You are on page 1of 9

D EUTSCHE NORM September 2000

Crosslinked high-density polyethylene


(PE-X) pipes {
Dimensions
(including Corrigendum 1: 2000 16893
ICS 23.040.20 Supersedes
November 1988 edition.
Rohre aus vernetztem Polyethylen hoher Dichte (PE-X) – Maße

In keeping with current practice in standards published by the International Organization for Standardization
(ISO), a comma has been used throughout as the decimal marker.

Contents
Page Page
Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6 Allowable working pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
1 Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 7 Form supplied . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
2 Normative references . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 8 Marking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
3 Concepts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Explanatory notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
4 Safety factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Other relevant standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
5 Dimensions and designation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

Foreword
This standard has been prepared by Technical Committee Außendurchmesser und Betriebsüberdrücke of
the Normenausschuss Kunststoffe (Plastics Standards Committee).

Amendments
This standards differs from the November 1988 edition as follows:
a) the dimension tables have been revised and the S/SDR series expanded;
b) wall thicknesses conform to ISO 4065 : 1996 and the minimum wall thickness is now 1,3 mm;
c) a safety factor of 1,25 has been included;
d) tolerances on circularity (ovality) have been included;
e) service life is now assumed to be 100 years (at temperatures up to 50 °C);
Normen-Download-Beuth-Golan Plastic Products-KdNr.5357844-LfNr.5587096001-2012-01-02 13:56

f) outside diameters up to 250 mm are covered;


g) the designation has been revised.

Previous edition
DIN 16893: 1988-11.

All dimensions are in millimetres.


The pressures given are gauge pressures, in bar.

1 Scope
This standard specifies dimensions and tolerances for pipes made from crosslinked polyethylene (PE-X) as
specified in DIN 16892.
NOTE: Any relevant European Standards shall also be observed.

Continued on pages 2 to 9.

Translation by DIN-Sprachendienst.
In case of doubt, the German-language original should be consulted as the authoritative text.

© No part of this translation may be reproduced without the prior permission of Ref. No. DIN 16893 : 2000-09
DIN Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V., Berlin. Beuth Verlag GmbH, 10772 Berlin, Germany, English price group 07 Sales No. 0107
has the exclusive right of sale for German Standards (DIN-Normen).
09.01
Page 2
DIN 16893 : 2000-09

2 Normative references
This standard incorporates, by dated or undated reference, provisions from other publications. These norma-
tive references are cited at the appropriate places in the text, and the titles of the publications are listed below.
For dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply to this
standard only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated references, the latest edition of
the publication referred to applies.
DIN 16892 Crosslinked high-density polyethylene (PE-X) pipes – General quality requirements and
testing
ISO 161-1 : 1996 Thermoplastics pipes for the conveyance of fluids – Nominal outside diameters and nomi-
nal pressures – Part 1: Metric series
ISO 4065 : 1996 Thermoplastics pipes – Universal wall thickness table
ISO 11922-1 : 1997 Thermoplastics pipes for the conveyance of fluids – Dimensions and tolerances – Part 1:
Metric series
DIN EN ISO 12162 Thermoplastics materials for pipes and fittings for pressure applications – Classification
and designation – Overall service (design) coefficient (ISO 12162 : 1995)

3 Concepts
3.1 Pipe series
Dimensionless number (designated by S) related to the nominal outside diameter, d, of a pipe and its wall
thickness. On the basis of this number, the wall thickness, s, is to be calculated as follows:
d
s=
2⋅ S + 1 (1)

where s is to be taken from ISO 4065.

3.2 Standard dimension ratio


The ratio of the outside diameter of a pipe to its wall thickness is to be calculated as follows:
d
SDR = 2 ⋅ S + 1 = (2)
s
where S is to be taken from ISO 4065.

4 Safety factors
Safety factors shall be specified in the appropriate product standards. The minimum safety factor at 20 °C for
pipes made from croslinked polyethylene is 1,25, as specified in DIN EN ISO 12162. Tables 4 and 5 give the
values for allowable working pressure, taking into account safety factors of 1,25 and 1,5, respectively.
Normen-Download-Beuth-Golan Plastic Products-KdNr.5357844-LfNr.5587096001-2012-01-02 13:56

5 Dimensions and designation


5.1 Designation
Designation of a pipe made from peroxide crosslinked PE-X (PE-Xa)1), with an outside diameter, d, of 32 mm
and a wall thickness, s, of 2,9 mm:
Pipe DIN 16893 – 32 × 2,9 – PE-Xa

Figure 1

1) See DIN 16892.


