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Universidad de Talca

Facultad de Ingeniería
Departamento de Tecnologías Industriales

Tablas de propiedades
térmicas

Dr. - Ing. Gonzalo E. Salinas-Salas


Ingeniero Civil Mecánico

2015
Superficies termodinámicas y diagramas para agua

Superficies termodinámicas y diagramas para todas las sustancias excepto agua

Constante universal de los gases: R0 = 8.314 J/kmol·K


R0
Constante particular de los gases: R
M gas
Ecuación Técnica de Estado: P v  z R T

Evaluación de los calores específicos de gases en función de su estructura molecular

Estructura molecular del gas u h Cp


Cv  Cp  k
T V Cte T P Cte
Cv

Mono atómico 3 5 1,667


R R
2 2

Bi atómico 5 7 1,400
R R
2 2

Poli atómico 3·R 4·R 1,333


Diagrama psicométrico

Propiedades de sólidos a presión atmosférica y 20⁰C

Sólido Densidad Calor especifico Conductividad térmica Difusividad térmica


3 2
kg/m J/kg·K W/m·K µm /s

Acero 7.850 465 43 14,74

Acero inoxidable 7.865 460 19 5,26

Aluminio 2.787 833 164 66,80

Cobre 8.954 383 386 11,66

Concreto 2.100 880 1.37 1.31

Ladrillo 1.800 840 0,80 0,31

Ladrillo refractario 3.000 0,84 0,50 0,92

Lana mineral 200 4,81 0,04 0,34

Madera 1419 2.720 0,150 0,12


Propiedades de líquidos a presión atmosférica y 20⁰C

Líquido Formula Densidad Calor Viscosidad Conductividad Número de


química especifico dinámica térmica Prandt
3
kg/m kJ/kg·K mPa·s W/m·K -

Aceite SAE 40 - 881 1,880 1054,4835 0,138 10,000

Agua H2O 998,3 4,186 1,0000 0,598 7,010

Amoniaco NH3 612 4,810 0,5882 0,521 2,020

Glicerina C2H3(OH)3 1.264 2,390 933,5443 0,286 12,500

Mercurio Hg 13.580 0,138 0,0081 8,690 0,025

Refrigerante 12 CCl2F2 1.329 0,960 0,1505 0,042 2,170

Propiedades de gases a presión atmosférica y 20⁰C

Gas Formula Masa Calor especifico Relación de Viscosidad Conductividad


química molecular a presión calores dinámica térmica
constante específicos
kg/kmol kJ/kg·K - µPa·s W/m·K

Aire - 28,95 1,005 1,40 18,2 0,0430

Acetileno C2H2 26,02 1,591 1,25 9,9 0,0215

Amoniaco NH3 17,03 2,177 1,30 9,9 0,0246

Dióxido de CO2 44,00 0,837 1,30 14,9 0,0164


carbono

Hidrogeno H2 2,01 14,240 1,40 9,1 0,1780

Metano CH4 16,03 2,230 1,30 11,2 0,0339

Nitrógeno N2 28,02 1,030 1,40 18,2 0,0260

Oxigeno O2 32,00 0,900 1,40 19,8 0,0265

Refrigerante 12 CCl2F2 120,90 0,628 1,14 12,8 0,0091


Propiedades del agua

Temperatura Densidad Calor especi- Conductivi- Viscosidad Coeficiente Número de


fico a presión dad térmica dinámica de expansión Prandt
constante volumétrica

T ρ Cp k μ β Pr
(ºC) (kg/m^3) (kJ/kg·K) (W/m·K) (mPa·s) (1/K) (-)

0,01 1000,0 4,210 0,5610 1,780 -0,070 13,67


5 1000,0 4,204 0,5705 1,520 0,160
10 999,8 4,193 0,5800 1,310 0,088 9,47
15 999,2 4,186 0,5893 1,140 0,151
20 998,3 4,183 0,5984 1,000 0,207 7,01
25 997,1 4,181 0,6071 0,890 0,257
30 995,7 4,179 0,6154 0,798 0,303 5,43
35 994,1 4,178 0,6232 0,719 0,345
40 992,3 4,179 0,6305 0,653 0,385 4,34
45 990,2 4,181 0,6373 0,596 0,420
50 988,0 4,182 0,6435 0,547 0,457 3,56
55 986,0 4,183 0,6492 0,504 0,486
60 983,0 4,185 0,6543 0,467 0,523 2,99
65 980,0 4,188 0,6589 0,434 0,544
70 978,0 4,191 0,6631 0,404 0,585 2,56
75 975,0 4,194 0,6668 0,378 0,596
80 972,0 4,198 0,6700 0,355 0,643 2,23
85 968,0 4,203 0,6728 0,334 0,644
90 965,0 4,208 0,6753 0,314 0,665 1,96
95 962,0 4,213 0,6774 0,297 0,687
100 958,0 4,219 0,6791 0,281 0,752 1,75

Propiedades del aire

Temperatura Densidad Calor especi- Conductivi- Viscosidad Coeficiente Número de


fico a presión dad térmica dinámica de expansión Prandt
constante volumétrica

T ρ Cp k μ β Pr
(ºC) (kg/m^3) (kJ/kg·K) (W/m·K) (μPa·s) (1/K) (-)

