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BS EN 13163:2012

BSI Standards Publication

Thermal insulation products


for buildings — Factory made
expanded polystyrene (EPS)
products — Specification
BS EN 13163:2012 BRITISH STANDARD

National foreword
This British Standard is the UK implementation of EN 13163:2012.
It supersedes BS EN 13163:2008, which is withdrawn.
The UK participation in its preparation was entrusted to
Technical Committee PRI/72/2, Polystyrene.
A list of organizations represented on this committee can be
obtained on request to its secretary.
This publication does not purport to include all the necessary
provisions of a contract. Users are responsible for its correct
application.
© The British Standards Institution 2013.
Published by BSI Standards Limited 2013.
ISBN 978 0 580 69978 8
ICS 91.100.60
Compliance with a British Standard cannot confer immunity
from legal obligations.
This British Standard was published under the authority of the
Standards Policy and Strategy Committee on 28 February 2013.
Amendments issued since publication
Date Text affected
BS EN 13163:2012

EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 13163


NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM November 2012

ICS 91.100.60 Supersedes EN 13163:2008

English Version

Thermal insulation products for buildings - Factory made


expanded polystyrene (EPS) products - Specification

Produits isolants thermiques pour le bâtiment - Produits Wärmedämmstoffe für Gebäude - Werkmäßig hergestellte
manufacturés en polystyrène expansé (EPS) - Spécification Produkte aus expandiertem Polystyrol (EPS) - Spezifikation

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 6 October 2012.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European
Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national
standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation
under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same
status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,
Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,
Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United
Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION


COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2012 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 13163:2012: E
worldwide for CEN national Members.
BS EN 13163:2012
EN 13163:2012 (E)

Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................5
1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................7
2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................7
3 Terms, definitions, symbols, units and abbreviated terms ...............................................................9
3.1 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................9
3.2 Symbols, units and abbreviated terms ............................................................................................. 10
4 Requirements ...................................................................................................................................... 13
4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 13
4.2 For all applications ............................................................................................................................. 13
4.3 For specific applications .................................................................................................................... 16
5 Test methods....................................................................................................................................... 22
5.1 Sampling .............................................................................................................................................. 22
5.2 Conditioning ........................................................................................................................................ 22
5.3 Testing ................................................................................................................................................. 23
6 Designation code ................................................................................................................................ 26
7 Evaluation of conformity .................................................................................................................... 27
7.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 27
7.2 Initial type testing ............................................................................................................................... 27
7.3 Factory production control ................................................................................................................ 27
8 Marking and labelling ......................................................................................................................... 27
Annex A (normative) ......................................................................................................................................... 29
A.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 29
A.2 Input data ............................................................................................................................................. 29
A.3 Declared values................................................................................................................................... 29
Annex B ............................................................................................................................................................ 31
B.1 Initial type testing and factory production control .......................................................................... 31
B.2 Indirect testing for factory production control ................................................................................ 36
Annex C ............................................................................................................................................................ 38
Annex D (normative) Multi layered EPS products ........................................................................................ 39
D.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 39
D.2 Requirements ...................................................................................................................................... 39
D.3 Test methods....................................................................................................................................... 40
D.4 Evaluation of conformity .................................................................................................................... 40
Annex E (informative) Verification of the reaction to fire classification of raw materials ........................ 41
E.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 41
E.2 Material covered by this annex ......................................................................................................... 41
E.3 Preparation of samples ...................................................................................................................... 41
E.4 Initial type tests for EPS raw material .............................................................................................. 41
E.5 Factory Production Control for EPS raw material ........................................................................... 42
E.6 Certification of conformity for EPS raw material ............................................................................. 42
E.7 Continuous surveillance of EPS raw material ................................................................................. 43

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

E.8 Material certificate for EPS raw material ........................................................................................... 43


E.9 Requirement for raw material supply ................................................................................................ 44
Annex F (informative) Additional properties .................................................................................................. 45
F.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 45
F.2 Long-term compressive behaviour ................................................................................................... 45
F.3 Shear behaviour .................................................................................................................................. 45
F.4 Water vapour diffusion resistance factor ......................................................................................... 46
F.5 Examples of determination of thermal conductivity ........................................................................ 46
F.6 Additional information ........................................................................................................................ 47
Annex ZA (informative) Clauses of this European Standard addressing the provisions of the EU
Construction Products directive ........................................................................................................ 48
Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 56

Tables

Table 1 — Classes of dimensional tolerances ...................................................................................................15

Table 2 — Dimensional stability under specified temperature or specified temperature and humidity conditions
.....................................................................................................................................................................16

Table 3 — Levels for compressive stress at 10 % deformation .........................................................................17

Table 4 — Levels for bending strength ..............................................................................................................17

Table 5 — Levels of deformation under specified compressive load and temperature conditions .................... 18

Table 6 — Levels for dynamic stiffness ..............................................................................................................20

Table 7 — Classes for thickness tolerances ......................................................................................................21

Table 8 — Levels for compressibility ..................................................................................................................21

Table A.1 — Values for k for one sided 90 % tolerance interval with a confidence level of 90 % .....................30

Table B.1 — Number of tests for ITT and minimum product testing frequencies ..............................................31

Table B.2 — Minimum product testing frequencies for the reaction to fire characteristics ................................34

Table C.1 — Classification of EPS products ......................................................................................................38

Table C.2 — Classification EPS products with acoustical properties ................................................................38

Table E.1 — Testing frequency of raw material .................................................................................................43

Table F.1 — Correlation between bending strength and shear strength ...........................................................45

Table F.2 —Tabulated values of water vapour diffusion resistance index and water vapour permeability .......46

Table ZA.1 — Relevant clauses for EPS and intended uses .............................................................................49

Table ZA.2 — Systems of attestation of conformity ...........................................................................................50

Table ZA.3.1 — Assignment of evaluation of conformity tasks for products under system 1 for reaction to fire
and system 3 for other characteristics ........................................................................................................51

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

Table ZA.3.2 – Assignment of evaluation of conformity tasks for products under system 3 or 3 combined with
system 4 for reaction to fire ........................................................................................................................ 52

Figures

Figure F.1 — Example of a relationship between thermal conductivity (at 50 mm reference thickness and 10
°C mean temperature) apparent density for indirect testing of non infrared absorbing EPS ..................... 47

Figure ZA.1 — Example CE marking information.............................................................................................. 55

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

Foreword
This document (EN 13163:2012) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 88 “Thermal insulating
materials and products”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical
text or by endorsement, at the latest by May 2013, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the
latest by May 2013.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent
rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the
European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document.

This document supersedes EN 13163:2008.

The main changes to EN 13163:2008 are:


a) better harmonisation between the individual standards of the package (EN 13162 to EN 13171) on
definitions, requirements, classes and levels;

b) new annex on multi-layered products;

c) new annex on voluntary verification of the reaction to fire classification of raw materials;

d) changes on some editorial and technical content and addition of information on some specific items such
as for EPS dimensional stability, compressibility;

e) addition of links to EN 15715, Thermal insulation products — Instructions for mounting and fixing for
reaction to fire testing — Factory made products;

f) changes to the Annex ZA.

This standard is one of a series of standards for thermal insulation products used in buildings, but this standard
may be used in other areas where appropriate.

In pursuance of Resolution BT 20/1993 revised, CEN/TC 88 have proposed defining the standards listed below
as a European package of standards.

The package of standards comprises the following group of interrelated standards for the specifications of
factory made thermal insulation products, all of which come within the scope of CEN/TC 88:

EN 13162, Thermal insulation products for buildings — Factory made mineral wool (MW) products —
Specification

EN 13163, Thermal insulation products for buildings — Factory made expanded polystyrene (EPS) products
— Specification

EN 13164, Thermal insulation products for buildings — Factory made extruded polystyrene foam (XPS)
products — Specification

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

EN 13165, Thermal insulation products for buildings — Factory made rigid polyurethane foam (PU) products
— Specification

EN 13166, Thermal insulation products for buildings — Factory made phenolic foam (PF) products —
Specification

EN 13167, Thermal insulation products for buildings — Factory made cellular glass (CG) products —
Specification

EN 13168, Thermal insulation products for buildings – Factory made wood wool (WW) products –
Specification

EN 13169, Thermal insulation products for buildings — Factory made expanded perlite board (EPB) products
— Specification

EN 13170, Thermal insulation products for buildings — Factory made products of expanded cork (ICB) —
Specification

EN 13171, Thermal insulation products for buildings — Factory made wood fibre (WF) products —
Specification

The reduction in energy used and emissions produced during the installed life of insulation products exceeds
by far the energy used and emissions made during the production and disposal processes.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following
countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech
Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece,
Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,
Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

1 Scope
This European Standard specifies the requirements for factory made expanded polystyrene products, with or
without rigid or flexible facings or coatings, which are used for the thermal insulation of buildings. The products
are manufactured in the form of boards or rolls or other preformed ware (flat, tapered, tongue and grooves,
shiplap, profiled etc.).

Products covered by this standard are also used for sound insulation and in prefabricated thermal insulation
systems and composite panels; the performance of systems incorporating these products is not covered.

This standard describes product characteristics and includes procedures for testing, evaluation of conformity,
marking and labelling.

This standard does not specify the required class or level of a given property to be achieved by a product to
demonstrate fitness for purpose in a particular application. The classes and levels required for a given
application are to be found in regulations or non-conflicting standards.

Products with a declared thermal resistance lower than 0,25 m²⋅K/W or a declared thermal conductivity at 10 °C
greater than 0,060 W/(m⋅K) are not covered by this standard.

This standard does not cover in-situ insulation products (covered by FprEN 16025-1 and -2), products intended
to be used for the insulation of building equipment and industrial installations (covered by EN 14309), products
intended to be used in civil engineering applications (covered by EN 14933) and products intended to be used in
beam and block systems in floors (covered by EN 15037-4).

2 Normative references
The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are
indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references,
the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 822, Thermal insulating products for building applications — Determination of length and width

EN 823, Thermal insulating products for building applications — Determination of thickness

EN 824, Thermal insulating products for building applications — Determination of squareness

EN 825, Thermal insulating products for building applications — Determination of flatness

EN 826, Thermal insulating products for building applications — Determination of compression behaviour

EN 1602, Thermal insulating products for building applications — Determination of the apparent density

EN 1603, Thermal insulating products for building applications — Determination of dimensional stability under
constant normal laboratory conditions (23 °C / 50 % relative humidity)

EN 1604, Thermal insulating products for building applications — Determination of dimensional stability under
specified temperature and humidity conditions

EN 1605, Thermal insulating products for building applications — Determination of deformation under
specified compressive load and temperature conditions

EN 1606, Thermal insulating products for building applications — Determination of compressive creep

EN 1607, Thermal insulating products for building applications — Determination of tensile strength perpendicular
to faces

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

EN 12085, Thermal insulating products for building applications — Determination of linear dimensions of test
specimens

EN 12086:1997, Thermal insulating products for building applications — Determination of water vapour
transmission properties

EN 12087, Thermal insulating products for building applications — Determination of long-term water absorption
by immersion

EN 12088, Thermal insulating products for building applications — Determination of long-term water
absorption by diffusion

EN 12089, Thermal insulating products for building applications — Determination of bending behaviour

EN 12090, Thermal insulating products for building applications — Determination of shear behaviour

EN 12091, Thermal insulating products for building applications — Determination of freeze-thaw resistance

EN 12429, Thermal insulating products for building applications — Conditioning to moisture equilibrium under
specified temperature and humidity conditions

EN 12431, Thermal insulating products for building applications — Determination of thickness for floating floor
insulation products

