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Baylimango National High School


21st Century Literature from the Philippines and the World

NAME:______________________________________ Date:____________ Score: _______________

I. A. Reading Comprehension
Directions: Read the passage carefully taken from The Passing of Loku and answer the questions that
follow by encircling the letter of the best answer. (10 pts.)
(The tale of Loku is applied to a large, ugly lizard which climbs to the rafters of houses and gives the peculiar
cry that suggests its name. This lizard, although hideous, is harmless; it lives on centipedes. Its strange cry may
be heard everywhere in the Philippine Islands.)
Hundreds of years ago a very wicked king named Loku ruled the Philippines. He was cruel and unjust, and
condemned to death all who refused to do his bidding. He had vast armies and made war on all until his name
was feared everywhere.
His power was very great. He conquered every nation that opposed him and killed so many people that
the god, viewing the slaughter from his throne above, sent an angel to order him to cease from warfare and to
rule the land in peace.
1. The time frame of this story could happen
A. before the Spaniards came B. during World War II
C. in a time Bathala created the world D. not mentioned
2. The story is being told
A. by a teacherB. by a grandmother
C. by the author D. by Loku himself
3. What word in the passage indicates killing and death?
A. cruelB. cease
C. bidding D. slaughter
4. The mood in the second paragraph is best described as
A. concerned B. sad
C. alarming D. frightening
Loku was in his palace, planning an assault on his neighbors, when a soft light filled the chamber,
and a beautiful angel appeared and delivered the mandate of the master.
The cruel king paid no heed, but dismissed the holy messenger in scorn. "Tell your master," said he,
"to deliver his message in person. I do not deal with messengers. I am Loku. All fear my name. I am the great
Hardly had he spoken when the palace shook to its foundations and a mighty voice thundered, "Is it
thus thou Slightest my word? Thou art Loku. All shall indeed know thy name. From every crevice thou shalt
forever cry it in a form that suits thy ill nature."

5. It could be inferred in the second paragraph that Loku is

A. a hospitable king B. a shy ruler
C. a brave warriorD. an arrogant person
6. Based on the dialogue between Loku and the messenger, it could be predicted that
A. Loku will kill many peopleB. the god will be punishing Loku
C. the messenger will go home D. a feast will be held in the palace
7. According to the story, which of the following statements are true?

I. King Loku showed no respect to no one.

II. There is a god that ruled the world in Loku’s time
III. Loku has super powers like a god.

A. I and III only B. I only

C. I and II only D. I, II and III

The courtiers, alarmed by the shock, rushed to the king's chamber, but Loku was nowhere to be
found. The royal robes lay scattered on the floor and the only living thing to be seen was an ugly lizard
that blinked at them from among the plans on the table.
They searched far and wide, and when no trace of the king could be found the courtiers divided
the kingdom and ruled so wisely and well that there was peace for many years.
As for Loku, you may still hear him fulfilling his punishment. From crack and crevice, tree and shrub,
he calls his name from dark till dawn: "Lok-u! Lok-u! Lok-u!"
And he must cry it forever.

8. What tone is expressed in the first paragraph of the passage?

A. pleasant B. stressful
C. hateful D. exciting
9. What words in the passage refers to quality?
A. far and wide B. wisely and well
C. dark till dawn D. crack and crevice
10. What words in the passage refers to time?
A. far and wide B. wisely and well
C. dark till dawn D. crack and crevice
11. What words in the passage refers to places?
A. far and wide B. wisely and well
C. dark till dawn D. crack and crevice
12. What could be concluded in the the passage?
A. Loku was still angry with god.
B. Crying was Loku’s punishment.
C. Loku felt sorry for his arrogance.
D. Loku turned to a lizard.

II. Critical Reading Skills

Directions: Identify what critical reading strategy is applied on the following items.

Monitoring and Clarifying Making Connections

Summarizing and Synthesizing Making Predictions
Determining What’s Important Asking Questions
Analyzing Author’s Craft Visualizing

_______________________________13. I could really picture that Loku is a fierce king.

_______________________________14. The text is mainly about an ancient king who was punished by the
Gods because of his arrogance.
_______________________________15. I like how the author uses a simple but descriptive narration to show
the events of the story.
_______________________________16. This reminds me of The Legend of Mosquito where the main
character was also punished because of his ill-tempered behavior.
_______________________________17. I wonder what will Loku do in order to be forgiven for his arrogance.
_______________________________18. This is relevant to my life because I realized that we must stay
humble in spite of our status in life.
_______________________________19. I had to slow down when reading the conversation between the
messenger and Loku.
_______________________________20. I think this will be about the origin of an animal because of the
punishment given to the main character.

Directions: Identify the types of literature and literary devices being described in each number.

______________________21. This is a characteristically anonymous, timeless, and placeless tale circulated

orally among a people.
______________________22. This features animal characters or inanimate objects that behave like people.
______________________23. This is presented as history but is unlikely to be true.
______________________24. This is told to explain a belief, a practice, or a natural phenomenon.
______________________25. This narrative poem celebrates the adventures and achievements of a hero.
______________________26. A literary device which involves the quick repetition of the first letters, and
therefore the first sounds, of words.
______________________27. Giving inanimate objects and other phenomena human traits.
______________________28. Comparing two unrelated things to create new understanding and meaning. They
are marked by the use of "like," and "as".
______________________29. Words, phrases, or events that hint or suggest to the reader what's going to
happen in the story.
______________________30. Using humor, wit, or sarcasm to expose human vice or folly.

IV. Types of Literature

Directions: Identify what type of literature are the following Philippine Literary works.
(folktale, fable, legend, myth, epic, narrative drama, devotional poetry)

______________________31. Juan Gathers Guavas

______________________32 Juan Pusong and His Father’s Cows
______________________33 The Monkey and the Crocodile
______________________34. The Flood Story
______________________35. The Creation
______________________36. Biag ni Lam-ang
______________________37. Hinilawod
______________________38. Darangan
______________________39. Komedya/Moro-moro
______________________40. Salamat nang walang hanga/gracias de sin sempiternas

V. Essay (10pts)

Explain how Pre-colonial Philippine Literature was passed down from generation to generation.