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PHY./INO.

CHEMISTRY

TARGET : JEE (Main + Advanced) 2016

Course : VIJETA (JP) NO. 30 & 31

This DPP is to be discussed in the week (03.08.2015 to 08.08.2015)


DPP No. # 30 (JEE-MAIN)
Total Marks : 63 Max. Time : 42 min.
Single choice Objective ('–1' negative marking) Q.1 to Q.21 (3 marks, 2 min.) [63, 42]

1. The non-stoichiometric compound Fe0.94O is formed when x% of Fe2+ ions are replaced by Fe3+ ions, then x
is:
tc Fe2+ vk;uksa dk x% , Fe3+ vk;uksa ls izfrLFkkfir gksrk gS] rc vjllehdj.kfefr; ;kSfxd Fe0.94O curk gSA x gS %
(A*) 18 (B) 15 (C) 12 (D) 6
2x
Sol. According to charge balance, number of Fe3+ ions replacing x Fe+2 ions is equal to
3

2x x
 Vacancies of cations = x – =
3 3

x
But = 1 – 0.94 = 0.06
3
or x = 0.06  3 = 0.18 or 18%.
2x
Sol. vkos'k larqyu ds vuqlkj x Fe+2 vk;uksa dks izfrLFkkfir djus okys Fe3+ vk;uksa dh la[;k ds cjkcj gSA
3

2x x
 /kuk;uksa dh fjfDr;k¡ = x – =
3 3

x
ysfdu = 1 – 0.94 = 0.06
3
;k x = 0.06  3 = 0.18 ;k 18%.

2. A 20 g non volatile solute X (Molecular weight = 50 g/mol) trimerises, when dissolved in 1 kg benzene, If
degree of trimerisation is 1/4, find abnormal molar mass of X ?
,d 20 g vok"i'khy foys; X (v.kqHkkj = 50 g/mol) dk f=kydhdj.k fd;k tkrk gS] tc bls 1 kg csUthu esa ?kksyk tkrk gSA
;fn f=kydhdj.k dh dksfV1/4 gS] rks X dk vlkekU; eksyj nzO;eku D;k gS ?
(A) 200 (B) 150 (C) 120 (D*) 60

3. What is van't Hoff factor if benzoic acid forms dimer to the extent of 50% in benzene
;fn csUtksbZd vEy] csUthu esa 50% lhek rd foyhd`r gksrk gS rks okWUV gkWWQ xq.kkad D;k gksxkA
(A) 1 (B) 0.8 (C) 0.65 (D*) 0.75
Sol. 2C6H5COOH (C6H5COOH)2
C6H5COOH 1/2(C6H5COOH)2
y = 1/2
Dimer formation is due to intermolecular H-bonding.

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x 0 .5
i = [1 + (y-1) x] - 1 – =1– = 0.75
2 2

4. The correct name of [Pt(NH3)4Cl2][PtCl4] is :


(A) tetraamminedichloridoplatinum(II) tetrachloridoplatinate (IV).
(B) dichloridotetraammineplantinum(IV) tetrachloridoplatinate(II).
(C*) tetraamminedichloridoplatinum(IV) tetrachloridoplatinate(II).
(D) tetrachloridoplantinum(II) dichloridotetraammineplatinate(IV).
[Pt(NH3)4Cl2][PtCl4] dk lgh uke gS :
(A) VSVªk,EehuMkbDyksjkbMksIysfVue(II) VSVªkDyksjkbMksIysfVusV(IV)A
(B) MkbDyksjkbMksVSVªk,EehuIySfVue(IV) VSVªkDyksjkbMksIysfVusV(II)A
(C*) VSVªk,EehuMkbDyksjkbMksIysfVue(IV) VSVªkDyksjkbMksIysfVusV(II)A
(D) VSVªDyksjkbMksIysfVue(II) MkbDyksjkbMksVSVªk,EehuIySfVusV(IV)A
Sol: According to IUPAC nomenclature [Pt(NH 3) 4 Cl 2 ][PtCl 4] is tetraamminedichloridoplatinum(IV)
tetrachloridoplatinate(II). Where oxidation number of Pt are (IV) and (II) respectively
IUPAC ukedj.k ds vuqlkj [Pt(NH3)4Cl2][PtCl4] VSVªk,EehuMkbDyksjkbMksIysfVue(IV) VSVªkDyksjkbMksIysfVusV(II) gS] tgka Pt
ds fy, vkWDlhdj.k la[;k Øe'k% (IV) o (II) gSA
5. Which of the following statements is correct?
(A*) Geometrical isomerism is not observed in complexes of coordination number 4 having tetrahedral geometry
(B) Square planar complexes generally do not show geometrical isomerism
(C) The square planar complex of general formulae Ma3b or Mab3 exhibits cis–trans isomerism
(D) The platinum glycinato complex, [Pt(gly)2] does not show geometrical isomerism
fuEu esa ls dkSulk dFku lgh gS \
(A*) 4 leUo; la[;k okys prq"Qydh; T;kferh ;qDr ladqyksa esa T;kferh; leko;ork ugha ik;h tkrh gSaA
(B) oxZ leryh; ladqy lkekU;r% T;kferh; leko;ork iznf'kZr ugha djrs gaSA
(C) lkekU; lw=k Ma3b ;k Mab3 okys oxZ leryh; ladqy lei{k&foi{k leko;ork n'kkZrs gaSA
(D) IySfVue XykblhusVks ladqy] [Pt(gly)2] T;kferh; leko;ork ugha n'kkZrk gSA
Sol. (A) The tetrahedral compounds can not show geometrical isomerism as we all know that all four positions
are equivalent in tetrahedral geometry.
(B) In a square planar complex of formula [Ma2b2] [a and b are unidentate], the two ligands ‘a’ may be
arranged adjacent to each other in a cis isomer, or opposite to each other in a trans isomer.
(C) Ma3b and Mab3 have only one form.