EN 12667, Thermal performance of building material and products — Determination of thermal resistance by
means of guarded hot plate and heat flow meter methods — Products of high and medium thermal resistance

EN 12939, Thermal performance of building materials and products — Determination of thermal resistance by
means of guarded hot plate and heat flow meter methods — Thick products of high and medium thermal
resistance

EN 13172:2012, Thermal insulation products — Evaluation of conformity

EN 13501-1, Fire classification of construction products and building elements — Part 1: Classification using data
from reaction to fire tests

EN 13793, Thermal insulating products for building applications — Determination of behaviour under cyclic
loading

EN 13820, Thermal insulating materials for building applications — Determination of organic content

EN 13823, Reaction to fire tests for building products — Building products excluding floorings exposed to the
thermal attack by a single burning item

EN 15715:2009, Thermal insulation products — Instructions for mounting and fixing for reaction to fire testing
— Factory made products

EN 29052-1, Acoustics — Determination of dynamic stiffness — Part 1: Materials used under floating floors in
dwellings (ISO 9052-1)

EN ISO 1182, Reaction to fire tests for building products — Non-combustibility test (ISO 1182)

EN ISO 1716, Reaction to fire tests for products — Determination of the gross heat of combustion (calorific
value) (ISO 1716)

EN ISO 9229:2007, Thermal insulation — Vocabulary (ISO 9229:2007)

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

EN ISO 11925-2, Reaction to fire tests — Ignitability of products subjected to direct impingement of flame — Part
2: Single-flame source test (ISO 11925-2)

ISO 16269-6:2005, Statistical interpretation of data — Part 6: Determination of statistical tolerance intervals

3 Terms, definitions, symbols, units and abbreviated terms

3.1 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 9229:2007 apply with exception
or in addition of the following:

3.1.1
expanded polystyrene (EPS)
rigid cellular plastic material, manufactured by moulding beads or granules of expandable polystyrene or one
of its copolymers, with an air filled closed cellular structure, which is divided into four types related to the
intended use:

 EPSi: for load bearing applications, where i stands for the declared value (expressed in compressive
stress at 10 % deformation)

 EPS S: for non load bearing applications

 EPS SD: for non load bearing applications with acoustic properties

 EPS T: for floating floor applications

3.1.2
expanded polystyrene block
rigid insulation product or material generally of rectangular cross section and with a thickness not significantly
smaller than the width, supplied trimmed or untrimmed

3.1.3
expanded polystyrene board
rigid insulation product (cut, moulded, or continuously foamed) of rectangular shape and cross section in
which the thickness is significantly smaller than the other dimensions; it may be of uniform thickness or
tapered and the edges may be of various sorts (e.g. square, half lapped, tongue and groove)

3.1.4
expanded polystyrene roll
boards or strips bonded to a flexible facing, supplied in a wound or folded form, which form a continuous
insulation layer when unrolled

3.1.5
preformed ware
insulation shapes formed by cutting or routing from blocks or boards or by shape moulding

3.1.6
level
value, which is the upper or lower limit of a requirement, and given by the declared value of the characteristic
concerned

3.1.7
class
combination of two levels of the same property between which the performance shall fall

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3.1.8
multi-layered insulation product
product which can be faced or coated made from two or more layers of a thermal insulation material from the
same European Standard, which are bonded together either horizontally by chemical or physical adhesion

3.1.9
composite insulation product
product which can be faced or coated, made from two or more layers bonded together by chemical or physical
adhesion consisting of at least one factory made thermal insulation material layer

3.1.10
facing
functional or decorative surface layer with a thickness of less than 3 mm, e.g. paper, plastic film, fabric or
metal foil, which is not considered as separate thermal insulation layer to be added to the thermal resistance
of the product

3.1.11
coating
functional or decorative surface layer with a thickness of less than 3 mm usually applied by painting, spraying,
pouring or trowelling, which is not considered as separate thermal insulation layer to be added to the thermal
resistance of the product

3.2 Symbols, units and abbreviated terms

Symbols and units used in this standard:

1-α is the prediction interval 1


b is the width mm

b0 is a regression coefficient kPa


b1 is a regression coefficient kPaxm³/kg
c is the compressibility mm

d is the thickness mm

δ is the water vapour permeability mg/(Pa⋅h⋅m)

dB is the thickness under a load of 2 kPa after removal of an additional load of 48 kPa mm

dL is the thickness under a load of 250 Pa mm


dN is the nominal thickness of the product mm

ds is the thickness of the test specimen mm

∆εb is the relative change in width %

∆εd is the relative change in thickness %


∆εl is the relative change in length %

ε1 is the deformation after step A in accordance with EN 1605 %

ε2 is the deformation after step B in accordance with EN 1605 %

εct is the compressive creep %

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

εl.max is the maximum relative deformation in accordance with EN 13793 %

εt is the total relative thickness reduction %

Edyn is the dynamic elasticity modulus MN/m²

G is the shear modulus kPa

i is a counter 1

k is a factor related to the number of test results available 1

l is the length mm
λ90, 90 is the 90 % fractile with a confidence level of 90 % for the thermal conductivity W/(m⋅K)
λD is the declared of thermal conductivity W/(m⋅K)

λi is one test result of thermal conductivity W/(m⋅K)

λmean is the mean thermal conductivity W/(m⋅K)

λpred is the predicted thermal conductivity with a prediction interval of 90 % W/(m⋅K)

λU is the design value of thermal conductivity W/(m⋅K)

µ is the water vapour diffusion resistance factor 1


n is the number of test results 1
ρa is the apparent density kg/m³

ρmean is the mean density kg/m³

R90/90 is the 90 % fractile with a confidence level of 90 % for the thermal resistance m²⋅K/W

RD is the declared thermal resistance m²⋅K/W

Ri is one test result of thermal resistance m²⋅K/W


Rmean is the mean thermal resistance m²⋅K/W

RU is the design value of thermal resistance m²⋅K/W

s' is the dynamic stiffness MN/m³


σ10 is the compressive stress at 10 % deformation kPa
σ10, mean is the mean compressive stress at 10 % deformation kPa
σ10, pred is the predicted compressive stress at 10 % deformation with a prediction interval kPa
of 90 %
σb is the bending strength kPa
σc is the compressive stress kPa
σi is the compressive stress chosen for testing according to EN 13793 kPa
σmt is the tensile strength perpendicular to faces kPa
Sb is the deviation from squareness on length and width mm/m

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

Sd is the deviation from squareness on thickness mm/m


sλ is the estimate of the standard deviation of the thermal conductivity W/(m⋅K)
Smax is the deviation from flatness mm
sR is the estimate of the standard deviation of the thermal resistance m²⋅K/W
sσ is the estimate of the standard deviation of the compressive stress kPa
t is the testing time d
tk,1-α is the fractile of the Student distribution (k is the number of freedoms) 1
τ is the shear strength kPa
WdV is the water absorption by diffusion %
Wlp is the long-term water absorption by partial immersion kg/m²
Wlt is the long-term water absorption by total immersion %
Wv is the additional water absorption %
X0 is the initial deformation after 60 s from the beginning of the loading mm

Xτ is the deformation at time t (total thickness reduction) mm

Z is the water vapour resistance m²⋅h⋅Pa/mg

BS is the symbol of the declared level for bending strength


CC (i1/i2/y) σc is the symbol of the declared level for compressive creep
CP is the symbol of the declared level for compressibility
CS(10) is the symbol of the declared level for compressive stress at 10 % deformation
DS(N) is the symbol of the declared class for dimensional stability under constant normal
laboratory conditions
DS(23,90); is the symbol of the declared level for dimensional stability under specified temperature and
DS(70,-); humidity conditions
DS(70,90)
DLT(5) is the symbol of the declared level for dimensional stability under load and temperature
conditions
FTCD is the symbol of the declared class for freeze-thaw resistance when using samples
prepared by water absorption by diffusion
FTCI is the symbol of the declared class for freeze-thaw resistance when using samples
prepared by long term water absorption by total immersion
GM is the symbol of the declared level for shear modulus
L is the symbol of the declared class for length tolerances
MU is the symbol of the declared water vapour diffusion behaviour
P is the symbol of the declared class for flatness
S is the symbol of the declared class for squareness
SD is the symbol of the declared level for dynamic stiffness
SS is the symbol of the declared level for shear strength
T is the symbol of the declared class for thickness tolerance

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

TR is the symbol of the declared level for tensile strength perpendicular to faces
W is the symbol of the declared class for width tolerance
WD(V) is the symbol of the declared level for water absorption by diffusion
WL(P) is the symbol of the declared level for long term water absorption by partial immersion
WL(T) is the symbol of the declared level for long term water absorption by total immersion
Z is the symbol of the declared water vapour resistance value

Abbreviated terms used in this standard:

EPS is Expanded PolyStyrene

ITT is Initial Type Test

FPC is Factory Production Control

RtF is Reaction to Fire

4 Requirements

4.1 General

Product properties shall be assessed in accordance with Clause 5. To comply with this standard, products shall
meet the requirements of 4.2, and the requirements of 4.3 as appropriate.

NOTE Information on additional properties is given in Annex F.

For multi-layered products, additional requirements are given in Annex D.

One test result for a product property is the average of the measured values on the number of test specimens
given in Table 9.

4.2 For all applications

4.2.1 Thermal resistance and thermal conductivity

Thermal resistance and thermal conductivity shall be based upon measurements carried out in accordance with
EN 12667 or EN 12939 for thick products.

The thermal resistance and the thermal conductivity shall be determined in accordance with Annex A and
declared by the manufacturer according to the following:

 the reference mean temperature shall be 10 ºC;

 the measured values shall be expressed with three significant figures;

 for products of uniform thickness, the thermal resistance, RD, shall always be declared. The thermal
conductivity, λD, shall be declared where possible. Where appropriate, for products of non-uniform
thickness (i.e. for sloped, tapered or shape moulded non flat products) only the thermal conductivity, λD,
shall be declared;

 the declared thermal resistance, RD, and the declared thermal conductivity, λD, shall be given as limit
values representing at least 90 % of the production, determined with a confidence level of 90 %;

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

 the statistical value of the thermal conductivity, λ90/90, shall be rounded upwards to the nearest 0,001
W/(m⋅K) and declared as λD in levels with steps of 0,001 W/(m⋅K);

 the declared thermal resistance, RD, shall be calculated from the nominal thickness, dN, or dL in case of
products with declared compressibility (see 4.3.15.4) and the corresponding thermal conductivity, λ90/90,
unless measured directly;

 the statistical value of the thermal resistance, R90/90, when calculated from the nominal thickness, dN, or dL
in case of products with declared compressibility (see 4.3.15.4) and the corresponding thermal
conductivity, λ90/90, shall be rounded downwards to the nearest 0,05 m²⋅K/W, and declared as RD in levels
with steps of 0,05 m²⋅K/W;

 the statistical value of thermal resistance, R90/90, for those products for which only the thermal resistance is
measured directly, shall be rounded downwards to the nearest 0,05 m²⋅K/W, and declared as RD in levels
with steps of 0,05 m²⋅K/W.

NOTE λU and RU (design values) may be determined with reference to EN ISO 10456 [8].

4.2.2 Length and width

Length, l, and width, b, shall be determined in accordance with EN 822. No test result shall deviate from the
nominal values by more than the tolerances given in Table 1 for the declared class.

4.2.3 Thickness

Thickness, d, shall be determined in accordance with EN 823. No test result shall deviate from the nominal
thickness, dN, by more than the tolerances given in Table 1 for the declared class.

This test shall not be performed when the tests described in 4.3.15 are used.

