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ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

TARGET : JEE (Main + Advanced) 2016

Course : VIJETA (JP) NO. 30

This DPP is to be discussed in the week (28-09-2015 to 03-10-2015)

ANSWERKEY
DPP No. # 30 (JEE-ADVANCED)

1. (ACD) 2. (ABCD) 3. (A) 4. (AC) 5. (C) 6. (D) 7. (D)

8. (B) 9. 12 10. 4 11. (D) 12. (B) 13. (A) 14. (B)

DPP No. # 30 (JEE-ADVANCED)


Total Marks : 42 Max. Time : 28 min.
One or more than one choice Objective Q.1 to Q.4 (3 marks, 2 min.) [12, 08]
Comprehension Type(One Option Correct) ('–1' negative marking) Q.5 to Q.7 (3 marks, 2 min.) [09, 06]
Matching List Type (One Option Correct) ('–1' negative marking) Q.8 (3 marks 2 min.) [03, 02]
Single Integer Type Questions Q.9 to Q.10 (3 marks 2 min.) [06, 04]
ChemINFO : 4 Questions ('–1' negative marking) Q.11 to Q.14 (3 marks, 2 min.) [12, 08]

1. Identify the reactions having correct products.


(i) NaOH (excess)
(A*) 
(ii) H

(i) NaOH (excess)


(B) CCl3CHO   HOOC – CHO
(ii) H

(i) NaOH (excess) / 


(C*) CH3  C  CBr3  CH3COOH + CHBr3
(ii) H
||
O

(D*)

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fuEu esa lgh mRikn okyh vfHkfØ;kvksa dks igpkfu,A
(i) NaOH ( )
(A*) 

(ii) H
(i) NaOH ( )
(B) CCl3CHO   HOOC – CHO
(ii) H

(i) NaOH (
/ )
(C*) CH3  C  CBr3   CH3COOH + CHBr3
|| (ii) H
O

(D*)

2. Which of the following products is/are correctly mentioned in the following reactions :
fuEu esa ls fdl vfHkfØ;k esa cuus okyk mRikn lgh gS \
NaOD NaOH
(A*) HCHO   HCOONa + CH3OD (B*) HCDO   DCOONa + CH2DOH
NaOEt NaOD
(C*) HCDO   DCOOEt + DCH2ONa (D*) D2CO   DCOONa + CD3OD
Sol. Cannizaro reaction

OH  fast
  + 
 RCH OH +
fast Hexchange
2

Sol. dsfutkjks vfHkfØ;k

OH
 +  RCH OH +
 2
H

3. The true statement about the major product of in reaction with aq. NaOH
followed by heating is.

(A*) It gives yellow ppt with I2/ O H (B) It gives silver mirror with Tollen’s reagent
(C) It shows stereoisomerism (D) It does not give yellow ppt with 2,4 DNP

;kSfxd dh fØ;k NaOH ls djkus ds i'pkr~ xeZ djus ij cuus okys eq[; mRIkkn
ds izfr lgh dFku gSA

(A*) ;g I2/ O H ds lkFk ihyk vo{ksi nsrk gSA (B) ;g VkWysu vfHkdeZd ds lkFk jtr niZ.k nsrk gSA
(C) ;g f=kfoe leko;ork n'kkZrk gSA (D) ;g 2,4 DNP ds lkFk ihyk vo{ksi ugha nsrk gSA


OH
Sol.  

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4. The correct statements are :

base ( i) O
(x) +  (y)   3
  (z) +
(ii) Zn / H2O

(A*) If (x) is PhCH=O, then (z) is also PhCH=O


(B) If (x) is PhCH=O, then (y) is Ph—CH=CH—CH=CH—COOH

(C*) If (z) is then (y) is

(D) x can be CH3—CH=O.


lR; dFku gksxsa %

(x) +  (y)  (
 i) O 3
  (z) +
(ii) Zn / H2O

(A*) ;fn (x) = PhCH=O gS] rks (z) Hkh PhCH=O gksxkA
(B) ;fn (x) = PhCH=O gS] rks (y) = Ph—CH=CH—CH=CH—COOH gksxkA

(C*) ;fn (z) = gS] rks (y) = gksxkA

(D) x, CH3—CH=O gks ldrk gSA

base O , Zn,H O
Sol. Ph – CH = O +  
 
 Ph – CH = CH – COOH 3  
2
Ph – CHO + OHC – COOH
Perkin
y

O , Zn,H O
3  
2

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Comprehension # (Q. 5 to 7)
vuqPNsn # (Q. 5 ls 7)
Observe the following reactions and answer the following questions
fuEu vfHkfØ;kvksa dk voyksdu djds fuEu iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, %

5. The compound (S) is :


;kSfxd (S) gksxk %

(A) (B)

(C*) (D)

6. The compound ' T ' can be :


;kSfxd (T) gks ldrk gS %

(A) (B) CH3–CH2–CH=O (C) Ph – CH = O (D*) CH3–CH=O

7. The compound ' X ' is :


;kSfxd (X) gS %

(A) (B)

(C) (D*)

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Sol.

