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# MALLA REDDY ENGINEERING COLLEGE (AUTONOMOUS)

## IV B.Tech I Semester I Mid Assignment Question Bank(MR15), AY 2018-19

EEE
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UNIT-I

1) Define i) power quality ii) interruptions iii) voltage swell iv) voltage fluctuations
2) Discuss briefly about the Power Quality Problems?
3) Explain the phenomenon of Power Quality?
4) Explain the Remedies of Power Quality?
5) Explain the Harmonics and interruptions in power Quality?
6) Explain the need of Power Quality Monitoring?

UNIT-II
1) Differentiate Outage, Failure & Interruption
2) Explain the Origin of Short interruptions?
3) Explain the Monitoring of Short interruptions?
4) Explain the Stochastic prediction of Short interruptions?
5) Explain the evaluation of reliability to Power Quality? .
6) Explain the origin of Long interruption?

UNIT-III
1) Explain voltage sag duration?
2) How do you determine the magnitude of voltage sag in non radial system meshed Systems?
3) Define Sag and Explain the Causes of Voltage Sag?
OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS

MODULE-I

## 1 Harmonics cause which of the following D

Nuisance Tripping
Heating in windings
Capacitor Failure
All the Options are Correct
2 Most of the power quality problems are related to C
Grounding
Neutral size issues
Grounding and neutral size issues
None
3 Which one of the following device is used for improving the power factor of the system B
Asynchronous Generator
Synchronous Phase Modifier
Shunt Reactor
Series Reactor
4 Filters are used to reduce which of the following D
All the options are correct
Voltage sag
Voltage distortion
Harmonics
5 Harmonics present in the system will cause interference with A
Neighboring Telephone Lines
Neighboring Power Lines
Neighboring Electrical Equipments
None
6 Which of the following contribute to the low voltage and poor power factor D
Reactive Power
Harmonics
All the options are correct
7 ______ is the short time reduction in the rms voltage between 0.1 to 0.9 p.u for a duration of A
0.5 cycle to 1 minute
Voltage sag
Voltage Interruption
Voltage surge
8 Continuous and rapid variations in the load current magnitude which causes voltage variations A
Flicker
Voltage sag
Voltage distortion
Harmonics
9 Which of the following will not comes under disturbance with respect to power quality B
Transients
Harmonic Distortion
Interruption in supply
Voltage Sag
10 Which of the following is not considered as good power quality voltage C
Having a Constant sine wave with fundamental component
Supplied at Constant Velocity
Power Supply is more compared to demand
Has a constant RMS Value unchanged with time
11 Which stage of the power supply uses a zener as the main component? C
Rectifier
Voltage divider
Regulator
Filter
12 In a three phase voltage source inverter operating in square wave mode, the output line voltage A
is free from
3rd harmonic
7th harmonic
11th harmonic
13th harmonic
13 Computer simulation software _________________ D
allow for troubleshooting circuits
aid in circuit design
simulate circuit operation
all of the above
14 Household circuits are wired so that loads are in ______ A
parallel
series
series and parallel
none of these
15 The third harmonic currents are known as ______ A
Zero sequence harmonics
Negative sequence harmonics
Positive sequence harmonics
none
16 Which one of the following cannot be possible with voltage surges B
Tripping of Sensitive Equipment
Flicker in Incandescent Lamps
Damaging to insulation
Damage to electronic components
17 Electric resistance heaters and incandescent bulbs have power factor of which of the following B
Unity
Lagging
Zero
18 In which of the following condition does voltage unbalance occurs A
Both the A &B options are correct
When the phase angle between phases are not equal to 120 deg
When voltage magnitude in all the three phases are not identical
None
19 Which one of the following is waveform distortion D
Notching
Electrical noise
DC offset
All the options are correct
20 Voltage dips cannot be caused by which of the following D
Local and Remote faults
Capacitive Switching
21 Which of the following is long-term (hours-long) voltage sags caused by system overload D
Voltage surge
Black out
Voltage dip
Brown out
22 DC circuit has which of the following harmonic components B
Negative sequence harmonics
DC Circuit will have no harmonic components
Positive sequence harmonics
Zero sequence harmonics
23 Which of the following is not a source of harmonic current C
Capacitor Switching
UPS Systems
Computers
24 The simultaneous production of electricity and heat is ___________ B
nuclear power generation
cogeneration
thermal generation
alternative energy
25 Electricity is transmitted across lines at a high voltage and low current in order to _____ D
provide the same amount of power
minimize the use of transformers
reduce utility bills
reduce power losses
26 Which of the following is NOT considered a power quality problem? A
generation station failure (shutdown)
electrical noise
lightning strike on a transmission line
harmonic distortion
27 A 120 VAC circuit has a voltage measurement of 134 V for 30 seconds. What type of problem C
is this?
voltage sag
voltage spike
voltage surge
harmonic distortion
28 If the current in a resistive circuit is tripled, the power in the circuit will be ____ times the D
original power.
three
four
six
nine
29 A 5 HP motor is connected to 240 VAC. What current does this motor draw? C
48 A
25.5 A
15.5 A
cannot be determined with given information
30 Which of the following would be used at the site of a power plant to send power into a C
transmission line?
customer transformer
step-down transformer
step-up transformer
current transformer