-150 2,793 1,026 0,0116 8,60244 0,00821 0,760


-100 1,980 1,009 0,016 11,78100 0,00582 0,740
-50 1,534 1,005 0,0204 14,64970 0,00451 0,725
0 1,293 1,005 0,0243 17,19690 0,00367 0,715
20 1,205 1,005 0,0257 18,20755 0,00343 0,713
40 1,127 1,005 0,0271 19,12519 0,00320 0,711
60 1,067 1,009 0,0285 20,16630 0,00300 0,709
80 1,000 1,009 0,0299 20,94000 0,00283 0,708
100 0,946 1,009 0,0314 21,81476 0,00268 0,703
120 0,898 1,013 0,0328 22,65654 0,00255 0,700
140 0,854 1,013 0,0343 23,52770 0,00243 0,695
160 0,815 1,017 0,0358 24,32775 0,00232 0,690
180 0,779 1,022 0,0372 25,15391 0,00221 0,690
200 0,746 1,026 0,0386 25,83398 0,00211 0,685
250 0,675 1,034 0,0421 27,78975 0,00191 0,680
300 0,616 1,047 0,0454 29,47560 0,00175 0,680
350 0,566 1,055 0,0485 31,15830 0,00161 0,680
400 0,524 1,068 0,0515 32,76572 0,00149 0,680
Tabla 5.2: Propiedades de Agua Líquida y Vapor Saturado (T de 273 a Tc)

P P T Volume. m3/kg internal energy KJ/kg enthalpy. KJ/kg entropy. kJ/(kg-K)


MPa atm K VL VG UL UG HL HG SL SG
0.00061 0.0059 273.15 0.001000 206.1 0.0 2377.3 0 2500.9 0 9.1555
0.00080 0.0077 276.92 0.001000 159.7 15.4 2382.4 15.4 2507.8 0.0559 90,566
0.0010 0.0097 280.13 0.001000 129.2 28.6 2386.9 28.6 2513.7 0.1034 89,748
0.0012 0.0116 282.81 0.001000 108.7 39.7 2390.7 39.7 2518.7 0.1429 89,083
0.0014 0.0136 285.13 0.001001 93.92 49.3 2393.9 49.3 2522.9 0.1768 88,522
0.0016 0.0155 287.17 0.001001 82.76 57.8 2396.8 57.8 2526.7 0.2065 88,037
0.0018 0.0174 288.99 0.001001 74.03 65.5 2399.3 65.5 2530.0 0.2330 87,610
0.0020 0.0194 290.65 0.001002 67.00 72.4 2401.5 72.4 2533.0 0.2569 87,228
0.0025 0.0242 294.23 0.001002 54.25 87.5 2406.5 87.5 2539.6 0.3083 86,423
0.0030 0.0291 297.23 0.001003 45.67 100.1 2410.7 100.1 2545.1 0.3510 85,768
0.0040 0.0387 302.12 0.001004 34.80 120.7 2417.3 120.7 2553.9 0.4197 84,738
0.0050 0.0484 306.03 0.001005 28.19 137.2 2422.7 137.2 2561.0 0.4740 83,943
0.0060 0.0581 309.31 0.001007 23.74 151.0 2427.1 151.0 2566.9 0.5191 83,296
0.0080 0.0775 314.66 0.001009 18.10 173.7 2434.4 173.7 2576.5 0.5915 82,279
0.010 0.0969 318.96 0.001010 14.67 191.8 2440.3 191.8 2584.2 0.6488 81,494
0.012 0.1162 322.57 0.001012 12.36 207.1 2445.1 207.1 2590.6 0.6964 80,855
0.014 0.1356 325.70 0.001013 10.69 220.3 2449.3 220.3 2596.1 0.7371 80,317
0.016 0.1550 328.47 0.001015 9.433 231.9 2452.9 231.9 2601.0 0.7728 79,852
0.018 0.1743 330.96 0.001016 8.445 242.4 2456.1 242.4 2605.3 0.8045 79,442
0.020 0.1937 333.22 0.001017 7.649 251.9 2459.2 251.9 2609.3 0.8332 79,077
0.025 0.2421 338.12 0.001020 6.204 272.6 2465.5 272.6 2617.7 0.8947 78,306
0.030 0.2906 342.26 0.001022 5.229 289.9 2470.9 289.9 2624.8 0.9458 77,678
0.040 0.3874 349.02 0.001026 3.993 318.3 2479.6 318.3 2636.3 10,279 76,692