8. Match list I (reaction) with II (product) and then select the correct answer from the codes given below the
lists:
lwph I (vfHkfØ;k) dks lwph II (mRikn) ds lkFk lqefs yr dhft, rFkk lwphc) fd;s x;s dksM ds vk/kkj ij lgh mÙkj dkSulk gSA
List I List II
(Reactions) (Product)
lwph&I lwph&II
(vfHkfØ;k) (mRikn)

(P) AgNO 3 / NH 4 OH (1)


    

NaOH( excess)
(Q)    (2)

(R) KMnO / OH  /  (3)


4 


(S) NaOH / I (4)


   2 

Codes dksM :

P Q R S P Q R S
(A) 1 3 4 2 (B*) 4 1 3 2
(C) 4 1 2 3 (D) 3 1 4 2

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HO , 
9. CH3—CH=O + CH3CH2—CH=O   mixture of aldols
Total number of aldols including stereoisomers are :

HO , 
CH3—CH=O + CH3CH2—CH=O   ,YMksy dk feJ.k
,YMksyksa dh dqy la[;k ¼f=kfoe leko;oh;ksa dks feykdj½ fdruh gksxhA
Ans. 12


HO , 
Sol. CH3—CH=O + CH3CH2—CH=O   +

+ +

10. Conc , NaOH, NaOH,


      Products (mRikn)

Find the total number of possible products formed in the above reaction.
mijksDr vfHkfØ;k esa cuus okys lEHko mRikn dh dqy la[;k gSA
Ans. 4

conc. NaOH, 
NaOH,
Sol.   

+ + +

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ChemINFO-2.6 Chemistry in Every day life
Daily Self-Study Dosage for mastering Chemistry

Antimicrobials : The chemicals which stop the growth or kill the micro organism such as bacteria, virus, fungi,
moulds etc. are called antimicrobials.
Antibiotics, antiseptics and disinfectants are antimicrobial drugs.
Antibiotics : The chemical produced by micro organism like bacteria, fungi and moulds that inhibit the growth
or destroy other micro orgamism causing infectious diseases in men or animal's body are called antibiotics.
(Antibiotics have either cidal (killing) effect or a static (inhibitory) effect on microbes)

Bactericidal (killing) Bacteriostatic (inhibitory)


Penicillin Erythromycin
Aminoglycosides Tetracycline
Ofloxacin Chloramphenicol

Antibiotics which kill (or) inhibit a short range of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria are known as Narrow
spectrum antibiotics. It effective against a single organism or diseases. They are also reffered to as limited
spectrum antibiotics.
Eg. Azithromycin, Erythromycin, Pencillin-G etc.
Antibiotics which kill or inhibit a wide range of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria are known as Broad
Spectrum antibiotics.
Eg. Vancomycin, Ofloxacin, Streptomycin, Tetracyclin, Chloramphenicol, Dysidazirine etc.
Penicillin : Among six type of penicillin, penicillin-G is most widely used narrow spectrum antibiotic.
Ampicillin and amoxycillin are synthetic modifications of pencillin and these are broad spectrum antibiotics.
The general formula of penicillin is as shown below :

Penicillin is used for the treatment of pneummonia, bronchitis, wounds etc.

Chloramphenicol : It is broad spectrum antibiotic. It is rapidly absorbed from gastro intestinal tract and hence
can be given orally. It is used for the treatment of typhoid, dysentery, pneumonia, meningitis etc.

Dysidazirine : It is supposed to be toxic towards certain strains of cancer cells.

Memorize this theory as soon as you get the DPP. Revise it regularly and master this concept by

11. Which of the following is bactericidal : 13. Which of the following is narrow spectrum antibiotic
(A) Erythromycin (B) Tetracycline (A*) Penicillin-G (B) Streptomycin
(C) Chloramphenicol (D*) Ofloxacin (C) Ampicillin (D) Amoxycillin

12. Which of the following is bacteriostatic : 14. Which of the following drug is used for typhoid :
(A) Penicillin (B*) Tetracycline (A) Penicillin-G (B*) Chloramphenicol
(C) Ofloxacin (D) Aminoglycosides (C) Streptomycin (D) Amoxycillin

