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The Chinese version of standards has

precedence to their English translations


which are only for internal reference.

本英文版为内部资料,仅供参考,以中文

GB
Trade Standards of the People's Republic of China

中华人民共和国国家标准

GB/T

699-
699-1999

Quality Carbon Structural Steels

优 质 碳 素 结 构 钢
Issued on 1 Nov. 1999 Executed since 1 Aug. 2000

1999-11-01 发布 2000-08-01 实施

ISSUED BY THE STATE BUREAU OF QUALITY TECHNICAL SUPERVISION BUREAU

国家质量技术监督局 发布

1
GB/T 699-1999

Foreword

This standard is a revision on GB/T 699-1998 "Specifications for Quality Carbon Structural
Steels".
The current revision of this standard has made modifications in respect of the following items:

— The name of standard is changed to "Quality carbon structural steels";

— The applicable scope is extended to such extent that quality carbon structural steels with

diameter or thickness greater than 250mm may be supplied;

— The chapter of "Order Information" is added;

— Th size, dimensions and allowance shall be in accordance with the stipulations in standard

GB/T 702-1986 or GB/T 908-1987;

— Marking symbols of steel products and unified numerical representation for various

designations are added;

— The range of carbon content for designations below 40 (with exception of 08F) is

narrowed by 0.01%;

— The phosphorus and sulfur contents and macroscopic structure of steels are classified into

three grades based on the metallurgical quality;

— For steels delivered in the hot-rolled or hot forged state, the mechanical properties may be

exempted from inspection if the supplier can guarantee the conformance;

— In note 2 of Table 3, the quench cooling medium for designation 75, 80 and 85 steels is

changed from "water cooling" to "oil cooling";

— The "fracture" test is cancelled;

— The acceptable grading of non-metallic inclusions is cancelled.

This standard shall replace GB/T 699-1988 "Specifications for Quality Carbon Structural
Steels" since its implementation.

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This standard is proposed by the State Bureau of Metallurgical Industry.
This standard shall be under the jurisdiction of the National Technical Committee of Steel
Standardization.
This standard is prepared mainly by the Information Standard Institute of the Ministry of
Metallurgical Industry, Chongqing Special Steel Co., Shanghai Pugang Group Corporation, Daye
Special Steel Co., Ltd. and Handan Iron and Steel Corporation.
Main draftsmen of this standard are: Luan Yan, Tang Yifan, Tang Zhibai, Chen Changxi, Sun
Ping, Teng Changling, Zhao Gaunxin
This standard was initially issued in January 1965 and revised for the first time in February
1988.

3
National Standard of the People's Republic of China
GB/T 699-1999

Quality carbon structural steels


Substitute for GB/T 699-1988

————————————————————————————————————————
1 Scope

This standard defines the size, dimensions, weight and allowance, technical requirements, test
methods, inspection rules, packaging, marking and quality certificates of hot rolled or forged quality
carbon structural steels.
This standard is applicable to quality carbon structural steel bars with diameter or thickness not
greater than 250mm. Those with diameter or thickness greater than 250mm may also be supplied as
agreed between the buyer and the supplier.
The designations and chemical composition as specified in this standard is also applicable to
steel ingots, steel billets and their manufactures.

2 Normative References

Provisions from the following standards shall form part of this standard by being cited herein.
At the time of publication of this standard, the revisions of these standards as shown are valid. All
standards shall be subject to amendment and revision, and all users of this standard should probe
into the possibility of applying the updated revisions of the following standards.
GB/T 222-1984 Method for sampling of specimens for chemical analysis of steels and
allowance for chemical composition of finished products
GB/T 224-1987 Method for decarburized layer depth test of steels
GB/T 226-1991 Method for acid attack test of macroscopic structure and imperfection of
steels
GB/T 228-1997 Method for tensile test of metals
GB/T 229-1994 Metallic Material - Charpy notch impact test
GB/T 231-1984 Method for Brinnel hardness test of metals
GB/T 233-1982 Method for upsetting test of metals
GB/T 702-1986 Size, dimensions, weight and allowance of hot rolled round and square
steels

