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ENGINEERING

REFRESHER

OCTOBER 2016

For CHEMICAL ENGINEERS LICENSURE EXAMINATION

On NOVEMBER 18, 19 and 20, 2016

1. Aerosol particles of 0.001 inch in diameter with specific gravity 0.8 are

to be settled from an air stream. At the process conditions the following

data applies: ρf = 0.08 lb/ft3, ρp = 49.92 lb/ft3 and µ (air) = 0.02 cp. If the

chamber is 2 ft deep, the residence time is

(A). 74 s

(B). 85 s

(C). 15 s

(D). 43 s

2. Partition ratios can be particularly sensitive to temperature when

mutual solubility between the feed and extraction solvent involves

hydrogen bonding. An interesting example is the extraction of citric

acid from water using 1-butoxy-2-propanol as a solvent. Its partition

ration at a temperature of 80°C is

(A). 0.65

(B). 0.4

(C). 0.35

(D). 0.25

3. A coarse, stationary or vibrating screen consisting of parallel steel

bars is

(B). grizzly

(C). reciprocating screen

(D). oscillating screen

4. An available crusher has been accepting hard rock with a volume-surface

mean diameter of 0.069 m and providing a product with a volume-surface

mean diameter of 5 x 10-3 m. The power required for crushing 10,000 kg/h of

this specific rock is 6.35 kW. Assume that the mechanical efficiency of the

unit will remain unchanged. The power consumption if the capacity were

reduced to 9000 kg/h with the same feed characteristics but with a reduction

in the volume surface mean diameter of the product to 4 x 10-3 m is

(A). 7.35 kW

(B). 7.0 kW

(C). 6.64 kW

(D). 8.64 kW

5. What is the bowl diameter of a disc type sedimenting centrifuge

with the following specifications and performance characteristics:

speed = 4,000 rev/min, liquid throughput rate = 20 – 200 gal/min and

typical motor size = 7.5 Hp?

(A). 7.0 in

(B). 13 in

(C). 24 in

(D). 10 in

6. A separation process in which a liquid mixture contacts a non-porous

perm-selective membrane and one component is transported through the

membrane preferentially is called

(A). electrodialysis

(B). ultrafiltration

(C). pervaporation

(D). microfiltration

7. Calculate the power to move a load of 850 tons/h of a granular

material on a conveyor belt, 1.0 m wide and 100 m long. The conveyor

operates at 150 m/min and its moving parts weight 5,000 kg

respectively. Constants F and Lo have been evaluated as 0.04 and 38

respectively.

(A). 24 Hp

(B). 27.2 Hp

(C). 19.8 Hp

(D). 35.3 Hp

8. An extraction process in which the primary purpose is to transfer

solute from the feed phase into the extract phase in a manner

analogous to stripping in distillation

(B). cross current or cross flow extraction

(C). countercurrent extraction

(D). standard extraction

Page 15-11

Standard extraction process is one in which the primary purpose

is to transfer solute from the feed phase into the extract phase in

a manner analogous to stripping in distillation.

present in the feed are sharply separated from each other, one

fraction leaving the extractor in the extract and the other in the

raffinate.

which the raffinate R from one extraction stage is contacted with

additional fresh solvent S in a subsequent stage.

extraction solvent enters the stage or end of the extraction farthest

from where the feed F enters, and the two phases pass each other in

countercurrent fashion.

9. Urea pellets are made by spraying drops of molten urea into cold

gas at the top of a tall tower and allowing the material to solidify as it

falls. Pellets 6 mm in diameter are to be made in a tower 25 m high

containing air at 20°C (viscosity = 0.018 cp and density = 1.206

kg/m3). The density of urea is 1,330 kg/m3. The terminal velocity of

the pellets, assuming free settling conditions is

(A). 18 m/s

(B). 10 m/s

(C). 8 m/s

(D). 14 m/s

10. The first appearance of adsorbate in fluid from an adsorber is

called

(A). throughput

(B). break point

(C). breakthrough

(D). critical point

11. The mutual solubility of two salts can be plotted on the X and Y

axes with temperatures as isotherm lines. If both solid-phase KCl and

NaCl are present, the solution composition at equilibrium can only be

represented by the invariant point (at constant pressure).

