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Jesus and Violence

Violent OT Laws
Jesus seems to have believed this violent commandment was from God. “And why do
you break the commandment of God for the sake of your tradition? For God said,
‘Honor your father and your mother,’ and, ‘Whoever speaks evil of fatheror
mother must surely die.’” (Mt 15:3-4)
“You have a fine way of rejecting the commandment of God in order to keep your
tradition! 10 For Moses said, ‘Honor your father and your mother’; and,
‘Whoever speaks evil of father or mother must surely die.’” (Mk 7:9-10)

OT Violence
Jesus seems to have believed that these violent judgements occurred.
"If anyone will not welcome you or listen to your words, shake off the dust from
your feet as you leave that house or town. Truly I tell you, it will be more tolerable
for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah on the day of judgment than for that town.”
(Mt 10:14-15)
“Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the deeds of power done in
you had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in
sackcloth and ashes. But I tell you, on the day of judgment it will be more
tolerable for Tyre and Sidon than for you. And you, Capernaum, will you be
exalted to heaven? No, you will be brought down to Hades. For if the deeds of
power done in you had been done in Sodom, it would have remained untilthis
day. But I tell you that on the day of judgment it will be more tolerable for the
land of Sodom than for you.” (Mt 11:21-24; par. Lk 10-12-15)
“For as in those days before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying
and giving in marriage, until the day Noah entered the ark, 39 and they knew
nothing until the flood came and swept them all away, so too will be the coming of
the Son of Man.” (Mt 24:38-39)
"Just as it was in the days of Noah, so too it will be in the days of the Son of Man.
They were eating and drinking, and marrying and being given in marriage, until
the day Noah entered the ark, and the flood came and destroyed all of them.” (Lk
17:26-27)
"28 Likewise, just as it was in the days of Lot: they were eating and drinking,
buying and selling, planting and building, but on the day that Lot left Sodom, it
rained fire and sulfurfrom heaven and destroyed all of them- it will be like that on
the day that the Son of Man is revealed.” (Lk 17:28-29)
Gehenna
"and if you say, ‘You fool,’ you will be liable to the hell of fire.” (Mt 5:22)
"it is better for you to lose one of your members than for your whole body to be
thrown into hell” x2 (Mt 5:29-30)
"Do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul; rather fear him who
can destroy both soul and body in hell." (Mt 10:28)
"it is better for you to enter life maimed or lame than to have two hands or two
feet and to be thrown into the eternal fire.” (Mt 18:8)
"it is better for you to enter life with one eye than to have two eyes and to be
thrown into the hell of fire.” (Mt 18:9)
"Fill up, then, the measure of your ancestors. 33 You snakes, you brood of vipers!
How can you escape being sentenced to hell? 34 Therefore I send you prophets,
sages, and scribes, some of whom you will kill and crucify, and some you will flog
in your synagogues and pursue from town to town, 35 so that upon you may come
all the righteous blood shed on earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood
of Zechariah son of Barachiah, whom you murdered between the sanctuary and
the altar. 36 Truly I tell you, all this will come upon this generation.” (Mt 23:32-36)
"it is better for you to enter life maimed than to have two hands and to go to hell,
to the unquenchable fire ...it is better for you to enter life lame than to have two
feet and to be thrown into hell… it is better for you to enter the kingdom of God
with one eye than to have two eyes and to be thrown into hell,where their worm
never dies, and the fire is never quenched.” (Mk 9:43-48)
"But I will warn you whom to fear: fear him who, after he has killed, has authority
to cast into hell. Yes, I tell you, fear him!” (Lk 12:5) Other passages indicating
divine judgement/wrath/retribution "Every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut
down and thrown into the fire.” (Mt 7:19)
"on the day of judgment you will have to give an account for every careless word
you utter; for by your words you will be justified, and by your words you will be
condemned.” (Mt 12:36-37)
"Just as the weeds are collected and burned up with fire, so will it be at the end of
the age.The Son of Man will send his angels, and they will collect out of his
kingdom all causes of sin and all evildoers,and they will throw them into the
furnace of fire, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.” (Mt 13:40-42)
“So it will be at the end of the age. The angels will come out and separate the evil
from the righteousand throw them into the furnace of fire, where there will be
weeping and gnashing of teeth.” (Mt 13:49-50)
“If any of you put a stumbling block before one of these little ones who believe in
me, it would be better for you if a great millstone were fastened around your neck
and you were drowned in the depth of the sea” (Mat 18:6, c.f Mk 9.42, Lk 17:2)
"And in anger his lord handed him over to be tortured until he would pay his
entire debt.So my heavenly Father will also do to every one of you, if you do not
forgive your brother or sister from your heart.”” (Mt 18:34-35)
"‘You that are accursed, depart from me into the eternal fire prepared for the devil
and his angels; … these will go away into eternal punishment” (Mt 25:41, 46)
"woe to that one [Judas] by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been
better for that one not to have been born.” (Mt 26:24, Mk 14:21)
“[the scribes] will receive the greater condemnation.” (Mt 12:40; Lk 20:47) "The
queen of the South will rise at the judgment with the people of this generation and
condemn them … The people of Nineveh will rise up at the judgment with this
generation and condemn it” (Lk 11:31-32) "so that this generation may be
charged with the blood of all the prophets … Yes, I tell you, it will be charged
against this generation.” (Lk 11:50-51) "unless you repent, you will all perish as
[those Galileans whose blood Pilate had mingled with their sacrifices] did …
unless you repent, you will all perish just as [the eighteen who were killed when
the tower of Siloam fell on them] did.” (Lk 13:3,5) Indeed, the days will come
upon you, when your enemies will set up ramparts around you and surround you,
and hem you in on every side. They will crush you to the ground, you and your
children within you, and they will not leave within you one stone upon another;
because you did not recognize the time of your visitation from God.” (Lk 19:43-44)
“When you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its desolation
has come near.Then those in Judea must flee to the mountains, and those inside
the city must leave it, and those out in the country must not enter it; 22 for these
are days of vengeance, as a fulfillment of all that is written. 23 Woe to those who
are pregnant and to those who are nursing infants in those days! For there will be
great distress on the earth and wrath against this people; 24 they will fall by the
edge of the sword and be taken away as captives among all nations; and Jerusalem
will be trampled on by the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.”
(Lk 21:20-24)
"those who do not believe are condemned already, because they have not believed
in the name of the only Son of God.” (Jn 3:18)
"for the hour is coming when all who are in their graves will hear his voice 29 and
will come out—those who have done good, to the resurrection of life, and those
who have done evil, to the resurrection of condemnation. (Jn 5:28-29)
"“I came into this world for judgment so that those who do not see may see, and
those who do see may become blind” (Jn 9:39) "The one who rejects me and does
not receive my word has a judge; on the last day the word that I have spoken will
serve as judge” (Jn 12:48)
"Whoever does not abide in me is thrown away like a branch and withers; such
branches are gathered, thrown into the fire, and burned.” (Jn 15:6)