————————————————————————————————————————
Approved by the State Bureau of Quality
To be implemented as
Technical Supervision on November 1, 1999 of August 1, 2000
4
— GB/T 699 1999

————————————————————————————————————————
GB/T 908-1987 Size, dimensions, weight and allowance of forged round and square
steels
GB/T 1979-1980 Grading diagrams for evaluation of macroscopic structural
imperfections of structural steels
GB/T 2101-1989 General stipulations on acceptance, packaging, markings and quality
certificates of profile steels
GB/T 2975-1998 Steel and steel products - Location and preparation of test specimens
for mechanical testing
GB/T 4336-1984 Method for photoelectric emission spectroscopic analysis of carbon
steel, medium and low alloy steel
GB/T 6397-1986 Specimens for tensile test of metals
GB/T 7736-1987 Ultrasonic inspecting method for macro-structure and imperfection of
steel
GB/T 10561-1989 Steel - Determination of content of non-metallic inclusion -
Micrographic method using standard diagrams
GB/T 17616-1998 Unified numbering system for designations of iron, steel and alloy
GB/T 13299-1991 Steel - Determination of microstructure
GB/T 15711-1995 Steel products - Methods for acid etch test of tower sample
GB/T 17505-1998 Steel and steel products - General technical delivery requirements
YB/T 5148-1993 Method for the test of mean grain fineness of metals
See Annex A (Annex to the Standard) for normative references for chemical analysis methods
of various elements in steel.

3 Order Information

Contracts concluded or purchase orders placed in compliance with this standard should contain

the following information:



a Standard code number ;
b)Description of product;

c)Designations or unified numerical code;

d)Weight (quantity) of delivery;

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) ;
e Class of accuracy for specification and size

f)Processing method used;

g)State of delivery;

h)Impact test (where required, as per 6.4.1);

i)Upsetting test (where required, as per 6.5);

j)Non-metallic inclusion (where required, as per 6.7);

k)Decarburized layer (where required, as per 6.8);

l)Special requirements (where required, as per 6.10);

GB/T 699—1999

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4 Classification and Code

4.1 Steel material is classified according to its metallurgical quality as follows:


Quality Steel
Premium-grade Quality Steel A
Special-grade Quality Steel E
4.2 Steel material is classified into two categories according to the processing method used:
a) Steel for pressed work UP
Steel for hot pressed work UHP
Steel for upsetting work UF
Steel for cold drawn billet UCD
b) Steel for cutting work UC

5 Size, Dimensions, Weight and Allowance

5.1 The size, dimensions and allowance of hot rolled round steels and square steels should
comply with relevant stipulations in GB/T 702. Specific requirements should be clearly stated in the
contract.
5.2 The size, dimensions and allowance of forged round and square steels should comply
with relevant stipulations in GB/T 908. Specific requirements should be clearly stated in the
contract.

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5.3 The size, dimensions and allowance of steels with other cross-sections should comply
with relevant stipulations in corresponding standards.

6 Technical Requirements

6.1 Designation, Code and Chemical Composition


6.1.1 Designations, unified numerical code and chemical composition (smelting analysis) of
steels should comply with Table 1.
6.1.1.1 Sulfur and phosphorus contents of steels should comply with Table 2.
6.1.1.2 The allowable copper content of steels smelted with steel scrap should not be higher
than 0.30%.
6.1.1.3 The copper content of steels for hot pressed work should not be higher than 0.20%.
6.1.1.4 The manganese content of 35~38 steels for lead-bath quenched steel wires should be
0.30%~0.60%; the chromium content should not be higher than 0.10%, the nickel content should
not be higher than 0.15%, the copper content should not be higher than 0.20%; the sulfur and
phosphorus contents should comply with the requirements of steel wire standards.
6.1.1.5 For aluminum deoxidization smelted killed steel for 08 steels, the lower limit of
manganese content is 0.25%, the silicon content should not be higher than 0.03% and the aluminum
content should be 0.02%~0.07%. In this case the designation of the steel is 08Al.