The solubility ratios in parts per 100 parts water of KCl and NaCl at

40°C are:

(B). 20.4 and 28.4

(C). 35 and 27.5

(D). 22.6 and 31.4

1. It is desired to recover lead from an ore containing 10% lead sulfide (PbS) and the balance assumed to be silica, 500 tons of ore

being treated per 24 hr-day. It is assumed that the concentrate from a single cell is of acceptable purity but the tailings are to be

retreated in scavenger cells with return of scavenger concentrate to the rougher. Laboratory findings indicate that if the water to solids

ratio L/S = 2.0 and the contact time is 8 min in the rougher and L/S = 4.0 for 15 min in scavenger with mechanically agitated machines

of the Denver type. The following compositions will be found for the various products:

PbS SiO2

Feed 10% 90%

Final Concentrate 80% 20%

Rougher Tailings 2% 98%

Scavenger Concentrate 11% 89%

Final Tailings 0.5% 99.5%

The densities of PbS and SiO2 are 7.5 and 2.65 g/cc respectively.

The volume needed in the scavenger is

(A). 750 ft3

(B). 570 ft3

(C). 680 ft3

(D). 840 ft3

13. Feed to a cooling crystallizer is 2,000 kg/h of 30 wt.% Na2SO4 in

water at 40°C. At 40°C, the solubility is 48.8 g Na2SO4 per 100 g of

H2O and heat of crystallization is exothermic at 18,700 kcal/kmol. This

solution is to be cooled to a temperature at which 50% of solute

crystallizes as decahydrate. Assume a constant specific heat for the

solution of 0.8 cal/g°C and the thermodynamic path of cooling the feed

is from 40°C to 25°C and then crystallizing at 25°C. Cooling water at

10°C flows countercurrently to the solution and exits at a temperature

that gives a log mean driving force of at least 10°C. The required heat

transfer area if an overall heat transfer coefficient of 307 kJ/h-m2-K

can be achieved is

(A). 78 m2

(B). 65 m2

(C). 95 m2

(D). 87 m2

14. Purification of a chemical species by solidification from a liquid

mixture where no diluent solvent is added to the reaction mixture and

the solid phase is formed by cooling is called

(B). melt crystallization

(C). fractional crystallization

(D). solution crystallization

15. The average work index of CaSO42H2O in kWh/ton is

(A). 13.11

(B). 8.16

(C). 25.17

(D). 45.03

16. One hundred kilograms per hour of a feed containing 20 wt.%

Na2CO3 and the balance insoluble solids is to be leached and washed

with water in a continuous countercurrent system. Assume that

leaching will be completed in one ideal stage. It is desired to obtain

a final extract containing 15 wt.% solution, with 98% recovery of the

solute. The underflow from each stage will contain 0.5 kg solution

per kg insoluble solids. The number of ideal washing stages is

(A). 6

(B). 5

(C). 2

(D). 4

1. The data below were obtained on the operation of a 6-mesh (square) hummer screen at the tipple of a coal mine. The screening was

done to separate a very fine refuse from a fine coal stream so that it could be reprocessed.

Feed to Screen, 131 tons per hour Underflow from Screen, 9.8 tons per

(Approximately 5% Moisture) Overflow from Screen hour (Dry Solids)

Size Sample Weight Size Sample Weight Size Sample, %

+1/4 in 3825 grams +1/4 in 2905 grams ¼ x 6 mesh 11.3

¼ x 6 mesh 1006 ¼ x 6 mesh 767 6x8 7.8

6 x 14 750 6 x 14 405 8 x 14 6.9

14 x 28 303 14 x 28 117 14 x 28 8.6

28 x 48 219 28 x 48 68 28 x 48 3.3

48 x 0 807 48 x 0 278 48 x 0 62.1

(A). 34.14%

(B). 54.6%

(C). 44.13%

(D). 78.3%

18. A conveyor consisting of a helical screw which rotates within a

stationary trough or casing and is used for loose materials such as

fertilizer, grain and meal is

(B). flight conveyor

(C). belt conveyor

(D). apron conveyor

19. It is desired to extract phenol from water using methyl

isobutyl ketone as extraction solvent at 30°C. The partition

ratio is

(A). 39.8

(B). 7.06

(C). 2.13

(D). 3.44

20. A bed of spherical particles (specific gravity is 2.65) of uniform size

1500 microns is 0.5 m in diameter and 0.5 m high. In the packed bed

state, the porosity may be taken as 0.4. Ergun’s equation for the above

particle fluid system (in SI units) is given below:

∆𝑷 (SI units)

= 𝟑𝟕𝟓 𝒙 𝟏𝟎𝟑 𝑽𝑶𝑴 + 𝟏𝟎.𝟗𝟒 𝒙 𝟏𝟎𝟔 𝑽𝑶𝑴𝟐

𝑳

velocity, VOM in mm/s is

(A). 12

(B). 16

(C). 24

(D). 28

21. In the Tyler standard screen scale series, when the Mesh

number increases from 3 mesh to 10 mesh

(B). the clear opening increases

(C). the clear opening is unchanged

(D). the wire diameter increases

22. The average pore diameter and surface area of polyacrylic

ester for purification of pulping wastewaters and antibiotics

recovery are

(B). 10-25 and 0.15-0.4

(C). 2-4 and 0.9-1.2

(D). 4-20 and 0.3-0.7

23. The solubility of strontium acetate in water at 0°C is

_____parts per 100 parts water.

(A). 53.5

(B). 33

(C). 25.4

(D). 36.9

24. The terminal settling velocity in water at 70°F of a particle

with a specific gravity of 5.0 and diameter of 100 microns is ____

ft/s

(A). 0.135

(B). 0.014

(C). 0.081

(D). 0.028

25. The viscosity of ethyl benzene is ____cp at 60°C

(A). 0.24

(B). 0.56

(C). 0.14

(D). 0.44

26. A suspension of glass beads in ethylene glycol has a hindered

settling velocity of 1.8 mm/s while the terminal settling velocity in

a single glass bead in ethylene glycol is 18 mm/s. If the

Richardson and Zaki hindered settling index is 6.5, the void

fraction of solids in the suspension is

(A). 0.702

(B). 0.66

(C). 0.61

(D). 0.902

27. The composition of feed and underflow (percent solids) in the

design of a typical thickener for the sugar beet carbonation process

are

(A). 2 - 5 and 15 - 20

(B). 0.01 - 0.05 and 2 - 8

(C). 10 - 30 and 25 - 65

(D). 1 - 5 and 6 - 25

28. The terminal velocity of spherical air bubbles with an average

diameter of 4 mm rising in contaminated water is _____cm/s

(A). 22

(B). 5.0

(C). 41

(D). 17

29. A certain circular plate of diameter, D and thickness, t has a

sphericity of 0.594. The ratio of t to D is

(A). 0.433

(B). 0.166

(C). 0.733

(D). 0.666

30. The surface area and sorptive capacity of silica gel adsorbent are

between ______km2/kg dry solid and between ______ kg/kg dry solid

respectively

(B). 0.15 to 0.25 and 0.08 to 0.18

(C). 0.6 to 0.8 and 0.35 to 0.5

(D). 0.82 to 0.95 and 0.55 to 0.7

31. One hundred tons per hour of a rock feed, of which 80% passed

through a mesh size of 2.54 mm, were reduced in size such that 80%

of the crushed product passed through a mesh size of 1.27 mm. The

power consumption was 100 kW. If 100 ton/h of the same material is

similarly crushed from a mesh size of 5.08 mm to a mesh size of 2.54

mm, the power consumption in kW using Bond’s law is

(A). 58 kW

(B). 65 kW

(C). 89 kW

(D). 71 kW

32. Urea is to be crystallized from an aqueous solution that is 90%

saturated at 100°C. If 90% of the urea is to be crystallized in the

anhydrous form and the final solution temperature is to be 30°C, the

fraction of the water that must be evaporated on the basis of 1000 kg

of feed is

Solubility of urea in water at: 100°C is 730 g per 100 g water and

at 30°C is 135 g per 100 g water

(A). 0.215

(B). 0.512

(C). 0.676

(D). 0.812

33. A 10,000 lb batch of a 32.5% MgSO4 solution at 120°F is cooled