4.2.4 Squareness

Squareness, S, shall be determined in accordance with EN 824. The deviation from squareness on length and
width, Sbi, shall not exceed the tolerances given in Table 1, for the declared class.

4.2.5 Flatness

Flatness, P, shall be determined in accordance with EN 825. The maximum deviation from flatness, Smax, shall
not exceed the tolerances given in Table 1 for the declared class. This test is not applicable for EPS T
products.

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

Table 1 — Classes of dimensional tolerances

Tolerances
Property Class
Boards Rolls

Length L(2) ± 2 mm - 1%
L(3) ± 0,6 % or ± 3 mm
a + unrestricted

Width W(1) ± 1 mm ± 0,6 %


a
W(2) ± 2 mm or ± 1 mm
a
W(3) ± 0,6 % or ± 3 mm ± 0,6 %
a
or ± 3 mm
b
Thickness T(1) ± 1 mm
T(2) ± 2 mm
Squareness on S(1) ± 1 mm/m
length and width
S(2) ± 2 mm/m
S(5) ± 5 mm/m
c
Flatness P(3) 3 mm
P(5) 5 mm
P(10) 10 mm
P(15) 15 mm
P(30) 30 mm
a Whichever gives the greatest numerical tolerance.
b For further classes, see 4.3.15.1.
c Flatness is expressed per metres run.

4.2.6 Reaction to fire of the product as placed on the market

Reaction to fire classification of the product, as placed on the market, shall be determined in accordance with
EN 13501-1 and the basic mounting and fixing rules given in EN 15715.

NOTE This classification is compulsory and always included in the CE Marking label.

Detailed information about the test conditions and the field of application of the classification as stated in the
reaction to fire classification report shall be given in the manufacturer's literature.

4.2.7 Durability characteristics

4.2.7.1 General

The appropriate durability characteristics have been considered and are covered in 4.2.7.2, 4.2.7.3 and where
appropriate in 4.3.7 on compressive creep.

4.2.7.2 Durability of reaction to fire of the product as placed on the market against
ageing/degradation

The reaction to fire performance of EPS products as declared by 4.2.6 Reaction to fire of the product as
placed on the market does not change with time.

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4.2.7.3 Durability of thermal resistance and thermal conductivity against ageing/degradation

The thermal conductivity of EPS products does not change with time. This is covered and considered for
declaration by 4.2.1 Thermal conductivity and any change in thickness is covered by at least one of 4.3.2
Dimensional stability tests, as relevant.

4.3 For specific applications

4.3.1 General

If there is no requirement for a property described in 4.3 for a product in use, then the property does not need
to be determined and declared by the manufacturer.

4.3.2 Dimensional stability

Dimensional stability under constant normal laboratory conditions shall be determined in accordance with
EN 1603. The relative changes in length, ∆εl, and width, ∆εb, shall not exceed the values given in Table 2 for
the declared class.

Dimensional stability under specified temperature and humidity conditions shall be determined in accordance
with EN 1604. The relative changes in length, ∆εl, width, ∆εb, and thickness, ∆εd, shall not exceed the values
given in Table 2 for the declared class.

Table 2 — Dimensional stability under specified temperature or specified temperature and humidity
conditions

Requirement

Designation Condition Test method Length, ∆εl, Thickness,


and width, ∆εb, ∆ε d
% %
DS(N)5 23 ºC, 50 % R.H. EN 1603 ± 0,5
DS(N)2 23 ºC, 50 % R.H. EN 1603 ± 0,2
DS(23,90) 48 h, 23 ºC, 90 % R.H. EN 1604 1 1
DS(70,-)1 48 h, 70 ºC EN 1604 1 1
DS(70,-)2 48 h, 70 ºC EN 1604 2 2
DS(70,-)3 48 h, 70 ºC EN 1604 3 3
DS(70,-)5 48 h, 70 ºC EN 1604 5 5
DS(70,90)1 48 h, 70 ºC, 90 % R.H. EN 1604 1 1
DS(70,90)5 48 h, 70 ºC, 90 % R.H. EN 1604 5 5

The test DS (70,-) and DS (23,90) need not be performed when the test DS (70,90) is used.

NOTE Moisture does not affect the dimensional stability of EPS.

4.3.3 Squareness

Squareness, S, shall be determined in accordance with EN 824. The deviation from squareness on thickness,
Sd, shall not exceed 1 mm or 5 mm/m, whichever is the greater value.

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4.3.4 Compressive stress at 10 % deformation

Compressive stress at 10 % deformation, σ10, shall be determined in accordance with EN 826. No test result of
compressive stress at 10 % deformation, CS(10)i, shall be less than the value given in Table 3 for the declared
level.
Table 3 — Levels for compressive stress at 10 % deformation

Requirement
Level
kPa
CS(10)30 30
CS(10)50 50
CS(10)60 60
CS(10)70 70
CS(10)80 80
CS(10)90 90
CS(10)100 100
CS(10)150 150
CS(10)200 200
CS(10)250 250
Higher values, with steps of 10 kPa can also be declared.

NOTE The compression stress at 10 % deformation is not a design value.

If EPS products are classified according to Table C.1, the products shall fulfil the requirements of bending
strength given in Table C.1.

4.3.5 Bending strength

Bending strength, σb, shall be determined in accordance with EN 12089. The value of the bending strength, BS,
shall not be less than the value given in Table 4 for the declared level.

Table 4 — Levels for bending strength

Requirement
Level
kPa
BS50 50

BS 75 75

BS100 100

BS115 115

BS125 125

BS135 135

BS150 150

BS200 200

BS250 250

BS350 350

Higher values with steps of 5 kPa can also be declared.

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4.3.6 Tensile strength perpendicular to faces

Tensile strength perpendicular to faces, σmt, shall be determined in accordance with EN 1607. The test result of
tensile strength perpendicular to faces, TRi, shall be at least 20 kPa and the value shall be declared in levels with
steps of 10 kPa. No test result shall be less than the declared level.

4.3.7 Deformation under specified compressive load and temperature conditions

Deformation under specified compressive load and temperature conditions shall be determined in accordance
with EN 1605. For each set of conditions, the total of deformation under specified load and temperature
conditions shall not exceed the values given in Table 5 for the declared level.

Table 5 — Levels of deformation under specified compressive load and temperature conditions

Requirement
Level Condition
%
a
DLT(1)5 load: 20 kPa <5
temperature: (80 ± 1) °C
time: (48 ± 1) h
a
DLT(2)5 load: 40 kPa <5
temperature: (70 ± 1) °C
time: (168 ± 1) h
a
DLT(3)5 load: 80 kPa <5
temperature: (60 ± 1) °C
time: (168 ± 1) h
a
At thicknesses lower than 20 mm the requirement is 1 mm instead of 5 %.

4.3.8 Compressive creep

Compressive creep, εct, and total thickness reduction, Xt, shall be determined after at least one hundred twenty
two days of testing at a declared compressive stress, σc, given in steps of at least 1 kPa, and the results
extrapolated thirty times, corresponding to ten years, to obtain the declared levels in accordance with
EN 1606. Compressive creep shall be declared in levels, i2, and the total thickness reduction shall be declared
in levels, i1, with steps of 0,5 % at the declared stress. No test result shall exceed the declared levels at the
declared stress.

NOTE 1 Referring to the designation code CC(i1/i2/y)σc, according to Clause 6, a declared level CC(2,5/2/50)100 for
example, indicates a value not exceeding 2 % for compressive creep, and 2,5 % for total thickness reduction after
extrapolation at 50 years (i.e. 30 times six hundred and eight days of testing) under a declared stress of 100 kPa.

NOTE 2 Testing times. According to EN 1606, the procedure at 10, 25 and 50 years respectively require the following
testing times:

Extrapolation time Minimum testing time


years days
10 122
25 304
50 608

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4.3.9 Shear behaviour

Shear strength,τ, and/or shear modulus, G, shall be determined in accordance with EN 12090. The values of
shear strength, SSi, shall be declared in levels with steps of 5 kPa. The values of shear modulus, GMi, shall be
declared in levels with steps of 50 kPa. No test result shall be lower than the declared level.

4.3.10 Cyclic loading behaviour

Resistance to cycling compressive loading shall be determined in accordance with EN 13793. The relative
deformation, εl,max, in percent shall be after a defined number of load cycles and the applied compressive stress,
σi. The relative deformation, εl,max, shall be declared as level i. No test result shall exceed the declared level at
the declared number of load cycles and the declared compressive stress.

4.3.11 Water absorption

4.3.11.1 Long-term water absorption by immersion

Long-term water absorption by immersion shall be determined in accordance with EN 12087, either for partial
immersion, Wlp, or for total immersion, Wlt, or both.

The value of water absorption by partial immersion, WL(P)i, shall be declared in levels with steps of 0,1 kg/m².
No test result shall exceed the declared level.

The value of water absorption by total immersion, WL(T)i, shall be declared in levels with steps of 0,5 % by
volume. No test result shall exceed the declared level.

4.3.11.2 Long-term water absorption by diffusion

Long-term water absorption by diffusion, Wdv, shall be determined in accordance with EN 12088.

The value of long-term water absorption by diffusion, WD(V)i, shall be declared in levels with steps of 1 volume
%. No test result shall exceed the declared level.

NOTE The long-term water absorption by diffusion is not only used as an accelerated test but can also be used for
classification.

4.3.12 Freeze-thaw resistance

4.3.12.1 General

Freeze-thaw resistance shall be determined in accordance with EN 12091. After the freeze-thaw test the
reduction of compressive stress at 10 % deformation, σ10, of the re-dried specimens, when tested according to
EN 826 shall not exceed 10 % of the initial value.

The density of the samples should not vary more than ± 2 kg/m³ or ± 5 %, whichever is the greatest, to
prevent non-comparable results before and after the cycles.

NOTE Freeze-thaw test may be necessary to determine the durability of an insulation product when it is directly
exposed to the combined action of water and freeze-thaw cycles.

4.3.12.2 Freeze-thaw resistance after long term water absorption by total immersion

Freeze-thaw resistance after long term water absorption by total immersion test shall be determined using the
test specimens from 4.3.11.1.

The freeze-thaw resistance after long term water absorption by total immersion test, FTCIi, shall be declared
giving the additional water absorption, WV, in levels with steps of 1 % by volume. No test result shall be higher
than the declared level.

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4.3.12.3 Freeze-thaw resistance after long term water absorption by diffusion

Freeze-thaw resistance after long term water diffusion test shall be determined using the test specimens from
4.3.11.2.

The freeze-thaw resistance, after long term water absorption by diffusion test, FTCDi, shall be declared giving
the additional water absorption, WV, in levels with steps of 1 % by volume. No test result shall be higher than the
declared level.

4.3.13 Water vapour transmission

Water vapour transmission properties shall be determined in accordance with EN 12086 and declared as the
water vapour diffusion resistance factor, µ, for homogeneous products and as the water vapour resistance, Z, for
faced products. All test results of µ and/or all test results of Z shall be within the range declared by the
manufacturer.

In the absence of measurement data, the water vapour resistance diffusion factor, µ, of EPS products may be
chosen from Table F.2.

4.3.14 Dynamic stiffness

Dynamic stiffness, s’, shall be determined in accordance with EN 29052-1. No test result shall exceed the value,
SDi, given in Table 6, for the declared level.