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ChemINFO-2.6 nSfud thou esa jlk;u
Daily Self-Study Dosage for mastering Chemistry

izfrlw{etSfod (Antimicrobials) : ,sls jlk;u tks lw{etho tSls fd thok.kq] oh"kk.kq] dod]QaQwnh vkfn dks u"V dj nsrs gS ;k
mudh o`f) dks jksd nsrs gSA izfrlw{etSfod dgykrs gSA
izfrtSfod ] izfrjks/kh rFkk laØe.kgkjh izfrlw{etSfod vkS"kf/k;kW gSA
izfrtSfod : lw{etho tSls thok.kq] dod rFkk QaQwnh }kjk mRikfnr ,sls jlk;u tks euq";ksa rFkk thoksa esa laØe.k chekfj;ksa dks QSykus
okys lw{ethoksa dks u"V dj nsrs gS] vFkok mudh o`f) dks jksd nsrs gS] izfrtSfod dgykrs gSA ¼izfrtSfod lw{ethoksa ij thok.kquk'kh
;k thok.kq fujks/kh izHkko n'kkZrs gS½
thok.kquk'kh ¼ekjus okyk½ thok.kqf ujks/ kh ¼o` f)jks/ kh½
isfuflfyu ,fjFkzksekbflu
,feuksXykbdkslkbM VsVªklkbDyhu
vkW¶yksDlkflu DyksjSEQsfudkWy
izfrtSfod tks fd xzke&xzkgh (gram-positive) rFkk xzke&vxzkgh (gram-negative) nksuksa izdkj ds thok.kqvksa ds lhfer ijkl dk
fouk'k djrs gS] vFkok fujks/k djrs gS] ladh.kZ LisDVªe (Narrow spectrum) izfrtSfod dgykrs gSA ;g ,dy thoksa ;k chekfj;ksa
ds izfr izHkkoh gksrs gSA bUgas lhfer LisDVªe izfrtSfod Hkh dgk tkrk gSA
mnkgj.k %& ,ftFkzksekbflu] ,fjFkzksekbflu] isfuflfyu-G vkfnA
,sls izfrtSfod tks fd xzke&xzkgh (gram-positive) rFkk xzke&vxzkgh (gram-negative) nksuksa izdkj ds thok.kqvksa ds foLr`r LisDVªe
(Broad Spectrum) dk fouk'k ;k fujks/k djrs gS] izfrthok.kq dgykrs gSA
mnkgj.k%& osudksekbflu ] vkW¶yksDlkflu] LVsªIVksekbflu] VsVªklkbfDyu ] DyksjSEQsfudkWy] MkbflMsftfju vkfnA
isf uflfyu :
isfuflfyu ds fuEu 6 izdkj gksrs gSA blesa ls isfuflfyu-G ladh.kZ LisDVªe izfrtSfod ds :i esa vf/kd foLr`r Lrj ij mi;ksx
esa fy;k tkrk gSA
,fEiflfyu rFkk ,eksfDlflfyu] isfuflfyu ds la'ysf"kr :ikurj.k gS rFkk ;g foLr`r LisDVªe izfrthok.kq gSA
isfuflfyu dk lkekU; lw=k uhps fn;k x;k gSA

isfuflfyu dk mi;ksx fueksfu;k] 'olu 'kksFk vkfn ds mipkj ds fy, fd;k tkrk gSA
DyksjSEQsfudkWy : ;g foLr`r LisDVªe izfrtSfod gS ;g tBjka=k {ks=k esa vfr'kh?kz vo'kksf"kr gks tkrk gS vr% bldk mi;ksx VkbQkbM]
isfp'k] rhoz Toj] dqN ew=k laØe.kks] rfudk&'kksFk ¼esfuutkbV~bl½ rFkk U;weksfu;k tSls jksxks ds mipkj esa fd;k tkrk gSA

fMflMSftfju : izfrthok.kq fMflMSftfju dks dSalj dksf'kdkvksa ds dqN izHksnksa ds izfr vfo"kkyq ekuk tkrk gSA
Memorize this theory as soon as you get the DPP. Revise it regularly and master this concept by

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11. fuEu eas ls dkSulk thok.kquk'kh gS %
(A) bfjFkzksekbflu (B) VsªsVklkbfDyu (C) DyksjksEQsfudkWy (D*) vkW¶yksDlkflu

12. fuEu esa ls thok.kq fujks/kh gS :


(A) isfuflfyu (B*) VsVªklkbDyhu (C) vkW¶yksDlkflu (D) DyksjSEQsfudkWy

13. fuEu esa ls dkSulk ladh.kZ LisDVªe izfrtSfod (Narrow spectrum antibiotic) gSA
(A*) isfuflfyu-G (B) LVªsIVksekbflu (C) ,fEiflfyu (D) ,eksfDlfyu

14. fuEu esa ls dkSulh vkS"kf/k VkbQkWbM ds fy, mi;ksx dh tkrh gSA
(A) isfuflfyu-G (B*) DyksjSEQsfudkWy (C) LVªsIVksekbflu (D) ,eksfDlfyu

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