without appreciable evaporation to 70°F. At 70°F the concentration

of solids is 26.3 lb MgSO4 per 100 lb solution. Assuming that the

mother liquor leaving is saturated, the mass of MgSO47H2O crystals

that will be formed is

(A). 4174 lb

(B). 6655 lb

(C). 2756 lb

(D). 3345 lb

34. The distribution coefficient of solute A between solvents B

and S is given by Y = 3X where Y and X are the mass ratios of A to

solvents in extract and raffinate phase respectively. B and S are

mutually insoluble with each other. One hundred kg of a 30%

solution of A in B is to be successively treated in two batch

contacts with 60 kg of solvent each time. The overall percent

recovery of A is

(A). 89.9%

(B). 92.16%

(C). 96.5%

(D). 78.9%

35. A dispersion of oil in water is to be separated using a

centrifuge. Assume that the oil is dispersed in the form of

spherical globules 5.1 x 10-5 m diameter and that its density is

894 kg m-3. If the centrifuge rotates at 1500 rev/min and the

effective radius at which the separation occurs is 3.8 cm,

calculate the velocity of the oil through the water. Take the

density of water to be 1000 kg m-3 and its viscosity to be 0.7 x

10-3 N s m-2.

(B). 0.0205 m/s

(C). 0.0502 m/s

(D). 0.215 m/s

36. A 35 weight % Na2SO4 solution in water initially at 50°C, is fed to

a crystallizer at 20°C. The product stream contains hydrated crystals

Na2SO410H2O in equilibrium with a 20 weight % Na2SO4 solution.

The molecular weights of Na2SO4 and Na2SO410H2O are 142 and 322

respectively. The feed rate of 35% solution required to produce 500

kg/h of hydrated crystals is

(B). 603 kg/h

(C). 803 kg/h

(D). 1103 kg/h

1. The figure below shows a tubular-bowl centrifuge for separating two liquid phases. The distances shown are as follows: r1 is the

radius to surface of light liquid layer, r2 is the radius to liquid-liquid interface, and r4 is the radius to surface of heavy liquid downstream.

A cream separator centrifuge has an outlet discharge radius of

50.8 mm and outlet radius of 76.2 mm. The density of skim milk is

1032 kg/m3 and that of cream is 865 kg/m3. The radius of the

interface neutral zone is

(A). 51 mm

(B). 205 mm

(C). 180 mm

(D). 150 mm

38. A mixture of particles in packed bed contains the following

volume percent of particles and sizes: 15%, 10 mm; 25%, 20 mm;

40%, 40 mm and 20%, 70 mm. The effective mean diameter, Dpm

if the shape factor is 0.74 is

(A). 23.43 mm

(B). 16.81 mm

(C). 12.38 mm

(D). 18.34 mm

1. An aqueous solution of acetic acid is to be extracted with isopropyl ether. The solution contains 24.6 kg of acetic acid and 80 kg of

H2O. Water and isopropyl ether may be considered as completely immiscible under these conditions. At the temperature of the

extraction, the fol owing equilibrium data apply:

kg acetic acid/kg isopropyl ether 0.03 0.046 0.063 0.07 0.078 0.086

kg acetic acid/kg H2O 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.22 0.28 0.26

If 100 kg of isopropyl ether is added to the solution, the weight of acetic acid that wil be extracted by isopropyl ether if equilibrium