Table 6 — Levels for dynamic stiffness


Requirement
Level
MN/m³
SD50 ≤ 50
SD40 ≤ 40
SD30 ≤ 30
SD25 ≤ 25
SD20 ≤ 20
SD15 ≤ 15
SD10 ≤ 10
SD9 ≤9
SD8 ≤8
SD7 ≤7
SD6 ≤6
SD5 ≤5

For products in level CP2 (see 4.3.15.4), if the imposed load exceeds 5,0 kPa, the dynamic stiffness, s', shall be
determined under the imposed load plus the self-weight of the screed.

For EPS T products, the requirement on dimensional stability DS (70,-) shall be maximum 5 % to keep the
declared dynamic stiffness.

4.3.15 Compressibility (only applicable on EPS T products)

4.3.15.1 General

The main application of products with declared compressibility properties is in floating floors.

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

4.3.15.2 Thickness, dL

The thickness, dL, shall be determined in accordance with EN 12431. No test result shall deviate from the
thickness, dL, by more than the tolerances given in Table 7 for the labelled class.

Table 7 — Classes for thickness tolerances

Tolerances
Class
Minimum Maximum
a a
T(1) -5 % or –1 mm +15 % or +3 mm
a
T(0) 0 +10 % or +2 mm for dL < 35 mm
a
+15 % or +3 mm for dL ≥ 35 mm
a
Whichever gives the greatest numerical tolerance.

NOTE The declared value of dL should preferably be indicated in steps of 5 mm, the smallest value of dL being
15 mm.

4.3.15.3 Thickness, dB

The thickness, dB, shall be determined in accordance with EN 12431 with a pause of 300 s before measuring
dB.

4.3.15.4 Compressibility, c

Compressibility, c, shall be determined as the difference between dL and dB. No test result shall exceed the
values given in Table 8 for the declared level.

Table 8 — Levels for compressibility

Imposed Compressibility, c
load on the Nominal Tolerance of test results
Level screed compressibility
kPa mm mm
CP5 ≤ 2,0 ≤5 ≤ 2 for dL < 35
CP4 ≤ 3,0 ≤4 ≤ 3 for dL ≥ 35

CP3 ≤ 4,0 ≤3
CP2 ≤ 5,0 ≤2 ≤ 1 for dL < 35
≤ 2 for dL ≥ 35

NOTE 1 A test result is the mean of the readings for the number of test specimen tested.

In case of tapered, profiled or other non-plan parallel products, the specimens should be made plan parallel
before testing.

NOTE 2 The levels of the imposed load on the screed are taken from EN 1991-1-1.

4.3.15.5 Long-term thickness reduction

If the imposed load on the screed exceeds 5 kPa, only products having a declared level of compressibility of
CP2 may be used and their long-term thickness reduction shall be determined.

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

The total thickness reduction, Xt = X0 + Xct shall be determined after one hundred and twenty two days of testing
at the imposed load plus the self-weight of the screed, in accordance with EN 1606 and extrapolated thirty times,
corresponding to ten years. The ten years value shall not exceed the declared level of compressibility c (see
4.3.15.4).

4.3.16 Apparent density

Apparent density, ρa, shall be determined in accordance with EN 1602.

NOTE Density is a production parameter, which can be used for indirect testing.

4.3.17 Reaction to fire of the product in standardised assemblies simulating end-use applications

Reaction to fire classification of products in standardised assemblies simulating end-use applications


excluding pipe insulation shall be determined in accordance with EN 13501-1 and the mounting and fixing
rules given in EN 15715.

This classification offers the opportunity to give a complementary and optional declaration on reaction to fire
for standard test configurations of assemblies which include the insulation product.

The number of selected test configuration of assembly (Table 5 of EN 15715:2009) which is used in the test
shall be quoted with the Euroclass.

Detailed information about the test conditions and the field of application of the classification as stated in the
reaction to fire classification report shall be given in the manufacturer’s literature.

4.3.18 Continuous glowing combustion

NOTE A test method is under development and the standard will be amended when this is available.

4.3.19 Release of dangerous substances

Thermal insulation products shall not release any regulated dangerous substances in excess of the maximum
permitted levels specified in relevant European or national regulations.

NOTE 1 European test methods are under development.

NOTE 2 See Annex ZA.

5 Test methods

5.1 Sampling

Test specimens shall be taken from the same sample with a total area not less than 1 m² and sufficient to cover
the needed tests. The shorter side of the sample shall not be less than 300 mm or a full size of the product,
whichever is smaller.

5.2 Conditioning

No special conditioning of the test specimens is needed, unless otherwise specified in the test standard except
for the determination of thermal conductivity. For determination of thermal conductivity the test specimens shall
be conditioned until constant mass, according to EN 12429, in an oven at a temperature of 70 °C.

In case of dispute, the test specimens shall be stored at (23 ± 2) °C and (50 ± 5) % relative humidity for at least
fourteen days prior to testing.

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5.3 Testing

5.3.1 General

Table 9 gives the dimensions of test specimens and the minimum number of measurements required to get one
test result and any specific conditions, which are necessary.

The test may be performed on the unfaced/uncoated product, if the facing/coating is known to have no relevance
to the test result.

5.3.2 Thermal resistance and thermal conductivity

Thermal resistance and thermal conductivity shall be determined in accordance with EN 12667 or EN 12939 for
thick products and under the following conditions:

 at a mean temperature of (10 ± 0,3) °C;

 after conditioning in accordance with 5.2;

Thermal resistance and the thermal conductivity may also be measured at mean temperatures other than
10 °C, providing that the accuracy of the relationship between temperature and thermal properties is
sufficiently well documented.

When measured thickness is used for testing of thermal resistance and thermal conductivity, the test
thickness should be the smallest of the measured points on the test specimen (and not the mean) as far as
possible to avoid any air gaps during testing.

Thermal resistance and thermal conductivity shall be determined directly at measured thickness. In the event
that this is not possible, they shall be determined by measurements on other thicknesses of the product
providing that:

 the product is of similar chemical and physical characteristics and is produced on the same production
unit;

 and it can be demonstrated in accordance with EN 12939 that the thermal conductivity does not vary
more than 2 % over the range of the thickness where the calculation is applied.

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Table 9 — Test methods, test specimens and conditions (1 of 2)

Test specimen
Clause Length and Minimum
a
width number of
Test Specific
Dimensions in measure-ments
method millimetres conditions
No Title to get one test
result

b
4.2.1 Thermal conductivity and EN 12667 or See EN 12667 1 –
thermal resistance EN 12939 or EN 12939
4.2.2 Length and width EN 822 Full-size 1 –
4.2.3 Thickness EN 823 Full-size 1 Load of
(250 ± 5) Pa
4.2.4 Squareness EN 824 Full-size 1 –
4.3.3
4.2.5 Flatness EN 825 Full-size 1 –
4.2.6 Reaction to fire of the product See EN 13501-1 and EN 15715 See EN
as placed on the market 15715:2009,
Clause 5
4.3.2 Dimensional stability under EN 1603 500 x 500 x d 3 Method B1
constant normal laboratory
conditions
4.3.2 Dimensional stability under EN 1604 200 × 200 x d 3 –
specified temperature and
humidity conditions
d
4.3.4 Compressive stress at 10 % EN 826 50 × 50 × d 5 Grinding
deformation
e e e
l * b *d 3

e
4.3.5 Bending strength EN 12089 300 ×150 × 50 or 3 Method B
(5 × d + 50) × 150
f
×d
d
4.3.6 Tensile strength perpendicular EN 1607 50 × 50 × d 5 –
to faces
e e e
l * b *d 3

d
4.3.7 Deformation under specified EN 1605 50 × 50 × d 5 Layers or
compressive load and coverings have
temperature conditions le * be *de 3 to be cut off

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

Table 9 (2 of 2)

Test
Clause specimen
Minimum
No Title Length and number of
a
Test width measure-
Dimensions in Specific conditions
method ments to
millimetres get one test
result

4.3.8 Compressive creep EN 1606 50 × 50 × 50 d 2 Grinding g


4.3.9 Shear behaviour EN 12090 50 x 250 x d h 5 or Single test specimen
3 Double test specimen
4.3.10 Dynamic load resistance EN 13793 150 x 150 x d 1 -
4.3.11.1 Long term water absorption by EN 12087 200 x 200 x d 3 Total immersion: Method
immersion 2A

4.3.11.2 Long term water absorption by EN 12088 500 × 500 x d 2 –


diffusion
4.3.12 Freeze-thaw resistance EN 12091 500 × 500 x d 3 Preparation by EN 12087,
method 2A or EN 12088
4.3.13 Water vapour transmission EN 12086 See 5 Set B
EN 12086:1997,
6.1
4.3.14 Dynamic stiffness EN 29052-1 200 × 200 x d 3 –

4.3.15.2 Thickness, dL EN 12431 –


4.3.15.3 Thickness, dB EN 12431 Measure 300 s after the
200 × 200 x d 3 preload has been
removed
Long term thickness reduction EN 1606 –
4.3.15.4
4.3.16 Apparent density EN 1602 Full-size 5 –
4.3.17 Reaction to fire of the product in See EN 13501-1 and EN 15715 See EN 15715:2009,
standardises assemblies 1 Clause 6
simulating end-use applications
c
4.3.18 Continuous glowing combustion - - -
c
4.3.19 Release of dangerous substances - - -
a Test specimen dimensions shall be determined in accordance with EN 12085.
b For calculation of the 90 % fractile and 90 % confidence level, the individual measurement shall be used.
c Not yet available.
d Sample size with thickness d < 50 mm.
e Sample size used for boards ≥ 50 mm.
f For boards of thickness d < 50 mm and shape moulded products.
g The specimens shall have the same thickness and shall not deviate in density more than 1,5 kg/m³.
h Maximum thickness 50 mm.

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6 Designation code
A designation code for the product shall be given by the manufacturer. The following shall be included except
when there is no requirement for a property described in 4.3:

 The expanded polystyrene abbreviated term EPS

 This European Standard number EN 13163

 Thickness tolerances Ti

 Length tolerances Li

 Width tolerances Wi

 Squareness for length and width Sbi

 Squareness for thickness Sdi

 Flatness tolerances Pi

 Dimensional stability under normal laboratory conditions DS(N)i

 Dimensional stability at specified temperature DS(70,-)i

 Dimensional stability under specified temperature and humidity conditions DS(23,90) or DS(70,90)i

 Bending strength BSi

 Compressive stress at 10 % deformation CS(10)i

 Dimensional stability under laboratory condition DS(N)i

 Deformation under specific compressive load and temperature DLT(i)5

 Tensile strength perpendicular to faces TRi

 Compressive creep CC(i1/i2/y)σc

 Long term water absorption by total immersion WL(T)i

 Long term water absorption by partial immersion WL(P)i

 Water absorption by diffusion WD(V)i

 Freeze thaw resistance after long term water absorption by total immersion FTCIi

 Freeze thaw resistance after long term water absorption by diffusion FTCDi

 Shear strength SSi

 Shear modulus GMi

 Water vapour diffusion transmission MUi or Zi

 Dynamic stiffness SDi

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

 Compressibility CPi

Where “i” shall be used to indicate the relevant class or level or the declared value and for compressive creep
the term „σc“ shall be used to indicate the compressive stress and “y” to indicate the number of years.

The designation code for an EPS product is illustrated by the following example:

EXAMPLE EPS – EN 13163 – T2 – L3 – W2 – Sb5 – P30 – BS100 – CS(10)60 – DS(N)5 – DLT(1)5 – TR50 –
WL(T)5 – WD(V)15

NOTE The characteristics determined in 4.2 are not included in the designation code if a limit value (threshold value)
is given for the product.

