Exposure Limit IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer ACGIH: American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists STEL: Short Term Exposure Limit TEEL: Temporary Emergency Exposure LimitIDLH: Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health Concentrations OSF: Odour Safety Factor NOAEL :No Observed Adverse Effect Level LOAEL: Lowest Observed Adverse Effect Level TLV: Threshold Limit Value LOD: Limit Of Detection OTV: Odour Threshold Value BCF: BioConcentration Factors BEI: Biological Exposure Index

This document is copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of private study, research, review or criticism, as permitted under the Copyright Act, no part may be reproduced by any process without written permission from CHEMWATCH.

Continued

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TEL (+61 3) 9572 4700.

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Issue Date: 01/01/2013 Print Date: 04/07/2017

end of SDS