0.050 0.4843 354.48 0.001030 3.24 341.2 2486.4 341.3 2645.4 10,930 75,931
0.060 0.5811 359.09 0.001033 2.732 360.5 2492.2 360.6 2653.0 11,471 75,312
0.080 0.7748 366.65 0.001038 2.087 392.2 2501.5 392.3 2665.3 12,344 74,338
0.10 0.9685 372.78 0.001043 1.694 417.9 2508.8 418.0 2675.0 13,038 73,586
0.10325 1.00 373.14 0.001043 1.673 419.4 2506.1 419.5 2675.6 13,079 73,541
0.12 1.16 377.96 0.001047 1.428 439.6 2515.0 439.7 2683.1 13,617 72,973
0.14 1.36 382.46 0.001051 1.237 458.5 2520.1 458.6 2690.0 14,115 72,456
0.16 1.55 386.47 0.001054 1.091 475.3 2524.7 475.5 2696.0 14,553 72,009
0.18 1.74 390.09 0.001058 0.9775 490.6 2528.8 490.8 2701.4 14,945 71,615
0.20 1.94 393.38 0.001061 0.8857 504.5 2532.4 504.7 2706.2 15,300 71,263
0.30 2.91 406.70 0.001073 0.6058 560.9 2546.6 561.2 2724.9 16,710 69,911
0.40 3.87 416.78 0.001084 0.4625 603.9 2556.6 604.3 2738.1 17,755 68,951
0.50 4.84 425.01 0.001093 0.3749 639.3 2564.3 639.8 2748.2 18,594 68,205
0.60 5.81 432.00 0.001101 0.3157 669.5 2570.5 670.1 2756.4 19,299 67,592
0.80 7.75 443.59 0.001115 0.2404 719.8 2580.0 720.7 2768.7 20,451 66,620
1.0 9.69 453.06 0.001127 0.1944 761.4 2586.9 762.5 2777.6 21,378 65,857
1.2 11.62 461.14 0.001139 0.1633 797.2 2592.1 798.5 2784.4 22,160 65,225
1.4 13.56 468.22 0.001149 0.1408 828.6 2596.2 830.2 2789.6 22,838 64,685
1.6 15.50 474.56 0.001159 0.1238 857.0 2599.2 858.8 2793.6 23,440 64,210
1.8 17.43 480.30 0.001168 0.1104 882.8 2601.7 884.9 2796.7 23,981 63,786
2.0 19.37 485.57 0.001176 0.09963 906.6 2603.6 908.9 2799.1 24,474 63,401
2.5 24.21 497.15 0.001197 0.07998 959.5 2606.4 962.4 2802.6 25,549 62,567
3.0 29.06 507.05 0.001216 0.06668 1005.1 2607.4 1008.7 2803.7 26,461 61,861
4.0 38.74 523.55 0.001252 0.04978 1082.7 2605.6 1087.6 2801.0 27,968 60,693
5.0 48.43 537.14 0.001286 0.03944 1148.2 2600.4 1154.5 2793.9 29,206 59,726
6.0 58.11 548.79 0.001319 0.03244 1205.9 2592.9 1213.7 2783.9 30,271 58,884
7.0 67.80 559.03 0.001352 0.02737 1258.1 2583.7 1267.4 2771.7 31,216 58,125
8.0 77.48 568.22 0.001385 0.02352 1306.1 2572.9 1317.0 2757.5 32,073 57,424
10 96.85 584.22 0.001453 0.01803 1393.6 2547.4 1407.9 2724.3 33,600 56,133
11 106.5 591.30 0.001489 0.01599 1434.1 2532.6 1450.2 2705.2 34,296 55,520
12 116.2 597.90 0.001527 0.01426 1473.2 2516.5 1491.2 2684.4 34,960 54,916
13 125.9 604.09 0.001567 0.01278 1511.1 2498.8 1531.1 2661.8 35,599 54,316
14 135.6 609.90 0.001610 0.01149 1548.3 2479.4 1570.4 2637.2 36,220 53,710
16 155.0 620.59 0.001710 0.009307 1622.1 2434.1 1648.9 2580.2 37,441 52,448
18 174.3 630.22 0.001840 0.007492 1698.9 2376.5 1731.4 2508.8 38,703 51,039
20 193.7 638.96 0.002041 0.005836 1788.4 2295.0 1828.5 2409.5 40,172 49,265
22.09 213.9 647.29 0.003155 0.003155 2030.4 2030.4 2098.8 2098.8 44,289 44,289