31 The __________ is common to a natural gas power plant, nuclear plant, and a hydroelectric D
plant.
pump
cooling tower
steam generator
turbine
32 The following factors considered to PQ D
Safety
Reliable
Voltage quality
All the above
33 More sensitive to voltage disturbance ? C
All of the above
34 Voltage sag & harmonic distortion is due to________________ A
High quality of the supply voltage
low quality of the supply voltage
Transients
Voltage surges
35 Long interruptions are rare in____________________ C
All of the above
36 _________________ are considered now part of the power quality. A
Long interruptions
Short interruptions
Both A & B
None
37 Decrease in voltage in RMS at power frequency is called B
Voltage swell
Voltage sag
Interruption
All of the above
38 Voltage sag also called___________ D
Voltage swell
Voltage surge
Over voltage
Voltage dip
39 The following factors considered to PQ D
Safety
Reliable
Voltage quality
All the above
40 More sensitive to voltage disturbance ? C
All of the above
41 Voltage sag & harmonic distortion is due to________________ A
High quality of the supply voltage
low quality of the supply voltage
Transients
Voltage surges
42 Long interruptions are rare in____________________ C
All of the above
43 _________________ are considered now part of the power quality. A
Long interruptions
Short interruptions
Both A & B
None
44 Decrease in voltage in RMS at power frequency is called B
Voltage swell
Voltage sag
Interruption
All of the above
45 Voltage sag also called___________ D
Voltage swell
Voltage surge
Over voltage
Voltage dip
46 The following factors considered to improve Power Quality D
Safety
Reliable
Low initial & operating costs
All the above
47 Long interruptions are rare generally due to____________________ C
Over voltage
Failure of the Equipment
none
48 Power quality= A
Voltage quality
Current quality
Both A & B
none
49 Voltage swell is due to D
Switching operations
transients
Capacitor banks
none
50 _________________ are considered now part of the power quality unlike olden days A
Long interruptions
High currents
Harmonics
Surge voltage
MODULE-II