Page 3
DIN 16893 : 2000-09

Designation of a pipe made from hydrosilicon crosslinked PE-X (PE-Xb) 1), with an outside diameter, d, of 32 mm
and a diameter/wall thickness ration of 11 (SDR 11):
Pipe DIN 16893 – 32 × SDR 11 – PE-Xb
Designation of a pipe made from electron beam crosslinked PE-X (PE-Xc)1), with an outside diameter of 32 mm,
taken from the pipe series S 5:
Pipe DIN 16893 – 32 × S 5 – PE-Xc

5.2 Wall thickness and mass


Table 1: Wall thickness and mass
Pipe series (S)

Outside
Standard dimension ratio (SDR)
diameter,
d

s 1) Mass, in s 1) Mass, in s 1) Mass, in s 1) Mass, in


kg/m 2) kg/m 2 ) kg/m 2 ) kg/m 2)
Normen-Download-Beuth-Golan Plastic Products-KdNr.5357844-LfNr.5587096001-2012-01-02 13:56

1) The minimum wall thickness is 1,3 mm.


2) The mass has been calculated taking the average density as 0,94 g/cm3 and the wall thickness as the nominal
size plus half the tolerance specified. Values have been given to three places.

1) See DIN 16892.


Page 4
DIN 16893 : 2000-09

5.3 Tolerances on outside diameter and circularity (ovality)


Table 2: Tolerances on outside diameter and circularity (ovality)

Outside Circularity tolerance 3)


Limit deviations for mean
diameter, d outside diameter 1) 2) Straight pipes Coiled pipes
Normen-Download-Beuth-Golan Plastic Products-KdNr.5357844-LfNr.5587096001-2012-01-02 13:56

1) The given values have been calculated as follows:


+ 0,009 d, rounded up to the nearest 0,1 mm; at least 0,3 mm.
2 ) The bracketed values apply in cases where pipes are manufactured by heating coil welding. Here, the limit

deviations are equal to + 0,006 d, rounded up to the nearest 0,1 mm; at least 0,3 mm.
3 ) The given values have been calculated as follows

Straight pipes:
for d ß 75 mm: 0,008 d + 1 mm, rounded up to the nearest 0,1 mm, at least 1,2 mm;
for d ö 90 mm to 250 mm: 0,02 d, rounded up to the nearest 0,1 mm.
Coiled pipes:
for d ß 63 mm: 0,06 d, rounded up to the nearest 0,1 mm, at least 1 mm;
for d ö 75 mm: subject to agreement.
Page 5
DIN 16893 : 2000-09

5.4 Wall thickness tolerances


Table 3: Wall thickness tolerances
Wall thickness, s Limit deviation 1) Wall thickness, s Limit deviation 1)

Up to 2 Over 18 up to 19

Over 2 up to 3 Over 19 up to 20

Over 3 up to 4 Over 20 up to 21

Over 4 up to 5 Over 21 up to 22

Over 5 up to 6 Over 22 up to 23

Over 6 up to 7 Over 23 up to 24

Over 7 up to 8 Over 24 up to 25

Over 8 up to 9 Over 25 up to 26

Over 9 up to 10 Over 26 up to 27

Over 10 up to 11 Over 27 up to 28

Over 11 up to 12 Over 28 up to 29

Over 12 up to 13 Over 29 up to 30

Over 13 up to 14 Over 30 up to 31

Over 14 up to 15 Over 31 up to 32

Over 15 up to 16 Over 32 up to 33

Over 16 up to 17 Over 33 up to 34

Over 17 up to 18 Over 34 up to 35
Normen-Download-Beuth-Golan Plastic Products-KdNr.5357844-LfNr.5587096001-2012-01-02 13:56

1) The given values have been calculated on the following basis: Limit deviation = 0,1 s + 0,2 mm, rounded up
to the nearest 0,1 mm.
A local increase in wall thickness of up to + 0,2 s is permissible for s up to 10 mm, and of up to 0,15 s for s
greater than 10 mm. The mean of the measurements shall, however, still lie within the given limit deviations.

6 Allowable working pressure


6.1 Allowable working pressure for pipes conveying water
The allowable working pressure is to be calculated as follows, on the basis of the long-term resistance to
hydrostatic pressure, allowing for a safety factor, as shown by the reference curves presented in DIN 16892.
s
p=
SF ⋅ S (3)

where
p is the allowable working pressure, in bar;
s is the long-term hydrostatic pressure resistance, in N/mm²;
S is the pipe series number, as specified in ISO 4065;
SF is a safety factor (cf. clause 4).