Advertencia: Los valores de entropía presentados en la tabla de vapor saturado están multiplicados
por 10. (El
Apuntes de valor real implica
Termodinámica dividir
2012 (Dr. el presentado
José por 10)
O. Valderrama, Univ. de La Serena-Chile) 51
Tabla 5.3: Propiedades de Vapor Recalentado (P de 0.01-0.04 MPa y T de 350-700 K)
P.Mpa T.K
(Tsat.K) sat 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700
3
0.001 v.m /kg 129.2 161.5 184.6 207.7 230.7 253.8 276.9 300 323.1
(280.1) H kj/kg 2513.7 2644.4 2739.0 2834.7 2931.8 3030.2 3130.1 3231.7 3334.8
s.kJ/(kg-K) 8.9748 9.3913 9.6439 9.8693 10.0737 10.2614 10.4353 10.5978 10.7506
u.kJ/kg 2384.5 2482.9 2554.4 2627.1 2701 2776.4 2853.2 2931.7 3011.7
3
0.0020 v.m /kg 67.00 80.73 92.28 103.8 115.4 126.9 138.4 150 161.5
(290.7) h kj/kg 2533.0 2644.3 2738.9 2834.7 2931.7 3030.2 3130.1 3231.6 3334.8
s.kJ/(kg-K) 8.7228 9.071 9.3238 9.5493 9.7538 9.9414 10.1153 10.2779 10.4307
u.kJ/kg 2399.0 2482.8 2554.4 2627.0 2701.0 2776.4 2853.2 2931.7 3011.7
3
0.0040 v.m /kg 34.80 40.35 46.13 51.91 57.68 63.45 69.22 74.99 80.76
(302.1) h kj/kg 2553.9 2644.0 2738.8 2834.6 2931.7 3030.1 3130.1 3231.6 3334.8
s.kJ/(kg-K) 8.4738 8.7504 9.0035 9.2292 9.4338 9.6215 9.7954 9.9579 10.1108
u.kJ/kg 2414.7 2482.6 2554.2 2627.0 2700.9 2776.3 2853.2 2931.6 3011.7
3
0.0070 v.m /kg 20.53 23.04 26.35 29.66 32.96 36.25 39.55 42.85 46.15
(312.2) h kj/kg 2572.0 2643.5 2738.5 2834.4 2931.5 3030.0 3130.0 3231.6 3334.7
s.kJ/(kg-K) 8.2750 8.4911 8.7447 8.9707 9.1753 9.3631 9.5371 9.6996 9.8525
u.kJ/kg 2428.3 2482.2 2554.0 2626.8 2700.8 2776.3 2853.2 2931.6 3011.7
3
0.010 v.m /kg 14.67 16.12 18.44 20.75 23.07 25.38 27.69 29.99 32.3
(319.0) h kj/kg 2584.2 2643.0 2738.2 2834.2 2931.4 3030.0 3130.0 3231.5 3334.7
s.kJ/(kg-K) 8.1494 8.3254 8.5796 8.8058 9.0106 9.1984 9.3724 9.5349 9.6878
u.kJ/kg 2437.5 2481.8 2553.8 2626.7 2700.8 2776.2 2853.1 2931.6 3011.7
0.020 v.m3/kg 7.649 8.044 9.21 10.37 11.53 12.68 13.84 14.99 16.15
(333.2) h kj/kg 2609.3 2641.4 2737.3 2833.7 2931.0 3029.7 3129.7 3231.3 3334.5
s.kJ/(kg-K) 7.9077 8.0019 8.2579 8.4849 8.6901 8.8781 9.0522 9.2148 9.3698
u.kJ/kg 2456.3 2480.6 2553.1 2626.3 2700.5 2776.0 2852.9 2931.4 3011.6
3
0.040 v.m /kg 3.993 4.005 4.595 5.179 5.759 6.339 6.917 7.495 8.073
(349.0) h kj/kg 2636.3 2638.2 2735.5 2832.5 2930.3 3029.1 3129.3 3231 3334.3
s.kJ/(kg-K) 7.6692 7.6747 7.9344 8.1631 8.369 8.5574 8.7318 8.8945 9.0476
u.kJ/kg 2476.6 2478 2551.7 2625.4 2699.9 2775.6 2852.6 2931.2 3011.3
P. Mpa T.K
(Tsat.K) 750 800 850 900 950 1000 1050 1100 1150
3
0.0010 v.m /kg 346.1 369.2 392.3 415.4 438.4 461.5 484.6 507.7 530.7
(1.280.1) h kj/kg 3439.6 3546.1 3654.3 3764.3 3876 3989.5 4104.7 4221.7 4340.5
s.kJ/(kg-K) 10.8952 11.0327 11.1639 11.2896 11.4104 11.5268 11.6392 11.7481 11.8556
u.kJ/kg 3093.5 3176.9 3262.0 3348.9 3437.6 3528.0 3620.2 3714.1 3809.7
3
0.0020 v.m /kg 173.1 184.6 196.1 207.7 219.2 230.8 242.3 253.8 265.4
(290.7) h kj/kg 3439.6 3546.1 3654.3 3764.3 3876.0 3989.5 4104.7 4221.7 4340.5
s.kJ/(kg-K) 10.5753 10.7128 10.844 10.9697 11.0905 11.2069 11.3193 11.4282 11.5337
u.kJ/kg 3093.5 3176.9 3262.0 3348.9 3437.6 3528.0 3620.2 3714.1 3809.7
3
0.0040 v.m /kg 86.53 92.3 98.07 103.8 109.6 115.4 121.1 126.9 132.7
(302.1) h kj/kg 3439.6 3546.1 3654.3 3764.3 3876.0 3989.5 4104.7 4221.7 4340.5
s.kJ/(kg-K) 10.2554 10.3929 10.5241 10.6498 10.7706 10.887 10.9994 11.1083 11.2138
u.kJ/kg 3093.4 3176.9 3262.0 3348.9 3437.6 3528.0 3620.1 3714.1 3809.7
3
0.0070 v.m /kg 49.45 52.74 56.04 59.34 62.63 65.93 69.23 72.52 75.82
(312.2) h kj/kg 3439.5 3546 3654.3 3764.3 3876.0 3989.5 4104.7 4221.7 4340.5
s.kJ/(kg-K) 9.9971 10.1346 10.2658 10.3915 10.5123 10.6287 10.7412 10.85 10.9556
u.kJ/kg 3093.4 3176.9 3262.0 3348.9 3437.6 3528.0 3620.1 3714.1 3809.7
3
0.010 v.m /kg 34.61 36.92 39.23 41.54 43.84 46.15 48.46 50.77 53.07
(319.0) h kj/kg 3439.5 3546.0 3654.3 3764.2 3876.0 3989.5 4104.7 4221.7 4340.4
s.kJ/(kg-K) 9.8324 9.9699 10.1011 10.2269 10.3477 10.4641 10.5765 10.6854 10.791
u.kJ/kg 3093.4 3176.8 3262.0 3348.9 3437.5 3528.0 3620.1 3714.1 3809.7
3
0.020 v.m /kg 17.30 18.46 19.61 20.77 21.92 23.07 24.23 25.38 26.54
(333.2) h kj/kg 3439.4 3545.9 3654.2 3764.2 3875.9 3989.4 4104.7 4221.7 4340.4
s.kJ/(kg-K) 9.5124 9.6499 9.7812 9.9069 10.0277 10.1442 10.2566 10.3655 10.471
u.kJ/kg 3093.3 3176.8 3261.9 3348.8 3437.5 3527.9 3620.1 3714 3809.7
3
0.040 v.m /kg 8.650 9.228 9.805 10.38 10.96 11.54 12.11 12.69 13.27
(349.0) h kj/kg 3439.2 3545.7 3654.0 3764 3875.8 3989.3 4104.6 4221.6 4340.3
s.kJ/(kg-K) 9.1923 9.3299 9.4611 9.5869 9.7077 9.8242 9.9366 10.0455 10.1511
u.kJ/kg 3093.1 3176.6 3261.8 3348.7 3437.4 3527.8 3620.0 3714.0 3809.6

