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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR

1 Oil filter cartridge 1. O-ring 1. Torque wrench


2. Oil filter wrench
5. Apply a thin coat of engine oil to 6. Install the new oil filter cartridge,
4. Remove the oil filter cartridge with the O-ring of the new oil filter car- and then tighten it to the specified
an oil filter wrench. tridge. torque with a torque wrench.

NOTE: NOTE:
An oil filter wrench is available at a Make sure that the O-ring is properly
Yamaha dealer. seated.

7 . Install the engine oil drain bolt, and


then tighten it to the specified
torque.

Tightening torque:
Engine oil drain bolt:
43 Nm (4.3 m-kg, 31 ft.lb)

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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EC000072 EC000067
8. Add the specified amount of the
recommended engine oil, and
then install and tighten the oil filler l In order to prevent clutch slip- If the oil level warning light flickers
cap. page (since the engine oil also or remains on, immediately turn the
lubricates the clutch), do not engine off and have a Yamaha deal-
-Recommended engine oil: mix any chemical additives with er check the vehicle.
See page 8-l. the oil- or use oils of a higher
10. Turn the engine off, and then
Oil quantity: grade than “CD”. In addition, do
check the oil level and correct it if
Without oil filter cartridge not use oils labeled “ENERGY
necessary.
replacement: CONSERVING II” or higher.
3.2 L (2.8 Imp qt, 3.4 US qt) l Make sure that no foreign mate-
With oil filter cartridge rial enters the crankcase.
replacement: 9 . Start the engine, and then let it idle
3.4 L (3.0 Imp qt, 3.6 US qt) for several minutes while checking
Total amount (dry engine): it for oil leakage. If oil is leaking,
4.0 L (3.5 Imp qt, 4.2 US qt) immediately turn the engine off
and check for the cause.

NOTE:
After the engine is started, the engine
oil level warning light should go off if the
oil level is sufficient.

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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU02975

Final gear oil Recommended final gear oil:


The final gear case must be checked \ Hypoid gear oil SAE 80 (API GL4)
for oil leakage before each ride. If any or multigrade hypoid gear oil SAE
leakage is found, have a Yamaha deal- 80W-90
er check and repair the motorcycle. In Oil quantity:
addition, the final gear oil must be 0.2 L (0.18 Imp qt, 0.21 US qt)
changed as follows at the intervals
specified in the periodic maintenance NOTE:
1. Final gear oil filler bolt GL4 is a quality rating. Hypoid gear oils
and lubrication chart.
2. Correct oil level rated GL5 or GL6 may also be used.
1. Place the motorcycle on the cen-
3. Final gear oil drain bolt EW000066
terstand.
2. Place an oil pan under the final 3. Remove the oil filler bolt and drain

. year case to collect the used oil. bolt to drain the oil from the final l Make sure that no foreign mate-
gear case. rial enters the final gear case.
4. Install the final gear oil drain bolt, l Make sure that no oil gets on
and then tighten it to the specified the tire or wheel.
torque.
6. Check the final gear case for oil
Tightening torque: leakage. If oil is leaking, check for
the cause.
Final gear oil drain bolt:
23 Nm (2.3 m-kg, 17 ft.lb)

5. Add the specified amount of the


recommended final gear oil, and
then install and tighten the oil filler
bolt.

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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU03416
NOTE:
Coolant l The coolant level must be checked
The coolant level should be checked on a cold engine since the level
before each ride. In addition, the cool- varies with engine temperature.
and must be changed at the intervals l Make sure that the motorcycle is
specified in the periodic maintenance positioned straight up when
and lubrication chart. checking the coolant level. A slight
If the engine overheats, see page 6-47 tilt to the side can result in a false
for further instructions. reading.
1. Maximum level mark
2. Minimum level mark 3. Check the coolant level in the
To check the coolant level coolant reservoir.
1. Place the motorcycle on a level NOTE:
surface and hold it in an upright The coolant should be between the
position. minimum and maximum level marks.
2. Remove cowling A. (See page 6-8
4. If the coolant is at or below the
for cowling removal and installa-
minimum level mark, remove the
tion procedures.)
coolant reservoir cap and add
coolant to the maximum level
mark.
5. Install the coolant reservoir cap
and the cowling.