## 51 Momentary Interruptions not more than A

3 to 5 sec
4 to 5 sec
1 to 5 sec
2 to 5 sec
52 The reduction in fault clearing time is achieved by using current limiting, D
Switches
Compensator
Fuses
Capacitor
53 Which method is used to reduce the fault clearing time, A
Capacitor switching
Resistor switching
Mitigation method
None
54 At the fault position the voltage drops to a A
High value
Normal value
Low value
All the above
55 Sources of sag interruptions A
Fault
Over voltage
Quality
Equipment
56 Notching is a periodic voltage B
current
Disturbance
Frequency
Short circuit
57 Incorrect tap setting on transformer is caused by D
Short circuit
Under voltage
Over voltage
58 An area of vulnerability is determined by total B
Circuit area
Fault area
Harmonics
Tie line
59 In voltage sag, breaker requires to operate, D
0.5 to 30cycles
5 or 30cycles
1 or 50cycles
5 or 6cycles
60 Temporary interruptions is between D
3 to 5 sec
4 to 5 sec
1 to 5 sec
2 sec to 2min
61 A voltage sag is a short duration A
0.5 to 30cycles
5 to 30cycles
0.1 to 50cycles
5 to 60cycles
62 To compute voltage sag performance, we consider D
Average feeder length
Average feeder reactance
Feeder reactor
All the above
63 The most commonly used characteristics in voltage sag, B
Frequency and deviation
Duration and magnitude
Amplitude and frequency
Time and frequency
64 General causes of interruption are D
Equipment failures
Control malfunctions
Blown fuses
All the above
65 Active Series Compensator is a device that can boost the A
Voltage
Frequency
current
Amplitude
66 Power quality generally used to express A
Quality of service
Computer equipment
Quality of the voltage
Lightning equipment
67 Swell is an increase in the rms voltage or current between A
1.1 and 1.8 pu
1.2 and 2.8 pu
3.1 and 1.3 pu
2.1 and 5.8 pu
68 The duration of voltage sag is less than B
20 min
1min
20sec
60min
69 Interruptions are a complete loss of D
Current
Voltage
Frequency
Short circuit
70. Sustained interruptions last longer than B
20 min
2min
20sec
60min
71 An increase to between 1.1 and 1.8 per in rms voltage at the power frequency is defined as
the A
Swell
Sag
Interruptions
Short circuit
72 An overvoltage is an increase in the rms ac voltage greater than A
110 %at the power frequency
100 % at the power frequency
200 % at the power frequency
50 % at the power frequency
73 What are the causes due to short circuit in the sag interruptions D
Fault on feeder
Fault on feeder from the substation
Transmission system
All the above three
74 In electric power quality, power quality indices means C
Assessing the sensitive
Assessing the computer
Assessing the quality
Assessing the equipment
75 Transmission faults cause voltage sags that last about B
40sec
10sec
20sec
60sec
76 From IEEE standard 1250-1995, the instantaneous interruption between C
20 cycles & 1 second
10 cycles & 2 seconds
30 cycles & 0.5 seconds
20 cycles & 4 seconds
77 Two short interruptions followed by which of the following A
voltage sag
voltage swell
current sag
current swell
78 The most commonly used characteristics in voltage sag B
frequency and deviation
duration and magnitude
amplitude and frequency
time and frequency
79 From EN 50160 standards, the duration of short interruptions A
up to 3 minutes
< 3 minutes
= 3 minutes
none
80 Momentary Interruptions not more than D
3 to 5 sec
4 to 5 sec
1 to 5 sec
2 sec
81 From EN 50160 standards, the duration of long interruptions A
> 3 minutes
< 3 minutes
= 3 minutes
none
82 The reduction in fault clearing time is achieved by using current limiting B
switches
compensator
fuses
capacitor
83 Two short interruptions followed by which of the following A
voltage sag
voltage swell
current sag
current swell
84 Interruptions less than 1second in duration, the frequency is___ C
Different
same
both a& b
none
85 In electric power quality, to compute voltage sag performance we consider D
average feeder length
average feeder reactance
feeder reactor
all the above

86 In electric power quality, the most commonly used characteristics in voltage sag B
frequency and deviation
duration and magnitude
amplitude and frequency
time and frequency
87 During sag voltage contains a large amount of _____ frequency components B
lower
higher
A&B
none
88 Flicker can explain in terms of C
deviating voltage
voltage distortion
fluctuating voltage magnitude
none
89 In feeder, two possible locations for fault A
Same feeder
Parallel feeder
A&B
None
90 Active Series Compensator is a device that can boost the A
Voltage
Frequency
current
Amplitude
91 Power Quality is the deviations of _____________from ideal waveform C
Voltage and Current
Voltage or Current
Voltage
Current
92 A Voltage Interruptions is also called as____________ A
Supply Interruptions
Just interruptions
A&B
none of the above
93 In electric power quality, interruptions are a complete loss of B
Current
Voltage
Frequency
Short circuit
94. In electric power quality, power quality generally used to express A
Quality of service
Computer equipment
Quality of the voltage
Lightning equipment
95. Power quality indices means C
Assessing the sensitive
Assessing the computer
Assessing the quality
Assessing the equipment
96 The sources of PQ problems C
Utility Sources
Internal Sources
A&B
none