Apuntes de Termodinámica 2012 (Dr. José O. Valderrama, Univ. de La Serena-Chile) 52


Tabla 5.4: Propiedades de Vapor Recalentado (P de 0.07 a 2 MPa y T de 700 a 750 K )
P.Mpa T.K
(Tsat.K) sat 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750
0.070 v.m3/kg 2.365 2.617 2.953 3.287 3.619 3.950 4.281 4.612 4.942
(363.1) h kj/kg 2659.6 2732.7 2830.8 2929.1 3028.3 3128.7 3230.5 3333.8 3438.8
s.kJ/(kg-K) 7.4789 7.6707 7.9019 8.1090 8.2980 8.4727 8.6357 8.7889 8.9337
u.kJ/kg 2494.0 2549.5 2624.1 2699.0 2774.9 2852.1 2930.8 3011.0 3092.9
0.101325 v.m3/kg 1.673 1.802 2.036 2.268 2.498 2.727 2.956 3.185 3.413
(373.1) h kj/kg 2675.6 2729.7 2829.0 2927.9 3027.4 3128.0 3229.9 3333.4 3438.4
s.kJ/(kg-K) 7.3541 7.4942 7.7281 7.9365 8.1261 8.3012 8.4644 8.6177 8.7627
u.kJ/kg 2506.0 2547.2 2622.7 2698.1 2774.3 2851.6 2930.4 3010.7 3092.6
0.20 v.m3/kg 0.8857 0.9024 1.025 1.144 1.262 1.379 1.495 1.612 1.728
(393.4) h kj/kg 2706.2 2720.2 2823.2 2924.0 3024.6 3125.8 3228.2 3332.0 3437.3
s.kJ/(kg-K) 7.1263 7.1616 7.4044 7.6168 7.8085 7.9847 8.1486 8.3024 8.4477
u.kJ/kg 2529.0 2539.7 2618.3 2695.2 2772.2 2850.1 2929.1 3009.7 3091.8
0.40 v.m3/kg 0.4625 0.5053 0.5671 0.6273 0.6866 0.7455 0.8040 0.8624
(416.8) h kj/kg 2738.1 2811.0 2916.0 3018.8 3121.5 3224.8 3329.2 3435.0
s.kJ/(kg-K) 6.8951 7.0634 7.2848 7.4808 7.6594 7.8248 7.9795 8.1255
u.kJ/kg 2553.1 2608.9 2689.1 2767.9 2846.8 2926.6 3007.6 3090.0
0.70 v.m3/kg 0.2729 0.2822 0.3197 0.3552 0.3899 0.4240 0.4579 0.4915
(438.1) h kj/kg 2763.1 2791.3 2903.4 3010.0 3114.8 3219.5 3325.0 34315
s.kJ/(kg-K) 6.7072 6.7709 7.0073 7.2104 7.3928 7.5605 7.7168 7.8637
u.kJ/kg 2572.1 2593.7 2679.6 2761.3 2841.9 2922.7 3004.4 3087.4
1.0 v.m3/kg 0.1944 0.2206 0.2464 0.2712 0.2955 0.3194 0.3432
(453.1) h kj/kg 2777.6 2890.2 3000.9 3108.0 3214.2 3320.7 3428.0
s.kJ/(kg-K) 6.5857 6.8223 7.0333 7.2198 7.3898 7.5476 7.6956
u.kJ/kg 2583.2 2669.6 2754.5 2836.8 2918.8 3001.3 3084.8
2.0 v.m3/kg 0.09963 0.1044 0.1191 0.1326 0.1454 0.1578 0.1701
(485.6) h kj/kg 2799.1 2840.5 2968.4 3084.5 3196.1 3306.2 3416.1
s.kJ/(kg-K) 6.3401 6.4242 6.6683 6.8704 7.0491 7.2122 7.3639
u.kJ/kg 2599.8 2631.8 2730.2 2819.4 2905.3 2990.5 3075.9
P.Mpa T,K
(Tsat.K) 800 850 900 950 1000 1050 1100 1150 1200
0.070 v.m3/kg 5.272 5.602 5.932 6.262 6.592 6.922 7.251 7.581 7.911
(363.1) h kj/kg 3545.4 3653.8 3763.8 3875.6 3989.1 4104.4 4221.5 4340.2 4460.7
s.kJ/(kg-K) 9.0713 9.2027 9.3284 9.4493 9.5658 9.6783 9.7872 9.8927 9.9953
u.kJ/kg 3176.4 3261.6 3348.6 3437.3 3527.7 3619.9 3713.9 3809.5 3906.9
0.101325 v.m3/kg 3.641 3.870 4.098 4.326 4.554 4.781 5.009 5.237 5.465
(373.1) h kj/kg 3545.1 3653.5 3763.6 3875.4 3989.0 4104.3 4221.3 4340.1 4460.6
s.kJ/(kg-K) 8.9004 9.0317 9.1576 9.2785 9.3950 9.5075 9.6164 9.7220 9.8245
u.kJ/kg 3176.2 3261.4 3348.4 3437.1 3527.6 3619.8 3713.8 3809.4 3906.8
0.20 v.m3/kg 1.844 1.959 2.075 2.191 2.306 2.422 2.537 2.653 2.768
(393.4) h kj/kg 3544.2 3652.7 3762.9 3874.8 3988.5 4103.8 4220.9 4339.7 4460.3
s.kJ/(kg-K) 8.5856 8.7172 8.8432 8.9642 9.0808 9.1933 9.3023 9.4079 9.5105
u.kJ/kg 3175.5 3260.8 3347.9 3436.7 3527.2 3619.4 3713.4 3809.1 3906.6
0.40 v.m3/kg 0.9206 0.9787 1.037 1.095 1.153 1.210 1.268 1.326 1.384
(416.8) h kj/kg 3542.2 3651.1 3761.5 3873.6 3987.4 4102.9 4220.1 4339.0 4459.6
s.kJ/(kg-K) 8.2639 8.3959 8.5221 8.6433 8.7601 8.8728 8.9818 9.0875 9.1901
u.kJ/kg 3174.0 3259.6 3346.8 3435.8 3526.4 3618.7 3712.8 3808.6 3906.0
0.70 v.m3/kg 0.5250 0.5584 0.5917 0.6249 0.6581 0.6912 0.7244 0.7575 0.7905
(438.1) h kj/kg 3539.3 3648.6 3759.4 3871.8 3985.8 4101.5 4218.9 4337.9 4458.6
s.kJ/(kg-K) 8.0029 8.1354 8.2621 8.3836 8.5006 8.6135 8.7226 8.8284 8.9312
u.kJ/kg 3171.8 3257.7 3345.2 3434.4 3525.2 3617.7 3711.8 3807.7 3905.2
1.0 v.m3/kg 0.3668 0.3902 0.4137 0.4370 0.4603 0.4836 0.5068 0.5300 0.5532
(453.1) h kj/kg 3536.4 3646.1 3757.3 3870.0 3984.3 4100.1 4217.6 4336.8 4457.6
s.kJ/(kg-K) 7.8356 7.9686 8.0957 8.2175 8.3348 8.4478 8.5571 8.6631 8.7659
u.kJ/kg 3169.6 3255.9 3343.6 3433.0 3524.0 3616.6 3710.8 3806.8 3904.4
2.0 v.m3/kg 0.1821 0.1941 0.2060 0.2178 0.2295 0.2413 0.2530 0.2646 0.2763
(485.6) h kj/kg 3526.5 3637.8 3750.2 3863.9 3979.0 4095.5 4213.5 4333.1 4454.2
s.kJ/(kg-K) 7.5064 7.6413 7.7698 7.8928 8.0108 8.1245 8.2343 8.3406 8.4437
u.kJ/kg 3162.2 3249.6 3338.3 3428.3 3519.9 3613.0 3707.6 3803.8 3901.6

