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A Halliburton Company

Clean Core System

The Security DBS clean core service is designed to provide a clean core that has minimum
drilling fluid exposure, thus minimum fluid invasion without sacrificing core recovery. This
allows more accurate results to be obtained from laboratory analysis of the core.

Essentially the completed range of coring methods designed specifically for the individual
application. Coring services available include Sponge, Posiclose, FES, SES, and the HSB, all
these services can be performed by manipulation of existing equipment that fits the standard core
barrel. The important piece of equipment is the core head, Security DBS have designed a series
of core heads (low invasion) to vastly reduce the effects of drilling fluids on the core as it enters
the barrel.

This section will concentrate with the unique designs of core head best suited for unconsolidated
coring applications.

Low Invasion Core Bit

This core bit designed to minimize core flushing by the drilling fluid. Invasion is reduced by:-

¾ Preventing drilling fluid from flowing between the core bit throat and the core.
¾ Directing the fluid flow away from the core.
¾ Achieving as high an ROP as possible to reduce the exposure time of the core to the mud.
¾ Preventing filter cake removal from the surface of the core.

The features of the core bit design which ensure that invasion is minimized are the Venturi Effect
face discharge ports, internal lip lower shoe seat, and a flush inner diameter.

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The Venturi Effect face discharge ports direct the fluid flow toward the annulus and away from
the core. This creates a unique flow pattern which vacuums cuttings away from the face of the
core bit. In most applications this achieves a significantly higher ROP than conventional core
The internal lip lower shoe seat is designed with an overlapping lower shoe and core bit, which
provides an effective seal against any mud flow down the throat of the core bit. If mud flow
occurs in this zone as with a conventional core bit, it contributes to mud invasion.

A flush inner diameter means that there are no diamonds in the throat of the core bit to disrupt
any filter cake on the surface of the core. If filter cake does build up on the surface of the core, it
can be a barrier to further invasion of the core. This is achieved by solids in the mud bridging
pore spaces on the surface of the core.

The Low Invasion core bit design has been tested extensively in flow visualization apparatus and
in flow and pressure testing equipment. Results of the testing indicated the presence of the
unique hydraulic flow pattern on the face of the core bit which enables it to achieve high ROPs.
The testing also confirmed that the internal lip shoe system does seal off nearly all the mud flow

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from the throat of the core bit. Field testing confirmed the significant ROP increases possible
with this design and the reduction in fluid invasion.

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