## 97 The Causes of Power Quality Problems are D

Source Voltage Variations
in rush Currents
All the above
98 An increase to between 1.1 and 1.8 per in rms voltage at the power frequency is defined as
the A
Swell
Sag
Interruptions
Short circuit
99 Over load circuits can result in B
short circuit
under voltage
over voltage
100 From IEEE standard 1250-1995, the momentary interruption between C
20 cycles & 3 seconds
10 cycles & 1 second
30 cycles & 2 seconds
20 cycles & 4 seconds

MODULE-III

101 Which of the following contribute to the low voltage and poor power factor: D
Reactive Power
Harmonics
All the options are correct
102 Which one of the following device is used for improving the power factor of the system: A
Synchronous Phase Modifier
Shunt Reactor
Series Reactor

Asynchronous Generator
103 Filters are used to reduce which of the following: A
Harmonics
Voltage distortion
All the options are correct
Voltage sag
104 Most of the power quality problems are related to grounding and neutral size issues A
True
False

## True for grounding issues but not neutral size issues

True for neutral size issues but not grounding issues
105 Voltage dips cannot be caused by which of the following: C
Local and Remote faults

## Switching on of Large Loads

Capacitive Switching
106 Continuous and rapid variations in the load current magnitude which causes voltage A
variations:
Flicker
Voltage distortion
Harmonics
Voltage sag
107 Which one of the following is waveform distortion: D
DC offset
Notching
Electrical noise
All the options are correct
108 DC circuit has which of the following harmonic components: D
Zero sequence harmonics
Positive sequence harmonics
Negative sequence harmonics
DC Circuit will have no harmonic components
109 ______ is the short time reduction in the rms voltage between 0.1 to 0.9 p.u for a duration of D
0.5 cycle to 1 minute:
Voltage Interruption
Voltage surge
Voltage sag
110 Which of the following is not considered as good power quality voltage: B

## Supplied at Constant Velocity

Power Supply is more compared to demand
Having a Constant sine wave with fundamental component
Has a constant RMS Value unchanged with time
111 Which one of the following cannot be possible with voltage surges: B
Tripping of Sensitive Equipment
Flicker in Incandescent Lamps
Damage to electronic components
Damaging to insulation
112 Which of the following is long-term (hours-long) voltage sags caused by system overload: B
Black out
Brown out
Voltage dip
Voltage surge
113 Harmonics cause which of the following: C
Capacitor Failure
Heating in windings
All the Options are Correct
Nuisance Tripping
114 Which of the following will not comes under disturbance with respect to power quality A
Harmonic Distortion
Transients
Voltage Sag
Interruption in supply
115 ___________ present in the system will cause interference with neighboring Telephone Lines A
Harmonics
Voltage Sag
Current
None of the above
116 __________ is the ratio of the sum of the powers of all harmonic components to the power of A
the fundamental frequency
Total Harmonic Distortion
Voltage Sag
Current
None of the above
117 Which of the following is not a source of harmonic current: D
Computers
UPS Systems
Capacitor Switching
118 Electric resistance heaters and incandescent bulbs have power factor of which of the A
following:
Unity
Lagging
Zero
119 In which of the following condition does voltage unbalance occurs: C
When voltage magnitude in all the three phases are not identical
When the phase angle between phases are not equal to 120 deg
Both A and B are correct
None of the above
120 The third harmonic currents are known as ______ : C
Negative sequence harmonics
Positive sequence harmonics
Zero sequence harmonics
Infinite sequence harmonics
121 What should be the value of sag for proper operation of overhead transmission line? C
High
Low
Neither too low nor too high
Anything
122 What is the relation between length of span and sag? C
sag α √span
sag α (1/span)
sag α span2
None of the above
123 What is the effect of rise in temperature on sag when Ice and wind effect are eliminated? B
Sag decreases
Sag increases
Sag remains constant
Sag becomes zero
124 When the sag exceeds 10% of the span length, the shape made by the conductor is similar to C
which of the following shape?
Hyperbola
Parabola
Catenary
Straight line
125 An overhead transmission line has a span of 220 metres the conductor waiting 0.604 kg/m. D
What will be the maximum sag if the working tension is 2879 kg.
8.96 m
8.86 m
8.85 m
1.27 m