Apuntes de Termodinámica 2012 (Dr. José O. Valderrama, Univ. de La Serena-Chile) 53


Tabla 5.5: Propiedades del Vapor Recalentado (P de 3 a 20 MPa y T de 600 a 1100 K)
P.Mpa T.K
(Tsat.K) sat 600 650 700 750 800 900 1000 1100
3.0 v.m3/kg 0.06668 0.08628 0.09532 0.104 0.1124 0.1206 0.1367 0.1526 0.1684
(507.1) h kj/kg 2803.7 3059.6 3177.3 3291.3 3404 3516.5 3743.1 3973.7 4209.4
s.kJ/(kg-K) 6.1861 6.6516 6.8402 7.0091 7.1646 7.3098 7.5767 7.8196 8.0442
u.kJ/kg 2603.7 2800.7 2891.4 2979.4 3066.9 3154.7 3332.8 3515.8 3704.3
4.0 v.m3/kg 0.04978 0.06304 0.07024 0.07699 0.08349 0.08981 0.1021 0.1142 0.1261
(523.6) h kj/kg 2801 3033 3157.8 3276.1 3391.6 3506.3 3735.8 3968.3 4205.3
s.kJ/(kg-K) 6.0693 6.4847 6.6846 6.86 7.0194 7.1674 7.4378 7.6827 7.9085
u.kJ/kg 2601.8 2780.8 2876.8 2968.1 3057.7 3147.0 3327.4 3511.7 3701.1
6.0 v.m3/kg 0.03244 0.03958 0.04507 0.04998 0.05459 0.05901 0.06750 0.07571 0.08375
(548.8) h kj/kg 2783.9 2973.8 3116.3 3244.4 3366.3 3485.5 3721.2 3957.5 4197.0
s.kJ/(kg-K) 5.8884 6.2201 6.4486 6.6385 6.8067 6.9605 7.2382 7.4872 7.7154
u.kJ/kg 2589.3 2736.3 2845.9 2944.5 3038.8 3131.4 3316.2 3503.3 3694.5
8.0 v.m3/kg 0.02352 0.02759 0.03239 0.03643 0.04011 0.04359 0.05018 0.05648 0.06260
(568.2) h kj/kg 2757.5 2904.1 3071.1 3210.9 3340 3464.0 3706.2 3946.6 4188.7
s.kJ/(kg-K) 5.7424 5.9938 6.2617 6.4691 6.6472 6.8073 7.0927 7.3459 7.5766
u.kJ/kg 2569.4 2683.3 2812.1 2919.5 3019.1 3115.3 3304.8 3494.8 3687.8
10. v.m3/kg 0.01803 0.02008 0.02468 0.02825 0.03141 0.03434 0.03979 0.04494 0.04992
(584.2) h kj/kg 2724.3 2818.3 3021.4 3175.6 3312.6 3442.0 3691.0 3935.6 4180.3
s.kJ/(kg-K) 5.6133 5.7722 6.0983 6.327 6.5162 6.6833 6.9767 7.2344 7.4676
u.kJ/kg 2544 2617.5 2774.6 2893.1 2998.5 3098.7 3293.1 3486.2 3681.2
15. v.m3/kg 0.01034 0.01404 0.01723 0.01975 0.02196 0.02593 0.02956 0.03301
(615.4) h kj/kg 2610.1 2868.5 3077.4 3239.6 3384.3 3652.0 3907.7 4159.4
s.kJ/(kg-K) 5.3619 5.7192 6.0295 6.2536 6.4404 6.7559 7.0254 7.2653
u.kJ/kg 2455 2658 2818.9 2943.5 3054.9 3263.0 3464.3 3664.3
20. v.m3/kg 0.00584 0.0079 0.01156 0.01386 0.01575 0.01900 0.02188 0.02456
(639.0) h kj/kg 2409.5 2625.1 2961 3159.4 3323.0 3611.7 3879.3 4138.5
s.kJ/(kg-K) 4.9265 5.2616 5.7622 6.0363 6.2477 6.5881 6.8702 7.117.2
u.kJ/kg 2292.8 2467.1 2729.9 2882.2 3007.9 3231.6 3441.8 3647.3

