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Antiseptic Examples

1. Water - Dubbed as the very best antiseptic with no equal. Should be considered first line of attack when
eradicating germs of all kinds.
2. Iodine Compound - Like Povidone Iodine are one of the best antiseptics available
3. Alcohol - Isopropyl Alcohol and Ethyl Alcohol. They are effective especially when dilluted with water to
create a 70% solution. It can kill microorganisms rapidly.
4. Mercury compounds - Very powerful antiseptic but irritating to delicate tissues
5. Bleach - They are oxidizing agents but not potent killers of infectious disease
6. Thymol - Commonly used in mouthwashes
7. Carbolic Acid (Phenol) - Can kill anthrax spores
8. Boric Acid - A mild acid that is also antifungal and antiviral. Useful as Eyewash
9. Hydrogen Peroxide - A good cleansing agent assisted by its effervescence.
10. Vinegar - A 1% solution is effective on surgical dressings to prevent infections
11. Chlorhexidines - for skin disinfection
12. Phenolic - for Environmental decontamination
13. Honey - Natural antiseptic that can can prevent wound infection. It has antibacterial agents that can kill
bacteria
14. Tea Tree Oil - For skin disinfectant like acne, also for wound healing
15. Eucalyptus - used for treatment of flu and throat infections.
16. Brilliant Green - a triarylmethane die used as 1% ethanol solution for treating small wounds.
17. Quaternary Ammonium Compounds - Used to sterilize skin before surgery. Also as a preservative in eye
drops.
18. Lavender - Helps in Minor Skin Problems
19. Pineapple - Used for treatment of pneumonia and infection by worms.
20. Lemon - used to sterilize the air with a few drops on spray bottle.

Examples of Disinfectants

1. Sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) - widely used for cleaning, deodorizes, and can make the water soft
2. Soap - Are biodegradable and are good disinfectants.
3. Lemon- - Contains citric acid which is a good disinfectant, effective on many household bacteria.
4. Isopropyl Alcohol - Better than ethanol in action against microorganisms.
5. Cornstarch - can be used for cleaning windows, polishing the furniture, etc
6. Citrus Solvent - Also used for cleans paint brushes and also worked on some stains.
7. Chlorine - for sterilization of water.
8. Dettol - acts as an antiseptic as well as disinfectant used for floor cleaner and infected clothes.
9. Silver Dihydrogen Citrate (SDC) - Kills the microorganism by deactivating the structural and metabolic
membrane proteins of microorganism.
10. Ultra violet radiations - disinfectant for smooth surface like dental tools
11. Phenolic Compound - acts as active ingredient in household disinfectants, mouthwashes, etc.
12. Alcohol - can effectively kill fungi and bacteria. They denature the protein cover of microorganisms, and
the also dissolve lipids that envelope viruses
13. Glycol - Ingredient in air disinfectants that can disinfect microorganisms in the air.
14. Iodine - can impair the protein synthesis and affect cell membranes
15. Benzalkonium Chloride - can kill algae, hence used as disinfectants in large water systems
16. Formaldehyde - Can act on fungi.
17. Bleach - a solution of sodium hypochlorite and calcium hypochlorite. They can be the active disinfectant
for swimmings pools
18. Chloramine - Can be used to disinfect drinking water
19. Clove Oil - used to increase disinfecting properties of cleansers.
20. Borax - can deodorize, disinfect, and soften water

CSF Specimen Collection for Analysis


 Obtain CSF for gram stain, cell count, protein, glucose and aerobic culture
 The kit should contain 4 pre-numbered tubes to be filled in chronological order. Avoid covering tube
numbers with stickers to ensure appropriate routing of samples.
 With low volume, one-tube specimens not all testing may be possible and the clinician must determine
which tests should be prioritized. If cultures are desired, Microbiology must receive the specimen first to
ensure the culturing of a sterile specimen.
 Transport time <15 minutes. Do not refrigerate CSF for bacterial culture.

 If adequate volume is obtained, orders are placed per tube as follows:

Tube # Orders
#1 – Chemistry/Immunology Protein (LAB118) and Glucose (LAB611)
#2 – Microbiology Aerobic culture with gram stain (LAB4801). Select "CSF lumbar puncture", "CSF
shunt", or "CSF ventricular trap" as source to ensure appropriate culturing. If
cryptococcal meningitis is suspected, fungal cultures (LAB240) and cryptococcal
antigen (LAB2233) should be ordered as well. The Meningitis/Encephalitis PCR Panel
(LAB8514) should be ordered on all lumbar punctures where infections is being
considered and can not be ordered on non-lumbar puncture samples (order
individual tests instead).
#3 – Hematology If a pathologist review is needed, it can be obtained by ordering Cytospin, CSF
(LAB1024) in addition to the CSF Cell Count and Differential (LAB1022).
#4 – Specimen Control Specimen storage (LAB4890). Select "Spinal fluid" as source and request to hold for
30 days at -80°C unless 4°C or -20°C storage is needed for a specific test.

REFERENCES:
1. TutorVista 2017, Disinfectant, retrieved on 09/26/’17,
http://chemistry.tutorvista.com/biochemistry/disinfectant.html
2. Cricket Webber 2017, Hunker, List of Disinfectants, retrieved on 09/26/’17,
https://www.hunker.com/12360688/list-of-disinfectants
3. Pete Gannett May 3, 2017, Quora, What are some examples of disinfectants and antiseptics?, retrieved
on 09/26/’17, https://www.quora.com/What-are-some-examples-of-disinfectants-and-antiseptics
4. Healthcare Uiowa, Collection of CSF, retrieved in 09/28/’17,
https://www.healthcare.uiowa.edu/path_handbook/Appendix/TechServ/COLLECTION_OF_CSF.html