conditions are attained is

(A). 18 kg (C). 24.6 kg

(B). 15 kg (D). 7 kg

40. Air at 101.3 kPa absolute at 25oC is flowing at a velocity of 10

m/s in a wind tunnel. A long cylinder having a diameter of 90 mm is

placed in the tunnel and the axis of the cylinder is held perpendicular

to air flow. For air at 25oC and 101.3 kPa: ρ = 1.187 kg/m3 and µ =

1.845 x 10-5 kg/m-s. The force on the cylinder per meter length is

(A). 6.94 N

(B). 4.69 N

(C). 9.46 N

(D). 5.49 N

41. A crusher is fed with limestone having particles of 2.0 cm

median equivalent diameter and discharges a product consisting of

0.5 cm median equivalent diameter. The equipment operates at a

capacity of 1.2 x 104 kg/h consuming a power of 10 Hp. If the

requirements of the process demand a finer size of product (0.4 cm

of median equivalent diameter) decreasing the capacity to 1.0 x

104 kg/h, the theoretical consumption under the new conditions

using Kick’s law is

(A). 0.746 kW

(B). 8.2 kW

(C). 7.2 kW

(D). 5.8 kW

42. Particles of sphalerite (specific gravity = 4.0) are settling under

the force of gravity in carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) at 20°C (specific

gravity = 1.594 and viscosity = 1.03 cp). The diameter of the

sphalerite particles is 0.1 mm. The volume fraction of sphalerite in

CCl4 is 0.2. The hindered settling velocity of the sphalerite is

(A). 7 cm/s

(B). 4 cm/s

(C). 8 cm/s

(D). 2 cm/s

43. For a solid spherical particle of 0.8 mm in diameter and a density

of 2,600 kg/m3 that is immersed in a fluid of density 1,200 kg/m3

and a viscosity of 1.0 cp, the terminal velocity is

(B). 0.0975m/s

(C). 9.75 m/s

(D). 0.00839 m/s

44. A concentrate from an evaporator system is 5,870 kg/h of 35

wt. % MgSO4 at 83°C and 173 kPa. It is mixed with 10,500 kg/h of

saturated aqueous recycle filtrate of MgSO4 at 27°C and 173 kPa.

The mixture is sent to a vacuum crystallizer operating at 30°C and

4 kPa, to produce steam and magma of 25 wt.% crystals and 75

wt.% saturated solution of 28 wt.% MgSO4. The MgSO4 is

crystallized as heptahydrate. At 83°C, the solubility of MgSO4 is 39

wt.% and at 27°C, the solubility of MgSO4 in water is 27.5 wt. %.

The water evaporated is

(B). 11,30 kg/h

(C). 3,720 kg/h

(D). 11,160 kg/h

45. A tube of 0.05 m2 cross sectional area is packed with spherical particles

to a height of 0.25 m. The porosity of the bed is 0.35. It is desired to

fluidize the particles with water (ρ = 1000 kg/m3, µ = 10-3 Pa-s). The

minimum velocity of fluidization is given by the Ergun’s equation:

∆P 𝑫𝒑 𝝐𝟑 𝟏𝟓𝟎 𝝁 (𝟏 − 𝝐)

𝟐

= + 𝟏.𝟕𝟓

𝑳 𝝆𝒇 𝒗 𝟏 − 𝝐 𝑫𝒑 𝝆𝒇 𝒗

Data: Diameter of particles = 0.01 m

Density of solid particles = 2600 kg/m3

The minimum velocity of fluidization in m/s is

(A). 0.059

(B). 0.035

(C). 0.56

(D). 0.0035

1. The distance between two parallel tangents of the particle at an

arbitrary angle and is determined from the projected area of the

particles by using a slide gauge is

(A). Martin diameter

(B). Aspect ratio

(C). Convexity

(D). Feret’s diameter

Page 21-10

Feret’s diameter is determined from the projected area of the particles by using a

slide gauge. In general it is defined as the distance between two parallel tangents of

the particle at an arbitrary angle. In practice, the minimum xF,min and maximum

Feret diameters xF,max, the mean Feret diameter x ⎯ F, and the Feret diameters

obtained at 90° to the direction of the minimum and maximum Feret diameters

xF,max90 are used. The minimum Feret diameter is often used as the diameter

equivalent to a sieve analysis.

Martin’s diameter or the edges of an enclosing rectangle. Martin’s diameter is a line,

parallel to a fixed direction, which divides the particle profile into two equal areas.

Sphericity ψS (0 < ψS ≤1)is defined by the ratio of the perimeter of a circle with

diameter xEQPC to the perimeter of the corresponding projection area A. And ψS = 1

represents a sphere.