P.Mpa T,K
(Tsat.K) 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 1050 1100
30. v.m3/kg 0.00543 0.00786 0.00951 0.01087 0.01208 0.01318 0.01421 0.01518 0.01612
h kj/kg 2633.3 2973.5 3189.4 3367.6 3528.0 3678.1 3821.6 3960.6 4096.5
s.kJ/(kg-K) 5.1776 5.6490 5.928 6.1442 6.3276 6.4900 6.6373 6.7729 6.8993
u.kJ/kg 2470.4 2737.6 2904 3041.4 3165.7 3282.8 3395.4 3505.1 3612.8
40. v.m3/kg 0.00260 0.00483 0.0064 0.00760 0.00863 0.00954 0.01039 0-01117 0.01192
h kj/kg 2221.6 2752.8 3043.7 3258.4 3441.6 3607.8 3763.3 3911.6 4054.6
s.kJ/(kg-K) 4.5363 5.2720 5.6483 5.9089 6.1185 6.2982 6.4578 6.6025 6.7357
u.kJ/kg 2117.4 2559.5 2787.8 2954.3 3096.4 3226.0 3347.9 3464.7 3577.8
50. v.m3/kg 0.00203 0.00323 0.00459 0.00567 0.00658 0.00738 0.00811 0.00878 0.00941
h kj/kg 2074.8 2535.1 2893.2 3147.2 3354.5 3537.3 3705.1 3862.8 4013.2
s.kJ/(kg-K) 4.2943 4.9293 5.3926 5.7009 5.9380 6.1358 6.3080 6.4619 6.6019
u.kJ/kg 1973.0 2373.7 2663.9 2863.5 3025.2 3168.1 3299.6 3423.8 3542.6
60. v.m3/kg 0.00183 0.00251 0.00350 0.00444 0.00526 0.00597 0.00661 0.00720 0.00775
h kj/kg 2013.6 2387.9 2754.9 3039.5 3269.1 3468.0 3647.8 3814.7 3972.3
s.kJ/(kg-K) 4.1795 4.6954 5.1697 5.5152 5.7779 5.9930 6.1776 6.3405 6.4872
u.kJ/kg 1903.6 2237.5 2544.7 2772.8 2953.8 3109.9 3251.2 3382.7 3507.3
70. v.m3/kg 0.00172 0.00217 0.00287 0.00364 0.00435 0.00498 0.00556 0.00609 0.00658
h kj/kg 1977.8 2301.9 2644.3 2941.8 3188.5 3401.4 3592.2 3767.9 3932.5
s.kJ/(kg-K) 4.1031 4.5498 4.9920 5.3530 5.6353 5.8656 6.0615 6.2329 6.3861
u.kJ/kg 1857.6 2150.3 2443.7 2687.2 2884.2 3052.6 3203.2 3341.9 3472.0
80. v.m3/kg 0.00164 0.00197 0.00248 0.00310 0.00371 0.00427 0.03479 0.00527 0.00571
h kj/kg 1953.8 2218.4 2563.0 2858.7 3115.3 3339.0 3539.4 3722.9 3893.9
s.kJ/(kg-K) 4.0448 4.4510 4.8571 5.2159 5.5094 5.7514 5.9571 6.1362 6.2953
u.kJ/kg 1822.6 2090.5 2364.3 2610.8 2818.6 2997.2 3156.1 3301.5 3436.9
100. v.m3/kg 0.00153 0.00176 0.00207 0.00247 0.00291 0.00335 0.00377 0.00416 0.00453
h kj/kg 1923.7 2186.1 2461.2 2736.7 2995.5 3230.7 3444.2 3640.0 3821.8
s.kJ/(kg-K) 3.9567 4.3186 4.6735 5.007.7 5.3037 5.5581 5.7772 5.9684 6.1375
u.kJ/kg 1770.5 2010.4 2254.1 2489.8 2704.5 2895.7 3067.3 3223.7 3368.4

Apuntes de Termodinámica 2012 (Dr. José O. Valderrama, Univ. de La Serena-Chile) 54


Tabla 5.6: Propiedades de Agua Líquida Comprimida (P 0.5-100 MPa y T de 400-600 K)