7 Evaluation of conformity

7.1 General

The manufacturer or his authorised representative shall be responsible for the conformity of his product with the
requirements of this European Standard. The evaluation of conformity shall be carried out in accordance with
EN 13172 and shall be based on initial type testing (ITT) and factory production control (FPC) by the
manufacturer, including product assessment and tests on samples taken at the factory.

The compliance of the product with the requirements of this standard and with the stated values (including levels
and classes) shall be demonstrated by:

 Initial type testing (ITT),

 Factory production control (FPC) by the manufacturer, including product assessment.

If a manufacturer decides to group his products it shall be done in accordance with EN 13172.

The manufacturer or his authorised representative shall make available, in response to a request, a certificate or
declaration of conformity as appropriate.

NOTE For the EC certificate and declaration of conformity, as appropriate, see ZA 2.2.

7.2 Initial type testing

All characteristics defined in 4.2 and those in 4.3 if declared shall be subject to initial type testing, in accordance
with Annex B of this standard.

For the relevant characteristics, ITT on products corresponding also to EN 13499, EN 14309, EN 14933 and
EN 15037-4 may be used for the purpose of ITT and declaration according to this standard.

7.3 Factory production control

The minimum frequencies of tests in the factory production control shall be in accordance with Annex B of this
standard. When indirect testing is used, the correlation to direct testing shall be established in accordance with
EN 13172.

For the relevant characteristics, FPC on products corresponding also to EN 13499, EN 14309, EN 14933 and
EN 15037-4 may be used for the purpose of FPC and declaration according to this standard.

8 Marking and labelling


Products conforming to this standard shall be clearly marked, either on the product or on the label or on the
packaging, with the following information:

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

 product name or other identifying characteristic;

 name and address of the manufacturer or identifying mark or his authorised representative;

 shift or time of production or traceability code;

 reaction to fire class of the product as placed on the market in accordance with 4.2.6 (RtF).

If tests on standardised assemblies have been performed according to Clause 6 of EN 15715:2009 then
the reaction to fire classification shall be added and identified with the designation “Standardised assembly
no. x” after the classification. This information shall be kept distinct from the CE-marking.

The number of the standardised assembly is taken from EN 15715:2009, Table 5. Refer to the
manufacturer’s literature (ML) for further information.

 declared thermal resistance;

 declared thermal conductivity;

 nominal thickness;

 designation code as given in Clause 6;

 nominal length;

 nominal width;

 type of facing, if any;

 number of pieces and area in the package, as appropriate;

 for EPS T products dL-c.

NOTE For CE marking and labelling see ZA.3.

EXAMPLE Additional voluntary information:

Any other voluntary information on the product such as:

 Reaction to fire for standardised assembly No. 1, 2, 3, 4

 Voluntary marks

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Annex A
(normative)

Determination of the declared values of thermal resistance and thermal


conductivity
A.1 General
It is the responsibility of the manufacturer to determine the declared values of thermal resistance and thermal
conductivity. He will have to demonstrate conformity of the product to its declared values. The declared values of
thermal resistance and thermal conductivity of a product are the expected values of these properties during an
economically reasonable working life under normal conditions assessed through measured data at reference
conditions.

A.2 Input data


The manufacturer shall have at least ten test results for thermal resistance or thermal conductivity, obtained from
internal or external direct measurements in order to calculate the declared values. The direct thermal resistance
or thermal conductivity measurements shall be carried out at regular intervals spread over a period of the last
twelve months. If less than ten test results are available, the time period may be extended until ten test results
are obtained, but with a maximum period of three years, within which the product and production conditions have
not changed significantly.

For new products, the ten thermal resistance or thermal conductivity test results shall be carried out spread over
a minimum period of ten days.

The declared values shall be calculated according to the method given in A.3 and shall be recalculated at
intervals not exceeding three months of production.

A.3 Declared values

A.3.1 General

The derivation of the declared values, RD and λD, from the calculated values, R90/90 and λ90/90, shall use the rules
given in 4.2.1 which include the rounding conditions.

A.3.2 Case where thermal resistance and thermal conductivity are declared

The declared values, RD and λD, shall be derived from the calculated values, R90/90 and λ90/90, which are
determined using Formulae (A.1), (A.2) and (A.3).

λ90, 90 = λmean + k × sλ (A.1)

∑ (λ i − λmean )²
sλ = i =1

n −1 (A.2)

R90/90 = dN / λ90/90 (A.3)

(or dL in case of products with declared compressibility (see 4.3.6.3)

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

Values for k shall be taken from Table A.1.

A.3.3 Case where thermal resistance is declared

The declared value, RD, shall be derived from the calculated value, R90/90, which is determined using Formulae
(A.4) and (A.5).

R90/ 90 = Rmean – k × sR (A.4)

∑ (R i − Rmean )²
sR = i =1

n −1 (A.5)

Values for k shall be taken from Table A.1.

Table A.1 — Values for k for one sided 90 % tolerance interval with a confidence level of 90 %

Number of test results n k


10 2,07
11 2,01
12 1,97
13 1,93
14 1,90
15 1,87
16 1,84
17 1,82
18 1,80
19 1,78
20 1,77
22 1,74
24 1,71
25 1,70
30 1,66
35 1,62
40 1,60
45 1,58
50 1,56
100 1,47
300 1,39
500 1,36
2000 1,32
For other numbers of test results use Table D.3 of ISO 16269-6:2005, or
linear interpolation.

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

Annex B
(normative)

Initial type testing (ITT) and factory production control (FPC)

B.1 Initial type testing and factory production control


Table B.1 — Number of tests for ITT and minimum product testing frequencies (1 of 3)

Clause ITTb,f FPC a,b,e,f

No. Title Minimum number Minimum testing frequency


of tests c
Direct testing Indirect testing

Test method Frequency

4.2.1 Thermal resistance and thermal 10 g 1 per 24 h or – –


conductivity

1 per year and weight per 1 per 2 h


moulded item or
density (using a
manufacturer’s
correlation)

4.2.2 Length and width 4 1 per 2 h – –

4.2.3 Thickness 4 1 per 2 h – –

4.2.4 Squareness 4 1 per 4 h Manufacturer’s 1 per 4 h


method

4.2.5 Flatness 4 1 per 8 h – –

4.2.6 Reaction to fire of the product as 1 See Table B.2


placed on the market

4.3.2. Dimensional stability under 4 1 per year – –


normal laboratory conditions

4.3.2 Dimensional stability under 4 1 per 5 years - -


specified temperature and
humidity conditions

4.3.3 Compressive stress at 10 % 4 1 per day or - -


deformation

1 per 3 month or and weight per 1 per 2 h


moulded item or
density (using a
manufacturer ‘s
correlation)

1 per year and weight per 1 per 2 h


moulded item or
density (using the
correlation given in
B.2.3)

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

Table B.1 — Number of tests for ITT and minimum product testing frequencies (2 of 3)

Clause ITTb,f FPC a,b,e,f

No. Title Minimum number of Minimum testing frequency


tests c
Direct testing Indirect testing

Test method Frequency

4.3.4 Bending strength 4 1 per day or – –

1 per 3 month and 1 per day


manufacturer’s
method

4.3.5 Tensile strength perpendicular 4 1 per week or


to faces

1 per 3 month and bending 1 per day


strength

4.3.6 Deformation under specified 4 1 per 5 years - -


compressive load and
temperature conditions

4.3.7 Compressive creep 4 1 per 10 years – –

4.3.8 Shear behaviour 4 1 per 5 years – Tabulated


values

4.3.9 Behaviour under cyclic loading 4 1 per 5 years – –

4.3.10 Long term water absorption 4 1 per 5 years – –


by immersion

4.3.11 Long term water absorption 4 1 per 5 years – –


by diffusion

4.3.12 Freeze-thaw resistance 4 1 per 5 years – –

4.3.13 Water vapour transmission 4 1 per 5 years – Tabulated


values

4.3.14 Dynamic stiffness h 4 1 per week – –

4.3.15.1 Thickness, dL 4 1 per day – –

4.3.15.3 Compressibility 4 1 per week _ _

4.3.17 Reaction to fire of the product 1 1 per 5 years 4.2.6 See Table B.2
in standardised assemblies
simulating end-use conditions
d d
4.3.18 Continuous glowing - -
combustion
d d
4.3.19 Release of dangerous - -
substances

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

Table B.1 — Number of tests for ITT and minimum product testing frequencies (3 of 3)

a In line with EN 13172, the minimum testing frequencies expressed in test results shall be understood as the minimum for each
production unit line under stable conditions. In addition to the testing frequencies given above, testing of relevant properties of the
product shall be repeated when changes or modifications are made that are likely to affect the conformity of the product.
b ITT, see EN 13172 and is only relevant if properties are declared.
c When a voluntary certification system is applied, the minimum number of 4 tests can be lowered to 2, see EN 13172.
d Minimum number of tests and frequencies are not given, as test methods are not yet available.
e No ITT or FPC testing is needed if a tabulated value is declared.
f For initial type testing of long-term thermal, mechanical and freeze-thaw properties test results of similar products produced at different
plants or lines will be recognised until testing for a new plant or line is completed. This is only permissible if a body notified for insulation
products approves the evidence, to be provided by the manufacturer, or the comparability of the production conditions (e.g. base
materials, technology, etc).
g A minimum of 10 tests are needed statistically with a minimum of 4 from the ITT.
h Dynamic stiffness is thickness dependent. This has to taken into account when grouping products. When compressibility also is
declared, the worst case always shall be checked.
Example for testing (when grouping):

Thickness (mm) Class Test

40 SD10 - CP3 SD10

50 SD10 - CP3 -

60 SD10 - CP3 CP3

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

Table B.2 — Minimum product testing frequencies for the reaction to fire characteristics (1 of 2)

Clause Minimum testing frequencya


Title Indirect testingc, d
No Reaction Direct testingb Componentse
Product
to fire Substantial Non-substantial
4.2.6 class Test method Frequency Test method Frequency Test method Frequency Test method Frequency

A1 1 per 3 monthsh or – – – – – –
without EN 13820 1 per 2 years and
testingh indirect testing – – Loss on ignition 1 per 4 h Weight per unit area 1 per 1 h

EN ISO 1182 Either loss on ignition


Loss on ignition 1 per 4 h 1 per 4 h
and 1 per 2 years and or calorific potential
A1 – –
EN ISO 1716 indirect testing
(and EN 13823) Apparent density 1 per 1 h weight per unit area 1 per 1 h

EN ISO 1182 Either loss on ignition


Loss on ignition 1 per 4 h 1 per 4 h
or or calorific potential
1 per 2 years and
A2 EN ISO 1716 – –
indirect testing
and Apparent density 1 per 1 h Weight per unit area 1 per 1 h
EN 13823
1 per month

g
EN ISO 11925-2 1 per week Manufacturer’s method 1 per week
or
EN ISO 11925-2 f
EN 13823 1 per 2 years and 1 per week
B (exposure = 30 s) (exposure = 30 s)
and indirect testing
C EN ISO 11925-2
D
(exposure = 30 s) 1 per week
f

or g
EN ISO 11925-2 1 per week Manufacturer’s method 1 per week
1 per 2 years and
indirect testing
(exposure = 30 s)

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

Table B.2 — Minimum product testing frequencies for the reaction to fire characteristics (2 of 2)

Minimum testing frequencya


Clause

Title Indirect testingc, d


No Reaction Direct testingb Componentse, f
Product
to fire Substantial Non-substantial
4.2.6 class Test method Frequency Test method Frequency Test method Frequency Test method Frequency

1 per week
f – – – – – –
EN ISO 11925-2 or 1 per week
g
E EN ISO 11925-2 Manufacturer’s method 1 per week
(exposure = 15 s) 1 per 2 years and (exposure = 15 s)
indirect testing

F – – – – – – – –

NOTE Not all Euroclasses may apply for the products conforming to this standard.
a The minimum testing frequencies, expressed in test results, shall be understood as the minimum for a product or a product group for each production unit/line under stable conditions. In addition to the
testing frequencies given above, testing of relevant properties of the product shall be repeated when changes or modifications are made that are likely to affect the conformity of the product.
b Direct testing may be conducted either by third party or by the manufacturer.
c Indirect testing shall be either on the product or on its components.
d Indirect testing is only possible in the case of products falling within the system 1 for attestation of conformity of reaction to fire, or by having a notified body verifying the correlation to the direct testing.
e Definition as given in the Euroclasses Decision, 2000/147/EC:
– Substantial component: A material that constitutes a significant part of a non-homogeneous product. A layer with a mass per unit area ≥ 1,0 kg/m2 or a thickness ≥ 1,0 mm is considered to be a
substantial component.
– Non-substantial component: A material that does not constitute a significant part of a non-homogeneous product. A layer with a mass per unit area < 1,0 kg/m2 and a thickness < 1,0 mm is
considered to be a non-substantial component.
f Unfaced products, i.e. uncovered insulating board, as in g) below.
g Products from raw materials without verification by a 3rd party of the reaction to fire classification shall be tested at a frequency of once per day.
NOTE See Annex E for verification of raw materials.
h European Decision 96/603EC: Materials to be considered as reaction to fire class A provided for in Decision 94/611/EC without the need for testing (of reaction to fire characteristics).