Coolant reservoir capacity:


0.3 L (0.26 Imp, 0.32 US qt)

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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EC000060 EAU03417
NOTE:
The radiator fan is automatically To change the coolant
switched on or off according to the Place the motorcycle on a level
If coolant is not available, use 1.
surface and let the engine cool if
distilled water or soft tap water coolant temperature in the radiator. If
the engine overheats, see page 6-47 necessary.
instead. Do not use hard water
2 . Remove cowling A and panel A.
or salt water since it is harmful for further instructions.
(See pages 6-8 and 6-9 for cowl-
to the engine.
ing and panel removal and instal-
If water has been used instead
lation procedures.)
of coolant, replace it with cool-
3 . Place a container under the en-
ant as soon as possible, other-
gine to collect the used coolant.
wise the engine may not be
sufficiently cooled and the cool-
ing system will not be protected
against frost and corrosion.
. 0 If water has been added to the
Q
coolant, have a Yamaha dealer
check the antifreeze content of
the coolant as soon as possible,
otherwise the effectiveness of
the coolant will be reduced.
EW000067

Never attempt to remove the radia-


tor cap when the engine is hot.

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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR

1. Radiator cap 1. Coolant drain cock 1. Water pump drain bolt


2. Position indicator
4. Remove the radiator cap. 6. Remove the water pump drain bolt
EW000067 5. Turn the coolant drain cock to to drain the water pump housing.
“ON”.
Never attempt to remove the radia-
tor cap when the engine is hot.

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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR

11. Install the rubber coolant drain


plugs, and then install the cylinder
drain plug covers.

NOTE:
1. Screw (x 4) 1. Rubber coolant drain plug (x 4) Check the rubber plugs for damage
7. Remove the cylinder drain plug 8 . Remove the rubber coolant drain and replace them if necessary.
covers on the outside of the cylin- plugs to drain the coolant from the 12. Turn the coolant drain cock to
der blocks by removing the engine. “OFF”.
9 . After the coolant is completely 13. Pour the recommended coolant
drained, thoroughly flush the cool- into the reservoir to the maximum
ing system with clean tap water. level, and then install the cap.
1 0 . Install the water pump drain bolt, 14. Pour the recommended coolant
and then tighten it to the specified into the radiator until it is full.
torque.

NOTE:
Check the washer for damage and re-
place it if necessary.

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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
l If water has been added to the
Antifreeze/water mixture ratio: coolant, have a Yamaha dealer
1:1 check the antifreeze content of
Recommended antifreeze: the coolant as soon as possible,
High-quality ethylene glycol otherwise the effectiveness of
antifreeze containing corrosion the coolant will be reduced.
inhibitors for aluminum engines
Coolant quantity: 15. Install the radiator cap, start the
Total amount: engine, let it idle for several min-
3.05 L (2.68 Imp qt, 3.22 US qt) utes, and then turn it off.
Coolant reservoir capacity: 16. Remove the radiator cap to check
0.3 L (0.26 Imp qt, 0.32 US qt) the coolant level in the radiator. If
necessary, add sufficient coolant
EC000080
until it reaches the top of the radia-
tor, and then install the radiator
l If coolant is not available, use cap.
distilled water or soft tap water 17. Check the coolant level in the res-
instead. Do not use hard water ervoir. If necessary, remove the
or salt water since it is harmful coolant reservoir cap, add coolant
to the engine. to the maximum level mark, and
l If water has been used instead then install the cap.
of coolant, replace it with cool- 18. Start the engine, and then check
ant as soon as possible, other- the vehicle for coolant leakage. If
wise the engine may not be coolant is leaking, have a Yamaha
sufficiently cooled and the cool- dealer check the cooling system.
ing system will not be protected 19. Install the cowling and the panel.
against frost and corrosion.