6.2 Allowable working pressure for pipes conveying other liquids


In the case of pipes which come into contact with aqueous fluids or fluids which are particularly hazardous, it
is recommended that a lower S or SDR number be chosen or the manufacturer’s instructions be followed.
Page 6
DIN 16893 : 2000-09

Table 4: Allowable working pressure for pipes conveying water, with SF = 1,25
Pipe series (S)

Temperature, Years of service Standard dimension ratio (SDR)


in °C

Allowable working pressure, in bar 2)


Normen-Download-Beuth-Golan Plastic Products-KdNr.5357844-LfNr.5587096001-2012-01-02 13:56

1) 1) 1) 1) 1)

1) 1) 1) 1) 1)

1) The bracketed values apply where testing can be shown to have been carried out for longer than one year at
110 °C.
2 ) Values calculated to two decimal places, deleting the second.
Page 7
DIN 16893 : 2000-09

Table 5: Allowable working pressure for pipes conveying water, with SF = 1,5
Pipe series (S)

Temperature, Years of service Standard dimension ratio (SDR)


in °C

Allowable working pressure, in bar 2)


Normen-Download-Beuth-Golan Plastic Products-KdNr.5357844-LfNr.5587096001-2012-01-02 13:56

1) 1) 1) 1) 1)

1) 1) 1) 1) 1)

1) The bracketed values apply where testing can be shown to have been carried out for longer than one year
at 110 °C.
2 ) Values calculated to two decimal places, deleting the second.
Page 8
DIN 16893 : 2000-09

7 Form supplied
Pipes shall be supplied in specified lengths or coils, complying with the tolerances specified in table 6.
Table 6: Limit deviations for nominal lengths

Form supplied Limit deviations


Coils, unwound length Actual length not less than nominal length
Straight pipes, Up to 12 m t 10 mm
specified lengths Over 12 m By agreement.

8 Marking
Pipes conforming to this standard shall bear the following information marked indelibly at 1 m intervals:
EXAMPLE:
a) manufacturer’s identification xyz
b) quality or inspection mark RAL
c) material designation PE-Xa
d) DIN number DIN 16892/DIN 16893
e) S or SDR value SDR 11
f) outside diameter × wall thickness 32 × 2,9
g) date of manufacture 140198*)
h) machine number 7
This marking is only to be used for pipes which are not covered in other product standards or technical rules.

*) 14 January 1998.

Explanatory notes
With regard to the specifications for outside diameters, this standard conforms to ISO 161-1, with regard to the
specifications for wall thickness, it conforms to ISO 4065, and with regard to tolerances on outside diameter,
circularity and wall thickness, it conforms to ISO 11922-1.
In the case of pipes with special dimensions, where the working pressure, p, is known, the wall thickness, s,
is to be calculated using the following equation:
p⋅d
s=
s
20 ⋅ +p
SF
Normen-Download-Beuth-Golan Plastic Products-KdNr.5357844-LfNr.5587096001-2012-01-02 13:56

where
p is the allowable working pressure, in bar;
d is the outside diameter, in mm;
s is the long-term hydrostatic pressure resistance, in N/mm2;
SF is a safety factor.
The pressure rating (PN) is no longer used for pipe designation in basic standards for plastics pipes. However,
for the purpose of comparison, the table below correlates the old PN values with the S and SDR values.
The pipe outside diameters were selected from a preferred number series.

Table: Relation of pipe series, standard dimension


ratio and nominal pressure (PN) for PE-X pipes
Nominal
Pipe series Standard dimension ratio
pressure
(S) (SDR)
(PN)1)
2)

2)

1) Based on a strength, sv,zul , of 6,3 N/mm2.


2) Not included in the 1988 edition of DIN 16893.
Page 9
DIN 16893 : 2000-09

The service life of PE-X pipes at operating temperatures of up to 50 °C, previously given as fifty years, may now
be assumed to be at least one hundred years.
The nominal sizes and allowable working pressures to be used in particular operations will have to be included
in the appropriate product standards or other applicable technical rules.
According to current knowledge of the long-term stability of crosslinked polyethylene, it can be assumed that
pipes conveying water are capable of resisting the pressures given in tables 4 and 5.

Other relevant standard


DIN 2403 Marking of pipes according to fluid transported
Normen-Download-Beuth-Golan Plastic Products-KdNr.5357844-LfNr.5587096001-2012-01-02 13:56