(D)

gy (A) prq"Qydh; ;kSfxd T;kferh; leko;ork ugha n'kkZ ldrs gSa tSlk fd ge tkurs gS fd prq"Qydh; T;kferh eas pkjkas
fLFkfr;k¡ lerqY; gksrh gSA
(B) lw=k [Ma2b2] [a o b ,dnUrqd fyxsUM gSa] okys oxZ leryh; ladqy ds lei{k leko;oh esa nks fyxsUM ‘a’ ,d nwljs ds
fudV fLFkr gks ldrs gS ;k foi{k leko;oh esa ,d nwljs ds foijhr fLFkr gks ldrs gSaA
(C) Ma3b o Mab3 dsoy ,d :i j[krs gaSA

(D)

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6. In electrolysis of NaCl, when platinum electrode is taken then H 2 is liberated at the cathode while with
mercury cathode it forms sodium amalgam. This is because
(A) Hg is more inert than Pt
(B*) More voltage is required to reduce H+ at Hg than at Pt
(C) Na is dissolved in Hg while it does not dissolve in Pt
(D) Conc. of H+ ions is larger when Pt electrode is taken
NaCl ds oS|qr vi?kV~u esa tc IysfVue bysDVªkWM dks fy;k tkrk gS rks dSFkksM ij H2 eqDr gksrh gS tcfd edZjh dSFkksM ds
lkFk ;g lksfM;e veyxe cukrk gSA ;g gksrk 7 gS D;kasfd
(A) Hg , Pt dh vis{kk vf/kd vfØ; gksrh gSA
(B*) Hg ij H+ dks vipf;r djus ds fy, Pt dh vis{kk vf/kd oksYVst dh vko';drk gksrh gSA
(C) Hg esa Na ?kqy tkrk gS ysfdu Pt eas ugha ?kqyrk gSA
(D) H+ vk;u dh lkUnzrk vf/kd gksrh gS tc Pt bysDVªkWM fy;k tkrk gSA
7. The weight ratio of AI and Ag deposited using the same quantity of current is:
leku /kkjk dh ek=kk dks izokfgr djrs gq, fu{ksfir AI o Ag dk Hkkj vuqikr fuEu gS&
(A*) 9 : 108 (B) 2 : 12 (C) 108 : 9 (D) 3 : 8
Sol. Eq. of AI = Eq. of Ag

W AI WAg W Al 9
 = or WAg = 108
9 108
gy AI dk rqY;kad = H2 dk rqY;kad
W AI WAg W Al 9
 = ;k WAg = 108
9 108

8. The minimum voltage required to electroyse alumina in the Hall-Heroult process is :


(Given, G0f (Al2O3) = – 1520 kJmol–1 ; G0f (CO2) = – 394 kJmol–1)

{In Hall-Heroult process, the following reactions occur 3C + 2Al2O3  4Al + 3CO2 }
(A) 1.575 V (B*) 1.60 V (C) 1.312 V (D) – 2.62 V
gkWy&gSjkWYV çØe esa ,Y;qfeuk dk oS|qrvi?kV~u djus ds fy, U;wure oksYVst fuEu vko';d gS %
(fn;k x;k gS % G0f (Al2O3) = – 1520 kJmol–1 ; G0f (CO2) = – 394 kJmol–1)
gkWy&gSjkWYV çØe dh vfHkfØ;k 3C + 2Al2O3  4Al + 3CO2
(A) 1.575 V (B*) 1.60 V (C) 1.312 V (D) – 2.62 V
Sol. 4Al3+ + 12e–  4 Al
 Gº = 3Gfº(CO2) – 2 Gfº(Al2O3)
= 3( – 394) –2 (–1520)
= 1858 kJ
º
Gº = nFEcell

º
1858  1000
– Ecell = = 1.60 V
12  96500
9. Kohlrausch's law states that at :
(A) Finite dilution, each ion makes definite contribution to equivalent conductance of an electrolyte, whatever
be the nature of the other ion of the electrolyte.
(B) Infinite dilution, each ion makes definite contribution to equivalent conductance of an electrolyte depending
on the nature of the other ion of the electrolyte.
(C) Infinite dilution, each ion makes definite contribution to conductance of an electrolyte, wheatever be the
nature of the other ion of the electrolyte.
(D*) Infinite dilution, each ion makes definite contribution to equivalent conductance of an electrolyte, whatever
be the nature of the other ion of the electrolyte.

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dkWyjkml fu;e crkrk gS fd %
(A) fuf'pr ruqrk ij oS|qr vi?kV~; ds nwljs vk;uksa dh çd`fr pkgsa dqN Hkh gksa ,d oS|qr vi?kV~; dh rqY;kad pkydrk
ij çR;sd vk;u ,d fuf'pr ;ksxnku çnku djrk gSA
(B) vuUr ruqrk ij oS|qr vi?kV~; ds nwljs vk;uksa dh çd`fr ds vk/kkj ij ,d oS|qr vi?kV~; dh rqY;kad pkydrk ij çR;sd
vk;u ,d fuf'pr ;ksxnku çnku djrk gSA
(C) vuUr ruqrk ij oS|qr vi?kV~; ds nwljs vk;uksa dh çd`fr pkgsa dqN Hkh gksa ,d oS|qr vi?kV~; dh pkydrk ij çR;sd
vk;u ,d fuf'pr ;ksxnku çnku djrk gSA
(D*) vuUr ruqrk ij oS|qr vi?kV~; ds nwljs vk;uksa dh çd`fr pkgsa dqN Hkh gksa ,d oS|qr vi?kV~; dh rqY;kad pkydrk ij
çR;sd vk;u ,d fuf'pr ;ksxnku çnku djrk gSA