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

B.2 Indirect testing for factory production control

B.2.1 General

Indirect testing can only be used for factory production control purposes (not for declaration). If indirect testing
is used, the correlation between the directly tested and the indirect property shall be known and the approach
shall be calculated on a one sided 90 % prediction interval.

B.2.2 Compressive stress at 10 % deformation

To calculate the relationship between compressive stress at 10 % deformation and apparent density, Formula
B.1 shall be used.

For the regression: σ 10 ,mean = b0 + b1 ρ a (B.1)


1 ( ρ − ρ mean ) 2
For the lower confidence curve: σ 10, pred = σ 10,mean − t n−2,95% sσ 1 + + n
(B.2)
n
∑ (ρ
i =1
i − ρ mean ) 2

NOTE For the relationship between compressive stress at 10 % deformation and apparent density there is a large
amount of data collected in Europe. The curve in Figure B.1 has been calculated on this European data to which every
manufacturer may refer.

Key

σ10 [kPa] compressive stress


ρa [kg/m3] apparent density
1 compressive stress
2 predicted compressive stress
NOTE 1 - α = 0,90; n = 495

Figure B.1 — Relationship between compressive stress at 10 % deformation and apparent density for
indirect testing

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

Regression for ρa ≥ 11 kg/m³:

σ10, mean = 10,0 kPa⋅m³/kg × ρa – 81,0 kPa [kPa] (B.3)

σ10, pred ≈ 10,0 kPa⋅m³/kg × ρa – 109,1 kPa [kPa] (B.4)

B.2.3 Thermal conductivity

To calculate the relationship between thermal conductivity, apparent density and thickness Formula B.5 shall
be used.

b2
For the regression λmean = b0 + b1 p a + (B.5)
b3 / d + b4 p + b5

where b2 to b5 are regression coefficients.

r r
λ90 / 90 = λ pred = λmean + t n−5,95% sλ 1 + ρ T ⋅ C ⋅ ρ
For the upper confidence curve: (B.6)

B.2.4 Thickness effect

For boards of a thickness of at least 50 mm with a declared thermal conductivity equal or less than
0,038 W/(m⋅K) the thickness effect is negligible. The thickness effect for lower thicknesses and/or for greater
values of thermal conductivity can be derived by using Formula B.5.

B.2.5 Dynamic stiffness

Dynamic stiffness is dependent upon the thickness of a product.

Edyn ≈ s’ × dB (dB for the purpose of this formula is given in metres) (B.7)

If a certain product is provided with different levels of dynamic stiffness at different thicknesses, it is sufficient to
control the dynamic stiffness at that thickness which gives in conjunction with the dynamic stiffness the lowest
value of the dynamic elasticity modulus, Edyn. If the requirement of the most stringent combination of thickness
and dynamic stiffness is fulfilled, all other combinations of the same product are also covered.

NOTE If a product is manufactured under stable conditions with e. g. the following parameters,

dB s’ Edyn

20 mm 20 MN/m³ 400 kN/m²

30 mm 15 MN/m³ 450 kN/m²

35 mm 10 MN/m³ 350 kN/m²

it is sufficient to test whether the dynamic stiffness at the thickness dB = 35 mm is equal or lower than 10 MN/m³.

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

Annex C
(normative)

Product classification

EPS-Products are divided into types as shown in Tables C.1 and C.2. Type EPS T has specific impact sound
insulation properties. Each type, except EPS S and EPS SD which is not used in load bearing applications, shall
satisfy two different conditions at the same time in order to ensure adequate product performance.

Table C.1 — Classification of EPS products


Type Compressive stress Bending strength
at 10 % deformation
(minimum)

kPa kPa
EPS S – 50
EPS 30 30 50
EPS 50 50 75
EPS 60 60 100
EPS 70 70 115
EPS 80 80 125
EPS 90 90 135
EPS 100 100 150
EPS120 120 170
EPS 150 150 200
EPS 200 200 250
EPS 250 250 350
EPS 300 300 450
EPS 350 350 525
EPS 400 400 600
EPS 500 500 750
Other classification, related to compressive stress at 10 % deformation
(in steps of 10 kPa) also can be used. For the corresponding bending
strength linear interpolation (in steps of 5 kPa) can be used.

NOTE Only if the classification requirements given in Table C.1 are fulfilled, the properties given in F.2, F.3 and F.4
apply.

Table C.2 — Classification EPS products with acoustical properties

Bending strength
Type Compressibility Dynamic stiffness (minimum)
kPa
Level taken from
EPS SD 50
Table 6
Level taken from Level taken from
EPS T 50
Table 8 Table 6

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

Annex D
(normative)

Multi layered EPS products

D.1 General

EPS multi-layered insulation products are made from two or more layers of EPS thermal insulation material,
which are bonded together either horizontally and/or vertically.

Bonding includes both chemical and physical adhesion. The product may be faced or coated.

Declaration of the product shall follow the instructions of this standard with additional consideration of the
following items of this annex.

Ascertain if orientation is important for a property. If it has no effect, no extra test has to be done. The
orientation has to be mentioned if an effect is seen.

D.2 Requirements

D.2.1 For all applications

D.2.1.1 General

Integrity is a basic requirement of a multi-layered product, which shall not delaminate at the bond layer.

When required, adhesion of the layers shall be checked by tensile strength test.

D.2.1.2 Thermal resistance

Thermal resistance, RD of the multi-layered insulation product shall be declared either by using results from
direct measurement of the multi-layered product or by calculation with addition of the thermal resistances of
each of the layers.

For calculation the manufacturer shall take:

 the 90/90 measured values of the thermal resistance of each of the single layers;

 or the 90/90 measured thermal conductivity of each of the single layers together with the measured
thickness.

If the bonding changes the R-value of the multi-layered product by more than 2 %, the total thermal resistance
of the multi-layered product shall be determined by direct measurement only or the deviation caused by the
bonding shall be considered by adding an increment, if the calculation method with the single layers is used.

D.2.1.3 Length and width, thickness, squareness, flatness

Requirements for dimensional tolerances shall be valid for the multi-layered product as given in 4.2.2, 4.2.3,
4.2.4, 4.2.5 of this standard.

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

D.2.1.4 Reaction to fire

Reaction to fire classification of the product shall be determined for the total multi-layered product in
accordance with EN 13501-1 and with the mounting and fixing rules given in EN 15715.

D.2.1.5 Durability characteristics

Statements are valid for multi-layered products as given in 4.2.7 of this standard.

D.2.2 For specific applications

Instructions shall be followed as given in 4.3 of this standard.

Properties shall be determined and declared for the total multi-layered product.

D.3 Test methods


Instructions shall be followed as given in Clause 5 of this standard.

The multi-layered product shall be tested with all layers included. If the dimensions (e.g. thickness) of the total
multi-layered product are too large for the test apparatus, a representative smaller (e.g. thinner) specimen
may be cut, which shall include at least one bond layer.

D.4 Evaluation of conformity


Instructions shall be followed as given in Clause 7 of this standard.

Specials attention shall be given to the bonding. (e.g. the selection of bonding products and processing).

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

Annex E
(informative)

Verification of the reaction to fire classification of raw materials

E.1 General
When used for the evaluation of conformity of EPS products, the use of this annex is mandatory. For this
reason the text of the annex, where appropriate, is written in the imperative form.

The testing frequency for EPS products with a reaction to fire performance better than Euroclass F is given in
Table B.2 for products manufactured from raw materials with a certain chemical composition. This chemical
composition is controlled by raw material production.

This annex gives the conditions under which the decrease of FPC frequency for testing the reaction to fire of
specimens made from flame retardant EPS raw material according to Table B.2. Footnote g is allowed. The
preconditions are that products are manufactured solely from a specified, certified raw material, within defined
density limits, and produced in the way specified for this raw material.

The reaction to fire performance of the raw material is verified according to this annex, and shall be labelled
according to E.9.2. The certification of the raw material relates only to products for which the reaction to fire
Euroclass E according to EN 13501-1 is being claimed. The manufacturer of the EPS products continues to
be responsible for the FPC of the EPS products.

This annex is in accordance with the general rules of EN 13172.

E.2 Material covered by this annex


EPS raw material with flame retardant

Non-expanded polystyrene beads containing additives such as a flame retardant treatment and a blowing
agent.

EPS test specimen according to Annex E.

E.3 Preparation of samples


Samples of the expanded raw material shall be produced using all the procedures of the normal production
process for EPS.

Thickness and density shall be measured and exposure to thermal attack shall be tested and reported when
making the ignitability test in accordance with EN ISO 11925-2. The specimens shall be cut from samples as
described in EN ISO 11925-2.

NOTE Since EPS is an isotropic material, the direction of the samples is irrelevant.

The thickness of all test specimens shall be 10 mm and 60 mm for ITT.

E.4 Initial type tests for EPS raw material


Initial type tests shall be carried out on samples as described in E.3.

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

Test specimens, in thickness of 10 and 60 mm shall be made from the minimum and maximum density of EPS
product sample. The tests shall be performed in accordance with EN ISO 11925-2 with the thermal attack on
the edge.

E.5 Factory Production Control for EPS raw material

E.5.1 General

The raw material shall be produced, having a factory production control system in place as described in
EN 13172 to ensure the quality of production.

The continuous FPC of the raw materials shall be carried out by sampling EPS products produced at densities
between 15 kg/m³ and 20 kg/m³.

The density of all samples prepared shall be determined in accordance with EN 1602.

The tests shall be made and the results recorded in accordance with EN ISO 11925-2 with an exposure time
of 15 s and an observation time of 20 s; edge attack only.

All tests results shall fulfil the requirements to meet Euroclass E according to EN 13501-1.

E.5.2 Testing frequency

The tests shall be performed on one set of specimens per batch (or per production day whichever gives the
highest frequency) and per plant and type of polymer at a density between 15 kg/m³ and 20 kg/m³. The
thickness of the samples shall be 20 mm.

In addition, the minimum and maximum density shall be tested and recorded every three months. The
thickness of the samples shall be 20 mm.

The testing frequency can be reduced when compliance with 5.4.5.3 of EN 13172:2012 has been
demonstrated.