— GB/T 699 1999

————————————————————————————————————————
Table 1
Unified
,%
Chemical composition
No. Designation Cr Ni Cu
numerical code C Si Mn
Not higher than
1 U20080 08F 0.05~0.11 ≤ 0.03 0.25~0.50 0.10 0.30 0.25
2 U20100 10F 0.07~0.13 ≤ 0.07 0.25~0.50 0.15 0.30 0.25
3 U20150 15F 0.12~0.18 ≤ 0.07 0.25~0.50 0.25 0.30 0.25
4 U20082 08 0.05~0.11 0.17~0.37 0.35~0.65 0.10 0.30 0.25
5 U20102 10 0.07~0.13 0.17~0.37 0.35~0.65 0.15 0.30 0.25
6 U20152 15 0.12~0.18 0.17~0.37 0.35~0.65 0.25 0.30 0.25
7 U20202 20 0.17~0.23 0.17~0.37 0.35~0.65 0.25 0.30 0.25
8 U20252 25 0.22~0.29 0.17~0.37 0.50~0.80 0.25 0.30 0.25
9 U20302 30 0.27~0.34 0.17~0.37 0.50~0.80 0.25 0.30 0.25
10 U20352 35 0.32~0.39 0.17~0.37 0.50~0.80 0.25 0.30 0.25
11 U20402 40 0.37~0.44 0.17~0.37 0.50~0.80 0.25 0.30 0.25
12 U20452 45 0.42~0.50 0.17~0.37 0.50~0.80 0.25 0.30 0.25
13 U20502 50 0.47~0.55 0.17~0.37 0.50~0.80 0.25 0.30 0.25
14 U20552 55 0.52~0.60 0.17~0.37 0.50~0.80 0.25 0.30 0.25
15 U20602 60 0.57~0.65 0.17~0.37 0.50~0.80 0.25 0.30 0.25

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16 U20652 65 0.62~0.70 0.17~0.37 0.50~0.80 0.25 0.30 0.25
17 U20702 70 0.67~0.75 0.17~0.37 0.50~0.80 0.25 0.30 0.25
18 U20752 75 0.72~0.80 0.17~0.37 0.50~0.80 0.25 0.30 0.25
19 U20802 80 0.77~0.85 0.17~0.37 0.50~0.80 0.25 0.30 0.25
20 U20852 85 0.82~0.90 0.17~0.37 0.50~0.80 0.25 0.30 0.25
21 U21152 15Mn 0.12~0.18 0.17~0.37 0.70~1.00 0.25 0.30 0.25
22 U21202 20Mn 0.17~0.23 0.17~0.37 0.70~1.00 0.25 0.30 0.25
23 U21252 25Mn 0.22~0.29 0.17~0.37 0.70~1.00 0.25 0.30 0.25
24 U21302 30Mn 0.27~0.34 0.17~0.37 0.70~1.00 0.25 0.30 0.25
25 U21352 35Mn 0.32~0.39 0.17~0.37 0.70~1.00 0.25 0.30 0.25
26 U21402 40Mn 0.37~0.44 0.17~0.37 0.70~1.00 0.25 0.30 0.25
27 U21452 45Mn 0.42~0.50 0.17~0.37 0.70~1.00 0.25 0.30 0.25
28 U21502 50Mn 0.48~0.56 0.17~0.37 0.70~1.00 0.25 0.30 0.25
29 U21602 60Mn 0.57~0.65 0.17~0.37 0.70~1.00 0.25 0.30 0.25
30 U21652 65Mn 0.62~0.70 0.17~0.37 0.90~1.20 0.25 0.30 0.25
31 U21702 70Mn 0.67~0.75 0.17~0.37 0.90~1.20 0.25 0.30 0.25
Note: Those listed in Table 1 are quality steels. In case of premium-grade quality steel, letter "A" shall be added to the end
of the designation number (the last digit of the unified numerical code to be changed to "3"); in case of special-grade
quality steel, letter "E" shall be added to the end of the designation number (the last digit of the unified numerical code to
be changed to "6"); for rimming steel, the end of the designation number is "F" (the last digit of the unified numerical
code being "0"); for semi-killed steel, the end of the designation number is "b" (the last digit of the unified numerical code
being "1").