M
10. The equivalent conductance of solution of a weak monobasic acid is 8.0 mho cm2 and at infinite dilution
32
is 400 mho cm2. The dissociation constant of this acid is :
M
,d nqcZy {kkj vEy ds 32 foy;u ds fy, rqY;kad pkydrk 8.0 mho cm2 gS rFkk vuUr pkydrk 400 mho cm2 gSA
bl vEy dk fo;kstu fu;rkad fuEu gS %
(A*) 1.25 × 10–5 (B) 1.25 × 10–6 (C) 2.4 × 105 g (D) 1.3 × 10 –4 g

11. Which of the following expressions correctly represents the equivalent conductance at infinite dilution of
Al2(SO4)3. Given that  Al3+ and  SO 2  are the equivalent conductances at infinite dilution of the respective
4

ions ?
Al2(SO4)3 dh vuUr ruqrk ij rqY;kad pkydrk dks iznf'kZr djus okyk lgh O;atd fuEu esa ls dkSulk gS %
fn;k x;k gS fd %  Al3+ rFkk  SO 2  vuUr ruqrk ij lEcfU/kr vk;u dh rqY;kad pkydrk gSA
4

(A) 2  Al3+ +3  SO 2  (B*)  Al3+ +  SO 2


4 4

1  1
(C) (  Al3+ + 3  )×6 (D)  +  SO 2 
SO 24  3 Al3+ 2 4

Sol. At infinite dilution, when dissociation is complete, each ion makes a definite contribution towards molar
conductance of the electrolyte irrespective of the nature of the other ion with which it is associated.
Hence   
 Al2(SO4)3 =  Al3+ +  SO 2 
4

Sol. vuUr ruqrk ij tc fo;kstu iw.kZ gksrk gS] rks blds fo;kstu ds lkFk nwljs vk;u dh izd`fr ds lkis{k izR ;sd vk;u oS|qr
vi?kV~; dh eksyj pkydrk ls lEcfU/kr fuf'pr ;ksxnku nsrk gSA
bl izdkj  Al2(SO4)3 =  Al3+ +  SO 2
4

12. An increase in equivalent conductance of a strong electrolyte with dilution is mainly due to :
(A*) increase in ionic mobility of ions.
(B) 100% ionisation of electrolyte at normal dilution.
(C) increase in both i.e. number of ions and ionic mobility of ions.
(D) increase in number of ions.
izcy oS|qr vi?kV~; dh rqY;kad pkydrk ruqrk ds lkFk eq[; :i ls fdl dkj.k ls c<+rh gS %
(A*) vk;uksa dh vk;fud xfr'khyrk esa o`f)
(B) lkekU; ruqrk ij oS|qr vi?kV~; dk 100% vk;uu
(C) vk;uksa dh la[;k rFkk vk;uksa dh vk;fud xfr'khyrk nksuksa esa o`f)
(D) vk;uksa dh la[;k esa o`f)

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  1000
Sol. eq =  × V = normality

On dilution, the number of current carrying particles per cm 3 decreases but the volume of solution increases.
Consequently, the ionic mobility increases, which in turn increases the equivalent conductance of strong
electrolyte.
  1000
Sol. eq =  × V =

ruqrk ij vkos'k okgd d.kksa dh la[;k izfr cm3 esa de gksrh gS ijUrq foy;u dk vk;ru c<+rk gSA bl izdkj vk;fud
xfr'khyrk c<+rh gS] ftlls izcy oS|qr vi?kV~; dh rqY;kad pkydrk c<+rh gSA
13. Resistance of 0.1 M KCl solution in a conductance cell is 300 ohm and conductivity is 0.013 Scm –1. The
value of cell constant is :
(A*) 3.9 cm–1 (B) 39 m–1 (C) 3.9 m –1 (D) None of these
pkydh; lsy esa 0.1 M KCl foy;u dk izfrjks/k 300 ohm rFkk pkydrk 0.013 Scm–1 gSA lSy &fu;rkad dk eku gS&
(A*) 3.9 cm–1 (B) 39 m–1 (C) 3.9 m –1 (D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha
1 1
Sol. Conductance (G) = 
R 300


  = GA
 

 0.013
Cell constant  A  = × 300 = 3.9 cm –1
  1

1 1 
gy pkydrk (G) =    = GA
R 300  

 0.013
lSy&fu;rkad   = × 300 = 3.9 cm –1
A 1

14. Which process involves corrosion ?


(A) Brown deposits on iron articles (B) Green deposits on battary terminals
(C) Black deposits on silver coin (D*) All of the above
fuEu esa ls dkSulk izØe la{kkj.k ls lEcfU/kr gS \
(A) vk;ju vkfVZdy (articles) ij Hkwjk fu{ksi.k (B) cSVjhVfeZuy ij gjk fu{ksi.k
(C) flYoj flDds ij dkyk fu{ksi.k (D*) mijksDr lHkh
3
Sol. 2Fe + O  Fe2O3
2 2
Brown