Rejection / No Forgiveness
"Then I will declare to them, ‘I never knew you; go away from me, you evildoers.”
(Mt 7:23)
"the heirs of the kingdom will be thrown into the outer darkness, where there will
be weeping and gnashing of teeth.” (Mt 8:12)
"whoever denies me before others, I also will deny before my Father in heaven."
(Mt 10:33)
"blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven...whoever speaks against the
Holy Spirit will not be forgiven, either in this age or in the age to come.” (Mt 12:31-
32)
"whoever blasphemes against the Holy Spirit can never have forgiveness, but is
guilty of an eternal sin” (Mk 3:29)
"Those who are ashamed of me and of my words in this adulterous and sinful
generation, of them the Son of Man will also be ashamed when he comes in the
glory of his Father with the holy angels.” (Mk 8:38; Lk 6:26)
"whoever denies me before others will be denied before the angels of God…
whoever blasphemes against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven.” (Lk 12:9-10)
“he will say, ‘I do not know where you come from; go away from me, all you
evildoers!’ 28 There will be weeping and gnashing of teeth when you see Abraham
and Isaac and Jacob and all the prophets in the kingdom of God, and you
yourselves thrown out. (Lk 13:27-28)
Violence in Parables
I include these, because I think at least some of them are pointing to future
judgement/retribution, either in history (e.g. destruction of Jerusalem) or at the end of the
age
The Parable of the Wicked Tenants (Mk 12:1-12; Mt 21:33-46; Lk 20:9-19) "What
then will the owner of the vineyard do? He will come and destroy the tenants and
give the vineyard to others.” (Mk) "the kingdom of God will be taken away from
you and given to a people that producesthe fruits of the kingdom.44 The one who
falls on this stone will be broken to pieces; and it will crush anyone on whom it
falls.” (Mt) "What then will the owner of the vineyard do to them? 16 He will come
and destroy those tenants and give the vineyard to others.” (Lk) The Parable of The
Wedding Banquet (Mt 22:1-14; Lk 14:15-24) "The king was enraged. He sent his
troops, destroyed those murderers, and burned their city ...Bind him hand and
foot, and throw him into the outer darkness, where there will be weeping and
gnashing of teeth.’” (Mt) The Faithful or the Unfaithful Slave (Mt 24:45-51; Lk
12:41-48) "the master of that slave will come on a day when he does not expect
him and at an hour that he does not know. He will cut him in pieces and put him
with the hypocrites, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth” (Mt) "the
master of that slave will come on a day when he does not expect him and at an
hour that he does not know, and will cut him in pieces, and put him with the
unfaithful. That slave who knew what his master wanted, but did not prepare
himself or do what was wanted, will receive a severe beating.But the one who did
not know and did what deserved a beating will receive a light beating. ” (Lk)
The Parable of the Talents (Mt 25:14-30; Lk 19:11-27)
"As for this worthless slave, throw him into the outer darkness, where there will be
weeping and gnashing of teeth.’” (Mt)
"as for these enemies of mine who did not want me to be king over them -bring
them here and slaughter them in my presence.’”(Lk)
The Parable of the Barren Fig Tree (Lk 13:9)
"If it bears fruit next year, well and good; but if not, you can cut it down.” (Lk)
The Rich Man and Lazarus (Lk 16:19-31)
"In Hades, where he was being tormented, he looked up and saw Abraham far
away with Lazarus by his side.24 He called out, ‘Father Abraham, have mercy on
me, and send Lazarus to dip the tip of his finger in water and cool my tongue; for
I am in agony in theseflames.’ 25 But Abraham said, ‘Child, remember that during
your lifetime you received your good things, and Lazarus in like manner evil
things; but now he is comforted here, and you are in agony.” (Lk)