— GB/T 699 1999

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6.1.1.6 The silicon content of rimming steel for cold punch pressing should not be higher
than 0.03%.
6.1.1.7 The nitrogen content of steels smelted in oxygen-blown converters should not be
higher than 0.008%. If the supplier can guarantee the conformance, the analysis may be omitted.
6.1.1.8 As agreed between the buyer and the supplier, for 08~25 steels, semi-killed steels
with silicon content not higher than 0.17% may be supplied, with grade numbers of 08b~25b.
6.1.2 The allowance for chemical composition of steel material (or billets) should comply
with the stipulation in Table 2 of GB/T 222-1984.
Table 2

P S
Group
Not higher than, %
Quality steel 0.035 0.035
Premium-grade quality steel 0.030 0.030
Special-grade quality steel 0.025 0.020
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6.2 Smelting Method
Unless otherwise specified in the contract, the smelting method shall be chosen by the
manufacturer of its own accord.

6.3 State of Delivery


Steel material is normally delivered in the hot rolled or hot forged state. It may also be
delivered in the heat treated (annealed, normalized or high temperature tempered) if the buyer so
requests and if so stated in the contract.

6.4 Mechanical Properties


6.4.1 The longitudinal mechanical properties of steel material obtained by testing the
specimen made with heat-treated (normalized) work blank (excluding impact absorbed work)
should comply with the stipulation in Table 3. For steel material delivered in the hot rolled or hot
forged state, if the supplier can guarantee the conformance, the tests may be omitted.
As required by the buyer, the impact absorbed work of 25~50 and 25Mn~50Mn steels obtained
by testing the specimen made with heat treated (quenched + tempered) work blank should comply
with the stipulation in Table 3
Round steels with diameter smaller than 16mm and square or flat steels with thickness not
greater than 12mm shall not be subject to the impact test.
6.4.2 The mechanical properties shown in Table 3 are only applicable to steel material with
cross-section size not greater than 80mm. For that with cross-section greater than 80mm, the
after-breaking elongation and percentage reduction of section are allowed to be lower than those

— GB/T 699 1999

————————————————————————————————————————
specified in Table 3 by 2% (absolute) and 5% (absolute) respectively.
Where steel material with size larger than 80mm to 120mm is re-forged to test piece sized
between 70mm and 80mm, the result of the sampling test should comply with the stipulation in
Table 3.
Where steel material with size larger than 120mm to 250mm is re-forged to test piece sized
between 90mm and 100mm, the result of the sampling test should comply with the stipulation in
Table 3.
6.4.3 The hardness of steel material for cutting work or for cold drawn material in the
delivery state should comply with the stipulation in Table 3. For the hardness of non-annealed steel,
if the supplier can guarantee the conformance, the test may be omitted. The hardness indexes after
high temperature tempering and normalization shall be determined by agreement between the
supplier and the buyer.
Table 3

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Proposed heat
treatment, ℃ Mechanical Properties Hardness of steel material

Designation
Specimen in delivery state
σb σs δ5 ψ AKU2

Normalization
No. blank size HBS10/3 000

Quenching

Tempering
MPa MPa % % J
mm
Non-heat
Not less than Annealed steel
treated steel

1 08F 25 930 295 175 35 60 131

2 10F 25 930 315 185 33 55 137

3 15F 25 920 355 205 29 55 143

4 08 25 930 325 195 33 60 131

5 10 25 930 335 205 31 55 137

6 15 25 920 375 225 27 55 143

7 20 25 910 410 245 25 55 156

8 25 25 900 870 600 450 275 23 50 71 170

9 30 25 880 860 600 490 295 21 50 63 179

10 35 25 870 850 600 530 315 20 45 55 197

11 40 25 860 840 600 570 335 19 45 47 217 187

12 45 25 850 840 600 600 355 16 40 39 229 197

13 50 25 830 830 600 630 375 14 40 31 241 207

14 55 25 820 820 600 645 380 13 35 255 217

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— GB/T 699 1999

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Table 3

Proposed heat
treatment, ℃ Mechanical Properties Hardness of steel material
Designation