Cu + CO2 + H2O  CuCO3. Cu(OH)2


Green

Ag + H2S  Ag2S
Black

3
Sol. 2Fe + O  Fe2O3
2 2
Hkwjk
Cu + CO2 + H2O  CuCO3. Cu(OH)2
gjk
Ag + H2S  Ag2S
dkyk

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15. Match correctly
I Bauxite (a) Lead
II Carnallite (b) Copper
III Malachite (c) Magnesium
IV Galena (d) Hall Process
fuEu dks lqesfyr dhft,
I ckWDlkbV (Bauxite) (a) ySM (Lead)
II dkusyZ kbV (Carnallite) (b) dkWij (Copper)
III eSysdkbV (Malachite) (c) eSXuhf'k;e (Magnesium)
IV xsysuk (Galena) (d) gkWy izØe (Hall Process)
(A) I – a, II – b, III – c, IV – d (B*) I – d, II – c, III – b, IV – a
(C) I – b, II – a, III – d, IV – c (D) I – d, II – b, III – c, IV – a
Sol. Bauxite – A2O3 . 2H2O – A is extracted by Hall’s process
Carnallite - MgC2. KC. 6H2O
Malachite - CuCO3. Cu(OH)2
Galena - PbS
Sol. ckWDlkbV – A2O3 . 2H2O – A dks gkWy izfØ;k }kjk fu"d"kZ.k dj ldrs gSA
dkusZykbV - MgC2. KC. 6H2O
esysdkbV - CuCO3. Cu(OH)2
xsysuk - PbS.
16. Copper is extracted from :
(A) stefinite (B) dolomite (C) galena (D*) malachite
dkWij dk fu"d"kZ.k fd;k tkrk gS :
(A) LVSfQukbV (B) MksyksekbV (C) xSysuk (D*) esykdkbV

Sol. CuCO3Cu(OH)2  CuO + CO2 + H2O ; CuO + C  Cu + CO

17. Main function of frothers is:


(A*) Stick to the ore and then take it to rise upto the top (B) Convert the insoluble ore into soluble part
(C) Make the ore hydrophobic (D) None
>kxdkjdksa (frothers) dk eq[; dk;Z gS
(A*) v;Ld ls fpiduk rFkk bls 'kh"kZ rd ys vkuk (B) vfoys; v;Ld dks foys; Hkkx esa cnyuk
(C) v;Ld dks ty fojks/kh cukuk (hydrophobic) (D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha
18. When haematite ore is burnt in air with coke along with lime at 200°C, the process not only produces steel
but also produces an important compound (A), which is useful in making building materials. The compound
(A) is
tc gsesVkbV v;Ld dks 200ºC ij ok;q esa dksd rFkk ykbe ds lkFk tyk;k tkrk gSA rks izfØ;k esa dsoy LVhy gh ugha
ijUrq ,d egRoiw.kZ ;kSfxd (A) Hkh curk gS] tks fd Hkou fuekZ.k lkexzh cukus esa mi;ksxh gSA ;kSfxd (A) gS &
(A) SiO2 (B*) CaSiO3 (C) FeO (D) Fe2 O3
Sol. CaCO3  CaO + CO2 ; CaO + SiO2  CaSiO3

19. (i) The slag obtained during the extraction is lighter and has lower melting point than the metal (Fe or Cu).
(ii) Froth floatation process may be used to increase the concentration of mineral chalcopyrites.
(iii) High purify metals can be obtained by zone refining method if the impurity has lower melting point.
(i) fu"d"kZ.k
ds nkSjku izkIr /kkrqey gYdk gksrk gS o bldk xyukad /kkrq (Fe ;k Cu) ls de gksrk gSA
(ii) [kfut pkydksik;jkbV dh lkanzrk dks c<+kus ds fy, >kx Iyou fof/k iz;ksx dh tkrh gSA
(iii) e.My ifj"dj.k fof/k }kjk vR;f/kd 'kq) /kkrqvksa dks izkIr fd;k tk ldrk gS] ;fn v'kqf);ksa dk xyukad de gksrk gSA
(A*) T, T, T (B) T, F, T (C) F, T, T (D) F, F, F

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20. The compressibility of a gas is less than unity at S.T.P. therefore,
S.T.P. ij ,d xSl dh laihMh;rk ,d ls de gS] vr%
(A) Vm > 22.4 litres (B*) Vm < 22.4 litres (C) Vm = 22.4 litres (D) Vm = 44.8 litres
P V
Sol. Compressibility of an ideal gas (Z) =
nRT

P  22 .4
For a mole of ideal gas at STP, (Z) =
RT

P  Vm
For other gases Z < 1. It is equal to
RT
Hence Vm < 22.4 litre.
P V
g y- ,d vkn'kZ xSl ds fy, laihM~;rk (Z) = nRT

P  22.4
STP ij ,d vkn'kZ xSl ds fy, laihM~;rk , (Z) = RT

P  Vm
vU; xSlksa ds fy, Z < 1. ;g RT
ds cjkcj gSA
vr% Vm < 22.4 yhVj
21. To a solution of acetic acid, solid sodium acetate is gradually added . When x grams of the salt have been
added, the pH has a certain value. When total of y grams of the salt have been added, the pH has been
further raised by 0.6 units. Then the ratio of x : y is (take log 2 = 0.3)
,flfVd vEy ds foy;u esa] Bksl lksfM;e ,sflVsV dks /khjs&/khjs feyk;k tkrk gSA tc yo.k ds x xzke Mky fn, tkrs gSa]
rks pH dk ,d fuf'pr eku gksrk gSA tc yo.k ds dqy y xzke Mkys tkrs gSa] rks pH vkxs 0.6 bZdkbZ ls c<+ tkrh gSA rc
x : y dk vuqikr gS (take log 2 = 0.3)
(A*) 1 : 4 (B) 1 : 2 (C) 2 : 3 (D) 1 : 8
Sol. On adding CH3COONa, we will get better colour, its pH will be given by
x
pH1 = P1 = pKa + log
[acid]
so, 0.6 = log(y/x) so, y/x = 4. Hence x : y = 1 : 4