Aspect ratio ψA (0 < ψA ≤1) is defined by the ratio of the minimum to the maximum

Feret diameter ψA = xFeret min/xFeret max. It gives an indication of the elongation

of the particle. Some literature also used 1/ψA as the definition of sphericity.

Convexity ψC (0 < ψC ≤1) is defined by the ratio of the projection area A to the

convex hull area A + B of the particle.

2. Consider a 200 kg/h feed stream containing 20 wt.% acetic

acid in water that is to be extracted with 400 kg/h of recycle MIBK

that contains 0.2 wt.% acetic acid and 0.02 wt.% water. The

aqueous raffinate is to be extracted down to 2 wt.% acetic acid.

Using Kremser-Souders-Brown (KSB) equation, the number of

theoretical stages that will be required assuming that m’ = 0.656

and E = 1.85 is

(A). 6

(B). 5

(C). 4

(D). 3

Problems 3 and 4 are based on the following information:

One hundred kg of a solid containing 40% solute A and 60% inert B is treated with

solvent C in a single stage single contact extraction. The extracted solids are then screw

pressed. The pressed solids contain 1.2 kg solution per kg of inert. Entrainment of solids

in the extract may be neglected.

3. The mass fraction of the solute in the extract if 90% of the solute in the feed is to

be recovered in a single stage single contact is

(A). 0.556

(B). 0.0556

(C). 0.665

(D). 0.665

4. The percent recovery of the solute if the extraction is carried out in two

crosscurrent stages if 50% of the solvent amount in problem number 3 is used in each

stage is

(A). 90%

(B). 15.7%

(C). 81.1%

(D). 96.7%

Problems 5 to 8 are based on the following conditions:

To clean a sand bed filter, it is fluidized at minimum conditions using water at 24oC. The

density and viscosity for water at 24°C are 997.31 kg/m3 and 0.9142 x 10-3 Pa-s respectively. The

round sand particles have a density of 2550 kg/m3 and an average diameter of 0.4 mm. For round

sand, at minimum fluidizing conditions are as follows: void fraction, ɛmf = 0.42 and shape factor,

ɸS = 0.86.

5. The diameter of the bed is 0.4 m and the desired height of the bed at these minimum

fluidizing conditions is 1.75 m. The amount of solids needed is

(A). 235.52 kg

(B). 352.33 kg

(C). 523.35 kg

(D). 325.25 kg

6. The pressure drop at these conditions is

(A). 14.5 kPa

(B). 13.4 kPa

(C). 15.46 kPa

(D). 17.3 kPa

7. The minimum velocity for fluidization is

(A). 6.75 m/h

(B). 7.65 m/h

(C). 5.76 m/h

(D). 7.57 m/h

8. Using 4 times the minimum velocity, the porosity of the expanded bed is

(A). 0.334

(B). 0.421

(C). 0.593

(D). 0.683

1. A finely ground mixture of galena and limestone in the proportion of 1 to 4 by weight is subjected to elutriation by an upward

current of water flowing at 5 mm/s. Assuming that the size distribution for each material is the same as shown by the table below:

Percentage by weight of undersize 15 28 48 54 64 72 78 88

Take the absolute viscosity of water as 1 mN-s/m2, specific gravity of galena = 7.5, specific gravity of limestone = 2.7 and use

Stokes ’equation. On the basis of 100 kg of feed, the percentages of galena in the material carried away and in the material left

behind are

(A). 87.28% & 64.59%

(B). 12.72% & 35.41%

(C). 12.72% & 87.28%

(D). 35.41% & 65.59%

10. A tower having a diameter of 0.1524 m is being fluidized with

water at 20.2°C. Water at 20.2°C has a density = 997.5 kg/m3 and

viscosity = 1 x 10-3 Pa-s. The uniform spherical beads in the tower

bed have a diameter of 4.42 mm and a density of 1603 kg/m3. The

minimum fluidizing velocity is

(A). 0.52 m/s

(B). 0.026 m/s

(C). 0.312 m/s

(D). 0.082 m/s

Problems 20 to 22 are based on the following information:

The distribution equilibrium for A between an extract solvent S and a raffinate

solvent B is given by Y = 2X where Y = mass of A per unit mass of S, X = mass of A per

unit mass of B. The extract and raffinate solvents are immiscible with each other at all

concentrations of A. From these data, calculate the amount of extract solvent needed per

100 kg solution containing 30% A in B if 95% of A is to be removed for each of the following

arrangements:

20. Single stage contact

(A). 665 kg

(B). 565 kg

(C). 180 kg

(D). 70 kg

21. Three stage batch contact, one third of the solvent will be used in each contact

(A). 60 kg

(B). 665 kg

(C). 210 kg

(D). 180 kg

22. Three stage countercurrent operation

(A). 70 kg

(B). 79 kg

(C). 280 kg

(D). 250 kg

Problems 25 to 27 are based on the following information:

A viscous solution containing particles with a density of 1461 kg/m3 is to be

clarified by centrifugation. The solution density is 801 kg/m3 and its viscosity is 100

cp. The centrifuge has bowl with r2 = 0.02225 m,r1 = 0.00716 m and bowl height of

0.197 m. The centrifuge rotates at 23,000 rev/min and the flow rate is0.002832

m3/h.

25. The critical particle diameter of the largest particle in the exit stream is

(A). 0.747 μm

(B). 0.537 μm

(C). 0.868 μm

(D). 0.477 μm

26. The physical characteristic of the centrifuge (area of the gravitational settler), Σ

is

(A). 169.1 m2

(B). 196.1 m2

(C). 296.1 m2

(D). 259.1 m2

27. A new centrifuge having the following dimensions is to be used: r2 = 0.0445 m,

r1 = 0.01432 m, b = 0.394 m and N = 26,000 rev/min.

The new scale up flow rate using the same solution is

(A). 5.08 x 10-4 m3/s

(B). 8.77 x 10-5 m3/s

(C). 8.05 x 10-3 m3/s

(D). 8.05 x 10-6 m3/s

33. The feed to a cooling crystallizer is 1000lb/h at 120°F. The

solution is cooled to 70°F. It has a 3 ft2 of cooling surface per

foot of running length of crystallizer. The required rate of heat

transfer is 44,900 Btu/h. Cooling will be provided by a

countercurrent flow of chilled water entering the cooling jacket

at 60°F and leaving at 85°F. The overall heat transfer

coefficient, U, is expected to be 20 Btu/h-ft2°F. The length of

the crystallizer is

(A). 73 ft

(B). 37 ft

(C). 28 ft

(D). 23 ft

34. A crushing mill reduces limestone from a mean particle size of 45 mm to a

product:

Size (mm) Percent

12.5 0.5

7.5 7.5

5.0 45.0

2.5 19.0

1.5 16.0

0.75 8.0

0.4 3.0

0.2 1.0

and in doing so requires 21 kJ/kg of material crushed. The power required to

crush the same material at the same rate from a feed having a mean size of 25

mm to a product with a mean size of 1.0 mm assuming Kick’s law applies is

(A). 56 kJ/kg

(B). 39 kJ/kg

(C). 12 kJ/kg

(D) 28 kJ/kg

37. A treated ore containing inert solid gangue and copper

sulfate is to be leached in a counter current multistage

extractor using pure water to leach the CuSO4. The solid

charge rate per hour consists of 10,000 kg of inert gangue,

1200 kg of CuSO4, and 400 kg of H2O. The exit wash solution is

to contain 92 wt % water and 8 wt % CuSO4. A total of 95 % of

the CuSO4 in the inlet ore is to be recovered. The number of

stages required if underflow is constant at 0.5 kg inert gangue

solid per kg aqueous solution is

(A). 6

(B). 5

(C). 12

(D). 9

38. Two hundred cubic centimeters of an acetone-water

mixture that contains 10 wt% acetone are mixed with 400 cm3 of

chloroform at 25°C, and the phases are allowed to settle. What

percentage of the acetone is transferred from the water to the

chloroform?

(A). 86%

(B). 92%

(C). 74%

(D). 80%