Specimen in delivery state


σb σs δ5 ψ AKU2
Normalization

No. blank size Quenching HBS10/3 000

Tempering
MPa MPa % % J
mm
Non-heat
Not less than Annealed steel
treated steel

15 60 25 810 675 400 12 35 255 229

16 65 25 810 695 410 10 30 255 229

17 70 25 790 715 420 9 30 269 229

18 75 specimen 820 480 1 080 880 7 30 285 241

19 80 specimen 820 480 1 080 930 6 30 285 241

20 85 specimen 820 480 1 130 980 6 30 302 255

21 15Mn 25 920 410 245 26 55 163

22 20Mn 25 910 450 275 24 50 197

23 25Mn 25 900 870 600 490 295 22 50 71 207

24 30Mn 25 880 860 600 540 315 20 45 63 217 187

25 35Mn 25 870 850 600 560 335 18 45 55 229 197

26 40Mn 25 860 840 600 590 355 17 45 47 229 207

27 45Mn 25 850 840 600 620 375 15 40 39 241 217

28 50Mn 25 830 830 600 645 390 13 40 31 255 217

29 60Mn 25 810 695 410 11 35 269 229

30 65Mn 25 830 735 430 9 30 285 229

31 70Mn 25 790 785 450 8 30 285 229

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Notes:
1. For steel material with diameter or thickness less than 25mm, heat treatment is conducted on the specimen blank with the
same cross-section size as that of finished products.
2. The proposed temperature holding time for normalization as listed in the table is not less than 30 minutes with air
cooling; that for quenching is not less than 30 minutes with oil cooling for 75, 80 and 85 steels and water cooling for other
steels; that for tempering is not less than 1 hour.

— GB/T 699 1999

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6.5 Upsetting
6.5.1 Steels for upsetting work shall be subject to upsetting test and either hot upsetting or
cold upsetting should be clearly stated in the contract. The height of specimen after hot upsetting
shall be as much as 1/3 of that of the original specimen; the height of specimen after cold upsetting
shall be as much as 1/2 of that of the original specimen. No fissure or fracture shall exist on the
specimen after the upsetting.
6.5.2 For steel material with size larger than 80mm that requires hot upsetting, or that with
size larger than 30mm that requires cold upsetting, if the supplier can guarantee the conformance,
the test may be omitted.

6.6 Macroscopic Structure


6.6.1 There should be no shrinkage cavity, blister, crack, inclusion, skull patch or fish eye
visible to the naked eyes on the cross-sectional pickled macroscopic structure specimen of killed
steel material. Such imperfections as subsurface inclusion not exceeding the allowable depth for
surface imperfection are allowed on the steel material for cutting work.
6.6.2 Pickled macroscopic structure should comply with the stipulation in Table 4.
Table 4

Ingot mold
General poriness Central poriness
Quality grade aliquation
Level (not greater than)
Quality steel 3.0 3.0 3.0
Premium-grade quality steel 2.5 2.5 2.5
Special-grade quality steel 2.0 2.0 2.0

6.6.3 If the supplier can guarantee the conformance of macroscopic test, it is allowable to
substitute ultrasonic test or other nondestructive tests specified in standard GB/T 7736 for the
macroscopic test.

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6.7 Non-metallic Inclusion
As required by the buyer, non-metallic inclusions may be tested with the acceptable levels to be
defined by agreement between the buyer and the supplier.

6.8 Decarburized Layer


When testing the decarburized layer of steels with nominal carbon content higher than 0.30%,
as required by the buyer, the total depth of decarburized layer on each side (ferrite + transition layer)
should comply with the stipulation in Table 5. The buyer should indicate the group in the contract.