DPP No. # 31 (JEE-ADVANCED)


Total Marks : 53 Max. Time : 32 min.
Single choice Objective ('–1' negative marking) Q.1 to Q.11 (3 marks, 2 min.) [33, 22]
Multiple choice objective ('–1' negative marking) Q.12 to Q.16 (4 marks, 2 min.) [20, 10]

1. Conductivity of a saturated solution of Cu2[Fe(CN) 6] after substracting the conductivity of water is


1.28 × 10–5 W –1 cm–1. Calculate value of solubility of Cu2[Fe(CN)6].
[m(CuSO4) = 260 S cm2 mol–1, m(K2SO4) = 300 S cm2 mol–1, m(K4Fe(CN)6) = 720 S cm2 mol–1]
Report your answer as (solubility ) × (105)
ty dh pkydrk dks ?kVkus ds i'pkr~ Cu2[Fe(CN)6] ds lar`Ir foy;u dh pkydrk 1.28 × 10–5 –1 cm–1 gSA
Cu2[Fe(CN)6] ds foys;rk dk eku Kkr dhft,A
fn;k gS% [m (CuSO 2 –1  2 –1  2
4) = 260 S cm mol , m (K2SO 4)=300 S cm mol , m (K4Fe(CN)6)=720 S cm
mol–1] viuk mÙkj (foys;rk) × (105) ds :i esa nhft,A
(A*) 2 (B) 4 (C) 5 (D) 6
(E) 8
Sol. m (Cu2[Fe(CN)6]) = 2 m(Cu2+) + m(Fe(CN)64–)
= 2 m(CuSO4) + m(K4Fe(CN)6) – 2m(K2SO4)
= 640 S cm2 mol–1

  100   1000 1.28  105  1000


 m = s= 
= = 2 × 10–5
s m 640

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2. The velocity corresponding to a gas "X" (MW = 100) corresponding to the maxima of the curve given below at
a given temperature is 200 m/s. Then kinetic energy of 300 gram of gas "x" will be
fdlh xSl "X" ¼v.kqHkkj = 100½ ds fy;s fdlh ,d fuf'pr rki ij fuEukuqlkj mfPp"B ij osx dk eku
200 m/s gS] rks 300 gram "X" ds fy, bl rki ij xfrt ÅtkZ dk eku gksxk A

(A) 9000 kJ (B*) 9 kJ (C) 90 kJ (D) 810 kJ


Sol. The velocity corresponding to the maxima is the most probable velocity which is given by the expression.

2RT
Cmp =
M
2
CmpM (200)2  100  10 3
RT = = = 40000 × 50 × 10–3 J mol–1 = 40 × 50 J mol–1
2 2

300
No. of moles = =3
100

3 3
E= nRT = × 3 × 40 × 50 = 9 × 103 J = 9 kJ
2 2
Sol. m)Z:B ds laxr ,d lcls izkf;d osx gS ftls fuEu O;atd }kjk fn;k tkrk gSA
2RT
Cmp =
M
2
CmpM (200)2  100  10 3
RT = = = 40000 × 50 × 10–3 J mol–1 = 40 × 50 J mol–1
2 2
300 3 3
eksy dh la[;k = =3 E= nRT = × 3 × 40 × 50 = 9 × 10 3 J = 9 kJ
100 2 2

3. (I) When copper ore is mixed with silica, in a reverberatory furnace copper matte is produced. The
copper matte contains sulphides of copper (II) and iron (II).
(II) Zone refining is based on the principle that impurities are more soluble in molten metal than in solid
metal.
(III) In the metallurgy of aluminium, graphite anode is oxidised to carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide.
Correct statements amongs the following are-
(A) I, II (B*) II, III (C) I, III (D) I, II

(I) ijkoZruh HkV~Vh esa tc dkWij v;Ld dks flfydk ds lkFk fefJr fd;k tkrk gS rks dkWij esV (matte) izkIr gksrk
gSA dkWij esV esa dkWij (II) o vkW;ju (II) lYQkbM gksrs gSA
(II) {ks=k ifj"dj.k (zone refining) bl fl)kUr ij vkèkkfjr gS fd v'kqf);k¡ Bksl èkkrq dh rqyuk esa xfyr èkkrq esa vfèkd
foys; gksrh gSA
(III) ,Y;qfefu;e ds èkkrqdeZ esa xzsQkbV ,uksM dkcZu eksuksvkWDlkbM o dkcZu MkbZvkWDlkbM esa vkWDlhd`r gks tkrk gSA
fuEu esa ls lgh dFku gS&
(A) I, II (B*) II, III (C) I, III (D) I, II
Sol. When copper ore is mixed with silica, in a reverberatory furnace copper matte is produced. The copper matte
contains sulphides of copper (I) and iron (II).
ijkoZruh HkV~Vh esa tc dkWij v;Ld dks flfydk ds lkFk fefJr fd;k tkrk gS rks dkWij esV (matte) izkIr gksrk gSA dkWij
esV esa dkWij (I) o vkW;ju (II) lYQkbM gksrs gSA

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4. If at 298 K, the solubility of AgCl in 0.05 M BaCl2(completely dissociated) is found to be very nearly 10 –9 M
and E0 Ag / Ag  0.80 V . Then the value of E 0 Cl / AgCl / Ag at the same temperature will be
;fn 298 K ij, 0.05 M BaCl2 (iw.kZr% fo;ksftr) esa AgCl dh foys;rk 10–9 M ds cgqr utnhd ikbZ xbZ rFkk
E 0 Ag / Ag  0.80 V gSA rc leku rki ij E0 Cl / AgCl / Ag dk eku gksxk
(A) 1.39 V (B) 0.8295 V (C) –0.7705 V (D*) 0.21 V