E.6 Certification of conformity for EPS raw material

E.6.1 Bodies involved in the evaluation of conformity procedure

Bodies involved are specified in EN 13172:2012, Annex A.

E.6.2 Test specimens

The number of test specimens to obtain one test result is specified in EN 13501-1 and EN ISO 11925-2.

E.6.3 Initial test

In order to use this verification it shall be checked whether the initial type tests have been performed taking
into account the more critical edge flame attack only (not the surface attack).

NOTE EN ISO 11925-2 requires both testing with surface and edge flame attack, but for this purpose only the more
critical test is performed.

The specimen thickness shall be 10 mm and 60 mm, for both the minimum and maximum density.

These two densities specify the density range for which the certificate is valid.

A classification report according to EN 13501-1 from an approved body is required for the initial test only.

This test shall be repeated every five years.

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

E.7 Continuous surveillance of EPS raw material

E.7.1 Production

In order to use this verification it shall be checked whether the plant has been inspected and samples at the
minimum and maximum density have been tested once per year. Different fractions of one production line can
be grouped together within the defined density range.

E.7.2 Factory production control

The FPC shall be checked once per year.

Table E.1 — Testing frequency of raw material

Density of
Thickness of
Test Frequency Test performed in the
the samples
samples
Initial type test 1 /5 years Raw material supplier 10 mm and Minimum
60 mm and
maximum
Factory production 1 / day or 1 / batch Raw material factory 20 mm Between
control (which gives the highest 15 kg/m³
frequency) and 20
kg/m³
Factory production 1 /3 months Raw material factory 20 mm Minimum
control and
maximum
Initial type test 1 /5 years Testing laboratory 10 mm and Minimum
60 mm and
maximum
Continuous 1 / year Testing laboratory 10 mm and Minimum
surveillance 60 mm and
maximum

E.8 Material certificate for EPS raw material


A raw material certificate shall be issued according to Annex A of EN 13172:2012. The validity of the
certificate shall be limited to five years.

The certificate cannot be used directly by the EPS producer, but can be used to reduce the testing frequency
in his FPC.

The certificate shall contain the following information:


 heading: “Certificate of conformity according to Annex E of EN 13163:2012”;

 certified EPS raw material. “EPS Products made of this raw material (not mixed with other materials) and
3 3
within a density range from …..kg/m to ……kg/m will fulfil the requirements of class E according to
EN 13501-1”;

 EPS raw material supplier;

 production plant;

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

 product name;

 issuing date and duration of validity of the certificate;

 “The validity of the certification of conformity shall be checked once a year. If a product no longer
complies with the requirements for this certificate, the EPS producer shall be informed immediately by the
raw material supplier”;

 name, address and identification number of the approved body.

E.9 Requirement for raw material supply

E.9.1 Declaration for the raw material supply

The raw material shall have affixed information on the containers or in the delivery documents, concerning the
certified EPS raw material only after the material certificate has been obtained and the corresponding FPC
requirements have been met. The certificate shall be in the files related to the EPS production. The validity
period of the material certificate shall be expressed by the declaration on the label.
In case of non-conformity, the material certificate shall immediately be ceased.

The validity of the certification shall be verified at least once a year, with reference to the annual test reports.

An example for this reference is:

“Test on samples made from the raw material demonstrates that products made from the raw material comply
with the requirements of EN 13163 for raw material, Euroclass E in accordance with EN 13501-1 (see test
reports…………) and that the certification of conformity has been verified. The next verification is due by
……(month, year)”.

E.9.2 Labelling

On the label of the raw material the following shall to be declared:

 certified raw material according to EN 13163:2012, Annex E;

 products made of this raw material will obtain Euroclass E in accordance with EN 13501-1;

 raw material supplier;

 production plant;

 product name;

 number of the certificate.

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

Annex F
(informative)

Additional properties

F.1 General
The manufacturer may choose to give information on the following additional properties.

When used, the instructions of this annex are mandatory. For this reason the text on this annex is written in
the imperative form.

F.2 Long-term compressive behaviour


EPS products meeting the requirements of Table C.1 will have by extrapolation a compressive creep
deformation of 2 % or less after 50 years, when subjected to a permanent compressive stress of 0,30 σ10.

NOTE See [10].

F.3 Shear behaviour


A correlation between bending strength and the shear strength, τ, is given in Table F.1. To measure the shear
strength it shall be determined in accordance with EN 12090.

Table F.1 — Correlation between bending strength and shear strength


Bending strength σB Shear strength τ
requirement correlation

kPa kPa
50 25
75 35
100 50
115 55
125 60
135 65
150 75
170 85
200 100
250 125
350 170
450 225
525 260
600 300
750 375

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

F.4 Water vapour diffusion resistance factor


Instead of testing the water vapour diffusion resistance factor, µ, in accordance with EN 12086, tabulated values
according to Table F.2 may be used.

Table F.2 —Tabulated values of water vapour diffusion resistance index and water vapour
permeability
Water vapour diffusion Water vapour permeability δ
Type resistance factor µ
1 mg/(Pa⋅h⋅m)
EPS 30 20 to 40 0,015 to 0,030
EPS 50 20 to 40 0,015 to 0,030
EPS 60 20 to 40 0,015 to 0,030
EPS 70 20 to 40 0,015 to 0,030
EPS 80 20 to 40 0,015 to 0,030
EPS 90 30 to 70 0,009 to 0,020
EPS 100 30 to 70 0,009 to 0,020
EPS 120 30 to 70 0,009 to 0,020
EPS 150 30 to 70 0,009 to 0,020
EPS 200 40 to 100 0,006 to 0,015
EPS 250 40 to 100 0,006 to 0,015
EPS 300 40 to 100 0,006 to 0,015
EPS 350 40 to 100 0,006 to 0,015
EPS 400 40 to 100 0,006 to 0,015
EPS 500 40 to 100 0,006 to 0,015
EPS T, EPS SD 20 to 40 0,015 to 0,030

F.5 Examples of determination of thermal conductivity


For the relationship between thermal conductivity and apparent density or weight by moulded item there is a
large amount of data collected in Europe. The curve in Figure F.1 has been calculated on this European data,
based on non infrared absorbent EPS. Every manufacturer may refer to such a curve, based on his own
measurements. In this statistical evaluation there is a simpler polynorm used as introduced in the CEN
Technical Report [11].

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

Key

λ thermal conductivity λ [W/ m⋅K]

ρ a apparent density ρa [kg/m3]

1 mean thermal conductivity

2 predicted thermal conductivity

NOTE 1 - α = 0,90; n = 3873

Figure F.1 — Example of a relationship between thermal conductivity (at 50 mm reference thickness
and 10 °C mean temperature) apparent density for indirect testing of non infrared absorbing EPS

Regression for 8 kg/m³ ≤ ρa ≤ 55 kg/m³:

λmean = 0,025314 W/(m⋅K) + 5,1743 × 10-5 Wm²/(kgK) × ρa + 0,173606 Wkg/(m4K) / ρa [W/(m⋅K)] (F.7)

λpred ≈ 0,027174 W/(m⋅K) + 5,1743 × 10-5 Wm²/(kgK) × ρa + 0,173606 Wkg/(m4K) / ρa [W/(m⋅K)] (F.8)

F.6 Additional information


EPS and any laminates containing it should not come into contact with any materials in the building which reacts
with the EPS causing it to dissolve or swell as can be the case with e. g. some solvent based adhesives, wood
preservatives and other substances.

47
BS EN 13163:2012
EN 13163:2012 (E)

Annex ZA
(informative)

Clauses of this European Standard addressing the provisions of the EU


Construction Products directive

ZA.1 Scope and relevant characteristics

This European Standard has been prepared under mandate M/1031) “Thermal insulation products” given to CEN
by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association.

The clauses of this European Standard, shown in Table ZA.1 below, meet the requirements of the
Mandate M/103 given under the EU Construction Products Directive (89/106/EEC).

Compliance with these clauses confers a presumption of fitness of the Factory made EPS covered by this annex
for its intended uses indicated herein; reference shall be made to the information accompanying the CE marking.

This annex establishes the conditions for the CE marking of the Factory made expanded polystyrene (EPS)
intended for the uses indicated in Table ZA.1 and shows the relevant clauses applicable.

This annex has the same scope as Clause 1 of this standard and is defined by Table ZA.1.

1) As amended by mandates M 126, M 130 and M 367.

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

Table ZA.1 — Relevant clauses for EPS and intended uses

Construction Products: Factory made expanded polystyrene (EPS) products as covered by the scope of
this standard
Intended uses: Thermal insulation for buildings
Requirement / Characteristic Requirement clauses in this European Classes or levels Notes
from the mandate Standard

Reaction to fire 4.2.6 Reaction to fire Euroclasses −


Continuous glowing combustion 4.3.18 Continuous glowing combustion

Water permeability 4.3.11 Water absorption − Levels

Release of dangerous substances to 4.3.19 Release of dangerous substances − −


the indoor environment

Direct airborne sound insulation index 4.3.14 Dynamic stiffness − Levels


a
Acoustic absorption index − −

Impact noise transmission index (for 4.3.14 Dynamic stiffness − Levels


floors)

4.3.15.3 Thickness, dL − Classes

4.3.15.4 Compressibility − Levels


f
Thermal resistance 4.2.1 Thermal resistance and thermal − Limit values
conductivity
4.2.3 Thickness − Classes

Water vapour permeability 4.3.11 Water vapour transmission − Tabulated values

Compressive strength 4.3.4 Compressive stress at 10 % deforma- − Levels


tion
4.3.3 Deformation under specified − Levels
compressive load and temperature conditions
b
Tensile/Flexural strength 4.3.6 Bending strength − Levels

4.3.6 Tensile strength perpendicular to faces − Levels


c d
Durability of reaction to fire against 4.2.7 Durability characteristics −
heat, weathering, ageing/degradation

Durability of thermal resistance 4.2.1 Thermal resistance – thermal − Limit values


against conductivity
e
heat, weathering, ageing/degradation 4.2.7 Durability characteristics − Classes

Durability of compressive strength 4.3.8 Compressive creep − Levels

against ageing and degradation 4.3.12 Freeze-thaw resistance − Limit value

4.3.15.4 Long term thickness reduction − Levels


a EPS products have no significant airborne sound absorption properties.
b For handling and installation.
c No change in reaction to fire properties for EPS products.
d The fire performance of EPS does not deteriorate with time.
e For thickness only.
f Thermal conductivity of EPS products does not change with time.

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EN 13163:2012 (E)

The requirement on a certain characteristic is not applicable in those Member States (MSs) where there are
no regulatory requirements on that characteristic for the intended use of the product. In this case,
manufactures placing their products on the market of these MSs are not obliged to determine nor declare the
performance of their products with regard to this characteristic and the option “No performance determined”
(NPD) in the information accompanying the CE marking (see ZA.3) may be used. The NPD option may not be
used, however, where the characteristic is subject to a threshold level (thermal resistance, thermal
conductivity and thickness).

ZA.2 Procedures for attestation of conformity of factory made EPS products


ZA.2.1 Systems of attestation of conformity

For products having more than one of the intended uses specified in the following families, the tasks for the
approved body, derived from the relevant systems of attestation of conformity, are cumulative.