— GB/T 699 1999

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Table 5 mm

Group Allowable total depth of decarburized layer (not higher than)

Group I 1.0%D

Group II 1.5%D

Note: D is the nominal diameter or thickness of steel material

6.9 Surface Quality


6.9.1 There should be no crack, rolling skin, folding or inclusion visible to the naked eyes on
the surface of steel material for pressed work. Any of the above imperfections should be removed to
such extent that the removed depth as calculated from the surface of steel material is in compliance
with the stipulation in Table 6. The width for removal should not be less than 5 times the depth. For
steel material with diameter or side length larger than 140mm, no more than 2 places with
maximum removal depth are allowed on the same cross section. It is allowable to have very few
fine scratches, impression marks and pork marks with size not exceeding half of the size allowance
as calculated from the actual size and fine crackles with depth within 0.2mm in existence.
6.9.2 Local imperfections with depth not exceeding the stipulation in Table 7 as calculated
from the nominal size of steel material are allowable on the surface of steel material for cutting
work.
Table 6 mm

Nominal size of steel material


Allowable depth of imperfection removal
(diameter or depth)

< 80 1/2 of nominal size allowance of steel material

80~140 Nominal size allowance of steel material

13
>140 ~ 200 5% of nominal size of steel material

> 200 6% of nominal size of steel material

Table 7 mm

Nominal size of steel material Allowable depth of local imperfection


(diameter or thickness) (not greater than)

< 100 Negative allowance of nominal size of steel material

≥ 100 Allowance of nominal size of steel material

— GB/T 699 1999

————————————————————————————————————————
6.10 Special Requirements
As required by the buyer and so agreed between the buyer and the supplier, steel material
meeting the following special requirements may be supplied:
a) To narrow or modify the range of chemical composition specified in Table 1;
b) Steel bars with diameter or thickness larger than 250mm;
c) To test the grain fineness of steel;
d) To test the microstructure of steel;
e) To test the hair line seams with telescoping (tower) specimen;
f) To make the mechanical properties indexes stricter;
g) To make V-notched impact test (the indexes to be agreed between the buyer and the
supplier);
h) Other.

7 Test Methods

Test methods for each and every batch of steel material should comply with the stipulation in
Table 8.
Table 8.

Quantity of
No. Test item Location for sampling Test method
samples
1 Chemical 1 GB/T 222 GB/T 223
composition GB/T 4336
2 Tensile test 2 Different pieces of steel material GB/T 228
GB/T 2975

14
GB/T 6397
3 Hardness test 3 Different pieces of steel material GB/T 231
4 Impact test 2 Different pieces of steel material GB/T 229
5 Upsetting test 2 Different pieces of steel material GB/T 233
6 Macroscopic 2 Different pieces of steel billet or steel GB/T 226
structure material equivalent to the end of steel GB/T 1979
ingot
7 Telescoping 2 Different pieces of steel material GB/T 15711
(tower) hair line
seams
8 Decarburization 2 Different pieces of steel material GB/T 224
(metallo-graphic)

15
— GB/T 699 1999

————————————————————————————————————————
Table 8.

Quantity of
No. Test item Location for sampling Test method
samples
9 Grain fineness 1 Any piece of steel material YB/T 5148
10 Non-metallic 2 Different pieces of steel material GB/T 10561
inclusion
11 Microstructure 2 Different pieces of steel material GB/T 13299
12 Ultrasonic test 2 On the whole of steel material GB/T 7736
13 Size, Piece by On the whole of steel material Caliper,
dimensions piece micrometer
14 Visual aspects Piece by On the whole of steel material Visual inspection
piece

8 Test Rules

8.1 Inspection and Acceptance


8.1.1 The quality of steel material shall be inspected and accepted by the quality technical
supervision department of the supplier.
8.1.2 The supplier must ensure that the steel material delivered complies with the stipulations
of this standard or of the contract. The buyer is entitled to make inspection or acceptance to any of
the test items defined in this standard or the contract if necessary.

8.2 Batch Forming Rules


Steel material should be inspected and accepted batchwise. Each batch consists of steel
material with the same heat (furnace) number, the same working method, the same size, the same
delivery state (or the same heat treatment system/furnace lot) and the same surface state.