Sol. KSP for AgCl (AgCl ds fy, KSP) = 10–9 × (0.1) = 10–10
0.059
 E 0 Cl / AgCl / Ag = +0.80 + log10–10 = 0.21 V
1
5. Which of the following is not correctly matched with respect to the processes involved in the extractive
metallurgy of the respective metal ?
(A) Al2O3.2H2O  Al : Leaching, precipitation, calcination and electrolytic reduction (molten state).
(B) Ag2S  Ag : Leaching and displacement method.
(C) PbS  Pb : Froth flotation process, roasting and self reduction.
(D*) KCl.MgCl2.6H2O  Mg : Dehydration by simple heating and electrolytic reduction (molten state).
fuEu esa ls dkSulk lEcfU/kr /kkrq ds] /kkrq fu"d"kZ.k esa fughr izØe ds lanHkZ esa] lgh lqesfyr ugha gS \
(A) Al2O3.2H2O  Al : fu{kkyu] vo{ksi.k] fuLrkiu rFkk oS|qr vi?kVuh; vip;u (xyuh; voLFkk ).
(B) Ag2S  Ag : fu{kkyu rFkk foLFkkiu fof/kA
(C) PbS  Pb : >kx Iyou fof/k] HktZu rFkk Lor% vip;uA
(D*) KCl.MgCl2.6H2O  Mg : lk/kkj.k xeZ djds futyhZdj.k rFkk oS|qr vi?kVuh; vip;u (xyuh; voLFkk ).
Leaching
Sol. (A) Al2O3(s) + 3H2O (  ) + 2NaOH (aq)  2Na[Al(OH)4] (aq)

2Na[Al(OH)4] (aq) + CO2(g)  Al2O3 . xH2O(s) + 2NaHCO3 (aq)


1470 K
Al2O3 . xH2O(s)   Al2O3 (s) + xH2O (g)
Calcination

Electrolytic reduction of molten pure Al2O3 mixed with Na3AlF6 or CaF2


Method is known as Hall-Heroult process
Cathode : Al3+ (melt) + 3e–  Al(l)
Anode : C(s) + O2– (melt)  CO(g) + 2e–
C(s) + 2O2– (melt)  CO2 (g) + 4e–
(B) Leaching :
Ag2S + 4NaCN 2Na[Ag(CN)2] + Na2S
Na2S + 2O2  Na2SO4
Displacement by zinc in aqueous solution :
2Na[Ag(CN)2] + Zn  Na2[Zn(CN)4] + 2Ag 
(C) Roasting :

2PbS + 3O 2  2PbO + 2SO2
Self reduction :
2PbO + PbS  3Pb + SO 2
(D) Calcination :
 ( calcinatio n )
MgCl2. 6H2O      MgCl2 + 6H2O
Dry HCl( g )

It is not made anhydrous by simple heating because it gets hydrolysed



MgCl2. 6H2O  MgO + 5H2O + 2HCl
Electrolytic reduction :
Electrolytic reduction of molten anhydrous carnallite.
MgCl2 Mg2+ + 2Cl–
At cathode : Mg2+ + 2e–  Mg(99% pure) ;
At anode : 2Cl–  Cl2 + 2e–
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Sol. (A) Al2O3(s) + 3H2O (  ) + 2NaOH (aq)  2Na[Al(OH)4] (aq)

2Na[Al(OH)4] (aq) + CO2(g)  Al2O3 . xH2O(s) + 2NaHCO3 (aq)


1470 K
Al2O3 . xH2O(s)   Al2O3 (s) + xH2O (g)

Na3AlF6 vFkok CaF2 ds lkFk xfyr 'kq) Al2O3 dk oS|qr vi?kVuh; vip;u
;g izØe gkWy&gSjkWYV izØe dgykrk gSA
dSFkksM :Al3+ (xfyr) + 3e–  Al(l)
,uksM : C(s) + O2– (xfyr)  CO(g) + 2e–
C(s) + 2O2– (xfyr)  CO2 (g) + 4e–
(B) fu{kkyu :
Ag2S + 4NaCN 2Na[Ag(CN)2] + Na2S
Na2S + 2O2  Na2SO4
tyh; foy;u esa ftad }kjk foLFkkiu izØe %
2Na[Ag(CN)2] + Zn  Na2[Zn(CN)4] + 2Ag 
(C) HktZu :

2PbS + 3O 2  2PbO + 2SO2
Lor% vip;u :
2PbO + PbS  3Pb + SO 2
(D) fuLrkiu %
( )
MgCl2. 6H2O    MgCl2 + 6H2O
HCl( g)

bls lk/kkj.k xeZ djds] vuknz ugha cuk;k tk ldrk gS D;ksafd bldk ty vi?kVu gks tkrk gSA

MgCl2. 6H2O  MgO + 5H2O + 2HCl
oS|qr vi?kVuh; vip;u %
xfyr vuknz dkusZykbV dk oS|qr vi?kVuh; vip;u
MgCl2 Mg2+ + 2Cl–
dSFkksM ij : Mg2+ + 2e–  Mg(99% 'kq)) ;
,uksM ij : 2Cl–  Cl2 + 2e–
6. The increase in volume of air, when temperature of 600 ml of it, is increased from 27°C to 47°C under
constant pressure, is :
;fn gok ds 600 ml dk rkieku] fu;r nkc ij 27°C ls c<kdj 47°C dj fn;k rks blds vk;ru esa o`f) gksxh %
(A) 20 mL (B) 80 mL (C*) 40 mL (D) 500 mL
V1 V2
Sol. T1 = T2