P (Mpa) T(K) 400 425 450 475 500 525 550 575 600
Psat. MPa 0.2456 0.4999 0.9315 1.615 2.637 4.098 6.112 8.806 12.33
sat  kg /m3 937.35 915.08 890.25 862.64 831.71 796.64 756.18 708.38 649.40
h.kJ/kg 532.69 639.71 748.98 860.80 975.65 1094.63 1219.93 1354.82 1504.56
s.kJ/(kg-K) 1.60049 1.85933 2.10801 2.34815 2.58128 2.80995 3.03821 3.27144 3.51742
u.kJ/kg 532.43 639.17 747.93 858.93 972.48 1089.49 1211.84 1342.38 1485.57
0.50  kg /m3 937.51 915.08
h.kJ/kg 532.82 639.71
s.kJ/(kg-K) 1.60020 1.85933
u.kJ/kg 532.29 639.17
0.70  kg /m3 937.62 915.22
h.kJ/kg 532.94 639.84
s.kJ/(kg-K) 1.59999 1.85914
u.kJ/kg 532.19 639.07
1.0  kg /m3 937.79 915.41 890.30
h.kJ/kg 533.12 640.02 749.01
s.kJ/(kg-K) 1.59968 1.85884 2.10793
u.kJ/kg 532.06 638.93 747.89
1.4  kg /m3 938.01 915.66 890.58
h.kJ/kg 533.37 640.27 749.20
s.kJ/(kg-K) 1.59928 1.85843 2.10740
u.kJ/kg 531.88 638.74 747.63
2.0  kg /m3 938.33 916.03 890.99 862.93
h.kJ/kg 533.76 640.64 749.50 860.92
s.kJ/(kg-K) 1.59868 1.85779 2.10661 2.34748
u.kJ/kg 531.63 638.46 747.26 858.60
3.0  kg /m3 938.86 916.63 891.66 863.70 832.04
h.kJ/kg 534.42 641.26 750.01 861.24 975.68
s.kJ/(kg-K) 1.59771 1.85672 2.10529 2.34578 2.58049
u.kJ/kg 531.23 637.98 746.64 857.77 972.08
5.0  kg /m3 939.90 917.80 892.99 865.23 833.88 797.71
h.kJ/kg 535.77 642.49 751.04 861.95 975.97 1094.50
s.kJ/(kg-K) 1.59579 1.85454 2.10267 2.34248 2.57633 2.80757
u.kJ/kg 530.45 637.04 745.44 856.18 969.97 1088.23
7.0  kg /m3 940.93 918.96 894.30 866.74 835.70 800.06 757.63
h.kJ/kg 537.13 643.73 752.08 862.71 976.34 1094.30 1219.41
s.kJ/(kg-K) 1.59390 1.85237 2.10006 2.33927 2.57233 2.80247 3.03517
u.kJ/kg 529.69 636.11 744.25 854.64 967.96 1085.55 1210.18
10.  kg /m3 942.45 920.66 896.23 868.97 838.39 803.48 762.36 711.24
h.kJ/kg 539.18 645.59 753.67 863.91 976.99 1094.16 1217.91 1353.16
s.kJ/(kg-K) 1.50110 1.84912 2.09618 2.33455 2.56651 2.79513 3.02530 3.26566
u.kJ/kg 528.57 634.73 742.51 852.40 965.06 1081.72 1204.79 1339.10
14.  kg /m3 944.45 922.89 898.75 871.89 841.87 807.86 768.28 720.13 656.02
h.kJ/kg 541.93 648.1 755.82 865.57 977.99 1094.2 1216.32 1348.37 1499.43
s.kJ/(kg-K) 1.58742 1.84484 2.09110 2.32843 2.55903 2.78578 3.01295 3.24764 3.50461
u.kJ/kg 527.11 632.93 740.24 849.52 961.36 1076.87 1198.09 1328.92 1478.08
20.  kg /m3 947.40 926.15 902.43 876.12 846.90 814.10 776.50 731.86 675.64
h.kJ/kg 546.09 651.88 759.11 868.19 979.7 1094.61 1214.62 1342.8 1485.18
s.kJ/(kg-K) 1.58199 1.83852 2.08365 2.31954 2.54829 2.77251 2.99579 3.22363 3.46589
u.kJ/kg 524.98 630.29 736.95 845.35 956.08 1070.04 1188.87 1315.48 1455.58
30.  kg /m3 952.15 931.39 908.31 882.86 854.83 823.75 788.76 748.41 700.23
h.kJ/kg 553.1 658.28 764.75 872.87 983.09 1096.17 1213.36 1336.77 1469.95
s.kJ/(kg-K) 1.57321 1.82821 2.07165 2.30546 2.53159 2.75225 2.97029 3.18966 3.41631
u.kJ/kg 521.60 626.07 731.72 838.89 948.00 1059.75 1175.33 1296.68 1427.11
50.  kg /m3 961.23 941.29 919.30 895.30 869.22 840.82 809.63 774.92 735.63
h.kJ/kg 567.28 671.32 776.46 832.95 991.08 1101.29 1214.33 1331.34 1454.04
s.kJ/(kg-K) 1.55640 1.80868 2.04904 2.27933 2.50117 2.71624 2.92655 3.13458 3.34342
u.kJ/kg 515.27 618.20 722.07 827.10 933.56 1041.83 1152.57 1266.82 1386.07
100.  kg /m3 982.01 963.53 943.46 921.97 899.14 875.01 849.47 822.32 793.27
h.kJ/kg 603.30 705.01 807.50 910.95 1015.43 1121.02 1227.92 1336.47 1447.18
s.kJ/(kg-K) 1.51781 1.76443 1.99876 2.22248 2.43683 2.64289 2.84180 3.03479 3.22326
u.kJ/kg 501.47 601.22 701.51 802.48 904.21 1006.73 1110.2 1214.86 1321.12

Apuntes de Termodinámica 2012 (Dr. José O. Valderrama, Univ. de La Serena-Chile) 55