8.3 Quantity and Location for Sampling


The quantity and location for sampling of steel material should comply with the stipulation in
Table 8.

8.4 Re-inspection and Judging Rules


8.4.1 The re-inspection and judging rules shall be in compliance with relevant stipulations in
8.3.4.3 of standard GB/T 17505-1998.
8.4.2 If the supplier can guarantee the conformance of the steel material, it is allowable to
substitute billet for material or large pieces for small ones with respect to the test results of

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macroscopic test, mechanical properties and non-metallic inclusion for the steel material or ingots
with the same heat (furnace) number.

— GB/T 699 1999

————————————————————————————————————————
9 Packaging, Marking and Quality Certificate

Packaging, marking and quality certificates of the steel material should comply with the
stipulations of GB/T 2101.

Annex A Annex to the Standard


Normative References - Methods for Chemical Analysis

GB/T 223.3 – 1988 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy

― The diantipyryl-methane phosphomolybdic acid gravimetric

method for the determination of phosphorus content


GB/T 223.5 – 1997 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy

― The reduced molybdosilicate spectrophotometric method for the

determination of acid-soluble silicon content


GB/T 223.10 - 1991 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy

― The determination of aluminum content by chrome azurol S

photometric method after separation with cupferron


GB/T 223.11 - 1991 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy

― The determination of chromium content by persulfate oxdation

volumetric method
GB/T 223.12 - 1991 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy

― The determination of chromium content by diphenyl carbazide

photometric method after separation with sodium carbonate


GB/T 223.18 - 1994 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy

― The sodium thiosulfate separation iodimetric method for the

determination of copper content


GB/T 223.19 - 1989 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy

― The determination of copper content by neocuprone-photometric

17
method
GB/T 223.23 - 1994 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy

― The dimethylglyoxime spectrophotometric method for the

determination of nickel content


GB/T 223.24 - 1994 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy

― The extraction separation - The dimethylglyoxime spectrophoto

method for the determination of nickel content


GB/T 223.36 - 1994 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy

― The neutral titration method for the determination of nitrogen

content after distillation separation

— GB/T 699 1999

————————————————————————————————————————
GB/T 223.37 - 1989 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy

― The indigo photometric method for the determination of nitrogen

content after distillation separation


GB/T 223.53 - 1987 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy

― The determination of copper content by flame atomic absorption

spectrophotometry
GB/T 223.54 - 1987 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy

― The determination of nickel content by flame atomic absorption

spectrophotometry
GB/T 223.58 - 1987 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy

― The determination of manganese content by sodium arsenite –

sodium nitrite titration method


GB/T 223.59 - 1987 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy

― The determination of phospgorus content by

antimonium-Phosphorus-Molybdium-blue photometric method


GB/T 223.60 - 1997 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy

― The perchloric acid dehydration gravimetric method for the

determination of silicon content


18
GB/T 223.61 - 1988 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy

― The determination of phosphorus content by ammonium

molybdo-phosphate volumetric method


GB/T 223.62 - 1988 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy

― The determination of phosphorus content by butyl acetate

extraction photometric method


GB/T 223.63 - 1988 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy

― The determination of manganese content by sodium (potassium)

permanganate photometric method


GB/T 223.64 - 1988 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy

― The determination of manganese content by flame atomic

absorption spectrometric method


GB/T 223.67 - 1989 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy

― The determination of sulfur content methylidyne blue photometric

method after reduced distillation


GB/T 223.68 - 1997 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy

― The potassium iodate titration method after combustion in the

pipe furnace for the determination of sulfur content


GB/T 223.69 - 1997 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy

― The gas-volumetric method after combustion in the pipe furnace

for the determination of carbon content

— GB/T 699 1999

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GB/T 223.71 - 1997 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy

― The volumetric method after combustion in the pipe furnace for

the determination of carbon content


GB/T 223.72 - 1991 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy

― Aluminum oxide stratography - barium sulfate gravimetric

method for the determination of sulfur content

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