T2 320
so vr% V2 = T . V1 = × 600 ml = 640 ml so increment = (640 – 600)ml = 40 ml
1 300
blfy, o`f) = (640 – 600)ml = 40 ml

7. At 27ºC the ratio of rms velocities of ozone to oxygen is


27ºC ij vkstksu rFkk vkWDlhtu dh rms osxksa dk vuqikr gksxkA
(A) 5/5 (B) 4/3 (C*) 2/3 (D) 0.25 (E) 3/4

VO3 , r m s M O2 32 2
Sol. VO 2 , r m s = M O3 = =
48 3

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8. Choose the incorrect option.
(A) Beryl is an example of cyclic silicate. If it is represented as Be3Alx[Si6O18], then the value of x is 2.
(B) Out of SF4, C2F6, XeF4 and NO2, octet rule is followed by C2F6 only.
(C) Number of P–P–P angles in the structure of P4 molecule is 12.
(D*) Boric acid is a weak monobasic acid and has only one replaceable H-atom per molecule.
(E) Aqueous solution of borax acts as buffer solution.
vlR; fodYi dk p;u dhft;sA
(A) csjhy (Beryl) ,d pfØ; flfydsV dk mnkgj.k gSA ;fn bls Be3Alx[Si6O18] izdkj ls iznf'kZr fd;k tkrk gS] rc x
dk eku 2 gSA
(B) SF4, C2F6, XeF4 rFkk NO2 esa ls dsoy C2F6 }kjk gh v"Vd fu;eu dk vuqlj.k fd;k tkrk gSA
(C) P4 v.kq dh lajpuk esa P–P–P dks.kksa dh la[;k 12 gSA
(D*) cksfjd vEy ,d nqcZy ,dy{kkjh; vEy gS rFkk blds izfr v.kq esa dsoy ,d izfrLFkkiuh; H-ijek.kq gksrk gSA
(E) cksjsDl dk tyh; foy;u cQj foy;u dh Hkkafr dk;Z djrk gSA
Sol. (A) cyclic silicate [Si6O18]12–
3 × (+2) + x × (+3) – 12 = 0
x=2
(B) In C2F6, carbon can't expand its octet.
NO2 is an odd electron specie in which seven electrons are present in valance shell of N atom.

(C)

(D) Boric acid is a Lewis acid, but not the protic acid.
(A) pfØ; flfydsV [Si6O18]12–
3 × (+2) + x × (+3) – 12 = 0
x=2
(B) C2F6 esa dkcZu viuk v"Vd izlkfjr ugha dj ldrk gSA
NO2 ,d fo"ke bySDVªkWu Lih'kht gS] ftlesa N-ijek.kq ds la;kstdrk dks'k esa dsoy lkr bysDVªkWu mifLFkr gSA

(C)

(D) cksfjd vEy ,d yqbZl vEy gS] ijUrq ;g izksfVd vEy ugha gSA

9. Which is false for MOT ?


(A*) HOMO is not responsible for basicity and nucleophilicity of the molecule.
(B) After passing through node sign of MO changes.
(C) In N2 molecule electronic configuration energy levels are filled considering sp mixing.
(D) If no. of nodal planes for any MO in O2 is zero or even then it is gerade.
MOT ds fy, D;k xyr gS ?
(A*) HOMO {kkjdrk ds fy, rFkk v.kq dh ukfHkdLusfgrk ds fy, mÙkjnk;h ugha gSA
(B) uksM esa ls fudyus ds i'pkr MO dk fPkUg ifjofrZr gksrk gSA
(C) N2 v.kq esa bysDVªkWfud foU;kl ÅtkZ Lrj sp feJ.k dks /;ku esa j[krs gq,s Hkjk tkrk gSA
(D) ;fn O2 esa fdlh MO ds fy, uksMy ryksa dh la[;k 'kwU; ;k le gks rks ;g ftjsM (gerade) gSA

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10. During the preparation of H2S2O8 (peroxydisulphuric acid) using H2SO4 electrolytically, O2 gas also releases
at anode as by product. When 10.08 L of H2 releases at cathode and 2.24 L O 2 at anode at STP, the weight
of H2S2O8 produced in gram is :
H2SO4 dks fo|qrvi?kVuh; :i ls iz;qDr dj H2S2O8 (ijvkWDlhMkblY¶;wfjd vEy) ds fuekZ.k ds nkSjku] ,uksM ij O2
lg&mRikn ds :i esa eqDr gksrh gS] tc dSFkksM+ ij STP, ij 10.08 L H2 rFkk 2.24 L O2 eqDr gksrh gS] rks cuus okys H2S2O8
dk Hkkj gksxkA
(A) 87.12 (B*) 48.5 (C) 83.42 (D) 51.74
10.08 2.24 W
Sol. ×2 = ×4 + ×2 or W = 48.5 g
22.4 22.4 194

11. In which of the following case, increase in concentration of ion cause increase in oxidation electrode potential?
(A) Pt(H2) | H+(aq) (B*) Ag, AgCl | Cl(aq)
+
(C) Pt | quinhydrone | H (aq) (D) Ag | Ag+(aq)

buesa ls fdl ifjfLFkfr esa vkWDlhdj.k bysDVªkWM foHko esa o`f} ds dkj.k vk;u dh lkUnzrk esa o`f} gks rh gS ?
(A) Pt(H2) | H+(aq) (B*) Ag, AgCl | Cl(aq)
(C) Pt | Dohu gkbMªksu | H+(aq) (D) Ag | Ag+(aq)
1
Sol. (A) H (g)  H+(aq) + e– ; Ecell = Eºcell – 0.0591 log [H+]
2 2