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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EC000062
I

l Make sure that the air filter ele-


ment is properly seated in the
air filter case.
l The engine should never be op-
erated without the air filter ele-
ment installed, otherwise the
I I piston(s) and/or cylinder(s) may
1. Screw (x 6) 1. Air filter element become excessively worn.
EAU01662 3. Pull the air filter element out. 6. Install the air filter case cover by
Cleaning the air filter element 4. Lightly tap the air filter element to installing the screws.
The air filter element should be cleaned remove most of the dust and dirt, 7. Install the cowling.
at the intervals specified in the periodic and then blow the remaining dirt
maintenance and lubrication chart. out with compressed air as shown.
Clean the air filter element more fre- If the air filter element is damaged,
quently if you are riding in unusually replace it.
wet or dusty areas. 5. Insert the air filter element into the
1. Remove cowling A. (See page 6-8 air filter case.
for cowling removal and installa-
tion procedures.)
2 . Remove the air filter case cover by
removing the screws.

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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00637

Adjusting the carburetors Adjusting the valve clearance


The carburetors are important parts of The valve clearance changes with use,
the engine and emission control sys- resulting in improper air-fuel mixture
tem, which require very sophisticated and/or engine noise. To prevent this
adjustment. Therefore, all carburetor from occurring, the valve clearance
adjustments should be left to a must be adjusted by a Yamaha dealer
Yamaha dealer, who has the neces- at the intervals specified in the periodic
sary professional knowledge and expe- maintenance and lubrication chart.
rience. a. Throttle cable free play

Adjusting the throttle cable


free play
The throttle cable free play should
measure 3-5 mm (0.12-0.20 in) at the
throttle grip. Periodically check the
throttle cable free play and, if neces-
sary, have a Yamaha dealer adjust it.

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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EW000083
EAU03360

Tires m

To maximize the performance, durabil- Proper loading of your motorcycle


ity, and safe operation of your motor- is important for several characteris-
cycle, note the following points tics of your motorcycle, such as
regarding the specified tires. 225 kPa 2.50 kPa handling, braking, performance and
90 kg (198 lb)-
maximum 2 . 2 5 kgf/cm² 2.50 kgf/cm² safety. Do not carry loosely packed
33 psi 36 psi
Tire air pressure items that can shift. Securely pack
The tire air pressure should be your heaviest items close to the
checked and, if necessary, adjusted center of the motorcycle, and dis-
before each ride. 216 kg (476 lb): VMX12 tribute the weight evenly from side
EW000082 Maximum load*
I I
215 kg (474 lb): VMX12C
,
to side. Properly adjust the suspen-
* Total weight of rider, passenger, cargo and sion for your load, and check the
accessories
l The tire air pressure must be condition and pressure of your tires.
checked and adjusted on cold NEVER OVERLOAD YOUR MOTOR-
tires (i.e., when the temperature CYCLE. Make sure the total weight
of the tires equals the ambient of the cargo, rider, passenger, and
temperature). accessories (cowling, saddlebags,
l The tire air pressure must be etc. if approved for this model) does
adjusted in accordance with the not exceed the maximum load of the
riding speed and with the total motorcycle. Operation of an over-
weight of rider, passenger, car- loaded motorcycle could cause tire
go, and accessories approved damage, an accident, or even injury.
for this model.

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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
FRONT EAU00664

Manufacturer Size Type


Bridgestone 110//90-18 61V G525AW This motorcycle is fitted with super-
Dunlop 110//90-18 61V F20
high-speed tires. Note the following
REAR points in order to make the most ef-
Manufacturer Size Type ficient use of these tires.
Bridgestone 150/90-l 5 M/C 74V G526BW l Use only the specified replace-
Dunlop 150/90-l 5 M/C 74V K525
ment tires. Other tires may run
the danger of bursting at super
MInImum tire tread depth
1. Sidewall
2. Wear indicator I (front and rear)
1 .O mm (0.04 in)
I
high speeds.
l Brand-new tires can have a rela-
a. Tire tread depth
tively poor grip on certain road
Tire inspection
surfaces until they have been
Always check the tires before operating
“broken in”. Therefore, it is ad-
the motorcycle. If a tire tread shows
visable before doing any high-
crosswise lines (minimum tread depth),
speed riding to ride conserva-
if the tire has a nail or glass fragments
tively for approximately 100 km
in it, or if the side wall is cracked, con-
(60 mi) after installing a new
tact a Yamaha dealer immediately and
tire.
have the tire replaced.
l The tires must be warmed up
before a high-speed run.
l Always adjust the tire air pres-
sure according to the operating
conditions.

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