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elangana is a state in the Southern region designated to distinguish the predominantly help of available tank water industrially. flow into the land masses.
T of India. It has an area of 114,840 km2
and is the twelfth largest state in India. Most
Telugu-speaking region of the erstwhile
Hyderabad State from its predominantly
Telanga na Region is well developed when
compared with other two regions. Many
2. Deccan traps :
These are formed due to solidification of
of it was part of the princely state of Marathi-speaking one, Marathwada. industries are located around Hyderabad- lava. Black soils which is present in western
Hyderabad (Medak and Warangal Divisions), One of the earliest uses of a word similar to Secundera bad. Telangana, is product of this rocks.
ruled by the Nizam of Hyderabad during the Telangana can also be seen in a name of Malik About 76% of the population of Telan gana Physical features
British Raj, joining the Union of India in Maqbul (14th century C.E.), who was called speak Telugu, 12% speak Urdu, and 12% Plateau :
1948. In 1956, the Hyderabad state was dis- the Tilangani, which implies that he was from speak other languages. Before 1948, Urdu It is an ancient plateau made of rocks of
solved as part of the linguistic reorganisation Tilangana. He was the commander of the was the official language of Hyderabad State, Archean origin. The height of the plateau
of states, and the Telugu speaking part of ranges from 150 mts. to 750 mts. There are
Hyderabad state, known as Telangana, was Gond wana rocks in Godavari basin in the
merged with Andhra State to form Andhra northern part of the plateau. Telanga na
Pradesh. On 2 June 2014, Telangana was sep- plateau is peneplain. It is a part of deccan lava
arated from Andhra Pradesh as a new 29th plateau.
state of India, with the city of Hyderabad as its Hills
capital. Hyde rabad will continue to serve as 1. Mahaboobnagar: Amarabad Guttalu
the joint capital city for Andhra Pradesh and 2. Karimnagar: Rockie Parvathalu
Telangana for a period of not more than ten 3. Ranga Reddy: Ananthagiri Guttalu
years. 4. Adilabad: Nirmal Hills
Telangana is bordered by the states of 5. Warangal : Kandikal Hills
Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh to the north, 6. Rangareddy, Nalogonda : Rachakonda
Karnataka to the west, and Andhra Pradesh to Hills
the south and east. Telangana has an area of 7. Khammam : Yallandlapad Hills
114,840 square kilometres (44,340 sq mi), and Rivers
a population of 35,286,757 (2011 census). Its There are many rivers in Telangana. As the
major cities include Hyderabad, Warangal, land is high in the north-west and slopes
Karim nagar, Nizamabad, and Kha mmam. towards south-east, all the rivers flow east-
The name Telangana is thought to have been wards and join the Bay of Bengal. The region
derived from the word Trilinga, as in the is drained by two major rivers, with about
Trilinga Desa, which translates to "the coun- 79% of the Godavari River catchment area
try of the three lingas". According to a Hindu and about 69% of the Krishna River catch-
legend, Shiva descended in the lingam form Warangal Fort. and due to a lack of Telugu-language educa- ment area, but most of the land is arid.
on three mountains, Kale shwaram, Srisailam Telangana comprises of 10 districts. They tional institutions, Urdu was the language of Telangana is also drained by several minor
and Drakshara ma, which marked the bound- are Mahabubnagar, Hyderabad, Rangareddy, the educated elite of Telangana. After 1948, rivers such as the Bhima, the Manjira, the
aries of the Trilingadesa, later called Telin ga, Medak, Nizamabad, Adila bad, Karimnagar, once Hyderabad State joined the new Musi and Tungabhadra.
Telunga or Telugu. Warangal, Khammam and Nalgonda districts. Republic of India, Telugu became the lan- 1. Godavari :
The word "Telinga" changed over time to Most of the area is covered with dry and bar- guage of government, and as Telugu was The river Godavari is the longest among all
"Telangana" and the name "Telangana" was ren land. So, upland crops are grown with the introduced as the medium of instruction in the rivers of south India. This river, which is
schools and colleges, the use of Urdu among 1584 kms long originates in Western Ghats at
Basic Data non-Muslims decreased. Triyambak near Nasik in Maharashtra. It
Region South India 2. Geology enters Telangana near Basar in Adilabad
Established 2 June 2014
Western Plateau : District. Some of the important tributaries of
Capital Hyderabad
Largest city Hyderabad It is a ancient plateau made of rocks of Godavari are Manjeera, Pranahita, Indravati,
Districts 10 Archeanogin. Telangana, Anantapur and Kinnera sani etc.
Government Kurnool districts of Rayalaseema region are 2. Krishna :
Governor E. S. L. Narasimhan in the plateau. The Height of plateau ranges Origination in the Western Ghats near
Chief minister KCR (TRS)
from 150 mts to 750 mts. There are Mahabaleswar in Maharashtra, the river
• Legislature Bicameral (119 + 40 seats)
• Lok Sabha constituencies 17 Gondwana rocks in Godavari basin in north- Krishna flows eastwards and enters Telangana
Area† ern part of the plateau. Coal is found in at Thangadi in Mahaboob nagar District. After
• Total - 114,840 km2 (44,340 sq mi) Gondwana rocks. joining with its tributary Tungabhadra, at
Area rank 12th In the opinion of Geographers after separa- Sangam in Kurnool district, it flows across
Population (2011)[1]
tion of earth from sun no major changes are Srisailam, and Vijayawada and reaches Bay of
• Total 35,193,978
occur on the earth surface. But when we Bengal near Hamsaladeevi. Its total length is
• Rank 12th
• Density 310/km2 (790/sq mi) observe Geologically, Telangana is the home 1,440 kms.
Literacy 66.50%[1] for different types of Geological land forms. Nagarjunasagar dam was built across the
Official languages Telugu, Urdu Important geological landforms are explained river Krishna at Nandikonda. This dam is one
Symbols of Telangana below. of the biggest dams in India. One more dam
Emblem- Kakatiya Toranam, Charminar was constructed at Srisailam. Hydro-electrici-
Geological History
Language- Telugu and Urdu
1. Gondwana Rocks : ty is also being generated from the waters of
Song- Jaya Jaya He Telangana Janani Jayakethanam
Animal- Deer The rocks which are formed with red sand the reservoirs of these dams. The important
Bird- Palapitta (Indian Roller) stones are called Gondwana stones and the tributaries of the river Krishna are Tungabha
Flower- Tanged Puvvu formation period is called Gondwada period. dra, Dindi, Paleru, Musi, Bheema, Munn- eru
Tree- Jammi tree At the end of the Gondwada period seas over etc.