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# Mean, Median, Mode Ungrouped Data

Stephen has been working on programming and updating a Web site for his company
for the past 15 months. The following numbers represent the number of hours Stephen
has worked on this Web site for each of the past 7 months:

## 24, 25, 31, 50, 53, 66, 78

What is the mean (average) number of hours that Stephen worked on this Web site each
month?

24 + 25 + 33 + 50 + 53 + 66 + 78 = 329

Grouped Data

2) The following data represent the difference in scores between the winning and
losing teams in a sample of 15 college footba

## ll bowl games from 2004-2005.

Point Difference Number of Bowl Games
1-5 8
6 - 10 0
11 - 15 2
16 - 20 3
21 - 25 1
26 - 30 0
31 - 35 1

Chi Square

Problem

A public opinion poll surveyed a simple random sample of 1000 voters. Respondents were classified by
gender (male or female) and by voting preference (Republican, Democrat, or Independent). Results are
shown in the contingency table below.

## Voting Preferences Row total

Republican Democrat Independent

## Column total 450 450 100 1000

State the hypotheses. H0: Gender and voting preferences are independent.
Ha: Gender and voting preferences are not independent.
Pearson

## Person Age (x) Score (y) (xy) (x^2) (y^2)

1 20 30 600 400 900
2 24 20 480 576 400
3 17 27 459 289 729
Total 61 77 1539 1265 2029

X Y Rx Ry d d2

13 17 4 16

20 19 1 1

22 23 1 1

18 16 2 4

18 20 1 1

11 10 1 1

10 11 1 1

15 18 3 9

rs=1−6Σd2
n(n2−1)

=1−6∗34
8∗63
=1−204 = 0.5952
504
I. Problem
Is there a significant relationship between Width(cm) and
Depth(cm)?

II. Hypothesis
Null hypothesis: There is no significant relationship between
Width (cm) and Depth (cm).

## Hypothesis : There is a significant relationship between

Width(cm) and Depth (cm).

## III. Level of Significant

R = 1-6ED2/n (n2-1)
= 6(4)/10(102-1)
=24/990
= 1-0.02
= 0.98
Df = 0.648
IV. Statistics
X Y Rx Ry d d2

0 0 10 10 0 0

50 10 9 9 0 0

150 28 8 8 0 0

200 42 7 7 0 0

250 59 6 5 1 1

300 51 5 6 -1 1

350 73 4 4 0 0

400 85 3 3 0 0

450 104 2 1 1 1

500 96 1 2 -1 1

D2 total = 4
N = 10

V. Conclusion
Since the computed value = 0.98 is greater then to the Tabular value = 0.648 at
0.05 level of significant with 10 degrees of freedom, The null hypothesis is
rejected.
This means that there is a significant relationship between Width and Depth.
T test dependent
A psychologist is interested in his new learning program. 15 Subjects learn a list of 50 words.
Learning performance is measured using a recall test. After the first test all subjects are
instructed how to use the learning program and then learn a second list of 50 words. Learning
performance is again measured with the recall test. In the following table the number of correct
remembered words are listed for both tests.

Subject X1 X2 D2 D(X2-X1)
-2
1 24 26 0.36

2 17 24 -7 19.36

3 32 31 1 12.96

4 14 17 -3 0.16
-1
5 16 17 2.56
3
6 22 25 0.16
1
7 26 25 12.96

8 19 24 -5 5.76

9 19 22 -3 0.16

-1
10 22 23 2.56

11 21 26 -5 5.76

12 25 28 -3 0.16

13 16 19 -3 0.16

14 24 23 1 12.96

15 18 22 -4 1.96

-37
Total: 78

n=15
I. Problem
Is there a significant difference between the amount of time spent looking for
predators by seals at the beginning of a haul-out compared to the end of a
haul-out?

II. Hypothesis
H1 - there is a significant difference between the amount of time spent
looking for predators by seals at the beginning of a haul-out compared to the
end of a haul-out

## H0 - there is no significant difference between the amount of time spent

looking for predators by seals at the beginning of a haul-out compared to the
end of a haul-out

## III. Level of Significant

R = 1-6ED2/n (n2-1)
IV. Statistics
Seal # Scan - B Scan - E
D1-D2

1 110 45 65 1972.870
44.417

2 67 59 8 -12.583 158.332
3 115 44 71 50.417 158.332
4 90 67 23 2.417 5.842
5 45 21 24 3.417 11.676
6 23 29 -6 -26.583 706.656
7 76 62 14 -6.583 43.336

8 88 79 9 -11.583 134.166

9 49 39 10 -10.583 112.000

10 67 60 7 -13.583 184.498

11 56 49 7 -13.583 184.498

12 86 71 15 -5.583 31.170