(B) Ag(s) + Cl–(aq)  AgCl(s) + e– ; Ecell = Eºcell – 0.0591 log 1 / [Cl–]


(C)  + 2H+ + 2e– ; Ecell = Eºcell – 0.0591 log [H+]

(D) Ag(s)  Ag+(aq) ; Ecell = Eºcell – 0.0591 log [Ag+]

12. Which of the following is/are ionic in solid state ?


fuEu esa ls dkSulk@dkSuls Bksl voLFkk esa vk;fud gS@gSa ?
(A) BeCl2 (s) (B*) CaC2 (s) (C) PF5 (s) (D*) XeF6(s)
Sol. Ca2+ (C2)2 – ; XeF5+ F– ; PF5 (s) is covalent.

13. Select the correct statements about the electrolysis


(A*) Electric current is used to drive a non spontaneous reaction
(B*) G is positive for chemical process during electrolysis
(C) cations and anions move towards the anode and cathode respectively
(D*) over voltage is generally associated with anode in the electrolysis of NaCl (aq)
oS|qr vi?kVu ds lanHkZ esa lgh dFkuksa dk p;u dhft;sA
(A*) ,d vLor% vfHkfØ;k dks izkjEHk djus ds fy;s oS|qr /kkjk dk mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA
(B*) oS|qr vi?kVu ds nkSjku jklk;fud izØe ds fy,] G /kukRed gSA
(C) /kuk;u rFkk +_.kk;u] Øe'k% ,uksM rFkk dSFkksM dh vksj xfr djrs gSA
(D*) NaCl (tyh;) ds oS|qr vi?kVu esa] vfroksYVrk (over voltage) ] lkekU;r% ,uksM ds lkFk lEcfU/kr gksrh gSA

14. Select the incorrect statement(s)


( VC ) Y
(A*) Gases ‘X’ and ‘Y’ having similar intermolecular forces, have their critical volume related as ( V ) > 1.
C X

Therefore, gas ‘Y’ is more compressible than gas ‘X’ under similar conditions.
(B) Under normal conditions, helium gas shows positive deviation from ideal behaviour.
(C*) Value of third virial coefficient of Z vs Vm equation for a gas is zero at Boyle’s temperature.
(D) At very high molar volume, behaviour of gas becomes ideal.

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xyr dFku @ dFkuksa dk p;u dhft,A
( VC ) Y
(A*) xSlksa ‘X’ rFkk ‘Y’ leku vUrjk.kqd cy j[krs gS rFkk buds ØkfUrd vk;ru ( V ) > 1 ls lEcfU/kr gSA vr% leku
C X

ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa xSl ‘Y’, xSl ‘X’ dh rqyuk esa vf/kd lEihfM~; gSA
(B) lkekU; ifjfLFkfr;ksa ds vUrxZr ghfy;e xSl] vkn'kZ xSl ls /kukRed fopyu iznf'kZr djrh gSA
(C*) ,d xSl ds fy, ckW;y rkieku ij Z vs Vm fofj;y lehdj.k esa r`rh; fofj;y xq.kkad dk eku 'kwU; gksrk gSA
(D) vR;f/kd mPp eksyj vk;ru ij xSl dk O;ogkj vkn'kZ gksrk gSA
15. Which is/are true about the Buckminster fullerene ?
(A*) Carbon atoms are sp2 hybridised.
(B*) Electrons are delocalised in the molecular orbitals of different carbon atom.
(C*) It contains two type of C-C bond length.
(D*) Thermodynamically it is less stable than diamond and graphite.
cd~fufefuLVj Qqysjhu ds fy, dkSulk dFku lgh gS \
(A*) dkcZu ijek.kq sp2 ladfjr gSA
(B*) fofHkUu dkcZu ijek.kq ds vkf.od d{kdksa esa bysDVªkWu foLFkkfud`r gksrs gSA .
(C*) ;g nks izdkj dh C-C cU/k yEckbZ j[krk gSA
(D*) m"ekxfrdh; :i ls ;g ghjk rFkk xzsQkbV dh rqyuk esa de LFkk;h gksrk gSA

16. Which of the following statements is/are correct ?


(A) The shape of compound XeF 6 is regular octahedron.
(B*) According to MOT, mixing of s and p orbitals takes place in the formation of N 2 molecule.
(C*) In complex ion [PtCl4]2– the orbitals of central atom involved in hybridisation are 5dx 2–y2, 6s, 6px and
6py.
(D*) In liquid H2O2, both hydrogen bonds and covalent bonds are present.
fuEu esa ls dkSulk@dkSuls dFku lgh gS@gSa ?
(A) ;kSfxd XeF6 dh vkd`fr fu;fer v"VQyd gSA
(B*) MOT ds vuqlkj N2 ds fuekZ.k esa s rFkk p d{kd fefJr gksrs gSaA
(C*) [PtCl4]2– ladqy vk;u esa dsfUnz; ijek.kq ds ladj.k esa fughr d{kd 5dx2–y2, 6s, 6px rFkk 6py gSaA
(D*) nzo H2O2 esa gkbMªkstu ca/k rFkk lgla;kstu ca/k nksuksa mifLFkr gSA
Sol. XeF6 is distorted octahedron or capped octahedron.
XeF6 dh vkd`fr] fod`r v"VQyd vFkok Vksihuwek v"VQyd gSA

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