The system of attestation of conformity for the factory made EPS products indicated in Table ZA.1 in
accordance with the decision of the European Commission of 95/204/EC of 31.04.95 revised by decision
th
99/91/EC of 25.01.99 amended by the decision 01/596/EC of 8 January and as given in Annex III of the
mandate M103 as amended by mandates M126, M130 and M367 is shown in Tables ZA.2 for the indicated
intended use(s).
Table ZA.2 — Systems of attestation of conformity

Product(s) Intended use(s) Level(s) Attestation of


conformity
or class(es)
system(s)
(reaction to fire)

a
Thermal insulation products For uses subject to (A1, A2, B, C) 1
(Factory made products) regulations on
reaction to fire
b
(A1, A2, B, C) , D, E
3

c
(A1 to E) , F 3 (with 4 for
RtF)

Any - 3
System 1: See CPD Annex III.2.(i), without audit-testing of samples

System 3: See CPD Annex III.2.(ii), Second possibility

System 4: See CPD Annex III.2.(ii), Third possibility

a Products/materials for which a clearly identifiable stage in the production process results in an improvement of the reaction to fire
classification (e.g. an addition of fire retardants or a limiting of organic material).
b a
Products/materials not covered by footnote ( ).
c Products/materials that do not require to be tested for reaction to fire (e.g. Products/materials of classes A1 according to
Commission Decision 96/603/EC, as amended).

The system of attestation of conformity for the CE marking for the factory made expanded EPS is defined in
b
accordance with Annex ZA (see ZA.2.1). For expanded polystyrene (EPS) products the footnote of Table
ZA.2 applies except when it can be demonstrated that to the notified body for a particular product that no

50
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EN 13163:2012 (E)

stage in the production process will result in an improvement of the reaction to fire classification (see Table
b
ZA.2, footnote ).

The attestation of conformity of the factory made expanded polystyrene (EPS) products in Table ZA.1 shall be
based on the evaluation of conformity procedures indicated in Tables ZA.3.1 to ZA.3.2 resulting from
application of the clauses of this or other European Standard indicated herein.

Where more than one table applies for the product (i.e. because its intended use makes different
characteristics relevant), Table ZA.3.1 has to be read in conjunction with subsequent tables in order to
determine which characteristics assigned to the manufacturer in Table ZA.3.1 are type tested by a notified test
lab (system 3) and which by the manufacturer (system 4).

Table ZA.3.1 — Assignment of evaluation of conformity tasks for products under system 1 for reaction
to fire and system 3 for other characteristics

Evaluation of
Tasks Content of the task conformity clauses
to apply

Clauses 1 to 5,
Factory production Parameters related to all relevant Annexes B and C of
control (FPC) characteristics of Table ZA.1 EN 13172:2012
7.3 of this standard
Tasks under the
responsibility of Further testing of
the manufacturer samples taken Annex B of this
at All relevant characteristics of Table ZA.1
standard
factory

Those relevant characteristics of Table Clause 6 of


Initial type testing by
ZA.1 not tested by the notified laboratory EN 13172:2012
the manufacturer
and certification body 7.2 of this standard

Thermal resistance
Tasks under Release of dangerous substances a Clause 6 of
responsibility of a b
EN 13172:2012
Initial type testing Compressive strength ((for load
notified
laboratory bearing applications) 7.2 of this standard
Water permeability (if relevant)
Clause 6 of
b Reaction to fire EN 13172:2012
Initial type testing
7.2 of this standard

Tasks under the Parameters related to all relevant Annex B and C of


responsibility of Initial inspection of characteristics of Table ZA.1, namely EN 13172:2012
the notified factory and of FPC reaction to fire. 7.3 of this standard
certification body
Continuous
Parameters related to all relevant Annex B of
surveillance,
characteristics of Table ZA.1, namely EN 13172:2012
assessment and
reaction to fire 7.3 of this standard
approval of FPC

a No test method available as yet.


b Sampling shall be carried out as defined in 5.1.

51
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EN 13163:2012 (E)

Table ZA.3.2 – Assignment of evaluation of conformity tasks for products under system 3 or 3
combined with system 4 for reaction to fire
Evaluation of
Tasks Content of the task conformity clauses to
apply
Tasks under the Factory Production Parameters related to all Clause 7 of this standard
responsibility of the Control (FPC) relevant characteristics and
manufacturer of Table ZA.1 relevant for Clauses 1 to 5 of
the intended use EN 13172:2012 and:
For system 3 Annex C of
EN 13172:2012
For system 3 (with 4 for
RtF) Annex C and D of
EN 13172:2012
Initial type testing by the Those relevant Clause 7 of this standard
manufacturer characteristics of Table and
ZA.1 not tested by the Clause 6 of
notified test lab including EN 13172:2012
reaction to fire for
system 4
Initial type testing by a - Reaction to fire Clause 7 of this standard
notified test laboratory (system 3) and
- Thermal resistance / Clause 6 of
thermal conductivity EN 13172:2012
- Release of dangerous
a-
substances -- ---
- Compressive stress at
10 % deformation (for
load bearing
applications)
- Water permeability (if
relevant)
a
No test method available as yet.

ZA.2.2 EC certificate and declaration of conformity

(In case of products under system 1 combined with system 3): When compliance with the conditions of this
annex is achieved, the certification body shall draw up a certificate of conformity (EC Certificate of conformity),
which entitles the manufacturer to affix of the CE marking. The certificate shall include:

 name, address and identification number of the certification body;

 name and address of the manufacturer, or his authorised representative established in the EEA, and
place of production;

NOTE 1 The manufacturer may also be the person responsible for placing the product onto the EEA market, if he takes
responsibility for CE marking.

 description of the product (type, identification, use, ...);

 provisions to which the product conforms (e.g. Annex ZA of this European Standard);

 particular conditions applicable to the use of the product (e.g. provisions for use under certain conditions,
etc.);

 the number of the certificate;

52
BS EN 13163:2012
EN 13163:2012 (E)

 conditions of validity of the certificate, where applicable;

 name of, and position held by, the person empowered to sign the certificate.

In addition, the manufacturer shall draw up a declaration of conformity (EC Declaration of conformity)
including the following:

 name and address of the manufacturer, or his authorised representative established in the EEA;

 name and address of the certification body;

 description of the product (type, identification, use, ...), and a copy of the information accompanying the
CE marking;

NOTE 2 Where some of the information required for the Declaration is already given in the CE marking information, it
does not need repeated.

 provisions to which the product conforms (e.g. Annex ZA of this European Standard);

 particular conditions applicable to the use of the product (e.g. provisions for use under certain conditions,
etc.);

 number of the accompanying EC Certificate of conformity;

 name of, and position held by, the person empowered to sign the declaration on behalf of the
manufacturer or of his authorised representative.

(In case of products under system 3 or (3 and 4)): When compliance with the conditions of this annex is
achieved, the manufacturer or his agent established in the EEA shall prepare and retain a declaration of
conformity (EC Declaration of conformity), which entitles the manufacturer to affix the CE marking. This
declaration shall include:

 name and address of the manufacturer, or his authorised representative established in the EEA, and
place of production;

NOTE 3 The manufacturer may also be the person responsible for placing the product onto the EEA market, if he takes
responsibility for CE marking.

 description of the product (type, identification, use,...), and a copy of the information accompanying the
CE marking;

NOTE 4 Where some of the information required for the declaration is already given in the CE marking information, it
does not need to be repeated.

 provisions to which the product conforms (e.g. Annex ZA of this European Standard);

 particular conditions applicable to the use of the product, (e.g. provisions for use under certain conditions,
etc);

 name and address of the notified laboratory(ies);

 name of, and position held by, the person empowered to sign the declaration on behalf of the
manufacturer or his authorised representative.

The above mentioned EC declaration of conformity and EC certificate of conformity shall be presented in the
language or languages accepted in the Member State in which the product is to be used.

The validity of the declaration/certificate shall be verified at least once a year.

53
BS EN 13163:2012
EN 13163:2012 (E)

From 1 July 2013, the manufacturer should issue a declaration of performance in accordance with the
o
Construction Product Regulation n 305/2011.

ZA.3 CE Marking and labelling


The manufacturer or his authorised representative within the EEA is responsible for the affixing of the CE
marking. The CE marking symbol to affix shall be in accordance with Directive 93/68/EEC and shall be shown
on the product itself, or on the accompanying label or on the packaging. The following information shall
accompany the CE marking symbol:

 identification number of the certification body (only for products under system 1);

 name or identifying mark and registered address of the manufacturer (see Note 1 in ZA.2.2);

 the last two digits of the year in which the marking is affixed;

 number of the EC Certificate of conformity (if relevant);

 reference to this European Standard with the date of version;

 description of the product: generic name, material, dimensions, ….and intended use;

 information on those relevant essential characteristics listed in Table ZA.1 which are to be declared
presented as:

 standard designation(s) in combination with declared values as described in Clauses 6 and 8


(covering the characteristics of Table ZA.1);

 “No performance determined” for characteristics where this is relevant.

The “No performance determined” (NPD) option may not be used where the characteristic is subject to a
threshold level. Otherwise, the NPD option may be used when and where the characteristic, for a given
intended use, is not subject to regulatory requirements in the Member state of destination.

Figure ZA.1 gives an example of the information related to products subject to attestation of conformity system
1 and to be given on the product, label packaging and/or commercial documents.

54
BS EN 13163:2012
EN 13163:2012 (E)

CE conformity marking, consisting of the


“CE”-symbol given in Directive
93/68/EEC.

Identification number of the certification


body (for products under system 1)

01234

Name or identifying mark and registered


Any Co Ltd, PO Box 21, B-1050
address of the producer
12
Last two digits of the year in which the
01234-CPD-00234 marking was affixed

Certificate number (for products under


system 1)

EN 13163:2012 No. of dated version of European


Standard
Description of product
EPS board
Information on regulated characteristics

Reaction to fire – Euroclass


RtF – C
2 Declared thermal resistance
RD - 2,6 m ⋅K/W
Declared thermal conductivity
λD - 0,034 W/m·K
Nominal thickness
dN - 90 mm
Designation code (in accordance with
EPS - EN 13163 – T2 – L3 – W2 – P30 - DS(70;90)3 - Clause 6 of this standard for the relevant
CS(10)250 - BS350 characteristics according to Table ZA.1)

Figure ZA.1 — Example CE marking information

55
BS EN 13163:2012
EN 13163:2012 (E)

Bibliography

[1] EN 13499, Thermal insulation products for buildings — External thermal insulation composite systems
(ETICS) based on expanded polystyrene — Specification

[2] EN 14933, Thermal insulation and light weight fill products for civil engineering applications — Factory
made products of expanded polystyrene (EPS) — Specification

[3] EN 15037-4, Precast concrete products — Beam-and-block floor systems — Part 4: Expanded
polystyrene blocks

[4] EN 14309, Thermal insulation products for building equipment and industrial installations — Factory made
products of expanded polystyrene (EPS) — Specification

[5] prEN 16025-1, Themal and/or sound insulating products in building construction — Bound EPS
ballastings — Part 1: Requirements for factory premixed EPS dry plaster

[6] prEN 16025-2, Themal and/ or sound insulating products in building construction — Bound EPS
ballastings — Part 2: Processing of the factory premixed EPS dry plaster

[7] EN 1991-1-1, Eurocode 1: Actions on structures — Part 1-1: General actions — Densities, self-weight,
imposed loads for buildings

[8] EN ISO 10456, Building materials and products — Hygrothermal properties — Tabulated design values
and procedures for determining declared and design thermal values (ISO 10456)

[9] ISO 12491, Statistical methods for quality control of building materials and components

[10] Struik, L. C. E., Physical aging in amorphous polymers and other materials, Elsevier Scientific
Publishing Company, 1978.

[11] CEN Technical Report, Analysis, selection and statistical treatment of thermal properties of building
materials for the preparation of harmonised design values, 1999

56
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